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a xiMornATio KiwsrArtn, PuMiihrd Weekly at Camden, Tenn. atiirniruiinK 4i ci.tu M4ILM4TTIK. Hl'-sINE' AMMicm : Kin: XT. Th subscription .rli .f Tug CrtiKmnxi U 1 r yrar, W cuts fr II months, rmits for tlire moirha.whieli iitiTJf tmin t paid lu a Wmice. All ii!t-r,p!lniii b" prMtji i.tiy ito.ti. t npirttluti of tune paid fur. Obituary mi l aimiUr no'ii''i will be clurg 1 for at the rats of a rents ir Hue. Wewdl furnn'i rat. I.jt d.j lay and adYerti.iuf on application. Our J.b printing facilities ars firsU'lan, in 1 out c:alty it gol work. Liiiiuim (ind samples win re pom.ble) will 1 8 f uruilu.a ou application. News oummuuloations and articles on qni. lions fif publio Interest aia aolfcitad, but w a-itime no f'f-i'muibiMy for tLa aipr-aiiona conitiuM in all auch coruikuuloaiiona and articles pubuhed. IVmittauort ran b made In various wari thai are perfectly anfe, but all remittances ar'nt an at the rule of aeteb r. Postage stamps of 1 and 9-pent denomitutions will 1 reomed in aumi irf 1 a (ban $1, provide I they are sent in auob shape, aa lo prevent ihma stloking together. All remittances aud buaineo oumrauuicationi should be Milt to TRAVIS BROS, Publishers, Camdk.", Tesk. The improvement of the channel at the mouth of the Mississippi Hirer has been a great bonefit to the Cres cent City. Among the vessels which hare recently visited IN'ow Orleans are many of the lurgest freight carriers afloat, ami many of the cargoes car ried ou would ?aY2 cou considered Impossible s61K5 y'eaTs ago. .r ' : ' J. Hoss writes in the Engineering and Mining Journal that since the diamond discoveries in South Africa the Brazilian diamond-mining indus try has fallen so low that the annual output is now not over $150,000, when thirty years ago it was upward of $2, COO, 000. Brazilian diamonds are so much smaller than the African that it does not pay to mine them against African competition. 1 Secretary Morton declares that the flow used by the American farmer is humbug and an enemy to fertility. Said the Socretary: "We have im proved our plows less than any other implement man uses. The plow used in Nebraska and other stoneless soils impacks every furrow it passes over nd renders it as impervious to rain- fall as possible. The draft of a plow is downward to such an extent that the full force of the team's strength is exhausted in pressing the bottom of the furrow into a polished trough for the conduction of rain down the side hills. We must have some method of tillage which shall stir up the soil and Bubsoil to the depth of eighteen inches and more. If it were possible to loosen the soil and subsoil down for three feet all over the State of Ne braska, we could then, with an annual rainfall of twenty inches, make abun dant and profitable crops. Until deep plowing through subsoil tillage be comes universal in that commonwealth there will be, year ia and year ou, no certainty of remunerative crops. Pro fessor Shalor, of Harvard, estimates that the present inefficient and ill-resulting methods of plowing, especially Upon undulating lands, cost the far mers of the United States 250 squae miles of soil each year by erosion. Everywhere in Nebraska where torren tial rainfalls are so frequent the side hills mutely verify Professor Shaler'e theory as to the annual waste of washed lands. This is a matter of such vast importance that I have asked Chan cellor Canfleld, of the University of Nebraska, to bring it before the 1600 etudents in that institution and ask them to try and think out a new im plement of agriculture which shall supersede the plow. It ia a subject tmon which the inventive minds of educated farmers should be concen trated. A proper solution of the diffi culty will facilitate subsoil tillage and at the same time save both the crops and the soil. In my judgment the coming implement should spade the land and turn it over, as a man who pushes the spade with his foot into the ground and drawing the spade out turns the soil upside down by the twist of his wrists. Possibly a rotary epader could be invented. Possibly an implement consisting of a large number of revolving knives could be made so that in passing over the sur face of the field it shall chop up the foil and subsoil for two feet in such a ' jaanner aa to render the percolation tf the rainfall down to the depth at rhich the cround has been stirred terj easy and perfect." It is not so orach what one says as it is what one does that courts. WASHINGTON NOil'S ITEMS OF NKWS I'll Hl'.l) I I A V THK NATIONAL CAI'II'AI Sajlnjs n! Doing of th OffleUI Hod of the (lovr rnnipiit. Tho president when aked whether "Secretary Morion's interview f some days b'o oij tho monetary ipirstioU might li regarded us rcprcst nting his views, replied : "I run in no niunntr rehpurisiLlp fur Mr. Morton's inti rview, and knew nothing of it until I rend it in tbo newspapers. When I lmvo seen fit to suy anything to the people on tho money question or any other question, I have found it quite easy to do no direetly and on my own account." The volume annually prepared by tho clerks of tho senate and house of representative appropriation commit tees, showing the exact appropriations and tho new oflices created has been prepared for the last session of tho C3d congress by Mr. Thomas I. Cleave, clerk of tho senate committeo and Mr. J. C. Courts, a clerk of the house com mittee. The statement gives tho ap propriations in detail and specifies tho now oflices created and abolished with the salaries, and also the salaries in creased and reduced, together with a chronological history of the regular appropriation bills. Assistant Supervimng Architect Kemper has returned, to Washington after a trip to .Atlanta, Ga., where ho went to look after the new government building. He expresses himself as eminently satisfied with tho progress of the work and says it will bo com pleted on schedule time, July 1st. Mr. Kemper bubbles all over with enthusi asm about tho cotton exposition when tho subject is mentioned. He was amazed, he says, at tho outlook and predicts that it will be second to no American exposition save tho world's fair at Chicago. "It will be as great an exposition," said he, "as the Phila delphia centennial of 1876." J. n. Kohlsaat, the new owner of the Chicago T itncn-llcrald, has ofl'ered Mr. Eckels, tho comptroller of the treasury, a largo salary, said to bo nearly $10,000 a year, to go to Chicago and becomo financial editor of that paper. In view of the importance of financial questions in business circles and politics, Mr. Eckels saw in this editorship an opportunity to wield great influence in the west, and was at first much inclined to accept Mr. Kohl- saat's generous offer. On consultation, however, with other members of the administration, he deemed it his duty to remain in his present office until tho expiration of Mr.Clevclaud'term, and has wired his determination to that effect. A bill recognizing the belligerency of the Cuban revolutionists has been prepared in Washington and will be introduced in congress when that body convenes in December next. It was drafted at the suggestion of certain representatives and senators who are in sympathy with the efforts of the Cubans to throw off the yoke of Spain, and these gentlemen will use their in fluence to pass it through both houses. Such action on the part of the United States would,of course, be of immense service to the revolutionists. It would result in the free shipment of arms and men to the island in support of the insurgents' cause and would give them tne moral and material support which they so greatly desire. It is positively learned at Washing ton that public sentiment in Japan is strongly turned in the direction of taking possession of Hawaii. While the native Hawaiians still constitute the largest nationality, 34,000, to the Japanese 25,000, the latter have the largest number of male adults, being 20,000 to the native 16,000. Thero can be no doubt that a small Japanese squadron, with 1,000 troops co-pperat ing with the resident Japanese, could easily overcome any resistance possible for all the rest of the population of Hawaii to make. The safety of this government against an early conquest by Japan must bo in tho protection, of the United States. Failing in that, appeal must be made to British pro tection. The Month's Revenue Receipts. The monthly statement of collec tions of internal revenue issued Tues day shows the total receipts from all sources for the nine months of the present fiscal year ended March 31, 1895, to have been $109,995,015, of which $19,802 was from income tax from persons, and $8,855 from corpo rations, companies and associations. The remaining items cf receipts were from spirits, tobacco, oleomargarine, etc. The net increase was $1,950,163. The principal item ol increase was $1,295,628 from whisky. The in creases and decreases for the month o March, 1895, compared with March, 1894, is shown as follows: Spirits de crease, $2,905,024; tobacco decrease, $145,364; fermented liquors decrease, $180,115; oleomargarine decrease, $34,qOQ; miscellaneous increase, $17, 317; income tax increase, $16,839 aggregate decrease .for the month, $3,230,355. Holidays la Postofflces. The postmaster general has amended tho pitnl liiwunn l reulntiorm ri nrl iiitt !i 1i.li i. '1 lot fiiio-u linetit Uh (hat pohtnmnt r iniiy tilrrv ai b li liny .Uiiimry lnt, IVbrusrv 'J'Jud.May Itotli, July 4th, tlm lirht Mcii Ikt in .S-ptcitit'i r, kiiuvwi an Labor l'y, !'' (( u. bi r 2"tli, and Mich (t!.t r tiny rn the pre (-i.lt lit i. f the I' nit. .! !-uu or tho gdvirmrn, in tlair respective ctttei, rimy dt hignate n fn-t or thanks (.iviii duvK, or proclaim fpccially ai holiday. On other Oceanian tlo ir ofuYiHcan be closed only ufti r permit nion obtained therefor from th de partment, to be btilllu d ti.roiii.-li tho I'lTrt H1"- i-bu:t pof-tiiiii-ili r central. I'pon hulidiiy.t pohU "ice.t imiwt l o opened MilVieieiitly to met t fairly tho publio convenience. .Mm!a inii-t bo ma le up and c.i -patcht d nt on other day. When a 1 il holiday fnllt upon a Sunday the following Mutiduy may be observed, unless otherwise fpeeiul ly provided for by utato authority. Movement of nvat Yc'l. Secretary Herbert lm ordered Ad miral Metido to tend the critiser Miu Liapolia to Kingfton to take on 500 tons of coal which remained in a col- icrvutthitt iiort vh-ti th fleet left for Han Domingo, and which could ; not be sent to Colon on account of the xorbitant freight rates. Tho New York, Columbia, Atlanta, Halcigh and Cincinnati will sail directly from Co on for Key est, where nearly 4,000 tons of West Virginia coal have been ent for their use. Any portion of this that the New York, Columbia and Cin cinnati do not need will be landed at tho ey West naval station for future use. ho New York and Columbia Mill spend but a few days at Key West and will then hurry to the ISew York navy yard to prepare for their cruise to the Kiel celebration, which occurs June 9th. Captain Evans, of the New York, expects Jo get away from. New York for Europe about June 1st, when Admiral Meodo s flag will be transfer red to tho Minneapolis. Secretary Herbert says one of the vessels will return to Colon from Key West, but all the others will come north, lhe Montgomery will be used to convey the members of the .Nicaraguan canal commission to Greytown, Talk of an Extra Session. Some talk of an extra session of con gress was produced at Washington Monday by the publication in an after noon paper of a long article alleging that the advisability of an extra-ordinary session of congress was being se riously considered. The alleged rea son given was thot the dissension in the democratic party on the subject of silver had grown to such an extent that the party leaders considered it advisable to have an extra session in order to demonstrate that the re publicans were as badly split up as their political adversaries, and to thow the country that they, too, were incapable of agreeing on remedial legislation. While it is doubtless true that the republicans are about as deep in the mud as the democrats are in tho mire on the silver question, no one at the capital who knows Mr. Cleveland believes he would call an extra session for the sole purpose of putting the republicans in a "hole He doesn t play politics after that fashion. It would require some sort of a national exigency, fancied or real, but sufficient to his mind to induce him to summon congress to Washing ton. For this reason no one con versant with the situation takes any stock in the extra session talk. A Forty BUlllon Deficit. The decision of the supreme court in the income tax- case necessitates a rehearing of tho estimates of govern ment receipts for the fiscal year end ing June 30, and from the best data obtainable it is believed that the deficit for the year will probably amount to $40,000,000. The amount of the deficit to date is $47,211,541, with indications of a further increase before the close of the present month, but the income tax receipts, it is expected, will mate rially cut down this amount during the remaining ten weeks of the fiscal year. Receipts from customs and from in ternal revenue sources continue to in crease, but not at the pace expected, and with fully one-half of the antici pated receipts from the income tax cut off, it is doubtful if the close of the year shows a deficit less than $40,000, 000. As has been the case for some years, the expenditure on account of pen sions is more than a third of the en tire expenditures of the government, and eeveral times, during the last two years, the inexorable requisitions of the secretary of the interior on pension account has caused some apprehension among the officials that the time might come when they could not be honored with the old-time promptness. Already this month more than $11,000,000 has been paid to pensioners, and since July 1st nearly $117,500,000 has been paid on the pension account. racking Horse Meat. J. M. Switzlcr has sold three thous and horses to a Portland, Oregon, syn dicate. The animals are to be slaugh tered at Portland, Mr. Switzler says, and the meat packed and all parts of the carcass utilized. This is now the only market for the thousands of horses in eastern Oregon and Wash ington ranges. The price was less than $5 per head. AIVISINOTIIK.IAIS.i A IKKTMLNT OK WMlOM l'KO. I.AIMI.I) UY THK M IK AIM). II Warn III Fnbjeot to of tlm Swell,,! Mend. Nra Tho Central New correspondent in Tokio teleprapht a summary of an im perial proclamation ixHucd Monday to the JiipimcM! peopbt. Tlm emperor says ho ia convinced that tho puico concluded at ShiuionoHi ki will promote the national prosperity, which hat ever been hi hic-lieht aim. Tho 'bilious result of the war had been nehier d by the harmonious ef fort of tho whole nation. The iiiini ters, tho army, the navy and people's rt presentatives in the diet had done evt rythirig in their power to make Ja pan strong and ready to realio the emperor's aspiration. Thej had omitted nothing in perfecting the plans of national defense. Tho sol diers ainl sailors of the empire had won everlasting glory by their beha vior abroad. They had advanced and fought, unmindful of winter's bitter cold and summer's blazing heat, and they had triumphed everywhere. They had earned a world-wide reputation for discipline and humanity. No praise was too high for their loyalty and valor and the glory both had add ed to tho empire. At the same time, much remained to bo dono iu the march toward higher civilization. It was to bo Loped that tho loyal subjects of tho empire would realize this and would guard against tho dangers of vanity and conceit. They should cultivate a spirit of mod esty and humility and strive to per fect their military defenses, although without going to tho extremes of na tional armament. They should pro mote education and seek to know the refinements but not the efficiency of life. The emperor rebukes sharply thoso who, in the intoxication of victory, seem inclined to insult friendly pow ers and complicate the empire's for eign relations. Now tBat the breaches of faith had been repented, the ex change of the treaty ratifications should inaugurate a period of forgive ness aud friendship, lhe emperor closes the proclamation with the state ment that strict obedience to his wishes, as indicated in this document, will be exacted from all his subjects. Extends to nil Powers. A dispatch from Tokio to the Cen tral News says that in view of the various European misstatements and misrepresentations in regard to the Chino-Japanese treaty of peace, the government confirms that the commer cial concessions obtained by Japan were not exclusive, but extend to all treaty powers. Japan secured these privileges for tho general good of all countries, and, therefore, expects her efforts to meet with friendly apprecia tion. Where China Rorrows Mo-ney. The Coloync Gazette, of Berlin, eays : "The loan of 30,000,000 marks at 6 per cent, which has been concluded with a syndicate of German bankers, is merely a provincial transaction which was arranged some time ago by the viceroy of ISankin. The Chinese government has opened negotiations for an indemnity loan of 25,000,000 with a syndicate of British, German nd French bunkers." A Permanent Menace. Tho Temps, of Paris, says in a strongly worded leader on the terms of peace: "The treaty will constitute a permanent menace to the interests of Europe. It ia a grave infringement on the rights of the powers whose pos sessions have a common frontier with China, and Europe will fiud it difficult to understand or forgive the one wost ern power that is selfishly holding aloof and thuB destroying the efficacy of the peaceful intervention of the others. What is Russia About? The London 'rimes' correspondent in Kobe says: "The leave of all the officers of the Russian warships, both here and at Nagasaki, has been stopped and the crews are confined to their vessels. Tho Russian legation has in structed the commanders to bo ready to sail at twelve hours' notice." Let Them Settle It. The Times further says: "It is too easily assumed that the powers have the right to step in at the conclusion of the war and dictato the conditions of peace. The present appeal for a demonstration of European concert is not justified, prima facie, either by precedent or policy. We believe pub lio opinion on the continent, as also generally here, will let the question between China and Japan settle itself. We decidedly believe the government wise in refraining from any snare in bringing pressure to bear upon tho Japanese. Another Fruitless Ballot. The 118th ballot for United States Benator, took place in the Delaware legislature Monday and resulted as follows: Ihcrfnns, republican, b; Aa dicks, republican, 6 ; Tennewill, re publican, 3; Massey, republican, 3; Kidgely, democrat, 9 ; Tunnell, demo crat, 1 ; absent, 1. DR. OtAU'l OKI) ( I NM l!l II. I li I lorel.i I.rxWbitur lilt Mima lUr.l On(. Soma time ago The St. Te ir. ',.'. Jh'jiftti h aent out 1 (1 J u i r t ' ,i Various tale ( Hirer a-kin if tho i tatute books of tho aeveral atate eontn.tie 1 laws BpHI nt lobbv ing. One of thefe inquiries r arhd Hon. John L. Crawford, neretary tf ttc of I lorida. fn-teiid (if ari-weriu,' the qui t-tion hi foked he r ' J I ! c I : " I i.n lobby controls the lepi-hi'r re of 1 lor ida." This w- pnbli.h, d in 1 h !',!. )ipat h of April Olh, I u! ,l.d not meet the litt. ntiou i f mri.J i t i f the legislature now iu h-m.i. nnt.l very recently. This aeri .us c rd.-m-natiuii of the lawmakers of the "Alli gator Statu" arouid the wrath t f tLe liou.e at Tuesday's Krion. Spielo scvtnly denouncing thi Kbit mint were made aud action i. d. m-liided refuting the rerioii-t rt lb ctiou noon the lower houe. After an animated dieti- -ion, a com port on the mittcc was appointed to n matter. Hi-solutions condemning as untrue tho statement of tho M-creUry of stato were reported unanimouhly by that committee and wero brought be fore the house upon the question of adoption. Friends of the aged secretary of stato claimed that his letter to The Post-Dispatch was written before the assembly of the present body. This was not proven, though Lis friends asked a suspensioa of action until this statement could be verified bf a tele gram from St. Louis txplaiuiug. Members of the special committeo thought that time enough Lad been given the secretary, but he had not furnished an explanation. Upon tho call of the previous ques tion, the house adopted the resolution by a vote of 34 to 20 aud the lower house places on its journal a severe cousure of tho state secretary. GROWTH OF THIS SOUTH. The Industrial Situation as Reported for the Past Week. Ili'pnrta from all ovrr the aiuth, for tlio paat weak, are to (he (T 'ct that lhe recent con tinued advance in the price of cotton, iho iu crtai:d firmness in the iron market, and the steaily demand for tho products of sc uthern coal mines Iirtb ratiFe.l a nihrked improvi-mr-nt in manufacturing and busintsa ciiclas. Tbe New Oiieam cotton factor report that adjust ments wi;h the growers havebeon more prompt and aatii-factory than for several yours. Tbe output of iron is well maintained- The organization of four new cotton mills are reported for tbe week, located re-pectively at Alexander City. Ala., Charlotte, and i'rank linvilK N. C, and Edfflold, S. C. Tbe Texas and Honduras Oil Manufacturing Co. has been charter, d at Cucro, Texas, wiih $110,000 capi tal, a $ 00,100 oil mill is to bebuilt at Edgefield, S. 0., and one to eost $10 000 at ClarktiviJle. rrxas. and the Southern l'liosnbate Co. cauital $14;i 000, is to rebuild it worliH at Macon, Ga. uiaB woika with I jw capital are to be built at AtiRusta, Ga., a coal company with the same capital has t eeu chartered at CoviiiKtou, Ky., and a $25,0( 0 mineral paint company at Man darin, Ga. Tin ra is also reported a cotton compress at Docatur, Texas; a distillery at Hamlet, JS. C. ; clectricnl plants at Waynesboro, Ga., Owcnsboro, Ky., r.nterprie, Mim , Knox villeand Morristown, Tenn., and a fertilizer factory at JSlacon, (ia. Iron workinz plants are reported at Littlo Rock., Ark., and Chattanoo ga, Tenn.: a flounnir mill at Mint Hill. N. O.: a rice inill at Femaudina, 1'la.j tobacco factories at Jacksonville and Tampa, Ha., and wood wooking plants at Jacksonville, Fla., Usee's? La., Covin, Mian., HandicrR. 8. C, Crpnhani, Texas, Interniont and Winchester, Va., aud jUiarioston, w. va. Water works will be constructed at Kov West. la., Waynesboro, Ga., Lancaster, Ky., Ope loussa, La., RutWfordton, N. C., Maryville and Morristown, Tenn., aud enlargenvntB of water works at Atlanta aud TiiomaBviue, Ga.. and Norfolk, Va. The new buildings of the week include a t25,0C0 brewery at Harper's Ferry. Va.; business houses at Jacksonville, Fla., Victoria, Tex., and Wheeling, V. V.; a $30,000 college building at lUleigh, JN. C; a $20,000 school house at Madibon, Gs. ; a court house at Charlottetville, Va., and a $35,00d tenement house at Atlanta, Ga. Tradesman (Chattanooga, Tenn.) CAR ACCOUNTANTS. Meet In San Francisco and Officers Elected. The car accountants, at their annual meeting at San Francisco, have chosen the following officers : President, James Osborne, auperintendent of car service of the Canadian Pacific, Montreal; vice president, Wm. McKay, car ac countant of the Southern Pacino Co. ; secretary, G. S. Russell, B. O. & N. ; va ui vi ti v - i. uuui -a. (uvuuuig railway, Boston. Frank M. Luce was elected to a vacancy on the executive committee. The next annual session will be held at Cleveland on the Becond Tresday in June, 1896. The association waa born in Clevoland twenty years ago, and will celebrate its majority there. THE TROUBLE IN NICARAGUA. Cannot Reach an Agreement in Ke- gard to Indemnity. , The New York Herald's speoial ca ble from Managua,Nicaragua,saysthat at a cabinet meeting it was proposed to cede to Great Britain Corn island, in the Atlantic, as au equivalent for her claim for indemnity. This prop osition met with strong opposition from President Zelega, and another proposition was made to pay the in demnity by means of a forcod loan. No definito action was taken on either proposition. Six Blocks Burned. The main business portion of Ard more Indian Territory for six solid blocks was destroyed by fire Friday morning. Sixty business housos were entirely destroyed. Tho loss will ag gregate $500,000.