Newspaper Page Text
Pretoria, the Capital, is a Quaint Old Boer Town. Johannrsburjr, tho Mctropolla, Is nn African Chicago, Tho capital of tlm K,.uth African II public, though by no meant tho '.M't town, in Pretoria, nniinl aft;r tiio futuotm liner leader, it lien ou a gtutlo hillside, facing tho nun, ou tho mlh aido of a pleasant valley, sur rounded by bleak. and di'nolute-look-iug hill. It i plentifully supplied with clear water, running ia open ditches along tho aidea of it street. Each dwelliug-bouao stands ia good sized garden, surrounded bj trees and hrubs, which grow rapidly in that genial climate. Some of tho trees aro well shaded with stately rows of gutu tree. Iu tho centre of tho town is a upacious old market square in which utauds u largo Dutch church, Pre toria would bo an attractive plaeo if it wero not so untidy and dimly. Thero is plenty of water in every street, but it is never sprinkled upon tho roadway. Nor is there much attempt made to keep the streets from litter of all sorts. r Johannesburg is by far tho largest and most important place in the wholo country, and ia in point of rapid growth, one of the inostremark able cities in the world. Tea years ago tire site it occupies was a desolate uninhabited plain, without a building br even a road save the rude "trek" If the Boers. Today it is a handsome city of 60,000 inhabitants, with couple of railroad stations, street cars, tolephones and electrio lights, stock exchange, theatres, opera house, and all the outward and visible signs of civilization and culture. It is no mufthroom city, either. The streets are well paved and the sidewalks flagged, and tho buildings are largely substantial etructures of brick and stone. Tho clubs and club houses would hold their own for size and comfort in Lon don or New York. There is a fine public park with a "recreation ground," where there are bicycle races, tennis matches and cricket and football. At such sports, in which competitors from the Cape, Natal, and the Orange Free State take part, there are gatherings of thousands of spectators of both sexes, fashionably dressed. There are, of course, other thouNiinds of natives, Malays and Coolies. Similar contrasts are to bo Been on tho stroets and avenues, where trim American buggie3 and heavy lux urious victorias and landaus are mingled with primitive ox wagons. The climate of Johannesburg ia a delightful one. Although in tho sub tropica, it is 6,000 feet above tho level " of the sea and therefore temperate, The air is clear and bracing and has a fine tonic quality. In midsummer the days are warm and sometimes almost hot, but the nights are refreshingly cool. In winter there are a few frostv days, but seldom any use for over coats. Indeed, the climate of the whole Transvaal is most agreeable, and the soil fertile. Almost all kinds of grain, vegetables and fruits can be raised there in perfection. The coun try is well watered by numerous streams and rivers, and there is an ample rainfall in the summer to irri gate the whole country throughout the remainder of tho year, if it were only stored in artificial lakes as is done in India. Indeed, there are few regions in the world better adapted to be the home of man and to support in plenty a largo and highly cultured popula tion than this. New York Tribune. ; Arizona "Chicken Feed." ' "The men of Arizona have little re gard for money in small denomina tions. or what is termed 'chicken feed,'" said EE. D. King, of Phoenix, at the Coates, yesterday. "In the older states when a purchase is made, exact change is usually tendered, and one thing certain a bill is not broken if it possibly can be avoided. In our section any ordinary purchase is made simply by asking for the article, and when it is passed across the counter a piece of money ample large to cover the cost is thrown down. When change is made the customer careless ly drops it into his pocket, apparently without counting it, and goes out without oneo mentioning tlm cut of t hit artiek Hu cctt jiit a gmd a deal ft though ho hud ha;";.'lc I with tlm di-alcr fr hulf an hour. Thi cunt. .ia of throwing il u a lurr pine of money than iii lien usury i not followed, H4 a rule, t eihibit ihh, for In Arizona everybody La money. It in only to show apparent indi.T-rcnce, and in u nnuk of liberal ity. "It may bo said pennies havo no abiding place in Arizona, Kv n at tLo pot-oi!loo whero everything U up potted to bo equal Under, pennies two-cent and three-cent piece. are un known. Cbango is made to tho cent y the pout masters, but they do it with postage iitainp or postal cards. Nowhere tle aro odd pennies recog nized, even iu tho bank. A check for ft. OS would bo paid with a $5 bill without a word. Tho same is trno in all tho shops and stores; change is mado to tho nearest niekel, sometime to tho nearest quarter or dollar. Tho saying, 'Take euro of tho pennies Ac, don't go in Arizona buill change anything under n dollar in by most pcoplo valued only us trahh. " Kansas City Times. Interesting Story of an Old Bell. The old bell of St. John's Episcopal Church, Ellicottville, N. Y., has an interesting history. It hung origin ally in a monastery in Malaga, Spain. Tho monastery was sacked iu 1832, and this bell, with others was shipped to New York. Nicholas Devercaux, agent of the Holland Land Company, at Ellicottville, bought it aud sold it to St. John's Church. The inscrip tion on it -is as follows: "Abe soi abos del angel qve en alto svena Maria Oracia plena Burgas Mefeci Malaga 1708." The meaning of this was a mystery for a long time, until Bishop Coxe studied it, and said it was in corrupt Spanish, in which b was often used for v, and which changed many other letters. "Thus," he said. "abo" should be "uvo" and "labos" should bo "la vos." Tho inscription put in pure Spanish follows: "Ave (soi la voz del angel qve en alto sveno) Maria, plena gracio." Tho English translation he made thus: "Hail (I am the voice of the angel who on high stauds forth) Mary ! full of grace!" The last words, of course, mean "Bargas mado me, Malaga, 1708." Sneezed Her Teeth Out. Postoffico Superintendent of De livery Meeks has in his possession a set of false teeth. Tho pretty girl who lost them may reclaim them by applying to Clerk Quinn, One day early in tho week a well at- tired and extremely fascinating mai den btood in the front of a window in tho postoffice. She had a letter in ouo hand and a stamp in tho other. Just as she was moistening the latter with the tip of her tongue, a sort of tho-catsup-is-boiling-ovor expression came over her faco aud she sneezed.. Some thing rattled upon the tile floor of tho postoffice, and a bystander picked the teeth up, and, doffing his hat pre sented them to the loser. Tho pretty girl gave him a look that might have dazed even a Brooklyn trolley car and flounced from Uncle Sam's end of the municipal triangle. The teeth wero turned over to Su perinteudeut Meeks, and Clerk Quinn is now using them as a paper weight. New York Advertiser. Falling From the Suu to tho Earth. The philosophers have figured out some queer problems since the time of Horatio.but none of them are more curious or more appropriate in a de partment of this character than that relating to the amount of time it would take an objoct to fall from the sun or moon to our earth. It has been decided, after au immense amount of figuring, that if a bowlder weighing a ton should fall from the sun, it would take . it 99 years, 9 months,? days and two hours to reach the reach the earth. The same bowl der could make the trip from the moon to the earth in four and a half days. Premature Alarm. Wife What in the world do you want with a trombone? You know that the man dext door has driven us nearly wild by his performance on that instrument. Hubby Calm yourself, my dear. That's the one I've bought Harper'1 Bazar. "GOLDEN1 HORN." Most Interesting Strip of Water In tho WcrU. Thero Constantlnopln ruts, Ltko Ronn', On SuViu HilH Now that public attention jnso keen ly drawn to the aln ot amrch' stato of Turkey, the following particulars of t ho capital of tho ( Mtohiuti Empire w ill bo of interest : Byzilitiuin, Isbmiboul, or Constantinople, as tho place has been variously culled, in situated at tho jnnetiou of tho llosporni uu l the Sua of Marmora, and may bo said to bo composed of three distinct towns, viz: Stauibolll, 1 r:i-(i.iluU und Scutari. Tho two first named nre on the Eu ropean shore, Kiel tiro divided by tho rreek called tho (loldt-n Horn, while Scutari lies oi tlm Asiatic hide, and is separated from thiu by tho I'.oi.pho ru. tttauibo'il, or Constantinople proper occupies tno hit,! of ancient lSyzmtium, and, hue ancient Home, is built on seven hills. On tho tirst of these aro the Old Seraglio and the fa mous mosque of Santa Sophia. Stam boul lies on a triangular promontory washed by the waters of tho Golden Horn on the north, and by the limpid Sea of Marmora on the south, while the swift current of the Bosporus flows past its eastern front. Scutari, although a suburb of Con stantinople, is practically a separate town, the distance across the w ater,beiug about two miles. It largely resembles Stamboul, both externally aud inter nally, with its numerous mosques, its bazaars, public baths and manufacto ries. It will be remembered chiefly by English readers ou account of its hos pital having been used by tho Anglo French army iu the winter of 1851-5 and by reason of its beautiful English cemetery with its monument to the heroes of the Crimean campaign. Its population is now about 60,000, that of tho whole capital being about one million and a half. Stamboul is tho native city, and contains most of the government and I public buildings. Here aio situated, for instance, tho Sublimo Forte (a gateway of justice, from which tho Government of Turkey takes its name), tho War Office, the Seraglio, tho law courts, tho railway sta tion, tho custom House, the mosques of Santa Sophiajind count less others; the Mint and tho museums, tho Han Yeni, und tho Egyptian bazaars. Tho landward side of tho city of Stamboul is bounded by tho walls Theodosius, Jro built in 417 A. D., and now in a ruiu ons state. Fera-Galata is tho European or Christian town and the centre of busi ness, tho Imperial, Ottoman and other banks, tho Exchange, aud steamship and merchants' offices being in Galata. ! Most of tho embassies are situated on ; the hill of Fera. -The principal street i nf flincf anf insula tvlim. oil T?. pean shops are, is the Grande Rue do Fern, and tho next in importance is the lino Tepe Bachi, along which tho Fera-Galata trams run, and where the best hotels, tho British Embassy and tho Fetito Champs Municipality Gar dons are situated. Tho Yildiz Kiosk, where at present the Sultan resides, is practically in the country, about four miles from the Sublimo Forte. Thd palace is surrounded by barracks, where a largo force of tho Imperial Guards is quartered; and no strangers are allowed to enter tho fiates. The Goldon HornLa Home d'Or, Chryso Keras call it what you will, : the name of the classie waterway is i one with which to conjure. That its I greater glory is now gone is not to be j disputed ; that it still remains the most interesting strip of water in the world is as little to be denied. On one side of it rises a lordly line of mosques, those of Santa Sophia, Sul I tan Mahmond, Sultan Selim, Sultan Bajazet, of Sultan Mahamond, Con queror of the Christians who shall say how many more? Up tho heights on the further shore climb tho palaces of the foreign ambassadors, that cf Brit- ; ain, as is meet and right, standing above them all. Crouching down by the water's edge aro the Arsenal and the Ad' miralty, barracks and Custom Houses, prisons anct powder magazine; every one who wishes to pile up a block of Government buildings m-i it a ait for it ou tho hhore of tho Golden Horn. 1'ntil filly yeart m-o, thosn who i . .. . . ... winci i" rros in? Horn railr.l up a Kuik or aite I f.,r n fernhont; then itoccurit'd to Kultun Mahuioud II. that a permanent ny ini,;U bo nu ud vuntHfto. Accordingly ho munitioned tho Grand Adunrul no lest impor ant an official is custodian of tho Golden Horn an 1 bado him sen tlm thing should bo done, tho Sultan add in,'? m' ;inficaitly that ho meant io sur vey tl"j iindt rUking in person at a hpccilled date. Gnorgi, a Greek, took tho work in h md and did it well, an jis lord attested when tho way was baptized in tho liauio "Noossretva" (tho Benefaction. ) From sunset to sunrise throughout tho year it was do lured that this bridge should reniuia open, while during tho Feast of F.ha- iiiuziin freo passa;;o is allowed throughout tho night, that tho fol- owers of Allah may visit tho mosques at their ow n times. St. James's Bud get. ( hiukdiee Bear Killing, rrobubly tho most uncommon way of bear catching which is pursued regularly is that which is in vogue among the Chuckchee Indians in tho Kamschatkan peninsula. The captain of a whaler who had gone ashore at Oiutarsk to trado, and had investi gated the Chuckchee method of bear killing, told this story about it when. he got back to civilization: "The Kamschatkau bear is a Luge brown fellow, oftou weighing over 1,000 pounds, and he is very ferocious and hard to kill Such an animal is invulnerable to the small darts which are tho Chuckchee's missile wcapous, and it is necescary to cripple him be fore closing iu with spears. These bears inhabit ground which is covered with dense thickets, through which they have paths and runways. The runways are impenetrable to man ex cept to crawl on bauds and knees. To circumvent the bear the Chuckchee takes two pieces of board about six inches long and three inches long, through which ho bores numerous holes. Through tho holes in each piece he puts long iron nails with their points sharpened. Then, placing the backs of the pieces of the wood together.he lashes them with thongs, thus leaving the sharp ends of the nails projecting on each side. This curious implement of hunting, he lays in tho runway where tho bear tracks aro thickest, lightly covering it from view. "Presently the bear comes along, his great forepaws covering each a square foot of surface, and almost to a certainty ho plants ono foiepaw on tho nails, which penetrate aud hurt him. Rising upon his hind legs he raises the paw to which tho boards are fastened by tho nails, looks at it, and seeking the thing that has hurt him, he strikes at it with his other paw to knock it off, thereby driving the nails from the Bide he hits into that paw. Thoroughly angry, he now now hauls off and strikes with the first paw that was pierced and the nails again penetrate that. So he goes on striking with one paw aud the other, driving the nails deeper and deep iqto the flesh, until, exhausted with pain and rage, he sinks to the ground. Hi3 paws are now so sore that ho cannot travel far, and ns far as he goes he leaves a trail of blood behind him. Discovering this, the Indians follow him up and with their spears de spatch him. Why the Spaniards Conquered. When Jean Jacques Rousseau in his "Nouvelle Heloiso" said, "When first I saw South America, that vast conti nent conquered by Europeans, because there was no iron there," Rousseau's surmise was but true in part The main reason why the inhabitants of South America were so easily van quished by the Spaniards was because the aborigines had but few animals lilted for domestication. Had tho horse been found in Old Mexico or Peru.the mailed Spaniard would have found his task more diffionlt "From the point of view of the student of domesticated animals," writes Profes sor Shaler, "the races of men may well be divided into those which have and those which have not the use of the horse." The horse has been then, a leading factor in civilization. New York Times. 1113 0KQWT1I WAS (STUNTED. A liii vviiosk imim tun- urcr.r Tfc fM )f lir( TkanttM lrnf K rfc.lnJ,ti ftr I'n.ilKj -A Tra Mor Thai I.Ik rirtloa. JYotn Wi 0,wl', D.trU-n, Cn. A Oairiis r.rtrr hating ImirJ thut 'Jtfr. rh' O. Ttiamrri, who Utiw about ill ttn mil from lrl, Iim4 txwn Krntlf tiMr.!.l bj thn ti ft Ir. William.' TuH nil, ralloj njioo httn las', wetk ta leau to Jrit.'ulani of ht cu T. Mr. Ttiim.vn U a yonnjr man of atoat twatr oti. (rrtBi th rport-r or aa1 -jrk frljr aboot hi fa.'wi. "Toa woul.In't think that I hal Utn H for lKtitn ym, wouU you?" altd h, and ib rwjmrt-r, aftr sotWuir bis utron, h-1thT frm, tn ru.Wy htw of hi, ohnoki and torlly (.In! wart apfrcfi, wu fors4 to .1mlt that no on would thlok ao. "Well. Ml tnll yoo," Ml t Mr. Thorn oa, 'from tho time of my btnti until thr- yni sko, I nov-r hi w4l tUy. My rma lnt m mosh iui their llm!td man oould aflord to rwor my hrniltn, but with bo arall. I netr rrew vwrv murh, and whn I wlphlu I looked lik a boy of iwelT. 1 bad no tryy, no str-nkth. It was a n.ird tak for mi to mo about. Iwaitbln and t'nW RhaMly In fact. I ufTr-d (traily Irom h-a.u.'h, and wss r(irly frnj from ihm. 1 had no urir ellte and never enjoyed my food. "You may wnll Imnfrm that In th. fn-a ot .Ml this Ufa ww a tmr lxu to inn. Many a time I tboiiKbt I'd b tttrdadand wished that I mlfc'ht t lakn. Iwetoro "med to do me no Rood. They said my rasu wna on ot 'arr-rtled development ' and proscribed, tonlca, but thlr indloin had no effort upon ma. I jjrw wker and waktr. At last, thrw ywwniaRo, Itx-n to take Dr. Williams1 I'lnk rilla. From the tlrnt boi I took I b Kan to Improve. I have tnkn irtrcB then about two dor.an box- of the pllU. with tb result that you ee. My apptlt in pxcrllent. I am very maoh utrung-ir than I wan, and never hare hdache any more. Ia the part three yek-a I hue grown more than I did la the first eljrhtewn yrara of my life put to gether, and J fully rmlleye I owe my cure to Dr. Williams' link I'll! a. 1 owe theui a dtt lean ne-er repay." Mr. Thompson thon Introduced the re porter to hla parents, who are both strong and healthy looklnc. They fully bore out the young man's statement la evry particu lar. "If you had seen my son three years ao, when he was a ph-faoed, llHtleaa wreok," said hla mother, "you would reallw how Rreat a ohanjre baa been ma'le ia bia health by Dr. Williams" rink rill," Dr. Williams' Tink rills for rale Peopl are now rivn to the public as an unfailing blood builder and nerve reetertr, earing all forma ot weaknena arising from a watery edition of the btood or shattered nenren. The pills are sold by all dealers, or will be ont poet paid on receipt of price, 60 oents a box, or six boxen for f 2. 50 (they are never sold In bulk or by the 100) by a tdreaslng Dr. Williams' Medlolne Company, SuUeaoo tdy. N. . A Mechanical Horror. Machinery, a monthly journal, pub lished at Johannesberg, Bouth Africa, given an account of a most remarkable clock belonging to a Hindu prince, which the editor thinks the strangest piece of machinery in India. S'ear the dial of an ordinary looking clock is a large gong hung on poles, while underneath, scattered on the ground, is a pile of artificial humau skulls, ribs, legs and arms, the whole number of bones in the pile being equal to the number of. bones in twelve human skeletons. When the hands of the clock indicate the hour of 1, tho num ber of bones needed to form a com plete human skeleton come together with a suop, by some electrical con trivance the ekeleton springs up, seizes a mallet, and walking up to the gong, strikes one blow. This finished, it returns to tho pile rd again falls to pieces. When 2 o'e ock, two skeletons get up, and strike, wmio at the hours of noon and miduight the entire heap springs up in the shape of twelve skel etons, and strike, each one after the other, a blow on the gong, and then falls to pieces, as before. About Population. Georgia has gained about 800,000 population in the thirty years ending with 1890, Alabama nearly 000,000, South Carolina about 450,000, and Louisiana about 500,000. Nowhere can a southern state be found which has decreased in population or made the Blow progress of Maine and Ver mont. These statistics mean something. They mean that the poople of the northeast and northwest are tired of blizzards and droughts. They are seeking homes in sections where the conditions of existenco are more fav orable. Already they are sending large eolonies southward, and the wiping out of sectionalism will bring millions of them here. The next de cade will see a big tide of immigration pouring into the south. Atlanta Con stitution. A sprinkling of freshly-ground cof fee will keep game sweet for several Suva Pumice Stone Life Boats. In England trials have been made with a lifeboat made of pumice stone, which a report, made by the light house board, states to be most satis factory. Not only is the material of great lightness and strength, but is easily worked into any shape. The boat remains afloat and will support quite a load even when full of water. The parts are made interchangeable, and when a part is injured the simple loosening of a bolt enables the repair er to remove it and put in another. The London Electrical Engineer ftateB that a certain November fog in London cost, in gas and electrio light, accidents, delays and damages, $500,-000.