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1-1 HUNG CHANG.
1 t ctiof Interest About tho Great Chinaman. Ho Co uli 1 Havo Mad.i Htm'5;;lf Emp.-ror of China. Perhaps two ir three tnuos day, beu Li Hung Chung i at homo in his palace at Tiuu-Tniu, Li son, Lord Li, who acta a bis siscretiiry, brings tho Viceroy omo state dueuuieut which ueeiMUIU hit taking thti brush and India ink uxod for writing in China til rnpidly painting hi elongated signature at tho top left-baud corner. This palace, iu which the greater part of tho work of running the Chi iicao Empire it doue, ia remarkable. It ha iittu described Incorrectly us being furnished ia tho W intern style. An a fuct, every apartment iu tha itu nenfl collection of buildings but ono is in ChiiH'io fuBhiou. This hiutflo room is known m tho "foreign reception chumber. " Every thing in it is foreign except ft Chinese divan. Circular hof.it of the latent pattern, gorgeous tiiMt r it-s and gilt furniture give ti ii apartiueut tho ap pearance of hnvmg bueu transported ia its eutin ty from a Fifth aveuua maniou. Thero is eveu an artitio fireplace instead of the porcelain stove univerhal iu China. It ia here that tha Viceroy enter tains distinguished foreigu visitors. Ou the walla aic oil paintings of Arm strong, tho ship builder; Krupp, tho gunruaker ; the famous Chinese Gor don and Li himself. When ona of Li's sous comes in and chats to the visitor iu correct English or French the caller's surprise is complete. American visitors to the Viceroy were surprised at his knowledge of politics iu their own country. Thefirst quention he usually asked waB, "Are you a Democrat or a Republican?" and then spoke of affair here in a wsy that fchowed extraordinary familiarity with the system of government. Ho is particularly inquisitive aa to the amount of corruption in politics iu w hat he calls "Ta Ma Que" "tho great American country." How ever, he cannot look dow n upon any corruption here. The system in China is the perfection of extortion and bribery. The atnouut of Li'a fortune is known only to himself. He is probably ono of the richest men in the world, and owns immense amounts in Western securities. All thismpney has been accumulated by the use of every opportunity his position gives him. to the uttermost extent. A mandarin, wishing even to speak with the Viceroy, must first pay a. fee, and there is a scale of charges for every concession. Too much blame oannot be attached to Li for thus making use of his chance to enrich himself. It is the reoognizod Chinese system and no odium is attached to it there, Indeed, the whole government ia one vast machine of corruption, from Emperor to the lowest servant of a mandarin. It is little kuown that Li, had he chosen, could have been Emperor of China. In 1887, when Prince Kung was retired in disgraoo, a bold coup -wonld certainly have placed the - v Viceroy, then at the height of his power, on the imperial throne. His' supporters were anxious that he should allow himself to be made Emperor, but, probably considering the daugers continually surrounding tho position, especially without tho prestige of right by birth, he refused, and placed the present Emperor, Kwang Hsu, on the throne instead. The blackest and most treacherous action in Li's life was tho beheading of the leaders of the Tae-ping rebel . lion. Theao men came to the Viceroy's camp by invitation to uegotiato terms of surrender. As soon as they were in his power he had all of them be headed. It is said that "Chinese" Oordon was so furious with Li that he armed himself with a revolver and hunted for him high and low, with tho avowed, purpose of taking his life. However, he relented, no doubt con eiSoring in cooler moments that Li was a Chinaman, and as such unable to understand Occidental ideas of honor. Orange growing is being abandoned o the peninsula of southern California. Abalinf nUanrr. Ona Milling pit. It dik night, wln o tho fttiimrphvro was fairly thick with tho stench of th oioti an I tho pecu liar luiiokr small cif th.i i tim et t i't alienee c a,.. I to b virtue ; d upair sent rue a sating apark of thought.and I aroKa from tU couch where I hud been almost muTueiitmg. Among my stores were aeveral square ruin of petroleum which a New York firm had xportml to Java, Each held about live or six gutloti. I punched n hole in tho bottom of two of tho cans and carrying one ia each ban l. I waikixl from my huiiHO through tho mnrket camp, between each am) every grobuk and wagon. Tho groiiud and tha sparso grans were 6lM!uteIy dry, parched by the heat, ;) that tho earth, absorbed lmrdly uny of tha precious fluid. Hav ing crus-iod and .rccrusod tho cpaco between the curt, I curried my empty cans back to my uoup,truck a match, and in Ichs than tiro minutes tho en tire camp was lighted by an eudlcst chain of (lame ; Hunhes of serpentine lire shot hither and thither a aceua never to bo forgotten. Tho effect of my pyrotcchnicdisplay waa thorough. Iu a space of tima so short that it could scarcely be confined to minutes, every karbou was bitched to its grolak, and suddenly curt, kar botis and natives hud disappeared as swallowed by the earth. Tha exodus was complete I was muster of the field, and patted myself on tho buck. When I told tho radanario iu tho morning of my stratagem and its suc cess, he derived as good a laugh from it as I had indulged in myself. Jean T. Van Oestel in Lippincott A Woman's Rights IJIrd. One of the most interesting spe cies of birds, says the London Daily Nows, is tha rednecked pbalarope, a beautiful bird, of which we see little in theso islands, but which is upon its native heath in tho arctic regions of America. It is especially remarkable because, as rarely happens among birds, tho female is larger and more brightly colored than her mate. Aud it is tho hen bird that does all tho courting. "Tho male," says Mr. El liot, "is as coy and retiring as tho most bashful . maiden, turniug away from the proffered attentions, first to this side, then to that, even flyiug to the opposite side of tho pool, or t: auother uear by ; but all iu vain, for he is followed by tho fair oue who has chosen him from his fellows.and thero is no escape. At last, liko any other poor bachelor so besot, he yields, and the nest, a slight structure of dry stalks, is placed in the center of a thick tuft of grass. The eggs are four in number. On theso tho poor male, a victim to woman's rights, is obliged to sit tho greater part of the time, the female amusing herself on the pool nenr by." His Blunder, A former minister to tho United States from Argentina found great difficulty in learning the English lau guage. "I make often many meestake," he said, "when I speak Americauo. I make bad blunder the last time I am received at the White House. A beau tiful lsdee tell me something which happeued in your civil war. She say she see it. Now, I think to myself, I will be polite und make , tho senora a grand compliment " 'It is impossible that you Bee it, madam,' I say. 'You must have been born many, many years beforo the war.' "All the time," ho added, "I meant after the war. But I-made a meestake I say before. No, the ladee was not pleased. See felt much contempt." Washington Star. As Old as Noah. Mr. Eeynolds is a bright and wel preserved old gontlemau, but to his little grauddaughter Mabel he seems verv old indeed. She had been sitting on his knee and looking at him seri ously for a long time one day, when she asked suddenly : "Grandpa, were you in the ark?" "Why, no, my dear," gasped her as tonished grandparent; Mabel's eyes grew large and round with astonishment. "Theu, grandpa, she asked, "why weren't you drowned?" Bewilderment of grandparent. I London Answers. THRKA INCOGNITA. Vast Sections of tho Olcbo Tha Arc- Still Uncipkretl Twenty Million Square Miles of Unknown Territory. It is the very natural supposition that thero i very littlo of tho world we live on that has not been explored by geographer, and that tho very little that yet remains to investigate is on tho African continent. And yet the fact is that about twenty milliou iquaro miles of this earth's surface is yet a terra incognita, one-tenth of which is on our own continents of North and BoutU America. Tho Cosmos, published in Pari, has an article on this subject which gives a snyopsis of an addren by Mr. Lobley boforo tho London Geographi cal Congress lust month, that brings out this interesting quebtion very clearly. Mr. Lobley reminds us Unit, in tho first place, toward tho middle of tho sixteenth couturv all seas had been traversed by navigators, and that if tho maps of tho continents were not yet very exact at least their relative ositions and their general configura tion were known. Australia itself np- ears on a French uinp of 1512 under tho name of Great Java. In the courso of sixty years included iu the ast decade of tha fifteenth century and tho first half of the sixteenth a group of navigators had advanced geographic knowledge in a degree that has never been reached in any other period so bhort Sebastian d'Elano had made his first voyage arouud tho world; Vasco do Gama had doubled the Capo of Good Hope ; Christopher Columbus had added the two Americas to tho map; the voy ages of Cabot, of Magellan, had com pleted this wonderful list of new dis coveries. Today.ontside of the Tolor regions, wo must confess that all tho seas have been explored, but this is far from be ing tho case with tho laud. An im mense txteut is entirely unknown to us ; auother, btill more considerable, has been only imperfectly explored; travelers have traversed it, commerce has exploited some of its produqts.but good maps of it don't exist. Finally, only tho least part of it is well known ; geodesy has covered it with a network of triangles, and tho maps of it are complete even from a topographical standpoint. After tho two Polar rogions, which have remained inaccessible, Africa is the part of the world of which we have tho least information. Notwith standing the general scramble among European nations to divide np and possess the land.they havo only a vaguo idea of what tha continent contains, over 6,500,000 square miles being yet unexplored. After Africa, Australia offers tho vastest field to the investigation of ex plorers; wo must remember that eveu its seacoast was not fully explored till 1813. Since that time, at the price of great suffering, it has been crossed from south to north, but no traveler has yet traversed it from east to west. While tha North American conti nent has been very well explored, tho whole central region of tho southern continent has not been mappod with any uegreo ot accuracy, bomo por tions of it havo beeu roamed over by. men hunting for wood, mines and articles of commerce, but vory littlo is known of tho interior of tho conti nent. To sum np, tho yet unexplored parts of the globe cover an area of about 50,000,000 hquaro kilometers (about 20,000,000 square miles), ap proximately divided thus: Africa ..6,500.000 Australia 2,000,000 America. 2,000,000 'Asia .200,0d0 Islands '....400,000 Aretlo rogions. 3,600,000 Antarctic regions 5,300,000 Total 20,000,000 Longefity. Elijah Glenn has just passed his one hundredth birthday.. He is one of the thirteen survivors of the war of 1812, and is as cheerful ns a cricket, with the prospect of uiauy years ahead of him. Some sciential tefl ns that it is pos sible for the average man to cover a century, and tho won b-r i that n few try tho ripet nut nt. M.n of tin itnm blo along through fifty or s.xty rears, carrying a kal of rliOiuuaUnu and gout, whdo a uleitder minority aro young at three score, healthy at four score and tn, and not very old or very feeble when they pans tha cen tury tuiio ton. Kvery country in Europe produce! goodly number of centenarians, but tho crop is largest in Eoutuania, where it is siid ono man in every thousand celebrates his one hundredth birthday. Ono hundred aud twenty.five years constitute an exceptional ago, but even ono hundred and fifty have iu several instances been reached. Tho uervesare what do the business for us, and we Americans wear our nerves on tha outside, where every blast irritates them. Worry makes ns o!d,but how can one help worrying ia a political campaign like this. Homo time, perhaps, wo shall take life more easily, and then wo shall livo without wear or tour, and there fore live till wa co to pieces liko Holmes' "one boss shay." Without doubt tho ideal limit is a century aud a half, but, as iu ull other instances, tho ideal is hard to attain. New York World. .Uallroad Men Superstition. "Tho belief of railroad men in ghosts is proverbial, but it is really strango to see how thoroughly the su perstition pervades all ranks aud how firmly fixed it becomes in the miuds of men," said Robert Iukton, of Har- risburg, Fenn., at tho Ebbitt. "Now, I ain an old railroad man myself, yet it surprises mo at every turn to see how each section of railroad in tha country has its own particular ghost story, which has entire credence with every man on tho lino. The Pittsburg branch of the Baltimore and Ohio, on which I traveled recently, has a curi ous legend with a ghost attached. "It is the fixed belief of every man ou tha line, that whenever there is to bo a fatal accident a spectre engine appears on tho track in the vicinity of its scene. Tha phantom engine al ways goes just ahead of the one from which it is seen, aud, bo it is said, many an engineer has reversed his lever in mortal fear of a collision, only to see tho engine ahead disappear when he has como to a full stop. Then tho engineer becomes uneasy, for ho knows, or thinks he knows, that some oue on tho road is euro to meet with a snddeu und violent death before long. He does not sleep soundly un til ho hears of a fatal accident. Then he again breathes freely, for he knows that tho prophecy has been fulfilled, Washington Times. An American Flag of Girl. Fifty years ago tho American flag was raised over the port of Monterey, Cal., aud it thus became a United States seaport instead of a Mexican town. The town's semi-centennial was fittingly celebrated a short time ago, aud the place was crowded with victors. One of tho most beautiful of the ceremonies was the formation of "Old Glory" by arruugiug two hundred girls in appropriate costumes. , The red and white stripes of the living flag were mado of gowns of those colors. The blue field was similarly secured. and the white stars were plaoed ou top of immense flat-topped hats which the girls wore. When the two hundred girls lifted their voices to aiug "Tho Star Spang led Banner" tho applause awoke the echoes of the hills surrounding Mont erey and drowned the music for sev eral minutes. The Popular Idea of War. The popular idea of war is largely based upon tho popular history, the war.correspoudent'f, and tho Gener al s report, in which, for obvious reasons, thero is seldom a revelation of the true horrors of the engage ment. Our fancy, our imagination is fired by the picture of magnificent charges, of prancing horsemen, of gleaming bayonets, of heroic episodes, and we flatter ourselves that on such un occasion we ourselves should per form with credit. Ave see little of tho dusty, yelling, hunger-stricken, blood-stained line of men who win the battle. Fortnightly Review. The now Chicago directory has 517,- 122 names. I k I n ; Out Oi Curvr. 'Well, duelt.r, what lue?" ai I Sprocket! after tha phjbiaim hl nu U an rxaiuimtixu. "You I i vo le ey c! it la r i ti rn k t i hi replied tha physician, but I tiiluk I can iraij.htn you out." Paubui t Chronicl-T!eg?pb. ttrrw t4 mrnr I baa a )a To l.rnii l!iin Ih.ii(. ! tli)a m f 111(1 ( a till liiln( ticn 1 1. t priH ...) miiU aJ r rrntrlif In a i -t.iiau tn ). w r Km (brrl (linn r u rm t.av fint ,, nl Hi al t ((!, ai,nllr hailhfiil Uni,UM H liaiiiafi tyt'aiu ar Mil wrni lit 1) anriiii J vl"'nl mri, and I hut thime r t matt hit ary mli inn hi, a are rnjr.. ir. Hiiiilr' M(m( h Hit tr . Ilinn !iif of llia-a, ldiM.iia. a 1 lx,u of uUtiu.ia Jiaraelrr, I oinUrUl Vf 11. Nclt Tr ! tha r- iitrniil il of tha tot t' r tit, willed flrnl tania Into rumnmn U In l arln In I ''). flats bm-a rait j thousands of luffurcrs from impure blood, and their vsrllit has ttl.J tha tirftloa of tha grtat eura!is power of IJijod'i Barsaparl!!. Y.rry mail ear br!ug ia tha ltlor of pralsa fur Hood's Barsaf ftriHa. They tell tha sam wonderful story of bu!lh rntur.J, pain au I ufTrtn rtilv, and bai iilae brought back. They rrot Sarsaparilla Inthntx-nt In fact tha Ona True Wood purlfler l3nA1 DiIIa nr" 'l Mvr Ills and nCSQ S r IllS Mc k lUa.laehe. 25 cent.. Womeu Mads Itecelvers. For the first time in tho history of New York state court", women were ap pointed receivers a few days ago in "lpplementary proceedings in insol vency. The appointments was made by Jus tice McLean, in the state superior court, and are three in number, being Mi Rosalie Leow, Mrs. E. S. Werner, and Mrs. Anita narjgerty, all members of the rew York bar. The amounts involved in theie proceedings are small, and the bonds of the fair re ceivers were fixed by the court at $100 each. Twentieth Century is Dawning. In a breach of promise suit an Indi ana court has decided that it is not so bad to damage the affections of a wid ow as it is to tr;fla with the heart of a young woman who has never known love. A Dan el come to judgment! The courts are rnniust more practical every day. Bt ffjlo Express. JOYS OF MATE11NITY. VIGOROUS MOTHERS AND STURDY CHILDREN ADMIRED. WTiy so Many Women Are Cliildleas A Problem That lias I'uzzled l'liynicUue l " . Reproduction is a law of nature, and no picture of joy and happiness can qual that of the vigorous mother and her sturdy child. Nature makes but few mistakes, and every thoughtful person must admit that a - yAx ( cause exists, . rSK 'hy so many women are childless. The subject baffles the theories of phy sicians. Such cases are curable f nine times out of ten, as evidenced by thousands of ti letters on file at jjf Mrs. Pinkham's of- 1 nee. Many a dar ling baby owes its J existence to Mrs. H Pinkham's advice and the Vege table Compound. This is not to be wondered at when such tes timony as the following1 explains itself; I have taken three bottles of your Vegetable Compound, one package of Sanative Wash, one box of Liver Pills; and now I have a dear little babe four weeks old, and I am well. I have to thank you for this. 'I have spent $300.00 for doctor's bills without obtaining any relief. For my cure I only spent $5.00. ' I had been a Tietim of female troubles in their worst form; suffered untold agonies every month; had to stay in bed, and have poultices applied, and then could not stand tho pain. My physician told me if I became pregnant I would die. I had bladder rouble, itching, lw ache, catarrh of the stomach, hys teria ' and heart trouble, fainting V Ck" spells and lou- r-. -J T corrhcea. . Can v5 w4iV you wonder that I sing the praises of a medicine that has cured me of all these ills?" Mrs. Geo. C. Kihcuseb, 372 Belmont Ave., Brooklyn, N.Y. ii Uf i fU AMI I H I'M II! 1 l