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Bill ARP'S WEEKLY LETTER.
tl, 1 1 - ' V. V i i 1 I M i... t r- v 7 SUlt'J M l.-.'At K. IV i t I v - r V,'i t!y lit Canidin, Trnn. 9 ,i I 0 . . 1- Jl imnnilll ii. rijatMtll, Mktlr. a. I I V r i , iM -IVMi OMIl'M TMUN r. y ! . ill ;. I II I 1 I i t III 111 f thi: CHRONICLE. r;r a - s i ' I ii 'f i ( Inr. I'm ut' l. it Cil i II 1 i (' I I, I I u a ! ' ' for k! . " i. I A4. r . j . i i a I ' T it ( ll.i'l,! ! , '.1 I ll I :, J,, l.i.HI I I 1 ' . i .ik n i.l Ii.. ri.i:j,'l.v , o nf l .11.11 fur. r.,.'.r i, ri.!. Lb ohrfi f 3 ii ytr in.!1. w.il i . 141 i r I, ,t .lug tVf .t ar tVttvla-a, an I ; t ) Will I furu'.h'j4 ui. o-jr t iiv I.,: ,. k l.i i ,i ! ,. ii. i.,ii'iiiiincMr.r nl trdow im !)" .i.ttf jullo Intiiril a- u!lL'itl, bm i '.!.- .1 t- ; ni, I. i -y f.ir ipr-iMOin n li'il in all auuti cK-lvl k. U.(;U..tl ami ar .; t .l e I. IV i.i in. rtii to ti, 1i lii ail'ua wuTt t).i u ff f .Ii .; ali I'-adttaniH tj t at at 0 i i f a:i,. r. I'(.t&.;i Uri, (,( and imvm l ipi.ri ii .1 1 iii will la irniToJ In urn fc'lii' I. an ft, rr;Ts.!iyl i.t utv aoi.t in aiiuii i-t., k io ii-vvi,1 Ijie.n k'I'J.iiik tncniiii r. A, I r-tiiif,.i.cra ami t:,,i,Oi. O'iiiUiUiilcaliuiil 1,.U.J 1, am', io TRAVIS EhOS, Publishers. Campk., I rsx. a. - '. ' i IiDITORIAL XOIKS. 1 The Rev. Pr. Barrows, of Chicago, faid in a recent lecture: "The time will come, before two centuries have assed, hru the centre if the uni verse will Im at the mouth of the Hud fum, or nmro probably on tho south vest shores of Lake Michigan, instead of on tho Thumps." Th Mdhodisis of tho world em- piy l-r.M i,0fK) ministers, besides local rs. The membership is about four millions aud about four millions mora atlc:i:l their Huu luy-schools nnl flro monihoiM of tho l!p worth League. Neatly fourteen liiillions ar in.struoteil every week in tho truths of the gospel ly Mctho.li-'t societies. t A lor.p; time has passcl f,iuce Xnpo Icon declared that Ihirope must he como citlier repuhlicun or Cossack; and Europe is neither the one nor the other. Yet' there is a hase of truth underlying the brigand-Emperor's epi gram. In nil Wef-tf rn Europe democ racy has made tremendous strides since England put tho loser of Water loo on his rock of St. Helena; and the first general census of Russia, just taken, shows that the population of the iCzar's dominions exceeds 129,000,000 souls. With the growth of constitu tional institutions in other lands the Slav has increased his feature. Rus aia to-day has two ind one-half times the population of (lorniuny and more than three times the population of Franco or the United Kingdom. There is no single Tower on the Continent it is doubtful if there are any two Towers that could whip her, main tains the Commercial Advertiser, if Russian armies were led with a fair degree of ability and provided with an efficient commissariat department. .The London Times publishes an ex haustivo account of the remarkable exploration in northern Babylonia of the llayncs University of Tennsyl vania expedition, which for five years has been excavating the great mounds of Nuffar, the site of the ancient city of Nippur, the aacred city of Mullil, or the older Bel of the Semites. They form, says the Times, the greatest dis coveries of modernjtimes carrying the history of civilization back to an an tiquity never thought of. Here is one suggestive passage: "In the face of this evidence from Nippur we may have to reconsider the question of Chaldean influence on Egypt, and possibly reverse the old theory that tho tower of Urgur rests upon a mas sive brick platform of crude brick. Excavations conducted below revealed the existence of a second pavement of much finer construction built of kiln burnt bricks of great size, the dimen sions being fifty centimeters square and of great thickness. Nearly all of these bricks were inscribed, aud bore the stamps of Sargon I. and Naramsin, his son, and their date, therefore, is just one thousand years prior to tho buildings of Urgur, namely, B. C. 3800. The priority of Chaldea in the use of the keystone arch is clearly es tablished by further explorations of fieven metres below the pavement of Urgur, and 4.57 metres below that of Naramsin. Since there were no great temples to- crumble into ruin, it must have taker, many centuries to build op the great mass of debris found there. The estimate of from 1500 to 2000 years before the timo of Sargon jdoes not seem too high." 1 . i:i;o!:s i mdkv or mission, a i: v rt ii i n t oi:i;i rn n. co:-:e A!,cor geopg'a history. Il.trlow 'I ill of I lit- Intiitilfi lipo- I Ir in fit I n O : i In k I ml Inn Io I rmi" I lip SI iW. Tli:it is a pretty and pathetic Mmy thut my voting ine'id Tied (iovmi v 1 1 it e about the misi.o iiiy, i T.ut l. r, and his if,. No doubt but thut it is founded on f i"t, and he probably pi his data from home very old iniiii who Mill lives near (Vo-m i!!e, n littl villa;.'!' t el o miles below Rome. I win interested iii tho Moiy. because when 1 win a la 1 that numt Dr. Butler was impt i -'oiied in the county jail at Lav. renceville, w h"re toy father lived. Another missionary, by the name, of Worcester, was imprisoned with him, nnd their oll'enso was their refusal to take tho oath of allegiance to the stato of (leorgia or othrrwi.su to leavo tho Cherokee nation. They wore suspected of using their unrluence. to render the Indians dissatisfied with the treaty thut required them to go west. John Howard Tayno, the author of "Home, Sweet Home," was also a suspect, nnd v. as arrested and taken to Millodge ville to bo examined. Those were hot times in (leorgia, especially north (leorgia, for (iwinr.ett was n border county, and we children could almost (lee Indians squatted among tho chin quapin bushes or behind the trees on the road to the mill. Wo knew they were just over tho Chattahoochee river. and that some white people over there had been murdered by them. Indians were us much a terror to us as ghosts and runaway negroes. The new gran ite jail h'ld just been completed, nnd nine Indians were the first prisoners. They all escaped within a week. They took up a stone in the floor nnd bur rowed out like moles or rabbits. I never hoard until Govan wrote it that Butler w as dragged to Millodge ville with a rope around his neck, nor am I prepared to believe that much of the story. lie and Worcester were arrested at New Echota (in Gordon county) aud brought mounted to Law renceville and tried before Judge Clayton, who was Mrs. Henry Grady's grandfather, a learned, humane nnd incorruptible judge. They had the best of local counsel, Elisha Chester, also a native of Connecticut, ami they had the renowned William Wirt as an adviser, aud they had the president, John Quincy Adams, on their side. John Marshal, he chief justice of the supreme court, issued his mandamus to compel Judge Clayton to release the prisoners, but he refused, and a collis ion seemed inevitable between the United States and the state of Georgia I think that Mr. Govau's informant is mistaken, for Butler had lots of friends powerful friends and John Ross, the chief of the Cherokees, was back ing him. Doubtless he was a good man. but he was stubborn and fanati cal, and declared he owed no alle giauce except to the American board of foreign missions, and to God that it was his duty to teach Christianity to tho Indians, and he would continue to do so. Both these men were convicted and sentenced to the peuitentiary for four years. W hen they arrived at Mil ledgeville Governor Lumpkin kindly advised thein to take the oath or agree to leave the state, and if they would do either ho would at once pardon them. They refused and wrote to the board of missions for advice. That board commended their refusal ani again urged Wirt and Sargeant to resort to the supreme court. But these emi nent lawyers advised an acceptance of Governor Lumpkin a offer, do they accepted and were pardoned and my father always said they returned to Connecticut. He knew them and had many conversations with them, and gave them good advice, for he, too, was a IS ew England man. And "hence I am surprised to learn from Mr. G van that Butler returned to his mis sionary work and died near Coosaville and was buried by the side of his wife. In fact, I never knew betore that he had a wife; but, of course, the inscrip tion on her tombstone settles that. Mr. Govan gives Butler the Christian name of Elouez, but the records in the state archives show his name as he himself signed it to be Elizur. It is, however, an interesting and pathetic story aud very great men figured in it, both state aud national. The conflicts between the state and the Cherokees and the United States continued for 1'2 years and ended only with the exodus of 183S. Several treaties were made made only to be broken. Ross and Ridge, ihe two chiefs, could never agree upon terms, aud they had their followers. When Georgia ceded Alabama and Missis sippi to tho United States iu 1802, the consideration was that tho United States should extinguish the Indians' title and remove them beyond the Mississippi river. Tho federal gov ernment was bo slow in trying to do this that after waiting aud urging aud , HI I ; III. ir It M Ii.' 1 I1H, ,'ll I i I 1 1 I O , V !-et .in," ..'.'.V III t'l ! 1 1 i k s i t Mill I ( I l I I tl the ( ii fi i in ( !i..ir."..i. Iii h.o!. ,t i !. villi ..I ma.! 'Hi r the l( i n.'i!- v i t'.'nl tl. inn' tl... i' ii .Iiiines .In, ko:i hoi tiiiiiU. Ci. i !..-, who, i.ft. r they h.. tlril' V, coll 1 1 1: He I their ill Mi l hi' llpbt ,i;d. d tli. iil nil f ru ard n h l of amount ing to jf 1 lo fioO, w hi, la';. 1 I.iom tl ! I , i II " , h he niid OH' M,ne tiny Inll't j ii v. "Give ii 1 li i r," Klid the chief, "Mi d I Will Hiiiko a Iii'gT iii'Miiiut r;'.iiio-t y"ir peoplo than thiit.'' Rat Governor Troup and Gilmer nnd Lumpkin ha I tho moid serious troubles, and their eoinp lirutions broiieht in I residi'iit Adams, nnd Jaehson, John Mur.hull, JomjIi Story, Willni'ii Wirt, John l'oisythe, Andrew l'iekrns. General Scott and Getielul Gainrs nil of whom took an active part in the nejft;atioiis. This General Gaines wus n friend nnd military ompaiiion of Gem rnl Arnlrew .lacksoii iu tho liniiau wars. h:kI was the husband of Mva Clark Gaines, who had the long nnd famous hiwsiiit ainst the city of New Orleans. I ' ut Gaines, iu Georgia, was named r him, and I suppose that Gain- vil o was nl so. Then there wcro many ixitablo fn- lians and haltbreeds, m h as John loss and Alex MoGillivrav. WilliH.n Mclnt-.f h, ( hilly Mcintosh, nil of Scotch descent. Tho devolidelits of the R.'-s family nod tho Mcintosh i:n:!y are loiiiiiiieiI i: the ('hero- i nee I'ation, und still lire lenders 1 n the tribes. They are all well edu- : ated, and I am not afraid to say that he Mcintosh gills are the mod beau- j tiful specimens of womanhood 1 ever saw, that is to say, except some. Moorti'i Lalla Rookh was n t to bo compared to them. They are the only hallbreed children I met in the nation who did not have an excess of high J cheekbones. Now, although tli:o Cherokees, l.",('il)) in nu ml er, went west nninst their will and 4,000 of them died on the way, yet it was a good move for them und they made a good trade S5,01I0,()(H) aud 7,000,000 acres of land the finest lands on the conti nent, beautifully wooded and watered, nnd what is worth still more, they live in peace with the outside world. Here they vv ere always in conflict not only with the whites, but with themselves, for they had two chiefs who did not work in harmony, for one xvas a Scotchman and the other was not. Sidney Smith said that Scotchmen were generally right, but when wrong were the wrongest people in the world and no argument could turn them. The word "scotch," "scotch the wagon," came from their stubborn ness. But they were true to faith and to principle. Every signer of the Mecklenburg declaration of independ ence in 1775 xvas a Scotchman, or as they are now generally called, "Scotch Irish," that is, Scotchmen xvho removed to tho north of Ireland. It is very strange that so many of them came to this wild country and mingled with the Indians and married their daugh ters. There were the Rogers brothers on the Chattahoochee who took Indian wives. They xvere good men, good citizens and xvell educated. My wife xvheif a girl used to visit their girls and was fond of them. You can tell a Scotchman as far ns you see them, for they all have auburn or light hair and bluo eyes and florid complexions and are generally tall and straight. I don't believe that George Adair is full blood on both sides, though he has all of their good qualities except their re ligion. I am only a half-breed my self, which is all the better for my wife, for as it is she con make me do as she pleases and I can make her do as she pleases, too, so it's all right and peace reigns in the household. Bill Abp in Atlanta Constitution. Scientific Cutting. Men of science sometimes make ex traordinary demands upon the skill of instrument-makers. An interesting illustration is furnished by the instru ment called tho "microtome," tho purpose of which is to cut excessively thin slices, or sections, of various sub stances, such as animal cr vegetable tissues, for mierepie oxaniination. Microtomes have recently been inven ted, w hich, it is claimed, can cut suc cessive sections each only one twelve thousandth of an inch thick. The edge of the knife which makes such cuts 'appears perfectly smooth aud straight when magnified fifty times. The Earth Always Quaking. The severe earthquakes recently re ported may cause another outbreak of earthquake prophesying. It may be xvell to remember that the earth is quaking all the time, so the prophet always hits the nail somewhere; but the chance of death by earthquake is for these settled regions of the globe much less than accidents while sitting around the evening meal. Philadel phia Press. V iltirul I .onuelim. O f th.t 1 ' t eo -s l.iu is fi e !i ei.ciii.it.. r ji'.i 'e r. r !! 1'ro- tho juice fi'oi.i i lr..!iiv c it r 1 1 en 'ii i i'.ar. I'll- by in. an of a o. !! ,"i 1 i.ro !,ir. l'u t j ei 1 the eui iiiiili. r h:i I then rut it into emu!!, thick pi.- ab..:it t!n .' "f line, Tim oiicewid tln-'i bi ontiy i.Ui-i ed I'Ut bf tin tins of the petle. l.a'.he th" face with thistwicn a day. It Will llld (Teilt'y i-i keepin;' t!io skiu siiioot'i nnd s.ift, &s Tho I.i. ly. But termilk is aiiotliei- h.trml.'SH C'Minetic, eqiecially vu'unble in a provt ntio of, I or remedy f ir euiihiirn. l'l eh!y dis j tilled rose or elder lliwir water i ! niust refreshing as a sii.iplo wash fir ! the face, especially in warm weather. j Twn f ,nn. "What is the dilT. -retieo," aiksn jH-r-plexod young lou'roli, "bttwcell a ! uuro'n iipioii and that worn by a waitress?" "The former," replies a i person w ho know s. "is mab of two I full widths of white cambric or lawn, it has a wide hemt itohe 1 hem nnd j long, wide htri'.ig. If lace in used at j the bottom of the epron, as it n ay be, ! Uio ends of t he st i in. s ui o also t rim m e l ! with tho lare. The nurse's apron is i l.ia lo extra long, re; ching quite to the i bottom of t'.io dre-'.. Tho waitre.-s'a iq iron M-iv be correctly f.uir itieh"s shorter than tho -ther and needs only a breadth and n half of material. Thev ttrt, preferably finished with pre W ido York hem or hem Journal. and tucks. "---New " r.ii)Ii a ll.allli V.rr. In nil hiteriew at Rochester re cently Mrs. A. E. Rim-hart, the famous century rider, said: "Just put this down for the beneiit of the women riders: I was an invalid, and tho doc tor, who was dosing use with all sorts of vile medicine, told mo that it would be suicide to ride a wheel, but I per sisted. B.-foro I took to wheeling I oould not wa'k across the street. In six weeks' time I ma le my first cen tury. That year I made two centuries, mid last year 1 ma le IRS and three double centuries. Bicycle is the best health-giver there is, 1 can testify to that. Tho only advice I have to give is. this: Ride a little every day, increase yuur abilities hj practice and dress jouifortably The Cur af Cluveit. No glove that has been worn half an hour should be put away until it has been pulled into, shape and dried. Catching it at tl.-o wrist and pulling off wrong side oct is the approved way of removing a ghive, as that strains no portion; of it. If there is a rip in a linger, mend it at once, for which purpose keep the glove thread, always cotton, :ud never silk, a fine needle and :t thimble in your glove Wx. Turn the linger w rong side out Mid whip the rip neatly together, fas tening the thrortd by sewing back a little; never knot. Th-.Mi pull the lin gers gently into shape, and after they have dried thoroughly fold together and lay smoothly in tho box. If the gloves are new and light colored lay them between folds of white tissue paper. Muslin Collars and CitfV. Muslin collars and cuffs are appear- ently under a thousand and one as pects, and perhaps the most success ful is the collar cut into tabs, hemmed and machine stitched; beneath this can ba worn tho ribbon stock, or the ordinary collar band will serve its pur pose; or, again, the plaid scarf tied in the front into a short bow with aggres sive ends. Most of the new stocks are made of plaid silk, and these are, ac cording to the latest edict of fashion, tied into a short sailor knot after they have passed through the buttonhole at the back and crossed. Avery ordinary alpaca dress, xvith a bodice which, pouched at tho back and front, looked quite attractive under the influence of a white linen collar and plaid necktie tied into a sailor knot, aud a toque of black straw decked with wierd-looking wings of green and blue aud violet and l scarf of black chiffon. ;)ssi. Near Elgiu, Oregon, is a young xvo man xvho daily hauls to tosvii a load of ties and unloads them herself. Instead of an engagement ring, the Japanese lover gives his sweetheart a piece of beautiful ailk for her sash. A New Jersey tennis elub has ceased to exist, owing to tho encroachment of bicycling upon the interest of its wo men members. The wife of Li nung Chang is said to possess 2000 frocks, and has half that number of xvniting women in at tendance upon her. Many patriotic Greek xvomen in Athens are weariug the old Greek oos tume in order to recall tho high heroic spirit of former times. Mrs. Kunzie, of Umatilla, Oregon, is said to have tho largest and most , valuable collection of Indian curios ICS Cut i i know n in tlm VY t. It il . I'iili, oW of 1. is tal, dn tin.) ."a,- i s A-ii I iid" of R n -nriM, wid I'.'i.j Miu. 1, the Tret, n, I. r, ell thu l.l.f k -il ill the lletie- Cn vent of Sl'si:ii-s, Hour She was a Trmci's of eiis1,, iu. Wortheim. Mis. C. II. Spurt'.-, n, xrihiwi f t ha Into p.v t.ir of the M t'opi.litnn Tiber na le, London, cut tho f rst of thu (round upon which a:-g. l',i,ti,t. t Impel w id be coii.iiiein ed n on -o ut Rexhil, near London. Daughters of tho Atn-ricjiU Revolu tion iu Maine are en.l. .-iToriug to col lect Revolutionary arm, which Massa chusetts ",ivi to Maine when she bo enine a Stuto, in 1 h Ji. n;,,J ero oM by the t,!a!e i i the ities. Mi-oi Rmrry, a graduate of I'ryu M.ntr and a tu leiit nt nevoral iir titu tioii: in Europe, x. hoi e homo is at Ellsworth, Me,, has been elect"d a dean of the department of women iii the University of Wisconsin. Miss Moldora Ice, .xvho took a de gree iu architecture at tho University of Illinois recently, received the first diploma) ever given to a woman at tho University of Illinois for completing a c.iv.isi) in the collogo of engineering. Mrs. l'li.ra Steel is coming to bo recarde.l ii a rival of Rudyai'd Kip ling in th- field of Ai"flo-Indian fh tio.i. Mr.', Steel is now fifty yearn of ngc, nnd from the time of her mar riage nt twenty until eight years ago she lived in India. The blest argument against the corset comes from Rellaire,. Ohio, where four young girls, xvaiking homo from clihreh, were struck by light ning. Three of them wore steel cor sets and were killed, xvhilo the fourth, xvho disdained fashion, was only stunned. Mrs. I). Ililler, at one time a resi dent of New York, when her husband; died had him inclosed in a solid ma hogany casket, mounted w ith gold ami lined with- corded silk, xvhicji was said to have cost $10 a yard. Tho hinge were of gold and a solid knob of gold xveighed six pounds. Mrs. Hiller had a similar casket made for herself. Her shroud cost $20,000. It is gratifying to learn that Queen Amelia of Portugal, having founded a, dispensary for children, is not eon tent with, good wishes and contribu tions, but adds her personal ministra tions. She makes regular visits to tho dispensary, and putting on a nurse's uniform, goes to xvork at tho duties ixf a nurse, even to. the attend ance noon suriricnl operations on the poor little ones. The other day when tho xvonien of Roekford, III., "ran" the trolley cars they realized p. handsome sum in eon- sequoneo for their Aid Society. Last xvinter this society helped to support the families of six hundred unem ployed men. The cars were packed trom early morning unrd 12 dock Saturday night, aud the men xvho paid a live-dollar bill for a ride of two or thrco blocks were voted "angels." I-'astiiiMi Nolwi. Jewelled embroidery is at tho zenith ot its popularity, xvhich faot predicts its downfall in the near future. Pure soo-w -white is in fashion again. aud nothing can be much prettier than the colored straw hats trimmed with xvhite chiffon, whita ostrich feathers, or dead-white xvings. The best dressed people are those who adapt the fashions to their own requirements. If one's neck is long, a ruff may be worn, but to a short, stout figure they are most unbecom ing. Nor should a very tall xvoman wear high crowns. Girdles and belts, with sash ends all made of ribbons, costing frou $5 to $15, arc shown in the shops in great variety. Ruffles of lace edging, set on two or three -inches apart across the ends for the entire length, are one mode of decoration; others are of fancy striped ribbon, without the lace, ar ranged in deep pointed girdle6), boned to keep them in place. If we xvere to judge women by the expause of brow they display now that the hair is so generally thrown back pompadour, it would seem that they had become more intellectual or af flicted with a loss of hair; but it is nothing more serious than fashion's fauoy, and the curling tongs are quite as muoh in demand as ever to encircle the head xvith soft, large waves. Color is very carefully considered this season. Red, white and blue are the key notes from which many pretty variations are made. The real royal ed is a bright scarlet, but the partica lar tint w hich appears most conspicu ously in fashionable dress is exactly like one of the velvet leaf geraniums. Rose red, loo, ii very much worn by English women, as it symbolizes the National flower. Nil 1