Bill ARP'S WEEKLY LETTER.
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TRAVIS EhOS, Publishers.
Campk., I rsx.
a. - '. ' i
1 The Rev. Pr. Barrows, of Chicago,
faid in a recent lecture: "The time
will come, before two centuries have
assed, hru the centre if the uni
verse will Im at the mouth of the Hud
fum, or nmro probably on tho south
vest shores of Lake Michigan, instead
of on tho Thumps."
Th Mdhodisis of
tho world em-
i,0fK) ministers, besides local
rs. The membership is about
aud about four millions
mora atlc:i:l their Huu luy-schools nnl
flro monihoiM of tho l!p worth League.
Neatly fourteen liiillions ar in.struoteil
every week in tho truths of the gospel
ly Mctho.li-'t societies.
t A lor.p; time has passcl f,iuce Xnpo
Icon declared that Ihirope must he
como citlier repuhlicun or Cossack;
and Europe is neither the one nor the
other. Yet' there is a hase of truth
underlying the brigand-Emperor's epi
gram. In nil Wef-tf rn Europe democ
racy has made tremendous strides
since England put tho loser of Water
loo on his rock of St. Helena; and the
first general census of Russia, just
taken, shows that the population of the
iCzar's dominions exceeds 129,000,000
souls. With the growth of constitu
tional institutions in other lands the
Slav has increased his feature. Rus
aia to-day has two ind one-half times
the population of (lorniuny and more
than three times the population of
Franco or the United Kingdom. There
is no single Tower on the Continent
it is doubtful if there are any two
Towers that could whip her, main
tains the Commercial Advertiser, if
Russian armies were led with a fair
degree of ability and provided with
an efficient commissariat department.
.The London Times publishes an ex
haustivo account of the remarkable
exploration in northern Babylonia of
the llayncs University of Tennsyl
vania expedition, which for five years
has been excavating the great mounds
of Nuffar, the site of the ancient city
of Nippur, the aacred city of Mullil, or
the older Bel of the Semites. They
form, says the Times, the greatest dis
coveries of modernjtimes carrying the
history of civilization back to an an
tiquity never thought of. Here is
one suggestive passage: "In the face
of this evidence from Nippur we may
have to reconsider the question of
Chaldean influence on Egypt, and
possibly reverse the old theory that
tho tower of Urgur rests upon a mas
sive brick platform of crude brick.
Excavations conducted below revealed
the existence of a second pavement of
much finer construction built of kiln
burnt bricks of great size, the dimen
sions being fifty centimeters square
and of great thickness. Nearly all of
these bricks were inscribed, aud bore
the stamps of Sargon I. and Naramsin,
his son, and their date, therefore, is
just one thousand years prior to tho
buildings of Urgur, namely, B. C.
3800. The priority of Chaldea in the
use of the keystone arch is clearly es
tablished by further explorations of
fieven metres below the pavement of
Urgur, and 4.57 metres below that of
Naramsin. Since there were no great
temples to- crumble into ruin, it must
have taker, many centuries to build
op the great mass of debris found
there. The estimate of from 1500 to
2000 years before the timo of Sargon
jdoes not seem too high." 1 .
i:i;o!:s i mdkv or mission,
a i: v rt ii i n t oi:i;i rn n.
co:-:e A!,cor geopg'a history.
Il.trlow 'I ill of I lit- Intiitilfi lipo-
I Ir in fit I n O : i In k I ml Inn Io
I rmi" I lip SI iW.
Tli:it is a pretty and pathetic Mmy
thut my voting ine'id Tied (iovmi
v 1 1 it e about the misi.o iiiy, i T.ut
l. r, and his if,. No doubt but thut
it is founded on f i"t, and he probably
pi his data from home very old iniiii
who Mill lives near (Vo-m i!!e, n littl
villa;.'!' t el o miles below Rome. I
win interested iii tho Moiy. because
when 1 win a la 1 that numt Dr. Butler
was impt i -'oiied in the county jail at
Lav. renceville, w h"re toy father lived.
Another missionary, by the name, of
Worcester, was imprisoned with him,
nnd their oll'enso was their refusal to
take tho oath of allegiance to the stato
of (leorgia or othrrwi.su to leavo tho
Cherokee nation. They wore suspected
of using their unrluence. to render the
Indians dissatisfied with the treaty
thut required them to go west. John
Howard Tayno, the author of "Home,
Sweet Home," was also a suspect, nnd
v. as arrested and taken to Millodge
ville to bo examined. Those were hot
times in (leorgia, especially north
(leorgia, for (iwinr.ett was n border
county, and we children could almost
(lee Indians squatted among tho chin
quapin bushes or behind the trees on
the road to the mill. Wo knew they
were just over tho Chattahoochee river.
and that some white people over there
had been murdered by them. Indians
were us much a terror to us as ghosts
and runaway negroes. The new gran
ite jail h'ld just been completed, nnd
nine Indians were the first prisoners.
They all escaped within a week. They
took up a stone in the floor nnd bur
rowed out like moles or rabbits.
I never hoard until Govan wrote it
that Butler w as dragged to Millodge
ville with a rope around his neck, nor
am I prepared to believe that much of
the story. lie and Worcester were
arrested at New Echota (in Gordon
county) aud brought mounted to Law
renceville and tried before Judge
Clayton, who was Mrs. Henry Grady's
grandfather, a learned, humane nnd
incorruptible judge. They had the
best of local counsel, Elisha Chester,
also a native of Connecticut, ami they
had the renowned William Wirt as an
adviser, aud they had the president,
John Quincy Adams, on their side.
John Marshal, he chief justice of the
supreme court, issued his mandamus
to compel Judge Clayton to release the
prisoners, but he refused, and a collis
ion seemed inevitable between the
United States and the state of Georgia
I think that Mr. Govau's informant is
mistaken, for Butler had lots of friends
powerful friends and John Ross,
the chief of the Cherokees, was back
ing him. Doubtless he was a good
man. but he was stubborn and fanati
cal, and declared he owed no alle
giauce except to the American board
of foreign missions, and to God that
it was his duty to teach Christianity
to tho Indians, and he would continue
to do so.
Both these men were convicted and
sentenced to the peuitentiary for four
years. W hen they arrived at Mil
ledgeville Governor Lumpkin kindly
advised thein to take the oath or agree
to leave the state, and if they would
do either ho would at once pardon
them. They refused and wrote to the
board of missions for advice. That
board commended their refusal ani
again urged Wirt and Sargeant to resort
to the supreme court. But these emi
nent lawyers advised an acceptance of
Governor Lumpkin a offer, do they
accepted and were pardoned and my
father always said they returned to
Connecticut. He knew them and had
many conversations with them, and
gave them good advice, for he, too,
was a IS ew England man. And "hence
I am surprised to learn from Mr. G
van that Butler returned to his mis
sionary work and died near Coosaville
and was buried by the side of his wife.
In fact, I never knew betore that he
had a wife; but, of course, the inscrip
tion on her tombstone settles that.
Mr. Govan gives Butler the Christian
name of Elouez, but the records in the
state archives show his name as he
himself signed it to be Elizur.
It is, however, an interesting and
pathetic story aud very great men
figured in it, both state aud national.
The conflicts between the state and
the Cherokees and the United States
continued for 1'2 years and ended only
with the exodus of 183S. Several
treaties were made made only to be
broken. Ross and Ridge, ihe two
chiefs, could never agree upon terms,
aud they had their followers. When
Georgia ceded Alabama and Missis
sippi to tho United States iu 1802, the
consideration was that tho United
States should extinguish the Indians'
title and remove them beyond the
Mississippi river. Tho federal gov
ernment was bo slow in trying to do
this that after waiting aud urging aud
, HI I
; III. ir
I i I 1 1
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1 1 i k s
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tl the (
ii fi i in ( !i..ir."..i.
'Hi r the l( i n.'i!- v i t'.'nl tl.
.Iiiines .In, ko:i hoi tiiiiiU.
Ci. i !..-, who, i.ft. r they h..
tlril' V, coll 1 1 1: He I their ill
Mi l hi' llpbt ,i;d. d tli. iil nil
f ru ard n h l of
amount ing to jf 1 lo fioO, w hi,
tl ! I , i II " ,
h he niid
tiny Inll't j ii v. "Give ii
1 li i r," Klid the chief, "Mi
d I Will
Hiiiko a Iii'gT iii'Miiiut r;'.iiio-t y"ir
peoplo than thiit.'' Rat Governor
Troup and Gilmer nnd Lumpkin ha I
tho moid serious troubles, and their
eoinp lirutions broiieht in I residi'iit
Adams, nnd Jaehson, John Mur.hull,
JomjIi Story, Willni'ii Wirt, John
l'oisythe, Andrew l'iekrns. General
Scott and Getielul Gainrs nil of whom
took an active part in the nejft;atioiis.
This General Gaines wus n friend nnd
military ompaiiion of Gem rnl Arnlrew
.lacksoii iu tho liniiau wars. h:kI was
the husband of Mva Clark Gaines,
who had the long nnd famous hiwsiiit
ainst the city of New Orleans.
I ' ut Gaines, iu Georgia, was named
r him, and I suppose that Gain-
Then there wcro many ixitablo fn-
lians and haltbreeds, m h as John
loss and Alex MoGillivrav. WilliH.n
Mclnt-.f h, ( hilly Mcintosh, nil of
Scotch descent. Tho devolidelits of
the R.'-s family nod tho Mcintosh
i:n:!y are loiiiiiiieiI i:
the ('hero- i
nee I'ation, und still lire lenders 1
n the tribes. They are all well edu- :
ated, and I am not afraid to say that
he Mcintosh gills are the mod beau- j
tiful specimens of womanhood 1 ever
saw, that is to say, except some.
Moorti'i Lalla Rookh was n t to bo
compared to them. They are the only
hallbreed children I met in the nation
who did not have an excess of high J
Now, although tli:o Cherokees,
l.",('il)) in nu ml er, went west nninst
their will and 4,000 of them died on
the way, yet it was a good move for
them und they made a good trade
S5,01I0,()(H) aud 7,000,000 acres of
land the finest lands on the conti
nent, beautifully wooded and watered,
nnd what is worth still more, they live
in peace with the outside world. Here
they vv ere always in conflict not only
with the whites, but with themselves,
for they had two chiefs who did not
work in harmony, for one xvas a
Scotchman and the other was not.
Sidney Smith said that Scotchmen
were generally right, but when wrong
were the wrongest people in the world
and no argument could turn them.
The word "scotch," "scotch the
wagon," came from their stubborn
ness. But they were true to faith and
to principle. Every signer of the
Mecklenburg declaration of independ
ence in 1775 xvas a Scotchman, or as
they are now generally called, "Scotch
Irish," that is, Scotchmen xvho removed
to tho north of Ireland. It is very
strange that so many of them came to
this wild country and mingled with
the Indians and married their daugh
ters. There were the Rogers brothers
on the Chattahoochee who took Indian
wives. They xvere good men, good
citizens and xvell educated. My wife
xvheif a girl used to visit their girls and
was fond of them. You can tell a
Scotchman as far ns you see them, for
they all have auburn or light hair and
bluo eyes and florid complexions and
are generally tall and straight. I don't
believe that George Adair is full
blood on both sides, though he has all
of their good qualities except their re
ligion. I am only a half-breed my
self, which is all the better for my
wife, for as it is she con make me do
as she pleases and I can make her do
as she pleases, too, so it's all right and
peace reigns in the household. Bill
Abp in Atlanta Constitution.
Men of science sometimes make ex
traordinary demands upon the skill of
instrument-makers. An interesting
illustration is furnished by the instru
ment called tho "microtome," tho
purpose of which is to cut excessively
thin slices, or sections, of various sub
stances, such as animal cr vegetable
tissues, for mierepie oxaniination.
Microtomes have recently been inven
ted, w hich, it is claimed, can cut suc
cessive sections each only one twelve
thousandth of an inch thick. The
edge of the knife which makes such
cuts 'appears perfectly smooth aud
straight when magnified fifty times.
The Earth Always Quaking.
The severe earthquakes recently re
ported may cause another outbreak of
earthquake prophesying. It may be
xvell to remember that the earth is
quaking all the time, so the prophet
always hits the nail somewhere; but
the chance of death by earthquake is
for these settled regions of the globe
much less than accidents while sitting
around the evening meal. Philadel
V iltirul I .onuelim.
O f th.t 1 ' t eo -s
l.iu is fi e !i ei.ciii.it.. r ji'.i 'e
tho juice fi'oi.i i lr..!iiv c it
r 1 1 en 'ii i
by in. an of a o. !! ,"i 1 i.ro !,ir. l'u t
j ei 1 the eui iiiiili. r h:i I then rut it into
emu!!, thick pi.- ab..:it t!n .' "f
line, Tim oiicewid tln-'i bi ontiy
i.Ui-i ed I'Ut bf tin tins of the petle.
l.a'.he th" face with thistwicn a day.
It Will llld (Teilt'y i-i keepin;' t!io skiu
siiioot'i nnd s.ift, &s Tho I.i. ly. But
termilk is aiiotliei- h.trml.'SH C'Minetic,
eqiecially vu'unble in a provt ntio of,
I or remedy f ir euiihiirn. l'l eh!y dis
j tilled rose or elder lliwir water i
! niust refreshing as a sii.iplo wash fir
! the face, especially in warm weather.
j Twn f ,nn.
"What is the dilT. -retieo," aiksn jH-r-plexod
young lou'roli, "bttwcell a
! uuro'n iipioii and that worn by a
waitress?" "The former," replies a
i person w ho know s. "is mab of two
I full widths of white cambric or lawn,
it has a wide hemt itohe 1 hem nnd
j long, wide htri'.ig. If lace in used at
j the bottom of the epron, as it n ay be,
! Uio ends of t he st i in. s ui o also t rim m e l
! with tho lare. The nurse's apron is
i l.ia lo extra long, re; ching quite to the
i bottom of t'.io dre-'.. Tho waitre.-s'a
iq iron M-iv be correctly f.uir itieh"s
shorter than tho -ther and needs only
a breadth and n half of material. Thev
ttrt, preferably finished with
hem or hem
and tucks. "---New
" r.ii)Ii a ll.allli V.rr.
In nil hiteriew at Rochester re
cently Mrs. A. E. Rim-hart, the famous
century rider, said: "Just put this
down for the beneiit of the women
riders: I was an invalid, and tho doc
tor, who was dosing use with all sorts
of vile medicine, told mo that it would
be suicide to ride a wheel, but I per
sisted. B.-foro I took to wheeling I
oould not wa'k across the street. In
six weeks' time I ma le my first cen
tury. That year I made two centuries,
mid last year 1 ma le IRS and three
double centuries. Bicycle is the best
health-giver there is, 1 can testify to
that. Tho only advice I have to give
is. this: Ride a little every day, increase
yuur abilities hj practice and dress
The Cur af Cluveit.
No glove that has been worn half an
hour should be put away until it has
been pulled into, shape and dried.
Catching it at tl.-o wrist and pulling
off wrong side oct is the approved
way of removing a ghive, as that
strains no portion; of it. If there is a
rip in a linger, mend it at once, for
which purpose keep the glove thread,
always cotton, :ud never silk, a fine
needle and :t thimble in your glove
Wx. Turn the linger w rong side out
Mid whip the rip neatly together, fas
tening the thrortd by sewing back a
little; never knot. Th-.Mi pull the lin
gers gently into shape, and after they
have dried thoroughly fold together
and lay smoothly in tho box. If the
gloves are new and light colored lay
them between folds of white tissue
Muslin Collars and CitfV.
Muslin collars and cuffs are appear-
ently under a thousand and one as
pects, and perhaps the most success
ful is the collar cut into tabs, hemmed
and machine stitched; beneath this
can ba worn tho ribbon stock, or the
ordinary collar band will serve its pur
pose; or, again, the plaid scarf tied in
the front into a short bow with aggres
sive ends. Most of the new stocks are
made of plaid silk, and these are, ac
cording to the latest edict of fashion,
tied into a short sailor knot after they
have passed through the buttonhole at
the back and crossed. Avery ordinary
alpaca dress, xvith a bodice which,
pouched at tho back and front, looked
quite attractive under the influence of
a white linen collar and plaid necktie
tied into a sailor knot, aud a toque of
black straw decked with wierd-looking
wings of green and blue aud violet and
l scarf of black chiffon.
Near Elgiu, Oregon, is a young xvo
man xvho daily hauls to tosvii a load of
ties and unloads them herself.
Instead of an engagement ring, the
Japanese lover gives his sweetheart a
piece of beautiful ailk for her sash.
A New Jersey tennis elub has ceased
to exist, owing to tho encroachment of
bicycling upon the interest of its wo
The wife of Li nung Chang is said
to possess 2000 frocks, and has half
that number of xvniting women in at
tendance upon her.
Many patriotic Greek xvomen in
Athens are weariug the old Greek oos
tume in order to recall tho high heroic
spirit of former times.
Mrs. Kunzie, of Umatilla, Oregon,
is said to have tho largest and most
, valuable collection of Indian curios
Cut i i know n in tlm VY t.
It il .
1. is tal,
i s A-ii I iid" of R n -nriM, wid
I'.'i.j Miu. 1, the Tret, n, I. r,
ell thu l.l.f k -il ill the lletie-
Cn vent of Sl'si:ii-s, Hour
She was a Trmci's of
eiis1,, iu. Wortheim.
Mis. C. II. Spurt'.-, n, xrihiwi f t ha
Into p.v t.ir of the M t'opi.litnn Tiber
na le, London, cut tho f rst of thu
(round upon which a:-g. l',i,ti,t.
t Impel w id be coii.iiiein ed n on -o ut
Rexhil, near London.
Daughters of tho Atn-ricjiU Revolu
tion iu Maine are en.l. .-iToriug to col
lect Revolutionary arm, which Massa
chusetts ",ivi to Maine when she bo
enine a Stuto, in 1 h Ji. n;,,J ero oM
by the t,!a!e i i the ities.
Mi-oi Rmrry, a graduate of I'ryu
M.ntr and a tu leiit nt nevoral iir titu
tioii: in Europe, x. hoi e homo is at
Ellsworth, Me,, has been elect"d a
dean of the department of women iii
the University of Wisconsin.
Miss Moldora Ice, .xvho took a de
gree iu architecture at tho University
of Illinois recently, received the first
diploma) ever given to a woman at tho
University of Illinois for completing a
c.iv.isi) in the collogo of engineering.
Mrs. l'li.ra Steel is coming to bo
recarde.l ii a rival of Rudyai'd Kip
ling in th- field of Ai"flo-Indian fh
tio.i. Mr.', Steel is now fifty yearn of
ngc, nnd from the time of her mar
riage nt twenty until eight years ago
she lived in India.
The blest argument against the
corset comes from Rellaire,. Ohio,
where four young girls, xvaiking homo
from clihreh, were struck by light
ning. Three of them wore steel cor
sets and were killed, xvhilo the fourth,
xvho disdained fashion, was only
Mrs. I). Ililler, at one time a resi
dent of New York, when her husband;
died had him inclosed in a solid ma
hogany casket, mounted w ith gold ami
lined with- corded silk, xvhicji was said
to have cost $10 a yard. Tho hinge
were of gold and a solid knob of gold
xveighed six pounds. Mrs. Hiller had
a similar casket made for herself.
Her shroud cost $20,000.
It is gratifying to learn that Queen
Amelia of Portugal, having founded a,
dispensary for children, is not eon
tent with, good wishes and contribu
tions, but adds her personal ministra
tions. She makes regular visits to
tho dispensary, and putting on a
nurse's uniform, goes to xvork at tho
duties ixf a nurse, even to. the attend
ance noon suriricnl operations on the
poor little ones.
The other day when tho xvonien of
Roekford, III., "ran" the trolley cars
they realized p. handsome sum in eon-
sequoneo for their Aid Society. Last
xvinter this society helped to support
the families of six hundred unem
ployed men. The cars were packed
trom early morning unrd
Saturday night, aud the men xvho
paid a live-dollar bill for a ride of two
or thrco blocks were voted "angels."
Jewelled embroidery is at tho zenith
ot its popularity, xvhich faot predicts
its downfall in the near future.
Pure soo-w -white is in fashion again.
aud nothing can be much prettier than
the colored straw hats trimmed with
xvhite chiffon, whita ostrich feathers,
or dead-white xvings.
The best dressed people are those
who adapt the fashions to their own
requirements. If one's neck is long,
a ruff may be worn, but to a short,
stout figure they are most unbecom
ing. Nor should a very tall xvoman
wear high crowns.
Girdles and belts, with sash ends all
made of ribbons, costing frou $5 to
$15, arc shown in the shops in great
variety. Ruffles of lace edging, set on
two or three -inches apart across the
ends for the entire length, are one
mode of decoration; others are of fancy
striped ribbon, without the lace, ar
ranged in deep pointed girdle6), boned
to keep them in place.
If we xvere to judge women by the
expause of brow they display now that
the hair is so generally thrown back
pompadour, it would seem that they
had become more intellectual or af
flicted with a loss of hair; but it is
nothing more serious than fashion's
fauoy, and the curling tongs are quite
as muoh in demand as ever to encircle
the head xvith soft, large waves.
Color is very carefully considered
this season. Red, white and blue are
the key notes from which many pretty
variations are made. The real royal
ed is a bright scarlet, but the partica
lar tint w hich appears most conspicu
ously in fashionable dress is exactly
like one of the velvet leaf geraniums.
Rose red, loo, ii very much worn by
English women, as it symbolizes the
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