Newspaper Page Text
A ISEMOCRATIO NEWSPAPEIt '.wslHs!ie4 Weekly at Camden, Tcnn. ;sterod ftt Camden aa Socond-Class Mall Matter. GRATIS BROS., Publishers, Camden, Tenn. len. Joseph Whaeler'ft plan to aid Clio development-of Cuba by the free education of young Cubans in this comstrj is worthy of the support which it has received from one hun dred consenting colleges. The man fioaorcd by unanimous re-election to Coxsgrexs shows that his patriotism is F the sterling kind, no less useful in jprace than indispensable in war. That peace also has its heroes of &r&T deeds has been demonstrated by th.fi two gallant railroad engineers, .7ah a IJohlfing and John McNally, nho nobly held on to the throttle to !. last moment, saving the lives of the passengers and themselves meet ing a death glorious as was ever won oh battlefield. The least that can be -Iono in their honor' is to see that their families are well provided for. The density of the population of . London has been doubled since 1857. Itia truly wonderful," says thelian cet anent London, "that its vast pop ulation of 6,291, GC7, located on only fSSr.i square miles, should have in 1897 so Sow a death rate as 17.7 per 1000. XMs rate is not greater than that of a i , I .,.! .i:i- i TTi i i ii ves the name she has received as the birthplace and home of sanitary aeieuea and practice." There is a certain gratification in fcsiowmg that, small as is Samoa's for eign trad Europe exceeds us in irn pusta from that quarter, while we netl combined Europe in exports. 'JEliEa is shown in the aunual report of dbnsnl -General Osboru, who adds the pleasing fact that, while nearly half tEieSiimcm imports coma from Aus trali.i, a large percentage of these are of American origin goods east of California being shipped to Atlantic seaports, theuce to Syduey, and from .Sydney to Apia. The defacement of rural scenery by izglj advertisements on fences, rocks ruxd barns, is an old story; but in spite of frequent and vigorous pro testa the evil custom seems to con flffiBC This is largely because many fir cetera have not a keen ap2reciati,ou fisnientfl. , They are a good illustra tion of the old adage that familiarity frreeds contempt. They have spent tLcir whole lives amid the beauties of itj.tJirn, with the result that their eyes stz blinded to those beauties. In this respect they are no worse than city jniacplc, who, for the same reason, are jiEraost wholly indifferent to excres-i-xsxcea that may mar the beauty of w "Among the many good examples wljk'ii America and the Americans IisiTC set the people of England none its, letter than that of the fire brigade. 'For years England has not only Isa far behind in this' respect, but Juts been making no effort to reach a Ewetter elate. Now, however, the Lou Iots coanty council has taken serious tifeps to improve the appliances used a fighting the flames. First among t2.a improvements is a better type of tste&m. fire engine. Doubtless the unrrinnl wlllpll lAlldfiV HllP.ll jroodt service in America will come in gmjl tima. . An improvement has al rdj been effected in regard to the Oieeled by hand, and of necessity aaaiow aud cumbersome. At a recent fira in London a horse-drawn escape n f ,.otl i,.linrn nna nf fllfi nld J' k TM V ii .v.. liiad would have bean useless. The a-j-.aerttion is being discussed also as to vsu'iailier that pimple and effective S;jfc-and-ladder so widely used in the IaiSed States fchall not bo introduced 'l.iJ,o Loudon. In the alavra posts it j?bable that England will follow .tils example of America. The alarms Z2S1 today in Loudon are far more ef-i!A-live, and offer opportunities which axs only too numerous for ruischiev t.i-is yxsraonsto call out tho fu e brigade .K.ec-il'iosl v. INSTRUCTIONS CARLEI) TO GEN. OTIS IJY THE PRESIDENT. FIRM RULES HRE LAID DOWN. Inhabitant of Philippine Islands Must lie I'avlfied I!jr Sway of Justice and I: I slit. The following is the text of the in structions sent to General Otis, in command of tr-e Utiited States forces in the Philippines, to be proclaimed to the Filipinos as expressive of the purposes in respect to them: "Adjutant General's Office, Wash ington, December 27, 1898. General Otis, Manila: By direction of the secretary of war, I have the honor to transmit herewith instructions of the president relative to the administra tion of affairs in the Philippine islands: "Executive Mansion, Washington, December 21, 1898. To the Secretary of War, Washington. Sir: The de struction of the Spanish fleet in the harbor of Manila by the United States naval squadron commanded by Rear Admiral Dewey, followed by the re duction of the city aud the surrender of the Spanish forces, practically ef fected the conquest of the Philippine islands and the suspension of Spanish sovereignty therein. "With the signature of the treaty of peace between the United States and Spain by their respective plenipoten tiaries at Paris, on the 10th inst., and as the result of the victories of Ameri can arms, the future control, disposi tion and government of the Philippine islands are ceded to the United States in fulfillment of the rights of sover iujuty iuiis acquired, and the respon sible obligations of government thus assured, the actual occupation and ad ministration of the entiro group of the Philippine islands becomes necessary and the necessary government hereto fore maintained by the United States in the city, harbor and bay of Manila is to be extended with all possible dis patch to the whole of ceded territory. "In performing this duty, the mili tary commander of the United States is enjoined to make known to the in habitants of the Philippine islands that, iu succeeding to the sovereignty of Spain, in severing the former polit ical relations of the inhabitants and in establishing a new political power, the authority of the United States is to be exerted for the security of the persons and property of the people of the is lands and for the consummation of all their private rights and relations. . "It will be the duty Of the com mander of the forces of occupation to announce and proclaim in the most public manner that we come, not as invaders or conquerors, but as friends to protect the natives in their homes, their employments and in their per sonal and religious rights. "All persons who either by active aid or by honest submission co-operate with the government of the United States to give effect to these benefi cent purposes will receive the reward of its support and protection. All oth ers will be brought within the lawful rule we have assumed, with firmness, if need be, but without saverity so far as may be possible within the absolute domain of military authority, which necessarily is and must remain su preme in the ceded territory until the legislation of the United States shall otherwise provide. "While the control of all the public property and the revenues of the state passes with the cession, and while the use and management of all publio means of transportation are necessarily reserved to the authority of the United States, private properly, whether be longing to individuals or corporations is to be respected except for cause duly established. "Finally, it should be the earnest and paramount aim of the military ad ministration to win the confidence, respect and affection of the inhabi tants of the Philippines by assuring to them in every possible way that full measure of individual rights and liber ties which is the heritage of free peo ple and by proving to them that the- mission of the United States is one of benevolent assimilation, sub stituting the mild sway of justice and right for arbitrary rule. "In the fulfillment of this high mis sion, supporting the temperate admin istration of affairs for the greatest good of the governed, there must be sedulously maintained the strong arm of authority, to repress" disturbance and to overcome all obstacles to the bestowal of the blessings of good and stable government upon the people of the Philippine islands under the free flag of the United States. "William McKinlet. "Acknowledge receipt. "II. C. Corbix, Adjutant General." Proclamation Jasunrt At tunllu. A special cable dispatch from Ma nila says: President McKinley's proclamation to the Filipinos, cabled to Major General Otis from Washing ton," has been issued here." SENATE DEMANDED INSTRUCTIONS Given to Paris Ponce Commissioners Br President McKInley. A Washington special says: The resolution introduced, Thursday, by Mr. Hoar calling upon the president, if not in his judgment incompatible with the publio interest, to communi cate to the senate the instructions he had given the commissioners who ne gotiated the treaty of Paris, the cor respondence which had passed be tween him and the department of state and the commissioners and the reports mnde by the commissioners either to him or to the department of state, was laid before the senate .early iu the session Friday. Mr. Davis, one nf the commission ers, and chairman of the committee on foreign relations, moved that the reso lution be referred to that committee. Mr.'IIoar: "Mr. President, I object to such a reference of the resolution. It seems to me that the senate ought to have the information called for by the resolution, if in the judgment of the president it would be proper to communicate it. I hope the motion will be defeated." Mr. Davis: "I hope the motion will prevail." After a little debate in which Mr. Iloar, Mr. White, California, and Mr. Allen, Nebraska, brought out the fact that the call on the president for infor mation was not mandatory, and Mr. Da vis said that not to refer the resolu tion to the committee in charge of the matter would be unprecedented. The latter invoked the rules of the senate and had the doors closed for an execu tive session. In the secret legislative session of the senate the proceedings continued on the same lines as in the open ses sion, the senate finally agreeing with out a division to the resolution calling for the instructions. At 12:35 p.m. the senate,reconvened in open Bession, and Mr. Piatt, Con necticut, secured the adoption of a resolution calling upon the secretary of the interior for information con--cerning the cutting of dead and fallen timber on the Chippewa Indian reser vation in Minnesota. Mr. Caffery, Louisiana, then ad dressed the senate on the joint resolu tion offered by Mr. West, Missouri, declaring that under the constitution of the United States no power is given to acquire territory to be held and governed permanently as colonies. Mr. Caffery's speech was a constitu tional argument in support of the dec larations of the resolution. He de clared that the resolution wont to the very root of the question of the power of the United States to establish per manently governments in territories far distant from our own lands. He proposed, he said, to institute an in quiry into the basic principles of the powers of this government. EXPLOSION KILLS NINE. A Biff Boiler Bursts and Plays Ilaroc With TIfe and Property. A London dispatch says: A big boiler, while being tested in Hewitt's shipbuilding yard at Barking, burst Friday and the superintendent of engineers and eight men were killed. About forty were injured, some fatally. The bodies of the dead were frightfully mutilated. A lad was found dead 300 yards from the scene of the disaster. A number of men and boys are missing. The terrific force of the explosion may be judged from the fact that one of the huge plates of the boiler plung ed through a building a quarter of a mile distant and that debris, was hurled hundreds of yards in all direc tions. The factory itself, which oov ered several acres, wss practically razed and all the dwellings aud shops in its immediate vicinity were to all intents and purposes wrecked and windows were shattered a mile away and telegraph and telephone wires were blown down on all sides. Distressing scenes were witnessed among the mothers, wives and other relatives of the employees. ORDERS WERE MISCONSTRUED. Sending Santiago Funds to Havana Was Wrong Construction. A Washington dispatch says: There has been no change in the original order issued by the war department for the regulation of the customs in Cuba. Any modification made by the Havana authorities therefor in favor of Santiago was nothing more than a re currence to a proper construction of that order. ASSABET COMPANY ASSETS. Assignees Present the Debts. and Property of Embiirrasaed Company. Creditors of the Assabet Company held a meeting at Boston, Mass., Fri day, and appointed a committee to ex amiuo tho affairs of the corporation. Tho assignees reported the liabilities at about $1,400,000. Tho assiguees have scaled down the assets to what they consider a conservative basis uud estimate the quick assets 980,000 and the plant, etc., at $1,080,090, total $2,000,000. It was the general feeling of thoso present at the meeting that the diffi culties of the corporation would bo ad justed without eerious loss. iifsio er in INSURGENT LEADER IS PREPARED TO RESIST GENERAL OTIS. WILL HOLD OUT FOR INDEPENDENCE Says No Agreement Was Made to Kecog nlze American Sovereignty Latest Advices from Philippines. Advices received at Washington Sat urday from Manila state that within -a a few hours alter the proclamation by Major General Otis in behalf of Presi dent McKinley, the agents of Agui naldo billed Manila with a manifesto which attracted considerable atten tion. The revolutionary president protest ed against General Otis signing him- eelf military governor of the Philip pine islands. Aguinaldo, in his mani festo, declared he had never agreed at Singapore, Hong Kong or elsewhere to recognize the sovereignty of the Amer icans, and insists that he returned to the Philippines on an American ship solely to conquer the Spaniards and win independence. He asserts that both his proclamations, on May 24th and June 12th, stated this fact offi cially, and he claims that Major Gen eral Merritt confirmed this by a proc lamation several days before the Span iards capitulated, stating clearly and definitely that the American forces came to overthrow the Spanish gov ernment and liberate the Filipinos. In conclusion, Agninaldo declared that he had natives and foreigners as witnesses that the American forces recognized, not only by acts that the Filipinos wer belligerents, but by publicly saluting the Filipino flag "as it triumphantly sailed these seas be fore the eyes of all nations." Aguinaldo then solemnly protested, in the name of the diety who empowered him to direct his brethren in the diffi cult task of regeneration, against the intrusion of the American government, reiterated that he can produce proofs that he was brought here on the un derstanding that the Americans prom ised him their co-operation to attain independence. The revolutionary leader then called upon all his followers to work together with force and assured them he is now convinced that they will obtain abso lute independence and urging them never to turn "from the glorious road" on which they have "already bo far advanced." Major General Otis attaches no im portance to the manifesto. He says he feels confident that the opinion of the better classes of the Filipiroa is not expressed in it, but as to whether the Filipino masses can be controlled and the Filipino army kept in check, he does not know, although he hopes for a satisfactory outcome of the trouble. Message From Otis. The war department received anoth er dispatch Sunday fiom Major Gen eral Otis, commanding the United States troops fn the Philippines. The officials observe unusual retieence with respect to jts contents, but it is under stood that the information contained is of and unfavorable character or such as to give undne concern to the administration. So far as the officials are willing to admit, the dispatch shows no material change in the condition existing at the time of previous advices. One officer said it contained nothing of a character alarming, serious or excit ing. There had been no. collision with the insurgents, he added, and not a shot had been fid. The president's pi odamation to the Filipinos had been published in Ma nila, but General Otis did not say to what extent it had been made known to the inhabitants in the other parts of the group of islands, nor whether it had been published at Iloilo. At the latter place General Miller has been directed to land the troops un der his command now on tb trans ports there, but the dispatch from General Otis did not indicate whether this had been done or not. Insurgents Make Threats. A later dispatch from Manila says: Colonel Potter, tho special emmisary of General Otis between Mauila and Iloilo, airived at Manila Sunday after noon with dispatches from the latter point. ' The streets were baricaded, and it was reported that the principal buildings had been "kerosened," the insurgents having threatened to de stroy the Avhole . business section by lire at the first shot of bombard ment. The banks were shipping tieasnreto the United States trans port Newport and other vessels. The family of the American vice consul has gone on board the Newport. Colonel Totter reports that Presi dent McKinley's proclamation had to be typewritten - aboardsbJp, as the printers on shore deeliju-d - to do the work, aud when fue text of the proc lamation was read to them they ridi culed the notion that conciliation was poaaibla. Pains and Ashes Of Rheumatism Make Counffof s Thousands SufTar. Uut tll disease la cured by Hood's Sar eaparllia, wLlah noutrallzwi tlio aold In tba blood. If you Lave any symptoms of rheumatlHtn take Hood's Harsaparlllu at once aud do Dot waste time and money on unknown rrepitrutlons. The merit of llood'i Harauparllln la unquestioned and its record of cures unequalled. Hood's Saroaparilla IsAmerloa'sareatestMertlelr if or rheumatism Hood's Pills care rU liver llln. 25 cents. Celestial View of the Whites. A Chinese living: nenr Shanghai i$ reported by the Sangapore Free Press as saying concerning Europeans: "They certainly do not know how to amuse themselves. You never see them enjoy themselves by sitting upon their ancestors' graves. They Jump around and kick balls as if thev were paid to do It, Again, yon will find them making long tramps Into tho country; but that Is probably a religious duty, for when they tramp they wave- sticks Into- the air, nobody knows why. They have no. sense of dignity, for they may be found walk ing with women. They even sit down at the eame table with women and the latter are served first"'' -Smith The Nashville- is the finest boat in our navy. Brown Noasense; she doesn't compare with the New York or the Iowa. Smith Then how does it happen that she took the first prize? Truth. NERVOUS DEPRESSION, A TALK WITH MRS. PISKHAM.J A woman with the blues i3 a very mt comfortable person. She is illogical, unhappy and frequently hysterical. The condition of the mind known a " the blues," nearly always, with wo men, results from diseased organs of generation. It is a source of wonder that in. this age of advanced medical science, any person should still believe that mere force of will and determination wilt overcome depressed spirits and nerv ousness in women. These troubles are indications of disease. Every woman who doesn't under stand her condition should write to Lynn, Mass., to Mrs. Pinkham for her advice. Her advice is thorough com mon sense, and is the counsel of a learned woman of great experience. Read the story of Mrs. F. S. Bennett, . -Westphalia, Kansas, as told in the fob lowing letter: " Deab Mrs. Pinkham: I have suf fered for over two years with falling-, enlargement and ulceration of the womb, and this spring, being in such a weakened condition, caused me to flow for nearly six months. Some time ago, urged by friends, I wrote to you " for advice. After using the treatment which you advised for a short tome, that terrible flow stopped. "I am now gaining strength and. flesh, and have better health than, I have had for tho past ten years, I wish to say to all distressed, suffer ng women, do not suffer longer, when there is one so kind and willing to aid you." LydiaEPinkham's Vegetable Com pound is a woman's remedy for wo man's ills. More than a million, wo men have been benefited by it. nn 13S J L "ITCy wife bad pimples on Iier firce, but abe naa been taking CASCAKETS and they have all disappeared. I bad been, troubled with constipation (or some time, bub after tak ing the first Cascaret I have had no trouble Kith this ailment. We cannot speak too high ly of Cascarets." Fred Wartman, 6708 German town Ave.. PbiladelpbJavPa. CANDV CATHARTIC Pleasant. Palatable. I'otent, Taste kwia. Do Good, Never Sicken, Weulteu.or Gripe, ttiu, Siic.aUc. ... CURE CONSTIPATION. . ... SUrllng Redy t'ospaay, Ckleogo, Montrr), Hw Tark. Sit WO Til R!f 8old and guaranteed by all drng tiUa I U'UMlf Rlsts to t'V'KJC Tobacco Habit. EVERY SUCCESSFUL farmer who raises fruits, vegetables, berries or grain, knows by experience the importance of having a large percentage of TRAD! MARA RJOISTt RED PC in his fertilizers. If the fer tilizer is too low in Potash the harvest is sure to be small, and of inferior quality. Our books tell about the proper fertilisers for all crops, ar.d we will gladly send them free to any farmer. CCRrUN KAL! WORKS. 93 Na5j St., New York.