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A l)i:M(M KA1IC NKWSl'Ari it rubliMlicd Weekly at Camden, Tcnn. I'litercd at Camdou si Stcond-Class Mail Matter. TRAVIS MtOS., ruMMirrii, Camden, Tenu. It seems almost akin to profanity that steam launched Hhould displaco Roudolas on the canals of Venice. Hbades of I'aiHkia and romance! If thi.i bo progress where in it goiug to atop? An American coin kitchen will be no of Uncle Sam's features at the Paris Exposition, our Fedoral govern ment having appropriated $10,00!) for ita maintenance. The invention is to exploit Indian corn meal by showing what good things cau be made from it to eat. If the cooks do justice to the meal the exploiting will prove success ful It is often Baid there is a dearth o! $5000-a-year men. This cannot mean ft dearth of men with-tho requisite knowledge; such a view is plainly uu ttuo. The lacking facu'ty or charac teristic is the ability tu plan instinc tively while carrying on other work, bo that affairs never become tangled and there is always time for one more nndertaking. The Philadelphia Public Ledger is opposed for sentimental and historic reasons to chauging the appearance of the presdent's official residence. It -eays: "Enlargements and additions would destroy the symmetrical build ing, which, in its present shape, is as sociated so closely with the history of the country that changes iu its exter nal abearance would be, especially since they are unnecessary, a piece of -iconoclasm." The French postoffico department has issued a singular order, to the ef fect that hereafter mourning envelope?, that is envelopes with a black bo.der on them, will not be mailable. It is not that the government does not sym pathize with such cas.s; but it is found that such envelopes are easily tampered with. They may be opened and afterward sealed again, all traces being covered up by an application of black ink. Although railway rates are cheaper in Geruiauy than in England, the av erage return of the British railways is little more than one-half of the Ger man yield. When wa beai' ia mind that in Germany not only the railways, but telegraphs and telephones, are iu the hands of the state, it is obvious that a government posses -led of such resources is more independent than oue which has to depend on taxation alone. Iu the kingdom of Prussia five-sixths of the public revenue is de rived fioui sources other than fiscal. The state railways yield an annual profit nearly twice as large as the taxes levied, while the annual produce of the state mines and forests is not much short of the anu.ial charge on the public debt. Tha.iks to scientists and inventors, the world is beginning to save coal. Each year from now on will see a fur ther saving. Perhaps the time may come when the cities will be able to do without coal, and thereby avoid all the grime and foul gasei it produces. The saving is brought about by the intalrnent of great water power elec tric plauts. A big dam has just been completed in Michigan that produces a 40,000 volt current. Thu current will be used to light the streets and run street cars in Kalamazoo, Allegan, Battle Creek and Jackson. To do this the current will travel niucty miles through copper wires. The next biggest enterprise of the kind is the 33,000 volt plant run by a waterfall in the Santa Ann river, Cal., for light and to propel street cars in the city of Los Angeles. Buffalo, N. Y., gets electric light and power from Niagara, and Toronto will soon be doing the eaine thing. All over tho world tho cataracts a e being harnessed, and every such harnessing n cans thou sands of tons of coal save 1 per day. Tho reign of King Coal, with his grime, cinders and pallid faces, will Bomeday be ended, and mau will soon be blessed with heat, light and power .without consulting the black monarch.' FULL CONTROL OVER ISLANDS Plenary Powers May Dc Applied lo Their Government. PRESIDENT MAKES STATEMENT Information Given Out By Nenry Loom is Nelson Is Published In New York Fapers. A statement made by President Mc Kinley to Henry Looniis Nelson as to tho American policy toward the newly acquired islands has beon published in the New York papers. The article is vouched for as an au thoritative interpretation of the presi dent's views. According to Mr. Nelson "it is Mr. McKinley's belief, and it will be his purpose to carry the belief into opera tion, that the constitution does not ap ply to any of-our new islands; that those people are not fit for self government beyond that proposed for Hawaii; that our new possessions must not be permitted to injure any of our protected interests and that free trade with Porto Rico is right because our protected interests will not be injured thereby. "Tho president believes and this is the most important statement that can possibly be made touching his present beliefs that congress has plenary power over Hawaii, Porto Hico and the Philippines: "lie holds that congress may pass one tariff law for Porto Rico, another for Hawaii, another for the Philippines and that all may be different from that of the United States. "It does not appear likely to his mind that any question can ever arise as to the civil rights of the people of these places. "Mr. McKinley's attitude, then, to ward the natives is benevolent, ne desires to elevate them, to educate them, and he hopes that, in the end, they will become worthy of being en trused with local self government. He does not think any of these natives are worthy now, except the few in Hawaii, upon whom it ia intended to bestow the suffrage a few more than possessed the suffrage under the Dole government. "Mr. McKinley holds that the con stitution only applies to a territory when it sets up thereby a treaty or by legislation. Upon this point there are authorities in his favor, but he goes beyond the authorities and holds that congress is not bound by the lim itation when it enters upon the task of legislatingit, 1. e. : "It may refuse to the natives and to the American citizens who may go to our colonies, the right of jury trial, the right of free speech, the right to bear arms, the right of peaceable as semblage and of petition, freedom from unwarrantable arrest, freedom from search, and those rights which the constitution guards so jealously. But the main purpose of the president is to deal with the islands as markets for America and as the subject of commercial exploitation generally. "The president is a thorough be liever in the moral and intellectual value of commerce, and he proceeds on the theory that when a nation is doing well as a buyer and seller, it is presumptively well governed and its people are morally sound. He looks forward to benefiting the natives by expanding the blessings of Protestant Christianity and civilization by meaus of commerce." It is important to digress a moment, says Mr. Nelson, for the purpose of saying that the president is largely under the influence of certain clergy men, one of whom considers he is the chosen champion of Protestantism in its imaginary war with Romanism, and this accounts in a large measure for his conviction that in spreading Christianity and civilization among the heathen he is gaining and keeping the approval of good Ameri cans. Mr. McKinley is a loyal Meth odist and is naturally stirred and moved by the enthusiasm and spirit of that important denomination. It does not follow, on the president's theory, that if free trade is established between this country and Porto Rioo there should not be a protective tariff against the products of the Phil ippines and Cuba; for Cuba is talked about naturally, in administration cir cles and in congress as if its annexa tion to this country was a matter of course. Oue thing is settled definitely in re spect to the Philippines. The open door is not to be applied to them. The Republican party will not consent to give the Asiatic world an opportun ity to land its geods in the Philip pines free of duty, to enjoy whatever modified tariff there may be establish ed between the Philippines and thu country. FAVORABLE JO CANAL House Committee Makes Report Show ing Feasibility and Profit of Proposed Waterway. Chairman Hepburn, of the house committee on iutertato and foreign commerce, has submitted the report of tho committee in favor of the Hep burn bill for constructing the Nioara- guan canal. Iho report says in part: "If the provisions of the bill can be carried out the United States will, within a few years, (from six to eight) bo in full ownership and control of a waterway connecting the oceans that it can defend and that it can uso in the interests of its navy and its merchant marine a wisdom may dictate. There eoems to be but littlo doubt that the states of Nicaragua and Costa Rica will give their consent for the con struction of this great work. After reviewing the several surveys, the report countiues: "These reports above referred to, the opinionsof the engineers and scien tists believed to be entirely competent for their work, justify your committee in recommending the undertaking of the enterprise as one that is entirely practicable and that can be completed for a sum of money the expenditure of which will be wise. "It is true that the estimates of cost are variable, ranging from less than $10,000,000 to a possible $145,000, 000. It is, however, proper to say that the size and character of the canal estimated for is as variable as is the cost. Fifteen feet depth and fifty feet width was the size of the earlier project. Thirty feet depth and 100 feet width are the dimensions of the later proposed canal. "Your committee suggests in dis cussing the cash remuneration that will como to the United States from the ownership of this canal estimates only can be made. "Gentlemen connected with the Maritime Canal Company gave it as their opinion that five or Bix millions of tonnage would be the amount that would pass through the canal an nually. At present $1.55 per ton is the toll charged for the use of the Suez canal. If that rate was the rate charged at the Nicaragua canal and 4,000,000 be the tonnage passing through it, an aggregate sum of more than $0,000,000 would be the receipts. It is estimated that tho cost of main taining.and operating the canal would le SI, 000,000 annually, leaving a profit of five millions. COL. BRYAN IN FLORIDA. Nebraskan Reaches Home of III Kins man Where Reception is Held. On his arrival at Brooksville, Fla., Saturday, Mr. Bryan was met by a large crowd which gave him arousing welcome. He wa3 at once driven to the residence of his cousin, Judge Jen nings, where an informal reception was held. At noon a barbecue was served in the courthouse square, after which Mr. Bryan was escorted to a stand erected for the occasion, from which he addressed the people at length on the questions of the day. He affirmed his undying faith in freo silver, advocated the adoption of the income tax, denounced the trusts and imperialism and declared for tho freedom of the Philippines. He was especially emphatio in his statements as to the silver question and closed bysaying that the old issue of 16 to 1 was the "only relief in store for the common people.'1 nis speech aroused much enthusiasm and was applauded throughout. PORTO RIC.IXS KICK. merchants Make Loud Protest Against Prohibitive Duty. Several of the largest merchants of San Juan, Porto Rico, upon being in terviewed, unanimously expressed the opinion that immediate congres sional uction is absolutely essential to the intertsts of the isUnd. They say that the crops are immovable, the pro posed duty, under the Foraker bill, on sugar and tobacco, being prohibi tive. The estates are idle and bankers re fuse to advace funds on account of the extension of mortgages; the planters are desperate, and the people dis couraged and they demand absolute free trade. The local press expresses the opin ion ,hat the conditions on the isladds were better during the dark days of the Spanish regime. BLIZZARD IN NEW I0RK. The First Real Snowstorm of the Wlntet Strikes the City. With all the fury of a blizzard, th first real Bnowstorm of the winter de cended upon New York Saturday, ac companied by high winds. Elever inches of snow fell and the air was fearfully cold. Harbor shipping was almost at a standstill. On land trains were delay ed, and in many instauces stalled by the storm, the high wind causing the snow to drift. As a result of the storm, the poor of the city suffered greatly, and the de partment of charities had to extend its utmost energies to relieve sufferers. JACOBSDAL ENTERED British Tako Fo333sion of Boor Town In Orange Froo State. MILITARY FOLICE PATROL STBEETS. The Utmost Order Prevails and Inhabi tants Show No 111 Will Towards Iho Invaders. Advices from Jacobsdal, Orange Freo State, state that Roberts' troops entered the captured town Sunday. Tho utmost order prevails theie. Military police patrol the streots, but not a stick of furniture has been taken. A sentry has bean placed be fore each store, and the soldiers are allowed to enter and purchase what they require. Everything is fo peaceful that the inhabitants express the utmost sur prise, as it had been diligently re ported that the British occupation meant instant looting. Judging from the conversations of the inhabitants, the Free State is weary of the war. It is openly said that President Steyn betrayed the people. When the latter became sat isfied there was no truth in the stories of the looting proclivities of the Brit ish, the townspeople welcomed the troops as friends. Since the battle of the Modder river, the town has not been garrisoned, but has been merely used as a hospitable depot. When the Boers fired on the British Wednesday, the townspeople protest ed. Although tho British shell ing consideraoly frightened the wo men, the shells were only directed at a ridge beyond the town, which was intrenched. The German hospital remains in beautiful order. It is clean and sani tary, and the wounded on both sides are equally well attended. A correspondent talked with a num ber of the Boer wounded, and they ac knowledged tnat the British move ments had nonpulsed the burgher commanders. Even now, it is added, they are under the impression that the sole object aas the capture of Jacobs dal. When informed of the relief of Kimberley, they were at first incredu lous and then astounded. The landrost remains in the town. Other advices from Jacobsdal stated that General Cronje, with 10,000 men, was in full retreat toward Bloemfon tein with General Kelley-Kenny fight ing the rear guard and harassing the retreat. The Boers captured a large convoy as a result of Thursday's fighting at Riet river. The British casualties were comparatively slight in view of the tremendous bombardment. Less than thirty men were wounded and but one killed. General French's division was en thusiastically welcomed at Kimberley. The officers dined at the club in the evening. Tho news of the entry into Kimberley has greatly cheered the troops, who are working splendidly. ROBE UTS ADVISES BURGHERS. Issues ii Proclamation Urging; Them ts Cease Fish ting. A dispatch from Capo Town says: Lord Roberts has issued a proclama tion to the burghers of the Orango Free State, saying that he feels it his duty to make known to all the burgh ers the cause of the coming of the British as well as to do all in his pow er to terminate the war, aud that he issues the proclamation in order that if the burghers should continue fight ing they may not do so ignorantly.but with a full knowledge of their respon sibility before God for the lives lost in the campaign. POSITION OF L. and N. . In Regard to the Political Fight in Ken tucky Is Made Public. Milton H. Smith, president of the Louisville and Nashville railroad, has given out for the benefit of the publio the correspondence which passed be tween tho officers of his road and Henry Watterson, of The Louisville Courier-Journal, bearing on the Ken tucky election for governor. The correspondence is highly inter esting, as it furnishes a missing link in the tragedy of which Governor Wil liam Goebel was the victim. DEMOCRATS REACH DECISION. Iteckham' Followers Agree to Meet In Frankfort. The adjournment of the Democratic legislature at Louisville Saturday to meet in Frankfort revives interest in the political contest and promises to put an end to the lull wnicn fcas pre vailed during the last few days. There were more Democratic mem bers in Frankfort Saturday night thau bad been together at any one time since they adjourned and fied to Cincinnati. Louisville and other points to avoid being arrested by the militia aud taken to London, where the Re publican legislature was then Bitting. The Ileal Test for Swearing, Wrangler You sny that Job'a pa tionce never was really tented? QuibMer I do. Why, he never put the lighted end of his cigar in his month just as he wanted to make hit argument most impressive. Life. liiirnaclr on Ocean Cables. The rooHrit Investigation for culilii lnilug la td Twine Oitaii liivii rpvpftln I tlio Interest. Intf fiirt, lluil ir not iiiuii roc k iinitoii. I In' j It'rn'luiilly become eiirrtiHli'il villi Ijiii limits ii ml seawAoilN. lii'tttv enough to break them. 'J'hl H like riyiitia. wuli-li If It is not i ln-rk. eii, grown until it break down the liitltli Hosteller's btnmaeh Hitlers will prevent as well a cure Imlifrestloii, dyspepsia, bilious netet, liver Mini klilney troubles. It Innki'i weak sUmiat lis ntfoug. All ilrugglHts sell U. l-'vrr Mcrt JIiiimoii? Jack "lis! lis! That's a good ktory. Here corn's Jlmson; tell Itto him." 'J oin "No, I never tell a new funny tory toJlmson. It always reniloils him of an old ami dismal one." 44 A Stitch in Time 1 Saves Nine. A broken stitch, like the "little rift within the late', is the beginning of trouble. "I am tired, not ill9 4 'It tw'fif soon pass iwiy." " I don't believe in medicine." These" ire the broken stitches thit tend to serious illness. Nature is 'wise and in Hood's SirsapirilU she his furnished the mejins to tike up broken stitches. Why? Heause it sUrts it the root and cleanses the blood. Dad Blood "For years I was troubled tudh my blood, my face tons pile, I never felt tuell. Three bottles of Hood' s SirsipirilU nude me feel better And give men heilthy color. " Mic Cross, 24 Cedir Av., South, Minneapolis, Minn. $wcd& SaUapmii flood's Tills cure liver Ills; th non-lrrltstlng and only cathartic to Uke with Hood's BftVsipriila. Acquiring Great Fortunes In China. "The 'squeeze,' " pays a correspond ent of the Boston Transcript, writing from China, "is a national institution from which every one suffers or de rives advantages, from the Dowager Empress to the humblest gatekeeper. This is already well known every where. -There is not a 'privilege' of any kind, and privileges or concessions are as numerous here as at home, from which the Dowager Empress does not benefit financially. Every servant in the palace, from the highest to the lowest, wrings fees out of those who must enter the Forbidden City, what ever their errand may be. A high offi cial said recently that it cost him as much as one thousand ounces of silver to get access to the palace, even when he had been summoned on official busi ness by the Dowager Empress herself. Chinese officials receive only nominal salaries; the gieat LI Hung Chang, when Viceroy of China the highest office In the Empire next to that of the Imperial ruler himself received out of the public treasury a sum equal to $S0 In American currency per annum. He has achieved a fortune of something like $3,000,000 not $300,000,000, as has been stated and how he scraped this together enn better be imagined than described." FOR MIDDLE-AGED WOMEH. Two Letters from Women Helped Through the "Change of Life" by tydia Ii.-Pink-ham's Vegetable Compound. " Dkab Mrs. Pikkham : When I first wrote to you I was in a very bad con dition. I was passing through tho change of life, and the doctors said I had bladder and liver trouble. I had suffered for nine years. Doctors failed to do me any good. Since I have taken Lydia E. I'inkham's Vegetable Com pound, my health has improved very much. I will gladly recommend your medicine to others and am sure that it will prove as great a blessing to them as it has to me." Mrs. Geo. II. Juke, 901 DeKalb Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. Relief Came Promptly "DeauMrs. Pikkham: I had been under treatment with the doctors for four years, and seemed to get no better, I thought I would try your medicine. My trouble was change of life, and I must say that I never had anything help me so much as Lydia E. Plnk ham'i Vegetable Compound. Belief came almost immediately. I have better health now than I ever had. I feel like a new woman, perfectly strong. I give Lydia E. Pinkham'a Compound all the credit, and would not do without her medicine for any thing. I have recommended it to several of my friends. There ia no need of women suffering1 so much for Mrs. Pinkham's remedies are a sure cure." Maiiala Butler, Bridge water, 111. Another Woman Helped ' Dear Mrs. Pinkh am : I took Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound during change of life and derived great benefit from its use." Mary E. Jajjes, 13G Coydon St., Bradford, Pa. anrsitfsiinE rr Is THE BEST Ink. Ecntioa this Papsr'jST" 0.