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1 ) 'V ) v DILL ARP'S LETTER Bartow Man Docply Concerned In W elfaro of Stato Prisoners. ADLY DISCLOSES CARE OF CONVICTS Through Reading the Reports cf Camp OfflclaU Wllliam't Attention la Directed to an Ever-Ab-orbing Problem. Next in importance to the educa tion of the children of tho state comes the care cf the convicts, the lunatics and the deaf and blind. These are charges, flxad charges that rest every where upon the citizen and taxpayer and cannot be avoided. A careful pe rusal of the last reports of the officers of these institutions give us deep con cern for their Inmates are increasing fatter than population and this in crease indicates a growing degeneracy In mental, physical or moral condition of our people. These reports give much Interesting matter, for there is hardly a state in the union where sim ilar institutions are so ably and faith fully officered. We are especially for tunate' In having- such a capable and experienced man as Dr. Powell at the head of our sanitarium. The appre hension is that when he dies we cannot fill his place for we cannot find a man who has both his ability and his long experience. The earn can be said of Professor Connor, in charge of the chool for the deaf. These two are veterans in the service and have by their long and faithful work allayed all public anxiety abotft those institutions. , But why should so many more chil dren be born deaf and dumb than for merly, and why should so many more people become insane? Only a few years age Prof. Connor reported 105, and now he has 215 in charge. Do folks kep on marrying their cousins and will the law keep on allowing It? As to the sanitarium", there seems to be no limit, .no diminution of the rapid Increase and as last as more room is provided more still is wanted. Dr. Powell reports that on October 1, 1900, there were 1,700 whites and 742 colored on hand, and the new applica tions now average about six per day. Of course many die and it is a comfort to k'now that many recover their rea son and are discharged. Two hun dred and fifty-nine whites and ninety four negroes were discharged last year. One hundred and fifty-six whites and 186 negroes died. The doc tor gives pleasant and easy employ ment to all who can and are willing to work. He is a philosopher of my own kind, for he says he has found that work, manual labor, is more con ducive to restoration and contentment than any other medicine. Gardening, sewing, washing, canning fruits, etc., is done on a large scale. Much more of this is done than formerly and the report shows an Immense business. Just think of last y-ear's work 1,000 aprons, 2,000 bedticks, 3,000 chemises, 1,800 calico dresses, 700 homespun dresses, 4,700 pair drawers, 4,500 pil low cases, 5,0o0 pair pants, 3,800 shirts, 1,600 undershirts and quilts by the score crazy quilts, I suppose making a total of over 50,000 articles made by crazy women. Good gracious! what an industrial female famny the doctor has got. In this way he has greatly reduced the cost of maintenance and brought down the per capita to $117. But on the other hand, he has to be continually repairing or replacing something, for he says "Insanity means destruction and that the ten dency of a large number of patients Is to destroy furniture, crockery, bed ding, clothing, lights, sash and some times tearing their rooms to pieces." Now just imagine what an army of lunatics we have. Cartersvide is quite a large little country town of 3,500 people, but three-fourths of them are children under age. We have only about 800 grown-up people who are fit to be lunatics, but here at the sanita rium are three times as many, and the number increasing every year. But the report of the prison com mission gives us most anxiety, for that concerns crime and involves the safe ty of our people from the lawless who fear not God nor regard man. The maintenance of the sanitarium costs the state $275,000 annually, but there Is one good thing, and only one about the convicts. They cost the state noth ing after the trial, but on the contrary they bring in considerable revenue, and under the new system this reve nue is rapidly Increasing. Gen. Evans, Mr. Eason and Mr. Turner Inaugurated this system only two years ago and it has already proved a signal success. The state now aas the absolute con trol of all its convicts and hag pur chased a large farm near Milledgeville, where tho old men and the boys and all the women are kept. Under the skilful management of Mr. Foster the farm raid well the first year, and the convicts are nearly as happy as they w-re in old slavery time. Most or th able bodied convicts are leased to far mers at good price s, but the utate pro vides guards and medical attention. I Ir re Is another army of 2.300 to look after, but these are not all. mere aro 2.3D0 more at work in the county chalngnngs, making a total of 4,Co0, of whom 358 aro white ton are white wo men and 215 are negro women. Of the state convicts for felony 907 are guilty of murder or manslaughter, 915 for burglary or robbery or lar ceny, 237 for the usual crJme. The rest are for most any other crime in the catalogue. Most of them were labor ers, but I note that twenty-seven did nothing and eighteen were preachers. Ninety per cent of tho negroes are be tween the ages of fifteen and forty, and knew nothing of slavery. Only 1 per cent are the old slaves who are over sixty years old. Two hundred and forty-lour cf thfra are serving a second term. Thirty are serving a third term and a few a fourth and fifth term. They seem to like it. One thousand and twenty ot ttiese convicts are from three counties -Fulton. Chatham and Bibb. As Thomas Jefferson said, "The Influence of cities is pestilential to good morals." It Is especially so with negroes. The large majority of the negro convicts are from the cities and large towns. Twenty years ago there were 1,100 negro convicts and 90 per cent of them were wholly illiterate, could neither read nor write. Now he have 4,300 negro convicts and 54 per cent can read and write. How is that? Does education lessen crime or In crease it? Mr. Stetson, the state sta tistician of Massachusetts, saya it "in creases crime not a little, but im mensely," and he proves it. It cer tainly does among the negro race in Georgia. It is curious to note that we have two counties In the state White and Gilmer that have no representative among tue convicts. There are four counties Towns, Pickens, Banks and Dawson that have but one each. There are three counties Union, Mur ray and Rabun that have out two each. How is that for good morals in our most northern mountain counties, where the schoolmaster has not been abroad in the land to any alarming ex tent. , No, the truth is, that education of itself neither lessens nor increases crime. It depends on the moral train ing that the boys get either from his teacher or his parents or his early as sociates, but if his environments are bad his education makes him a more dangerous citizen, for it enables him to cover up and conceal his crime or to escape from punishment in some way. It is like throwing pearls before swine to give the vile and vicious an education, but we can't pick them be forehand and so all must have a chance. But if I was a lawmaker I would put Borne penalties upon bad citizens, uion the idle and vicious, whether white or black. We do not allow them to have meir names in the jury box. They cannot try a man for crime nor set in judgment upon his civil rights. Why snould such men be trusted with the ballot? Why not let the same commission that makes up the jury box also make up the ballot box? If some good negroes got in and some bad white men were left out, it would be rewarding merit and putting a pen alty upon bad citizens. Alabama and Virginia have this question before their conventions and we hope they will consider it wisely and give en couragement to good citizens, whether they be white or olack. Good conduct should be the test. It is more impor tant than education or property. Let us purge the ballot box just as we do the jury box. Purge it once a year. Put such colored men as Gassett and Joe Brown and Tribble in and leave all such white men as Pat Banks out son't shut the door forever on gootl negroes. By the way, I wish somebody would hunt up our cook and send her home. She is not a "settled 'oman," and is just gallivanting around till her spell is off. I have to get up before I feel like it and fire up the stove and then call the girls and they get a good breakfast m half an hour. Biscuit and coffee and hominy and fried eggs and beefsteak are good enough for any body, but I will have to discharge our cook and hire her over again and leave out the spell privilege. Bill Arp, io. Atlanta Constitution. FIRE SWEEPS, WHEAT FIELD. Flames Eat Up 300,000 Bushels at Great Bend, Kansas. Fifteen thousand acres of wheat went up in flames near Great Bend, Kan., Monday afternoon. The fire was started by an unknown man throwing a lighted cigar into a field of wheat stubble. Everything was as dry as tin der and soon the dtructive fire was in progress, and u was late in the eve ning before the fire 'was under control. Roughly estimated, the loss in wheat will aggregate 300,000 bushels, nearly all of which was in shock. General Dan Sickles III. According to a New York dispatch General Daniel E. Sickles is seriously ill In Pleasantville, N. Y. DR.TALn AGE'S SURHON Tb Eminent Dlvlne'i Sunday Discourse. Subject- Control Your Temper Why Oni IWity llav it YV'lioIrantiiA I n1 1 g (ml Ion Mim That Wti MiouM It Aiifc-ry W illi rily tlie Sinner. U'opyrlnJit Washington, I). ( A delicate and dillicult duty in by Dr. Talmage in this discourse urged upon all and especially ujion those given to quick temper; text, hphesians iv, 1'0, "Be ye angry and mil nut." Equipoise of temper, kindness, patience, forbe arancc, are extolled by most of the radiant pens of inspiration, but my text contains that which at tirnt sight in start ling. A certain kind of anger is approved; aye, we are commanded to indulge in it. Ihe most of us have no need to cultivate high temper, and how often we nay things and do things under affronted im pulse which we are sorry for when per haps it in too late to make effective etiol ogy! Why, then, should the apostle Paul dip his pen in the ink horn and trace upon paper for all ages, the injunction, "Be ye angry and sin not?" My text commends a wholesome indie nation. It discriminates between the of fence and the offender, the Bin and the sinner, the crime and the criminal. To illustrate, alcoholism has ruined more fortunes, blasted more homes, de stroyed more souls than any evil that I think of. It pours a river of poison and fire through the rations. Millions have died because of it, and millions are dying now, and others will die. Intemperance is an old sin. The great Cyrus, writing to the Lacedemonians of himself, boasted of many of his qualities, among others that he could drink and- bear more "wine than his distinguished brother. Louis X. and Alexander the Great died drunk. The Parliament of Edinburgh in 1661 is called in history "the drunken Parliament." Hugh Miller, first stonemason and after ward a world renowned geologist, writes of the drinking habits of his day, saying: "When the foundation was laid, they drank. When the walls were leveled for laying, they drank. When the building was finished, they drank. When an ap prentice joined, they drank." In the eighteenth century the giver of an enter tainment boasted that none or the guests went home sober. Noah, the first ship captain, was wrecked not in the ark, for that was safely landed, but he was wrecked with strong drink. Every man or woman rightly constructed will blush with indig nation at the national and international and hemispheric and planetary curse. It is good to be aroused against it. You come out of that condition a better man or a better woman. Be ye angry at that abomination, and the more anger the more exaltation to character. But that aroused feeling becomes sinful when it extends to the victim of this great evil. Drunken ness vou are to hate with a vivid hatred, but the drunkard you are to pity, to help to extricate. Just take into consideration that there are men and women who once were as upright as yourself who have been pros trated by alcoholism. Perhaps it came of a physician's prescription for the relief of pain, a recurrence of the pain calling for a continuance of the remedy. Perhap3 the grandfather was an inebriate, and the temptation to inebriety, leaping over a generation, has swooped on this unfortu nate. Perhaps it was a very gradual chaining of the man with the beverage which was thought to be a servant, when one day it announced itself master. Be humble now, and admit that there is a strong probability that under the same circumstances yoc yourself might have been captured. The two appropriate emo tions for you to allow are indignation at the intoxicant which enthralled and sym pathy for the victim. Try to get the suf ferer out of his present environment. Recommend any hygienic relief that you know of, and, above all, implore the di vine rescue for the struggle in which so many of the noblest and grandest have been worsted. Do not give yourself up to too many philippics about what the man ought to have been and ought to have done. While your check flushes with wrath at the foe that has brought the ruin, let your eye be mositened with tears of pity for the sufferer. In that way you will have fulfilled the induction of the text, "Be ye angry and sin not." There is another evil the abhorrence of winch you are all called to, and it is on the increase the gambling practice. Re cent developments show that much of this devastation is being wrought in ladies'' parlors. It is an evil which sometimes is as polite and gracious as it is harmful. Indeed there never were so many people trying to tret rionev without earninz it. But it is a haggard transgression that comes down to us from the past, blighting all its way. I have seen in the archives of the nation in this national capital a large book in which one of the early Presidents of the United States kept an account in his own handwriting of gains and losses at play ing cards, on one page the gains and on the other the losses, and there are many pages. In other days many of national reputation went from the halls of Con gress and the Senate chamber to spend the night in notorious gambling saloons. In Spain a don lost in twenty-four hours what equals $12,000,000. Twenty years ago it was estimated that the average gambling exchange of money throughout Christendom exceeded $123il00,000.000 a year, Dut sranstrcs twenty years ago worrra be tame compared with the present statis tics if we could find any one able enough at figures to tabulate them. It is all the same spirit of gambling whether the in struments are cards or the clicking chips or the turning wheel or the bids of the Stock Exchange, where people sell what they never owned and fail because they cannot get paid for it. A prominent banker tells me that he thinks 50,000 peo ple were financially prostrated bv the re cent insanities in Wall street, llere and there a case is reported, but the vast ma jority suffer in suence. The children are brought home from school; the wardrobe will be denied replenishment; the table will have scant supply; wild generosity will be turned into grim want. Forty years from now will be felt the disaster of last month's black Thursday. But, while you are hotly indignant against the crime, how do you feel about those who were fleeced and slain? They did not know that their small boat was so near the maelstrom. Some of them were born with a tendency to recklessness and experiment and hazard. They inherited a disposition to tempt chance. Do not heap on them additional discouragements' Do not deride their losses. Help them to 6tart again. Show them that there are. more fortunes to be gained than have yet been gathered, and that with God for their friend they will be provided for here, and through the Saviour's mercy they may reign forever in the land where, there are no losses and infinite gains. Winle you may redden in the face at the fact Uut gambling L the disgraceful moth er of lnuUitu liom crime, of cnvie.n, jeid iimics, revenges, ipiarreU, cruelticn, f.(!- llo(lds, fill jJi-l'll'V suicides, lout den 11 rid (If- Fpur, be (artful what you say to tho vic tim of the yie and what you do. He needs more sympathy thun the In, in who came up from inebriety ami ilcli.ui. li and (iH.isHiiuition, for many such repent and are saved, but rniifirun'd gumblei n hunliy ever reform. 1 luring the course of a pro hinged niinittry I h.ive Keen thousand re deemed, many of them who were clear tone in sin, by Almighty grace rescued. In all parts of this land ami in Home parts cf other land 1 have Keen those who were given up in incorrigible nnd lost recov ered for God and heaven, but how many toiilinned gamblers have I seen converted from their evil ways? A thousand J No. Five hundred? No. Fifty? No. Two? No. One? No. I read in a book of one such rescued. I have no doubt there have been other cases, but no evil does its work so thoroughly and eternally ai gambling. Such almost hopelessness of reformation ought to call forth from you deeper sympa thy than you feel for any other unfortu nate. Pity, by all means, for those who, shipwrecked and bruised among the tim bers, have nevertheless climbed up to the fisherman's cabin and found warmth and shelter, but more pity for those who never reach shore, but are dashed to death in the breakers. He angry at the sin, but sympathize with its victims. There is another sin that we arc often times called to be angry with, and that is fraud. We all like honesty, and when it is sacrificed we are vehement in denuncia tion. We hope that the detective will soon come upon the track of the absconding hank oilicial, ot the burglar who blew tip the safe, of the clerk who skilfully chanced the figures in the account book, of the fal sifier who secured the loan on valueless property, of the agent who because of his percentage wrongfully admits a man to the benefit of a life insurance policy when his heart is ready to stop and who comes from an ancestry characteristically short lived. Vine net ot train! told of in big headlines in the morning papers rightfully arouses the nation's wrath. It is the in terest of every good man and good woman who reads of the crime to have it exposed and punished. Let it go unscathed, and you put a premium on fraud, you depress public morals, you induce those who are on the fence between right and wrong to fo down on the wrong side, and you put the business of the world on a down grade. The constabulary aad penitentiary must do their woik. But while the merciless and the godless cry, "Good for him I am glad he is with'n the prison doors!" be it your work to find out if that man is worth saving and what were the causes of his moral overthrow. Perhaps he started in business life under a tricky firm, who gave him wrong notions of busi ness integrity; perhaps there was a com bination of circumstances almost unpar alleled for temptation, perhaps there were alleviations, perhaps he was born wrong and never got over it, perhaps he did not realize what he was doing, and if you are a merciful man you will think of other perhapscs which, though they will not ex cuse, will extenuate. Perhaps he has al ready repented and is washed in the blood rf the Lamb, and is 88 sure of heaven as you are. What an opportunity you have now for obeying my text! You were angry at the misdemeanor, but you are hopeful for the recovery of the recalcitrant. Blessed all prison reformers! Blessed are those Gov ernors and Presidents who arc glad when they have a chance to pardon! Blessed the forgiving father who welcomes home the prodigal! Blessed the dying thief whom the Lord took with Him to glory, saying, "This day shalt thou be with Me in paradise." There is another evil that we ought to abhor while we try to help the victim, and that is infidelity. It snatches the life pre server from the man afloat and affords not so much as a spar or a plank as sub stitute. It would extinguish the only light that has ever been kindled for the troubled and the lost. Let the spirit of inGdelity take h6ld of a neighborhood, and in that town ttie marriage relation is a farce, and good morals give piace to all styles of immorals. Let it take possession of this earth, and there would be no vir tue left in all the world's circumference. I think if a famous infidel of our time instead of being taken away instanta neously had died in his bed after weeks and months of illness he would have re voked his teachings and left for his be loved family consolations which they could not find in obsequies at which not one word of holy Scripture was read or at Fresh Pond crematory, where no Chris tian benediction was pronounced. I do not positively say that in a prolonged ill nessthere would have been a retraction, but I think there would. I say to all young men hoping to achieve financial, moral or religious success, con trol your tempers. Do not let criticism or rebuff defeat you. Verdi, the great musician, applied to become a student in the Conservatory of Music at Milan, and he was rejected by the director, who said that lie could make nothing of the new comer, as he showed no disposition for music. But the criticism did not exasper ate or defeat him. The most of those who have largely succeeded in all departments were characterized by self control. In battle they could calmly look at the bomb thrown at their feet, wondering whether it would explode. In commercial life, when panics smote the city, these men were placid, while others were yelling themselves hoarse at the Stock Exchange. While others nearly swooned because a certain stock had gone 100 points down they calmly waited until it would get 100 points up. While the opposing attorney in the courtroom frothed at the mouth with rage because of something said on the other side he of the equipoise put a glass of water to his lips in refreshment and proceeded with the remark, "As I was saying when the gentleman interrupted me." Self control! What a glorious thing! We want it in the doctor feeling the pulse of one desperately ill; we want it in the engineer when the headlight of another train comes round the curve on the same track; we want it in Christian men and women in times when so much in church and state seems going to demo lition self control! Surpassing all other characters in the world's biography stands Jesus Christ, wrathful against sin, merciful to the sin ner. Witness His behavior toward the robed ruffians who demanded capital pun ishment for an offendim; woman denun ciation for their sinful hypocrisy, pardon for her sweet penitence. He did not speak of Herod as "his highness" or "his royal highness," hut dared to compare him to a cunning fox, saying, "Go ye and tell that fox." But, alert to the cry of suffering. He finds ten lepers, and to how many of the ten awful invalids did He give convalescence and health! Ten. Re buking Pharisaism in the most compressed sentence in all the vocabulary of ana thema: "Ye serpents! Ye generation of vipers! How can ye escape the damna tion of bell?" Yet looking upon Peter ivith such tenderness that no word was spoken, an! not a word was needed, for the look spoke louler than words. "And the Lord looked upon Peter, anl Peter went out and wept bitterly." Defying the pMtfhtiot Government r-f the w rM, the I'uuisrt Gum-i mm-nt, Vi t lul.biig Hi lend just behi'V the lop -h 1 of the bond until the rplie nerve it hint who Wt born sightle:, u created, nrnt the sunlight has two iii'W paths l tread. Rest illiittiMlioti the world ever saw of anger without sin, anger sctuist the abom inations which have mauled and b!ated the earth from it deepest cavern t its highest did. but so nun h pity for the sin ning and suffering tuitions that He allowed them to transfix I Inn upon two piece of wood nailed across each other on a d.iv that ws dark At night, th windows of heaven shut because the i'nmortils coul.l not bear to look down upon tie assassin ation of the loveliest being that ever walked the shore of the lakes or without pillow or blanket slept on the cold mount ains. Like Him, let us hate iniquity with com plete hatred, but like Hiru may we help those who are overthrown and be willing, tn suffer for their restoration. 11 en, al though at the opening of this discourse, our text may have seemed to command in to do an impossible thing, we will at Urn close of this sermon, with a prayer toj God for help, be more rigid and deter mined than ever before against that whieli is wrong, while at the same time we shall feel so kindly toward all the erring ami work so hard for their rescue that we will realize that we l ave scaled the Alpine, tho Himalayan height of my text, which en joins, "Be yc angry und siu not." PROMINENT PEOPLE. The report of the Pope's illness profes unfounded. Count and Countess von Waldersee will visit America next year. Geuernl Maximo Gomez, the Cuban patriot, is on a vitilt to the United States. The Sultan of Turkey Is one of tho most enthusiastic chess players in Europe. Admiral Dewey and General Joseph Wheeler have been widely entertained at Newport, II. I. Prince Chuan, a brother of tho Em peror of China, will visit the United States la the fall. Andrew Carnegie has Increased bis library gift to Port Jervis, N. Y., from $20,000 to $.10,000. Governor-General Wood, nt Havana, Cuba, is improving, but his physicians advise him to rest. King Edward has conferred on the Sultan pt Morocco the OrucT of Knight Grand Cross of the Bath. Mrs. Creighton is at work on a biog raphy of her late husband, Dr. Crelgh ton, who was formerly Bishop of Lon don. M. Cambon, the French Ambassador at Washington, bade President Mc Kinley goodby before sailing for Paris. He expects to return in the fall. The new Italian ambassador to Lon don, Sig. Alberto Panza, is possessed of a very Intimate knowledge of Euro pean statecraft. He is fifty-seven years old. The Bev. Dr. Byron Sunderland, for many years pastor of the First Pres byterian Church in Washington, died at the home of a son-in-law at Cats kill, N. Y. President McKinley Is planning to make a trip to the Northwest early next summer. He will visit Washing ton, Oregon and other States of the northern tier, taking in Yellowstone Tark, which he has never seen. LABOR WORLD. Farm labor Is reported scarce In 'all parts of Delaware. Ten glad factories at Massillon, Ohio, have shut down. Missouri and Kansas coal minora have failed to agree with the operators on a wagp schedule. i The American Cattle Growers' Asso ciation has been formed at Denver, Col., to secure fair shipping rates. The street laborers' strike at Roch ester, N. Y., has apparently failed. Some of the strikers lu.ve returned to work. Tho strike against the American Sheet Steel Company involves 30,000 men. and may extend to the entire Steel Trust. The Northern Faciflc Railroad man agement has voluntarily Increased the pay of its first-class mechanics from ten to fifteen per cent. Nine hundred women operatives in the George C. Batcheller & Company factory nt Bridgeport, Conn., left their work owing to a new cheek system. The members of the local unions of bricklayers in New York City, about S00O in number, now receive sixty cents an hour, an advance of live cents. Reports of a building boom in Chi cago have cawsed hundreds of me chanics to flock to that city in search of work, only to find that there is not even employment enough for the local workmen. The executive council, of the Amer ican Federation of Labor has author ized nn assessment on affiliated organi zations for the purpose of aiding the striking machinists in their contest for a nine-hour day. A strike for the mustache is threat ened In Taris. One automobile con cern has ordered clean shaves for its chauffeurs, and the men, in union as sembled, have resolved to quit the ma chines sooner than the hirsute adorn tuents of tlKir upper lips. JELKS OFFERS REGARD. Alabama's New Governor Hot After Members of Elmore County Mob. Governor Jelks, of Alabama, has bro ken the recora In offering rewards. He has offered $400 for evidence to secure the conviction of each member of the mob which lynched Robert White in Elmore county recently. No one knows the size of the mob and the total re ward may figure into the thousands.