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The Camden chronicle. (Camden, Tenn.) 1890-current, January 24, 1902, Image 5

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Eoao History Ancnt tha Ancient
Origin cf Christmas Festival.
Old Father Time Experienced Hard
Time In Finally Getting Hla Cal
endar on Straight.
nearly sixteen hundred years have
pascd bluce Christmas was first cele
brated by Christians. During all these
long centuries 'they have not failed to
nieet somewhere and pay reverence to
the day that somehow was chosen as
tho birth of the Savior. It la not at
all certain that tho 25th of December
waa Ills birthday, but that does not
matter much, to that Christian people
observe Eomo day and show their grat
itude. Indeed, the Creeks and tho iius-
uans etill celebrate the 5th of Jan
uary and call It Christmas, for they
have never yet adopted the new calen
dar established by Pope Gregory XIII
in the year 15S2. Now, it is important
for the young people and many of tho
old ones to know that for nearly six
teen centuries old Father Time had
been gaining a little every year on the
exact -time that it takes the earth to
go around the sun. This gain had
amounted to about twelve days, so the
pope; who was a great and wise man,
issued his mandate that time should be
set back, and it was 6et back. All the
Roman Catholic countries conformed
at once to the new date, but the Pro
testant countries were jealous of the
pope, and to Germany would not con
form until the year 1700. Great Brit
ain and Ireland refused to conform
until the year 1752, and the American
colonies put it ott a few years later.
Greece and Russia have not conformed
yet, but they will. They are getting
tired of having to put two dates to all
their letters and commercial transac
tions with other countries. When Gen
eral Young was our consul at St. Pe
tersburg all his letters that were writ
ten home had two dates that were
twelve days apart One he marked
"N. S.," for new style, and the other
"O. S." for old style. England had to
abandon another measure of time, foi
until about two hundred years ago the
new year began on the 25th of March
Some countries began it on Easter day.
I tell you, my young friends, old Father
Time has had a perplexing problem to
keep his calendar straight. The day
used to begin at 6 o'clock in.the morn
ing. The week began on Monday. Th
jews naa twelve lunar montlf; of
twenty-eight days, and every third year
had thirteen to make up for lost lime
T7 . i- t j.i
i ur centuries mere were only ten
months in the year among the Greeks
and Romans, and February had thirty
six days just like all the other months.
But popes and emperors ruled the civ
ilized world, and changed the measures
of time to suit their own whims. Pope
Gregory was a scholar, a mathemati
cian and a promoter of public educa
tion, and he knew that the calendar
was wrong, and was getting more so
every year. It was a bold stroke of
power, but he was backed oy all the
great astronomers ?f Europe, and he
set the clock back, and it stands.
But what about Christmas? It has
to be written about every time it
comes arounc , for there is a new gener
ation of young people coming on ev
ery year, and they must be taught to
know aa much as those who are older,
This is the most important event that
ever happened in the history of the
world, and every man and woman and
every boy and girl who can read should
be as familiar with it as they are with
the spelling book. The word "mass
does not literally mean birth. It means
"dismissed," and came Into use be
cause after any service in the Roman
Catholic church the priest would say
the congregation is now dismissed. In
Latin, it is "mass." Hence, there was
high mass and low mass and candle
. mass and Michael mass and Christmas
a dismission and benediction after
For two or three centuries after
Christ His followers had so many ups
and downs they could not establish
holy days or feasts or festivals. Some
emperors were kind and tolerant and
some were cruel and persecuted them
During the reign of the Emperor Dio
cletian the Christians of Rome deter
mined to celebrate Christmas ,in their
own church where they had been per
raitited to worship, but Diocletian had
taken a great dislike to them, and af
ter the church was full he sent soldien
there and locked the doors and set fire
to the building and burned thfl all
alive men, women and children. The
wretch died soon after, but it was
xaany years before Christians dared to
celebrate Christmas again. This was
about the year 310. But the utmost
e .Torts of Kings and emperors to ex
tinguish Christianity failed. The more
martyrs the vu re Christian.?. They
rcr-mea to thrlv.' on persitTutlun, am
hwe It wuk tall thai "the blood of
the martyrs U the teed c.f tho churh."
Just think how much wo have to be
thankful for In this aiju and In this
land of religious liberty. No martyrs,
no persecutions, no lnqulidtlon, but ev
ery man and woman ran worship God
according to tholr own conscience,
with none to molest or rnaka (.hem
afraid. The turrets and aplrcs of teati
tlful churches adorn our land In every
city, town and village, and are a silent
guarantee of good will and protection
to every stranger that comes.
Hut ChrlBtmas has had no good time
In rnmlne down tr us through th aces.
in gomc countries It was made a frolic
a bacchanalian revel. The gay and
tha disilpatod danced to the music of
silly and profane carols and desecrated
the day with wine and Irreverent Bong.
This -execration got to be so unlversa
and so thameful that many good Chris
tiana ceased to celebrate it X'e Purl
tans refused to observe it and so did
the people of Scotland. The Scotch do
not observe it now. Well, It Is a dc-se
cration even here-, for it is made a day
of thoughtless feasting and frolic In
stead of a day of thankfulnoss. Christ
mas trees and gifts to the children are
very proper and gifts to the poor are
especially so, but all the day long oui
gratitude to God for His goouness
should be uppermost In the mind3 of
all Intelligent people. The children,
of course, we must humor to their In
nocent faith in Santa Claus and his
reindeer, for ha is supposed to be a
freat and good old man who loves
them and 13 wonderfully rich. His
Russian name Is St Nicholas and his
Dutch name is Krlss Kringle, and for
fifteen hundred years he has. beei
known as the patron saint of all goou
children. He Is no myth, but was a
veritable bishop in his day, and was
not only devoted to little children, but
took pleasure in helping young men
and maidens mate and marry. The
mistletoe feature of Christmas came
down from him, it is said, and If a
young man and maiden will piight
their troth, that Is, become engaged on
Christmas day while standing under a
mistletoe bough, they will never fpr-
sake their loves nor be divorced.
This is enough for me to write about
Christmas. Tho books have many
pretty stories and poems about this
ever memorable day. The most beauti
ful and impressive of them all Is the
one written by Clement C. Moore, be
ginning " 'Twas the night before
Christmas," The next best la by a
Virginia lady, "Kate Fostkis." Her
maiden name was Neely, but she, for
some reason, swapped it off for some
outlandish, jaw-breaking name that I
don't understand. Her poem Is an ex
quisite gem. The last verse says:
"Let none unchrlstmassed go.
Let none from any door
Unwarmed, unfed. . ;,
No kind word said
Helplees be turned away
For thine own sake we pray."
That Is the best part of Christmas
making others happy and If I was a
law-maker I would make the whole
week a holiday and give a good dinner
to the poor and even to the prisoners
In jail. And nobody should dun any
body or write a dunning letter to dis
turb his tranquility. I received ono
this morning. The clans have begun
to gather at the family mansion and
the maternal ancestor Is happy, and
trips her light fantistic toes all over
the house. It does not cost anything
to run Christmas at our house, for the
children bring their rations with them,
and one of the far-away boys writes:
"Hire another servant or two at my ex
pense. I don't want daddy to have to
bring in wood and coal any more, and
I want a Sunday dinner every day in
the week." Bill Arp, in Atlanta Con
stitution. Arrangements have been completed
for the purchase of about 435 acres
south of Indianapolis, Ind., on which
new factories are to be located.
One hundred and twenty acres of the
tract are to be divided into twenty-four
factory sites, and the remainder into
building lots for employees. Ten fac
tories are to be the nucleus around
which others will gather. The promot
ers of the plan will give a guarantee
bond for $ 00,000 that they will Irive
not less than ten factories, employing
not less than 2,000 hands, in active op
eration on or before December 31. 1302
A well-known insurance statistician
of America states that the death rate
of persons under twenty years, and
especially young children, I3 greater In
the United States than in most Euro
pean countries; but that after middle
age Americans live longer.
The Island of Java, about C73 mile3
n length and 125 miles In width, and
located only three degrees off the equa
tor, haa the distinguishing position of
supplying practically all the cinchona
Dark from which the world's supply
of quinine 13 made. There are about
25,000 acre3 of this island used ia
growing cinchona.
Hie Umlnent Divine's Sunday
Buljeet l Th Merciful Interpretation cf
Human llehlor Follow tl Divine
I.dlnaV Will Not rs This VTy
A(ln, bo Do Tour Good Now.
XVAfuisGTOS, D. C Thia discourse is
most unusual presentation of thine
that take place in many liven, and Dr.
Talnmge pWd for merciful interpretation
of tuitinn behavior, lhe text is jownua
iii, 4, "Ye have not passed this way hereto
In December. 1SS9. I waded tho Uvcr
Jordan, and, although the current waa
(trong, 1 was able to war up against u.
but ia the time ol spring Iresht-t, when
the snowe on Mount Lebanon melt, noth
ing but a miracle would enable on one to
cross this river. It waa at the dangerous
springtime that Joshua and the outers of
nu army uucrcu mo worua 01 mv veu. vj
the people who vera in a few lioura Ui
cross the Jordan. About that crossing we
nay but little, because cm a previoua occa
sion we discoursed concerning that piling
up of the waters into crystal barricade.
Vve only (peak of the march to the brink
01 the river. Wo atranger thing naa ever
occurred in all history.
The ark of the covenant waa a brilnant
chept of acacia wood, overlaid with gold.
on tho top of which were two winged
figure facing each other. It wnti five feet
long and three feet wide. Poles were
thrust through the rings at the side, and
by these polo the ark waa lifted. Tbia
splendid nox wo to no earricd three
quarters of a mile ahead of tho hosts of
Israel on the way to the crosaijg. That
distance between the box and tho advanc
ing thousand must be kept because of
reverence. There waa a sanctity in that
divine symbol that they must oWrve by
keeping three-quarter of a mile away.
They must watch that glittering box and
follow; otherwise they would lose their
way and not arrive at the right place for
crossing. They had never been there be
fore, and they must be guided. For that
reason Joshua utters the words of my text.
"Ye have not passed this way heretofore."
And the subordinate officers at the head
of the regiments repeated it, "Ye have not
J a: v....i-f
What wa truthfully said of the ancient
Israelites mar be truthfully said of na.
We are making our first and last journey
through this world. It is possible, aa eome
of mv good friends believe, that this world
will be corrected and improved and pun
find nd floralized and emnaradised as to
climate and soil and character until it
shall become a heaven for the ransomed.
but I do not think it. I have an idea that
heaven is already built aomewhere. Our
departed friends could not wait until una
world is fixed up for ataintly and angelie
residence. Having once gone out of the
world, I do not think we will come tmck,
except as mimsiwruig euinuti vu uu uimn
nrYtn remnfn in the parthlv strrn?ele OT Tjer-
hapa to look nt the wondrous spectacle of
a burning planet.
But, leaving that theory aside, we are
very sure that we are for the first time
walking tho earthly pilgrimage. "Ye have
not nassed this way before." Every min
nte is a new minute, every hour a new
hour, every century a new century. Other
folks have gone over the same road we are
traveling, but it i our first trip. New ap
pearances, new temptations, new Borrows,
now joys. That i8 ine reason so many lose
their way. They meet some one on the
road of life and ask for direction, and
wrong direction ia given. We have all
been perplexed by misdirection after ask
inof the way to some place we wished to
visit. Eome one said to ua, "Take the first
road to the right and, having gone a mile
on that road, take the first road cm tho
left, and vou will soon reach your destina'
tion." We took the advice, but our infor
mer forsjot a turn in the road or forgot
one of the roads leading to the left, and we
took the wrong road and were lost in the
woods, and night came on, and we were
nut to creat irritation and trouble.
The fact is, I blame no on8 for making
lifetime mistakes. I pity them instead of
hlaminir them. There are bo manv wrong
roads, but only ono right one. You can
not in midlife draw upon your youthtul ex
neriences for wisdom, for midlife is bo en'
tirely different from youth. You cannot
in old age draw upon midlife experiences,
for the two stages of existence are bo di
verse. What is wisdom for one man to
do would be folly for another to undertake.
'A man of nerve and pluck is not qualified
to advise a man timid and shrinking. An
achievement that would be easy for you
might be impossible for me. Human ad
vice ia ordinarily of little value. People
review their own succesess or failures and
then tell ua what is best for us to do, not
realizing that our circumstances are differ
ent, our temperament is different, our
physical and mental and moral capacities
different. Most of the great mistake
that have teen made have been made un'
der human advisement
fio, also. It may be said to every nation.
"Ye have not passed this way before.
Our own republic is going through novel
experiences. Could wisest statesman
twenty years ago have prophesied present
conditions? isvery Jf resident, every Uon
gress, haa new crises to meet and new
Questions to settle. Po prophecies made
about conditions in this country fifty
years from now may turn out as far untrue
aa the prophecies made fifty years ago by
the greatest of American statesmen when
he declared on yonder Capitol hill that it
was unwise to think of civilization or pros
perity the other side of the Kocky Mount
ains. and according to his belief the Pa
cific coast would be the perpetual abode of
DarDarians ana mountain 110ns, cnu we
must not think of annexing those forbid
ding regions. .
Many prophecies in regard to our nation
failed and many prophecies concerning its
future will fail, because it is traveling a
new road. Every step it takes on that
road is a novelty. The opinion of a Mon
roe or a Jefferson in the far past ia not of
as much value as the opinion of our wipest
men now. How could men know in 1S23
what it would be best for this nation to do
in 1901! It is belittling as well as unwise
for our statesmen, who are quite equal to
the statesmen of the past and who have,
in addition to tho natural talents of their
predecessors, attainments in knowledge
that were impossible in any decade but
our own, to depend on advice of men who
hiive been dead three-quartTa of a cen
tury. In all other things the world hai
advanced. Can it be that in statesman
ship it has cone back, and that this open
ing of the twentieth century must consult
the opening of the nineteenth century!
ie have not passed this way before.
Yea. our entire wovld is on a new path
wav. It may be swincing in the same old
orbit as when bv the hand of the Al
mighty immensilv wes sprinkled with
worlds, but it has bcvi rocked with earth-
qu.ikea and scorched with volcanic fires
and whelmed with tidal waves and
wrought upon by climatic chances cities
rir.k, rind i i'iuv'-i lifted, cnl mountain 1
uv..uu hM 1M0 vu;-yr.
) It m another world than tlint huh
w.u fift Marled in the solar system. Yet
it is nil the time disusing nnd will I 'to
changing until the hour of its demolition.
Of thin beautiful World, this luutrou
world, this glorious world, it may be said.
"Ye have not passed this way before."
What IS the practical u -a of this su!-
jeet! Instead of putting so much airesi
upon human advice and instead m eskinR
of the pafct what wo ought to do, follow
the divine leading ns the men of Joshua
followed the golden liddej client of acac;a,
which was the symbol of the divine pres
ence. That three-ouarters of a mile distanet
between tho ark or eacred box and th
front column of Joahua'a troops mishtily
imprewes me. It was a forceful way ol
teaching reverence for the Almighty. They
needed to learn that lesson of reverence,
as we all need to learn it. Irreverence haa
cursed all nations, and none more than
our own. Irreverence in the uho of God's
name. Hear you it not on the streets and
in social groups, ami is not a prolane word
sometimes thought necessary to point jo
cosity! Irreverence for tho henptures,
the phraseology of the Bible often intro
duced into the most frivolous convereation
and made mirth rrovokmu. Irreverence
for the oath in courtroom or custom house
or legislative hall by the conventional and
mechanical mode of its administration.
Irreverence for the holy Sabbath by the
way it ia broken in pleasure excursion and
carousal. Irreverence on the part of chil
dren for their parents, insolence being
substituted for obedience. Irreverence for
rulers, which induces vile cartoons and as
sassination. Irreverence in church during
praver, measuring off song and sermon by
com, ariisiic or literary itiuclhui, unu in
prayer time neither bowing the heftd nor
bending the knee nor standing as one does
in the presence of earthly ruler, thus show
ing more respect for n man than to tha
Kini of kincs We ask not for irenuflex-
ions or circumflexions or prostrations, but
when prayer is oflered let us either bow
the head or bend the knee or let ns in
some way prove that we are not indiffer
No one has come to midlifp who ha not
been stuni of ingratitude. On the battle-
held of Alma m 18..4 a wounded ltussian
whs crvinsr in antruibh ct thirst tor water,
Captain Eddinpton, of the English Army,
ran to him and gave him drink. As the
captain was running by to join his regi
ment the wounded soldier shot him. AI
most all languages have proverbs setting
forth this perversity. J'ngush proverb,
"Bring un a raven and it will nick out
your eyes." Arabic proverb, "Eat the
present and break the dif h." Italian pro-
ici Vtf a 11c naUf 14 i 1 iiumii ui u in.a ,1 v
a kick to the bucket." An old proverb
aays. "If God were to be so complacent
ns to carry us on His back to Rome, we
would not thank Ilim for His pains if He
did not also set ns down in an easy chair.
You will never be happy in this world if
yon do not do all the good you can and
fook for n0 respon8ive gratitude. All the
damage I did a man who ia my enemy was
to take him from a position where he re
ceived f"00 a year salary into a position
where ne naa ever since received S2500 a
year. He never forgave me. but has pur
sued me with Den vitriolic ever since,
The worst enemy you ever had is tne man
vou Introduced and favored and helped.
But be not disturbed or even irritated.
You are no better than your Lord.
If the world had had any thankful ap
ireciation of His coming it would hve
illed that Bethlehem caravansary with
flowers, which bloom there clear on into
the December month, and Herod, instead
ff ftffiTririlr TTio lfifK -nrrtiil! Vi a tth aonf
V& ..llly.K A. .17 UVU.U. T I W LI 11. 1.1. V 1 1 L. L . H
a chariot to fetch the infant to the palace,
and tne oyer and terminer of Pilate's
courtroom would have pronounced Hun
not guilty, and instead of a cross and a
crown of tnorns it would have been a coro
nation, with all the mighty ones of the
earth kneeling at the foot of His throne
But closely allied is the other fact which
we mnted at in the opening that we will
not pass this way again. This is our only
opportunity for doing certain things that
ought to be done. On all aides there are
griefs we ought to solace, hunger we ought
to feed, cold that we ought to warm, kind
words that we ought to speak, generous
deeds we ought to perform. All that you
and I do toward making this world better
and happier we must do very soon or
never do at all. Joshua and his troops
never came back over the way they we-e
marching toward the crossing of the Jor
dan. The impress of the sandal or the
bare feet of each soldier showed in What
direction he waa going, but never did the
impress of the sandal of any one of them
show that he had returned. We are all
facing eternity to come. There ia no re
treat. Alertness and fidelity would not be
so important if we could truthfully say:
"I will be back here again. The things I
neglect now I will do the next time I come.
1 will be reincarnated, and I will resume
my earthly obligations. Having then more
knowledge than I have now, I will dis
charge my earthly duties better than I
can now discharge them. I do not give
eolemn farewell to these obligations and
opportunities, put a smiling and cheery
good-bve until I see them attain." No.
we cannot say that. There will be no new
and corrected edition of the volume of our
earthly life. After we make exit from the
stage at the close of the fifth act we can
not re-enter.
How many millions of people have lived
and died I know not, but of all the human
race who have gone only seven persons
that I now think of have returned, the son
of the widow at Zarephath, the young man
of Nain, the ruler's daughter, Tabitha.
Eutychus, Lazarus and Christ. Among all
the ages to come J do not suppose there
will be one more who will return to this
life, having once left it.
At this point I ask you to notice the
fact that my text does not call attention
to the crossing of the Jordan, but to the
way leading thereto. We all think much
of our crossing of the Jordan when the
march of our life is ended, but put too lit-,,
tie emphasis on the way that leads to the
crossing. What you and I need most to
care about is the direction of the road we
are traveling. We need have no fepr of
the crossing if we come to it in the right
way. In other words, we need not care
about death if our life has been what it
ought to be. We will die right if we live
Vhat an absurdity it would have been
for Joshua and his men to have asked
each other questions like these: "How can
we cross the Jordan if we get there? Will
not the water be too deep to allow us to
wade? Will we not all be so saturated
that we may lose our lives by exposure?
How many of us can swim? Had we bet
ter not wait until the onnual freshet has
subsided?" No such folly did they com
mit. They were chiefly anxious about the
wav that they had "not passed before"
and were ignorant of and to keep their
eyes on the golden covered acacia box,
wing mounted, which was the ark of the
O nearer, stop bothering about your exit
from sublunary scenes! By the grace of
God get your heart right and then go
ahead." If the Ix.rd Istf rare cf yon c:e.ir
on t i the bank on thm i-..!'! of thu nvi r, t
think you can tru.t linn to t .-. you front
bank to link, from tho villowx thif
si.le the l-tl'(Hil to the pulms on the other'
aide, from tho lnxt kii of orriii our
on this side to the welcome, s.tmt'y, them
bic, ecnitluc, deilie on tho oti.ir side.
One 3:.i.-ttr momma Ma?-na, the .d.ir-
haJ of France, appeared with H.u
uriifd men on the height above the town
of Feldkinh. There were no arms to de
fend the town, and the inhabitant wen
wild with terror. Thn the old dt-fui of
the church cried out: "My brother, thu
is Ilistcr day! Wo have b'-.cn dendim?
011 our own strength, and that fau. Lit
us turn to God. limat tho bell and have
service as Usual." Then tho bell ran?
out sweetly and mightily from tho church
wer of Feldkireh, and the peopla
thronged to the hmiHes of prayer for wor-
lip. The ound of the bells made trie en-
eoiy think that tho Austrian army hail
come in to save the place, and Jl issi-na
and his 18.0'K) soldiers retreated. By tho
time the bells hnd stopped ringing there
was not one soldier in sight, tso put your
trunt in Cod. and when hosts of troubuj
and temptations march for your over
throw ring all the tells ol hone and laith
and Christian triumph, and tho threaten
ing penla of your life will fall bach, and
your deliverance will lie celebrated all uri
and down the skies. The Ood who led you
through, the way you never passed beforo
will be with you at all the crossings.
ICorjrrlKht, Wl, L. KloiKh. J
General Baden -Powell has returned
to Koutu Africa.
Senator W. A. Clark, of Montana,
is Paid to have paid $300,000 for the
Proyer collection of pictures ia Vi
Charles M. Schwab, President of the
United States Steel Corporation in
tends to make a three months' visit
to Europe shortly.
Edwin Charles Madden, the Third
Assistant Postmnster-OeDeral, is a na
tive of Michigan. It la wild that his
gTeat-great-urK-le was Lord Nelson, the
hero of Trafalger.
Among the title bearers not desti
tute of other honors is Lord Kinnalrd,
of England, who is not only an author
ity on football, but a duly ordained
preacher of the Established Church.
Professor Alexander Agassiz is in
charge of an expedition to the Maldive
Islands in the Indian Ocean, which
has recently been sent from the Agas-
siz Museum at Harvard University.
Professor F. F. Mertens, of Itussia,
who has just returned home from a
visit to America, 6ays the thing that
Impressed him most in this country
was the National Library at Wash
ington. Former Senator reffer, of Kansas,
has prepared a topical index of all the
debates in Congress up to 1801, and
proposes to make the work complete
to the present time, and will try to sen.
to Congress the result of his labors.
Miss Lis! Carlotta Cipriani, the first
woman to take the doctor's degTee at
the University of Paris, has been se
lected to take charge of the new
course in medieval literature literature
at the University of Chicago. She is
a Florentine.
Mrs. C. N. Whitman owns the larg
est ranch of any woman in the world.
It is located near Tascosa, Texas, and
Is called the "L. S." ranch, from Lueien
Scott, its first owner. The ranch is
thirty miles square nnd hundreds of
cowboys are employed upon it.
tto you want an up-to-date, live
newspaper one that will keep you
posted on affairs at home and abroad?
You will answer the question affirma
tively by sending us your name and
subscription for this paper for a year
or at least six months.
Two of Chicago's aldermen are blind,
Co-education on American lines is
growing in popularity in England.
An unnamed Philadelphian has given
$1000 to the library at Freeport, Me.
Governor Otero, of New Mexico,
pleads for statehood in his annual re
port. ,
The Oriental Hotel, In Yokohama,
the handsomest in Japan, has been de
stroyed by fire.
A Russian officer is at Kieff seek
ing $4,000,000 reported buried there
in the monastery.
Officials in the Chinese Court are
said to be more rapacious than ever,
demanding fees for every courtesy.
Some of the Mlssourhms and many
Southerners urge that Missouri should
no longer be classed as a Southern
Peru is sadly In need of a new coin
age system. According to a lately pub
lished report, eggs are the only circu
lating medium in one province.
The Canadian Pacific Itailroad has
surveyed a new route across Maine,
which will provide a through line
lroni the Atlantic to the Pacific.
Germany sent only 503,152 immi
grants to the United States in tho
years lS'JO-1000, whereas in the pre
ceding decade the number was 1,452,
070. In the list of diseases reported as
accountable for death3 among the sol
diers in the Philippines, it is thowa
that more men succumbed to dysen
tery than to any other malady.
It is officially estimated that if the
waters in our Western States now un
u.scd were utilized for irrigation pur
poses, a population of 80,000,000 mora
could be sustained in those States.
Philadelphia has in its treasury more
than $75,000 belonging to persons who
never colled for it when their bond
matured and became payable, or wln
left uncollected coupons on their
boi;d3. - - S

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