UT Kt NO KCRZ A MENDICANT.
I t us" n more a ! : i
Without (In' i;'ti"
H lln.s World K 1 1 1 j -1 j-
,-,( ( wait.
.urn mii;: n hmmiI ;
1 lie Kill mkvh ili;ine u;.d chi'Icno in the
Now slant tli!.1 hli;i'!u j eastward hour by
Open (he door, O Sentinel! Within
I (' tllClll Kit,
The fcHittin, .uin;' destiny and wit,
Canting to win
Or Iom; thi'ir utinoHt, and mm hurry by
At oilici'8 of confluent mcrgy.
1st mc not here a mendicant
W ithout the unte
Linger from (hiyn.iring till the ni;dit i late,
And there are Kent
All homeless btar to wander in the sky,
And begKared midnight winda alone ro by.
Arthur t'olton, in the Atlantic.
PCSINESS Aras very dull villi
Schwartzberger, the bird fan
cier. He walked up and d5vn
the dirty floor of his store aud
paused at the door, which looked out
on the little sunlit hack yard, where
Rome disreputable sparrows cluttered
In the soot-laden branches of a bur
geoning tree. It was April, and the
wine of spring was In the tingling
breeze. lie walked between tiers of
little cells. In which yelping poodles
and snarling terriers clawed and cursed
at their prison bars. The stuffy air of
the bird store was vocal wilh the mat
Ins of a thousand tiny feathered pris
oners, who knew that winter was none,
and with swelling throats piped the
shrill music of their hopes.
Schwartzberger stood behind his win
dow, and through the dirty glass
watched the faces of the people who
stopped to view his living wares. Men,
women and children paused to watch
the grave antics of a monkey lording It
over a litter of bull pups In the big
cage. Boys pressed their noses against
the pane, laughed and went away.
Girls with "kind eyes pointed at canar
ies.linnets, finches and bluebirds swing
ing in small prison colls, but one by one
the gazers went away. A hungry-looking
man, smooth of face and pinched,
lingered longest. Ills clothes were new
and cheap and fitted badly, so that
Schwartzberger saw little chance of a
sale. He doled water and food to all
his prisoners, grumbled as be shortened
their allowance, and went back to the
The blue-eyed, hungry-lcoking man
was still there. The dealer stepped out
, "It lss somcding you vish? Yes?"
"How much for that canary there?"
asked the stranger. "That one with
the voice? Hear him?" And the fellow
listened with a vague smile as If the
bird's brave ccng pleased him.
"Oh, dat vcNow. Yust came in ant
They went inside, and the eager
Schwartzberger lifted down the little
UK WALKED BETWEEN TIERS OP CELLS
wooden cage in which the songster
"Scared, isn't he?" murmured the
stranger wistfully. "Guess he thinks
you're the jailer and I'm the sheriff."
The dealer explained that the bird
was a Harts Mountain songster of rare
voice and noble lineage. "How much?"
"Foor .tollars," grimaced the mer
chant, holding up the cage. "Dere lss
a few only of him left."
"Too much, too much," sighed the
customer, wandering sadly along the
tier of prisoners, but lingering some
coins in his pocket, so that Schwartz
berger'8 cupidity kept alert.
"Veil, how much you vould spent?"
"Two dollars Is my limit," explained
the customer, pausing before a linnet,
which semeed determined to burst
his small neck with a furious rounde-
ll let jot
dot lss a fine singstcr, Vic!) I
rou haf for two tollar. His?
: DMH IMS;
ill J 1 1 wis
miih' tit nn: 1h 1 1 y it moult-
in-:. . r "
"All right. I ll t:ihi
L;:m. I ;;,H"S
lie can !ly all vi:;hl7"
The sirauger pulled cut his money
.".ml cji'.nti d out In email c nlii-.. The
merchant resinned hi solicitude.
"I huf a nice hide c.r;e, Ich you
must see it," he gini;lcd,l m.'.iiir; el. out.
"for sefenty-live cciiIk, It ls-s; all brass
nut do:-' two httlo glass feeders. So!"
"Cage," scorned the purchaser. "No
cage for r.iy bird."
"I'.ut dose leetle vooden tinjff is.i too
email, It lss yupt for curry bnlrds In."
"Oh. that' all rlrr'.it, lleiny." laughed
the stranger, growing merry as he
pcrod lovingly at his linnet; "I've got
a belter scheme than tuit." ,
And he walked to the back door
which looked out Into the dingy little
yard where the chattering sparrows
frolicked In the budding tree, and
patches of sun-warmed grass glorified
the coming spring. Schwartzberger
followed him wondering, but the queer
fellow did not pause I'll he stood be
neath the tree. Then he flipped out a
few of the wooden bars cf the cage
and, holding It aloof, said:
"Now cut for the woods, Mr. Linnet!
Hike for tall timber!"
The song bird hopped Into the tree
whence the frightened sparrows had fled
and skipping from branch to branch
till he sat in the crest of young, green
leaves, stood up, bobtailed but trans
figured, and spouted forth a fountain
of triumphant melody. The scrawney
man who had released the little bird
stood beneath in the cool shadows with
eyes agiow, tips laugning and cars
flattered with the music of the freed
Schwartzberger stood In the doorway
with his old brass cage dangling by
"Vy did you did it?" he whined, com
ing out and staring at his odd patron;
"now, dot baird vill vent avay. lie lss
to fly avay see!"
nd sure enough, the linnet rose
lightly into the blue air and sailed
away toward the sun.
"Vy did 1 did it, eh lleiny?" sneered
the fellow, tossing the empty cage into
the ash heap and laughing again, "it
was my 'baird,' wasn't it?"
And he walked out through the store,
whistling gaily. Schwartzberger
looked after him, examined each coin
of the ?2, found them good and mut
tered in his beard: "Dot vellow is vat
you call buggley-house. I must told
Rachel," and when the woman came
in with his lunch they marveled much
at the queer actions of the linnet buyer.
The following Saturday he came again.
He wras better dressed and his lip was
darkened by a growing mustache. The
pinched look was gone from his face
and the hunted stare from his eyes.
He laughed in the merchant's face as
he came in and there was music in his
voice as he said:
"Well, old lleiny, got any Hartz
The dealer smiled a puzzled grimace,
ran his glance over the improved con
dition of his customer, and answered:
"Vy sure, and also some zingers from
dot Thick Vorest."
Schwartzberger eyed him askance as
ho wandered along- the counter peeking
at the birds and listening like a mother
quail to the plaint of her scared brood.
"Here's a tine fellow,' he said at
last. "How much for him, lleiny?"
"Tree tollars vifty-a Sviss ccel: mit.
The buyer counted out $3.r0, lounged
away to the back door and released the
bird. The merchant's bright eyes
bulged with surprise, as he watched
the pleased face of his customer, half
afraid that the man was a maniac and
might do him harm. But the odd fel
low Quly stood smiling aloft at the yel
low chorister in the tree till it spread
its golden wings and darted to the roof,
and thence away into the free sum
mer. And at intervals all through the sum
mer the stranger came and bought
birds; sometimes one, sometimes two;
.laughing always to himself and radiant
always as he watched the apotbe.es:
- i rrm
: : 17 i:-
"KOW HIKE FOE THE WOODS."
f the i;!:-raiel creat tires aw thfy ro'e
froin the yard and atd,-lx,d.
"Meeker, vnt y.it: call it," f.ill
S( h-.viir;:'.'iergt r i:e day after ho and
Kael.el had v.atrhul and woi:di-ird at
the delimited prcd'gjlKy, "vat ls; );-.:r
"Coddard," ho staihd. "Tor.i. Cod
dard, lleiny, that's me"
"Ach, Meester Cottard. dis l-'s tny
votnan, Itachel," and tho menhant
nodded at bin wife. "Now, Meestor
Cottart, vy It h s? Ve are crazy rait dls
pizness in 1 1 you? Vy It Iks you trow
dem bairds avay? T'.ease told us vy.
t'jddard's fr.ee got longer and gray.
He looked out IntJ th? dim slreit
where already the first brown leaves
of autumn were rustling. He stared
absently for a moment at Rachel's fat
face an.l then nt S-'einvambergcr's.
"Summer Is over," hp began, quietly.
"I rdiall buy no more birds this year.
They would freeze or famish in win
ter." lie looker! around at the bravo,
plying chorus In the cells. "Ne:;t year,
If I'm here, I'll come again. Oh. ye;4
(ho smiled, vy did I did It?' Well,
lleiny, aud you, Rachel. I don't mind tell
ing you that I've done time myself. When
I happened alon.i here last April I
was just out of the pen; cme up from
Joliet, wandered along Milwaukee ave
nue and saw these little convicts of
yours. 1 bad just about and l felt
as Lig as the Governor cf Illiuols, so I
just thought I'd 'pardon out a few of
these little devils-. And I've had mora
fun doing it "
The rare, wistful nni'o came over
his face again t.s he buttoned up his
coat and walked to the street.
"Good-ly. lleiny!" he called, saluting
Rachel as he left.
"Dot's buggley-house, ain't it?" quer
ied Schwartzberger, blinking at Rachel.
"Veil, it may be lss aber It's goot
pizuess for us, ikey. Joiiu i.. nait
cry, In the Chicago Record-Herald.
POSSIBILITIES iKl A BOY.
Be Tatient With Illra, For Ton Are
Jn With Sout-Stuff.
I have a profound respect for boys.
Crimy, ragged, tousled boys In the
street often attract me.straugely. A
boy Is a man In the cocoon you do not
know what he Is going to become his
life is big with possibilities. He may
make or unmake kings, change bound
ary lines between States, write books
that will' mold characters, or invent
machines that will revolutionize the
commerce of, the world. Every man
was a boy it seems strange, but It is
really so. Wouldn't you like to turn
time backward and see Abraham Lin
cola at twelve, when he had never
worn a pair of boots? the lank, lean,
yellow, hungry boy, hungry for love,
hungry for learning, tramping off
through the woods for twenty miles to
borrow a book, and spelling it out
crouching before the glare of the burn
Then there was that Corsican boy,
one of a goodly brood, who weighed
only fifjy pounds when ten years old,
who was thin and pale and perverse
and had tantrums and had to be sent
supperless to bed or locked in a dark
closet because he wouldn't "mind!"
Who would have thought that he
would have mastered every phase of
warfare at twenty-six, and when the
exchequer of France was in dire con
fusion would say, "The finances? I
will arrange them."
Distinctly and vividly I remember a
squat, freckled boy who was born In
the 'Tatch," and used to pick up coal
along railroad tracks in Buffalo. A
few months ago I had a motion to
make before the Court of Appeals at
Rochester. That boy from the "Patch"
was the Judge who wrote the opinion
granting my petition.
Be patient with the boys. You are
dealing with soul-stuff. Destiny waits
just arcund the corner.
Be patient with the boys! The Thil
lstine. Shoes of Different Nations.
In the Detroit Museum of Art there
is one of the most complete collections
of the shoes of nil nations to be found
in the United States. Interesting ex
amples are those worn by the Chinese,
together with a plaster cast of a Chi
nese woman's foot, and on up to the
boots worn as shown in the pictures
by LI Hung Chang. Japanese follow
with their intricate weaving of shoes
and sandals o? straw. Elegant Per
sian and Turkish sandals are inlaid
with pearl and decorated with sill: in
the goregeous colors so dear to the
Oriental eyes. There are also Roman
sandals and those of the far-away Es
kimoall designs and curious shapes
o" footwear that one might think cf or
These compared with the shoes made
In our own city make one of the most
interesting exhibits of things that are
useful one could imagine. Nor arc
these of value to the shoemaker alone,
but the artist wishing to represent the
people of other lands may find here
the very article which he would have
to travel many miles to see. It is in
this way that the museum fulfills its
mission bringing to the doors of the
people the things made ia other lands
by other people. Detroit News Tribune.
The Mohafr'.; Indians will not allow
so much as a blade of crass tc grow
upoa the graves of thsir companions.
HOW COAL WAS FORMED
H.DE IN THE EARTH'S LAD03A "TOr."Y
FROM VECETABLE MATTER.
Th Churnrtrr of Hie Coal DrprmU t'pon
n M ultllude ol t'onlltloni r.ltiimlnnu
U the l'rrigrmr of Aulliriielte 1 h
Mint Stale 1 l lRiillr.
Coal was manufactured in the earth's
laboratory from necuimilailoiis f veg
etable matter: of that there Is no doubt.
As to tho precise manner In which the
manufacture took place there tire dif
ferent theories. Tho trees, ferns and
mosses of that far rff geological period
called tho carboniferous (coal-bearing)
era, provided the material of which
the coal was nado. But by what proc
ess did nature produce-the vast accu
mulations of vegetable matter which
were necessary to form, after extreme
compression, the deep beds of coal
which are now being mined?
In the forests with which we are
familiar there Is no such accumula
tion of vegetable matter. Tho roots of
tho trees do not Lave to go down far
before they reach the earth. If the
tces in these forests were to fall on
top of the mould now, and both to
gether were to come under the pres
sure of overlying earth, and be grad
ually convert! d into coal, la many
cases there would bo but a very thin
layer of coal; too thin to be worth
working. And yet forests may have
been growing on that same land for
thousands of years.
Why Is there not a larger accumu
lation of vegetable matter? Because
the trees, or ferns, or mosses have
decayed as fast as they died. A fallen
tree rots away In a few months or
years according to the circumstances.
That is as much as to say that it Is
slowly burned. Aud this burning, or
oxygenation, or rotting takes place at
a great enough rate to prevent the
formation of any great depth cf veg
The conditions most favorable to this
process of decay are found in places
where rains and a drying sun alter
nate. The wood of a boat goes fastest
at the waterline. The conditions fa
vorable to tho preservation of wood
and therefore to the accumulation of
matter for coal beds are found where
wood is kept wet all the time after it
has fallen to earth. If a forest grew
In a bog, then there might be many
generations of trees fall one on top
of another without decaying. The wa
ter Into which the trees would sink
woidd preserve them. And there, too,
there would often be found a luxuriant
growth of vegetation among the trees
to fill up the interstices between. And
It is found that it is just the kind of
plants that resist decay best under
water that have gone to make up
Though on dry ground, and in cli
mates where wood decays fast, there is
no deposit such as might be the fore
runner of a coal bed, we may' see in
many parts of the country in swamps
and bogs vast accumulations of the
In some peat bogs, for instance, the
peat is yards deep, and a very large
percentage of this peat after the water
is taken out Is carbon. If there is no
infiltration from higher ground such
as would carry lime and other salts
into the peat, there is in such a bed
the possibility of good coal at some
future age of the world.
We will suppose that, after a goodly
thickness of peat has accumulated,
the ground sinks under water and that
beds of stone and of drift form on top
of the peat. After ages the thickness
of these superposed layers of mineral
matter will bo great and the pressure
which they will exert cn the peat be
low them will be enormous. The pres
sure, varying at different times through
earth movements, will generate heat,
and the heat will alter tho character
of the -coal somewhat, distilling off
different gases aud hydrocarbons.
There is abundant evidence that at
different stages in the formation of the
earth's crust large areas of land sub
sided and were covered by the ocean
sometimes for a long pencil, and that
ia some cases before the land rose
again what had been the surface was
covered with drift gravel or with
layer or perhaps more than one layer
of sediment which afterward turned
The character of coal, whether hard
or soft, whether plentiful in ash or
comparatively free from ash, depends
partly npoa the nature of the vegetable
matter of which it was made chiefly
perhaps on the nature of the sap of
the plants; but partly also it depends
on the circumstauccs'uuder which the
beds have been formed, and whether
much mineral matter had become
mixed with the vegetable mould, or
not. And partly it depends on the
processes through which it has gone
since the bed was made. Coal which
contains a large proportion of ashes
Is very unprofitable.
In general it may be said that tc
fore vegetable matter becomes coal it
passes through the form of lignite or
brown coal, and that bituminous coal
Is the precursor of anthracite.
In many coal regions there may be
found several thin layers or stringers
of coal with interposed layers of rock,
showing that the;-? were so many land
ceriodij followed by so many periods
of submergence under water. In
of the HnglMi coal field.-! tln-re
ten yard seam which subdivld'-i
nine seamx, each bavin-: iu own
of under (lay.
It Is chiefly In connection wiih
hcnileal processes tl at coal h. ;
ergone dining IN formation that di
ergeiice of opinion exists.
PRAIRIE DOC PEST.
aiiHAl Offers a Large Itennril Tor n I'Un
Although tho State of Kansas off"."d
reward of $rio to anyone who will-
suggest n successful plan for the ex
termination of tho prairie dog pest,
and employed agents in every county
to carry out the plan of extinction, thin
little animal continues to thrive and
A report has Just been submitted to
ho State officials showing that lJJl,-
S."4 acres of soil in Kansas are given
over ta prairie dogs. This land cannot
to cultivated with safety because of
the fact that these animals may at any
time make a raid on the fields and de-
Professor D. E. Lantz, of tho Kansas
Agricultural College, has just complet
ed his report to the State others in
:'ogard to tho prairie dogs ia that
State. He says:
We sent out 1 W) blanks and have
tabulated ('.SO replies. They show that
sixy-eight of tho 102 counties in the
State have the prairie dog pest. I
:ave made personal Investigations in
several counties from which the heav
iest acreage is reported, and, whiio
nany township trustees have made
mere guesses in their reports, tliey
have not exaggerated.
"The general estimate of damage is
about fifty per cent., though many far
mers think it is greater. One cattle
man In Wallace County rays hid cat
tle will not cat grass on that part
of the range occupied by the prairie
"A ranchman in Logan County says
he is able to pasture only .100 head of
cattle on a certain field, whereas last
year he pastured 1000 head. Trairie
dogs have ruined the grasses. Logan
County Is the greatest sufi'tver from the
prairie dog pest, 23G,4C0 acres being
occupied by them. Finney County
Is next with 212,150 acres, while Cove
County has 211,000 acres occupied by
Generosity is the flower of justice.
Every one can master a grief but he
that has it. Shakespeare.
Happiness Is easy when we have
learned to renounce. M me. do Stael.
If you know how to spend less than
you get you have tne philosopher s
Never be afraid of what Is good; the
ood Is always the road to what is
He only confers favors generously
who appears, when they are once con
ferred, to remember them no more-
No true work since the world began
was ever wasted; no true life since the
world began has ever failed. Samuel
Skill to do comes by doing, knowl
edge comes by eyes always open and
working hands, and there is no knowl
edge that is not power. Emerson.
If we could read the secret history
of our enemies, we should find in each
man's life sorrow and suffering enough
to disarm all hostility. Longfellow.
A man who lives right, and is right,
has more power Sn his silence than an
other has by his words. Character is
like bells which ring out sweet music,
and which, when touched, accidentally
even, resound with sweet music Phil
Dogs Eat Too Much.
"As a rule dog's are fed too much."
said a man who had some experience.
"This Is especially the case with those
that spend their lives in the city. They
are not allowed to run at large, and,
therefore, most of the time are either
in the house or within the cramped
limits of a city back yard. For dogs
such a life is inactive. They should
bo put on a low diet, otherwise they
will have distemper and other diseases.
"Once, or at most twice, a day is
quite often enough to feed a city dog.
Then the quantity should be limited,
and the quality carefully determined.
Meat should be given very sparingly,
A reasonable portion of dog biscuit
once or twice a day is ample for the
average dog. The practice that is so
general of having these pets about th-r;
dining table and occasionally feeding
them choice bits is an actual cruelty
to the dog. As to candy, some people
are as reckless about giving it to dogs
as to children, and that is putting
it rather strongly. Iu the main the
quality that should predominate ia the
treatment of dogs is common sense,
and as every one knows that Is by no
means abundant In this world, which
makes tho care of the pet deg a par
ticularly hard one." Washington Star.
Italy owns the three largest
churches in the world St. Peter's,
Rome, the Duorao, Milan, and St,
Faul's, at Rcrne
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