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Rclining Qsld anil Silver Bullion
i in tl'12 government ssa y Qlflce.
': .)VWi';i.''SWS.,(i!,r.o( oS7''';t:.'o'fXMiii
rr t i mi interesting
y .. M process mat is used
' '- II Jit the Unit, d States'
Assay Office In New
York City In refin
ing p!d anil kII-
fctauipcil It It lmrs tin owner can
either take nwny these bars, wlilch
have now been officially certified as to
their purity, or the Government will
purehasu them according to lis need.
The work of rclining and melting Is
carried on In tlio rear tiullilln cr. and Is
under the charge of Mr. 15. T. .Martin,
forab'd Iron Indie and jmt In smn'.l
ketth . Here It Is heated In three
nuecessiw charges of acid for about
six hours'. The gold Is emptied Into
the washing tub, where It Is treaied
with one charge of cold and two of
warm water. Thee solutions nr.'
poured Into the washing Jar, from
whicli, on nettling, the solution Is run
Into largo tanks on the floor below. The
gold Is emptied Into one of the filters,
then roughly washed with warm water
and drained. This process Is repeated
and the gold Is pressed Into a cake
or cluvse with the aid of a hydraulic
press. These cheeses are then dried In
-. 'k-I 1 ihi
ffX z - f?i " 'lnVi'"tt',' '
rnEssixo ruEci pitatkd silvei: into "cheeses.
who bee-ami Mclter and Refiner in
1SS3, having been connected with the
Mint service since IS.")). The bars now
purchased by the Government are
classified, as far as possible, into
jrrop3 which represent approximately
the same decree of fineness. They are
first melted In crucibles and furnaces
heated by 'gas or coal. Then they are
poured into molds which are so ar
ranged as to permit a large surface be
ing opposed to the acid. The bullion
is mixed in such proportion that the
gold or silver which Is mixed, or has
been add?d to assist in the process,
' s L . wt
cl R v vMot.o '(.too tK.m.
shall not exceed one-third or one
twelfth, respectively', of its entire
weight. About 200 pounds of th?se
granulations are placed in each of the
large kettles on the upper floor, shown
'in our engraving, with 130 pounds of
sulphuric acid. ' This is termed the
"separating room," for here the silver
Is separated from the gold. About 200
pounds of sulphuric acid are added
gradually during approximately three
hours' boiling. The silver is also dis
solve! and the resulting solution is
siphoned, off into reducing vats on the
floor below. Another charge of 150
pounds is added and heated for one
an oven and meitcd and cast into
bars of from IWT'i to 'J'JSVj thousandths
The silver was entirely dissolved by
the acid, and the next process is to vv
cover it from its liquid state. In the
silver reducing vats, ingots or bars
of copper are placed on end around the
sides next to the heating coils and
subjected to ten or twelve hours' boil
ing. The resulting copper solution h
run off through a filter into a conccn
iratmg var. me stiver remaining on
the copper bars is scrapod off and the
whole of it is taken out and put in a
filter, copper hoes and shovels being
used. After washing it Is pressed into
cakes, dried and melted with sodium
nitrate as a flux. It Is then cast into
bars o: a fineness of 1)1)9 to 1000
fine. The whole process depends upon
the fact that sulphuric acid has
more of an affinity for copper than
lor silver. The solution of copper sul
pliate which has been formed is
strengthened by boiling about ten
hours. It is then run off into the crys
tallizing vats. In from two to three
days the mother liquor is run off Into
the. large tank on the! floor below; from
whence it is run off into the carboys
or tanks of its purchasers. The crys
tals of copper sulphate (blue vitriol))
art- taken from the sides and bottom
of the vats, drained and subsequeully
redissolved in water and run off into
the crystallizing vats again. The crys
tals form on lead trips and are very
handsome. The proceeds of the blue
vitriol and mother liquor nearly cover
the entire cost of the acid and copper.
The acid is conveyed by gravity about
the building. Each bar is stamped
with its fineness and weight,, and thesa
marks are accepted all over the world.
"i i--- " V TfKX - H "
bars (., ?100 woilh being i.i.vle. List
year niiout .l l.noiMMi't wm-.' t.i .en mt
for it,, in the arts. The dep,.:-ii.t ir
the t'.s;:l year i-tn'ing Jim.' 1! ''(,
;:k1 a value (if ' li. J . for I In
gull mnl :n..")1(.T-I.."-s for the : ier.
li'.e lif.i.tb.'r vt g'lld i .'p i:.its l.ri:e,l
was S."S1 ; of :dlver. il'jj;!, i.i;jki:i.; a
total of ll.sul. The -.umber of line
.tint and i.lambird bar mad" and 1
live red to the SupciinUn. lent was, of
gold -IM.CH; nud of ,i!ver
One of 'our ongravin.'.'s icpi'ese.'.is
bars of vaiiout s'..'.-s with the a'.'-i"
str.tnped t!ion ih: in. Tli! hir.aliest b.tr
at the left is worth about 5:o.". Then
the bars run up hi size to fsooo. Two
silver bars are shown at the back. A
'gold brick" has come Into our lin-
guage as the epitome of fraud, and
that th"y are a grim reality Is shown
by the four samples which were plated
upon the truck. They are of all sizes
and f-hnpes to meet the varying fancy
of thiir victim.'! and are rarely of the
shape of the Mint bars. Two of them
would have been worth $1S.H)) had
they been actually of gold Instead of
base metal. Those who are In n mm!
of gold bricks should be willing to pur
chase them at the regular rates, and
all sizes may be had at the Mint o!!ico.
l)uRtp:in nnd Sprinkler.
The invention Illustrated below is a
combination dust pan and floor sprink-
er for household use, and has been
patented by t'amil'e St. Ililaire. It
provides a utensil which may be used
alternately for sprinkling the floor ar.d
taking up the sweepings, without
either function interfering with the
action of the other. The dust pan is
provided with a hinged coicr, by
which the dirt and litter may be re
tained in the pan when it is used as a
sprinkler. When employed as a dust
Irrigation ut Lour Tom.
The solution of tli" problem of irri
cilin'i rests Iiirgly in the quantity of
wa;cr nni!.'i!.;.' and libiiiiy to ibn-ct. 1!
:.'.i'i,:t the hi,.l i:t 1.. w cos;. David
1 1 1: ! ! on has ih ;'','!:"d a no( 1 '.M.-iciiiue
for vn t n t water fro.n k::v.v.'1:; :,:oI
oi..i;!r;Jiig I; o'i lii'rher la: I, the ap
paratus working automatically ;;:nl
without cot after its Installation of
the plant, wh'i li Is hi it-aiT ln"-;ie;i-live.
In the llhi'trat ion H shown
a machine in operation. 1; conisl oT
A llr.'iikf.t Jirriie.
A substitute for coffee that Is highly
iTcommcii.'.ed by tliose who have tried
It I.i hot water flavored with lemon
juice r.nd rllghtly sweetened. It If
said that the average Individual only
requires about n week to become ao
customed to this as a breakfast ber-
T.IFT1SO W ATE II FROM A STREAM.
C01IEINATIOX HOrSEEEEPIKO TJTEXSIL3
a frame resting on the bank of the
stream, supported cither by Its own
weight or unehored to piles driven in
the earth, with a shaft poised at an an
gle of forty-five degrees to support a
series of buckets revolving between
the stream and the discharge trough
on the frame. The buckets are mount
ed on anus radiating from the shaft,
and besides each bucket Is a broad
paddle blade which op Into the
water as the lowest point Is Deared,
the action of the current revolving the
shaft and elevating the buckets in
turn to the highest point of revolution,
where they are tilted automatically to
discharge their contents into the
trough. Though the strength of the
current may be small, the quantity
of water elevated will yet be large, as
the flow is regular and unceasing.
pan the water supply is cut off by
draw ing a cork from the reservoir Into
the tubular handle, and the rear por
tion of the pan is held In an elevated
position by means of one or more cas
tors, which give the required Inclina
tion, and in this way the pan may be
pushed around the floor with the foo,
without the necessity of the operator
bending over to touch it with the hand.
The rear portion is talicn up with the
reservoir, and a screw cap Is provided,
to be removed Tor tilling. When used
as a sprinkler the pan is grasped as
shown, with the lid closed, a swinging
motion of the air driving the water
through the finely-perforated head in
a fine spray.
For Cue on the 7I;ii)ronl.
A prominent French firm of automo
bile manufacturers has constructed a
machine designed for railroad use. It
Is fitted with a motor of three and one-
TOR RAILROAD TSE.
The fellow who boasts that he has
never been disappointed in love has
probably always been stuck on himself.
half horse power. The frame is tubu
lar throughout, and the transmission
of power is by bevel gears. The
flanged wheels are of aluminum, with
steel tires. The two brakes are very
powerful, and it is possible to stop all
four wheels instantly, no matter at
what speed the machine may be trav
eling. The operator sits behind, on a
regular bicycle saddle, and In front
there Is room for two persons on the
cushioned scat. The total weight Is
about CM pounds. This machine 'is
being used for a variety of purposes iu
connection with railroad work.
Cecil Rhodes, Empire Builder.
nrv-'i:t hv: -it'."!
- flrb xtf )
-mm nA &M$m
Snv the Yolka.
To protect the yolk of an egg so that
It can be used two or three days after
It has been separated from the white,
Irop it Into a bowl of water, nnd its
freshness will remain a surprising
length of time, ami It can be used for
mayonnaise, dressing or the sauce for
cold slaw, or any ether purpose requir
ing yolks alone.
IrUh Morn llliiitc Mangn.
Let one tablespoonful of Irish moss
remain In tepid water for fifteen min
utes, then put In a strainer and hold
under the faucet, allowing cold water
to run over It for one minute.
This removes the crude seaweed flavor.
lut the moss In one pint of milk and
let simmer for fifteen minutes. Re
move from the stove and press through
a colander to break up the moss, re
taining a part of it In the blane mange.
Some persons prefer that all the moss
be retained. When almost cold stir iu
two saccharine tablets which have
previously been dissolved in a little
water and add vanilla extract. Pour
In Individual jelly moulds, and when
ice cold serve with cream.
Turkpj Hoasted Ureuat Down.
The new edict of cooking experts,
that a' turkey roasted breast down will
have the meat of that part juicier and
better flavored than one cooked In the
usual way, Is borne out by experience.
The theory that the juices of the fowl
find their way downward and, settling
in the often dry and tasteless breast
to its great improvement, Is correct.
It will be found, too, that the apparent
difficulty of keeping the bird on its
breast is only apparent, a little balanc
ing m the pan until the processes of
cooking have settled the fowl being all
that is needed. The method Is equally
valuable applied to chicken, and an ex
periment with roasting goose iu that
way proved very successful.
Tlow to Economize With Kgs.
Left-over yolks of eggs If put at once
into a tumbler of cold water will keep
fresh and 6oft for several days. If
dropped Into a cup and covered the
yolks would be unfit for use the second
day. The left-over whites of eggs may
be made into macaroons, kisses,
or used for meringues. The whites of
two eggs with a quarter of a pound of
sugar and the same quantity of al
mond past j will make two dozen
macaroons. Where hard-boiled yolks
are wanted it is much better to break
the 'eggs, separate carefully the yolks
from the whites and drop the yolks
into water that is boiling hot; cook
slowly for twenty minutes. Iu this
way you save the whites for another
purpose. Mrs. S. T. Rorer, Li tha
Ladies' Home Journal.
iJKj U A Etot far &
r.J -'V -. . i
SEPARATING THE COLD FROM THE SILVER BY BOILING WITH
July, 5, 1853, la tlis village of Bishop's StofforJ, Hertfordshire, Enj:
Died March 26, 1902, in a cabin in Cape Town.
' Landed in Durban in June, 13T0, a penniless consumptive lad.
Di:d the autocrat of South Africa, with a reputed for'.uie of $;oo,000,oco.
nud one-half hours, when it is also
run off. The lire h.'Uing been with
drawn, a third chang? of acid is a!ded
and the gold Li tnkm out with a pn-
Bars are of various sizes, those of a
value of .'fROlKl being preferred. Is..ir
r.iv i-:ane all ri.T.es to accommodate
even '.lie smr.Il nutnufaciurev, small
Cecil John Rhodes will always hold a prominent place in the front r.uik of
self-made men. lie owed his prosperity partly to good fortune, but mainly
to his capacity for seeing an opportunity, bis boldness in seizing it, and id.:
tenacity in retaining any advantage of which he had once possessed him
self, lie was the fourth son of a country parson. Although shorn of the giv.'.l
powers which be once held, Cecil John Rhodes died the "uncrowned king of
youth Africa.' The great dream of Rhedes's life was expressed when, draw
ing bis hand over a map of the yattored States of South Africa on which
the Riitlsh colonies wcr? colored red. lu taid: "That is my dream that nil
:vd."- nitr-des's fortune was cftimated anywhere from f'llO.CiMj.fKM) to SiO'.V
OWi.tju'-.). He uecr me.rii.J.
If burned milk is put Immediately
into a jug and then placed in a basin
Df cold water until it is cool, the burned
taste and smell will disappear.
To prevent damp and rust catcuiug
the wires of a piano tack a small bag
of nnslackcd lime inside just under
neath the-cover, and it will absorb all
An excellent and simple remedy for
a sprain is the well-beaten Avhites of
six eggs mixed with a half cupful of
fine table salt. Spread between thin
muslin cloths and bind over the sprain.
Gas globes should be cleansed by
scrubbing with a firm brush uippcd in
suds.' Bad stains may be removed by
soaking the globes for some tinvj in
warm water to which a little soda and
soap powder has been added.
Never allow meats to boil while they
are being cooked in water. Hard boil
ing in salted water will toughen the
tenderest piece of meat ever sold. Le
the water simmer gently, !:;" : '.'.:g the
kettle on the back of the x'.ove.
Wooden bowls make the bes: recep
tacles for washing f.ne glassware
which requires careful handling. If two
bowls are employed the n
to be mere satisfactory, using one for
washing and the other for rinsing purposes.
. leg vi iiiuuuu imiuer i im; i.cm
invention in the interest of the hrmse
hoid and is designed to keep the joint
in position while the carver cr.ei'ei.-es
!n-r skill. Th3 holt
horn handles and niekle
ia.--sed among ih-j luuxpea-