, . WT . ,, 1,,
Pa V -f. ;'i ,Q
Lv. j -, '" -'w
A OnH'ii'l I'nlipiv Col'ertloii.
(men Alexandra has a collection of
liny animals, birds and insects nit out
f pre Inns ai d rare sluing. 'J'n y art'
iii'i .'s-.u il.v wry small and some arc
cxtifUi; iy : M i Till. The collection in
quite i j 1 1 i . j v : t , and the Items have conic
from nil parts of the world. Many of
these most valuable and dainty Irons
ires arc crt ft em turquoise and jade.
(oniiet of Ain li'iil huv:arii.
Tl.e little savages of years gone by
xv urn mueh more fond of and devoted
to gaiics and sports than we are nowa
days. I'erhaps tliat was because tliey
hadn't as much to do as the people of
modern limes. The rougher the same
was the more they liked It.
The ancient Australian's most popu
lar spmt Avns a wild game called
"Mam Grook." It was Aery much
like football, only, If possible, rougher.
They had u ball made of skins; there
-were no go'ils and the object of the
game Avas for each side to keep the
ball in its possession, and this often
resulted in a small battle, for as many
as liked could play, an even number
being cu each side.
Indian Smoke Signals.
The Indian bad a Avay of sending up
the smoke in rings or puffs, know
ins that such a smoke column Avould
at once be noticed and understood as
:i signal and not taken for the smoke
of some campfire. lie made the rings
by covering the little fire with his
blanket for a moment and allowing
the smoke to ascend, Avheu he Instant
ly covered the fire again. The column
of ascending smoke rings said to every
Indian Avithin thirty miles: "Look out!
There is an enemy near!" Three
smokes built close together meant at
tention. Two smokes meant, "Camp
at this place." Travel the plains and
the usefulness of this long-distance
telephone Avill at once become appar
v'". - :'r -
"IS YOUR MOTHER AT HOME?"
Sometimes at night the settler or
the traveler saAV fiery lines crossing
the sky, shooting up and falling, per
haps taking a direction dia agonal to
the lines of the vision. He might
guess that these wore the signals of The
Indians, but unless he were an old
timer he might not be able to interpret
the signals. The old-timer and the
squaw-rnan knew that one fire arrow,
an arrow prepared by treating the head
of the shaft with gunpowder and tine
bark, meant the same as the columns
of smoke puffs "An enemy is near."
Two arrows mean "Danger." Three
arrows said imperatively: "This dan
ger is great." Several arrows said:
"The enemy are too many for us."
Thus the untutored savage could tele
phone fairly well at night, as well as in
the daytime. Star Monthly.
Something About Tops.
Any one can buy a top if be can get
a few pennies from his father or
mother, and any one can make far
better and liner tops with a little trou
ble and industry.- Here are some in
teresting tops that you cannot buy auy
Avhere, but which you can make Avith
very simple tools and cheap material.
The very simplest of house tops to
be spun on U'p of a table; oronie otht-r
smooth, surface, is made by putting
a sharpened -stick through the centre
of a piece of pasteboard cut into a
perfect circle, (.'are must be taken
that the wood is longer above the
dbU' ilu tclow, so it will keep lis
ill i; JMLWi&g
balance. If the di!; U .bvor'itcd in
water colors It will be prettier ns '.t
plus. (Julie a game cf tops may he
played by making these topi for u
SOME NOVEL TOPS.'
number of children, and letting them
try who can make bis spin longest.
A fine outdoor top Is the Russian
double-header. It can be whittled out
of bard wood by any boy Avith a
sharp jaekknife, Avho will take care to
get It just like Fig. 2. It is spun Avlth
a string around the middle, and If
properly made will beat any of the
single tops you car. buy. And then
if you Avould like to make a top which
...f,;riL'.i - ; - 'i-rrr
TO WHOM IS HE srEAKING?
New York World.
will spin in air, take a bit of thin paste
board, cut five equidistant oval holes
in it, one in the centre and four around
it, as seeu in Fig. 4. Paste a small
paper cone over the central oval (Fig.
3) and let it dry, when you have a top
Avhich cau spin in various ways. You
can put a stick with rounded end in
the cone (Fig. u) and, . twirling the
stick rapidly between the palms of
your hands, the top Avill fly up in the
air and perforin there. Or you may
insert a stick into one of the outer
ovals (Fig. 4) and swing the top around
until it is going rapidly, Avithdraw
the stick and the top will spin in
eccentric curves. If this top Is colored
in various stripes it Aviil be even more
interesting in its turnings and twist
ings. New York Mail and Express.
Functions of Fruit.
The Medicine Brief thus summarizes
the various uses of fruit in relieving
diseased conditions of the body. The
list is worth keeping: Under the cate
gory of laxatives, oranges, ligs, tama
rinds, pruurr., mulberries, dates, nectar
ines and piums may bo included, l'om
agranates. cranberries, blackberries, su
mac berries, dewberries, raspberries,
barberries, quince?, pears, wild cher
ries and medlars are astringents
(trapes, peaches, strawberries, Avhortle
berriej. prickly pear.;, black currants
and melon seeds are diuretics. Goos'.-
t berries, red and Aviiite curra:tts, pump
kins and melons are refrigerants. Lem
d apples are stomachic sc-
l WW i
Flying top (
lly J. T?:.v;t I! .Smith.
5x II H xt Miu forever h.i!
U'C' 1.gnt!.v ex..-,, J. that
tiOII of lis li.i,.:e will
1 V m
- 1 - fl
them lvquin a forester vim can supervise the work, lo k
n.'bv tic pu'nlie interests, and disseminate information
a:. toil'; iiie pi epic. Tl;.' Slate of New Yolk Is oven buyim;
tip h'.ndn ds cf s.;uare acres of woodlands to add to its
Tic United States Government has a constantly increasing
need for men. The public iioid.ngs are tremendous. For each of the last three
years the forestry appropriation lias le en doubled, and the work that is being
'one for the private citizens Is growing as rapidly as are the appropriations.
These Government foresters are In attendance in the Department at Washing
ton during the winter, but with the coming of spring they are scat.ered
throughout the United States. They go to the Avoods of New England, of the
South, and of the West, and return in the fall to make out their reports in the
oHice. Eventually a large part of our Government force will be stationed In
various parts of the West nearer to the centre of the" greatest activity In public
Another class of positions Avid be with t lie lumber and paper companies.
From all sections- of the country these companies are inquiring into the
methods of conservative forestry; and, as has been shown, some are already
employing foresters, while others will probably follow their example. The
men so omployul Avill spend a large part of the time In the forests under
their care; but In the winter season some of them, busy with their otiiee work,
will be located for a few months in the town or city headquarters of their
corporation. This will enable their children to have the advantage of better
schooling than that afforded by a paper factory town or a sawmill town.
Wherever he may be, the average Amerlei'ii forester during the next thirty
years Avill have a very different task from that of his European counterpart.
In Europe everything Is carefully Avorked out and reduced to system. The for
ests are cropped ns regularly and as methodically as a farm. One forest crop Is
followed by another in regular rotation, and every .phase of the question Is
definitely known and recorded In a forester's manual. In America tli' field iHill
lies open for original Avork.
The March of Humanity.
By Benjamin Kidd,
HEN Ave look back to the days of primeval man upon this
earth the days when each lived for himself, and every
man's band was against his neighbor and compare such a
state of things with the vast social fabric of the twentieth
century of our own era, the mind loses Itself in wonder aud
awe as it thinks of the duration and the strenuousness of the
discipline that has alone made the present result possible.
What, Ave ask, has been the agency at work?
The first requirement was that the individual must be subordinated to the
State. This involved a condition of absolute militarism. This condition
reached its climax and perfection in the military power of Rome.
The second great requirement the second lesson man had to learn was
the sacrifice of the present to the future. Only those nations have triumphed
who have deliberately subordinated the interests of the present to the interests
of the future.
The future belongs to the nations Avho have learned the lesson of self
sacrifice; it belongs to the Anglo-Saxon people, provided they remain faithful
to the ideal which they are gradually coming to perceive. Almost the first sign
that a nation is subordinating the present to the future is a growth of tolerance
in its midst, n tolerance so broad as to be intolerant of nothing save what tends
to destroy that tolerance. As an example, let us look at the religious tolerance
of the Anglo-Saxon people of to-day, the result of centuries of lire and sword.
Volcanoes Still a Mystery;
By Israel C. Russell, Professor of Geology.
becomes liquid when pressure is relieved, and is forced to the surface. As
the molten material rises it invades the Avater-charged rocks near the surface
and acquires steam, or the gases resulting from the decomposition of water,
and a neAV force is added which produces the most conspicuous aud at times the
most terrible phenomena accompanying eruptions.
The volcanic outbreaks on Martinique and St Vincent are eruptions of
the explosive type, similar to the explosions that have occurred from time to
time in Vesuvius. The volcanoes have been dormant for years, and the lava
iu the summit portion of their conduits cold aud bard; movements in the earth's
crust caused a fresh ascent of lava from deep below the surface, the molten
material came in contact Avith water in the rocks it invaded, and steam explo
These explosions wore similar to Avk. would happ?u if Avater should be
poured on a niivs of molten slag such ns comes from an iron furnace. The suc
cession of eve, s recorded in hundreds of instances lias been repeated. Al
though the recent eruptions have been disastrous on account of their proximity
to cities and thickly inhabited rural districts, they appear from the meager
reports available to have been small in intensity in comparison t many other
similar occurrences Avhich have taken plac
New Views oa Soup Question
By Br. Carols Gsisel, Vegetarian Expert.
VP you must have soup for yovtr dii.uer let it bo the last course instead of the
I first. In point of fact, liquid and solid food should not be served at the same
-a meal, hue it is less hurtful when the liquid is taken after the solids.
Soups for dinner are a mailer of fashion, and should be removed from the
menu for dinner as a course. The ordinary soup mad? from meat stock has
little food value, as, in the usual proportion of a pound of meat to a quart of
soup, there is only twenty-eight per cent, r.utriim nt and a great many germs
by no mans to be desired. Vegetable soups mio really food, aud are especially
fitted for luncheon, Aviih an accompaniment of hard, dry toast or crackers.
This is not a eo:arau;ctiui of my previous statement, that solids and soup
should not be taken together, ns a small c.natitiij of solid. food requiring mastl
cation is needed for the secrrtion of jalivn to assist digest ion.
The reason that soup as a first course is undesirable Is that the liquid dilutes
the digestive fluids in the stomucl!. and, y tetardlng ih? process of digestion
causes dyspepsia. .
A gold-weighing machine in tit?
Bank of England is s sen.-nive tli.it
an ordinary postage st;u,ip if drappci.
ou tic scale will turn the index on th?
dial a d.s,.;nce cf f niti.-.'S.
is tni'i', c in a -a'.irv tliat einial.-. r
of the cull. "4,' priifi-Mr; ."lid the In .1-
ll'.n.ltlv imi! i. i, a i v lii U: ' . ". '
J ni'-t . s lii in tl.o-e of Hi., tea. In r, Within a decade, he
I. lay I..- in the employ (lf n railroad company, an I li .ve
charge of iininy p.e.-. n of w o-i lland wli cli will b. aid" to
n a.-'ii easily by rail, lie may mm-hiv a position as a State
forester, or a member of a $:rto crp,-. This is a prou.l--ing
:'."ld. Several of our f. r sted S..i:os are coining iu to
tii' ini-'sesuiii of aii.'indoiied tnm:i li;:: l: and the care of
PLAUSIBLE cause of the rise of the molten rock in a vol
cano is still a matter of discussion. Certain geologist con
tend that steam is the sole motive poAver; Avhile others con
sider that the lava is forced to the surface owing to
pressure on the reservoir from Avhich it comes. The view
perhaps most favorably entertained at present, in reference
to the general nature of volcanic eruptions, Is that the rigid
outer portion of the earth becomes fractured, oAvlug prin
cipally to movements resulting from the shrinking of the
cooling inner mass, and that the intensely hot material
reached by the fissures, previously solid owing to pressure.
In their effor.s to g-.'t in the swim
some ivop'.e merely find themselves iu
The dealer in umbrellas believes
ii we,t'u:.r piolits.
rhrrainatin.'ij Dcvkci Made to Lean
tify London Ltrcets.
Mai. Ufa. Mirers of every kind of go nt
n ibr.iced the opportunity of the king's
coronal Ion t,( quicken the market for
their ware-.. Naturally, the iiiatnil ie
tnr.Ts f bunting, Hags and crepe paper
led a very busy s'aou in ivw of tic
c. remoides. but that manufacturers of
ritOWS IN ILL I'M I N ATIXO lifCKETS.
all kinds of household articles -should
participate in the national prosperity
and their Avares take on a festive loo!:
Is very unusual and surprising, at least
to an American.
Among the Illuminating and decorat
ing devices electric signs of course play
a prominent part, but the I'.ritlsh use
of Incandescent electric lamps Is not on
the lavish scale usual in this country,
and gas signs are mad. to do service
In their stead. It Is really a question,
however, Avhether this Is altogether n
disadvantage, as the designs that can
bo worked out of copper tubing are.
perhaps, more elaborate than could In
conveniently wired for incandescent
One of the characteristic designs that
were sold In large numbers, in prepara
tion for the event, Is illustrated here
with. These are made in copper tub
ing on a framework of iron, the tubing
being punched with perforations to
form gas Jets. When made in large
siz?s, such as eight and ten feet, these
gas illuminations made a very striking
Another illumination specialty that is
being largely purchased Is a modifica
tion of the fairy lamps occasionally
used in lawn party illuminations in
tills country. In Loudon these fairy
lamps are known as illuminating buck-
COHON'ATION P ATTESTS.
ets, and are made of glass in various
tints, stained ruby being the most pop
ular. Either candles or oil lamps are
burned Avithin them, forming a very
artistic and subdued lighting.
Something entirely novel in the line
of jubilee goods, hoAvever, are the
wooden pattens illustrated, intended to
help their Avearers to gain a slight ad
vantage in the crowds along the line of
the regal procession. These "patent el
evators" ar? made of wood, and may
be obtained in four heights, numely.
four inches, six inches, eight inches and
ten inches. The straps permit of their
adjustment after the manner of skat?s.
Those Avho have tried the device assert
they were surprised to find Iioav e;wy
It is to wall: about on them. Viewed
J , V V ; i ''I
a ina coxFir.E.
from a vantage point ten inches above
your fellow-mortals, coronation crowds
need have no terrors for the wearers cf
these unique contrivances. They are
made in both ncn's and xvomen's sizes.
This illustration, reproduced from the
London Express, shows the immense
sir.e of some of the bonfires buib to
burn all over England on the night of
June "' in honor of King Edward's cor
lire escapes were
ims. France, in IT'-U.
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