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5 Mining Anthracite. I
Jj How X? PcnMylvcnia Coa! Fi.lds j
TT" II i: voi tl niithiiirlie, n-h'li
I llll lieeollio sih h n il.ll pa
I , of till' illV of III" Allii'lii.
Cm 1MJ!' is .1 stni.iiii; exa 1 1 1 1 i
(if llOSV tile Willi 1 lilfiUlli'S (l('Hllil.'lt
on what nay lie i.-iiuinI the l illci -day
progress of man!. ltd. .lust Kmi. years
:i'h Philadelphia received Iht iiit
sliin:i(iii of niithrai lie coal. It came
to the i lly in two jrrcat river arks, and
was lived to gravel the hidewalks. A
mall 'I'latility of this coal was liiirned
l:i a j:i'Ht hut the e.i;Minieiit was tint
a KiU'cess, and In Isim;. when another
ark load of coal tied up at the wharf
hi the Quaker city it was rejected
jio one wanted it. In isus .lude WW,
of W'llkcsharre, successfully hurned
anthracite In a p-ato. In 1S12 another
effort was made to market anthracite
coal In Philadelphia, but n!ii! wajjoii
loads which were sent there from
1'ottsville had to bo given away.
Tile real history of the anthracite
coal industry begins in 1NJ0, when 'M7
tons of coal were shipped to Philadel
phia from the Lehigh region. During
the next ten years the trade from the
Lehigh regions was firmly established,
and the Schuylkill region Avas opened
up upon the completion of water com
munication with Philadelphia. During
the latter part of this period the Dela
ware and Hudson Canal Company was
organized and hegan the shipment of
hut In niaii.v of th anthracite sh il'K
i:e, e-silatin- the u-e of safety lamps
by the miners.
The co-t of mining anthracite coal l
grcait r than (lie o.-t of mining bilu
mIikum coal, and IhN nt does not 'iil
when the coal Is landed at (lie surface
of the mine. Anthracite as It comes
from the mine con-i-ts of tumps of va
rious si.'.es, and Intermixed with these
lumps is a mixture of rocks. These
lumps must be broken and assorted
as to s!.e before the anthracite Is ready
for the market, since the cent omic ne
of anthracite requires that the lump
must be of in near uniform size as pos
sible, and as there Is a greater demand
for the intermediate sizes, the larger
lumps must lie broken down to smaller
sizes. This elaborate preparat'ou
irrcatlv Increases the cost of the coal.
Antluacil is prepared for market in
what is known as the coal breaker, a
lat-'e building, usually built of timber,
but sometimes of steel and Iron. I he
coal is broken up by machinery eon
sistlmr of toothed rolls, after which it
!s screened In circular revolving
screens. The slate Is picked out by
hand bv bovs and old men, who sit
along the chutes through which the
coal passes. As far as possible the
work of sort Ills' sizes and picking out
impurities Is done by machinery. As
the illustration shows, the general plan
Is to sort the coal over inclined bars,
then to pass what goes through the
bars over revolving or shaking screens,
while what goes through pies directly
to the loading bins, or else Is broken
up into smaller sizes by rolls nnd then
separated Into the various sizes by
screens. The capacity of the average
breaker is from 2m0 to 3000 tons of
coal a day.
A Hi III Y.tft i'fiSv
y 0 1 m vnj
A V:V:-yV & I.I V
. iW Jf" S P. -. J .u 111
Two More of Our Scries
of Tombs cf lhs Presidents
i . a
. - .1
nnd a queer looking I lack hat ir.a'lo
of waxed doth, similar in shape tf the
old straw hat of the ,la k Tar of by
gone days. This hit Is only worn
when a train toes by, presumably to
give a certain amount of ottb lal di-'iuiy
to the wearer when on duty. Mr.ng
ironnd the left arm Is the trumpet
with which warning Is given to pedes-
tralns ami others of the approach of a
train, and In the light hand is seen ne
red tlag, which Is kept rolled roam!
the stock when the road Is clear, ana
only unfurled as a danger signal.
At Montlccllo, mar Chaiiottsvllle,
Virginia, Thomas Jefferson was burled.
The plain granite shaft at the grave
bears an inscription, prepared by Jef
ferson himself, setting forth that It Is
the burial place of the author 'of the
Declaration of Independence.
' ' - v. ;
! ! J i ' ," 5
"I am much Iinj'rc-he, with the pe
culiar gi(ilo),!ral formation of thh
country," oh rvei the foreigner who
had had iitiam 1 11 dealing with th-
"Its geulefjeal format loll ?" Hllid tllU
"Yes; you have to dig through ro
nimh red tape to get at !ta rocks."
A Woman's I'nvrlrMy l.ontl.
Ilardlv anywhere In the world does
the traveler see men, women and chil
dren staggering under loads so un
wieldy as in Mexico. The photo, re
produced - taken in Pcotlan, Mexico
shows a native girl with both hands
full of baskets and a stack of hats on
her head which would crush an ordi
nary American man. A Mexican worn
nn will walk the streets all day carry
s km Ji
rSTitt net 1
rAST -nnn ncRECH
Like several of the early Presidents,
Andrew Jackson was buried beside his
wife, at his homestead, The Hermitage,
near Nashville, Tennessee. This cor
ner of the estate was afterward bought
by the women of Tennessee and given
to the State.
.... .... ri
: r i Y' r ,. .. -. i , y
" Is - J J ' '
, v v
Modern nntlnept.le treatment Is cred
ited with a reduction In mortality
from large calibre, wounds In the
American army to eight per cent. In
the Civil War It was flfty-Hevcu per
D. L. B. SENT FREE.
Cure l'.loml Hint SUIn Dlaoiiiri, Canrrri,
IliMiiK llumom, 1'iiim I'hIiik.
Botanli! Itlooil liiihu (15. 1J. IS.) eures
Pimples, Hcutiliy, S''idy, Itdilug Eezenm,
UIimts, Eating Sores, Herofulu. IUooil
Poi.son, lloUB Pains, Kwllings, r.heuma
tlsra, Ci;ncnr. Emteclally advise. 1 for chronlj
cases that doctors, patent mcdicincH and
Hot Springs f.ul to euro or help. Strength
ens weak kidneys. Druggists, Jl por
largo bottln. To provo it cures I!. U. B.
Kent froo by writing Ei.oon Ealm Co.,
12 Mitchell Street, Atlanta, Oa. Describe
troublo utid free modical advice Hent ia
sealed letter. Mediclno sent at once, pre
paid. ' All wo awk Is that you will apeak a
good word for B. B. B.
Woman at ltullroad CrolnR.
The feminine guardian of a railroad
crossing is a type well known to trav
elers in France. As the train ap-
From a Photo. t- WUi'kl Hoote
Unmnrr I vvn-lTrTIT' TV TTTT? WORT.Tl
DOES THE TRAVELER SEE MEN,
WOMEN AND CHILDREN STAGGERING
UNDER LOADS SO UNWIELDY AS IN
COAL BltEAKEIl, SHOWING METHOD OF FRErAIUNG ANTHRA
CITE COAL FOlt MARKET.
anthracite from Carbondale by the
canal and the gravity railroad.
From this time on the trade rapidly
Increased, canals and gravity roads
multiplied, only to be replaced by loco
motives on their advent. One of the
lirst locomotives used in this country
was for the purpose of hauling anthra
cite. The process of mining anthracite coal
consists of two methods stripping and
closed work. Stripping is the process
where the coal lies near the surface
of the ground as it does in many in
tli anthracite Held. The
closed work Is that done under ground,
or at the bottom of a shaft. Owing to
the character of the deposits the room
and pillar system is employed. When
the shaft cannot be placed so as to
reach the lowest point of the deposit,
th coal below is reached by inside or
Mirwi eimfts or Inside slones. These
shafts, Avhich are sometimes sunk to a
depth of over 1000 feet, usually have
several compartments, one for the
pumpway and ladder, and two or more
for hoisting. A common size of the
hoisting compartments Is Txl'J feet.
The coal is brought to the bottom of
the shaftfromthe inside or blind shafts
by means of small cars, and in some in
stances sheet iron chutes, according to
the inclination of the shaft, according
as the blind shaft slopes up or down
from the bottom of the shaft from the
Anthracite is mined with hand rotary
rtriits and bv black blasting powder.
Dynamite or giant powder Is used for
rock work, sometimes ior uimns
nni,vavs and in some locations for
blasting ooal itself where fire damp
.. !..... o fl.,molrs exnlosive. The
nr.. ventilated by rotary fans
The law requires that each miner shah
.uppla d with at least '200 cubic feet
,.f ,.Vr minute. Fire damp is prova-
The tendency of recent years has
been to use "hiore of the smaller sizes
of anthracite, and consequently the
breaking has been done with this end
ing such a burden and look and feel
none the tlreder for It.-The Wide
According to official central market fta
tistics recently issued 801) tons of snails
were sold in Pans during the year luui.
GUARDING A FRENCH RAILROAD CROSSING
proaches a crossing oue sees a quaint
old dame, with a sunburned face, wear
ing an apron with wondrous stripes,
Curlouft Surgical Caa.
The popular belief that a man who
receives a wound from a bullet In the
heart is bound to die therefrom almost
instantaneously Is now seen to be un
founded, for at the last meeting of the
French Academy of Medicine Dr. I ?y
rat told of a man who was restored to
health after his heart had been pierced
bv a ball from a revolver. The yroxmi
cd man, ho said, was placed in a hos
pital In Tarls, and Dr. Lauuay, a noted
surgeon, operated ou him there with
great success. According to Dr. Pey
rat this is the only case of the kind
on record. True, statistics recently
compiled by Dr. Dentu. show that out
of every hundred persons who receive
wounds in the heart from swords oi
daggers from thirty to forty-two are
cured, but, though medical books have
been carefully searched, no record has
been found in them of a man who
has been rescued from death after his
heart had been perforated by a ball.
The Telephone in Corsica.
Ajaccio, in Corsica, the birthplace of
Napoleon, has a new telephone service.
At present its subscribers are three la
ITS THE PACE THAT KILLS."
rhototrraph by Alinun St Co.
The Hon. Michael Henry Herbert.
(Succfswir to Lord Pauncefote as British
Auibar.sauor to tuo u mieu owva.j
&f pSt Xy: d,rl
mi 'iwMM.jitwr gn r !tv 4m,rrltWm-E'll!M. .'SliJBSS?.'
I had a terrible cold and could 1
hardly breathe. I then tried Ayer's
Cherry Pectoral, and it gave me im
W. C. Layton, Sideil, 111.
How will your cough
be tonight? worse, prob
ably. For it's first a cold,
then a cough, then bron-
chitis or pneumonia, and
at last consumption.
Coughs always tend
downward. Stop this
downward tendency by
taking Ayer's Cherry Pec
toral. Three liies: 25c, SOc.'Sl. All drnatsU.
f Consult your doctor. If he ayi take it, I
t thn do a lie say. If ha tell you not
to take it, tnen oou t
Leave it with htm. AY are willing
i 1 jFka
THE BEST SHOE
IF YOUR DEALER DOES :
HOT CARRY THEM., (,
A POSTAL CARO TO US '
WILL TELL YOU WHERE
YOU CAN GET THEM.
OF THE SOUTH.
X y LaGHIPl'K OI.IS
Sold by all Druggists. X
2SO Young TmToxx
At once to qualify for pood positions whlw
will guarantee In writing under a $5,(JUU
deposit to promptly procure thorn.
The Ga.-Ala. Bus. College,
VV CA.MOV CAlHARTIt T
Auto "What was your record last -week?"
AutoOh! You're dead nlow. Mine was nine."
Trolley "Yes. hut I once nearly killed a President of the United States;
you can't beat that." PLiladeluliia '"'ir.irer.
Genuine stanped CCC Never sold la took.
Beware of the dealer -who tries to sell
"sornethinj jnst as pood."
ll Auto Hear
" 6hoe c
V 4 I