Newspaper Page Text
New Russian Church in New York City.
(jioe ix' wavy (his country. T ' .i r t ' l.i: v In iv:il Sn.d.i.v an 1 1 st ; n-- itiii in r.i'..-H.,iM ill i I' t 1 1 ' t 1i.ip', Jl'lHV ! Mm- 1H".V lilUi ll of St. i!:m, !-i ilii--! Niix'y : i !i s!ici t , New Vii! k (he first .YZ i t. ! ii liy I nf i f Aivlilii:.;i.; u;,i tli. I'a. ;.. building In Um. llu-dan Church, joiiriu ,-d the Man t iiikI I v:iv f if me o - m mm I J f ' ' "( ( c I'llioliirM, l.-i r ii ' th' i-ci i rr- V,;i dhi.li' tnr New Vi n k in i i 'iiln'Mcc 4 A!::s i ! i i s if Hie !;i , 1 1 i -r .V. was 1 1 1 ! :i r il ami mi"!'. J i il ca tier li-.' tinic r'jiially liciwiTM lllc Went. Ills (l!oi(-,c 1, !' II v '1 ) V D , . ; t : V j - ' ; ; ; i ' y 1 : .'.'' ' : ." - r - ! t ' , . U-v.- :' i " i 1 '-v - I . ' '. V '. - '.. - " . . .. .. i. t ; "qiGIlT KEV. TIKHON. (i;;.r!i p ot tho HushIhh ChuriMi for North Ann-rii'ii and thn Alcutiim lsliui'ls.) dodieuU'd by Archbishop Tiklion, the highest Russian Church dignitary in THE FAMOUS . FOOL TOWER A Vienna Monument Soon to Be Torn Down. HORRORS OF ITS CELLS. T" (TT IENNA'S famous "fool tower" is to he razed. That means Y the removal of one of the last remaining monuments to tho cruel and ignorant treatment of the in sane that obtained in Europe even as late as the beginning of tho last cen tury. There are many Viennese living to-day Avho can remember hearing tho terrible shrieks and yells issuing from this fool tower. There are physicians living who remember the time when, in that great building, men and women lay chained hand and foot, with none to go near them. These physicians oi' to-day remember discussions as to tho utility of various Instruments of tor ture, such as the "English coffin" and the "fool's wheel." Y'et the Vienna fool tower was built by an enlightened and exceptionally kindly mon Mch, Joseph II., whoso love of niankiti j guided all his life. Its construction and tho treatment given to its inmates, barbaric as they seem now. wore triumphs of philauthropy at the time. When it was built in ITS:"! the insane wore treated as worse than criminals. They were kept in cells in prisons and avoided by all as if they hail loatko soiimy contagious diseases. Emperor Joseph went as far as medical science .enabled him to go at the time. Thi-iy was no thought in Mio mind of any one in authority that Insanity could bp cured or ameliorati-d. iV ;.-;-".3"VV.' VIKXXA'S Thus, poror with all his humanity, the En;-cr-r.ld not mid di.l iat make of ids bulb r'-i:-v.i f. ng anything di'Teti-ni from the insane. Tiie i::-;iicii-i' ti.wer th.it tica'dv from the crown ; ina:::lag th v.n dlcal t-iiai i l ist s ma :cs a li (! of Ii (o.n X'ieia.a ei v."t :l i we!lt y- 1.' V ' ' 5 ..V &.jw;. '1 1; Till:: NEW RUSSIAN ORTHODOX YORK spaccly witli sr.iall windows, scarcely gi eater than loop holes, barred heavily. Sometimes two lunatics, or fools, as they were called then, were Imprisoned In one coll. Walls and floors are still studded with rings and bolts to which these unfortunate creatures were chained with enormous iron fetters. Very quiet lunatics were taken for occasional walks through the corridors, iT'i Art I III! l --vl'h' It i 1I ' AY w ' !ik V u I ,.W.V" LOADED WITH CHAINS. and sometimes oven in tho garden paths. The Emperor often visited tho iowor to assure himself that his regu lations were being observed fa itli fully, lie had written them out in his own hand, -and the most minute and trivial details had been provided for by him. Rut his efforts were without scum j tilic aids, and as a result tho inmates j were treated as dangerous and disgust- FOOL TOWEIt. ing creatures. The cells '-ontainin iin- it ienr ones were not openeu oftoner tlian twice a month, when powerful men would inter, seize (ho prison is and drag tln ni out to wash them. At tins fimo the cells were Cicani'd -t lie i nly lime when that was done. The fe-. ("Ing w.-.s ilrin, by means :r 1 iwtt jv n iff '., 1.1 i'. r t m ma 1KW i i church of st. Nicholas, new CITY. the pointed end of which va.; inserted in a crevice in the door of the coll. As the food waciitirely liquid, the pris oner was expected to tinco tiie noui ishment from tliis direct. Lunatics who were exceptionally noisy and violent wore thrown into colls that wore entirely dark, and if that did not quell them they were put under cold slower hatl :uk1 douches until thoy woiv exhausted. Chains and cold douches and dark colls wore used until near the middle of tho last century, and it was as late as 18(33 before the violent insane wore removed regularly to asylums that wore really adapted for the purpose ac cording to modern ideas. This Vienna fool tower, oven in its worst days, was a haven of rest com pared with many of the other prisons for lunatics that still existed then in Europe; and the Vienna treatment of the lunatic was enlightened compared with the ideas of such eminent and well disposed men as Professors Ideler and Horn, of Berlin, who wrote learned treatises in which they argued for tho useful and beneficent physiological and psychological effects of instruments of duress. They had such faith in the mechan ical treatment that their favorite im plement was a frightful thing known by the appropriate and frightful name of the "English coffin." This collin was one in fact. It Avas a long, narrow chest into which tho maniac was forced. Then the lid was fastened down. The only opening in it was one just largo enough to expose the face or tho patient. Another utensil was the "fool's wheel," which was to all intents and in design nothing except a magnified squirrel cage with tho familiar wheel. The raving lunatic was imprisoned m this wheel and left there until it slopped revolving, which fact was ac cepted as indication that the mania had worked itself out. Still more brutal were the iron masks that were used as late as ISi'.i. Some of these were uncart lied recently lrom the cellar- ot the insane asylum in An- dernach, (icrmany, and preserved by the present director of the institution. Two of them look exactly like tho Mire encers' masks worn when using tho foils. Tho third is far more massive. and made entirely of extremely heavy sheet tin. The latter mask has only two holes pier ed for the eyes and one tiny aperture for the mouth. To give the wearer air there are a few small holes in the ton of tho helmet. Dr. Johannes Rreslor, in a recent re view of the primitive and cruel meth ods used well into the nineteenth cen tury, remarks that his study of the ap pliances used in insane asylums in the last generation lias convinced him that they all date back directly to tho tor tures used in the prisons of the period when the insane person was confined as a matter of course with criminals and punished for being demented just as the criminals were punished for be ing wicked. The implements of pun ishment were adopted apparently as a matter of course when the lunatics were transferred to asylums. Wash ington Star. Volcanic ashes mixed with cement have In en used successfully in the con struction of a breakwater in Otani Harbor. Japan. ft x 3 KEV. ALEXANDCK IIOTG VITZKV. (Hector o! the New Church of bt. Ni h ilaf Tlip new huihlliig in Ninet y-sevcntl. street, near 1'il'tli avenue, is an Impos ing a-ul bcaut'-ful structure, said 1o have cost about SI-HUhh). A rectory adjoins it, and Is also shown in tho ac companying picture. Tho rector of the church is the Rev. Alexander lloto vitzky. As the Russian Church is a state institution, the Russian ruler ar.il Covernnieiit are interested in its work everywhere. Pcvlce Tor Curing StinblHinu. While it is possible in perhaps every case to cure strabismus or cross-eyes with the aid of surgical treatment, there are very few persons who arc wL lug to submit to the knife if the same result could be attained by any other method. It is t ho claim of the inventor of the appliance shown in the PARALLEL SIGHT TUBES. accompanying drawing that the wear ing of these peculiar-looking spectacles will cause the eyes to gradually resume their normal state, without more dis comfort than is caused by exorcising a muscle in any other portion of tho body. The idea is to enclose the af fected eye or eyes in tho device hero shown and gradually cause the straightening of the line of sight by a physical effort to look through the sight tube, which forms the solo visional? means of th? wearer. These tubes can be adjusted to gradually draw the lines of vision from tho two eyes par alloUcaoh other, by changing the posifWof the tubes from time to time as tlu eyes become accustomed to each nrjj- angle, until finally they reach their normal condition, solely through the exercise of the muscles which control the horizontal movement of the eye ball. The glasses are so constructed mat no lateral light rays can enter, and the wearer has no choice but to strain the muscles until the pupil is in line with tho tube before ho can see any thing. John Evangelist Stierle is the man who has designed this cure. Ittiin IfatH in Korea. Korea is a country of strange head- ! dress, but lioi Imps the most curious I headgear of all is tho immense rain- ' hat worn by the farmers' wives working in the fields daring the ,4' i ? I V N season. '1 hose extraordinary coverings are often as much as seven feet long and five feet broad, and protect the body as effectively as any umbrella coahl do. . In the Cossack regiments of tho Rus sian Army the nvoiave suicide rate fijf five years has been as high as li.lil ?: lOtx) per annum. lots of fellows have more monoi than brains, and not so much nnnoy z; C-r.t. Willi? I rainy j x ; 1 -) i i i ' -T 4t i A i 4- ;VE If ft i lot lull- l.inl y, Yivi bride Me ln;.c: mi did not bay 'J li.it you would it- , mine. And yet you ilul tint Una awuy Noi m.il.j one Iio.iKi m;,u. I kni"V tint you tn.iv nunc t ) me Some il.iy. And t, cite,,..' Willi t rir 1 murmur niurinliy - ' I is li.ird to bear Mi-ieiw( Y'o'i hade mo 1hi;ic. You did riot mnile. Yet co rnet wm your look. 1 liopc the ln t I can; incitiu hile ( Al.i! v.e li.tvo no cook. N w Yolk Tunes. Itrclilcilly. "So many diseases end in 'itis.' " "Well, the patient Is lucky when there I. n't any worse termination." Tuck. M-n Vary. Daughter "I don't want to marry just yet. I'd rather stay at school." Mother "You must remember, dear, men do not wish clever wives." Daughter "Hut all men are not like papa." Chicago News. lJr:f Ion Simtulneil. Judge-"Thc witness told nil that happened on the second lloor; now, Avhy do you object to his telling what happened on the third lloor V" 4 Counsel "Reeause, if it please your Honor, that is another story." -New York Times. J list iii Time. r Buster "See here, young feller, I've Sot a bone to pick with you." Fido "Good! I'm almost starved." New York Sun. How It May lie Done. She was inclined to be sentimental. He was nothing if not practical. "Would that you could tell mo how to mend a broken heart," she said. "I have known of cases where it has been done by splicing," he replied. That was the remedy tried in this case. New York Times. rnsulteil to l'ubllcailon. Tho beautiful young girl read and, reading, glowed. "A sweet love-letter:" she exclaimed," at last. "But it hi quite evident he doesn't expect ever to become great and famous. Else why does he write on both sides of the paper?" And a shadow darkened her gloriom face. Puck. Still a Chance For nim. 1 "You may as well give up trying to be a lawyer," said the old legal prac titioner. "It isn't in you. You might study for fifty years and you'd never learn the first principles of law." "I believe you're right," moodily re plied the young man. "I'll have to bo a justice of the peace, 1 reelc-.v.-."-. Chi cago Tribune. 1 To I'.fl'orin II i:n. Minister "Y'ou say you are going marry a man to reform him. That is noble. May I a si: who it is'.'" Miss lieauti "It's yorju Mr. road clipper." Minister "Indeed! I did not know he had any bad habits." Miss lleautl "Yes, his friends say that he is becoming quite mi.reilv." New York Weekly. Hoodoo! Mho Do? "Some people I know," he began In an insinuating tone, "act very much1 like a hoodoo." "Who do'.'" asked his indignant and suspicious friend. "Y'CS. that's What I snM luinibin"' !w..ii .,,.;.,-. '. . ...y anon iri lav lilieiillOU i,o dor' "Y'ou stupendous ass, that's what I say hoodoo! Hoodoo! Hoodoo!" "You hopeless gibbering Ullo't.. that's what I'm asking you Wlu do? Who ao? Who do'." At last their friends fo :nd tlieni locked in a deadly embrace, eliev.-iog r'ach other's ears, ami loi:g bei'oro tho Utempt at cxp; nation was con;; etcd each had been phi'-ed i : eriy' ;n a lrc'ivily paddfvl ap;,rtnK;.r.-I.oa A - A I I M'T'li ,sl