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V1 1 2 r Tile Ancient Kuins of , friknkc. l "T5 "57 "Vt r f : rJ -?T: - 7 ; TUWELEll who recently visited the famous ruins t NX 1 'alfliko. Mate (if ( hl.ilias. A f .Of. Mill, I.IHICI1H I III' .1.1 IIUl'X . which time nii'l tlit elements itiv grad ( iinlly 1 -i !i : : j In (In lr appearance and li i! Ill i 1 !, ,l. Y.Cti'll ' l:it i i.vni' 1 .. il .ix. i . . i . . ,... . -i. .t by the Ftdernl loverniucnt to preserve these i;:iprcs-ivo monuments of the highly cultured race who constructed Ihein, anil -f whose history and origin but little Is known. The climate of the region in whleh the ruins are situated the direct osiposito of that of Egypt, lasnnieh us the rainfall at Pnlonko l.?s been known to amount, to 200 Inches a year. The- air Is humid and encourages decay, and at the same time stimulates the rapid growth of Ihe vines and creeping,' plants, which -1; 1 .' CABVlNiJ FKO.M THE EUlN OF TALENSS arc disintegrating the walls and pave ments, and will eventually level them to the ground. So dense Is the foliage surrounding the ruins that light from the sun is almost totally obscured. The photographer who was employed hy the Mexican Covornment to take pic tures of the.' juins could accomplish his objtct in some instances only by means of a Hash light. The ruins of ralenko are about 200 miles from the port of Frontora, and are reached by steamer up the Tabasco River to San Juan P.autista aud thence by trail. The group all lie within n radius of 2000 feet, and consist of nine distinct structures, of which the "palace" is the largest find most central. The ruined buildings consist of temples, pyramids, aqueducts and edifices whose purpose is not yet ascertained. The temple is the largest of all, and pon it the ancient builders lavished ill their art. It Includes a court and balconies, as well as great corridors in which tablets in bass-relief are fast ened into the walls. Sculptures repre senting battle scenes and events of the V if y 7 9 4&V&,zX&4 .......At, I i ) i- 1 rr J vf '5 i rN i t. rrf V. . .- S ' 'fx, i f t ft-' v I 4 i J. jiation's life are carefully depicted. From them the physical characteristics and domestic habits' may be correctly ascertained. The dimensions of the "palace" are great. J'aj"-ngth is 233 fei f. and breadth 1M feet, and I 1 evattd on a mound .' 1 1 o feet h'lii;. fci t wide and forty fet't high. The ma terial iixid Mils stone, many blin ks of pitidkluiis -i;',c being used, ami all julnid together with mortar. Am great an lilt 't tiiiiil ability wax displayed by Hie builder of the cdili'.es at Pah nke n-t was kIhSvii by the architects who erected those of the Nile. IIov it was possible for a primitive people to fash ion, convey and sculpture such im mense litoiit s as were employed Is the wonder of nioiTern nrclnicolo'.'l.-ts. it would seem that the same people were the builders of these structures found at Mllta, Mayapan, Tula, as well as at Palcnke, a race which covered Yucatan and Ihe Southern States of Mexico with .nighty tunplcs. A French scientist with a lively Im agination and unusual powers of ob servation credits the "Toltecs" with building thee ancient temples, and llxts the seventh century as the period of their erection, but these confident assertions are doubted. Others place the era In which th y were built as early as the date of the pyramids of Fgypt. However, it seems to be proved beyond n doubt that many centuries bcfoiv the discovery of America thes? ruir.s were In existence. It Is not be lievtd that Cortez or those with him knew of the Fa!(rl;e ruins, though that conqueror must have hem close to them at one time. Europeans first heard of them In l"r0, but it was not until 17S7 that they were explored. The kev unlocking the mysteries hid den in the hieroglyphics which are carved on hundreds of tablets may some time be discovered, and the his tory of a great race of people and their origin be known, but their successors who now inhabit the region have no '.radltlons that can aid the inquirer. The ruins of Falenke should be pre served, and the Mexican (lovernment owe that much to the world. If It were possible to clear the timber away and destroy the growth of vines which is rapidly overwhelming them, these in teresting relics might bo saved for the future. They have so far resisted the effects of time and physical convulsion, but must eventually succumb to the ceaseh ss, persistent and silent assault? of an overwhelming tropical growth.--Scientific A merie.m. Tlie Hewitt I.mnp in Knzland. The remarkable mercury vapor lamps devised by Mr. Peter Cooper Hewitt are now being exhibited at the offices of the Westinghouse Company. These lamps can be run off any ordinary continuous-current electric light supply system, and show an ciliciency of two to three candks per watt, or for the same lighting require only about one ninth the current taken by ordinary glow lamps. The sole drawback to the light lies in its extraordinary color. There Is a total absence of all red rays, and consequently all tints red by ordi nary light are curiously perverted. A lady's lip? look purple; so that at pres ent no attempt is being made to utilize the light for domestic purposes, as feminine opposition would be too strong. In other cases, however, the llpht has very strong advantages. It is stated that It is an excellent light to work by, and this Ave can well believe. London Engineering. 4 V v r u ir iyvti. I " ','1 " f 1 f w I 1 tt ' -1 : V TUP: RUINED TEMPLE OF PALENKE. The yuckin, or moon guitar, of China, has four strings, turned in pairs, at in tervals of the lift li. The drum Is usu ally decorated with Chinese figures in various gvotc-iue pu.siti;jns. Oldest Man in the World 157 and Ilclhn Documents ; to Prove It. rndoubtedly the oldest man In tie' world, and probably the oldest human being, Is Manuel del Valle, of Menlc MANUKL )KL Park, Cal. lit of 157 years, lie has legal nas reached the agt proof of his age. In many cases (if persons living beyomi the hundred mark who have attracted public attfiitlon there has been grave doubt as to the year of their birth. Relief in their age is based upon the;! own stories or on hearsay. Manuel del Yalle's proof is docu mentary. He has in his possession the certificate of his birth, signed by the jefe politico, or chief magistrate of Zacatecas, . Mexico. The certificate, which shows that del Valle was born in Zacatecas on November 121, '1743, is supplemented by the records of the Mexican customs service, in which he served for many years. Were it not for these indisputable proofs it would scarce be believable that a human being could have reached the age of 137. At the time Del Valle was born 1. i S v. , 1 if 1 -r. , ' y ' - rf " i ', . ! ' 't' i . 1.-.' , ,. f yt.4 VV f I 1 I George Washington was only thirteen yiars eld. This living man was teN years old when the French and Indian Avar began. He Avas a grown man of twenty )? - i . ;if ,' - i it t:. . J v i- . ,; ..' . f i , :-. - , 7 . . h l s'V f ' , : ' i ! : , ( : y : . : , , $ -. .. " ' ... -i ..,v't , . . : . r- . i. J ' K Vl , " ' 7 if. t i j " v - 1 ' il ' c') -m I .-. k'U ' ' . ., ' ..:.'; .' .'.:,( ?''. . '. I . : i ; v : -v, f. , , 'f ("'t : m t " ' "i ' - , j' ' v! .1 --.v a . ' t ,. r ? . . . . . .-. . - v.. ' - '. "i ' ' j ' 1 11 ' i ' J ' ' ' i y;. s ' . . ' ' . v . . " ; - y 3 r", ' 4; V- V ij;- ) " V , , .if ' J -;V-'';!"' - ' - - battle of r.unl.er 1 1 111 wa. fought. lie was already ;,n old man wle-i Napoleon was d. fcited at Wateiloo, le lng then sixty five years old. Iel Valle was 1u yiais old m( I'.i be'.'innlng of t!i Mexican war. He rct.icil l;o ;i aitle 1 us n. , nh.e 1 1 i n yt;i!s before that, having th; .1 rein hl the ;!.:e of i He vas twenty ye ihty-ckht. i s ii i tistnms o!!l- ehil at F.nset'.ada, Lower Califoi VALLE, A(!K1) 157. From 1S1 4 to 18 13 he acted as super numerary in the Franciscan mission at San Quentin, Lower California, the first mission building to be established on tlie I'acifie coast, and which is now in ruins. In 1813, when he was just 100 y?ars old, Del Valk1 came with relatives to what is now San Francisco in a vessel that sailed around Cape Horn. !!. has lived in Memo Park s:nee then and has occupied the same room, his great-grandnephew, Jose del Valle, looking after the truck farm that sup ports the family. Manuel del Valle looks his great ?"ge. He is a little, dricd-up, frail man, scarcely ve fret tall r.r.d weighing not more than ninety pounds. He is still able to tyalk without assistance and takes ft daily stroll about his house. He has not been more than two blocks away from it in thirty years. He can see but little, but he hears fairly well. He speaks English brokenly, but un derstands it well, lie never was much interested in the big events of the world. lie says he has never used liquor r.or tobacco. Furthermore he declares that he never has wet his feet nor been out in a frost, apparently holding these things to be equally abominable. He never eats solid food, his only nour'''hrient being bean broth, and all day 1. ..Jr he sits in the sunshine in front of his adobe home. New York World. Sinnrt l'oz Snv Tioublo. . The following Incident occurred while the writer was a student in the Philadelphia Normal School. The teacher of drawing there was extreme ly anxious that the girls should do imaginative work. She requested them to make a draw- lug to illustrate a story in which a d og and a tree were the principal faetors. One bright young lady linislietl her Avork aud then sat verv comnla tly 1 1.. waiting for her criticism, l'r esc: Miss Campbell appeared, and as :o looked liprn a beau'iiUd drawing, of a tire s;; good, but Avheie is the d S'.lCtl -'IT '1 'he ":li. dog:" ; 1'dy "i'h.hi ('og." :'( binned i:.'- y h (';; behind the trci Eed'.rer. It 1 'V' j il of I'l" ilfiit Arthur m ... , ;S1.- I -' .f-.'.V! . ' ..'..V i'l V; '.'; ';-y : '-? v '' 'r' . in.' monument at the grave of dul ler A. Arthur. In Itural Cemetery, Al bany. New York, is Lt the form of nngel 'placing a palm leaf on a sarco phagus, lt ii a be;'.-.:'.ir'i:l piece of sculpt 11; e. At th" base : here appear. c:.'.y th: .uii:: u hi n tin v , t 3 Farm Topics jj i)i:ri:cT.s and soundness. Th? line of l!stlii('tli between rour.tIr:e..s ai;d ser leealde s K'.ndi.cs M':u m!ii whtther the nlhnei.t u a blenibh or (!ue to the kind of worl; the horse ha: had to do. a horse can be u"tl on a farm with n blemish even unsoundness which would rei:dt It uyelc-s as a driver, and w !.!; t In l.orse xvou'.d be st I'vieeiibly sound ; the farmer, It would not, In the latter case, bo sound nt all. When n horse has one hip lower than the other it Is not always an unsound ness, v.i In many cases It does r.ot In terfere with h!s usefulness. Interfer ing Is not nn unsoundm ss, but a defect lu tin; gait, '('ribbing" Is sometimes given in the Fngllsh bcr.cli as an un soumlness, but the Aiueri'an very often attributes it to Imitation of a bad habit In another hoi'.-c L'r. F. lorrcnce, In The Cultivator. IXCURATOr.S A NECESSITY. Years ago Incubators were cmei. rretl princljially in the light of luxur!;-?, to be possessed only by poulirymen of unlimited means, but a new era has dawned, one of necessity, not niono for thce who raise large Cocks, but for those also who raise only a ts' hundred chicks. Incubators are no longer experiments, successful only In rare cases, but their construction nn 1 working arrangements aie so simple that they art! always a decided sue tCF.'. The cost has been lowered to within the reach of everyone, and since they require so little time and atten tion, every person who raises as many cs "00 chicks should own one. Keep the hens laying and let the In cubator do the hatching. It Is much easier to raise the chicks in brooders, and the loss from disease and acci dents will be ir.uch less. Try one this' season and rc if your profits are not larger. He::: 2 and Farm. DAI?A JOTTINGS. The natural temperature of ir.ilk is about 100 degrees or little more. The calf should be fed milk about tills tem perature, and cold or sour mil's never fed. Place small lumps of rock salt in the pails from which cows are fed. Milk from a newly calved cow should not bo sent to the factory until after seven milkings. If rape and lucerne be allowed to wilt in the s' 1 for some hours after being Avet and fed to cattle Immediate ly after being milted, the taint in the milk will bj very slight and will disap pear entirely after cooling, and good, sweet butter can be made from it. Milk should be treated in the same way when wild mustard or wild carrot is abundant in the hay. ' Ensilage which has become consider ably spoiled and smells very strong should never be near coavs when they are being milked, or while the milk is close to a manger, as the smell is so strong from such ensilage that milk will absorb it from the outside. If a cow has a sore teat that will he Injured by the hands in milking, do not wet it with milk, but use a little vase line. .... FOR OUTDOOR FEEDING. At a season of the year when, it is desirable to feed most of the stock in the pasture a number of troughs made like that shown in the illustration will be found to save considerable labor. The trough may be made any size to accommodate the animals to be fed. Tr.oran foe ri'sxc::: For horses and cows it may bo ar ranged 011 the font h as shown and for -heep and swine fastened lower uoavu on ihe fence. Made a foot Avide at the bottom, aud. say, twenty inches at the top, it Avill be about right. The trough should be securely spiked to the fence posts as shown, and it' tAvo animals are to be fed at a time it may be divided in the middle. If the animals are tied to the rims at the posts each Avill get its share. Troughs of this kind are especially desirably when corn, oats or chopped roots ai to be fed in the field and by their use less or AA-asto of the food is p;v euted. Indianapolis News. 1 T'" " ""61 j ' """ ' ' --T"--ai "" 4 -ii:-fX'-.-r-''' .r---a ;,;t "' An Attruipt Which FaUetl. The IV.tngueso attempted to estab lish cattle farming in Newfoiiadlan I in 1333, but all iraeo of the cairn.: Is they imported have been lost. More then 321,000 acres of lard in the Indian possessions of Great Uritaln are devoted to the cultivation of lea, nine-tenths of the area being in Assv.ni and I'.engal. Production is o'nvkilijr estimated r.t ll'l;,-yyj pj'aJs.