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SOUTHERN FAIW : jlOTES.
C3 O - O - r?CS CF INTEREST TO THE PLASTER, ISurr Clover on Culjlvatril I.itiul. i For more than liftoon years I have foen burr clover grown under different conditions i:i the South, and have boon fcomowhat discouraged will) It In many cases. It docs not seem to Ik; a sure crop on Bermuda noil, possibly for the reason that tin? burrs do not g't down to tlio ground in tin; thick dead prays, mid as a result tlio seed fall to ger minate. If hoavii alone It docs not form a covering for tlio ground nf tor Juno, ng It dios down about tlio last of May, after making seed. Tills permits a growth of weeds and other undesirable things on the land till fall.' I am now convinced that one of the best -ways to manage It Is to grow it on cultivated Holds during -winter and miring -when they are not needed for other crops. A method which lias given eminent satisfaction on many farms in South Carolina Is to cultivate the crop of corn, cotton or tobacco in the ordinary way with a view to leaving the land as near level as possible at the time , of laying by the crop. Just ahead of the plows at the last cultivation In summer sow the soe:l thinly, renicm Lerlng that each burr contains a num ber of seed. Plow the crop with heel 6 weep or such other implement as will nerve the desired purpose of shallow cultivation. By this means the seed will be covered about the right depth, and the crop can be gathered without injuring them iu any way. They come up In the winter and make a very early spring pasture of excellent quality. It Is at its best in March, April and May, just when we are in need of something till the Iicrmuda pastures are good. When the clover begins to bloom be sure not to pasture so close that It will not make seed. When it has died down go over the land with a hay rake to clean off the dead vines if too deep to plow in, and this will expose the seed so that as many as may be desired can be swept up and saved. The land Is then in a line, mellow condition, and can be prepared and planted in cotton or late corn, and will make a line crop. Lay by the next crop level and the clover will make a lino pasture year cfter year as long as it is allowed to go to seed. G. E. Nesoni, in the South crn Cultivator. Jlanglnc Lantern. It is not safe to hang a lantern on a common nail as many do. Have some hooks made and put them up in the barn and stable to hang your lantern on, then it will not get knocked off. LANTERN HOOK. They will not unhook by being hit with anything. Three-eighths-iuch round iron, sharpened on one end aud bent as shown in the illustration, an swers the purpose. J. S. Blackwell, in The Epitomist. Molci Are Profitable. Mules can be raised more cheaply than horses. Frequently a four-year- old horse will do little more work than a two-year-old mule. Prudence, however, would not allow a mule to do heavy work at that tender age. It would dwarf the colt, and greatly re duce its probable value when matured. Such work as easy driving, hauling small loads, and pulling a light culti vator may be done by a two-year-old mule colt that is well matured for its age. If it is given only such work and excesses are always carefully avoided, the colt may have its muscles grad ually hardened and be generally bene fited by being used. The trouble is that abuses and excesses are likely to happen and the colt become almost ruined. If used as advised, the colt will be a ' fine work animal at four or live years cf age. A horse at this age is likely to be rather tender aud not well ma tured. This early maturity is only one of the virtues of the mule. They are less likely to become blemished than horses. They will stand more abuse than horses; but should not oe abused, for they profit by good care and kind treatment. About the first practical thing most persons learn about the mule is that it will stand hot weather better than the horse. The mule be comes sick less frequently 'than the horse; and for ordinary farm work rarely requires to lie shod, r.ecause this is true, though, the hoofs should not be neglected nnd allowed to go without being trimmed. I .Owins to a rvater intelligence, or to Cl. STOCK MAS AND TRUCK CflOYEP,. some other cause, the mule will take care of Itself better than the horse. l'h mule avoid.- dangerous places and will got its foot on safe spots if they are to be found. Those who are unsuccessful iu rais ing other live stock ought to succeed In raising mules, because the animals themselves will to a Aery large extent care for and raise themselves. Handy Appliance Kor ftnrrirnori. "We illustrate this week a handy de vice which may be readily made at home, and one that will be thoroughly appreciated by market gardeners who have large quantities of vegetables to prepare for market. J lie device con sists of a box open at both ends, made of boards a foot long, and of any de sired width. These boards are used to maTce the sids and the bottom as shown in the lower part of the cut. To one side -hoard Is screwed a sec tion of an old scythe blade, the edge being sharpened so that it will cut readily. Across the top of both side boards, in the centre, cut a slit about an inch deep. Lay the string iif these cuts and place the vegetables to be bunched on It until the slriu?, touches the bottom of tlio box. When the bunch is of the desired size tie It with the string and then bring the string In contact with the edge of the scythe blade attached to the side board. The work can be done in this way quickly and the bundles will be neatly and firmly tied. The device costs buta few minutes of time and it "will pay for it self many times over during the sea son. Indianapolis News. Soil Exhaustion. Trofessor Whitney. Chief of Division of Soils, United States Department of Agriculture, makes the following state ment; "I have never in my experienc seen a case in which one could say with any degree of certainty, or even probability, that exhaustion was due to the actual removal of plant-food. It is perfectly safe to say that the condition of the so-called worn-out soils in the Soutli Is duo not to an actual extraction of plant food, but to the chemical condition in which it now!s. in which it is unavailaole to plant? , and that the restoration of the fertility of that land must be not necessarily in the addition of plant food to the soil, but ir. bringing about such changes in the physical conditions or in the chemical combinations ns will encourage that natural weathering of the soil which brings the plant food into a condition in which the plant can get its support." The authority quoted is a high one, and his words have weight. lie knowM of no soil once fertile that has be-5 I must4 . cropped down to such a point tore Clemen t chemical analvsis would not show tc-r all, the- presenoc of great quantities of p!a?9 - food. An nnbroduetlvo condition of a field once fertile does not signify that plant food has been removed by crop ping to the point of exhaustion, but that the condition, of that field has been permitted to become bad, or that the plant food in the soil is permitted to rest in such chemical combinations that plants cannot use. A clear con ception of tills fact affects our farm methods if fertility were gone we should add all required to produce cropss. New Strawberry Culture. A good way of handling strawberries that is little used is as follows: After the fruit is plekeJ cut the vinos back close to the ground. If a mower is set very low it can be used for this pur pose. After that the row should be plowed to the desired width, and the middles thoroughly cultivated out. Then use a hoe to thin the plants in the rows. This is much less work than re setting, and some claim the yield will bo greater the following year than from 'plants that have been set out ia the usual manner. Two 1'neful lIIniK. For worms oa cabbage, lice on col lards, curculio on plum trees, spray with old sour buttermilk. Keep the milk until it is a week old and use it freely; It Is quick and sure death tc bugs and worms and not at all hurt ful to trees, plants or -man like some other remedies might be. For rabbits eating the bark off ol apple trees rub the body of the tret with a fat salty bacon skin and h will never touch it again E.F. Young, in the Southern Cultivator. A SANITARY TENT. The I.Mtmt II rut III rvl Cor Coiikiiiiip tlr. The newest thing la health devices In the Rock Mountains Is the sanitary cottage tent, in whhh a gnat many persons allliotcd with tuberculosis are Ihlng almost out of doors in many HAS ITAHV TF.NT l'OIl CONSfMl'TITESj. parts of Colorado and others of the Kooky Mountain States. This tent Is ton by twelve feet, as designed for but one person. It has a good frame, floor and wainscoting. The latter Is two and a half foot high above the floor, and above this Is two and ti half feet of canvas, making the side walls live foot high from lloor to angle of roof. It Is covered with double walls of canvas, between which Is an air space of four Inches and so ar ranged as to ventilation that a con stant circulation of fresh air surrounds the Inmate of the tent cottage. Th outer roof canvas or "l!y" is elevated six Inches above the Inner roof and projects two feet at each end and each side, thus protecting the tent from sun, snow, or rain. By a simple mechanism the upper half of the outer wall of each side and the rear end can be converted Into an awning, thus changing the tent cottage Into a tent pavilion whenever desirable. These features are shown In the illustrations here presented. Other devices regulate ventilation at will, the whole making a very convenient, cheap and comfort able habitation, durable, portable and easily dismantled by the removal of eight bolls. l'nto;ti and Wondr rful Gannon!. A genuine fish dress for women is shown in the accompanying illustra tion. These unique and woiderful garments are worn by wealthy ladies "V; Oi. 1 "i FISH SKIN DliESS I'liOM SIllEUI, of the Amur Kiver region in far-off Siberia. Thoy can iioav be seen at the American Museum of Natural History and are probably the only ones in America. New York Commercial Ad vertiser. Striking an average of the whole Orange Kiver colony, land values have doubled since the war. '1ST " form' 'A-fi .TM " t w' - ' "V v. Mi ; A ?;i:m:m ii m .vV.J M.V - 5 i t : , -' If .'V . ' 1 i J':-- 'V: .bSf'-ri $ J l" - -S f i I v WILL MOVE' SMITHSON'5 BODY (Irliii lVRtit Hi l.rniinil Orcuplcl lij A him !-' lii nr ftii inr. Jnmos Smlth'-on, the founder of thr Kudth-oiilaii Institution. Is about. to he turned out of his grave, in Genoa, Italy, to make room for a 4uany, says the Kansas Citv Star. t; birth, life and death of this great henei'jielor of mankind wore for hlia one sorb s of misfortunes, and i:ow evui his resting place Is to bo de stroyed. As the illegitimate son of a duke and a noble lady who was the descendant of Kings, ho eanio into the world tin welcomed; his life was em bitter d and blighted by the thought of his stained birth: ho died iu Genoa ho never had a home without a single kinsman beside bis deathbed; his grave was dug in a city far from bis native land, and now his bones must be turned out of hi: grave la order that tlu city may got stone for Its harbor works. The movement that has boon started urging that the body of James Sinlrn- SMITHSON'S TOMH AT OEXOA, ITALY. son be brought to the United States j deserves and ought to gain success, j If the people to whom ho was so gen- j e rous knew or realized that his bones I were about to be disturbed thoy would insist upon honoring the memory of their great benefactor by bringing i them to this country aud giving them a ; permanent resting place in the grounds of the institution which he founded. The United States Cjvernment ought to assign a war ship to carry his body In state across the Atlantic. It would be base ingratitude on America's part to lot him be buried again in Genoa in another cemetery where, as time goes on and .the city grows, he will be again disturbed. Judging by the Job, A man Avas taken on as a laborer in one of the large shipbuilding yards oa the Clyde. The first job he had to do was to carry some rather luavy planks. He had been about an hour carrying them when he went up to the foreman and said: "Did ah tell you ma name whin ah started":" "Aye." said the foreman. "You said it was Tamson." "Oh, that's a' right." replied the man, looking over at the pile of planks ho had yet to carry. "Ah wis wunnorin' if you thocht ah said it wis Samson."-Tli-IUts. French cabinet-makers have learned a way of preparing sawdust and mak ing it into articles of ornament that resemble carved woodwork. if- i . z t i ti , - Ti. Hiitki, lfSSr'-"i it i - -. .ri. ,,IlpiJSEilQLD , AFFAIRS ni:v eiiAin covering. Tor durability as well ns novelty for covering chair seats a now sateen goat's hair covering, made entirely of ln!i: wool, Is excellent, and may be bad In rich, deep rd, green, blue an'. golden brown. LACK DDOU TAMILS. i Lnce door panels, after tlui latest Idea, are now mounted on metal frames, so the panel can be removed nnd the glass cleaned without disar ranging the lace. The frames conic tu fit all the usual sized openings. YLXTIL ATi:i CAKI1 I'.OX . ' Ventilated cake and brtad boC; nro among the newest and best. They are of japanned tin, the shelves are per forated, and there is a ventilator in the top of the bread box nnd in the upper part of the door of the caka closet. i'.lenDinT; of colors: A loading spirit In the hous Jur nlshing world of to-day, one j h& for his originality and sucoessfi.il re sults, says: "Any one can match." A keeping entirely to one tone results in monotony. Any room distinguish able as a red room, a green room, a yel low or blue and white room becomes irksome to live in, because of its in completeness. Colors should be used, aud If properly blended, the effect will be :iot colors, but color, which Is ill- wnva Tnch-nliln X, A BRIGHT IDEA. A clever woman who had been hoth prcd in identifying her trunk in num berless rai'way stations, concluded to put an ci?(1. to her trials by having her Initials stenciled on all four sides of it, is well as on the top. "You don't know what a comfort it is," she says. "In stead of wandering gloomily thaough, acres of trunks trying to pyo'.TCout mine, I now find it without the w.st ililllculty. It not only saves time, hut It also saves temper. I wonder I a.evcr thought of ft before." IN THE LIVING ROOM. The living room Is now a recognized factor in the modern house. In secur ing the desired "livable" quality th" wall and lloor coverings play an impi tant part. If they are heavr1' terned and glaring they are out 111 A very common error is to adoi 1 upper part of the Avail with an ol. J sive frieze. Anything bcloAAr twelve feet in height needs only a cornice top . nnd bottom as a finish. Scotch rugs iuade in Morris patterns in unusual ' and artistic combinations of colors i make effective yet inexpensive living UriIOLSTERY FABRICS A new and very beautiful fabric for upholstery or drapery has softly tinted floral festoons of the time of Marie Antoinette, thrown on a light moire or bloom linen with a silken sheen. This is especially designed to oe used Avith dainty, dehVate furnish ing schemes, and is in direct cojjfrast to the bold effects and designs 'tiered to accompany an arts and crafts room. For a Georgian or Colonial room nothing is 'better for covering the' fine old mahogany pieces, or, as a hanging. than a silk brocade, just out, that is a reproduction of a rare old English Id Cms pomegranate pattern. Mock Indian rudding rour four cupsful of scalding milk oa two cups ful of cereallne; then add half atiip of molasses, one and a half levcyyiile spoonsful of butter; pour intoX-t flut tered baking dish and bake oi? liour in a s!oav oven; serve with cream. German Toast Beat three eggs a lit tie; add half a teaspoon of salt, one cupful of milk and two tablespoons o sugar; dip slice, of bread in ' cook on a hot griddle; trow; side, then turn and broAvn th-:.. this may bo serve;! for luncheon or as a dessert with sa; Coffee Custard Put over the fire two cupsful of milk, and two tahicspoons- ful of ground coiYce; whe:a scalding hot, remove and strain; beat line egg yolks; add to them three taVi mis- ful of sugar and the scaldug raiik; strain into buttered individual moulds; set Iu a pan of hot Avater and bake in a moderate oven until firm in the centre. Apple Tapioca Soak three-fourths :up oi penrl or menite tapioca onhour, drain, add two and one-half "5 of boiling water and half a twis- a et sail; cook in the double boiler sAl transparent; core and pare seven rath er tart app'.cr; arrange them in a but tered pudding di-h; fill the cavities with sugar; pnur ever the tapioca and l;ak( In a moderate oven until apples are soft; serve with us;ar anj'at rTiM-i iTrf3