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vlii il I'M.' v ,, il ,1 ,)!i. V I. en Ami l.l V nil'lnv Oil' M limit) 1 1 1 n iinf L'l,t! H.iti ' "U lit My , Wl,.V And W hen Ami every tl.'l.t is t.tr the hUc, r i m i -t-H in. t '-uc, I'll ! K-n. ,'ui'l vi-i; n;il puat luivu n tint or two; turf nut irriff h;if ..h.-im! away I'tMif j.,v Ihv'iii: tin' t:. I nii.l i , . i ( . . - il,,y a my bur k!ii; toiin i in. Ujiull vi PATRIMONIAL THAT Ave girls of the present day urn a vast Improvement upon what our mot lu ra were; (. that avo take a nitirt! practical, n timi.A st'iisil.ic view of .life; that Ave liavo ' yisuacd nearly nil those hilly, nrtllifii conventions tiy which the Victorian woman sot so much store, no candid observer will deny. Yet, oven now, sonic of tho aforesaid Billy conventions still survive, nn.l one, the silliest of all; I mean the relation of woman to man In the preliminaries which load, through courtship, to wed lock. 'prly forty years ago Darwin Etai-ft ,7 the old wives of his day by f xplvVVu:; upon them, as a bombshell, Ids novel theory of natural selection. I, too, In my smaller way have startled some old wives of my gen'ation by torpedoing them, so to speak, with my novel theory of matrimonial selec tion. Hut I must tell you all about that theory; why I formed It, and bow I carried It Into practical effect. - First, then, as to why I formed It. I had rjt been "out" many months whe.j occurred to me to Inquire Into the rson of the absurd custom by which the right of selection and pro posal lies exclusively with the man; to ask myself why It was thnt he should be free to pick and choose, whereas she his equal In many things and his superior In most should have to con tent herself with being picked and chosen. And when I came to look Into the .point it, I Ur-ciover "wh'f but thr Into the .point to inquire the "why" of ered that there was no that it was merely a mean ingless convention an empty custom, existing because it existed, and ob served because people were foolish enough to observe it. Nay, Jt was more than meaningless it was rotten, It was Iniquitous. If marriage means anything to either party (a point, pcr r'?. open to discussion, upon which ? not here embark), it means more jrwoman than to the man. To .but an incident, to her It is a him 'tis still the same old lh variations; to her 'tis a ; 'bow piece that has to be learned aucTstudied ab initio. Of this fact the name process is emblematical. Let him be Mr. Smith, let her be Miss Jones. They marry. What of him? He remains Mr. Smith to the end of the chapter. What of her? Her "Miss" becomes forthwith converted Into "Mri her "Jones" transformed into "Smith." Her former name and style know her no more. In one word, 1 he is the absorber, she the absorbed. Now to be absorbed the process of absorption is far more momentous than to the absorber. That is axiomatic. T therefore follows that if either one Jis a greater liberty than the other in p field jf selection, that one should the vvotnan. But in practice by a st absurd convention things are ecisely the reverse. Man, the ab rber, can select and propose to any umber he likes of the whole fair sex. Voman, the absorbed, is limited in her iiolce to jtjst those few men that may e fit to propose. While he has thou Inds to pin from, she has only units; id those frequently the wrong units, hat Is the worst of it. She may see ae man who is just suited to her; zhorn she knows she could make hap ider than any other woman could; who vould, in a word, be the ideal mate vor her. But he is not among those ,-ho have proposed to her. Therefore, . e is not within practical politics. She iarriesanie one else as a pis aller, But t& 'former who doesn't begin y adoif V in practice his own doc- rines Uy true reformer. He Is macka charlatan, a numoug. l am ot that sort. My motto, like Straf- ord's, has always been Thorough i , "As a fivs step," says I to myself, f, townm trn srerring into woman s a'nds the initiative in matrimonial flection, X-tvill exercise that initiative iiyself. Others, when they see my success, will follow my example; and boon the benighted custom by which ny sex are treated as mere passive roposees will Jhave been relegated to he limbo ofploded fallacies." I first.taelXmed my resolve to mam na. I did not expect support from he amiable but obsolete old dear; and certainly did not get it. Mamma ras aghast. Her hair almost stood on nd; or, rather, it would have stood on nd had it been hers to do so. I did lot mind mamma's displeasure, how W? V- not the fate of all re ver. formers t ; misunaerstoou, nuuseu j'erided by their own families? Be sides, was I to be turned aside from jiiy high emprise by a mere outburst 'f obsolescence? No, Indeed! 'Tis In fuch pinpricks that your whole-hearted 'evolutionist finds, not an obstruction ut a stimulus. So with me. It purred rue on. I resolved to open taj 1 cit t'i- rr-t V An I i,t !d t!i" r,!;(,u- r-i.tr, 'I'n wi.hil t i i i r : i tin 'II lirm tf me J In' li, ( I'll v. ,i 1 1 fur ; Bit ii.t 1 ri! ti ini'1,1 liovv f..lo 1' :i .- ..im her .( f is ,i . A"'l i : . 1 1 1 1 y lii'iii'ji to i l.i'r 'I he t I'f.r V li;i il V t' .;'.', V, I Sr-h a.,. I try u.'i.ry Irud 'I k hide ii. y !' t'li.i ,!'in I Itmnv J'll be ii ln'm tiint' t!t'.nl Whin Ili.it tM slro culi'.t'.o in. .John WaJIi Clf.UT.iaa, in J Mi. SELECTION. new campaign without a moment's delay. The first thing to do, of course, was to pick out my man my ideal mate. That was simple. In fact, I had al ready had my eye on him for some time. His name wns Charles Wilton; his ago. thirty-live; hix pedigree, un exceptionable; his person, prepossess ing; his maimers, agreeable; his pur suits, athletic, and. his moral charac ter above reproach. Moreover (but Hits Is Incidental, and in no wise In lluonced my considerations!, he had lately inherited from his father a for tune of 20(),0)0. That, then, was done. My ideal iite was selected. Next to apprise him of my selection and to Invito reciprocity. Tliis took a bit of thinking out. I thought it out. The result of my re fiocti$.s was that I decided to seek expert advice; to pick up wrinkles from one or other of my married friends. I pitched on Dollk? Dulverton, who had been lately absorbed by young Cattl- stock, of the Bays; and to her I went. After unfolding to her my scheme in general outline, I said: All that I wish to do, at the first going off, Ts to change the personality of the proposer, not the method of pro posing. One must not attempt too much all at once. Therefore, I have come to you to ask if you can give me any useful tips, based upon your own experience as a past proposce." Ah," said Dollie, smiling, "you wish me, in fact, to coach you up in the manners and rules of good proposing?'' "I wish you to tell me," I answered, "what phraseology Mr. Cattistoek made use of when he proposed to you. It may serve me as a useful line." Pollie thought for a moment or two, picking up the threads of recollection. Then she rejoined: 'Very well, my dear, you shall have a precise account of all the circum stances. The affair took place at Lady X.'s dance. Frank began bv remark ing that the room was devilish he begged my pardon confoundedly hot. I acquiesced. Have you made a note of that, my dear?" "Go on," I remarked, with some im patience. "I wish to get to the kernel of the nut. These little preliminary breakings of the outer shell are im material." Nay," answered Pollie, "you can not get to the kernel without these little preliminary breakings of the outer shell. It i.s an integral part of the process. . However, I will proceed. Frank's next observation, referred to the floor, which he declared to be a ripper. I concurred. Then he said, give him such a lloor and a partner whose step suited his, don't you know, and, by Jove, what more could a fellow want? I said nothing. I only looked hard at the toes of my satin shoes. I knew now what was coming, and that the less I Interrupted the quicker it would come. Frank cleared his throat and tugged at his mustache. Then he embarked upon a confused and un grammatical rigmarole, in which 'Partner step suited ball of lif e heaven on earth,' were the only distinct and intelligible expressions." .Pollie paused. "And that's all," she said. "Po you mean," I demanded, "that he never asked you, In so many words, to marry him?" "Never! Without another remark we were in a corner of the consent tory behind two oleanders and a plas ter Apollo he took me in his arms. I offered no objection. So there we were, That settled it." "Well," I said, after a brief reflec tion, "I shall meet Charles Wilton at Mrs. Z.'s dance to-morrow night; and I will see what can be done if I get the opportunity." " 'If, my dear?" cried Pollie. "There is no 'if in the matter. The proposer makes his opportunity." "I suppose he does," I was fain to admit. "There are a good many things to learn about this new role, after all "It is an art and hs its technicalities like every other," she replied. Which was so undeniable that agreed to it without comment. Next evening, I went to Mrs. Z.'s dance. There, as anticipated, I met Charles Wilton. I cast about how shouU make - my opportunity. But this proved to be unnecessary. He asked me if I would sit out the fourth waltz with him. I did. The ground being thus cleared, It only remained for me to put into practice Pollie's man ners and rules of good proposing. I began: "Pon't you think the room er very hot?"' Now he ought to have acquiesced But he didn't. He answered, instead: "Po you thin!; ? (l I find it just comfortable." ' ) T!i!i il e;nrl in-o fritn the rulei of 1h line ra I In r pn. :lt d n.e. What wn-i I to (! )? I ii i.lt m! t i h-iiiTi' It iiu,! unl et ,1 tin though It bad Imt oeeun.d. "If yiti iii," lo .".nsui nd, "1 hei.ld s.iy that there U u tili'.e to.) much beeswax :i !t." Tlds reply v:u ( till more upM t! lug. lltr.vevr, I made a bold dask. 'ClviMi such a I'.ojr and a partner wlmso steti suits one, what ctAild a want more'.'" was not fdlrnt. He did not stare at the toes of his pumps. 1I did l.ot (evidently) know what was coining. Instead, he answered genially: "Pon't matter a button-top to me. Tho only dancing I ever do Is to Avail; through a square. But I dmv say that what you suggest Is very Jolly for those who like It." This Avas too vexing. It (pilte killed my opening for tint metaphor about The Ball of Life" nn.l "Heaven on Farth," so I Avas brought to a stnnd- stlll. Soon afterward he took mo back to mamma; ami tho chance was gone. Evidently Polly's met hod was no go. And on thinking it over I saw why it was no go. It was because It was an allusive method. Now the allusive method Is, no doubt, very sound for n man, and for this reason: Woman knows him to be a proposing animal; she Is, therefore, on the qui vivo; she leads up to it. But a woman proposing for the lirst time, as I was doing, is in a very different position. The man, naturally, never suspects her inten tion (having always regarded her as a mere passive pnposee); he cannot make out what she Is driving at, and so her nl'usivencss Is lost on him. "Yes," gaid I to myself, "there Is only one Avay the direct way. .1 must treat him as one treats children. I must be plain, literal, precise. I must say what I mean in the most simple, un equivocal language. Yea! I must, as it wore, propose to him In words of one syllable. T love you. Will you wed me?' There can be no mistake about that. It is the formula that I shall certainly adopt." We next met about four days later. It was in a tea shop in Bond street. I was drinking chocolate alone at a little table. There was a bunch of hyacinths in a vase on the table. He came in; he saw me; he took a chair opposite to me. Greetings were ex changed. I looked about. No one was near. Here was niy chance. Bravely I began: "I ove " There I stopped. Tho "you" simple, easy little word would not for some reason come out. It stuck in my throat. "Well! What do you love?" he in quired. The "what" Irritated me. Was ever such incorrigible denseness? A woman would have had the sense to say whom," as a matter of course. But he had invited a neuter, and a neuter he should have, if only to punish him. "I love hyacinths," I said, crossly. Y'et even here there would have been a way out had he possessed an ounce of perception. He had only to say, as a woman in like case would have said: "Happy hyacinths!" Then I should have remarked: "I always associate you with hya cinths." But what do you think the opaque creature did say? "Pon't care for 'em myself? Smell too strong." It was really impossible to do any thing with such a perfect miracle of obtuseness. So ray second chance was lost. However, a reformer who gives in after tAvo failures is no reformer. J audder must try again. I must be still nio)con simple; still more elementary in n'r language. After all, the "I love yovf) Will you wed me?" formula was what logicians woidd call a complex proposi tiona combination of the categorical "I love you," which in view of what followed, was really superfluous. I would only retain the essential por tion, viz., the interrogative "Will you wed me?" Four plain words of one syllable. Surely, these admitted of no ambiguity or misapprehension. Our next encounter was in Piccadilly, on the north side, near Devonshire House. I was walking west, he east. We met face to face. I held out my hand. He took it. Noav wa3 the time. I made the fateful plunge. "Will you " Would you believe it? At that su preme moment, by the cruellest stroke of luck (surely the stars In their courses were fighting against me), I swallowed the wrong way, and had a violent chok ing fit which lasted for two minutes. It was too exasperating. To be put off just at the critical point by a silly little affair of the windpipe. Of course, I couldn't complete my sentence after that. It would have been liko finishing one's best story when one has been interrupted in the middle. So when Charles Wilton, having waited in polite sympathy until I had done choking, remarked: "Y'ou were about to ask me " "To come to tea to-morrow after noon," I replied, feeling obliged to say something. "With the greatest pleasure," he re joined. When I returned home I foind to my satisfaction that mamma would be out the following afternoon. "I shall see him alone. And this time I Avill succeed," said I to cyself, Eettlns my teeth resolutely. , .. I f-hoilld Ji.lTf FU"0C0drd, too. Thv i ii ) doubt itbout 1h.it. But rn tin-1-ifiketl for net Kb nt again batMed rie. l'efin I had time to Kiy U Word, Charles Mid b'i ly exel.ilirt'd: 'I say! By Jove! don't ymi know." Those wore his precis., wonli. Neither more nor less. Not much In lh"i:i, U there? But h jm; !i nv, like MiTi'.hlo'H Avoand, they s-ervod. lie took too In his arm.. It was like leaving out nil the proof In one of Fuclid's "props." and Jump, lug straight from the hypothesis to the (. 11. P. But the Q. F. P. Avas reached? True. Yet see In what a position it placed in e. It destroyed forever my prospects as a practical reformer in the field of matrimonial selection. I could not propose to Charles, being nlrendy en gaged to Mm; nor could I (for the same reason) decently propose to any one else. And, on thinking the matter over, I have come to tho conclusion that, In tho present backward condition of hu man affair, my scheme of reforma tion Is, after nil, premature. So long as n man can propose Intel ligibly by merely exclaiming: "I say! By Jove! don't you know," whereas a woman may make remarks ten thou sand times more suggestive, and yet fail to suggest anything; so long, I say, as this irrational state of things obtains, tho female proposer Is simply handicapped out of it. It is Iniquitous. But it is the fact. I therefore advise my kisters, like wise women, to accept the fact and the male proposer. Truth. BIG BORE RIFLES AND SMALL" Tim Small W "So Doubt Totter For AU- KainiJ 1'urpnneR. The old dispute between big bores and small bores is mee.nlngless now, because the most killing guns are the high velocity nitro guns, Avhich are all small bore compared with the black powder guns. The best all-round rifle is now the thirty-calibre nitro, not be cause it will do all that is claimed for it, but because it makes so much flat ter a line to everything within reason able distance than any black powder gun can do. The ball goes too much to pieces on some shots, and all that I have tried throw ten per cent, of balls wild, live slightly wild and five badly so. But the swiftness of the ball overbalances the other defects. An all-round rifle is almost impossible, and some sacrifice must bo made. Sacrifice for flat trajectory is not al ways a sacrifice of accuracy, but often one in favor of it. Between seventy- five and two hundred yards, the place where most shots on open ground fall, no black poAvder gun small enough to be carried with comfort can make up in accuracy what it loses in cuiwe of trajectory as compared with the thirty-calibre nitro rifle. T refer to the high velocity shell and not the smoke less cartridges of the same strcngfh as black powder. The soft-nosed bullet driven with the high poAver nitro is the most killing form in which a ball of equal diameter can be made for all round work. Those c-f copper or steel do not make a large enough hole for most shots on the softer parts of the body. From Handling the Bitle on Came, from Outing. The llenrtclie nbui j; Caual LocV. A novel and unusually powerful elevator for lifting canal boats and barges from one level to another is situated at Henrlehenburg, on the IJS'tmund-Ems Canal, in Germany. It c- i o or r in? n. on in in r or - ,ing or a n( fact , burden a distance of about lie w feot ln slightly over tAvo The elevator 'itself, that is trough In Avhicii the boat floats, oout 220 feet long and twenty-eight .that is a feet Avide. It is raised by a 150-horse-power electric motor, which rotates four vertical threaded shafts, one at each corner of the lift, and on each of which is a threaded traveling block supporting the trough. As these shafts are turned around by the motor tho four blocks are drawn up along the threads, and carry the elevator along with them. Five floats in i tank be neath the lock on which the elevator rests balance the weight of tho trough and the water it contains, amounting In all to some 0000 or 7000 tons, so that the energy expended in raising and lowering Is little more than that re quired to overcome the friction. The lock-gates are operated by electric mo tors. The electric generating plant is situated alongside the lock on the canal bank. iKnfir AVhere tlie Whip Cam From. Signor Marconi, of "wireless" fame, Is fond of dogs, and used to own a cocker spaniel of unusual intelligence. Tho young inventor says that one day he took this dog to a saddler's with him and bought there a whip. That afternoon the animal Avas disobedient, and he punished It with the whip he had just purchased. But in the even ing, when he came to look for the weapon again, it was nowhere to be found. Just then there came a ring at the bell. It Avas the saddler, the whip in hand. "Your dog, sir," he said, "brought this to the shop in his mouth this afternoon and laid it on the floor and ran oX quickly." New York Trib une. The trouble with idle rumors Is that they are never idle. 15 ." an onciiAiit) ruor. Growers of peaehrs are using coav peas lu the orchard. The vines hado the land and may bo turned under when the pods are nenrly ripe, or may remain as a mulch In winter. It is more profitable to use the vines for food for cattle, but at the same time, If a mulch is required, It Is well to grow the mulch, especially when a le guminous plant answers ho avoII. One advantage in growing the cow pea 1? that it Is almost a sure crop, ami lime or Avood ashes may be used as a fer tilizer with It. The peach orchard Avill In no manner be Injured by.gnnvlng the cow pea as long as the land is given tho benefit of the crop from the manure or by plowing under. WHAT MANURING WILL Pf). I have found out what manuring avIH do for land. Some manure was placed on land which had not been so treated previously for fifteen years and which had been steadily cropped with berries. In 1001 corn that had lit en planted on It grow three feet high but did not eai I then drew on twenty-live loads of manure from a livery stable and plant ed to raspberries and corn between the rows. From the eighteen rows of corn eighteen rods long, I busked sixty-live bushel baskets, which though light la weight made thirty-five bushels of sev-enty-tAVo pounds. The raspberries are a good stand with canes four feet high. The land is very light, there being a forty-foot depth of sand. A. Seydell, In Amerlcalu Agriculturist. ' THE ORCHARD.' To have clean, smooth-barked trees Whitewash them. A good place to put tho ashes from tho wood stove is around the apple trees. Small grains, timothy or blue grass should never be grown In the orchard. If trees from the nursery get' frozen In transit thaw them out slowly In a cold place. If you did not cut out the borer3 from peach, quince or apple in the 6ummer or fall, do it now. . . Believe me, a light coat of horse ma nure now on the orchard will put tho trees in better heart; then in April or May COO pounds of some good potato manure will be just tho thing. Have you drawn away the brush trimmed from the apple tiws last win ter? If not, do it now before other work presses. Whether you pIoaa1 or moAV the orchard, brush -is a elecldcd nuisance if left under the trees. A peach tree in rich ground should have its branches shortened in June; in poor ground, where there is a less vig orous growth, pruning should be done now. Take off half of last year's growth. This is the rule for peaches, and. same will apply to plums. Farm Journal. A HANPY IMPLEMENT. The cultivation of long rows of plants is an operation requiring- time and skill, and if care is not exerciseel the plants, as well as the weeds, may be uprooted and destroyed. While the gardener has used the hoe for' this work for years past, and in addition - thereto employed the cultivator' to gooel advantage, there is a promising field for the weeding and cultivating Imple ment presented in the accompanying picture. Its lightness permits it to be easily manipulated by band, covering the ground much more rapidly than could be done with an ordinary hoe, while the aeljusting mechanism per mits the implement to be readily ac commodated to the size of the plants in tho row. The invention is especially designed for weeding, blocking'out and cultivating beets," onions," cotton, etc., and by loosening the bolts which clamp WEEDING nOE WITH ADJUSTABLE BLADE! the blades in place, the latter can bo adjusted in relation to height and dis tance apart, thus bringing the cutting disks as close together on either side cf the row as U desirable. Fhiladel tibia Record, . - " . i-; . '.. -.v - -VV.V' ((". F