Newspaper Page Text
V 'SOUTHERN : fARHJ -' 076 TOPICS CF I'J TERES T TO Till PLASTER, STOCKMAN AND TRUCK ?:i'7. Jrilni; lnK4, IYi-lll..r l or ( urn, ' !. II. .U Front K'i,;il, Vn., writes:' J':lv'' libotli 0!H- Hole 111 iwVlli.V ,';" rr:u. arilchokcs, seventy-eight per j. ,-ent. i. Mi.," ;iml ;vi) jut cent, chufiis which ;ir,. trowing nicely. I wane to I'Dt :i t ;. around It utnl hog it off. I JUii ,-!!m) trying u small piece of Wgh I'n. iviu content Boone Comity white corn. Also n fertilizer ex peri - "!IV."! riv''1' l"1"'"'! one mre. "a !,-!.;: Is nitrate of soda, loo ivw ... . s mo muriate of potash and ItHi uN s- ('- '''"'k- One acre villi .'tit li'i pounds of muriate of potash .none, it smaller piece of S. C. foci; alone. Tliis is on black waxy ami handy rlv r l.ottoin. If 1 can arrange my finances I will j try to bu-ld a silo. What would you j think of dropping three to four peas in j the Li!! after the corn is eight or ten j I'H'fits high for the silo and use cow- f PnJ nJ corn hay? Is thr.v any danger of Prussic acid . poison in Kalir corn, hay or silage here? 1 am vi vy glad to learn of your ex periments with artichokes, peanuts and chnfus for hogs and trust these 1 may prove highly satisfactory. I shall t look forward to learning of your rc . suits with huicIi interest. .In my opinion you are using entirely ,A muc-h muriate of potasli on your n. It would be. better to Increase " South Carolina rock and decrease the muriate of potash. It is only in ( -exceptional cases that it is an advan ? tagc to use more than fifty pounds of muriate of potash, whereas one can of ten use i:0 to I'OO pounds of South Carolina rock with prolit. If you can build a good silo yon will find it to your ml vantage to do so. There Is no doubt about its furnishing a very cheap sind satisfactory foodstuff for the win ter feeding of cattle. By all means tlfoiv-sevcrnl peas in each hill of corn. It will improve both the quality of si lage and fodder obtained from corn. Kalir corn makes a very good silage, ltut does not yield so well as either sorghum or corn. Probably sorghum anil cowpeas combined will make a "'1. better fodder or a better hay than " iiafir .orn and cowpeas. There is very 'Ue if any danger from Prussic acid Jsoniug from Kalir corn in the East ,j I ," plates. The trouble Is largely con . ' ""jd to the semi-arid country west of ': J-. Mississippi River. Prussic acid forms chiefly during dry weather, and as we have a humid climate and rarely snffer from protracted droughts it is not likely to develop in our sorghum or Kafir corn. Professor Soule, iu the Knoxyllo Journal and Tribune. Some Fanning Jfotcn. Thg. wviter sowed one and a half bushels of Virginia turf oats on about one acre of land the 11th day of Sep tember, 1902. The land is a very tight red laud. Turned under pea vines and in a few weeks after sowed the oats, and had the land well cut with disk orvmtaway harrow. The oats were renu t kably green all winter and much Interripening in spring or early s.uin- mcV; other oats were cut long before these. Cut and shocked 107 bundles to the acre. Did not put any guano or other ma nure on the land in over a year before. "The land had been manured in other ypars . I do not think the land is ex . tra riff. "Vnid the dry May, as in other places. My Bockyford canteloupes were well manured and land thoroughly plowed. Then in a deep furrow sowed high-grade guano and bedded on it, running a deep furrow twice in top of ridge, strewing seed so as to thin out. Hows were four feet wide; plowed (l. once, sowing pease in middle of the ""V-iy, No trouble in selling melons of -v. i ii 'd- v 'j-. our farmers get to the inten irming there will be less eont . iit about dry weather, covering and . .vn put on rough manure on top of jcovered corn. Did not replant or thin. 'Tbe corn is quite a success. Now ,is time to plant onion sets or sow 8ed for early market. Why not prow nhiips move extensively? Cows and sheep are fond of them. We are eating good beef and mutton at a great -cost. To not forget to sow a good rich lot fit V5 Sor snring food. One of the mis- trj J the farmer is want of think ing ime to prepare. iWfl' hn Avork and never let the work psh you. Undertake only what yon can do in the proper time. Work tlone too late Is a poor business Do yon want only 1300 bushels of corn? Resin now for that next year's crop by plowjg and getting up food for the law1 A as to make it on ten acres of lar" i hot your neighbors see how you i tavArul talk with them and get their Ideas, but go only by your own Judg ment.!:. II. Moore, In the Progressive Farmer. loililer rulllngr. "When labor was cheap and methods e.f utilizing waste products were tr..- j f-ay yon v. known, tttre was a r?a?on in puiiis j prasa all v d : b.n.d n. . ! A fodder. ,vov there is al'Milutely noil". 'I'll' only thing to I.? raid in lis i.-ivor is the e.cel!"ui-e ol w ell cured fodder as stock f d. I-'odder -nliing is hard work ii ml hoi wo:- . I; must be crowd ed into a short period of time, for fod der deteriorates every day after reach lug its maturity. It must be taken up promptly, for even a heavy dew on wilted fodder will injure it. and the wind labor expended will be lost if a shower wets it. It Is tlr iseforlh ruined and worthless. Pulling fodder espe cially cuts off the yield of corn In weight. It checks the growth of th'j plant by removing its lungs, and expos, ing the atalk before the ear has ripened. Who would think of pulling the leaves off his strawberries when the fruit is just turning? The sain fanner who puils his fodder complains bitterly when the caterpillars eat the leaves off his cotton, ltut the caterpil lar is doing for his cotton just what he has done for his emi. What then, shall the farmer lose his fodder? P.y no means. The shredder has solved that problem for the South ern farmer. At the North where corn Is planted closely and the stalks are small, they cut stalk and all and shock it in the Held, to be hauled In 'ater in the sea son. After the ears are removed the remainder, called stover, in:u;es an excellent food for cattle. Southern corn grows too large for that, but the shredder tears it to pieces so that stalk, fodder at.! rhucks are turned out ready for the stock to be gin chewing on at once. Every farmer win plants fifty acres in corn will find it economy to have a shredder. Small farmers can either combine to own one or hire their shredding done. It will cost less than to pull the fodder and lose the stalks. Southern Farmer. Some Vointerg About Clmrnlng. N. It. M.. of Snowville, Va., writes: "Will you please, through the columns of your good paper, tell something to help me in my churning? I have to churn so long. I know if anything can be told to help us there will be many grateful persons besides myself." And the Dairy Editor of the Farm and Home replied: It is a great pleasure to answer the pathetic appeal cf this lady, and a sure cure is warranted, provided the advice is strictly followed. First, get you a thermometer; trust nothing to your fingers or elbow about: tempera ture. Get you a thermometer that you can stick into the cream. Now do not let any part of the -cream be over three days old in cold weather, or two days old in hot weather. Keep it as cool as you can until eight to twelve hours before churning, then if it Is sweet put it In an atmosphere of seventy-five de grees for eight hours. Now you are ready to churn. Set the cream in cold water until it comes to the tempera ture of sixty -tvw degrees, no more and no less, on your life. This is going to be hard and provok ing work the first time you try it, but you will soon learn, and you will find that when you have consented to follow these instructions to the letter the butter will come between twenty and thirty minutes to a cer tainty. Not long ag; I told this to an intelligent lady, and she said she tried it. and it did not work. I went to her home and did just as described above, and I took the dasher and pounded away for twenty minutes, when I stopped and asked her if Ihe butter had come. She threw back her pretty head and laughed. "Why." she says, "it will not come for an hour." I took off the churn cover, and there was the batter. The best of it is that she did it herself next time. Tfo Feathers Xo 5101111111,7. Secretary Wilson is trying to produce a l'eatherless race of chickens for the warmer parts of the United States. It has been discovered that the time of moulting can be reduced from 100 days io less than' one month, and, in time, done away with entirely, because hens will have no feathers to moult. Early in August stop feeding the chickens and allow them only enough food to sustain life fac-two weeks. Then stuff them with all kinds of food. The chickens will eat so much and so rap idly that inside of a week the feathers will be forced out of the body, which will be left naked. By the end of one month they will be covered with new down and beIn laying again. lltinody Vor Nut Grnfta. About the only sure remedy for nut grass is shading it to death by the following treatment: Sow the ground to peas or velvet beans; cut these in fall and sow to oats; next spring cut oats for hay and sow peas or beans again, and follow these with oats in the fall. Keep up this rotation three to five years until yon see the grass Is ..lead. T! your time. &he Funny JTide ojf ILifQo 'l !t!l HANOI KT. 'J le in ,.. h ; , ,., ;,.,.,. n i i .Ui mil oil u ni, uj,ity z-;;!. H- i'in Lis tiil. x 1 I ioot I lie lull w: !:.! nice I i 1 1 y - i i i 1 ; . - t:t';i!. -U'iii,i:iton Slar. AT CLOSE- KANCE. Mrs. I'pperlon "I had all the con reli taken out of me yesterday." Mrs. Nextdooi "Indeed: And whero did they find room to put all of lt?" Chlcago News. DEFINED. "What Is your idea of a popular tune?" "A popular tune," said the man who takes music seriously, "is one that gets to be universally disliked." Washing ton Star. DEALElt WAS WISE. Drown "Why do you want me to pay in advance? Are you afraid I won't bring the horse back?" Liveryman "No, no; not at all. Put you see the horse might come back without you." Atlanta Journal. CRUEL. Ills Wlfe-"Charles, I do think you sught to give me more of your time." Her Husband "(live you morel Why, you take so much of my time that I couldn't be a second in a duel." Harper's Bazar. HE KNOWS BETTER. Si "Do you know what I'm going to whip you for?" "I s'poso I might make a gues-s, hut I ain't goin' to do It. 'cause I might guess something you didn't know about. I ain't t.ikln' no foolish risks like that, not if I know myself." New York Journal. INSEPARABLE. Affrighted, he turned on his pursuer. "You black thin;, why do you follow me constantly? What are you?" "I am your sunshine companion," mockingly replied his shadow. Chb cago Tribune. A QUESTION. "Here's something that has been puzzling me." remarked the man who thinks too deeply. "What's that?" "If all Mesh Is grass are cannibals really vegetarlars?" - Philadelphia Press. NOT LESS DEVOTED. "You used to sing 'Every morn I send you violets,' before we were married," said Mrs. Brlmkin, with a sigh. "Yes," answered Mr. Brlmkin, "bu1 my devotion has taken a more practical form. Every month I pay the meat bill." Washington Star. AN ACHIEVEMENT. "I don't see why you should bo so proud of winning that case," said the intimate friend. "You were plainly in the -wrong." "You . don't understand these things at nil," answered the lawyer. "That's the very thing that makes me so proud." Washington Star. NO SUCH MAN. Manager "Strange, there haven't been any answers to my advertisement for a clerk." Proprietor "No wonder. Y'ou made a mess of that 'ad.' The Ilea of adver tising for a man of 'average Intelli gence!' Everybody who Isn't hopelessly lelow it feels he's far above It." Phlladelphla Public Ledger. TASSED IN THE RACE. "Alas!" said the unhappy woman, "and we were once considered wealthy 1" ! "But, my dear," said b-r husband soothingly, "we have as fn:ch money as ever." ' "Oh, yes, I know. ? ;:? re are so' r : r v.-ho have a lot , Uat nobody : : s any attention to i.o-..ny longer!" -Brooklyn Life. 1 m if iV . ., . . j . . 'U ,v A V: -'';'v :,4'V' youRci.s 9 1' TEN D EE-II E A RTE1) S A M M Y. Si xz so tender QiwTh lilflc 5mmy When I fhinU hov ct Ccok b21s Thg CfJs- If really makes me cry! Pittsburg Dispatch. AN AMUSING TOY. The toy shown in the accompanying picture ought to be hailed with delight & MoLher Goose Puzzle. fcS&y? IPSAr Even the pig, to say nothing of the two little rabbits, would be more fit pets for these children. Find the anhuals named. by children, since an animal plays the most Important role in it; indeed, with out the animal it would bo an uninter esting and lifeless affair. The toy is egg-shaped, and In the up per part is an animal, which can be covered if desired. The anmal Is held In position by a spring, and another spring comes into play when tho cover is to be removed. It is evident, there fore, that the toy in its normal condi tion looks like an ordinary egg, and that the child who receives it as a gift docs not realize what a treasure it has obtained until the cover slowly disap pears and the suning little aniiauJ shows itself. New York World. FISH TIIAt ARE WELL ARMED. Two of tho fish at the Aquarium wear armor aud carry concealed weapons. As the police ' :.ra vlit the Aqua rium and no cuy. ' ; h:vve been li'e-a, the fish have nu, trr'. r-.l in tho possession cf the: Tl? ' '.. -, ' .-- i ti 'riU V-'-.-viv m msS fl are the orange !ih:ish, which are coat ed with n skl'i that l'ese;nl!"s sand paper l:i the hitler's most striking characteristic, and In a hollow on the top of the back they curry slurp three cornered tiles. Wh"ii a grudge is to be .settled the fileilsh literally gets his back up and viciously tickles the ob ject of his hatred In the ribs. The two specimens at the Aquarium were secured a short time ago in Cravosctid Bay. The fishermen in the neighborhood of the bay have other names for them. "Old sow," "old maid" and "foolilsh" are some of tin designations which they apply to them when they sit over the lire and spin yarns. The shape of the head and mouth is responsible for these names. The mouth opens upward, the lower jaw protruding beyond the upper. Crustaceans are the diet of this fish, and the shape of the mouth and the sharp teeth within are for catching and de roying ihls kind of food. Ono would say. judging from their appear ance, thai their diet was not well suited to their needs, for they have a starved look. The other day a party of sightseers observed this look. "Here's a fish trying the starvation cure." remarked one. turning to his companions. "There's somethng the matter with him. Don't you see how thin he is?" New York Tribune. THE HOUSE IS THE GARDEN. Johnny never would have known anything about it if he had not been digging dandelions out of the lawn, when with his weeding fork he opened such a queer little house. At first it seemed to be nothing but a long passage. Johnny pulled out his knife and cut open the roof. Tho floor was smooth and clean, although it was made of earth and the ceiling was prettily arched. "Where does it all go to, anyway?" said Johnny, quite excited. He dug on and on, but there seemed to be no end. Here and there were other little passages opening into the long one. Last of all he came to a little room with an arched roof. Maybe that was where the little miner lived. "I wish I knew what sort of a fel low made it." said Johnny musingly. ' While he was wondering tho ground began to move and rise. You see the master of the house was not a bt dis couraged. When he found his home In ruins he began at once io dig out another. "Now, if I can only catch him," whis pered Johnny to himself. He put in his knife carefully, not to hurt the busy little miner, and tumbled him out into the sunshine. What a funny fellow he was. lie was dressed from head to foot in the j softlest, silkiest fur you ever saw; and i h's rosy-colored hands were not a bit like the grimy lists of the coal miners that Johnny saw once. He was almost blind. Iudeod, Johnny thought he had no eyes at all, but he was strong and ! sturdy for all that. Johnny carried hlin home for a pet. Mr. Mole, however, did not enjoy life above ground, so he was taken back to I the garden, where he could enjoy his j digging and delving. Washington . i-udi lj ir.; can hop? to b hippilj .-ried unless he is a i,ood UsUTer.