We were honored with a dele
gation 'Saturday of about ten
members of the Republican
County Committee, who asked us
if we could not in the future is
sues of the Independent favor
the election of W. K. Abernathy
for the senate. It is well known
that the Independent never es
spouscs the cause of any local
office seeker. Everyone knows
wheiethe Editor stands on all
the political issues of the day,
but the Independent is a news
paper and not a political organ.
Its readers do not take it for , its
political proclivities. We permit
the use of our columns, to be
used by any office seeker in giv
ing their views, .but strictly as a
.business proposition.' Mr. Pat
terson is the democratic nominee
and for Rye. Mr. Abernathy is
the nominee of the Independents
and is understood to be endorsed
by the republicans, and is for
Bryan and His Dictation
Is the defeat of Gov. Hooper
more , important than interna
tional diplomatic questions which
arise almost every hour, which
involve issues of peace or war
between this government and
the fighting world? If such is
the case, Pres. Wilson is justifi
ble in sending his Secretary of
the Navy and his Secretary of
State to Tennessee to try fco crush
the little,.1401b. republican, just
because he at heart i3 supposed
to be a republican, but is asking
the people to re-elect him to
fight to the finish the illegal sale
of wh'sky and the enforcement
of the lays of the state.
The great author of the "Prince
of Peace" comes with a two
edged sword and tries to plunge
it to the hilt in every ian who
dares vote for Hooper. If Bryan
says the election of . Hooper
means a rebuke to Wilson and
his administration, then truly it
may be said he and his adminis
tration must stand on a crum
bling grain of sand. We did not
know that any governor was the
cornerstone of any admistration.
When it comes to pass that one
man, though it be a Bryan
three times repudiated by the
people must dictate to Tennes
seans how they are, to vote on
local or any other issue, it will be
when they forget to read, and
have not sense enough to think.
That day.is a long way off.
DcFord Makes Speech
J. E. DeFord, Republican candidate
for congress, addressed the citizens
of Selmer at the courthouse last
Thursday night. " Quite a crowd of
the citizens composing the voting
element of the town were present.
White Mr. DeFord does not assume
the role of a finished orator, he can
make a speech which carries with it
the earmarks of -real common sense
and earnestness which attract his
hearers. We heard much favorable
expression from his hearers. His
support here will not be restricted to
party .vote by any means. People
are beginning to think that our rep
resentative should be nearer the peo
ple thanks the present incumbent.
Sunday afternoon at 1 o'clock the
beautiful custom by the Woodmen of
unveiling the- monument erected by
them at the grave of a deceased mem
ber, occurred at the cemetery over
the grave of the late John McAipin.
The Ramer camp together with the
Selmer camp and other members
were in the march and nt the grave.
The ritualistic services were held in
due form. Miss Lavera Thompson
recited the ritulistic poem. iYof.
Horry Hodges delivered the address.
It was conceded by all that.it was
the must masterly fcand appropriate
'address ever delivered by the Fro
fessor, or anyone else on a similar oc
casion in the cenfetsry. While brief,
it contained much thought of not
only historical, fraternal and religious
sentiment, but was classical and force
fully delivered. .
All parties are hereby forbidden to
trespass by hunting or fishing on my
premises, under penalty of law.
16 .' P.'H. Thrasher.
The Great County Fair
The Fourth annual meet of the Mc
Nairv County Fair opened Tuesday
morning under favorable weather in
dications the success of any fair de
pends on the weather. A visit to-the
live stock pens Tuesday morning
found the horse department at least
well filled.' We were able to get the
following list of "flaets" which will
show themselves in the several rings
where speed counts:
Mrs. Grives, of Oblong, III., has
"Hoosier Boy," 2:19J, pacer; "Silent
Girl", 2:22, trotter.
A. C. Wallace, Owensb"ro, Ky., has
"Florence W", pacer, 2:191.
J. B. Clarke, Golcond;., III'.', "Billy
Buck". 2:131, trotter.
A. D. Goodwin Sons, Lebanon,,
Ind., have "Wend" 2:201, Brown'
mare "Hesitate", 229, full sister
of "Wond". .
J. W. Gray & Bro , of Selmer,
"Cassity Belt", 2:16$, and 3 saddle
Lee Ilendiix. of Bethel Springs,
combination mare and some young
- G. A. Fairis & Sons, of Savannah,
3 saddle mares, saddle horse and sad
dle mare and colt.
J. E. Harrison, of Corinth, had
"Castlebell", 2:1G, . pacer; )'Gray
Bell", green trotter.
J. D. Johnston, Jackson, had the
following string of five, headed by
"Ondean", four year old stallion, com
bination saddle and driving; "Saffo"
combination 4 year old mare; "Holly
wood", four year old harness horse;
"Baby Doll", a 2:30 pacer; "Like
ness", roan gelding 2:20 trotter.
J. D. Johnston has never missed a
McNairy County fair, dating back to
the old and popular fairs at Purdy.
Hh presence and string of fine horses
have contributed more to the fair
than that of any other one person.
In the cattle 'department several
good animals vera in the pens. A
yoke of black match calves nnder yoke
by Buford Curtis, -was a rather unu
sual thing. Durham bull one year
old, by John McCullar, of Selmer.
J. E. Mitchell had his fine young
Hereford bull. J. W. Robinson, of
Ramer, exhibited his 3 year old Hol
stein bull." -
J. G. Gooch and W. II. Stone, of
Selmer, had their fine Jersey milch
cows anI calves. A nice young Jer
sey heifer we noticed shown by Dick
Naylor's little boy.
W. 0. Armstrong had a fine" jack.
Mansel Brooks had two. . ThesiB were
exceptionally fine animals. '
A number of mares and colts both
mule and horse colts were entered.
The chicken coops contained a
number of breeds, among which C. C.
Graham and sons showed several pens
of fine Plymouth Rocks. .
The Ladies' department showed a
full exhibit of women' handiwork,
and the culinary department was ex
ceedingly fine and full. V .
The agricultural depar tment
showed fine specimens of corn, pump
kins, turnips, watermelons, Irish and
sweet potatoes. These were as fine
and large as we ever saw. .
The attendance at, 10, o'clock,
when our report closed, was very
slim, and much fears were expressed
that the fair would be good but the
attendance light on account of the
financial distress of the people.
The music was furnished by Swain's
Band, and the best ever on the
Grounds. . ' 1
Free for All Trot. Four en
tries, best 3 in 5. ,Billie Buck" won
three heats and the race, time 2:26;
' Silent Girl" 2nd-.
Your Fall Coid Needs Attention
No use to fuss and try to wear it
out. It will wear you out . instead
Take Dr. King's New Discovery, re
lief follows quickly. It checks your
cold and soothes your cough away.
Pleasant, antiseptic and healing. Chil
dren like it. Get a 50c bottle of Dr.
King's New Discovery and keep it in
the house. "Our family Cough and
Cold Doctor," writes Lewis Chamber
ain, Manchester, Ohio. Money back.
if not satisfied, but it nearly always
Will cure Rheumatism, Neu
ralgia, Headaches, Cramps,(Colic
Sprains, Bruises, Cuts, Burns, Old
Sores Tetter, RingWorm, Ec
rema, etc. Antiseptic Anodyne,
used internally or externally. 25c
Farmers of Tennessee Do
Not Take Advantage of
PROPER SURFACE DRAINAGE
With Proper Drainage the Farmer Can
Snap His Fingera at the Occasional
Comparatively Dry Periods Experi
enced In Tennessee p a Year.
TThe State of Tennessee has Just
passed through the dryest 12 months
since rainfall records have been kept.
This would seem to be a good time,
to look at our farming methods and
find whether or not they are calcu
lated to take advantage of the many
variations In rainfall and rainfall dis
tribution to which this section of the
country is subject.
During the first three months of
1913 the rainfall was abundant,
amounting to 21.58 inches. This
amount of( water properly conserved
would have Insured a bumper crop In
1913. This Is more fain than many sec
tions of the West receive In a whole
year and they prow fully as big crops
as we do. After a large portion of
this rain had run off, carrying some of
the best part, of our land with It, the
weather turned dry and by June we
were needing rain. But instead of the
usual amount of rain, we had for the
12 months beginning June 1, 1913, the
dryest year ever experienced In Ten
nessee. The accompanying chart
shows graphically the state of affairs.
The upper line represents the normal
or average rainfall while the lower
line shows the rainfall for the 12
months ending May 31, 1914. Only
... V A . . J J. ..t u' i .A
two months, September and October,
had more than the' average rainfall.
These two months however, put our
soil in fine condition for fall sowing and
we have had a splendid crop of wheat
although it was reduced somewhat
by the dry weather in May. We have
grown other crops too, but they have
not been up to standard and in many
cases have been considered failures.
Now let us see what caused all the
trouble. What is the reason we are
discouraged? Is It really because of
lack of rainfall, or have we failed to
do our part?
Our average rainfall for a year is
4S.85 inches. In the 12 months in
question we fell short of that amount
by 13.30 Inches or a little more than
27 per cent. Just think of that. We
had less than three-fourths of the av
erage rainfal. Is It any wonder our
crops were poor? But let us look a
little further. The actual rainfall for
the 12 dry months was 35.53 inches.
That Is more than the average rain
fall for Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa,
Oklahoma or Texas, and it Is gener
ally understood that they usually grow
very fair crops in those states. It is
more than twice the average rainfall
of some of the great dry farming sec
tions of the northwest. Are we suf
fering then because nature has failed
to do her part? Not a bit Of it We
are in trouble because we have not
used the rainfall we did get, but have
allowed a large portion of it to run
off the surface carrying the finest of
our soil with it. If anyone doubts
this let him look at our rivers which
have been yellow with mud during this
whole dry season.
When we learn to farm in such a
way as to provent the waste of valu
able water by surface drainage, we
can snap our fingers at the occasional
comparatively dry periods experienced
here in Tennessee. J. ' F. Voorhees,
Consulting Meteorologist, University
of Tennessee. - ' -
APPLE CROP OF TENNESSEE.
(C. A. Keffer, University of Tennes-
The United States Department of
Agriculture estimates the apple crop
of Tennessee for 1914 at 6,000,000
bushels. It is safe to say that not
more than 50,000 bushels of this great
crop would, bring top prices In the
great market centers. Very few or
chards in Tennessee receive system
atic care tillage, fertilizing, pruning
and spraying. Without regular care
there can be no substantial profits in
apple growing. The few commercial
orchards that receive intelligent .at
tention are making money for their
owners. If Tennessee apple growers
would give their apple trees the care
that the orchards of Oregon and Wash
ington get as a matter of course, this
state would have a nation-wide repu
tation for producing high flavored and
high colored fruit.
COST OF PRODUCING PORK ON
THE FARM CAN BE REDUCED
Pastures Furnish "the Only Profitable Basis For Handling
of Hogs the Year Around Com Only Should v
.Never Be' Used For Feeding
(By R. M. Murphy, University of Tennessee.)
! The cost of producing pork on the
farm can be reduced from one-third to
one-half by making a larger use of the
great variety of crops that can be
grown and which the hogs relish. Corn
,1s the most important and most gen
erally used hog feed, and will likely
-continue to hold its position in all
Ipractical rations. But corn alone is
not rich enough in protein and mineral
matter to supply the proper proportion
of nutrients for muscle and bone build
lag. Its excessive use tends to dimin
ish the strength of bone, retardB the
growth of frame, and Induces exces
sive fat. These effects may be obvl;
ated by supplementing the eorn with
any of the commonly grown nitro
genous feeds, of which we have such
a great variety. In this connection
pastures should be used as much as
possible, as they furnish the cheapest
source of protein and mineral matter,
and also give bulklness to the ration.
.Maintaining the Breeding Herd.
Pastures furnish the only profitable
.basis for handling hogs the year round.
'.The sows and herd boar can bo kept
in fine condition on a good laguminous
pasture with the addition et a cor
ration equal to 1 per cent cf al tVve
weight. Without pasture 3 per cent
to 4 per cent cf their weigh in dry
feed will be required, and of this ra-.
tlon not mora than, one-half should
ever be corn.
Corn may be supplemented satisfac
torily, so far as the animal's needs are
concerned, by nitrogenous concen
trates, such as shorts, bran, aoy beans,
cowpeas, tankage, cotton seed meal,
'and skim-mllk. But these feeds are
now so high in price that It is rarely
possible to get market price for corn
If concentrates must be used, corn
should never be fed alone. Skim-milk
is a very valuable supplement to corn,
and when available should he fed in
the'proportion of one part of corn to
ithree parts of skim-mllk. Other con
centrates should be fed in the propor
tion of about one part shorts or bran
to three parts of corn; one part of
tankage to nine parts of corn, and one
part of cotton seed meal to six parts
'of corn. If cotton seed meal is fed, it
must be fed in connection with cop
peras water. (The method is explain
ed later In this paper.) Cowpeas and
'soy beans are now so high in price
lor seed that they can not be widely
used as fed, but as they get to b.
more commonly grown they should
come into general use as supplements
to corn. They should be finely ground
and fed In the proportion of about one
part of cowpea or soy bean meal to six
parts of corn.
The sow should receive nothing but
water for twenty-four hours after far
rowing. Then she should have skim
mllk or slop of skim-milk and shorts.
If no skim-mllk Is available, she may
be fed a slqp containing four parts of
eornmeal with one part of shorts, cow
pea or soy bean meal. She should be
gradually brought up to full fsed so
that at the end of one. month she will
bo getting dally an amount equal to
4 per cent of her live weight. If she
KEEP VIGOROUS BROOD SOW.
As a rule the old brood sow should
be kept as long as she remains vig
orous; she knows better how to raise
her suckling pigs than the younger
Read The Independent for the
NEWS of the county.
has a pasture of blue-grass or Bermuda
grass, her grain ration may be reduced
one-fourth, and it should be partly com
posed of either shorts, tankage, cow
peas, soy beans, or cotton seed meal.;
If a leguminous crop is available, like
alfalfa, clover, cowpeas, soy beans, or
peanuts, her grain ration may be re
duced one-half and corn alone may be
The little pigs will need very little
feed In addition to what they obtain
from their mother, but they will begin
eating by the time they are three
weeks old, and then from the stand
point of economy they should have a
good pasture so they may begin mak
ing their own living. Nothing.is supe
rior to affalfa or clover at this time.-
U is better to allow the pigs to wean
themselves, but where two litters a
year are desired this can not always
be done. They should not be taken
away from their mother under eight
weeks, and not until they have become
accustomed to eating some sort of con
centrated feed. If skim-milk is avail
able, they will wean themselves very
readily; but if not, they should be sup
plied with a thin slop of shorts up to
the time they are ten weeks old,' a.:id
then the ration may be equal parts of
corn and shorts on legume pasture, or
shorts alone on grass or winter grain
pasture. If shorts is not available,
tankage, soy boans, or cowpea meal
may be used in smail quantities to im
plement the corn, but must be fed
When wheat is worth no more per
bushel than corn, it may be substitut
ed for corn in the ration. Better re
sults wljl ba obtained by. feeding
equal narts of corn and wheat. Barlev
and oats may be used to supplement
corn when they cost no more pjfr
pouna. mey are not so palatable as
corn, and give best results when mix
ed with it. Wheat should be coarsely
ground or soaked twelve hours before
feeding; barley and oats should be
finely ground, com need not be ground
unless very hard, but all of the grains
may be soaked to advantage, provided
they are not allowed to sour. Alt- of
these grains should be supplemented
with shorts, tankage, skim-milk, .cow
peas or soy beans, if the hogs are not
on a leguminous pasture. ,
Every farm in the state should have
a permanent pasture. In East and
Middle Tennessee, the following mix
tures will give general satisfaction:
Tall meadow oat grass, rep top, blue
grass, orchard grass, and white clover.
These grasses will not succeed equally
well 'throughout the section, and in
some places certain ones of them will
grow to the exclusion of the others. In
West Tennessee a mixture of Bermuda
grass, bur clover, and Japan clover
will make an' excellent pasture, or the
Japan clover pasture may be seeded
down to rye each year in September
and thus be. made to furnish pasture
throughout the winter. In addition to
the permanent pasture there can., be
grown a succession of other plants,
which" will furnish pasture' the year
round. The following table gives a list
of plantstand the dates they are available:
Barley and crimson clover.
Rye and crimson clover...
Oats and vetch...:.......
Wheat and vetch . ,
Canada peas and oats ....
Bermuda grass ..........
Bur clover . ,
-Japan clover ...
White clover ..
Corn and soy beans ...... ,T . .'.
Date of Seeding.
Aug. 15 -Sept. 15
Aug. 15 Sept. 15
Sept. 1 Oct. 1
Oct. 1 Nov. 1
July 15 Aug. 20
May 20 June 20
May 1 June 30
Feb. 15 Mar. 1
Aug. 15 Sept. , 7
Mar. 15 May ' 15
Apr. 20 May 20
Sept. 1 Oct. 1
Aug. 15 Sept. 15
Mar. 15 May 1
Sept. tl Oct. 1
(Mar. 115 I
'Sept. 120 ' f
Apr 10 June 10
Period of Grazing
Nov. 15 May 1
Nov. 15 May 15
Nov. 10 May 1
Nov. 15 May 15
Nov. 15 May 15
Aug. 1 Oct. 10
nily 10 Oct, .10
Apr. 15 June 15
May 1 Oct. 10
June 1 Aug. 15
Sept. 15 Dec. . 1
Dec. 1 Mar. 1
Apr. 1 June 15
July 1 Oct,. 10
Dec. 15 June 1
Oct. i July ,1
Aug. 10 Oct. 10
Conditions should determine which
of the above crops to use for best re
sultsWhen their respective grazing
periods 'are identical. For instance,
barley, wheat, oats and rye may be
sown Interchangeably on land of me-
1 diura fertility. The, cost aad availa
bility of seed should largely determine
which to use. On roor land, however,
rye should have the preference, and
on rich land barley will give much the
With respect to cowpeas and soy
beans, soy beans should always have
the preference, because they have a
much wider range of dates, of seeding,
and of period of grazing. They are
richer in protein, more palatable, and
stand up better on the ground; hence
are easier cultivated, require much
less seed per acre, and yield heavier.
At least three different varieties of
soy beans should be used. The I to
San is the earliest maturing, and when
planted May 1st, will be ready for
grazing July 10th The Haberlandt
planted May 1st, will be ready forj
grazing July 20th. On poor land the
Acme variety will do better for thisi
second planting than the Haberlandt. j
! The Mammoth Yellow will be ready
: tor gracing by Aug. 10th. This gives
m succession of pastures ranging from
July 10 until frost, by varying the i
anBisW "if immtot liAirtm
I' The perfect symmetry, truly artistic grace and faultless set
of GISII'S "HIGH ART" GARMENTS are a source of solid satis
faction to the critic of good apparel.
. The artist-tailor who creates and guides into being the un
matched "High Art" models, stands by himself among the design
ers of the country. . . ' . .'
Neither Bond Street nor Fifth Avenue knowB cleaner, crisper
or more expressive Fashion than the lap-ahead-of-the-field style
clothes that bear the name of "High Art".
I In every detail that makes clothes "live" and smart, GISH'S
"HIGH ART" CLOTHING will delight men and youn men' who
appreciate big value for moderate price.
The Fall and Winter "High Art" Models are now r.-ady for
your examination. .
Priced at $12.45 to $30.00
the Suit. We believe, there is more real value in- the $20.00 and
$25.00 Hne3 than in any other cf the lots.
In the Bargain Basement
Splendid $12.50 Suits may be had at J.
Splendid $10.00 Suits may be had at.
Men's 50c Fleeced Underwear at
.......... 37 1 o the Garment
GHAS. H. GISII
" " 'V '
end Tornado In
None but reliable compnnies represented. All classes or
Insurable property written, at the lowest mtes obtainable. ,
Special low rates on resiliences, and also have very desira
ble contract on farm property. All inquiries will receive
1 ALBERT GILLESPIE, Agent Selmer. Tsnn
...tiimtitmh. ' u
...mi ill lit!.,,.'.- -.-r
dates cf seeding. The Tokyo variety ;
may be used in placo of the Mammoth j
Yellow with excellent results. The '
Mammoth Yellow is the most satisfac-'
tory in the mixture of corn and soy ;
beans, as they mature well together.
The combination of corn and soy
beans is held in high favor in sec
tions Where it has been tried. -
Finishing For Market
Hogs that have been grown prin
cipally on grazing crops should be fed
twenty-five or thirty days before they
are sent to market. When they come
off the pasture they are in good con
dition to make cheap gains for a short
time and their frames are, not as well
covered with fat a3 the butcher likes
to see. Until recently It . has
not been advisable to feed cot.
ton seed meal for periods of
longer than twenty-five days, but re
cent investigations have developed a
method by which it can be fed without
any harmful effects. The method con
sists of feeding ia connection with the
cotton seed meal, a solution of Cop
peras, (Iron Sulphate) water, which ia
made and used as follows:
Add two pounds of Copperas (Iron
Sulphate) to fifty gallons of wator.
Use One-half gallon of this solution
to each pound of cotton seed meal.
Ex-Senator Webb at Courttiouss Friday, Oct, 30
Look Like New
T's an easy end inexpensive matter.
Simply apply a' coat of Pee Gee
RE-NU-LAC and you'll be delighted with
its fine rcsulto and your own work.
Fee Gee RE-NU-LAC makes old furniture,
worn floors and woodwork look like new
again. - Try it , t
Pee Gee RE-NU-LAC is a Statu end Varnish -combined.
Ccmes in 11 Natural Wood colors, !
White, Cold and Silver j2aasK'el All sizes.
PE ASLEE-G AULGERT CO., Incorporated
JVIanufacturcra t s : t LoukvU'.e, Ky,
Browder Bros., Selmer, Tenn.
: .jpwur. 6auimtH!i "
We are now prepared to furnish you with the New Adopted
I Both for the Primary and High School. "Books are sold on a small
j marcin of profit, so we will ask you to please be prepared to paly
cash for them, f All books offered for exchange must be Whn0e
books, with no missing leaves, backs on them and in good conditi n
gj to be used again. TfWe will at all times have School Supplies, such
; as pens, pencils, paper, tablets, inkr etc. - .
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