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SELMER, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY, APRIL 22, 1921 Number 43 Here's a Real Argument For Philippine Independence few? c K , . t "q 0 P fVi A Typical Philippine Homestead The United Stftes Isn't the only, country tlmt has homesteaders those' enterprising pioneers who leave thick ly populated districts nnd take their fninilies into virgin territory to create ' homes for themselves. The Philippine islands have thousands of thrifty home steaders.' ' The uhove photograph shows a pic ture of 11 Christian Filipino homestead er and his family i.ear Pikit, Cotulnito ; province, Mindanao, P. J. Five years i ago he was a cab driver' working for 1 low wages at Cebu, a thickly populated city. ' He went Into the then wilderness of Mindanao, planted hemp and cocoa nuts, paid for his land" and has be come. wealthy. Thousands of similar instances could be cited. One Mindanao homesteader is worth $200,003. LONDON POLICE I GARRY NO GUNS Killing of a "Boby" Dy a Crim- . inal Is Rare Occurrence, Says ! ' Former Inspector. MANY SOLDIERS 'OB' FORGE - Courts Support the Police Splendidly, ' Although a First Offender Is . Hardly Ever Sent to Jail , Intoxication on Wane. New York. How London is policed by 2,200 constables over flu area 30 miles hi diameter without a revolver in the pocket of a "bobby" was dis cussed by Inspector A. -J. Spriggs, honorary secretary of the London Met ropolitan Police Athletic association, who Is living at the New York Police club, according to the New York I World. '.' "Crime wave, yon say?" he asked, qulzsilcaliy, when questioned on the sit uation in London. .Why, we have our good and bad spells, like you do here.',' He then explained that London ap points 1.000 constables a, year, tie said tne force had been depleted by more than 1,000 during the war, many . of the men never returning. But even In normal times, he explained, the de partment requires 1,000 new men an nually. : . .. ' , Don't Exnect to Be Shot Hovt nnv of vour policemen heen V A Passing Landmark of Old Manila This is a photograph ot the famous old Bridge of Spain, Manila. It is now a departed landmark of the Philippines, for its iluce has been taken by fcne of the finest bridges in the entire Orient, the new Jones bridge. The Jones Bridge Is named In honor of the late Congressman W. A. Jones of Virginia, author of the Jones law of 1910 which promised the Filipinos independence upon the establishment of a stable government. The old Bridge of Spain is called "the mother of Manila bridges." The original bridge was built of pontoons sometime between the years l.r90 and 1000, being known asie Bridge of Boats, the stone bridge shown above wus built about 1G30, It was twice duuiaged by earthquakes, and was once partly demolished by a flood. The Philippine government is encour aging the Immigration of Filipinos from the thickly populated sections in to Mindanao. This is the second larg est if the islanib of the archipelago. It Is still sparsely settled, -although it Is ono of the richest and most pro ductive islands In the world. Many Americans have established planta tions there nnd become rich. Filipinos are using. the stories of the many successful Filipino homesteaders as an argument for Independence. They make the point that a people that can go out Into a tropical wilderness with no capital save their patience, perse verance and energy and win homes "jr themselves, have the necessary stamina to run their own affairs. Kiueo. ny eninniuis, as Happens neie once In a while?" "Why, no; hardly ever; that would be a record," he replied. - "How's that?" ' "Our men ore not armed." "Why?" , .,-V50J!,e3 t?r 'la criminal "oes nt peVrTol)e'8hoC-and" r'suppos'e he does not care to risk being found wltlj a gun," responded the Londoner. London policemen are' promoted "right off" for especially good work, In spector Spriggs explained. He said that almost every man entering the department in the last year or two had been a soldic., Few Policemen Are Killed. The London "copper" works au eight hour shift, during which he is allowed a halNiour for lunch. The pay is not as much as It Is here, because the Lon doners are paid,' housed and clothed. The married men live at home with their families and are allowed housing expenses. , ; The kiling of a policeman In Lon don is rare not one a year the In spector explained. He said the police orphanage, an institution for-the care and rearing of dependent children of deceased policemen,-" was , supported principally by the athletic activities of the police, coupled with concerts by the five bands maintained by the de partment, and also by the police min strel troupe. 9 Pubfic Intoxication Is on the wane in London, the inspector said, for the "public houses" are open, only from six to ten o'clock at night.; Recently London has . appointed policewomen, principally '"for! welfare work and pa trol duty In the parks and punlle places. There as also receptly en acted a law against possession of-fire-aims although the criminal element. nC- eliiprmsizea apm, uuea uui tart; a gun. Inspector Sprlpgs said the courts support the police "splendidly," al though n ilrst offender Is hardly ever sent to Jail. Married Two Wives, So He Had to Steal Minneapolis, Minn. Oscar Hanson, who made the unique plea, according to the police, that lie was driven to a life of banditry because he married two women and hadto support two families was arraigned In Municipal -court, today. Hanson was bound to the grand Jury under '?! 0.000 ball, on a charge of robbery and pleaded not guilty to 'a charge of nonsupport, preferred by Mrs. Elizabeth Hanson, whom the police designated ns wife No. 1. She has three children. The- police said Hanson was found at' the home of Mm. Lenor Hanson, who resides with her mother. The second Mrs. Hanson has a 10-months-old son. . ' MOVIE REVEALS BOLL WEEVIL AS VILLAIN Two-Reel Film Shows Activities of Littte Insect. Calcium Arsenate Plays Important Part in Destroying Pest and Sav. ing Southern Farmers Thou sands of Dollars Annually. (Prepared by the United States ttepart ment ot Agriculture.) "Good-by, Boll Weevil." is the title of " an entertaining and instructive two-reel film Just released by the United States Department of Agricul ture. Mr. Boll Weevil, destroyer of American crops to the extent of many million dollars a year, is the "hea-vy" TtHaliiK :.JIe , appears vtaralr Wiues,. to dlvldually In the course of this lively production, but the principal part is devoted to the activities of the hero of the sketch, Mr. Calcium Arsenate, who is aided and abetted by the de partment In his efforts to bring about v ' -arva of Weevil in Boll of Cotton. Mr. WSevil's .overthrow. "Cal" de scends upon Mr. Weevil from a bat tery of horse-drawn machines, of which 40 are shown in one spectacular scene taken in early summer. ' Work is shown in the department's labora tories at Tullulah. La., and in Wash Ington, ' D. , C, where, the methods which save cotton planters $20,000,000 or more annually were devised. One interesting feature Is the labor atory work by which bogus weevil ex terminators are detected. The second part of the film, taken in the fall, shows thousands of acres of snowy cotton fields 1 with pickers gathering the, snowy bolls.. Two or three con trasts are shown between fields where calcium arsenate dust has been ap plied and adjoining rows which were neglected, From actual experience the saving to one fi.OOO-acre planter is given at more than $04 an acre. The film Is designed primarily for demon stration work In the South, and is one of about R00 IMms covering more than 100 subjects ' showing different phases of the work of the depart ment. Copies of the film may ; be bought from the department by Insti tutions and organizations Interested In boll weevil extermination. Its use Is suggested for state agricultural colleges, boards of commerce, etc, MAKE WOODLAND PROFITABLE Plan to Have It Permanently Produc tive by Protecting It From Ftre and Overgrazing. a , Make' yeur woodland permanently profitable by protecting it from fire and from evergra'.iits: select for cut ting only the mature, defective, over crowded and inferior kinds of trees, leaving the straight, thrifty and bettei kinds to grow for a future Crop, fcSKS INDEPENDENCE WITH ' V OR WITHOUT PROTECTION ! Manila, P. I. -The people of the Philippines want Independence in whatever form they can get it. M u n s e I Quezon, president" of the Philippine senate, Qet-lniYd in au ad dress before that body. . . "Let the Ameri cans In the Philip pines mid those. In the Tailed Slates know that the peo ple of the Philip- Manuel L. Quezon President Philip " pine Senate liines covet their freedom, liberty anil political emancipation so much that they will not hesitate to receive from the Congress of the United States complete and absolute independence without protection," Quezon said. f "if the United Stales, dictated by Its Own Interests, decides to extend pro tection to the Philippines, well and good. Wc would accept that as a so lution of our problems. If not, let us have absolute Inilependence In what ever form we can get It.-' .ji president Quezon declared that if the question, were put before the ;';!ip!iios for u vote. OS per cent would 'n vnr nli-'otiitf Independence. FARM EQUIPMENT ESSENTIAL Successful Management of Crops' Dew pends Greatly Upon Efficiency of Implement. J The successful management of a modern farm largely depends upon the efficiency of the equipment with which the work is performed, 'Special ists of the United States Department of Agriculture point out. ' j The equipment of the average far can be divided Into about 'three more or less distinct classes, as follows: Tlrst nnd most important, are rhe buildings, fences, implements, mnchin fry, wagons and all appliances used in the more Important farming opera Upns ; ecoud,r UtensiJs and inarhljiery. used In connection with the dairy, gar 6mi. tools, butchering outfit, aaA the numerous small things for general use about the place; third, the tools, ma terials, and facilities for keeping the first two classes of equipment in good working order. - . , ; In order to secure the greatest effi ciency, all implements and machinery should be properly housed when not in actual service, so as to be in good working condition when required for use. MICKIE SAYS P VOOSlE FOUND A 0 felU., UOSf "VOOR PB-f BULL OOO . TO GOV Pk -tO 6EU. Arte FA,Att FUV Va -fAKS K CrAWMCE OM ftno I V M&M-r AD. "TV EH DONft COS HAaOLS ANNtVUN Ats' OOf HE Per, BOH- UfcEMS ,ra Leaf-Roller Has Attracted Attention on Account, cf Its Attack on Many Vegetablas. - A mlnute, green caterpillar, called the red-banded leaf-roller, has attract ed attention through its ' attack on vegetable' crops, particularly beans, sweet . potatoes, asparagus and corn, as well ' as strawberries and other plants. The extent of the damage, however, which has been Investigated by entomologists of the United States Department of Agriculture Is not large, seldom being sufficient to war rant artificial control measures. f This caterpillar rolls a teaf shelter, the Interior of which Is rather difficult to reach with Insecticides. Ordinarily, the rolled leaves can be clipped and burned, as they are easily detected. Arsenate of leo4, two or three pounds to 80 gallons of water. Is recommend ed as a foliage spray when the leaf roller becomes abundant. V ECONOMIC CROP YIELDS NECESSARY CHEAPEST YIELD3 ARE THE LARGEST YIELD3 PER ACRE, SAYS SOUTHERN AGRICUL TURAL AUTHORITY It Take a Greater Amount of Crop Re turns to Cover Production Cost Now; Therefore High Yields Per Acre Are Necessary If the Farmer Is to Ob tain Profits - Director J. N. Harper of, the Southern Soil Improve ment C o m m I ttee, a widely known agricultural au thority, speaking of the situation brought about by Ihe law price of crops, recent ly said that det J. N. HAKPBR flatlon of prices had hurt the farmer more than any other class, end that on thi3 account tha farmer Is entitled to every consid eration within reason. At such a timo as this wh3n the farnnr is facing the problem of which crops to grow, and how much he can venture to spend In their production. Mr. Harper says, that he, as a farnm' himself, knows that it is the most dif ficult situation of the kind he has ever confronted. ' This Is -the way this agricultural authority figures out tha proposition of profitable crop production in 1321: "Grew enough food and feed crops to supply as far as possible the needs of the family, the tenanto and live stock. ' Then pick out the kind of cash crops that seem to offer the best pros pects. "Cotton will always be one of the Best cash crops that a Southern, fa'fuv er can grow. No cotton farmer cau afford to throw cotton aside alto gether. . , , "But cotton should not be the only cash crop. It would only be another case of carrying all the eggs in one basket. It is better to go to market with more than one 'crop. Among these other crops are peanuts, legume hays, tobacco, sweet potatoes, sugar cane, sorghum, rice and perhaps other crops. In addition there should be a gradual adding, aa means will allow, ot more livestock, beginning with hogs preferably and taking on other ani mals as soon as possible. "In facing the problem of profitable crop production for the year 1921, two facts must be considered. (1) Crop prices are low, (2) Crop producing expenses have not fallen correspond ingly. ," ; ;; '.;'.' ' 'The farmer must remember that when crop prices are low, it takes more of the crops to.; covet1, the pro duction cost This narrows the mar gin of profits. .Tneref ore, if a farmer does not look well to keeping up his acre yields, there will be no margin left above the cost ot production.' "Always, the most expensivq yields are the low yields and the most re munerative are the high yields. If there are losses to be sustained, as was the case in 1920, the farmer who grew the greatest yields per acre lost least. ' t . " '" '. . "A safe and sane policy that needs especial emphasis for 1921, is: 'Guard your profits with high acre yields.' This Involves good preparation ot the seed bed, the use ot high producing seed, liberal fertilization and thorough cultivation. A neglect to employ any one of these to the proper extent may mean that the farmer will find him self poorer at the end ot the seasoa than at the beginning. ' "Labor Is the greatest item ot cost In producing a crop yield. It must be used to the extent of thorough cul tivation. Fertilisers are next In the liei of cost items. Since high yieldt per acre are so essential in times ot low prices of crops, and sinco fertilis ers increase acre yields more than any thing else, they cannot be reducsd lo 1921. In fact, it may be that they will have to be depended upon more than ever, to make acre yields that will be profitable. , ', "An investment in good seed is one ot the best that-a farmer can make at any time. ; "In a word, this is a time for farm efficiency, faith and courage. These virtues exercised, the farmer , will emerge from the post-war struggle vic toriously." CALCIUM ARSENATE TREATMENT An Idea of the benefit gained by application of the calcium arsenate treatment developed and recommend 0 z ii2.JIuiteiiatja.Deiiartaia U If y ft Ml m weevil is found in tin experienca. of a large plunto al Tallulah. La. With tne exception of certain test plats, this man's entire acreatja was dusted wiih calcium arsenate, the co3t being f J.20 an acre. He obtained an average yield of 1.215 pounds of s.ed cotton to the acre oc the land surrounding the test plats, whlla t h -so unpoisoued test Plata iiveiiiged only 300 pounds, or a brut i'5 pjr ceat of the yield on the no.'iioncd cotton. Thus his net profit from poisoning on ths&e areas or sah-s inuda before declining prices ol -cUon wus about Si 20 au aero. ASKS INDEPENDENCE FOR PHILIPPINES Mnnlln. Fran c's Ilurton Hani son, former gov ernor general . of the Philippine Is lands, ''Offered to tender his resig nation eighteen months ago upon condition that the Secretary of War V e c o in m end to President : Wilson that a Filipino be appointed his suc cessor. He tiisde the orfer while in Vn shington In Francis Burton HarrUon 1010. ji',.,',; D'scnssin'g Philippine Independence, the governor general said: - ; "I can see In the future a vvery beautiful vision. When the ting of the Philippine republic shall be hoist ed,, when the 'Stars and Stripes 'will come floating down to-the strains of The Star Spangled Banner' that flag,' Old Glory, so rich In huppy and hon orable achievements,- wilt be made doubly dear becnusu It will menu that the United States will have kept Its word io the people of the Philippine. Islands." . 8chooi of Journalism in Philippines Manila. A school of Journalism, the first' in the Far Gust bus been estab lished at the University of the Philip pines, In Manila. Admission to the School of Journal ism is Untiled to third and fourth year ttudenta - wlHvT hav Hshow. marked ability in 1 1' use of English. The course is open to both men nnd wi nien. A class of about 50 registered at the ojienlng of the' journalistic J course. jj A TEST OF FAITH i (Chattanooga News.) We have frequent occasion to pro- . test against the efforts of Japan te ' Impose her dominion ' upon unwilling j lieupies, yei we nave rims iar lauea to exemplify the Ideals-which we ree oniniend to Japan. If we should with draw our sovereignty froiti the Philip pines, ln accordance with our repeated promises, we could the more . consist- ently ask Japan to follow a similar course toward Shantuug, Manchuria and Siberitt.. Our plea wonld liave a great deal more force if we could make It with clean bands. To say 8mt the Philippines are not readjr-for to dependence Is merely, to express an arbitrary, gratuitous opinion. ' It is lrfectly easy; to create conditions In .one's own mind tbst no peotile , ever could comply with. Our delay " about respecting our own pledge Is a reflection on our national good t faith . and a constant invitation to Interna tional complications In the -far east, -'.'!' J '" -- '-' ? ' INDEPENDENCE OF PHILIPPINES - (Ataseadero' (CaL Newa.) . . . , . The Philippines should bo . given absolute independence,' which Is their' natural right, even If we are- well nware that they have not ' yet i reached the full stature ot American Ism. We ourselves have not reached It so long as we insist upon govern ing other peoples against their will., , Shall We Let Philippines GeT ' , (Cedar Itaptds (la.) Kepulillcan.) The United States cannot contlnn to hold the Philippines unless this &a tion wants to give the He to Ks own professions In the matter. The United States must keep faith with the world. The American people do not want the Philippine Islands to become . their Irish question. 'Flllplnoe Are Making Headway (Mt. Vernon (O.) Republican-News) The Filipinos are making an inten sive and Intelligent campaign for in dependence. They . are urging their claims with shrewdness and vigor. They declare that they have proven beyond question that they are capable of self-government, and, they believe that with Independence the Fillplne wilt so -conduct himself as to gain the respect of the world. . , ' Poetry and Prose.; Dancing Is the poetry of motUn." "Maybe It Is," answered Senator Sor ghum. "But give roe the solid pros of a march upon the Avenue to an old- j fashioned patriotic tuue." . ' J - . -"r .. V- "