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ISntereil ut the Post-Office ut Savannah an Second Claaa Matter. - '
VOL. IV .-NO. 1. SAVANNAH; TENNESSEE, THURSDAY, JANUARY 5, 1888. , One Dollar Per Year.
LIKING AND DISLIKING.
You who know the reason, tell me
How It Is that instinct Hill
Prompts the heart to like or like not
At its own capricious will?
Tell mo by what hidden magic
Our Impressions llrst are led
Into liking or disliking.
Oft before a word be said?
1 Why should smiles sometimes repel usl
Bright eyes turn our feelings cold?
What is that which comes to tell us
All that glitters is not gold?
O, no feature, plain or striking,
But a power we oan not shun,
Prompts our liking or disliking
Ere acquaintance hath begun.
Is it instinct or some spirit
Which protects us and controls
Every impulse we inherit
By some sympathy of souls?
Is it instinct, is it nature,
' Or some freak or fault of chance,
Which our liking or disliking
, Ltmlts to a single glanoe? ;
Like presentiment of danger,
Though the sky no shadow flings?
Or that Inner sense, still stronger, '
Of unseen, unuttered things? .
Is It O, can no one tell me,
No one show sufllcicnt cause,
Why our liking and disliking
Have their own instinctive laws?
Uttell'i Living Age.
JOHN AND DAISY.
How They Succeeded In Paying
John Ramsay was working on his
farm, his careless, looso dress display
ing to advantage his tall, muscular
figure, and a broad straw hat shaded a
handsome face, with largo dark eyes
net beneath a forehead whoso breadth
nnd height indicated a powerful brain.
Tho hands that guided the plow were
strong hands, but whiter and more
delicate than such pursuits usually
Daisy Halo sat watching him. Her
dress was print, but mndo with
flounces on the skirt and ruffles on the
waist. Her short golden hair was
curled into a fringo carefully over her
forehead, and gathered in longer curls
into a comb behind, above which was
a very jaunty hat, covered witli puffs
of white muslin and bows of blue
ribbon to match the spots upon her
The faco under Daisy's hat was
gloomy, not to say cross. A very
pretty face, but not pleasant, having a
petted, spoilcd-child frown, and a
brooding discontent in the large blue
' Presently the farmer drew near her,
and taking off his hat, fanned himself
with it, stopping his horses while he
leaned indolently against tho plow.
"You look deliciously cool under
this great tree," ho said. "And
hem! very much dressed' for nino
o'clock in the morning!"
"In a fivepenny calico!" she said,
contemptuously. "When are you
coming in P"
"At noon, to dinner."
"It is too absurd," she broke out,
angry tears in her eyes, "for you to bo
plowing, and hoeing, and milking
cows, and doing the work of a laboring
man! I thought when you came home
from collego you would do something
besides work on a farm."
"And let tho farm go to ruin. That
would bo a poor way to pay. my
"Your debts!" she said, looking
astonished. "Do you owe debts?"
"Certainly! You and I aro both
very heavily in debt, Daisy. I think
. when Aunt Mary took us in, poor little
orphans, I her nephew, you her second
"Third cousin," sho interrupted,
"sinco you are so particular! I know
what you menu, but I am very sure
. that A lTSt . Mary never intended us to
drudge on the horrid old farm!"
"Do joii know that all the money
she saved in a life of hard work was
spent upon our education? Do you
'- know that she hns nothing now but
tho farm, nnd that to take her away
from it would probably shorten her
"She always has taken care of it
"Are you blind that you can not see
how tho four years she has been alone
here have aged her, how feeble she is?
While we were living at ease at col
lege aud school, she ha toiled for us
untd she is wearied out."
"But you could send her money, if
you were in the city in some gentle
"Perhaps so, ten or twelve years
from now. To-day I propose to work
this farm, and see how many bushels
of corn 1 can raise on it!"
lie took hold of the plow-handles as
he spoke, started the horses, and left
her, her eyes full of angry tears.
"He might as well have said what
he meant," she thought, springing
down and starting for the house. "He
thinks 1 ought to cook, and wash, and
make butter, and work like a servant
girl, when I have studied so hard and
tried to make myself a lady, that he
might not be ashamed of me.
And yet, in her heart, she knew that
he was ashamed of her, and that she
deserved it Ashamed that she could
sit in her room, selfishly engrossed in
making pretty articles of dress, or
reading, while her cousin, or, as she,
too, called her. Aunt Mary, worked in
the kitchen, the dairy, the poultry
yard, from day a dawn till night
She was not all selfishness and
heartlessness, though there had grown
a thirk crust of both over her better
nature. Her ideas of ladies and gentle
men depended largely upon clothing
and pursuit, and she had not yet quite
realized how much more nearly John's
tasdard reached the-drrired point
than her own.
As she drew near the honse the sting
of John's worp"netrte4 wore and
j tuiuiiu iu v. i Ukv out nun mil 'i i
over her heart, until a fresh stab met
her at tho door. Looking in at tho
open door, siie saw a white head
bowed in weeping, a slight figure
shaken by sobs.
Quickly through all tho selfishness,
self-reproach struck nt the girl's heart,
nnd in a moment sho was on her knees
besido tho low chair, her arms around
the weeping woman.
"Oh, Aunt Mary, what is it? Oh,
please don't try so! Oh, what has
'.'Why, Daisy, dear" through sobs
that would not be checked at a mo
ment's notice "don't mind mo. I'm
only tired, dearie only tired."
Could she have struck doeper?
Tired! At seventy, housework does
become a weariness! At seventy, it
may seem as if one ought to rest while
young hands and activo feet take up
the burdens. Sho was very tired, tlus
patient old woman, who had. given her
life's work for others: first, for her
parents; then for an Invalid brother;
lastly, for tho orphan children; with
such innumerable sets of neighborly
kindness as only the recording angel
of good deeds knew.
Well might she be tired! It was new
to her to be caressed, to have tender
hands lead her to her room and loosen
her dress, a tender voice coax her to
"Now I will darken the window,"
Daisy said, "and you aro to rest.
Sleep, if you can, until dinner time."
But, Daisy, you can not make tho
I will try," was the quick reply;
and Aunt Mary submitted.
Washing the potatoes, shelling pease,
frying ham, making coffee, all allowed
thought to bo busy, and Daisy sigh-
ingly put away some of her day-dreams
over her homely tasks.
"I can not bo a lady," sho thought,
"and John won't be a gentleman, but
will try to pay jny share of the
She had taken off her flounces and
hat, and put on a plain dress and largo
check apron before sho began to work;
and sho was rather astonished, as her
kitchen duties progressed, to find her
self happier than she had been sinco
she returned home.
When John came to dinner he was
astonished to find Aunt Mary "quite
dressed up," as she blushingly said, in
a clean print dress and white apron,
her dear old face showing no sign of
heat or weariness, while Daisy, with
added bloom and bare white arms, was
carrying in the dinner.
The now girl, at j-our service, sho
said, saucily, as she pulled down her
sleeves. "Dinner is ready, sir."
But her lips quivered as ho bent over
her nnd whispered: "God bless you,
dear! Forgive me if 1 was too hasty
It was a merry meal. They made a
play that was more than half earnest
of Aunt Mary's being a great laJy who
was to be waited upon, and not allowed
to rise from the table upon any con
sideration. Dinner over, John re
turned to his plowing, and Aunt Mary,
firmly refusing to sit in idleness, was
allowed to wash cups and saucers,
while Daisy mado short work of pots
John said but little as the days wore
on and still found Daisy at her post.
It was not in tho nature of things for
Aunt Mary to sit with folded hands,
but it became Daisy s task to in
augurate daily naps, to see that only
the light work came to tho older
hands, to make daily work less of a toil
and more of ft" pleasure.
And the young girl herself was sur
prised to find how much she enjoyed
the life that had seemed to her a mere
With younger hands to carry on the
domestic affairs, they ceased to engross
every hour of the day, and John en
couraged Daisy in making use of the
stiff, shut-up parlor as a daily sitting
room. A pair of muslin curtains at
each window were skillfully draped to
keep out tho flies, the center table re
signed its gay vase of stiff artificial
flowers and stand ol wax fruit, to maKe
room for the dainty work-baskets for
'afternoon work," and the periodicals
John took in,
Over the shiny horse-hair sofa and
chairs pretty bits of embroidery were
draped, and fresh flowers were sup
plied each day. Aunt Mary s caps,
her collars and aprons were adjusted
to suit the new order of things, and
the easiest of chairs stood ever ready
for her resting time.
And John, bringing to his task the
same will and brains that had carried
him through college, was inaugurating
a new order of affairs on the farm, and
made the work pay well
Once more came a June day, when
Daisy sat in the fields, and John stood
leaning against the fence Dcside her.
Four years of earnest, loving work
had left traces upon both young laces,
ennobling them, and yet leaving to
them all the glad content that rewards
Many hours of self-denial both had
met bravely; many deprivations both
had borne. welL Daisy wore a black
dress, and upon the hat in John's hand
was a band of crape, but through
sadness in their voices there yet rang a
tone of happiness.
Yon love me, Daisy?" John had said
When have I not loved yorV," she
I have long loved you, but after Aunt
Mary was struck down with paralysis
I would not ask you to take up new
duties, Now sh i ueeds you no longer.
and you shall leave tho farm whenever
you wish." ,
"Leave tho farm! Oh, John, must
we leave it? I thought it was yours
"So it is."
"And you have made it so beautiful,
as well us profitable! Oil, John, why
must we leave it?
"Only because I thought it was your
"It would break my heart to go
away. 1 love my home.
And John, taking tho little figure
into a close embrace, wondered if any
city could produce a sweeter, daintier
little lady than the ens lie held in his
A GREAT CURIOSITY.
Hones ot the Great Auk Received at the
Several boxes and barrels of bones
of the great auk, a bird that is now
believed to be, extinct, havo been re
ceived nt the Smithsonian Institution
from the Banks of Newfoundland. Tho
great auk was notable in si.c. As it
stood or st erect it was over two feet
high. It had a strong bill or beak,
something in tho shape of the razor
bill. One of its peculiarities, and the
one to which it is indebted for its final
extinction, was tho rodiulously small
wings. These wings were useless for
purposes of flight, but were used for
swimming purposes. The great auk was
a powerful swimmer. With its web
feet in motion in the reurlike a propel
ler, and its wings beating rapidly, it
would literally fly through the water,
making such speed that powerful oars
men in a boat could not overtake it.
But usliore it was a clumsy and stupid
creature. . . . .
Before Europeans sought tho Amer
ican coast the savages, it is believed,
hunted tho helpless birds until they
were driven to tho rocks and isl
ands far out at sea, inaccessible to
the Indians, with their primitive
means of navigation. But toward the
end of the fifteenth century the bold
sailors of northern Europe began mak
ing expeditions into the waters where
tho great i.uks kept their vigils on tho
rocks, and the war of extermination be
gan. Early writers describo these birds
us found in great number. On shore they
fell easy prey to the mariners. Some
times a plank was laid from the ship
to the rocky island, ora sail was spread
out liko a bridge, and over this tho
birds were driven aboard like so ninny
geese. Or they were driven into a pen
and slaughtered with sticks. In such
numbers wero thoy found that ships
sent to the fishing banks were only
scantily supplied with provisions, tho
dependence for supplies being upon
tiro great auks which nature had pro
vided in such abundance.
The last authentic record of the
great auks having been seen nlivo was
in 1841, when two wejo captured in
Iceland. In 1852, one is said to have
been seen alive on the Newfoundland
banks, and, in 1853, a dead one per
haps the last of his rnctf was report
ed as found in Trinity bay; but
Symington Groves thinks all reported
observations since ,1814 are mis
takes. So many years have elapsed
sinco it is positively known one
was seen alive, that nil hope
has died that any have escaped
the great destruction. As it frequent
ed isolated situations, for tho sake of
security, littlo is known of its habits.
It laid but one egg, and this was de
posited on tho bare rock. Tims,
scanty provision was made by nature,
to repay the losses caused by tho
wholesale destruction of the harmless
and helpless birds. The great auk
waddled from its rocky nest in un
gainly fashion to the brink, sometimes
tumbling into tho water from quite a
height, but, once in the water! it was
as graceful as a yacht, propelling it
self rapidly. It fed upon small fish,
which it caught with great dexterity.
Washington Star. '
A SCANDALOUS OUTRAGE.
now a Conscienceless White Man Cheated
"Folks oughter be 'rested fur cheat
in' de ballock-box dat way!" ex
claimed a disgusted negro who stood
near a voting place in Arkansaw. An
Eastern man ,vho overheard the ne
gro's denunciation approached him
"Did you say something about the
ballot-box being cheated?"
'Yas, sah, I did, an' dat white man
standin' ober yander is de cause o' it,
"Trying to grind you down, is he?"
."Yas, sah, tryin' tcr do dat fur cr
"I think myself that it is scandal
ous. It is a blistering shame, a can
kering sarcasm upon our institutions.
This thing of robbing a man of his
right of suffrage is heaping disgrace
upon our Government. Tell me how
they treated vou?"
"How da cheated de ballot-box?"
"Wall, sah, dat w'ite man standin'
ober yander come up tcr me dis
mawnin' an' says, ssys le: 'Saul, you
ain't gwine ter vote fur dat man
Scott, is yer?' Wall, yas,' I says, Tse
been thinkin' some erbout it' 'Doan
do it,' says ee, an' Til gin yer er dollar
ter vote fur Mr. Smit ' Dat hit me in
de right place, an' I voted fur Mr.
"WelL but huw was that cheating
Wy, sah, de blame dollar he gin
me hab got er hole in it." Arkansaw
A petrified peanut shell has been
found in the npper gallery of the
theater at Pompeii. Gods have been
gods in all ages. Lift,
SCHOOL AND CHURCH.
The MeAll Mission in Paris now
occupies thirty-five ptations.
Of all earthly music, that which
reaches farthest into Heaven is the
music of a loving heart. Beecher. .
The city of Toronto has a popula
tion of 140,000, and prospers without
Sunday horse-cars and without a single
Sunday newspaper. .
If good poople would but make
goodness agreeable,' and smile instead
of frowning in their virtue, how many
would they gain to the good cause?
Tho receipts of tho Amerjean
Board for the first month of the pres
ent year amounted to $30,668.57, being
double that of the same month last
year. . ,
If a man should lose an article of
wearing apparel every time ho told a
lie, there are men who would never
pray for winter. Pomcrotfs Advmlce
Thought. ' ;
The American Board rocently held
a farewell meeting in Boston for fifty
eight missionaries one to Spain, nine
to India, thirteen to Turkey, sixteen to
Japan, nineteen to China. Public
Prof. Thomas Carnelly and a Mr.
floldam, of a collego at Dundee, have
been investigating sewer air, and re
port (hat it averages as pure, so far as
disease germs aro concerned, as the
air in ordinary houses.
Tho Presbyterians of New York
City are talking about raising a fund
of $1,000,000 for ministerial relief, and
it is desired to have the amount
pledged beforo the centennial of
Fresbyterianism in 1888.
In studying the Word of God
digest it under llieso two heads: cither
as removing some obstructions that
keep God and thee asuuder, or as sup
plying some uniting power to bring
God and thee together. Cecil. f
"There's been a great improve
ment in school books, Mr. Robinson,
sinco we were boys." "Yes, indeed.
The same sized book that we could
buy thon for a quarter, now sells for
about a dollar." Kentucky State Jour
nnl. A writer in a recent number of the
Chautaitquan, who, as editor of a New
York paper, has had long experience
in tho examination of manuscripts,
states that Princeton graduates show
tho best training in English, and write
the least like amateurs, and Harvard
studonts rank next. His observations
enibraco at least twenty institutions.
Tho Ladies' Association of the
Established Church of Scotland raised
$31,785 in 1886, and in its mission in
Africa, India and China they support
12 European missionaries and D8
Eurasian and native workers. In
their 33 schools aro 2,463 scholars, and
400 Zenanas welcome the visits and
teaching of their Christian agents. ,
The memorial of St Paul which
some Americans propose to set up in
his native city of Tarsus will take tho
practical shape of a training school for
orphans, of which there are a great
many in Cilicia. About $2,500 a year
have been pledged, a sum sufficient to
support about fifty children. Dr.
Howard Crosby is the president of the
board of managers.
The following statistics havo been
published of London : Aggregato mid
summer population, 5,416,006; total
church sittings, 1,903,509 a propor
tion of 35 per cent, to the population.
Of this 35 per cent, the Establishment
supplies 4.95 per cent, and the free
churches 50.5 per cent. It is estimated
that not more than one-half tho accom
modation W nHimlly iis.mI for public
Tho Congregalionalists at Nauga
tuek. Conn., are erecting a parish
house with twenty -four rooms, besides
hall, cloak-rooms and closets. The
first floor lias an assembly-room, reception-room,
and seven class-rooms, and on tho sec
ond floor eight class-rooms, reading
rooms kitchen, dining-room, coat
and cloak rooms. On the third floor
will be the pastor's study and a room
for a gymnasium. TuMic Opinion.
An American Bell in China.
Some time ago tho Asylum Street Con
gregational Church, of Hartford, Conn.,
sent a bell to the church in Kalgan,
China, and in due time received a letter
written on red paper and addressed to
The Church in the Great and Beautiful
Kingdom, for you all to open." This
is a translation of the letter, which
was signed by thirty-four members of
the Kalgan church. "1887 Chinese
fifth month, twenty-fourth day, which
is the American seventh month, twenty
fourth da'. The decendants of She m
in the Congregational Church, Protes
tant denomination of the city of Kal
gan, district of Wan-ch'uan, depart
ment of IP.suan-Hua, province of Chih
li, in the Chinese empire, heartily
thank the decendants of Japhet, in the
Protestant Church, Congregational de
nomination, of the city of Hartford,
of the State of Connecticut, in the
great and beautiful kingdom, for the
unspeakable favor of presenting them
with a belL The glad tidings of the
Saviour has a beautiful tongue to speak
it forth. A gift from Heaven, received
on earth, it is the myriad good fortune
of China: 'When the brazen mountain
burst asunder the brazen bell began to
ring.' This insignificantly small scrap
of paper can not adequately express the
reverence felt by us inch-long bits of
grass. We each the tail end of the
church members- of the church, all
hei-ewith bow and pre-se nt our thanks."
V. '. Sun,
PERSONAL AND LITERARY.
Conductor W. W. Wilber, of tn
Boston & Albany railroad, has traveled
1,650,000 miles in the last forty-four
years. He is now tho oldest conductor
on the road, but ho is strong and
vigorous, and expects to mako a rec
ord of 2,000,000 miles before he re
tires. Mr. Edward Earle, of New York,
has on his place at Narragansett Pier
a water tower seventy-tivo feet high
containing 18,000 gallons. On the top
of this tower is a wooden dragon
twenty-ono feet long, with spread
wings measuring twelve feet from tip
Just before Mrs. Langtry left New
York City she became the possessor of
what is pronounced by experts to bo
tho largest and finest turquoiso in
America. It is sot in twenty-seven
diamonds, nnd may bo worn as a pin
or as a pendant. It is worth over
$5,000. Public Opinion.
Joseph Chamberlain is on en
thusiast on tho subject of orchids, on
which ho spends immense sums. Ho
has the finest collection in England,
always wears one in his buttonhole,
and frequently displays $6,000 to $7,000
worth of theso costly flowers on his
Mrs. George W. Childs' parlor at
Wootton is a gem. The carpet is
gendarme blue and tho mahogany fur
niture is upholstered in a rich dark
brown with a few odd pieces in white
and gold set out. Tho ornaments on
tho mantel are few and large. The
prevailing color in tho scarfs and
draperies, stuck hero nnd there on
corners of chairs and other articles, is
yellow. As befitting a country home,
Mrs. Childs has white mull curtains all
through tho house.
Tho Garfield monument, though
not completed, has been opened for
the inspection of tho public. The
foolish statements mado In regard to
its alleged instability, and widely pub
lished throughout the country, have
no foundation whatever. Tho height
of the structure was lessened solely to
save tho cost. Tho foundations aro
strong, substantia, enduring. The
Btylo of tho monument may or may
not please the general public. That is
largely a matter of taste. Cleveland
Potter Palmer, of Chicago, is one of
those men who always seem to be in a
hurry, and whose faces carry about a
permanent look of fatigue. When he
is wandering about his hotel he tugs
away nervously at the whiskers on his
chin, and seems to bo absorbed by
some mighty problem. When he talks
his sentences are short and to tho
point. He never looks his hearer in
tho eye, and always scorns anxious to
get away. Ho is seldom seen behind
tho counter of his business office. Ho
manages, however, to run his affairs
most successfully, though it be in a
peculiar way. K Y. World.
m m 1
"What sort of a woman is she?''
"Oh, she's ono of those women who
wear dogs when they go to ride!"
"Papa," asked littlo Bobby Mc
Swilligen, "what is a railroad pool?"
f'A railroad pool, Bobby," replied
McSwilligen, "is where they water the
stock. '''Pittsburgh Chronicle,
Miss Do Smith, who wants the
sugar Prof. Gray, will you please
pass mo some article on the table
which typifies my character? Prof.
Gray, abstractedly, continuing his con
versation with Mine. T , passes the
vin egar. Chicago Trib u in:
Lament f the Old Hockiug-
Tis a shame, now I'm old,
The great weight I must hold.
At an hour when nil wise folks retire;
. Sinee the evenings grew chill
A most wearisome pill
Became mine, holding John and Maria.
"Do you find your evangelical
labors pleasant?" was asked of a Da
kota minister. "Not altogether so, at
times," was the reply. "For instance,
last Sunday, a newly-converted mem
ber of the church, who sits near the
door, threatened to fill mo full of holes
if I didn't speak louder." Life.
"Say, what are you doing?" de
manded tho hall-boy of tho country
man who was working away at the
clectricbutton in his room with a pen
knife. "O, ye re here, air ye?" was
the response. "Just lend me a hand,
will ye? I wnnter git the stopper aout
o' this speakin' tube. S'pose'n the
house sh'd catch fire and I couldn't let
the landlord know." Thl-Bits.
A Fall That Would Prove Too
Costly. Mose Schaumburg and Mrs.
S. went to the Austin Opera-house,
They got seats in the gallery. Just
before the performance began Mrs. S.
recognized a friend in the orchestra
and leaned over the railing. Mose
seized her by the arm and pulled her
back, exclaiming in an agonized tone
of voice: "Vat for you vants. to fall
down in dot orgestra, Repecca, vere it
cost a tollar and a haluf a seat?"
There is a lawyer practicing in the
district court who is noted for the de
liberation with which he goes about
any thing. - A case in which he was in
terested was called up and an effort
made to have a definite time fixed for
its triaL "It won't Like long to try
iL It's not a complicated case," sug
gested counsel. "I beg to say," re
joined the deliberate jurist, 'that it
will take considerable time." "Oh,
excuse me," said the first speaker,
sinking back into his chair, "I really
didn't know my friend was connected
with the case." Washington Crilic,
THE WOMAN'S CONGRESS.
Brief Summary of the l'roceedlnga of the
Last Annual Session of the National
Tho woman's congress, which held
its last meeting In New York in Octo
ber, was one of the best The papers
covered a variofy of subjects, ably
treated. They were spirited and pften
brilliant. Discussiou followed most of
tho papers. , ,
"The Responsibility of Women for
the Tone of Public Sentiment" was the
first paper, contributed by Laura 'B.
Clay, of Kentucky, and read by the
president of Sorosis, Mrs. M. Louise
Thomas. Tho paper pointed out the
disadvantages of "inferior education,
dependence, poverty and political dis
ability" under which women aro labor
ing, and showed that the remedy lay
in the education of popular sentiment
to the belief that the true liberty of
woman consisted in her emancipation
from "dependence upon others for the
means of subsistence." The theme
was further disoussed by Rev. Antoin
ette Brown Blackwcll, of Elizabeth, N.
J., who declared that "the hearts and
thoughts of women could remold so
ciety in a decade." Mrs. Rebecca N.
Hazard, of St. Louis, contributed a
brilliant paper on "Home Studies for
Women." which was read by Dr.
Julia Holmes Smith. It was a criticism
of the old education for women 1ii8
compared with the new system of
"Home Clubs" for the pursuit of all
sorts of knowledge. The papor was
ably discussed by Mrs. Howe, Miss
Mary F. Eastman and Mrs. Henrietta
L. T. Wolcott.
On " the first evening Miss May
Rogers read a paper on "Women In
Relation to Labor," and Mrs. Francos
Fisher Wood read one on "Scientific
Charity." These papers were dis
cussed by Mrs. Ed nah D. Cheney and
Miss Mary F. Eastman.
On the second day there was an ex
ecutive meeting of the Board of Direc
tors. Mrs. Howe presided. Mrs. IL
I T. Wolcott, as chairman of the
Committee on Science, submitted an
encouraging report, which was sup
plemented by further reports on
"Journalism," by Miss Lillian Whit
ing, of the Boston Traveller; "Educa
tion," by Mrs. May Wright SewalL of
Indianapolis, and "Women and the
Labor Reform," by Mrs. MaryC. Peck
ham, of Providence.
Tho afternoon session opencij with a
poem by Mrs. Rebecca A. Hathway,
representing the cause of the women
ns advancing to the tune of "John
Brown's Body." The first paper was
by Mrs. Anna Garlin Spencer. It wa9
a strong plea for "The Need of Intel
lectual Sympathy among Women" on
all points of belief, character nnd
morals. Tfce session closed with a dis
cussion of "Tho Responsibility of the
States to their Dependent Children,"
by Mrs. Mary E. Cobb, of Germantown,
who for several years has been an act
ive workor in the cause of prison re
form and Industrial education. Mrs.
Mrs. Frances E. Harper shared in ths
discussion of this papor, ,
Tho papers rend at the evening ses
sion wero "Thought, Hope and Con
solation from Browning," by Mrs.
Mary E Bagg, and "The Egyptian
Women," by Mrs. Charlotte B. Wil
bour, of Paris. Both papers were
carefully ditcussod. Mrs. May Wright
Sew all read a paper on "Women as
Educators," which elicited an earnest
discussion. Mrs. Sewall said: "Up to
1789 the men monopolized for one hun
dred and forty-seven years the profes
sion of teaching, but tho enormous
change since that time is shown in the
last census, which reported that 73.826
men are engaged in teaching and scien
tific pursuits, as compared with 170,
000 women. Yet but a slight share in
the direction of education is Intrusted
to women." Miss Julia M. Thomas,
of the Health Protective Association,
treated of the relations of health and
education, declaring that the ghost of
percentage haunts the health of the
children. Miss Eastman and Mrs. H.
ij. T. Wolcott took part in this discus
sion. A paper on "The Development
and Growth of Art in the West" was
read by Mrs. Mary E. Wing, of Ne
braska. Mrs. Howe read a paper on
"Aristophanes," and Miss Wendell one
on "Freedom of Fate." The Congress
The following officers were elected:
President Mrs. Julia Ward Howe.
Secretary-Miss Ella C Lapham, ot New
Treasurer Mrs. H. L. T. Wolcott, of Massa
chusetts. Auditors Sophia C. RoSman, of New York,
and Sarah J. Eddy, of Rhode Island.
Among the Vice-Presidents are: Mrs. Ednah
D. Cheney, of Massachusetts; Mary C Peek
ham, ot Khode Island; C A. Quimby, ot Maine;
Caroline R. Wendell, of New Hampshire; Prof.
Maria Mitchell, of New York; Antoinette
Blackwell, of New Jersey, and Or. Jennie K.
Trout, of Canada.
The Directors Include: Miss Mary F. East
man and Caroline F. Kennard. ot Massachu
setts'; Mrs. LIta Barney Saylet, of Connecticut;
Susan Woodman, of New Hampshire, and Dr.
Alice McGlllavray, of Canada.
The papers of the woman's congress
should be published and circulated for
the large audience who could not
attend, but who would gladly share
the benefit of them. L. S.,in Woman's
Be Attar ks Womea'a Collegee til !
plorea Tnlr Iaflaeneea Female Char
acter. The Louisville Courier-Journal lately
drew an appalling picture of the re
sults of "the higher education" upon
the feminine character. Being mildly
criticised as "provincial" by a Boston
paper, and advised to visit Wellesley
and V assar and the Harvard Annex,
Mr. Watterson undauntedlr retorts:
"It was Just those grcat educational
resorts for diverting the pure, clear
stream of womanhood from its God
created channels which we had lu
mind. We may. indeed, be provincial,
for we love woman too well to wish to
make a man of her."
Tho editor of the Courier-Journal
has shifted his ground. In his former
editorial, he claimed that to educate a
woman was generally to make her
a person of infidel opinions and prof
ligate life. Now he intimates that to
educate her is "tojtmkea man of her."
Doos this imply that manliness is
synonymous with "infidelity and dirt?"
Every woman who has a husband, or a
father, or a brother, or a boy cousin, f
will be indignant at such an unfair as- $
persion on the masculine sex.
Opponents of equal rights for women :-4
are fond of declaring with Tennyson
"Woman is not undeveloped man,
(Yet they always assume that if women
aro left free to dcvtdop in their owu
way, as men are, tney will straignt
way develop into men and a rather
poor kind of mart at that. Iho con-
trary view is well stated by "Josiah
Allen's wife," in a passage which was
written about voting, but which ap
plies equally well to education:
"It is jest as ridiculous to say it
would make a woman act coarse and (
rampage round, to vote, as to say that
kissin' a pretty baby makes a man a p
hen-hnzzy. You may want a
green shado onto the front side of your
house, nnd to that end and effect you
may plant a ncorn, and set out a rose
bush; but all the legislates in creation
can't make that acorn-tree blow out
with red posies, no more can they
make that rose-bush stand up straight
as a giant And their bein' planted
by the side of each other, on the same
ground and watered out of the .same -wateriu'
jug, don't alter their nateral
turn. They will both help shade the
winder, but do it in their own way,
which is different And men and
wimmen votin' side by sido would no
more alter their natural dispositions
than singln' one of Watts' hymns to
gether would. k One will sing bass and
the other air, so long as the world
stands." Woman's Journal.
REFUSED THEM VOTES.
Ladles Who Could Not Vote, Despite the
Fact They Were Iutellleent, Law-Abiding-
A number of ladies offered their votes
at a recent election in Fred on ia, N. Y.,
but the inspectors refused to receive
them. Tho Fredonia Censor says:
"When the fourteen ladies came to
offer their ballots at tho polls of Dis
trict No. 1, there stood by the rail an
old town druukard and pauper. He
was pretty drunk then, and the expres
sion on his face, as he watched the in
effectual efforts of the ladies to have
their votes taken, would have been
amusing if the import of it had not be
tokened such rank injustice. The
ladles wero among our best intelli
gent. God-fearing, some of theni
heavy tax-payers; but that ignorant,
besotted pauper had more direct voice
in the government than all of them,
yes, more thn'n all the women In tho
Empire State. Yet all . these women
are amenable to the laws, and most ol
them have paid school, village, town,
county and State taxes for years; aro
taxed to support that very old drunk
ard's family every winter, but they
can not even vote for tho choice of the
poormaster who disburses their
money, nor for officers to prohibit the
sale of the liquor which consumes
most of his earnings. ' He was evident
ly conscious of his great superiority
even n he steadied himself against the
rail in front of the inspectors, and as
the ladies turned sadly away, and he
looked after them with a drunken
grin, we thought that the photograph
of that scene, posted in any polling
place, would convey more conviction
of the injustice of our present suffrage
laws thau volumes of printed or hours
of oral argument
ITEMS ABOUT WOMEN.
Rev. Annie H. Shaw has given
fifty-three lectures in Iowa during the
past year, besides many in other States.
Mist Ellf.rs, M. D., who is physi
cian to the Queen of Corea at a salary
of 18,000 a year, has married Rev. D..
Mrs. Dr. A. D. Kino, of Des Moines,
has recontly been appointed resident
physician for tho State Industrial
School for Girls atMitchelville.
Miss Alice Pine has just been
elected by the New York Board ol
Education as school trustee in ward 15.
She is the first woman chosen to such
a position in that city.
Mrs. E. L. Saxon is speaking to
1: rge audiences in Kansas. She had
crowded meetings both at Lindsborg
and Marquette. . She expects to give
her time next year to Kansas and Ne
braska. Miss Susan Tbavers has for three
years supported a kitchen-garden in
connection with the Fourteenth Ward .
school in Crosby street. New York,
where little children, principally Ital
ians, are taught to set table, wash
dishes and to be neat little house
keepers, in time to pianoforte music (
by Miss Travers. y
Mrs. Geseraj. Deverecx, for ten
years a valued member of the Cincin- j
nati Commercial Gazette staff, has beei,r
made an honorary commissioner of the
Centennial Exposition to be held in
Cincinnati next year. Miss Christine
Sullivan, the artist and Miss Louise
McLaughlin, artist and author, are
the other ladies named upon this confc