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FARMER ANU PLANTER.
IMPROVING WORN OUT LANDS. A Mutter of More tliau J'nHnlnii Im portance lo the l'uriuera if the South. "Is the lund cultivated growing bet ter, increasing in productiveness, giv ing larger uverage crop returns as the yearn go by?" The muuwhoHt! fields $vo an afllrrau tivc nnswei to these questions may be safely Bet -down us a "successful" fanner, and whatever may be the temporary profits obtained, the man who at the close of euch season leave his hi ml worse than he found It, is a "failure." To begin with.we liftd in the country, "a goodly heritage" in many respects the richest and most productive in the world. This very exuberance of fertili ty has in not a few instances tempted us to a prodigality, winch is little less than criminal. We have regarded the soil as ii bank on which year after your we could draw unlimited drafts. The "deposit" part of the busiuess has been largely ignored or forgotten And so our drafts are coining back "protested;" "no funds" says the soil, nntl so over large portions of our country, poor crops, poor improve ments, poor people, do but emphasize a truth that should have been obvious at the first. We can not forver con tinue to take from even the richest soil without giving back something in return. - Still even in t he case of the most "worn-out lands" the situation is often not near as hopeless as it seems. Where from bad systems of tillage farms became unproductive, it is not bo much from the exhaustion of plant food, as from lie fact that it is locked up in inaccessible forms. The ques tion, how best to bring this elemental nutriment within the reach of grow ing crops, is often a ditlicul one. Of course, the same prescription will not answer for all "sick soils" any more than the same dosage- will nnsuVr for all sick men. Still there are some gen eral principles of soli improvement which it is wise to remember and dili gent !y apply. Modern scientific research, coupled with time-honored experience, has placed in the hands of the farmer a good many keys that are of the great est value in unlocking the buried treasures that exist in the land. Lime is one of these keys; leguminous plants another, and by growing his owii nitrogen and humus, draining and aerating his -loil, and adopting a proper rotation of crops, it is marvel ous what changes an intelligent and progressive farmer can often produce under seemingly most unpromising noil conditions. In many cases a liberal application of lime, n ton or so per acre, will in it- Bclf set in motion a scries of chemical changes in the soil, which are of a most salutary character. This allot line earth has also" the curious addi tional property of rendering porous soils more compact and dense, clay Boils more porus. It ndmirnblyprc- pnres the way for the subsequent cul ture of leguminous crops. Fortunately the number of these is Tery large and there is no portion of the United States, win-re one or more may not be cultivated with the great est advantage and success. In more northern latitude, the clovers, and Canada, field peas, in the middle re gions, these with the lupines and the cow pea, whose range of usefulness and of profitable culture is perhaps widest of all, and In the far south the velvet bean, furnishes a choice of "soil renovators" which leaves little to be desired. In most cases any rap id improvement of the land involves the more or less liberal use of com mercial fertilizers. This is especially true In starting the train of upward progress. While all directions that can be given must be modified by local conditions in most cases, the use of three or four hundred pounds of uper-pliosphnte, and a third as much muriate of potash per acre will prove a wise investment, especially as near ly all of it goes back to the soil, and is ready for the use of the succeeding crop. It is undoubtedly oetter in most cases to utilize the product of these various legumes for stock feed, gave and return the manure to the soil, and then adopt some intelligent system of rotation of crops, ndapted to the latitude. There are very few farms, however run down they may appear, that can not in this way be changed into increasingly productive land. Hryan Tyson, in Southern eul tivator. RAISING SWEET POTATOES. aro such as have, practically speaking, no fiber whatsoever, but from one to four turnip-shaped (I make no refer ence to the "cowhorn" turnip, whose form is decldely oblong), large tubers and possibly one or two smaller onea, though this latter is the exception. I have for years been endeavoring to learn why this all important diller enee, and, simple as the thing seems to be, it took close observation to solve the puzzle. The result I arrived at is this: Turnip-shaped potatoes put in the seed bed the way they grew, and covered verw slightly with earth, will make on the upper Bide short, thick, stocky sets, usually des titute of all roots. Please remember I emphasize the fact that only those sets coming from the fop are the ones to be desired; those from the side or the bottom are quite differ ent, and whilst by no means worth less, still, other things being equal, produce only about one-half what the first-named ones will. But, in order to hnve a first-clnss article, it would undoubtedly be best to cut off the tap root and peel off the lower rind as well as that on the sides. It is true this latter I have not tested, but in asmuch as potatoes split lengthwise do their part producing seta, the mere peeling of the skin could not possibly have any injurious effects. In other words, therefore, if you select turnip-shaped seed potatoes, cut o!T the tap root and peel off the sides and botoms, put them into the seed bed as they grew and cover very slightly with loose soil, you will easily double your crop. Cor. Farmers' Home Journal. spot, Putnam Fadeless Dies do not streak or give your goods an unevenly dye ippe&rauuo. oum uy an uruggtsts. The best safe for a man's money is a pru dent wile. Chicago Dutly News. BIST SPRIIS MEDICINE. The Palm Given to Dr. Greene's Nervura. That Grand Jury, the Teople, Have So Decided. Used by Hundreds of Thousands in Spring as a Blood Medicine. THE RICE INDUSTRY. Another and Hnplilly-Growlnu Source of Wealth to the Southern State. The coast country of southeast Texas and southwest Louisiana has assumed a new importance since the recent development of the rioe in dustry. The many streams, with their waters but a few feet below the gen eral level of the vast prairies, afford ed fine facilities for irrigation, tho greut desideratum in profitable rice farming. Hut as some of the im mense centrifugal pumps in some of the largest streams exhaust the water faster than the strems supply it, it became evident that the acreage irrigable from these sources was necessarily limited. Then came the discovery that 8-inch bored wells, 150 feet deep, would each supply 100 acres of rice with all the water re quired; also, the fact that gangs of wells could be made and connected, and all worked by one pump and en gine. This solved the irrigation ques tion for about 7,000,000 acres of land, and the result is that this section of country is being bored full of holes, with a full assurance that either wa ter or oil in paying quantities will be secured. There is very little uncer tainty about the mutter. If you bore to water and don't like the taste of it, go deeper and get gas; and if g:is is too light, go on downward and get oil. You can bore yo';r hide and take your choice. The result is, that rice growing on the gulf coast has had a more rapid development than any agricultural specialty ever had in any country or in any age. The simpfe ti.pt Ml to 23 per acre, net yield, is about the average, and that j ....is L-a.i ie prepared and grown to maturity by one man with team and tools, makes this more profitable to the grower than any other staple crop. lexas rnrm and Hunch. How the Crop of Tubers May Doubled Without Incurring Additional Eincnse. Be Most any cultivator of sweet pota toes must have observed that, whilst mall, rusty plants never amount to anything, the reverse is not always .me. for frenuentl.v the thriftiest. vines in the patch furnish a supera .buiidnnce of fibrous roots, but no po tatoes whatsoever. Then again, there HERE AND THERE. Dr. Greene's Nervura blood and nerve remedy Is Indeed "the World's Great Spring Medicine." It has come to be recognized by almost everybody as the best possible spring medicine to take, and hundreds of thousands of our people use it during the Ty ing spring months, to tone up anew the relaxed nerves, and re-invigorate and enrich the blood. A spring medicine is a necesnity if one wishes to keep in perfect health and vigor during the changes from winter to summer. This grand spring tonic, this perfect spring medicine, Dr. Greene's Xervura blood and nerve remedy, is exactly what the system needs at this season. It not only purifies, but makes rich, red blood; it not only strengthens and invigorates the nervous system, but re-energizes and revitalizes the nerves by feeding them with renewed nerve force and power. It Is not only an aid to diges tion, but it creates a regular, natural and healthy action of the bowels, liv er, kidneys, which in the spring are always sluggish and innctive. In fact, it is just what people need to make them well and keep them well during these months, so threatening tothuhealth of all, and when it is con sidered that Dr. Greene's Nervura blood and nerve remedy is made en tirely from pure, health-giving vege table remedies, and that people give it more testimonials of cure than any other remedy on earth, no one can doubt that it is the very best spring remedy for everybody to use. Mr. Uustave Lelbach, of 337 First St., Jersey City, X. J., says: "Iwas troubled with sick headaches, and could not sleep on account of the pains in my head. I was suffering night and day with dyspepsia, could not eat anything, my stomach would sour so. I had to starve myself to have any ease. I had to give up work at last, I was so nervous and miserable, and I was falling away in flesh so that my friends hardly knew me. I tried several remedies, but without avail At last someone recommended Dr. Greeue'sNervurablood and nerve rem edy. I tried one bottle and began to improve. I started in to cat all right; then I picked up my health; my head' aches disappeared, and my weakness and sour stomach went away. I used three bottles, andcould sleep all night with case; I used six bottles, and felt like a new man. I can now do a hard day's work without any trouble, and I am as happy as a bird in spring. I was so miserable, always suffering, always in pain, but nowfl am like a new man." Use Dr. Greene's Nervura blood and nerve remedy this spring, for it is the discovery and prescription of a well- known physician, Dr. Greene, of 35 W. 14th St., New York City, who is responsible for its beneficial action, and who can be consulted free of charge, personally or by letter. State or Onio, Citt of Toledo, I ,, Lucas Countv, I Frank J. Cheney inukcs oath that lie istht senior partner of the linn of F. .1. Cheney A Co., doing business in the city of Toledo. County and iState aforesaid, nnd that eiiici firm will pay the sum of One Hundred Dol lars for each and every case of catarrh that cannot he cured by tho use of Hall's Catarrh Cure. FRANK J. CHENEY. Kworn to before me und subscribed in my presence, this 0th day of December, A. D. 1888. A. W. GLEASOX, Seal Notary Public. Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally and acts directly on the blood and mucous sur faces of the svstem. Send for testimonials, free. F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O. Sold by druggists, 75c. Hall's Family Pills are the best. Passed the Axe I.lmlt. Miss OMgirle-Oh, did you say I was cronuetta or a coquette? Mr. Sourdron A croouette. "What a strange mistake! Whatever made vou sav 'cronuette?' " "Hecause they don't make croquettes out of spring chickens." Baltimore American. Low to the HELP FOR WOKEN WHO ARK ALWAYS TIRED. " I do not feel very well, I om so tired all the time. I do not know what is the matter with me." You hear these words every day ; as often as you meet your friends just so often are these words repeated. More than likely you speak the same signifi cant words yourself, and no doubt you do feel far from well most of the time. Mrs. Ella Rice, of Chelsea, Wis., whose portrait we publish, writes that she suffered for two years with bear, ing-down pains, headache, backache, and hadallklndsof miserable feelings, all of which was caused by falling and inflammation of the womb, and after doctoring with physicians and numer ous medicines she was entirely cured b Rate Winter Taura Sunny South. The Mobile & Ohio will run Special Low Rate Excursions, good until June the first, permitting invalids and others to stop at tirst-cias notels enroute at very nominal rates to all points in Alabama, Mississippi, lieorgia, Morula, Ludr, central ana ooum America. Low Rate liomeseeker's 1st and 3rd Tuesday of each month. One Way Set tler a tame aays at ery iow mies. any ticket agent or J. T. Poe, G. T. M Mobile, Ala. C. M. Shepnrd, G. P. A.. Mobile, Ala. M. H. Nohreer, 1). P. A., 351 Marquette Bldg., Chicago, 111., 7 We Fort Street, De troit, Alien. The Very Latest. Customer Here's a piece of goods that should make nice trousers, but the strijies don't appear to be straight. They're curved, aren't they? lailor ies, they curve outward, you no tice, lhat cloth is designed especially for bow-legged gents. Philadelphia Press. There I a ClaM of People Who are injured by the use of coffee. Re cently there has been placed in all the gro cery stores a new preparation called GRAIN O, made of pure grains, that takes the-place of collee. The most delicate stom ach receive it without distress, and but few can tell it from coffee. It does not cost over i as much. Children may drink it with great benefit. 15 cts. and 25 cts. per pack age. Try it. Ask for GRAIX-O. Out of His Line. "Ah, Littleton! Tht very man for the emergency. I have a grave problem to submit to you. "A grave prob lem to me? Why, I m no undertaker." Boston Courier. There la No Death from Croup, Pneumonia and Diphtheria, if lloxsie's Croup Cure is used promptly. No opium to stupefy the brain. No ipecac to nauseate the stomach. Sold hy druggists. 60 cents. A. P. Hoxsie, ml r, liutialo, JN. l Jack "Did Miss Withers make him wait for an answer?" Arthur "Yes: it was 15 minutes before they could bring her to." lown lopics. Dnuts have their uses, but don't store them in your .stomach. Beeman's Pepsin Gum aids the natural forces to perform their functions. Mas. Ella Bicb . Lydia E. Plnkham's Vegetable Com pound. If you are troubled with pains, fainting spells, depression of spirits, reluctance to go anywhere, headache, backache, and always tired, please re member that there is - an absolute remedy which will relieve you of your suffering as it did Mrs. Rice. Proof is monumental that Lydia E. Pink ham's Vegetable Compound is tho greatest medicine for suffering women. No other medicine has made the cures that it has, and no other woman has helped so many women by direct advice as has Mrs. Pinkham; her experience is greater than that of any living per son. If you are sick, write and get her advice ; her address is Lynn, Masa. "Lots of people who are waiting for an opportunity, observed Irving Tonne, the philosopher, "would have to have an intro duction to one if it should come to them." Indianapolis Newt. To Cure n Cold In One Day Take Laxative Bromo Quinine Tablets. All d ruggisi s rcfu nd money if it fails to cure. 25c. Any fool can run the universe; the wise man is lie who can run his own house. Ham's Horn. Winter with Hale's llonev of llorehouiid and far. Pike's Toothache Drops Cure in one minute. Fortify Feeble Lungs Against ot no An old bachelor says that marriage is a synonym for trouble. Chicago Daily News. The great public schools of the large cities use Carter's Ink exclusively. It is the best and costs no more than the poorest. Get it. The thinner the wine of wisdom the fast er it will run out. Ruin's Horn. Piso's Cure for Consumption is an infalli ble medicine for coughs nnd colds. N. V. Samuel, Ocean Grove, X. J., Feb. 17, 1900. It is easy to recover from another man's adversity. Ram's Horn. m i THE GENUINE POMMEL SLICKED M.ACS.0STELLOW WILL KEEP YOU DRY NOTHING ELSE WILL LOOK FOR A60VE TRADE MABHTAtt NO JUMTlTUIEil CATALOGUES FREC SHOWING FULL LINE OP GARMENTS AND HATS A J TOWER CO.. BOSTON, InSor 4Yearsan Independence Is Assured If yon take up your homes In We.tern Canada, tbe land of plenty. Illus trated pampblels. Riving experiences of farmers wbo bare become wealthy In growing wbet, reports of delegates, etc., and full Information . to rwluwn railway rates can t bad on. application to tbe Superintendent of Immigration. Department of Interior, Ottawa, Canada, or addreta the Under lunert, who will mall you atlases, pamphlets, eto fro3 of cost. F. I'EDCltT. BP5:,,0,im1lArJt'1,Jl Ottawa. Canada, or to C. J. UUOl-UM TON. 13 IH omul nock B I ... Ctalpao. and J. S. Cba w rmin 514 West utb Street. Kan.m Clty.Uo.) K.T. iloLMM, TUa bales, Indianapolis, Znfi. Iffl READERS OF THI9 PAPER 1IKS1KINU TO HUT ANYTHING ADVEUT1SKD IN IT8 COLUMNS SHOULD INSIST I'PON HAVING WHAT THEY ASK FOR, REFUSING ALL SUBSTITUTES OR IMITATIONS. Yood usbes ure good on uny crop. Will pny on your jrniHH nnd under cot ton and peas. They contuin an excel lent form of potash, eusily available to most crops. Tbe Georgia legislature enacted a law protecting mocking birds, then refused to pass a law curtailing the abuse of child labor in the factories. It protects cur dogs and kills a provi sion for the spread of agricultural knowledge through farmers' insti tutes. Kvery one is interested in having good rouds. They ure a public bless ing, free and open to nil. Husiness of all kinds is benefited by easy, safe and rupiil communication. With nil the abuse that can be heaped upon a fat hen because she does not luy, she brings more in the market than any other kind of poul try, except turkey, and at times the difference in fuvor of the turkey is very little. As consumers are willing to pfly good prices for fat hens, it is best to sell' them as soon as they ceusc lay ing, if in a very fat condition, as the time required to get such hens to the proper coidition for laying again may be weeks, or even months. Farmers sometimes in planning work for the season do not make suf ficient nlowance for wet weather, und other unavoidable causes of delay. The safe plan is to hedge against such contingencies by commencing early and keeping studily at it as long as conditions permit. r 1 It's all in the Quality 'When you buy a piece of Wetmore's Best Tobacco you get your value in good tobacco. The best Burley, leaf grown, the purest flavor ing known, carefully prepared and skillfully blended. No premiums can be offered when the worth of the tobac co is all in the quality. Ask your dealer for Wetmore's Best. The tobacco that sells on its merit. Made only by M. C.WETUE TOBACCO CO., ST. LOUIS, M0. Tht Largest Independent Factory in America,