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SEQUACHEE, TENN., THURSDAY, OCT., 8, 1896.
Principal Inject Enemies
of the Grape.
That the grape is distinctively an an(j tne other subsisting on the roots
American plant is indicated by the arui causing analogous enlargement
fact that our indigenous wild species or swellings. The leaf form is the
number nearly as many as occur in raost noticeable one and is very c orn
all the world besides. It is not to mon 011 our wlj and cultivated
be wondered at, therefore, that this vnieSt 'pne root foim is rarely seen,
continent is responsible also for the but is the cause of much of the real
chief enemies of the vine, both insect injury done by this insect to the vine
and fungous, an, for example, the anj wnlie hidden and usually unrec
grape phylloxera, which, in capacity 0gnized, its work is so disastrous to
for harm, takeu the world over, out- varieties especially liable to attack
ranks all other vine evils together, tnat death in a few years is almost
and such blighting fungous diseases certain to result. It fiist produces
as the two mildews and the black enlargements or little galls on fhe
rot. The rapid growth of the vine rootlets. As it extends to the larger
industry in this country and the in- root3 thege become swollen and bro
creasing cultivation of the less vigor- ken an(j finally the outer portion de
ous European grapes make it desir- composes and rots, and the roots ul
able to consider briefly, from the timately die. With the muhiplica
standpoint of remedies, its leading tion 0f the root lice and their exteu
insect enemies. Blon to all parts of the root system,
Upward of 200 different insects : tne vine st0p8 growing, the leaves
have already been listed as occurring become sickly and yellowish, and in
on the vine in this country, and the tne iast stages the phylloxera disap
records of the department alone refer ; pears altogether from the decompos.
to over 100 different insects. Few e& anj rotting roots, and the cause
of these, however, are very serious 0f death i8 obscure to one not f amil
enemies, being either of rare occur-; j.ir witn the insect Many cases of
rence, or seldom numerous, and for jeath ascribed to drought, overbear
practical purposes the few species ing) winterkilling, etc., are undoubt
considered below include those of ecuv jue to the presence of the root
real importance, iney are me
grape phylloxera, the grapevine fidia;
both chiefly destructive to the roots; !
the cane-borer, destructive to the j
young snoots; the leat-hopper, tne .
llea-b-etie, rose-chafer, with its al
lies, and leaf-folder, together with
hawk moths and cut- worms, damag
ing foliage, and the grape berry moth
the principal fruit pest.
The extent of the loss that fre
quently ensues from these insects
may be understood by reference to a
few instances. The phylloxera when
at its worst had destroyed m France
some 2,5000,000 acres of vineyards,
representing an annual loss in wine
products oi iou,uuu,vuv, aim
x1 rencu jruveiiiLueut uo cijcuucu
up to 1895 in phylloxera work over
$4,500,008 and remitted taxes to the
amount $3,000,000 more. The grape
vine fidia, on the authority of an
Ohia correspondent, in a single sea
Ron in one vineyard killed 400 out of
500 strong 5-year-old vines. The
prominent leaf delolutors as the rose
Iiwitroy or vastly injure the crop over
large districts, and the little leaf-hopper,
though rarely preventing a par
tial crop, is so uniformly present and
widely distributed as to probably levy
a heavier tribute on the grape in this
country than any other insect.
These insects are, however, all
amenable to successful treatment,
and the loss may be very consider
ably limited if the proper methods of
control are followed out. There are
no remedies which apply generally to
grape iusects except the highly im
portant considerations of clean cult
ure and particularly the prompt col
lection of prunings and leaves in the
fall. The latter will very materially
check most of the leaf insects and !
Other remedies are
particulized under each species.
Tiie Grapevine Phylloxera.
This insect has always existed on
our wild vines, yet it was not until it
was introduced abroad and began to
ravage the vineyards of the Old
World that particular attention was
drawn to it as a vine pest, or that
anything definite was known of its
habits. It appears in two destructive
forms on the vine, the one forming
little irregular sperical galls project
ing from the underside of tne leaves
The abundance of galls on the
jeaves ig not m indication of the pres
euce of the root louse in any nura-
bers, but, in fact, the reverse of this
also true; while on the other hand
the destructive abundance of the lice
on the roots is often, if not usually,
accompanied by little, if any, ap
pearance of the leaf form. This is
particularly noticeable with the Eu
ropean grapes, which are very sus
ceptible to phylloxera and rapidly
succumb to it, yet rarely show leaf
cralls. American crapes, on the
! contrary, are generally very resistant
; t0 tne root form, and yet are espec-
ially subject to the leaf-gall insect.
Certain varieties, as the Clinton,
which are most resistant to the form
er are especially subject to the latter.
U. S. Agricultural Department.
(To be continued.)
T. II. Baker, Jr., Candidate For the
State Senate Will Address
the People At
Burroughs Chapel, 1st. Dist.,
Thursday, Oct. 8, 1 p. m.
Oak Grove School nouse, 1st. Dist.,
Thursday night, Oct. 8, 7:30 p. m.
Dripping Springs, 2nd. Dist., Fri
day morning, Oct. 9, 11 a. m.
Pocket School-house, 2nd. Dist.,
Oct. 9, 2:30 p. m.
Sequachee. Friday night, Oct. 9,
7:30, p. m.
A cordixl invitation is extended,
and a division of time will be grant
ed the opposing candidate, Hon. J.
Everybody is invited to be present.
J. B. Eldridge has moved to his
lM " ' iU 'T l T ,V
; r f 1 lw TI,i,.ntAn dotntn
norm oi mis piace. nu wm im
prove the property right along now,
and has made great changes already.
Subscription received this week
from J, V. Graham for B. F. Lasa
tei a former resident of this place
wri0 is now enjoying prosperity and
Texas cyclones at Euun.
Subscribe for the News.
T. II. Baker, Jr., to-morrow night.
Jess Coppinger was in town Mon
day. Moon and Marchbanks at Jasper
Miss Belle Francis was in town
Brittain Bros, changed their 'ad'
this week. '
Rev. J. W. Robertson was in town
Maj. T. II. Hill went to Jasper
Mr. W. B. Stewart, of Jasper, was
in town Tuesday.
Jim Smith, of Kelley's Ferry paid
us a visit Saturday.
Mrs. It. J. Brown and child went
to Whit well Tuesday.
Baker and Guun will speak at the
school house Friday night.
Miss Sallie Pryor has been sick of
late but is now recovering.
Mrs. R. J. Brown has just recov
ered from an attack of the fever.
Mrs. C. II. Davidson and Mrs. L.
W. Gabel went to Jasper Tuesday.
There was quite a large att end-
ance at the speaking Saturday night.
Mrs. J. W. Graham is slowly re
covering from the effects of the fev
er. George A. Smith, representing the
Chattanooga Times, was in town
Mathew Pryor went to Whitwell
Tuesday. He expects to move there
Who was the boy that got
pletely left Sunday night?
Sour grapes lom.
Misses Kittie Brown and Maude
Brown were visiting Mr. aud Mrs.
Mac Burnett was engaged last
week in the highly useful occupation
of making sorghum.
J. A. Spears, of Sequachee, is now
enrolled among the News subscribers
and still they come.
Silas McNabb, of Kelley's Ferry,
remembered this office in an appreci
ated way Saturday.
Gabel & Brown are running regu
larly and are in shape now to fill any
kind of building order.
The News inserts new advertising
this week, of the A. C. Meyer Co.,
relating to cough syrup.
II. Kent has nearly completed his
new house and nothing preventing
will move in this week.
This office is in receipt of a valu
able pamphlet on Patents issued by
John Wedderburn & Co.
The poor, old Constitution of the
Stato of Tennessee is not worth any
thing so let us get a new one.
What in the wTorld has become of
that mountain road? Speak up, gen
tlemen, and lot us hear from you.
Miss Janie Francis spent Sunday
with home folks. She has just re
covered from a severe attack of ton-silitis.
Mrs. C. II. Pearson, Mrs. C. E.
Cunningham, MissjBettie Pryor and
Miss Alta Brown visited the school
It don't pay to grumble. Not a
bit. Just be as cheerful as a roostr
on a rail fence and let the other fel
R. J. Brown is a funny man. He
was out distributing circulars and
handed us one af our own manufact
ure. Oh, Jeffereou!
The Dramatic Society held its
regular monthly meeting Satirdav
nisrht. No business was done be-
yond meeting and adjourning.
Next Saturday is the regular
meethifrof the G. A. It. and the S m s
of Veterans and a large, if i ot the
largest, attendance is expected.
Mrs. J. B. Eldridge and Miss Alta
Brown called to see Mrs. J. W.
Graham and Mrs. R. J. Brown Mon
day and found them much better.
Two hundred and seventy pounds
of valves were shipped Tuesday to
Mobile. Ala., in sizes ranging from
one inch to two and a half inches.
We are glad to learn from Mr.
Geo. A. Smith, representing the
Times, that the News is the best pa
per4in the Valley which is very true.
Rev. Jacob Houts reports the
prayer meeting instituted by hi at
Owen Church as being well attend
ed. Now let these meetings be
We don't want any more people
sick here, and if the hogs and cattle
were put where thev belong, we
should have been spared what we
Miners are constantly being hurt
by falling slate at Whitwell lately,
and mostly through carelessness.
Another man bv the name of Lane
was hurt Monday.
We have lots of confidence but
we find it don't buy food and con e
quently we have to wear Cleveland
badges on our breeches as our confi
dence wont buy us" new ones.
Last Thursday Mr. C. II. Pearson
was 'owled' through the kindness of
Rev. Jacob Houts. Mr. Pearson re -
cently loet two of that species and
has been unconsolable ever since.
A Republican campaign docu
ment in the shape oi an alleged
speech of the Hon. Chas. A. Towne,
f Minnesota, to the House of Rep
resentees, for tree silver, arrived
at this office Tuesday.
P. L. Brewer who supplies us
with meat is making many friends
here. The people appreciate his
neatness and polite attention. What
people like is to have what they
want delivered nice and promptly.
Mr. J. T. Byrum sends to the
News the following names, J. M.
Heniger and W. S. Raulston, both of
Doran's Cove, and A. Stuart, of Co
penhagen, to be entered as subscrib
ers, lie also sends an article on
'Hope' which wo will insert next
Be it on record that on tho 5th
day of October, 189G, at 5:15 p. m.,
Prof. II. K. Tae, surrounded by a
galas y of assenting admirers, assert
ed that when the polls closed on
election day, Bryan would be the
worst licked man that ever ran for
the Presidency of the United States.
Tatom at Sequachco.
Satuaday evening last substan
tially all the citizens of Sequachee,
and some trom the surrounding
countr were at the school h mse,
and notably aruoung the audience
some ladies for the first political
meeting of the campaign.
The meeting was called to order
at 7 o'clock by Maj. T. H. Hill,
who in a few preliminary remarks
emphasized the importance of re
form in Tennessee and introduced -as
the first speaker, W. B. Stewart,
E.:q., of Jasper, who made an ins
telligent presentation of the poii
cal situation from a democratic
He was followed by Byron E.
Tatom. the candidate of the Dem
ocrats and Reformers mr represent
tative. Mr. Tatom briefly discus
ised national politics and then pas
ted to local issues evoking genuine
applause. At the close in answer
to interrogatories, he expressed
himself in favor of reform in State
alfairs, economy and retrenchment
unqualifiedly in favor of the revise
ion of the revision of the State
Constitution, thn improvement of
the laws of the laws relating to fees
public schools and publit roads.
Bting pointedly asked if he was in
favor of local option in incorpora-
ted towns, he answered emphatic-
allp tha'- he believed the people
should have the right to vote on
all matters affecting their local in
terests The meeting then adjourned
Next Friday evening Mr. T. H.
Bakei, Jr., of the Republican, can
didate for state Senator will speak
at the same time and place, and as
we understand Mr. cater is anx
ious for State reform, we want ev-
erybody to go and hear him.
A Chance to Mate Money.
In the past three months I have
cleared $G60.75 selling Dish Wash
ers. I did most of the work, my
brother helped me some. I expect
to do better next month, as every
Dish Washer sold advertises itself,
and sells several more; 1 don't have
to leave the house. People hear
abcut the Dish V ushers and send
lor them, thev are so cheap. Any
lady or gentleman can make moni
ey in this business, every family
wants a Dish Washer Any of our
readers who have energy enough to
apply for an agency can easily
make from 8 to 10 dollars a day.
You can get full particulars by ad
dressing the Moumi Citv Dish
Washer Co., St. Louis, Mo. Try it
and publish your success for ti e
benefit of others. . C. A. D.
White Pelican Captured.
Murphree.boro, Sept. 26. An
immense white pelican was captur
ed on the weht fork of Stone's riv
er about five miles northwest of
here yesterdav and brought to
town this morning. The fowl was
one of the handbonu st and uicst
imposing of its kind ever seen hiru
His beak was fif.een inches long
and when any one came within
striking distance of him his bird
ship never failed to bring it into
Judge Moon and Col. Marchbanks
speaks at Whitwell Friday night; at
Jasper Saturday, at South Pittsbur
Saturday night and at Whiteside
Monday. AU should turn out
give them a hearty reception.