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4 :0 !?i IMS VOL. 4. SEQUACHEE, TENN., THURSDAY, OCT., 15, 1896. NO. IB ;! t-J 1 1 C 1i n GR4.PE ENEMIES. Tho Phylloxera. History and Habits. The phylloxera wa3 carried to year after year, as in the case with France about 1859, on rooted Araer- European vines, on the- leaves of ican jvines, and has since spread which galls rarely occur. Under ex through the principal vine districts ceptional circumstances all of the of southern Europe, extending also different stages mny be passed intojAlgeria and and through south- throuih in a single year. The ern Russia into the adjoining conn- young from leaf galls may also be tries of Asia. It has also been carried easily colonized on the roots, and it tOjNew Zealand and south Africa is probable that the passage of the In this country it was at first known young from the leaves to the roots only in the region east of the Rocky may take place at amy time during Mountains, but was after found in the summer. . The reverse of this California, where, however, it is con-' process, or the migration of the young fined .practically to the vine districts directly from the roots to the leaves of the Napa and Sonoma valleys. has never been observed. The lite cycle of the phylloxera The complicated details noted a is a complicated one. It occurs m bove were only obtained after years four forms in the following order: of painstaking research, conducted The leaf-gall form (gallicola), the by the late Professor Riley in this root or destructive form (radicicola), country and many careful investiga te winged or colonizing form, and tors in France, the sexual form. The leaf-gall insect The distribution of phylloxera is, produces from 500 to 500 eggs for first, by means of the winged females; each individual, the root-inhaoiting second, by the escape, usually in late insect not much above 100 eggs, the summer, of the young root lice winged insect from 3 to 8, and the through cracks in the soil and their last or sexed insect but 1 egg. This migration to neighboring plants; last is the winter and may be taken third, by the carrying of the young as a starting point of the. life cycle, leaf-gall lice by winds or other agen I t is laid in the fall on old wood, cies, such as birds or insects, to dis and hatches, the spring following, tant plants; fourth, by the ship into a louse, which goes at once to a ping of infested rooted plants or cut young leaf, in the upper surface of ting with winter eggs. By the last which it plants its beak. The suck- means the phylloxera has gained a ing and irritation soon cause a de- world-wide distribution; the others pression to form about the young account for local increase. Agricult louse, which grows into a gall pro- ural Department, jecting on the lower side of the leaf. (To be continued.) In about fifteen days the louse be- m m. comes a plump, orange-yellow, full- Churning Done In One Minute, grown, wingless female, and fills its I have tried the Lightning Chum gall with small yellow eggs, dying you recently d scribed in your pa soon after. The eggs hatch m about per, and it is certainly a wonuer. eight days into young females again, I can churn in less than one min like the parent, - and migrate to all ute, and the butter is elegant, and parts of the vine to form new galls. you get considerably more butter Six or seven generations of these than when you. use a common wingless females follow one anotlu.iv churn, I took the agency for the thoughout the summer, frequently churn here and every butter mak completely studding the leaves with er that sees it buys one. I have galls. "With the approach of cold sold three dozen and they give the weather the young pass down the Dest f satisfaction. I know I can vines to the roots, where they re-j se 0 in this township, as they main dormant until spring. The churn so quickly , make so much root is then attacked and a series of DlHter than common churns and subterrean generations of wingless are 60 cheap. Some one in every females is developed. The root township can make two or three form differs but slightly frm the in- hundred dollars selling these habitant of the leaf galls, and the'cllUJr'n ' J adrJre?sinS J F swellings or excrescence on the e7 (te1Lo'' bt' iV18' vou can Ret rrT&pre analogous to those on the leaVea. During late summer and fall oi"""l "JTr ' V?S the second year some of the root lice' give rise to winged females which escape through cracks in the soil on warm brignt days and fly to neigh boring vines These winged lice lay their eggs within a day or two in frrnnnTof two or four in crack in th bark or beneath lose bark on the old of tho vine and die soon after. The The eggs are of two sizes, the small-! er or fewer in number yielding males 7 . . j J n, in nine or ten days, and the larger, the females of the only sexed gener-! tion deve oped in the whole life - round of the insect. In this last and sexed stage the mouth parts of both sexes are rudimentary, and no food at all is taken. The insect is very minute and resembles the newly hatched loue of either the gall or the root form. The single egg of the larva-like female ofter fertihza- tion rapidly increase in nze until it iiils the entire holy of the mother and is laid within ttiree or four days, bringing us back to the winter egg I or starting point. This two-year old life is not nec essary to the existence of the species and the root form may and usually does go on in successive broods circuiars, a .Iu" miorraation so can make big money right at 1, ,1 .w-. . T K.. J.. crv .i rV'Tr .T Bum anything before in my life. A Farmer. Sep3,lt The New Hook Spoon Free to All. I read in the Christian Standard that Mis 4. M- Fritz Station A., bt tLTs 0-' lwou,d glve an ele gantp.ated hook spoon to anyone 8en?lfi,R heF t6n, ?'C6,t .staraPs' , Tfor,ne n und it so useful that 1 showed it to my friends, and maJe nQQ . f - n orderg f(jr the h is a houeeold necegsity. It Cdmiot A- int0 the (,Uh Qr V(S.e,? being heM in the kce , J nnok on tlle oack The ep0Ol ia gomething that housekeepers have needed ever since spoons were fust invented. Anyone can get a earn ptt ppoon bv sending ten 2-cent stamps to Miss Fritz. This is a splendid way to make money n- round home. Ytrv truly, Jeanuette S. S.3 lot LOCAL. s Miss Sarah Abies went to Jasper Saturday. Mr. and Mrs. Smith were in Jas per Saturday. Job printing of the neatest and best kind promptly done at this of fice. Nick Ful fur has moved to the place recently occupied by James Abies. W. S. PryorV, school closed Mon day, liaison, too cold to teach in the open air. A Baptist preacher by the name of Ashley held services at the church 3Ionday evening. James Spears has moved his fami ly to the Mansfield house just vaca ted by Nick Fulfur. Henry Kent and W. C. Hill went to Whitwell Sunday, and found the atmosphere slightly moist. The Annual Meeting of the Manu facturing Company has been contin ued until Tuesday, Nov. 11, at 4 p. m. The Western Union Telegraph construction train was here this week putting up new wireB and cross pieces. A. W. Lewis, of Victoria, went to Nashville to hear Bryan speak and came back boiling over with enthus iasm for his candidate. Through the courtsey ot Mr. Ham mock the Junior Editor enjoyed a ride to Jasper Saturday to hear Moon and Marchbanks. Messrs Dykes and Waddell will address the voters of Sequach.ee at the School house Wednesday, Oct. 21, 1 p. m. All are requested to at tend. J.M.Ables moved last Tuesday week to his larm at Dunlap. Lum Houts, his son-in-law, assisted him to move and returned Wednesday night. E. W. McCurry, of Brownsville, was in Jasper Saturday, and pleas antly remembered the News. His school will continue about six weeks longer. . Miss Kate Lewis, of Victoria, at tended the speaking at Jasper, Sat urday. She says Moon's effort was the most studied piece of oratory she everheard. Gustafson Bros., have been cast ing this week some brass rods and bearing boxes for engine 33 belong ing to the T. C. I. Co., stationed at South Pittsburg. Rev. Jacob Houts has bought a pure bred bull pup. The boys say he has so many weddings down his way that he has taken this as a rem edy to keep them away. R.J.Brown, Chris. Wagner, C. II. Davidson and a host of other Se- quachee-ites listened to Moon Marchbanks Saturday and slili we can't have a voting place here. Marchbanks said that if you took off the hat of a gold bug and exam ined his head you would find a soft spot in the centre of the top of it which denoted that lie had either just come from, or was going to a lunatic asylum. Several of Jasper's leading citizens were examiued in that way at once, Our friend, Mrs. Norm, is in great trouole because . someone appropri ated her glasses without leave. They were gold-bound spectacles which she has had for twelve years and she thought a great deal of them. A drummer representing Chris tian Feper, the great tobacco manu facturer of St Louis, who employs 1500 men was in town Tuesday. lie reported a good business, having sold over 400 pounds at Jasper Mon day. A. J. Payne, of Chattanooga, is visiting his cousin, Lum Houts. Mi. Payne is a painter by trade and while he is in town Lum is going to have him paint his house in the prettiest style that paint or money can make it. Austin Coppinger caught three coons last W ednesday week, two Thursday, two Friday morning, and at last reports was seen going to the mountain with his eyes wide open and declaring that he was going to get them all or perish in the attempt. There is a movement on foot to raise enough money to get the elec tion returns and news delivered com plete in this town election night. Put your hands down into your pock ets, gentlemen, and a little all around will tell you a good many things you never dreamed ot. Will Burnett captured a coon last week above Austin Coppinger's that weighed nearly twenty pounds when dressed. Last Saturday nij-ht in Sweeten's cove he caught four coons and a possum, and another coon Monday morning before lie bft. How's that for coon and possom hunting? We do not know what ails our fool cherry tree, but it keeps on blooming and has blossoms and cher ries at the same time. We do not know what is the cause except that it may be put down to a case of over confidence. It cannot be the Wilson Bill, perhaps it caused by the other liius wnicn are now people to vote for them. TMI 1 worrying Mr. Sherman h making arrange ments to put in at least 100 acres of land in wheat this fall. This is right The lands have been corned to death almost. It is of great impor tance that the land should be kept up and to keep on letting the lands be made weaker and poorer is not good policy. He also contemplates putting in some strawberries which would be a good thing for the place and section. Hamilton County., has hundreds of acres, Marion none. Why not? Hon. Woodbury L Melcher loet about two-thirds of the little linger of this left hand while moving a vinegar cask at his home Thurs- and-klay. The finger was caught be tween the cask and iron post and crushed to a jelly. News and Crit ic, Laconia, N. II. Ve are sorry to learn of Mr. Mol cher's accident and have no doubt he feels like the soldier of Salem, Ma?s., did when run over by an hon-e car. "Only fancy,'' said he, 'three years' v.-rviee and then be lamed by a bob-tailed horse car." In Mr. M's case it was only a bar rcl of vinegar. Killcbrew On Immigration. We are in receipt of a pamphlet on Southern Immigration issued by thaN.. C. & St. II. R. in the in terests of the country lying contig- uous to their line," which is evi- dently tho work of Col. Killebrew, their immigration agect. It is the fiist pamphlet that wo have seen since; we came South, which did not inflnte the excel lence of the country until it wan like a gigantic gas baj;. It calmly and deliberately tells the peop'e what to expect and then what not, to expect and some of these latter points we condense as follows: "Do not expect to to get lanes of the same productive capacity as those in New York State for'onetenth their value Do not expect to have a winter so mild as to mnko tho leediijf. of stock unnecessary. Do not expect to attain success without hard work. In answer to a question which class is wanted the most, Col. KiU lebrew Fays: '-I answer unhesitat ingly any class that will produce. There .is room for many small farm ers, and there the State meds, ior the further development of its rough wealth, 1,000,000 skilled Ian boreis and artisans. As for trad ers and professional men, the sup ply is equal to the demand. Nor doea this region need any more of what is called cheap labor, that is labor that can be hired at a small price to do. a small amount of work in an unsatisfactory manner. We want laborers who are intelli gent enocgb to think, and wi?e enough to be honest, and prudent enough to save their money and buy their own homes." There are many good things which wo would like to quote but space forbids their insertion. Ti.ereare chapters on the various crops that can be raised along the line ot this railroad,' ou what a man can do with 82 000, climate of the Northwestern States and Trn nessee compared, on fruit raising on the Cumberland Plateau, on stock raising and a description of the new colony at Hohenwa'd in Lewis county. From all states ments the Swiss there seem a deal more satisfied than the Grand Army veterans ot Fitzgerald, Ga., and there is every reac-on to expect that they are right, as Tent essee is the middlb ground between the North and South, and thus should have none of the extreme disad vantages of either. A Great Politician. The greatest politician in tho world has just been discovered. Ho is a Chinaman, and keep a iaund ry in Patterson, N. J. Recently he decorated his shop with a Hag, which on one side reads. "Vote for McKin'ey and Hobart." This prr ticularwde fncrsan avenue thiough which many Ii publicans are wont to walk The other side I ears this inscription: 'Vote for Bryan, Sew all and Free Silver!" and faces a street where m.my Democrats pa?s. When aske1 to avow his political belief, this diplomatic Chine man said, with a wink: ' Gohiie, silvi alio- sainee waheo shirtr f.jr ull Melicin man!'' North w stern. Chionicle. More weddings appear to be on the docket in spite ot the hard times. SCHOOL TABLETS tor ga;u ul this ollicc.