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Jim II VOL. XIV. SEQUACHEE. TENN.; THURSDAY, JAN. 10, 1907. NO. 27. S ( SOUTHERN STEEL . MINES Coal Washer Great Factor in Coke Making. TO OPEN MORE MINES TO BUILD MORE OVENS Process of Development In creasing, and New Railway Planned Will Mean a Great Deal More. The plant of the Southern Steel com pany at Dunlap, is interesting to those who like to examine the art by which man triumphs over nature,, and turns the wealth from her vast storehouse into commercial use. A visit by'a News man Friday was very interesting. Accompanied by Tom Sullivan, editor of the Times which though now quiescent is bound to come, the tour of inspection was made. The works are situated nearly a mile west from Dunlap in the mouth of a narrow cove or defile and the first object noticeable is the handsome residence built by the former owner of the property, J. S. Hoffecker, who spent his own fortune and that of hia wife as well in a vain attempt to get the mines in full oieration, 1UD UOAfa UUJCUli v tuc boil Aiauiu v the washer and tipple combined.stand- un,l a nloml nf smoke from the TU t I .. A.UA ..11 frumn inir amid a cloud of smoke from the coke ovens, while a large rectangular I building to the right contains the com Ayjy's store and office. , Everything was in full swing stout ). endless ropes passing over massive wheels, coal rattling down concealed shutes with a rush and roar, and vol utiles of water rushing from least ex pected places, where divers mysterious looking buckets kept up an endless pro cession up to a dizzy height and then down again. We stepped into the en gine room where a small but stout en gine drives the machinery for the en tire works, tipple and washer. An other climb landed us on the platform where the washer is located and it was explained to us in a few brief words how the coal is washed and the slate separated from the smaller sizes. In the first place the coal vein is peculiar for having a a stratum of slate pierc ing it about the middle and while the miners carefully pick out the larger pieces before loading, still many small pieces get into the coal. Moreover the coal is not in a level stratum, being rolling in character, hence slate gets into it more often than ordinary coal of level stratum. To make a high grade of coke, and we understand that the coke made at Dunlap is consider ed strictly No. I, it is neeeesary tre- move all particles of slate. This is j ilon'J by me:ms of the washer. When the coal comes gliding down the incline to the tiptile it is imme diately emptied into a large bin at the ; if Mia etrnefrnra wherp it is Nevepii- I ed, the dirt, slate and small particles of coal falling in a large hopper' above the, washer, two large metal boxes swinging to a shaft which has a cam movement which lifts and sots the box- m up and down squarely, while a cur- rushing through thtlti, es the ghly i..if He ovens. ' have mean- rin tiie waiting while the shite another car to the 'roughly is the slate and d that no particles remain view from the top of the washer is Towards tlis! north stretches the ng loop of the incline t' the red , .aiut '.l houses at the top where the dinky, which conveys the ro:iI from the mines : mile distant to the west deliv ers its load. To the east is clustered the houses of Dunlap, with Walden's ridge closing t:ie backgruiid. with nianv sightly elevations between, to th south may be wi n glimpse of the hl'ev partly lioiilided by the extended f.it of Cumberland mountain, wl.lie to the west the view i s!n;t in by the rui'd little cove. From the ft of the tipple to the east tr"t' h"s a double row- " f ovens, burning merrily, with re. ii 1 lle Ol r.nwied c live. .oel tirgro s ii un t anions tie in. To the i'ouMo r"v w e: f o :i '.s aiiotVt r v, !id tii s.uiie i IIS bllsv wmes ImTved. Flanking t'ar at:oth- "siTei; 1 -iil't and viysh A I the ekts 7 er double row of ovens are to be seen, now under construction, with the ma sons and stoneworkers busily at work. Still another row of ovens will be ad ded next to those on the east, and on a line of track to connect with the new line being surveyed to the mines of the company now being opened at Brush Creek, nine miles from Dunlap, where three entries are being driven, one now being in 700 feet wit!) nine feet of fine coal. This line will also be used . by the N. C. & St. L. to get to the coal lands of the state, if the Kittel proper ty is purchased. The survey is now leing made and work of construction will begin as soon as the deal is con summated. Miners who have been driving the openings in Brush Creek report an enormous pile of coal at the dumping place, which, however will be consumed when the forest fires begin to rage. The output of coal is now alwut 400 tons per day, the larger per cent, be ing converted into coke, which is shipped into Chattanooga for use in the furnaces of the company in that city. A great many Whitwell men are em ployed in the mines, though still hav ing their mines in Whitwell. The com pany houses are all occupied, however, and present a neat appearance painted jn red and clinging to the side of the mountain. The company, we under stand, furnishes its employees a better class of houses than some other mining companies we know of, and should be credited with that good point. The following from the Chattanooga Times of Saturday, gives the reason for the building of the extension from Dunlap to Brush Creek and the South ern Steel Co's mines nine miles from -rx , i l s i Dn,.aP- aro n n d,0l e(3 ln Inference to constructing t branch line from Pikeville. "As soon as the purchase of the Her bert Domain by the State is completed a line will probably be constructed by the N. C. & St. L. Ry. from near Dun lap on the Pikeville division through the Herbert Domain and connecting with the Tracy City branch of the road at Coalmont, according to the state ment of Nashville road officials. This new road will enable the state to ship its coal either by way of Coalmont con necting with the main line of the Nashville road at Tracy City junction when intended for shipment to Nash ville or way points,' or by way of the Pikeville division through Dunlap and Bridgeport when intended for shipment to Chattanooga or connecting points. "The Herbert Domain is about twelve miles off the Pikeville division and a track this length would have to be constructed. This is only at the edge of the' property soon to be acquir ed by the state, and to get into the coal district of the property it would be necessary to construct a line some twenty miles farther. Even this would only give one outlet for the mines while two outlets could be secured by extending the branch leading into the estate mines to Coalmont on the Tracy City branch. "Such a line would considerably shorten the distance from Pikeville and any other point north of Dunlap on the Pikeville division, and Nashville, and furnish an additional outlet for coal and other traffic between Pikeville and Dunlap. "Work will be started on this line as soon as the acquisition of the Herbert Domain by the state of Tennessee is perfected. ' ' Chamberlain's Cough Remedy a Safe Medicine for Children In buying a cough medicine for ldren, never be afraid to buy Cham Iain's Cough Remedv. There is no uger from it, and relief is alwavs I sure to ronow. it is intended especi ally lor congns, folds, croup and whooping cough, and the. is no bet- j ter medicine in the world ior these 1 diseases. It is not onlv a certnin cure i Ior croup, out when given as Mxm as tlie croupy cough appears will prevent me mutcn. uoopmg couigll is noc dangerous win n this remedy is given as directed. It contains no opium or other harmful drugs, and may be giv en as confidently to a baby as to an adult. For sale by ,Tno. W. Simpson. CASTOR I A For Infants and Children. The Kind Ycu Have Always Saagfe Bears the Signature of WANTED AT SOUTH I'lTTSHUlMi . 41' 'Jit"! AH !' wm in 1 women Hosiery Mill ( ion.) i1 'li'.iti. w tim An 1 l,e .Itiiy orK dare roii:n. A rock Hosiery Mill.-. MEMPHIS, TENN. Sptiial to the News, As I haven't seen anything in the News from here in some time I will give a few dots. This is a New Year and Memphis is still here. I ant here too, but that's all. The rivet depart ment here has been closed down for nearly three weeks on account of no material. .Well "Wandering Boy, ' of Indian apolis, please go up to Terre Haute, get a move on the material and have it sent toward here. Xmas has passed and no one killed, but several scared to death. I would like to see a piece in the News every week from Whitwell by Mr. Griffith, as I am a Union boy from top to bottom. The non-Union lads came' to Tracy some two years ago and I left. I hope they will soon see where they are in the wrong. Let everybody, please, keep on the lookout for a gray one-eyed horse mule of Anderegg BroH. , of Tracy City. If he ever reaches here I will cabbage on to him. Come on, "Crank" and show "Un cle Gid" what Socialism is. Alabama was on the boom during the holidays as I spent a few days with friends below Birmingham. I am glad to hear of so many wed dings throughout the country. We wish them much joy. As I am a youngster and wanting to marry, if any of you girls want to marry here is your chance. Arthur Cunningham is visiting home folks at Tracy for a few days. It looks like East Tracy could write, as Xmas has passed i.nd they are not so busy, but what they could write a lit tle. Mr. and Mrs. E. S.. Duff ell made a flying trip to the river after some hol ly. The high water bluffed them. "Pitch" is our most delightful pas time as we haven't worked any for nearly three weeks. Emmett Haynes expects a letter ev ery day as he meets every mail and is only corresponding with six girls. Richard Pash and Miss Maggie Vic kory were out driving this afternoon. Oscar Haynes, Joe Wisemantle and several more attended the Masonic Lodge at Raleigh Springs Friday night. Let's hear from "Bill Dooley" and see if the old sow has ever showed up. I hear of our friend Ash Rollins, of Whitwell, being at Coalmont, tongue tied. The last time I was with him and Dr. Gattis they both seemed to be tongue-tied, but their tongues were tied in the center and loose at both ends. If I am not mistaken I crossed my feet under "Coperas Breeches" table a little over a year ago at Petros. Topique. Whiteside. Special to the Xews. A certain girl said Will Ketner was sure good looking' and had a swell watch. A couple were parted Saturday on a count to the man's selling his cow but we hope they will go back together. Grover Parker left Roope Saturday for Whitwell. He says he is going to bring a wife back with himr Arthur Parker is on the sick list this week. He has been veiy low for a few days. Miss Ellen Bailey said' George Obar was the prettiest boy on the mountain. Wonder who John Newsome and George Obar were looking for Friday when they were riding the cars. Wes Hicks left Roope Monday for Whitwell. Jake Myers and family are moving to Dunlap. Will Davis has moved to Etna. Ask George Obar how he likes to help his Aunt Mary Hoilgoms get wood. N Miss Mary O'Neal said Dug Merciers was sure pretty. Sid Myers and spent the evening with J. C. Bailey Sunday. Miss Alice Parker looked sad Sunday because she did not see F. J. A certain girl said she was sorry that Arthur Jones left here to go to Ala bama. Wonder who is Hun Coat's K'rl. Miss, s Faytie Myers ami F.llen Bail- ev u:"t to the door in time to see the1 hut raising alsmt a week ago. Wonder what kind of a time did George Iiailey have Xmas. Cotton Seel. Alex. Kelly Dead. Tl.e retiiainsof Ab'.x. Kelly, who died at Bessemer, Ala.. Friday, of Bright' .liseHs.', were brought to Jasper Sun day via Slalliiioiiinl, mil interment made ;it Kosewooil cemetery. He was a brother f .1. C. Kelly, the well known hardware limn of this county, and formerly lived neaf Inmau. F?5. delicate i-i Ha it CATARRH 'f t'.o i ai. stoiu.-i. Ii, 1...ucU and more oian-. t:ike Hood's Sarapa- is A RADICAL CURE. UNCLE GID'S LETTER. Perhaps your LTncle "Gid could not write on a subject more interesting than of the old time Christmasses "be- fo de war," and the old time planta tion darkey. I remember the negro quarters as if they were but yesterday. I remember the pickaunies, with their black, kinky heads, as they uttered the joyous sound, "Christmas comes tomorrow." I almost imagine I now see their HttU) black faces shine with anticipation of what they would get; from the big house on tomorrow. Some how I see grandma up at the big house fixing things for her little darkeys who have promised her to be good or they wouldn't get anything at all. I seem to see that old-fashioned kitchen, with its big fire place, and smell the turkey as it slowly browns and sizzles in hot gravy, while the pies well, the side table is loaded. Then my youngest aunt, she is here, there and everywhere, while the little niggers watch young missus and old Mammy Caline thinks nobody is like Miss Liz. This is Christmas Eve and the niggers' ball takes place tonight. Grandpa gave them tho big barn. Nig gers are coming. The Bomar and Shriver niggers will be there. The old Virginia reel will be danced. Old Saul is the master of ceremonies. Old Jack draws the bow and gets plenty of nig gers on their heels and toes. Old Saul hollers, "Pardners to your places. Bow to your lady, gemmen," and then a general sacheting takes place all around that big barn. Perhaps some of the young massrs or missuses put in a peaance. Then the niggers do their best. Sometimes the young white folks dance a reel or two, cheered on by the niggers. The ball over the niggers retire to dream of what old massa will do tomorrow. They know there's been a big bustle up at the big house and Carline won't tell; neither will the house maids. The niggera are up early and at the big house door, waiting for old massa to begin giving out the presents. Well, the pickaninnies get candy; the negro gals blue and some times red calico and red ribbons, and the men a' little money and eggnog and brandy to wash it down. But all that is gone now to return no more, and what few of the old time darkeys are left are working in a me nial capacity for almost nothing. He may have wandered to some cold, northern city but he, I have no doubt, recalls the merry Christmas time away down South. Gone is the good old ante helium Christmas; gone are the hunters that used to gather at tho wayside and drink their hot potations before un leashing their dogs for the chase. Christmas then was the dream of every man and woman and the most humble slave. The old South is no more. It's now a money making South. The poor are getting angry with the rich because they are rich. Our Christmas sweethearts have passed off the stage. The country is getting more stern and matter of fact. The Yule log is not escorted to the wide open fire place by the merry lads and lasses, yet the children have been told the story and they will scamper over tho cold floor of a Christmas morning to see what is ' in their stockings. Such happiness! Well, in the long ago the grown ups were just as happy as the children. To tell it all would fill a page. While I love the many now invent ions and admire the progress made, yet t. .11 a: ... - -'1. a-. . . m Kive me ine om nine, iunsimas ami i the old Yule log. The holidays lasted a month and the young people gather-1 ed nightly. Candy pullings and, if plenty of room was to be had, they would dance a break down. Towns were few and far between but i;o mer- tier people ever lived since the days of the merry kind of England I wish all our aged people would re hearse the story as they know it. A great many yet live who are some old er than I am and knowVhercof I write yet the half has not been told and nev er will be. No longer do we drag the Yule log to the salute of sorg and cheer. The wassal IhiwI has passed with the hoop skirt. The punch howl has given phico to the more costly wine bottle. There ar no more mummers going from house to house to sing a merry song or t-dl their love to hoiiip winsome damsel. Young folks, don't be tix stern, too nutter of fact, but 1 M.I .... 1 ( reiiieiuiHT wur v iiri-ui:as ;v maoe possible by one who loved Ilend His . life and get rid of the old Puritan idea j of longfaeediiesn. as though your ! grandmother was dead. I'll continue ! this some other time. I'NCLK GID. To BjilJ Ovens. The Southern Steel ( 'om; any, owners of the Dunlap mine, have also exten sive mines at Cole City, (J., un 1 will install a batten- of rvke ovens there. it a cst of f !.". i . The uvens will ie ready for month. tie torch in alont three iaciiinerv CASTINGS of All Kinds Promptly Supplied Why send your work out of the valley when It can be done cheaper at home? Help build up your own section. MARKET PRICE PAID FOR CAST IRON SCRAP. '' CORRESPONDENCE SOLICITED. BLACKLOCK Agents for... BLAKESLEE GAS & GASOLINE ENGINES. PREFERS CROFTER IDEA. Editor News: Well , I guess I had better tell these Socialists what I am for. I am a gninst government ownership first, last and all the time. Government ownership has brought about more pov erty .and misery than any other one thing we could name. I am not in favor of the government owning a sin gle thing. Now, why? Because it would mean owning the people. What moral right had the govern ment of the U. S. to take possession of our public domain and sell it to any living man? Did the government cre ate the land? No. Who did? God. Who did He create it for, govern ments? No, but for every human be ing. What did God say about it? He said the land should not be sold for ever for it was His. Why did He for bid the land being sold? Because He knew such a policy would rob men of their inheritance. Now, I believe that God is the father of all human be ings and that the earth is their moth er and as such no government or indi vidual has any moral right to deprive them of what their father and moth er have provided for them, but Socia lists would increase governent owner ship and surrender their freedom and liberty into the hands of 4he goverment, laying another foundation to de prive men of the last vestige of liberty they now possess. You would take from him all of his inventive genius and place him under the power and control of the Government, thus strip ping him of what rightly belongs to him. Government ownership sounds very well to some but it doesn't tome. Let the Government restore to men their inheritance, that is my doctrine. You Socialists talk aliout large cor porations oppressing the people. Why not lay the blame where it belongs. It's the government that first began to rob men of their birthright, and no one else I believe in Government and law as much as a man can believe . in such, but that is different from owner ship. Governments have always been more or less tyranical and our Govern ment whan she began to sell the inher itance of men and make titles to sec tions of land did something God said should not bo done. Now, you Social ists would go her one better and in crease her power ot ownership, thus placing all the people in her power to do with them whatsoever she pleased. Your doctrine only changes from one master to another. My doctrine is to restore to man his inheritance given to him by Almighty God and let the jiovcrnment keep her hands off of it. Give him a chance to tickle his moth er's breast and she will produco food and raiment sufficient for him. I be- , lieve in law but not in Government j ownership. Let the law control with- j out ownership. Let men exercise their inventive genius. Let them build railroads and manufacturing plants and be controlled bv law. Men have been robbed of their birthright and are being robbed now and I charge you Socialists with wanting to increase the lower of the robber instead of wanting to make her restoro what she has alreadv taken with impunitv. I am tellinu von. ireiitleiiien. the truth, and every unprejudiced person knows I am pointing straight at the evil that atllirts the human family. There is enough land for every human being and by everything that is Farted and holy they are entitled to enough to make an honest living on and no more. The rich are not to blame. Capitalist are not to blame. No liv ing man is specially to blame, but the v.iiolc j eoj le are to bhiuie, the 1 "or, the workingmen and all. I think a cause is very weak when its advocates have to single ont some special cla-s to attack with all t'.;e ;iluin:iy and abuse they can command. There i not ninth in such a caese, but there is much in I the restoration t men of their birth right. It is not covere I ever with f.o.atii'iil ideas, i.ii'l doctrine but a plain iimtter-t'f-f ict issu, which our ivi rniiieiit wt'dkly revg;iizps nnder the. redemption law. The Rip Saw and jh Appeal to Reason, which I read FOUNDRY SOUTH PITTSBURf 3 regularly are very poor deed, unu it seems ever takes their cue from them. come a Land Leagure or i get some good horse sense ir gins. I give them credit honest, but I do riot believe ever thought one timo how ' cate the evil. It can only bt restoring to man his right to Government ownership won't Re-marry men to the soil and man to buy and sell laud, is will be necessary to make peo py and prosperous. Or course and rigid laws should tie enac prevent the greedy and avariciou oppressing the people but this ol ship business by the government! never prove a panacea to cure t! as its advocates surmise it will. Now, all the readers of the can learn more about the inheritance' of man by carefully reading the Bible, especially the law of Mosea and the prophets.. "Woe unto him who join fields until there be no room in the midst thereof. My people shall inher it the earth. Every man shall sit un- der his own vine and fig tree and none shall molest him. " Does it take calumny and abuse to ' argue for the restoration of the birth right of man? I think not. Such a ' question is not a theory but a truth taught by God himself through ' his prophets. Is this bosh? How about that? Socialists are like young crows, ! more gab than anything else. Get down to bedrock and let theories alone, Well, whenever you Socialists learn to reason with out jumping on some firm or corporation, perhaps you will have better success. Say, Socialists, are you really honest or are you advo cating the theory you do to spite the rich? ,Yonr party does not appeal to reason but to the pnssioh so much so that I consider your theory dangerous. Am I plain enough? You say your Uncle Gid talks bosh. Any man who would ' rob and take from another is not my kind of man. I want the government to return to the people what she had no right to take. Then they will be free and not have to bend the back to a taskmaster. Free! why? Eecause they can supply their wants from their mother's breast. UNCLE GID. Secured Bridge. 'Squire Dan Pitman, of near Caro line Chapel, was here yesterday. He reports the iron bridge secured for the ' people of his district to be located be- ' tween the Spangler and Rogers farms, and to cost a little over $4000. Tho I Converse Bridge Co, of Chattanooga, j represented by J. G. Lankester, will I build it. Appointed Assessor. T. R. Harris, Esq., of this city, was apixiinted Tax Assessor for this district" bv the county court, there bein'K H VH',alu.v. w have no doubt Mr. Harris will discharge the duties of the office faithfully. Rc-EJected Superintendent. D. A. Tat f South Pittsburg, was re-elected nperintendent of Public session of Instruc.ion, at the recent j thj county court New Postofiicc. Guild is a new ostoflice etabli-hed in this county, located at the lotk und dam. O Scan U P1 I'M' . fe"JL IM Ud Yin few Alwvs 8cJ To Collect Taxes, I will V in Whiteside and .Mont eaele ou the following dale: WIMTF.SIDK. . . Jan. hi. MONTH (iLK, - - Jan. 17. for tlo- put of t ollectini; Use. V. A. KKI.I.Y. Trustee.