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3 i Crs. Turner, Parks & Hughes j I DENTISTS. j Everything by Electricity j ! Telephone 144. j Drs. Turner, Parks & Kughss DENTISTS. Everything by Electricity Telephone 144. TT TT "El "4 MMERGIA r . TT IE i nion Mty Commercial, establishei 1890. ) ... , . . . . ,, reii lenoHHee Uoarler, established 18a7. ( wu-vm-ito orpvoiuoor i, io. UNION CITY, TENN, FRIDAY, MAY 4, 1906. VOL. 16, NO. 16 Co a. t4 Ox I . v S 1 i f i .4 I t A ' 1 i. 1 ; DR. J. B. MARRISOIH'S SARSAPARILLA Three Dottls for $2.50 fi aifling Gor, BEST KNOWN BLOOD PURIFIER Six Bottles for $5.00 ; ZZZZZ SOLD AND OUARANTEED BY -- Or One Bottle for f l.OO ALLEN DRUG COMPANY Phone 223 BAT OR NIGHT E W j 0. STORE Is now open with a full line of Geo. Delker Buggies, Surreys, Stanhopes and Road Wagons. ; ;Also a full line of Upjto-date : ' " Harness, Whips, Lap Robes Come in whether you want to buy or not. We welcome visitors just as cordially as we do customers. Union Ci'. aE:0. 3. Phone 92. Successor to B. F. Beckham. DR. WILL A. NAILLING, Physician and Surgeon. Office Nailling's Corner, near Postoffice. Hours : j 9 to 10 a. m. 2 to 3 p. m. Phone 41. ommmmmoininmimmmimmmfnramnimmmmmo . Horses, Mules, Hogs, Cattle, Sheep and Chickens are all high. . : S Begin now to get their systems in a good thrifty condition for spring by using .International Stock and Poultry Food, the best preparations of the kind made. I also have, the International Harness Soap, Silver Pine Healing Oil, Gall Cure, Pheno Chloro and a preparation which is guaranteed to kill mites E on chickens. . s Full line of bulk and package Gardea Seed and Seed Potatoes. : Everything In the Grocery Line at Rock-Bolton Prices. : . 1 SA1 UL M. STONE Phone 180. Washington Ave. 3 oiiiiiuiiiiiiiiiiuiaiuiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiijiiuiiiiuiiiiiiiuiiiiiiiiiiio DR. J. FRANK McMICHAEL Optical Specialist. Headache Relieved. . , Cross-Eyes Straightened Artificial Eyes Adjusted. Office JJay Satin days. Nailling Cor. near P. 0 Permanenely Located. Satisfaction Guaranteed. (( i 9 ffl'VMlW'AG hv, irL 'ili iff v VnT 4 1 Pimpeian M.iuagi 7 tJ&im- vi Cvusider tht Sit as ferns Fabric. D$ yen itanst n us r eerie tr jvitretj rrasn it Off" us you weulJ a China Piatt " Tempalaa Maaaaia Craaiaa cteanie b loaaenina and talc in out the dirt imbedded in tht porca. It removes pore obstructions, black-heads, skin nimnln mnni lb. r..... n. ..itn ri.l... plexions; restore healthy circulation. For gentlewomen and gentlemen. I'rice 50c and fl.OO per jar. Call ilvrtjvr mmfU, White & Burchard, Druggists. Use White's Chill Tonic Guaranteed. TENNESSEE'S EARTHQUAKE FORMED REELFOOT LAKE. Few of the several earthquakes occurring in this country, perhaps, are of more interest than that of 1811, and the one four years there after, extending over the western part of Tennessee and across the Mississippi in what was then the Territory of Missouri, from which resulted aa almost complete change in the aspect of that section of the country in which its visitation was especially pronounced and the formation of the unique body of water, Reelfoot Lake, which forms the eastern boundary of Lake County, Tennessee. While both the Charleston earthquake and the recent one at San Francisco were far more destructive, and were productive of a greater loss of life the Reelfoot earthquake, as it is commonly called, was peculiarly different from either of these in that it presented forms of seismic disturbances not hitherto 6trongly noticeable in earthquakes, and dis turbed toe country affected by it almost continually for three years, and then at intervals for two years. It was due only to the country being very sparsely settled at tbat time that the loss of life 'was not of greater magnitude. CAUSED PEEP RAVINES. A Inner thn wfvutorn Vinivlnr iKo State, on and near the bank of the Mississippi, travelers and residents have found deep ravines..and,.beds nt lntrau w h i r' V in airaptr incknnn are attributed in their formation to the Reelfoot earthquake. Near Memphis the earthquake is said to have lost much of its force, yet to have been sufficient to cause the bulging of the earth in two places between which the waters of the river rolled over the sunken bank forming Open Lake. Those who have viewed this lake declare tha it has all the appearances of having originated in some unnatural way Trees are yet growing in the center of the lake, only the upper branch es reaching above the wter. Some distance above that, nearer the central western part of the State is Sunken Lake, which in its ap pearance is much the same as the others, and is also believed to have originated during the memorable earthquake of Reelfoot. Tradition in West Tennessee has it that when the force of the earthquake was being vented, the waters of the Mississippi reversed their move ments, and rushed with incredible speed upstream. However, these lakes are but the smaller productions of this great earthquake, which laid its heaviest hold on the extreme northwest cornet of Tennessee, making Reel- foot Lake, a body of water, at that time, reckoned at 100 miles in length and from one to six miles in width, in what had been a trod expanse of sodded land, and caus ing the lowlands in many places to be transformed into rolling hills, and the hills, in some cases, to practically disappear. FELT IN NASHVILLE. The eame earthquake was felt in Nashville, though not to a serious I extent. Misa Jane Thomas, in her 'Old Days in Nashville," says that it occurred-in 1811, about 3 o'clock on a Monday morning, and that it great alarm. By the time they were able to arise from their beds to ascertain the trouble the shock came, the earth trembling visibly. These shakings happened at inter vals in Nashville for about a year, and were often very severe. Ihe Reelfoot earthquake has taken a prominent place among such disturbances in this country, and .,even in the world. It was practC'y the only severe earth- was very severe, the furnishings and everything in the houses rat tling. Quite a roaring was heard before the quake, awakening all the peeple in the city and causing quake evtr occurring in the interi or of the United States. Few, though, even in Tennessee, , have an idea of the extent of this dis turbance, or the changes in' the topography of West Tennessee wrought by it. Neither is it gen erally known the way in which the earthquake manifested itself from its inception, and its continuance through a space of five years. STORY OF EVE WITNESS. A graphic account of the Reel foot earthquake, written by Miss Eliza Bryan, a resident of New Madrid, Territory of Missouri, one of the early Spanish settlements on the Upper Mississippi, which was visited by the earthquake, and who was an eye-witness of the dis turbance throughout its course, appeared in The American of Sept. 30, 1880. It was written to Rev. Lorenzo Dow, a minister who had appealed to her for it m 1816, five years after the first shock, and at the writing shocks were still being feiat intervals. These, however, were becoming less severe, and occurring at wider intervals. The account of Miss Bryan is notable because of her graphic style in presenting the details and bringing the horrors attendant upon the earthquake directly before the vi sion of the reader. In it is told how the waters of the Mississippi receded with a mighty roar from their banks, leaving a number of boats upon the sands; and then, rushing with terrific force back in its bed, the waters rushed torrent like over the banks, tearing the boats from their moorings and wrecking them, causing loss of life, and at the same time uproot ing groves of cottonwood trees on its bat' i. Miss Bi$ aif tells of the formation of a lake (which i8 now Reelfooi Lake) across the river from her home, New Madrid being situated nearly opposite the pres ent location of Reelfoot Lake. The ake must have changed considera bly in shape and area from her de scription of it at that time. The letter of Miss Bryr follows: MISS BRYAN'S STOKY. "New Madrid, Territory of Mis souri, aiarcn tj, 1816. In com pliance with your request, 1 will now give you a history as full m detail as the limits of a letter will permit, of the late awful visita tion in this place and vicinity. "On the 16th of December, 1811, about 2 o'clock a. m., we were visited by a violent shock of an earthquake, a c c o mpanied by a very awful noise, resembling loud but distant thunder, but more hoarse and vibrating, which was ollowed in a few minutes by tha complete saturation with sulphur ous vapor, causing total darkness. The screams of the affrighted in habitants running to and fro, not knowing where to go or what to do, the cries -of the fowls and beasts of every species, the crack ing of trees falling, and the roar ing of the Mississippi, the current of which was retrograde for a few minutes, owing, as is supposed, to an eruption in its bed formed a scene truly horrible, rrom that time until about sunrise a number of lighter shocks occurred, at which time one more violent than the first took place, with the same accompaniments as the first, and the terror which had been excited in every one, and, indeed, in all animal nature, was now, if pos sible, doubled. The inhabitants fled in every direction to the coun trT, supposing (if it be admitted that their minds were exercised at all) that there was less. danger at a distance from than near to the river. In one person, a female, the alarm waa so great that she fainted and could not be recov ered. There were several shocks a day, but lighter than those al ready mentioned, until the 23d of January, 1812, when one occurred as violent as the severest of the former one, accompanied by the same phenomena as the former. From this time until the 4th of February the earth was in contin ued agitation, visibly waving as a gentle sea. On that day there was another shock nearly as hard as the preceding ones. Next day, four sTicuf and on the 7th, about 4 o'clock a. m., a concussion took place so much more violent than those which had preceded it that it was denominated the hard shock. IMPENETRABLE PARKNF,SS. "The awful darkness of the at mosphere, which, as formerly, was saturated with sulphuric va por, and the violence of the tem pestuous thundering noise that ac companied it, together with all the other phenomena mentioned as attending the former ones, formed a scene the description of which would require the most sub limely fanciful imagination. At first the Mississippi seemed to re cede from its banks, and its waters, gathering up like a mountain, leav ing for a moment many boats which were here on their way to New Orleans, on the bare sand, in which time the poor sailors made their escape from them. It then rising fifteen or twenty feet perpendicularly and expanding, as it, were, at the same moment, the banks were overflowed with a retrograde current, rapid as a tor rent. The boats, which before had been left on the sand, were torn from their moorings, and suddenly driven up a little creek at the mouth of which they laid, to the distance in some instances of near ly a quarter of a mile. The river falling immediately as rapid as it had risen, receded within its banks again with such violence that it took with it whole groves of young cottonwood trees, .which edged its borders. They were broken off with such regularity, in some in stances, that persons who bad not witnessed the fact would be diffi cultly persuaded that it had been the work of art. A great many fish we're left on the banks, being unable to keep pace with the wa ter. The river was literally cov ered with the wrecks of boats, and it was said that one was wrecked in w hich there was a lady and six children, all of whom were lost. In all the hard shocks mentioned the. earth was horribly torn toj pieces. 1 be surface of hundreds of acres was, . from time to time, covered, of various depths, with the sand, which issued from the fissures, which were made in great numbers a", over this country, some of wLich closed up immedi ately after they had vomited forth their sand and water, which, it must be remarked, was the matter generally thrown up. "In some places, however, there was a substance somewhat resem bling coal or impure coal stone thrown up with the sand. It is impossible to say what the depth of the breaks or irregular breaks were; we have reason to believe that some of them are very deep. The site of this town was evidently settled down at least 15 feet, and not more than a half mile below the town there does not appear to be any alteration on the bank of the river; but back from the river a small dfstance the numerous large ponds ot lakes, as they were called, which covered a great part of the country, were nearly dried up. REELFOOT FORMED. "The beds of some of them are elevated above their former banks several feet, producing ,an alter ation of 10, 15 to 20 feet from their original state. And lately it has been discovered that a lake was formed on the opposite side of the Mississippi, in the Indian Territory, upwards of 100 miles in length and from one to six miles in width, of the depth of from 10 to 50 feet. It has communication with the river at both ends, and it is conjectured that it will be many years before the principal part, if not the whole of the Mississippi, will pass that way. We were con strained by tLe fear of our houses" failing to live twelve or eighteen months after the first shocks in light camps made of boards, but we gradually became callous and returned to our houses again. Most of those who fled from the country in time of the hard shocks have since returned hoii!. . CONTINUED VISITATIONS. "We have since the commenti ment in 1811 and still continue to feel slight shocks occasionally. It is seldom, indeed, that we are more than a week without feeling one, and sometimes three or four in a day. There were two this winter past much harder than we have felt them for two years before, but since then they appear to be light er than the)r have ever been, and we begin to hope that ere long they will entirely cease. "I have now, sir, finished my promised description of the earth quake, imperfect, if it is true, but just as it occurred to my memory, many of, and most of, the truly awful scenes having occurred three or four years ago. They, of course', are not related with that precision which would entitle it to the char-'. acteVof a full and accurate pic ture, but, sikh as it is, it is given with pleasure, in the full confi dence that it is given to a friend. And now, sir, wishing you all good, 1 must bid you adieu. "Your humble servant, "Eliza Bryan. "The Rev. Lorenzo Dow. "There is one circumstance which I think worthy of remark. This country was formerly subject to very hard thunder, but for more than twelve m on th before the commencement of the earthquake there was none at all, and but very nine Biucc, great pari 01 wnicn resembles subterranean thunder. The shocks still continue, but are growing more lighter and less fre quent. E. B." RU-MA-GO makes Rheumatism GO. Allen Drug Co. sell it.