Newspaper Page Text
OF FLOWERS. fV; Theme of the Poet and the ArtUt the Rote. CUT ELLIOTT MITCHELL. Roses queens of the JLmerlcAn flower rarden! The increasing tendency of people to patronize the rural sections, and the steadily increasing love for flowers, with the impulse to cultivate the small garden found in the city and the rural . homes brings into prominence the flower of kings and of favorites and of the humblest menial the rose. It is astonishing what varied types in nature there are of this flower, and how -world-wide is its distribution. Wild roses are found from frigid Lap land to tropic India. The rose has the honor of being the first cultivated flower. For a long time it was a rare possession, but with the general and active love of nature that is a marked characteristic of the present times much his heen learned about the cul ture of flowers in general, and of the rose in particular, and its special re quirements are better understood. j While verandas and trellises of country homes may have their honey suckles,, and lilacs may bloom in abundance, nothing excels in beauty or fragrance the climbing roses when in their gorgeous and glorious bloom. There is no flower beset with more difficulties to grow, yet its cultivation is increasing. The harder it is to pro duce a beautiful thing the more highly It la prized. Most Important Oroup. Roses of to-day ar of complex line age, for old and new species have been crossed and recrossed until now our cultivated roses are divided into more than thirty general groups. The most . important of these are: Moss, Kugosa, Hybrid Teas, Persian roses and a few June roses among the stiff, upright growing sorts of medium to tall growth; Tolyanthus, upright but dwarf, and Teas, of low or half re cumbent habit. The latter, by some classifiers, are again sub-divided Into China, Bourbon, etc., of which classes the teas and hybrid teas are the most Beautiful. They bloom longer than Bother types, hence they have been, most widely grown. fror colder climates the hybrid per retuals are a most valuable class, be ing generally hardier and larger Moomers, though they do not bloom so Rosea must have good air and plenty vi n, wuuoui oeing too mucn exposed; nence an elevated situation is better than one that is lower or stagnant They should not, however, be exposed to too violent winds, for the foliage cannot stand whipping. Sometimes the protection of a clumD of trees is sought, but unless the plants are set wen away rrom them they will be robbed f plant food by the roots of tne tre To take advantage of this kind of protection the roses should be set twenty-five feet further away from the trees than the latter's height. The protection of buildings should be avoided, for so completely do these stop the circulation of air that mildew and blights follow from sheltered loca tions of this character. There are, however, exceptions to this rule, for sometimes in an elevated position there will be suitable circulation of air even elose to a building. This de pends largely upon the prevailing winds and the exposure of the locality. of great value in getting the finest blooms and the longest bud develop ment. Good wood dirt is excellent Fine, strong plants, set while entire ly dormant, should give a satisfactory quantity of flowers the first summer. In planting, the tops should be cut down to two or three buds. Many fail at this point to prune close enough. On well grown plants there is usually too much wood left The de sire to obtain blossoms the first sum mer is so great that frequently the en tire top is left to grow, which is too much for the root to support The reverse should be done, for by close pruning the few buds left will develop into strong, vigorous shoots that will produce buds, and only by this practice can they be surely ob tained. A. good general rule to follow in pruning is to cut severely all teas, hy brid tea3 and kinds that do not make strong growth, and to cut all strong growing kinds moderately. The more luxuriant a bush grows the less prun ing will be required, but the weakest growing kinds require the severest pruning. While florists have their own way of propagating roses, amateurs usually get a start of everblooming roses either from cuttings of the blooming wood, or from cuttings of mature wood rooted during winter while in a semi-dormant S jf S r r ,;r W y L7ILL SEND YOU iFYQUHAYEABUHIOti Fill OufThaf Coupon. FUME A FISCHEB BUUIOH PHOTEGY0 Of 1 BAYS TRIAL V M "UK M 11 THE GOLDEN ETOILE DE LVON. long as the teas.- These have been ob tained by crossing the French and Da mask roses with the China rose. Itoses are propagated by cuttings, by tmdding, grafting and layering. All varieties will not root equally well from cuttings and layers, and budding Is largely done. TThe budding roses have to be care aTully watched, for toeing started on itroni brier and Manetti roots they ' (j ( Is ' " ill : V" '-' ZS Sfi' I il m ' i: i ll : " Iruu 1 11 111 V v.vf. - M t ;i i IT :.ts, VVe are not taking any chance in doine this, no matter who you arc. The com- j jf- y tort and relief you wui procure will be suf- us. If the protector fails to do all we say in the ''following paragraphs you may return it to us and there will be no further argument That will end the transaction completely. If it does as we say; if it gives you. immediate relief and permanent comfort you will send us 50 cents j and if you have bunions on both feet we know that you will order one for the other foot when you remit for the one protector you have been wearing for ten days. Protector is a neat, soft IJ FIlH leather device that is worn Illft.P WVI I Ian III .StLT-AOJUSTlNO O rfvLvivor oiivjs uiaii jja uart been in the habit of wearing on your bunion-tortured foot It requires no buckling or strapping, it is self-adjusting, it will not slip or shift, it will fill out the hollows immediately surrounding the enlarged joint, and will absolutely prevent the shoe from bulging, retaining perfect shape and correct lines. Ours is a business built on faith. Three years ago the Fischer Bunion Protector was made in a small cobbling shop by hand. Today the demand requires a daily output of thousands of pairs. If your shoe dealer or druggist handles our device you need not write to us. He will lend you the protector for trial on the same terms we offer Jlni$.t"wu5TI!!Sr-A a m here. He has seen the evidence of the reliefs we have performed and he knows what the protector will do. In case he cannot supply you, all you have to do is to fill out this coupon or write us a letter. ' Tell us on which foot you are troubled and we wiM send you one protector. You need not even send postage. We assume every expense. If at the end of the trial period you are not relieved, you return the protector to us. If you desire to keep it, remit us 50 cents and 50 cents for the one for your other foot if you need it also. We receive thousands of letters monthly from people who suffered the tortures of a bunion but who now walk with perfect com fort with the aid of the Fischer Bunion Protector. Here is one of them. Ft. WAYNE, Indiana. THE FISCHFR M'FG. CO., 436 Scott JSt Milwaukee, Vi la. Gentlemen : The Bunion Protector received one week ago yesterday. I put on new shoes as directed after adjusting the protector on the bunion and with but little faith put the choe on. I cannot now find words to express my thanki to you for the ease and comfort I have had (or the last seven days. Although I have been on my feet from early morning1 until night, and in that time have walked squares out in the city, have not suffered an instant with my bunion. I would not be without the protector for $5.00. I have spoken to several f my friends and acquaintances and think you will get their orders from here. I will enclose $1.00i 50 cents for protector received and 50 cents for the one for my left foot. Thanking you for your persistence in inducing me to try your device, I remain, Ever your friend, . . Name furnished on application. w THE QUEEN BEATRICE ONE OF THE NEWEST ROSES. The hot noonday sun is very hard upon tne blosaomsrand if the rose bed could be so located as to get a hadow cast from a clump of trees for two hours after noon such a location would be ideal. The greatest pleasure to he derived from flowers is to have them for the freest possible use and to give to friends and others who may otherwise not be able to have them. The soil needs to be well suited and properly prepared. For hybrid per petuals a heavy soil is better, one that has some portion of clay in its com position. The rose requires for its best development a cool, moist soil, and for thissreason the heavier type is better carrying as it does a large amount of moisture, and being' also a little lower in temperature. mm :; I -i I Jr. I f I Ity.'- L.--V SM WW "4 ; fee i THE OLD FASHIONED MARY WASHINGTON ROSE. are jn!t apt to throw out Bhoots frolu their own roots which are vigorous and soon overcome and run out the bud. They may be readily discerned when they dJ come out. for their leaves and wood are of a different character from that of the bud, the wood being covered -with fine, prickly spines and the leaves being seven in number of three serrations Instead of five, as in most of the budded kinds. Budded roses should be planted deep so that the bud is at least three inches below the surface of the soil, when there will be less trouble from the sueke rs. The roots should be eiaminod, and any eyes or buds that are starting upoi them Citoli be carefully taken am i, The teas and hybrid teas will do hotter in a little lighter soil of the loam type, but for either class there must be perfect drainage. Have Your Soil Rich. The soil can hardly be made too rich. Well composted manure should be worked down deep into the bottom of the bed or of the rows if they are not in the latter form. This should be cow manure, as that is of a cooler nature and better suited to the requirements of the plant. Horse manure is too heating and will injure the roots if used ia large quantities. Liquid manure used in a diluted form once a week after the buds are formed will be condition. The latter is the surest method for the inexperienced flower grower. How to Grow Cuttings. How can you root summer cuttings? Make a 4 or 6-inch cutting of a rose branch that is coming into bloom, or is just through blooming. Cut just be low an eye, leaving a small "heel" or strip of bark attached. Trim oft the lower set of leaves even with the wood. Leave the end leaf entire and trim the leaf or two remaining, back to the first pair of leaflets. Insert these cut tings in wet sand up to the last eye. Put them in the window and keep con stantly damp until they root, which should be in from 3 to 4 weeks. Teas root easily by this method. To root from semi-dormant wood: About the beginning of autumn, Sep tember in the North, October In the South, take your cuttings. Several may be made from one cane, as pretty well ripened wood roots after this method as well as any. Make the cut tings about 6 inches long. Cut Just De- low an eye, making a slanting cut and trim off the lower leaves.- Now dig a hole by the parent bush. Put handful of sand at the bottom if you have it, and put in your cuttings, set ting them one inch apart and firming the earth very solidly about them Only about an inch of the nipper stem should project above the ground. Put a glass fruit- jar over the cuttings sinking the Jar well into the ground, then bank up the earth a couple of inches around the can. Let the cut tings, Jar and all, rigidly alone until spring is well advanced. It ' will be found then that nearly every cutting has rooted. This plan seems to be a success wherever it is tried. North South, East or West Nearly all hybrid teas and perpetuals root well in this way. So do moss, memorial and ram bler roses. In the culture of roses the greatest trials and disappointments are met with in the insects that persistently at tack them and of which there are many. One of the first in the early summer is the green fly or aphis. How to Kill the Aphis. This will he discovered on the tins of the bushes and also upon the buds and about their stems. The insects suck the sap from these tender parts and greatly check the growth and de velopment of the buds. Dusting with hellebore will keep them in check, or they may be sprayed with one pound of caustic potash whale oil soap dis solved in eight gallons of water. This is easy work. One of these insects will be the pro genitor of over 5.000 million descend ants at the end of five generations, which makes the discovery and prompt treatment of the first ones highly important The leaf roller is another enemy that rolls up the leaves and also works upon the buds, eating small holes in the ends. . Then there are other caterpillars, the young of moths and butterflies, that feed upon the foliage and also upon the buds. These should be hand picked or crushed, as it is difficult to reach them after they have protected themselves by the folding of the leaves. The rose bug or rose chafer Is a email browi beetle that appears ia June and usually in large numbers. The eggs are laid in the soil, generally in light or sandy land; they are not often troublesome in heavy soli. . , Paris green and other poisons do not have much effect upon them. Arsenate of lead, when used in strong solutions (two and a half ounces to a gallon), will keep them quite well in check, but this material discolors the foliage. In the early morning, when the bugs are somewhat dormant, they may be picked off by hand, or knocked into a pan of kerosene held underneath the branches. This is a most difficult pest to control. It will also attack grapes and other fruits. The rose slug is the larva of the saw fly, which comes out of the ground in May. The female deposits eggs in cuts made In ti e leaves. The eggs hatch in about twelve days after they are laid. They are a soft-bodied insect similar to the snail, and may be readily de stroyed by dusting with hellebore or by Ihe whale oil soap spray. They soon seriously injure the foliage if not kept in check. Another very troublesome insect and lenemy of the rose is the rose hopper .or thrips. These are small, white flies that come in swarms, and they work mainly on the under side of the leaves. HOBO $0 How to seleot s (rood furnace. No. 45 Leader Steel Furnace costs Trulirbt paid. Otherfw. Write, Hei Warm'f 4 Vent' j Co., 744 Taoom Bid., ChiotKO. MINERAL EAVC . VIMtUT Only Sure Core. Positive and Permanent. Absolutely Pore. $1.00 Package cures any ordinary case. $3.00 Packagecaresawe case or money refunded. Sent postpaid on receipt of price. Aof.nts Want BD. i,iDeral terms. Vlatral Haavt Remady Co., 444 4th At., PitUburi, Pa. J, 6tM. !p;rT0 THE LAME F--.--3 W'JtJl There ar only two Ft. f - f W I YiVv- t iicton wo parpntiHl I 1 I 1 r- wrtv ' vv I lh. Others imitate t I II T ' or r mt 1! we tiKaV ni'tke it onrrwily at 5 Year SOLID GOLD Filled Watch $b -flffseaaaa An Hone H ntoli ml mn llonrnt Trie. a Cff Hade of a piaM af aelid a-old owriaTfnf plate of eempo m aattu, tad Is varraetwd at wear B eaar, They ar atonMt bnatltif eaoe, tttantlfull? MaTtied a truth )), Uaa ld a4 ataoMl,ltfa ft aa lutnitN Is aut, Fliaad rtdt m lacant Mvtnjtn 14 AnefloMt lever movement, ornpaat1a bnUsc Anal adjust, d . f uarttUad to orrel ima for T. mith loiitfoid plated anam rot uwiiea r wu dmn tot Halt. Sand your name and vMrm nA wa will tend tbn te your near aiprew uffle tm froa aula tk before paying a o-at! If yt WHUddae Miam v araaaaat bomlo iwt offered dt ainrvaa acaM 16 OO euly aod aiprae eharr and th vatah ead ebala tm yfliif. Ordatato -a, thU la ae,wtl prloe f aahtrv tliaaaal. Mntioa If want LodUt (rente awh. aVMnti M. Im flBBKIfc. Alt Kfc ltariMHU.t;ttlUiUU,Uala. mm OLD WAY 10, Mittt "O'Con nor! Lntwt" Toa "O'COSNOK'fl hATZSV rty made itiott shofs, tJiitpera or ' Oxford ties, without ulturation open bark, no lavinc no exer tion t walk per rct ankle aiU li sten I Cut this out and semi to Hay am e will teU you licw to get one re, Givesnortafe, E. L. O'Connor Mf. Co.. 1271 B'wiy, N. Y. FREE BASEBALL OUTFIT!! YOUR EXA$T SIZE SHIRT, nsndiome (tray den. full at anna, Terr long, three button front, double sewed, nhapely and durable. PANTS. Padded or unpad ded (aa yon wiah), double and triple sewed, rery strong. Pad ded panta thoroughly quilted on hipsand thlfhs. Wide belt straps, knee elatli"t. OA P-C'l lege Stylo. Eight piece top, long visor. nr. 1,1. rte colored, atro nickel hnrkle. T. Mew atrle. brleht- colored, strong, bat patent BOYS. BM,a ynni m waff name and arldress for only 14 packages of ItLlINK, to sell format 10 cpijh a pafkaire. Return our W m Ta irum tm anin. and we will immediately' send you this splendid baseball ont- TUArantefd to fit And to nlve complete aatlRfaotlnn. Every iZ'PTlRPATil KXTRA lvHKM III M. I DI three ljttr Tou want nmde litrire. of felt, for your ahlrt front. (nt f ran. with the suit if yuu return our money within ludays BMJINR MFO. CO rOWa;ie('irm 143 Mill 8t., Concord Junction, Mnaa. a yn. "Modern Furnace Heating" tells how u eclitet and run a good furnace-how to set It up yourself and how you can buy THE LEADER No. 45 Steel Furnace for f 49. It neate R rooma, a etore, school or email ehuroh-burna any fuel) haaalirlok Ore box and l atrong an.l clurutilB. (Other altea forothur work). Wrlt to-ilav for our book-It will imy you. Baas Warraln ft Ventilatinf Company. li ISIWmS SUUUlBSt UilMJSW aaa I Can Save a tot of WorM Si Sva i.lrp fff fff"jrj Can Increase Your Comlnrtal Cajtlncreisa Your Profits! aavuajr ELECTRIC If yon are Interested In those thlntra We'd like to nod you our new book about STEZL Whoela and the FLF0TRIC H-BJ!... KM Ilorethan a million and a quarter of thorn are 111 Use and aereral hundred thousand farmer say that they are the best investment they erer nade. They'll save you more money, more work, give bst tr service and irreater satisfaction than any other metal wheel made because They're MsS aUitar. By erery teet they are the best. Spokes onlted to the hub. If they work loose, your money back. Don't buy wheels nor wagon nntll yon road our book. It may Bare yon many dollars and It's free. ELECTRIC WHEEL CO., Box 263 Qulnoy, l!!a. vZJU ELECTRIC ' I A CUTTING READY TO PLANT. They will fly off when you are attempt ing to treat them. The white grub la another parasite upon roses, the list of which Is becom ing somewhat formidable. This grub comes from eggs deposited in the ground by the June bug or May beetle. After pairing, the male dies, when the female bores down in the Boil, de positing her egg3 from six to eight inches deep. The small white "grubs which are hatched from these live upon the grass roots or the roots of other plants. In making up the soil for the rose- bed sods frequently put in the bottom to . decompose have these grubs . in them, and as they live in the grub form for three years, they frequently eat the roots of the roses, causing them to wither and often to die. On the first discovery of a wilting plant the soil Ehould be dug over to find the grubs. Toads Are Friends. There are no better friends to have in the garden than the toads. If they could be protected and encouraged to live there they Trould eradicate many of the grubs and cutworms that do so much, damage to garden plants. The great enemy of the toad ia tne small boy. Bands of schoolboys have been known to go out, and in a single day, kill as many as 300 of these use ful animals. The boys regard this as innocent sport, being untaught and not knowing that the toad is a most valua ble insect destroyer. To the lovers of the rose, these dif ficulties In its culture, great as they are, are not altogether too discourag ing. They rather incite " to greater energy and determination to overcome them, knowing that eternal vigilance is the price to be paid to win and to enjoy this queen and most beautiful of all flowers. Don't Die That Way Millions Die Every Year from Mere Ignorance of Nature's Laws of Health Ask yourself the question! "Is Life Worth Living? And the answer will bo : " It depends on your health." . Then why not have good health ? If you are aick it ia because some simple, natural law of health has been violated, Nature is a Stern and Inexorable Judge, and Grants No rardons When Her haws are Broken Better Learn Those Laws. You can't learn them too soon You can't learn them all at once. Begin right now, and , Learn a little every month. Sena a dime r fire twn-mt stamps to 1K Kloher BulMlnir, Chlfapo, for rm whole year's subscription for Maxwell's Homcmnker Magazine, and tnu the eirtujnt "Health In the Home. Health from Nature, hy Kiirht Thought and Kit-lit Living." Head It every moth-ywr m and year out -and learn all about Nature's T-aws of iromii, aiHi save jjik-uw good health aft-r Whether Kills and Drue riiils. and yon will eniov mam v,.Mr ,,t 1 if- ..l f wuuiu novo m-vu ueaa ana Dunea or marne crimiatra. ronnt. Ti Her I lie and all, into the street if lie calls ahead of time. rrom Maxwell a uomcmaKer Alaeazine. no are nunea or crematea aoeen t so mncu matter, ffa thr rivlno, . fut T!n Cl.uwl iiMiti, ii . . . r..i,v..,i v i .. 1 t , . ... . . ' . " J"" iniixiMl w.tl-UHHl, Ul KICK OH1 "titim 1 Iftll h " wei your," pointers on tiainlug K OTIS. If yon do not wieh to cnt tlie coupon out of yonr paper, yon can aend in yjrr ONE YEAR FOR 10 CENTS Subscription Price to Chlca. and ForeUn AddresMs. 23c. Per Var Cllt OUt this SnbeCliDtion blank, writ nam and arlilmil nn linn. tM.l ...I unJ ... 10 cent (silver or stain tm) and we will mail nn Mmrwolfa li.mHn.i... ar-j.J month for twelve months. Don't delay, but send at once, , Name ; , ; ' ' Box or Street No. . , . s - Postoffice Enclosed find.. subscriber ' -State. Sor years subscription. State whether a new cr old Ton can enbwrlbe for one. two, three or live years at 10 cents for each year. Better send 60 cents and have Are yt-ara cood readinf oiniiia to you. This ia Uie BktT MAhA ZIN, for the money, ever published. Address in full Subscription Dept. MAXWELL'S HOMEMAKER MAGAZINE, - 1405 riahr Building. CHICAGO. III. IT yon wish to hve THE HOMEMAOR MAGAZI.N8 sent to friend, vrt a Mparata pieca of paper for name and address, and enclose 10 oetit for each yearly subscription. v.