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I Drs. Turner, Parks & Hughes'
DENTISTS. j Everything by Electricity j Telephone 144. Onion City Commercial, etblUhel W.t Tenofttte Courier. ettablUbed DR. J. Three BottUs for $2.50 iiailling Cor. SEWERAGE FOR UNION CITY i ' Report of Committee Presented Herewith for Your Special Consideration. To the Citv Council: Gentlemen: 1 deem it my duty et this time to call your attention in some detail to the matter of lay ing sewers in this city. You are aware that there are two kinds of Hewers, and that both are badly needed here; but it is of under ground sewers that I shall treat now, and not surface sewers to carry off storm water. However, before engaging your atten tion seriously toward invest' ing so large a sum of money as will be necessary to build sewers for the city it is proper that I should outline to you the plan I have in mind for building these eewers and how they are to be . paid for. Most of you, having been on the Board for several years, are familiar with what has been done in the past in the way of betterments and improvements and know the means that were at band with which to pay for them. I do not consider it necessary to go over the receipts and disburse ments of the city for tho present year and compare the same with what they were one year ago, but 1 simply call your attention to the fact that the tax rate being the same, the ordinary receipts and disbursements of the city for the last four years have teen about the same. Enough then to say at the present time is' that on May 1, this year, there is to the credit of the city treasurer in bank $12, 116.35; while there was to the credit of the city treasurer on May 1, 1905, $0,711.30, showing cash on hand on May 1, this year, 15,405.05 more than there was at the same period last year. . 1 have gone over 1 the city rec ords very carefully with Recorder Woosley and we find that on May 1, last year, collections had been much better than tney were on May 1, this year, so much so that the excess in the tax rate of last year. 25 cents per hundred more than this year, had about all been collected and paid out last year previous to May 1. We find, then, that the uncollected taxes on May 1, this year, about 11,800, amount to almost exactly what they were at the same period last year. The receipts from privilege taxes and the ad valorem taxes to be paid by merchants will be about the same from May 1 this year that they were from May 1 last year. Then the only other item in the way of receipts or disbursements that need enter into this calculation is from the water and light plant. The condition of that plant is such that wq have a right to expect more money above expenses from May 1, this year, than was collected for the same period last year. 1 am gratified to state, gentle men, I that more money can be spared for the building of sewers, j Why Shake with a Chill when WHITE'S CHILL TONIC is Guaranteed to Cure ? ' : -TOR SALE BY - . WHITE . BUKCHARB, The Leading Druggists. The 190. 1 n..,.. - . w , ,, Isv7. ConoUlted September 1, XS97. B. HARRISON'S SARSAPARILLA A L, L, B N the work to begin during the pres ent year, than I estimated in a re port to you some time ago that could be spared. 1 then said, if 1 remember correctly, if there were no ordinary expenses incurred, that there would be a surplus from 1905 taxes avail-able for sewers this year of about $3,200. It now appears to me, as shown, by the foregoing statement:, that the avail able surplus should be nearer $5, 000. This may be accounted for in part by an increased income from the water and light plant. Now should we conclude, gentle men, and should the people of the city conclude by an affirmative vote to authorize you to go into this work, we may reasonably de pend on $4,000 surplus next year, with tho tax rate remaining like it is now, 1.15. lnen if sewers should be commenced this year I would recommend that the tax rate be increased for next year 25 cents, thus putting the rate back where it. has been for many years until this year. This would give about $2,500 additional money, which added to the amount avail able for this year and next, at $4,000 per year, would bring the total amount available for sewers up to December 31, 1907, say $ 10, 500. . As you will see, this makes an allowance of $1,000 per year for contingencies. According to arrangement with the council at its last meeting, ac companied by Alderman S.S. Alex ander and Superintendent Wade, I made a trip to Corinth, Birming ham and Holly Springs to learn what we could in regard to the, sewerage of these cities-j-how it was put in, what it cost, and to apply the conditions we might find elsewhere to our own home town. At Corinth we found local condi tions much the same as they are here, and that seven and one-half miles of sewers had been complet ed for about six months. We ex amined the ground carefully where the main sewer pipe is discharged j into a branch about one nnle from the city and found the local sur roundings at that place in no man ner offensive. No septic tank or vat is used at Corinth, the method being the sam'e that we talked about here at first and that has been in use elsewhere for the last hundred years. The seven and one half miles cost complete about $22,500 or $3,000 per mile. This does not include the expense of connecting private houses with the sewers, this being a matter for the owners of the houses. The people are connecting at Corinth very Blowly because of the cost of the same and of the scarcity of plumbers. The work was done by a bond issue, but it will evidently be several years before the people are fully connected, although there is a citv ordinance requiring that UNION CITY, TENN. BEST KNOWN BLOOD PURIFIER Sis Bottles for $5.00 1 " SOLD AND GUARANTEED BIT r. D RUG COMPANY the same shall be done within a reasonable time. At Birmingham we found a won derf ul city, controlled by energetic men who are doing things on a big scale. The city engineer quit his work and gave us every courtesy we could have asked and far more than we had any right to expect. He went with us fourteen miles away to where the sewers of the cities of Birmingham, Bessemer, Calera and others, all combined, are being discharged into septic tanks prepared for the purpose. We had been advised in advance that the city engineer, Mr. Kend rick, was regarded as high author ity on the construction of sanitary sewers all over this country, and particularly on septic tanks in connection therewith. He advised us that the uss of such tanks is not yet out of the experimental stage, but that enough had been developed to justify and demand their use by all cities and towns where there is any question about the discbarge of sewers in locali ties where people might be dam aged by the contamination of streams, or by clone proximity of homes to the plaoeof discharge. The sewers of these combined cities, remarkable as it may ap pear, after having been emptied into the vats or tanks, the water running away from them is per fectly clear aod appears in no way offensive. Everything found here was on too big a scale to do us much good in the work needed at home, except that we could see how it was doee and could determine what tho result would be under like conditions on a smaller scale. After receiving many courtesies from the officials at Birmingham, we looked about us for a city nearer our own size, where such conditions as exist at home bad been put to a practical test. Being advised that Holly Springs, Miss., was the place, we at once went there. The city has about 3,000 inhabitants, we were advised, and it appeared to us conditions for ay ing the sewers were much the same as they would be at home for doing such work. About seven miles of sewers have been laid there emptying into a tank or vat prepared to receive the discharge of the main pipe, with gravel beds for filtering the water just below the septic tanks. The seven miles there, including the tanks, cost about $18,000; this money provid ed, as is usual in such cases, by a bond issue. Although there are as many as three residences where people have been living continu ously within a very short distance of where the tanks are located, the Superintendent advised us that no word of complaint had reached him of anything offensive or unpleasant connected with the sewers from any of these people. It appears to us that the idea that we had bad formerly that our own sewers, if built, could not be ter mica ted in Houser Creek at some point near the city, is dispelled, and we feel justified in saying that if any person living near the creek should feel like they might be OMMERC1A FRIDAY, MAY 18, 1906. damaged in consequence of such a thing, if they would go to Holly Springs they would find their fears are groundless, because there the sewers terminate within the cor porate limits of the city with peo ple living around about, as stated. Much courtesy was shown us also at Holly Springs by the superin tendent of the water and sewer plants, and we are satisfied if sew ers are put in in this city the work will cost as little, if not less, than at Holly Springs. The people are attaching to the sewers at Holly Springs very slowly also, for the reasons given for Corinth. If you conclude, gentlemen, that we are ready to begin the work of sewers in this city it will be neces sary to order an election, where each tax payer shall have the right to record his vote and instruct us j whether to go' forward or not. The money on hand now was col lected for other purposes, and it would not be proper or lawful for us to divert it and lay it out in a way not provided by law at the time the tax was collected. Furth er, to begin the work means that it must be finished; to finish it un der the plan I shall advise will re quire more time than the present Board will be in office. If the people had not spoken authorita tively upon the subject, our suc cessors oaight conclude we had made an unwarranted use of the money on hand and refuse to go forward and complete the sewers on the lines laid down at the be ginning. I suggest, gentlemen, and rec ommend that this work be com menced as soon as practicable and that about four uniles of sewer be contracted for and built, together with the necessary septic tanks and filtering beds as quickly as the same can be done, having due care always that nothing be done so hastily that mistakes may be made. A competent engineer would have to be employed, plans drawn for sewering the whole town, specifications drawn for re ceiving bids, etc. Then I would recommend that four miles be let to the lowest and best bidder, to gether with the septic tanks, etc. This would cost probably $10,000 to $12,000, which amount can be made available, as 1 have set out, by the time the work can be done. It will take some time to make the necessary surveys, drawings and calculations and to advertise for and receive bids, but I hope if the work is begun at once that much of it may be completed by Decem ber next. If we should go so far as to make the entire outlay for the first four miles before the taxes are collected next year we could do as we did with the deep well; we could borrow the money on our own note and pay it back when the taxes are collected. We would have no power to bind the city, but with the people behind us, instructing that the work be done as we were doing it, there would be no danger. I am aware that objections have been raised to doing the work in tho way I have set out for the GOOD ii Or rather Tan. An Eastern Fash ion paper says that tan shoes will be more in demand 1 many years, and scared too quicK ana cur. tne price on every tan shoe we have. Too bad for us good enough tor you. Harrlu Rrns A IL IIUI MJ UIUVI reason that some people would get sewers before others,vand that all should have the benefit of them at the same time, as all will have to pay their taxes at the same time. The answer to this is: It is not possible to do such work as this in the way 1 have set out and pay for it all at one time. Further I will state, and want the people to get the benefit of it for whatever they may think it worth, that sewers are not built by public taxation as a luxury for anybody, but as a sanitary necessity that the health of the people may be preserved. If the City Council shall lay out the first four miles to be built, first along the principal business streets, then along a street where the most people live, having in mind the ability of the house own ers to connect with the sewers at once, and then enact an ordinance compelling every person within reach of the sewers to connect with them at once, a good start will have been made. According) to what we found wherever we went many people account it great hardship to be forced to make the outlay necessary to con nect with the sewers, usually not less than $00 for each house, unti they get ready. It is not difficult to see that there are many people who own small houses and live in them themselves who are not able to make the outlay necessary to connect with the sewers, but if nearly everybody else has con nected the health of all will be benefited and protected accord ingly. If this work is begun ac cording to what I have said we are able to see through one-half of it by January 1, 1908. Then if the same economy shall prevail for the next succeeding two years, and no untoward accident has oc curred in the city that will require a large sum of money out of the ordinary, we may hope to see the work completed and paid for by January 1, 1910. This estimates that eight miles will be sufficient to sewer the entire town wherever tbey will be needed, as it is at this time, or as it will be at that time. I have no argument to make why we should begin to build sewers at this time any further than to call j Drs. Turner, Parks & Hughes DENTISTS. Everything by Electricity Telephone 144. VOL. 16, NO. 18 Or One Bottle for $1.00 Phone 223 DAY OR NIGHT DEAL YELLOW this season than for just to think we got Haaiifiivnnd fin IIUgUVHUUU WWi m your attention to the fact that the necessity is great; no greater pos sibly than it has been for the last ten years, however. You will agree with me that the city has re cently been in no condition to pay for such work unless by an addi tional bond issue, and of the two evils, a greater bond issue or no sewers, I prefer to do without the sewers ten years longer, if neces sary, if the town should not grow more rapidly than it has in the past. 1 will call your attention also id the fact, to which you can attest, that under your own administration the town has paid out 118,000 fof extraordinary purposes within the last four years and in the mean time reduced the taxes 25 centa on the hundred dollars. You know that it was said if taxes should be reduced for the year 1906 the city would come out at the end of the year in debt. JNow 1 have at tempted to show you in this argu ment when the taxes laid for 1906 have been expended, if no extraor dinary work has been begun or paid for, there ought to be about $5,000 in the city treasury. You can see then that with no improve ments contemplated the city taxes should be reduced as low as $1, and I shall certainly recommend that this be done for the coming year if it is decided not to begin the building of sewers, or to start some other needed improvement. I will state that the present out standing bond issue is about $67, 500 and the interest rate 6 percent on same. Jf no other bonds are issued these bonds can be refunded when the time arrives in 1911, I believe, at probably as low as 4 per cent. It goes without saying that the present debt is large enough and as large as investors think safe. Then if it should be increased for sewers or any other purpose we could not hope for a lower rate of interest on city bonds than is now being paid. Jno. T, Walker, Chair. Look! Best Patent Flour at $5.25, at mill. Strictly guaranteed or money re funded. Dahnke-Walker 3jMiHing: Co.