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The commercial. (Union City, Tenn.) 190?-193?, July 20, 1906, MAGAZINE SECTION, Image 5

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Thousands from All Parts of World
Tnronged Historic City. Church
Seat SOOO.-Tllcr Than Bunker
Hill .lonumenu
Tin; dedication ill June of a mag
nificent ut'W atltlltlou to the Aloiher
Church of the Christian Science ue
uouiiuiuiun, iu lloHton, wan au event
of the highest sigulticuuce iu the his
tory of this religious body.
l'.uilt us the result of a Bjontaneous
recognition of Mrs. Eddy' life workaud
of the Imperative demands of the mar
velous growth of the movement, ex
pressing the liberality of thousands of
Christian Scientists, aDd embodying
the best In architectural design and
, modern 'onstnu'tion, this new building
was logically the central feature of
this year's gathering.
The church Is one of the largest, if
not the largest In the United States,
Its Beating capacity being 5,012. Its
style of architecture Is Italian Uenais
sance. The pews and other Interior
mushing are of mahogany, The
walls are Concord granite and Bedford
mono, witn oeautirui decorative carv
ings. The inside finish is a soft gray
to harmonize with the Bedford stone
columns supporting the dome. The
height of the building to the top of the
lantern Is 224 feet, Just one foot higher
than Hunker 11111 monument. The
dome Is eighty-two feet In diameter
and Is covered with terra cotta to
match the Bedford stone. The build
ing presents a stately, dignified and
impressive appearance, and It Is al
ready recognized as one of the land
marks of Boston.
The cost of the building Is some
thing less than $2,000,000. The new
chimes consist of eleven bells, the
largest of which weighs 4.000 pounds.
The smallest bell weighs 400 pounds.
The organ Is one of the largest and
finest In the world.
The original "Mother Church" which
adjoins the new building seats about
1,200, and yet three Sunday services
are required to accomodate the attend
ance. It Is said that when this edifice
scope, which will merely detect and re
cord the fact that there has been an
earth tremor. Some of these are bo
" uipiHHl as to indicate the time of
, disturbance.
Second is the seismometer, the func
tion of which is to measure the max!
mum force of the shock, either with or
without an Indication of its direction.
The third instrument is the seismo
graph, which is so arranged that it
will accurately record the number, sue
cession, direction, amplitude and
iHTiod of successive oscillatieus. The
last Instrument is by far the most
delicate of the three.
In the construction of this earth
quake-recording machine the maker
must so susiHjud a heavy body that
when its normal position is disturbed
in the most infinitesimal degree, no re
actionary force will be developed
tending to restore it to its original
position. The Inventor has never beeu
found who could accomplish this sus
pension of a body to perfection. The
seismograph of to-day, however, has
reached a stage of i rfection where
close approximations are obtained in
the records made.
The complementary part of the In
strument Is composed of a system of
levers connecting an astatlcally sus
pended body with various surfaces
hat are moved by clockwork. These
surfaces are constructed of highly sen
sitive material, on which needles play
as the suspended weight responds to
the vibratious of the earth's crust.
The most elaborate of these ma
chines are capable of recording the
vertical and two horizontal motions
of the earth In the case of a seismic
Boy. Rescued From Drowning,
Mother Administers an Addi
tional Lesson.
An interesting little story of very
human Interest comes from the river
front on the outskirts of New York
City where Signora Gennro, who re-
cmtly came to this country, from
Naples, was walking the other day with
her seven-year-old son. Antonio, for an
airing. While she was watching a
passing- steamboat the little chap
frisked along .the pier and then-
splash, into the river.
The mother's shrieks were heard by
a patrolnlun. He Jumped Into a boat
T i T"T 1 III i ii.i .iimi. mini. !'-!
ri J fi n h r n t n .
J row!
T j mi
' i' - ; J I V Ml
was planned some- of the members
were disturbed on account of Its size,
They thought that the provision of so
large as auditorium was entirely uiv
called for. the attendance at that time
; being only about 5.r0.
Mrs. Eddy, organized the First
Church of Christ, Scientist, In Boston
In 187!) with twenty-six members. S
slow was the growth of the movement
at first that In 1SNS), ten years later,
there were only eleven churches.
From that time, however, the Increase
was more rapid. In 181)9, there were
SOI churches. There are now 657
churches and 27! societies not yet or
ganized as churches, making 032 so
cieties holding church services. In
1SS!) there were only 450 members In
the entire connection. In 1804 the
total membership was 2.530. Five
years later It had reached 1S.134.
These figures show that the principal
growth has taken place during the
past seven years. The membership at
the present time Is alxmt 72,000.
The dedicatory exercises were at
tended by visitors from all parts of
the United States and Canada, from
Great Britain, Australia, Sweden. len
mark, France,-Germany, Switzerland,
the Hawaiian Islands. South America
and other foreign countries.
, One hundred and forty-five church
edifices have already jeen erected by
lliH Christian scientists, mese, as a
whole, compare favorably with those
of the older denominations. It Is
said that when funds are no longer
needed for the completion of the
Mother Church a large number of
hnilirmtrs win be commenced In dif
ferent parts of the country.
They Are the Most Delicate f All
The Instruments Invented for the
recording of the motions of the earth's
crnt during an earthquake are looked
upon by scientists as the most deli
cate of all machines. So highly sen
sitive are they, Indeed, that the very
slightest vibratory motion Is recorded
perfectly. Even the trend of feet can
not escape this instrument, If sufficient
tn cause vibration.
There are three classes of Instru
ments for the automatic recording of
earthquakes, each with Its own partic
ular function. First Is the sclsmo-,
and fished out Antonio. The police
man had only one oar, and it was
awkward work getting to the boy and
lifting him Into the boat.
When the signora saw that her son
was safe the anguish In her face gave
w ay to a look of resolute purpose, and
as the dripping Antonio was placed on
the wharf she laid him across her knee
and did what Neapolitan and other
mothers have done to their errlag
Jewels ever since boys wore pants.
Her Master Waa a Gentleman.
A Boston couple were recreating
near Augusta, and met an old negro
woman to whom they took a fancy.
They invited her to pay them a visit,
and the colored woman accepted, es
pecially as her expenses were to be
In due time she arrived in Boston
and was installed in the house of the
white folks. She was given one of the
best rooms, and ate a4 the same table
with her host and hostess.
At one of the meals the hostess said:
"Mrs. Jones, you were a slave, weren't
"Yes, mum," replied the old colored
woman. "I belonged to Mars Robert
"I suppose he never Invited you to
eat at his table?" remarked the Bos
ton lady.
'"No, honey, dat he didn't. My mar
ster was a gemmen. He ain't never let
no nigger set at the table 'longside er
Eschew Teeth Examinations.
Never look a gift horse in the
mouth; but If he's spavined or knock
kneed there's nothing to hinder your
taking account of these accomplish
ments. Could Talk United States.
A Cuban negro, who came to Ala
bama shortly after the cessation of
tne Spanish-American war, became In
volved, says General Fred Grant. In
a quarrel with a native colored cltl
cen of the State mentioned. In his
Imperfect English, the Cuban darky
contemptuously referred to the Ala
baman asv'an African."
"Maybe I la," quickly rejoined the
offended one, "but ef I Is an African.
I thank de Lawd I ain't no Spaniel; an'
what's more, I alnt no Mack Philis
tine! I kin sneak United States, I
Educated Indian Tribesmen Selected
by the "Great rather" to Re-
christen Braves-Bob-talied Coyote
Becomes Robert T. Wolf.
Uncle Sam has recently Inaugurated
a unique and Ingenious project in con
nection with his Indian wards or
at least the most populous division
of them. This is nothing less than a
scheme for renaming every chief and
brave, every squaw and fapoose of
the Sioux tribe. The object of this
wholesale rechristening Is to insure the
right descent of property, something
that has been attended with much
difficulty under the old condition of
affairs when the Sioux had no family j
name, and each redskin could be
Identified only by his own Individual
fanciful name, a cognomen which most
likely had not the slightest resemb
lance to those of any of his relatives.
The renaming of the 25,000 mem
bers of the Sioux Indian tribe was or
dered by President Itoosevelt on the
advice of Hamlin Garland and George
Bird Grinnell, well known authors,
and other persons who have made a
study of the needs of the Indians.
To decide upon the r naming was
however an easy matter In comparison
to the actual carrying out of the
strange undertaking.
The President and his advisors real
ized fsom the outset that it would be
one thing to give the Indians new
names and quite another to induce the
sons and daughters of the forest
ever suspicious of the white men to
accept and use these new names.
However, the Great Father at Washing'
op was fortunate enough to enlist the
cooperation of Dr. Charles Alexander
Eastman, a highly educated physician
nd clergyman, who Is a full-blooded
Sioux, and who came Into national
prominence some time since when he
married Klane Goodale, the talented
young New England poetess. At the
President's solicitation Dr. Eastman,
w ho is considered the best educated
Indian In the world, agreed to person
ally undertake the task of Inducing his
people to adopt the system of family
names desired by the government.
Just what this responsibility meant
will be better understood when it is
explained that not only was Dr. East
man to visit all the Indian villages of
the Sioux tribe and personally bestow
names but be must also devise or In
vent the new names. Just Imagine
selecting given names for 25,000 per
sons of both sexes and apportioning
perhaps half as many or one third as
many different family names In ad
dition. In this portion of his novel mission
ary work for Uncle Sam the Name
Giver, as the Sioux now term their
educated. tribesman, has displayed rare
Judgment and- a fine regard for family
history and tradition among the Sioux
a thoughtfulness that, has done
much to win the good will of these
Intelligent but conservative Indians
for the new project. Whenever pos
sible he has perpetuated an Indian's
old name In his new one. For Instance
High Eagle becomes Mr. Higheagle,
Bob-tailed Coyote was changed to
Robert T. Wolf, and Rotten Pumpkin
has been transformed into Robert
Dr. Eastman has been making a
round of ail the Sioux reservations
which are located for the most part
in the Dakotas and elsewhere in the
Northwest. When he arrives at a
branch agency, or tribal headquarters,
for the purpose of rechristening the
Inhabitants his first move Is to have
a conference with the chief men or
counselors of the place. They, in turn,
been proven that the new system of
names will oe of Hie greatest
benefit and value In insuring the cor
rect descent of Government allot
ments of la ml from generation to gen
eration. Incidentally it may be noted
that even thus early this untangling
of lines of descent has wou for some
Indians valuable property rights pre
viously deu led them. As a case in
ioint it may be cited that ouiy a few
weeks ago Dr. Eastman waa intru
mental in securing for a young squaw
040 acres of rich land of high value
which had been temporarily lost to
her owing to her separation from her
own tribe, and which an unscrupulous
relative was on the point of selling
when President Roosevelt's special
commissioner stepped in and set
things right
'Phoning Through Flenh.
To talk through the human body
or a row or human bodies, ror tne
matter of that is one of the weirdest
"Snatch It! Snatch It!" whispered
Reddy the "lookout," pal to "Jimmy
the Swift," who won this title from
the lightning rapidity with whicli he
was known to relieve men's pockets
of their contents.
In a moment the practiced fingers
or jimmy nau skillfully extracted a
flat seal purse from the pooket of a
slight young man who was busily
eioowing nis way th jugh the cr-wd
that was besieging a Mated Broad
way car.
The day had not been a rich one for
the "picks," and Swifty eyed the thin
purse rather suspiciously.
"Mighty sllm-looklng, hey, Red?"
1- i
of the electrician's feate. If a tele
phone wire be severed and the two
ends be held by a person, one in each
hand, but far part. It is quite possible
for a conversation to be carried on
through the body, as readily and as
distinctly as if the line had been
properly connected.,
Their Compass Points to the South
The Chinese do everything back
wards, from a Caucasian point of
view. Their compass points to the
South, Instead of the north. The men
wear their hair long, while the women
coil theirs in a knot The dressmakers
are men, the women carry burdens,
The spoken language is not written,
and the written language is not
spoken. Books are read backwards,
Iff tV &v - i'lv V
In reply Remly drew up one side of
bis face, exposing his deep yellow
canines, pulled the remnants of a hat
over his arms, and, leaning against
the Side of a great building In quiet
shadow, . struck an attitude that
seemed to say, "Well, here I am, pre
pared for anything go ahead and
show your booty."
Somehow Swifty was slower than
usual In bringing his "snatch to light.
He felt the purse, pressed It between
his hands turned it over and over, and
at last, seeing Reddy's eyes flash im
patience, he reluctantly opened the
"Well, I'll be smothered!" cried
Reddy, as Jim pulled out a faded pink
envelope from which fell a lock of
gray hair and a newspaper clipping
bearing the seared marks ef time. It
was an obituary, praising the life and
work of the deceased. The dead
woman, It said, had been an exemplary
wife and mother, and one of the
sweetest, noblest and most honored
memtiers of the community. Her loss
was therefore mourned by every one
who had the happiness of knowing her.
She left an only son. All. this the boy
read aloud, amid frequent stops to
spell the hard words o his chum, who
listened with a cynical smile. At tin
end of the reading he was about to
shout with derisive laughter, when
Jim, springing forward, collared hint,
and with a tone utterly new to him.
said sternly:
".Look here. Red! You and Is
friends that's all right; but as sure
as I'm a thief, this here ain't no stuff
for a feller to laugh at!" N
For an answer Red thrust his hands
Into his pockets, eying Jim curiously
the while, and turned on one to with
a long low whistle.
"I never had no mother," murmured
Jim. "She died when I was a little
chap, so I nevfr knew her, but It must
be awfully nice for a feller to have
a mother like that ft) be good to him.
and learn him things. Whv, who
knows, perhaps if you and me had had
mothers like that livln", instead of
bein kicked 'round by t. e 'boss', who
never gets enough oot of us, we might
a bad a good achnolin' and been niak
In' an honest livln',' Instead of thlevlu'
In New York." ,'
These words of regret upon the past
of his young life, nnd the expressed
desire for something better, from one
whose only home almost since In
fancy had been the street, and whose
companions had been crooks and
ne'er-do-wells, was too much for the
incorrigible Reddy. whose worship
consisted of heroes that were daring
villains, nnd not penitent sinners.
He could hardly suppress his con
tempt for the, to him, now "Soft"
Jimmy, hence he drawled, with a
"You ain't goln to sqnenl on ac
count of that find, !e you, Jim?"
"See, there you are! Go ahead, Jim.
Look at the bunch of greenles sticking
out of the old feller's coat quick.
The habit of years could not bo
overcome in a moment. Gondeil hv
his tempter, Jimmy stealthily leaped
rorwaru. ana in a second his fingers
would have been on the bunch of
paper money which the evil eye, of
Reddy "spotted" in the old man's
pocket. Like a flash came the sli?ht
of the purse, the gray lock of hair, the
words iu the newspaper that made
such an Impression upon him no, he
would not, he could not anv more
Ills hand dropped to his side. Tim
old man disappeared with the money,
safe from Jimmy's wicked fingers.
Jim s liead sank until his chin rested
upon his naked chest, his companion
glaring at him with eyes furious with
"Well, 'tal'nt no use," said Jim.
quietly but firmly; "I couldn't, Red,
somehow, after that and I'll never
try it again.
You get another pal If you wint
to but I tell you that I ain't goln' to
keep this here pocketbook nor nothla'
what's In It. It's done it for me: I've
quit the profession."
That night a black seal nurse whs
left in t..e office of one of the great
New York newspapers, with a note
scrawled in pencil, as follows:
"Please try to llnd the owner of this.
I gess he wants It bad. The thief as
was." Los Angeles Times.
In Extremis.
The four-year-old daughter of - a
clergyman was ailing one night and
was put to bed early. As ber mother
was about to leave ber she called her
"Mamma," she said, "I want to see
my papa."
"No, dear," her mother replied,
"your papa is busy and must not be
"But, mamma," the child persisted,
"I want to see my papa."
As before, the mother replied: "No,
your papa must not be disturbed."
But the little one came back with a
"Mamma," she declared solemnly,
"I am a sick woman, and I want to
see my minister."
send out a herald or town
summon all the people to a
mass meeting and at this tbe "Name
Giver" explains the President's wishes
at length. '
At the outset many of the assembled
Indians may be prone to grumble
agalnsi the new system, but grad
ually Dr. Eastman will win them over,
and in his labors thus far he has not
encountered more than half a dozen
Indians who have steadfastly refused
to change their names However,
hundreds of the Indians have con
fided to fcim that they would accept
the new system of names only because
they had the assurance of a fellow
tribesman (Dr. Eastman) that It was
a good plan, and that they wonld
never have tolerated it had a white
man come among them and broached
the Rcheme,
and any notes are Inserted at the top.
White Is used for mourning, and
bridesmaids wear black.
An Argument.
One touch of nature makes the whole
world kin.
One bunch of grafters takes the whole
world's skin:
One touch of humor makes the whole
world grin.
And food adulteration keeps the whole
world thin.
Kansas City Times.
Same Old Game.
The angler sallies forth again.
And bv the brooklet's shore
Doth Idly lie and flsn and then
Goes home and lies some more.
There are In round numbers one mil
Although the renaming of the Stoui 'lion inhabited bouses in Greater Lon-
tis not yet completed It bas already don.
In - 1 TV '
l j ''tilt, i . m in
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Number 6187.
Designed bv Bektha Browning.
rto nouseiteeper can unnra to oe without
Hfieiui apron, cap and sleeves fur the time when
the houne must be ftwept nnd dumed and there
i no one else to do it. These ate invaluable
on other occasions when there in other Work to
do which would ao I jMiludv's gown and the
rcouejs BKetcrea are ueKixneu especially for
uLMue vouauuiHion arm very easily znaue. 1 he
apron conaiata of a u Arrow aquare voke tn m
which the full straight portion depend. The
underarm Ream t left open for a short distance
to allow plenty of room for the sleeve to pK
rnronjin. j ne cap v modelled on tnequaini
J re sii
Uutch order and very becoming
rovide tor a shirr atring or elaatic to te run in
p and bottom to hold them in place. GinR
m, percale and madras ate suitable materials.
b'or the medium size 0 yards are needed.
6137 8l7ea, small, medium and large.
17 Battery Place, New York City.
For 10 cents enclosed pleate send pattern
No. 6487 to the following address i
crry and state.
.f - . A

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