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Drs. Turner, Parks & Hughes
DENTISTS. Mary Street, Union City Telephone Hi. COMME RCI L Drs. tar, Parks & Hughes DENTISTS. Mary Street, Union City Telephone 144. Pnion City Commercial, ett.i!ihel ISM. J ,, , . . ,..UIIhllf . 183 W.J Tennpnee Courier, estatilUbed 17. i unMU utea BPWlBDer 1. isn. UNION CITY, TENN, FRIDAY, MAY 31, 1907. VOL. 17, NO. 10 Fl IMIP A TT Vfll ID UnRflEO MAW btefe the h0t' Skly weather coes on'1 .If hav ever J!ad 'typhoid fever, pneumonia, scarlet' fever, diph- lUhliUHIL lUUIl IIUIVILU HUM theria or any of the other contagious and infectious diseases in your, house, you should thoroughly disinfect iiuw, we win luuijgaic juuj iiuusc wim luiuitiiucn uc gu.&, uic most powenui germicide ana nncrocide known for $i.oo per room. Your doctor recommends this method. RED CRO First' Aid to the Sick. DRUG WATSON it KIMZEY, PROPRIETORS. SENTENCED TO HANG. Lee Holder to be the First Example of Capi- lf T 1 TT ' . v a runisnment in union iity. Judge Jones Pronounces the Sentence of Death to Take Place Friday, July 12. Last Tuesday morning a large crowd bf spectators assembled in the courtroom to hear the disposition of the Lee Holder verdict by Judge Jones. Attorney for the defense, R. A. Pierce, was heard upon bis motion for a new hearing. After some argument this was over ruled. Then the counsel argued for an arrest of judgment and this was also overruled, , Then the Judge called on the prisoner to stand up and the sentence of death was passed upon him as follows: Lee Holder: You have been indicted, arraigned, plead not guilty and have been tried by a legal and competent Jury on the charge of murder In the first degree. The Jury sworn and charged to try you on the indictment for that crime have returned a verdict In your case against you for murder in the first degree. A motion for a new trial has been made in your behalf and overruled by the Court. The penalty for the crime of murder in the first degree is death by hanging. As directed by the law, it is therefore considered, and is the judgment of the Court, that you be remanded to the county . jail of Obion County and there safely kept in said jail until Friday, the 12th day of July,1907,when you will on said day and within lawful hours by the Sheriff of said Obion County, Tennessee, be hanged by the neck until you are dead. When the Judge finished reading the tears were visible on his face, and with emotion he addressed the youthful prisoner in language ot pity and commiseration, expressing regret that it became his painful duty to impose the sentence. The Judge closed with the hope that by some inscrutable decrees of Providence they might meet again. It is understood that counsel for defense will appeal the case to the Supreme Court. OUR COUNTY SCHOOLS. THE VERDICT. Murder In The First Degree And No Mitigating Circumstances. This was the verdict ot the jury in the case of the. State, McDade et al. vs. Lee Holder, charged with the murder of his father, Rev. B L. Holder, near Troy, on the even ing, of the 27th of December la6t It is said that the prisoner gave no outward siirns ot emotion when the iurv returned the verdict Those who watched say that h did not even bat an eye cr reveal the movement of a muscle. The same stolid indifference character ized his action, or inaction, all ' through tragedy and investigation It is said also that he coollf rolled a cigarette while his mother wept over the dead body and that he maintained this indifference until last Friday when his mother asked him what the verdict was. He re plied seemingly without ., uch con cern that it amounted to nothing but a few months in jail. Mr. Pierce, counsel for the de fease, immediately made a motion for a new hearing. Judge Jones stated that the motion would be heard this week, on Monday or Tuesday. Extra big, extra good window shades at extra little prices. Bell Furniture Co., phone 530. Hang' ing not extra. BASEBALL. Another Game Is Dropped By The Locals After a Warm Contest. In ten innings ot fast ball play ing Union City suffered another de feat handed them by Hickman's fast team. Notwithstanding the fact that the Hickman boys had very much the advantage in size, it was a hard-fought setto. The locals started off like winners by scoring two runs in the first round. Until the filth inning the Hickman b!cb were unable to score b'.it in that round a three-base hit by Richards, a Pacific Coaat Leaguer, with the bases full, 'netted three runs. Pitching honors were even ly divided, each pitcher striking out thirteen batters and allowing only four hits. With the bat, Callahan and Richards carried off the hon ors, each getting two hits out of . four times op. The following will explain how it happened: R H E Union City 20300201 08 4 6 Hickman 0 0 0 0 3 2 5 0 0104 5 Battery; Pique and Callahan; Richards and Boots. Time 1 hour and 27 minutes. Attendance 214. Umpire Dobbins. ; SECOND GAME. I The return game was played here Tuesday and the game was again lost in the seventh inning This inning seems to be the "Jo nah" to our boys as every game we have lost this season got away in the seventh. Up till that inning i was a fast, an interesting game.the locals having the advantage ot 5 to 2, but in that inning the visitors secured three hits and several er rors by the locals gave Hickman a lead that could not be overcome Quite a large crowd was in attend ance which was appreciated very highly by the boys. Battery: Union City, Pique and Callahan; Hickman, Richards and Naylor. Struck out by Richards, 11; Pique 15. Hits, Hickman 6, Locals 8. Time, 1 hour and 31 minutes. Attendance, 283, Um pires, Lanier and Robinson. The Boggy Trade. The finest buggies, best buggies, prettiest buggies, most stylish bug gies, buggies for young men, bug gies for business men, buggies for young ladies, buggies for married couples, buggies for preachers, bug gies for doctors, buggies for every body. Everything good in buggies and everything in buggies that is good. Nothing too good for the customer who buys Beckham's bug gies, and nothing better than the buggy he buys. If you want a buggy, see Beckham. If you don't want a buggy, see him anyway ; you may need a buggy. Pioneer in uggies. Knows what a buggy is. Knows the merits of a buggy. Knows what buggies are made, of. Knows which are the best. Sells the best for the money that is made. His guarantee is the best. Talks buggies, handles buggies, sells bug gies, uses buggies. See. Beckham and make no mistake in buying a ugsrj- ... 'I have been somewhat costive. but Doan's Regulets eive iust the re sults desired. They act mildly and regulate the bowels perfectly." Geo. B. Krause,306 Walnut ave.,Altoona,Pa To those interested in our county schools: There is much to be consid ered in the development and mainte nenceof our rural and village schools. There are signs of educational growth; ourcounty's wealth is great; the school per capita is unequaled by that of any other county; our people are intelli gent and our children are mentally bright. An army of teachers in the county are busy as bees educating the "rising generation." All these things are evidences of educational growth. But on the other hand, there are many evidences of weaknesses In our schools that demaud our serious considera tion. While a few, perhaps, through selfish and mercenary motives, are in juring our schools, there are many un wittingly doing so. Tla to this latter class that this appeal is being made for needed corrections and reforms. TheCounty Superintendent shall SSSSe the conditions as he finds them, not as he desires them Nothing in . this article is here written as a criticism on others. ILLEGAL CENSUS. The Public School Laws, as stated in Sec. 21, says: "In the month of J uly the clerk of the school district shall take a census of all persons residing in the school district between the ages of six and twenty-one years, and to gather the statistics relative to edu cation, according to forms furnished by the State Superintendent of Public Instruction." This census and other information hou'ld be collected and sent to the County Superintendent between July 1 and July 10. It is important that the census be made promptly and accurately and that no "padding'.' of reports be allowed. Rec ords in this office show that some dis tricts now nave from one to twenty pupils listed that should not have been reported in the census report The present Grand Jury Is now invest! gating some such reports. It la in slsted that the census be made prompt ly and accurately. The Superintend ent will canvass carefully the returns and all errors, as far as possible, cor rec ted. ' TRANSFERRING FUNDS, ETC. In some parts of the county and in some school districts, there has been confusion and dissatisfaction as a re sult of transferring funds and pupil from one school district to another It appears that some do not under stand the law pertaining to transfers To aid in the subject, let's take the following illustration: There are two districts adjoining, we will say and "b." Pupils living in "a" but reside nearer the echoolhouse in "b than they do to schoolhouse in "a, may attend the school in district "b' and the school funds for such pupils thus attending shall, or may, be trans ferred from "a" to "b." The law says that when such pupils In "a" shall attend in "b," the Directors in "a shall certify the facts to the Trustee of the county and he shall transfer the pro rata from "a" to "b" to be applied to funds In district "b." Read ing paragraph (9) under Sec. 24 of the School Laws, explains the course that should be observed by the Directors. It is clearly the duty of the Directors in district "a" to certify to the County Trustee the number of pupils thus attending district "b" and the funds be transferred. There is another fea ture of this transferring funds that should be discussed. While none but the Trustees can, legally make trans fers, they have a responsible work in so doing. In order to protect one dis trict from another, it is necessary to transfer only such pupils as specified n Sec. 22, paragraph 9. To illustrate: There is one school district in the county in which thirty pupils were ranf erred to .another district. Asa result, 8150.00 were transferred to the adjoining district, thus shortening the other school three months. Such process as this builds up one school the detriment of another, and should not exist. LIMIT OF ATTENDANCE. The directorsin making contracts with teachers for schools, should en force that part of the contract which to says; "The Directors reserve the right to terminate this contract whenever the attendance falls below pupils for ten successive days." If the district is a small one, 15 Is suggested as a limit; if the district is a large one, the limit should be larger. Many good reasons could be given for such limits. Directors representing various schools have recently come to the Superintendent's office to confer with a view of Increasing the attend ance in said districts. In one district, with a school census of nearly 100 pupils, the average attendance for several months was not more than 12. In the district referred to the teacher received about 850.00 a month for near nine months Under such conditions, if the attendance can not be increased, the school should be closed and the funds preserved and added to the next year's funds. COMBINING DISTRICTS. The inequality of schools and the combining of districts are two things that demand careful consideration. Surety our sfmall districts should be combined. In law, and In principle, all children have eoual rights and privileges. Every child and every community should have equal oppor tunities for education. Educationally, no community is better than another. Tax payers in a small district pay to support schools just as those do in largA districts. . In Kentucky and In the 'majority of other States the schools have equal lengths of terms. In Kentucky every public school in the State has equal term six months. In Tennessee, by special acts, the counties of Montgomery and Lauder dale have had such arrangement for four years, and as a result the schools in those two counties have made un precedented progress. The small dte trjets have been united, every teacher has a good salary, and every district has an eight, months school. Under the new School Directory Law, enact ed by the last Legislature, such con ditlons will exist in every county In the State, save In Obion County, where still we have the old system of three Directors for each school, or 258 for the county. Under our system of dis trict supervision, nothing general or uniform can exist, save by common consent. Every district is separate and Independent. In our county we have 8 white schools. Excluding the town and village schools, the pupils listed in the various rural districts range in number from 156 to 28. For illustration let's take the following districts, known as Ilazelwood, Hamp ton, Old Republican, Stovall and Oak Ridge, all primary schools with one teacher in each school. The school population in tnese districts is re spectively 26, 32, 45, 90, 125. The per capita this year is 85.00, therefore each of these has, respectively, 8130, 8160, 8225, 8450 and 8625. No one would dare deny' that pupils in one district de serve as good instruction as do those of another district. No one would grants that the children in a small dlstr'ct are less intellectual than those in a larger district. The aver age Salary per month received by teachers in Obion County is about 845. .At that rate, the months taught for the districts referred to above would be 2 8-9, 3 5-9, 10 and 13 8-9. That means, that the pupils in Hazel- wood should receive 2 8-9 months schooling each year, Hampton 3 5-9 months, Old Republican 5 months, Stovall 10 months,, and Oak Ridge 13 8ft months'. Again, where do tb; older and best instructors teach? Where now are the best teachers con- t.rm-t.inir fnr thA nvt, dinfil tear The answer Is, in the targe districts, while the small districts get none but young and inexperienced teachers and the "culls" who have failed it other schools. Once again, every thought ful observer knows that children, like rown people, prefer . congregating where the larger crowd assembles. Ilente it is observatle that, every thing being equal, the larger the dis trict the more interest tbere is mani fested. If it be desired to improve the school, and its educational interests, the district should be enlarged, if pos sible, but never divided. Examples could be given in this county where the blending of two small districts has resulted in the enhancing of both Two examples will suffice to illustrate the above statement. In Civil Dis trict Number Nine there Is one of the largest and best rural schools in Obion County. The name of the school Is "Union." The district has 152 white pupils, with an annual income of 87C0. As a result that district enjoys a seven months' school each year, with two teachers at a salary of 8100 a month, or 8700 for the term, with 860 yearly for incidentals. W. M. Freed, one of the Directors, says that for no con sideration would the people of that district have the old districts re-established. Another illustration isChapel Hill, in Civil District Number Six teen. Just a few" years ago Chapel Hill district consisted of twodlstrlcts, both primary, with funds only to main tain a five months' school yearly. With the aid of Ex-Supt. Moore and influen tial citizens of the community, the two districts were combined, and now the district has 165 pupils with a yearly income of 8825. That means that Chapel Hill has each year an eight months' secondary school, with ex perienced instructors. Mr. R. A. Gos suhi, one of the Directors of that dis trict, says that for no reason would he and others re-divide their district. For the purpose of contrast, let's note the condition In Pleasant Hill and Commings districts. Pleasant Ilill has 44 white pupils and Cummings 47. The former receives yearly 8220 and Cummings $235. Neither district can maintain its school longer than five months each year, and neither can maintain successfully a secondary de partment. As a result the pupils of these districts must forego a secon dary education or else attend some other school, either in this or some other county or State. Why not com bine these two districts and thus have one good school? What is true of Pleasant Hill and Cummings districts is true of all bther small districts they should be combined, if possible Will not the Directors and patrons in these small districts do all they can to correct Mils error? The County Superintendent will do all he can to accomplish this end. He suggests that in combining small districts the schoolhouse be located as near as pos sible in the center of the district If necessary, tear down both buildings in the two small districts and rebuild in some other locality. With a few dollars taken from the school funds, together with money easily collected by means of suppers, lectures, plays, etc., the school building could be erect ed with comparatively no cost. One other thing tp be considered la this: uuiess me email districts are com bined, the iime Is near at band when such districts will have no experi enced teachers. In fact, 'twill not be long ere such districts will have no teachers at all. Young men and young ladles qualified to teach successful schools can make more money in oth er professions. There Is no induce ment to young people to enter the school room at a small salary for only few months each year, while they can command jrood salaries in other vocations for the year round. ' There are many other things that mjght be well said on this subject of combining schoolsbut the above shall i suffice for the present. The Superln tendent has no thought or usurping the authority of the Directors, but as one who has carefully studied this ubject, and as one who has the wel fare of the boys and girls of the coun- v.,..he asks the earnest consideration of has been said above. UNIFORM GRADING OK SCHOOLS Thls'subject of uniform grading of the county schools has been, generally discussed In the county, hence it is unnecessary here to give the reasons for so grading. Many of the leading teachers of the county have assured the Superintendent that they will proceed to grade their - respective schools; others, it is believed, will do likewise. There are a few teachers, it is understood, who have said they will not even attempt to grade the schools, as directed by law. In gen eral, those teachers who object to grading the schools are those who permit pupils to enter the fourth and fifth readers who have never yet stud ied grammar or arithmetic. It is ad mitad that the grading of the schools cannot be perfected in one session, but it can be done in two years. The Superintendent will gladly aid any teacher having trouble in organizing and grading the schools. That will be both a pleasure and a duty to aid others in such work. TEACHERS' MEETINGS, RALLIES, ETC. The Superintendent expects to have his work so arranged by August next that he will put his whole time In the field until he visits every school In the county and observes the work done by every teacher. Besides visiting the schools, a series of educational meet ings, conferences and rallies will be conducted in every Civil District with a view of Increasing an interest In our schools. At these meetings and rallies such educators as Supts. II. L. Jones, Wharton S. Jones. Frofs. A. L. Todd, P. P. Claxton, Drs. Brown Ayres, A. T. Barrett and others will be present. To assist in creating edu cational sentiment, It is hoped that the teachers and patrons throughout the county will heartily cooperate in this work. Unless the teachers and patrons actively support the Superln- , tendent in his efforts to build tip the schools, nothing scarcely will be accomplished. niGH SCHOOL COURSES. The public schools of Tennessee are divided into two classes the Primary and the Secondary Schools. Any school above the Secondary would be a High School. Excluding Union City (which operates under a special act), there are eight high schools, viz: South Fulton, Rives, Kenton, Mason nail, Obion, Glass, Cloverdale, Troy and Hornbeak. Would It not promote higher attainments and a more gen eral good feeling among the schools of our county if we could orgunize an interscholastlc league which had fop its purpose a higher universal stand ard of excellence through honest ri valry? Two days might be set apart during the year when ail these high schools would meet in competitive work. At this time there could be given an examination in higher math ematics, first year Latin, and what ever else was desired. A composition theme might be set for various com petitors. Work in drawing and pen manship might be exhibited. As a diversion, the evening's entertain ment could be a competitive oratori cal contest for the several schools. Aside from the purely scholastic work, diversions might be offered in an after noon given over to base ball and other athletics. There is no school so Insig nificant that could not offer Its con tribution, and none so excellent that would not have to work hard to win a laurel. Will not the principals of these eight schools unite for the pur poses mentioned above? To promote sucban enterprise the County Super intendent now offers a fine medal to the one who shall make the highest grade on First Tear Latin. Perhaps others will offer medals on other sub jects. - In conclusion, will say that while other and important features of the county schools should be discussed before the public, that all may know exactly the present educational status, still the above will suffice for the pres ent article. Respectfully, W. II. Cook, County Superintendent. Go td Edwards and Brown for extra horse-shoeing. Marriage Licenses. J. M. Lankford and Pearl James. G. Mackaoaliy and Lottie Thomas. L. n. Grace and Ruble Green. Sam Pool and Grace llornsby. Otto Noisworthy and H)L!nde7. Will McClanaban and Mary Maupln. Walter rielfer and Edna Thomas. W. T. Adams and Ethel Cloycs. W. ILForester and Eunice Jackson. , Alonzo Koonce ana Susie Todd Thelbert Ennis and Flossie Fickard. Can't look well, eat well or feel well . with impure blood feeding your body. Keep the blood pure with Burdock Blood Bitters. Eat simnlv. tak ercise, keep clean, and you win have oug iue.