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Marshall c Baird, Union City, Teen Entered nt the not office at fnion City, Ten aesare, as secoaa-ciara mail mailer. ONE DOI.UR A YEAR FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1910. Democratic Ticket Circuit Judge, JOSEPH E. JONES, of Weakley County. Chancellor. C. r. Mc KINNEY, of Ijtudrrdule Coontv. Attorney-General, I). J. CALDWELL, of Obion County. County Ju-le. A. J. LAWSOX. G. Trustee. W. WORLEY. Sheriff. T. J. EASTERWOOD. County Court Clerk, C. S. TALLEY. Clerk of the Circuit Court. II. M. GOLDEN. Retliotcr, J. M. CHAPEL. Announcements. FOR 8KNATOR. CAI,DWEI,l- We ire authorized to announce Fred J. Oild well n candidate for the State Sen ate, to represent Obion, Weakley and Lake Coun tie In the Senate of the State of Tennessee in the General Assembly. Subject to the action of the Democratic party. FOR FLOATER. MeDADE. We are authorized to announce O. R. Mi Dade a candidate for Floater to represent Obion, Lake and Dyer counties in the Tennes see General Assembly, subject to the action of the Democratic party. HOWARD We are authorized to announce S P. Howard a candidate for Floater to represent the counties of Obion, Dyer and Lake in the Tennessee General Assembly, subject to the ac tion of the Democratic party. FOR REPRESENTATIVE. MOORE We are authorized to announce E. N. Moore, a candidate for Representative from Obion County to the Lower House of the Tennessee General Assembly, subject to the action of the Democratic party. Strike the Cause, Doctor, , There would be no need for Federal banking institutions postal banks or central banks if the people would de ' mand of Congress that the system of dealing on margins through the stock and cotton exchanges shall bo repressed and brokers on 'change. They have a grip on the gambling public that is ap palling, and men who should demand a healthy system ttc sileut why so? No need for a change in our financial system if men in position men of iu lluetH would move against this per nicious System. President's special message. Mr. Gar rett cites the clause in the constitution which gives supremacy to general Fed eral enactment and the court decisions that determine Its application. The Government chartered corporations would, he argues, under this clause be superior to any manner of State regula tion or control. The voluntary feature, which the President proposes, does not, he says, affect the fundamental legal phase. While the proposed law would thus make a dangerous curtailment of State regard of State wish or regulation and do private business is not one of the delegated powers. ... I do not ak to aid in fixing conditions in other States. I protest against them being fixed by outsiders for my own." The-speech is said to have attracted the marked attention of the House. It created a running debate, in which Hitchcock, of Nebraska, Hooper, of Wisconsin, and others asked the speak er a number of questions. Mr. Garrett is a young man, only So! years old, and is serving his third term Candidates Qualifying. Pending the action of the Supreme Court on the Primary Election Law a number of candidates have already qualified to be ready in case the law is upheld. The time limit' expires Wed- rights, Mr Garrett believes it would in Congress. He is evidently a profound nesday. March 2, and if the law is not de- also ,je without constitutional warrant, student of constitutional questions and dared unconstitutional every candidate 11 13 lyo far-reaching to be embraced gives evidence of marked legal acu for the Legislature must be qualified under the power given Congress to reg- men. Nashville Banner l... i.t :. : .. : ,i. I nlnte interstatA mmnwiw. Tim Prnui. I - uy tuub Muic in viuer w iuii in iiiv i- i ,.... . . t mary election which takes place April 2. ,J,nt rguvl in support of his proposi- W a,tin2 on Supreme Court Candidates aualifvine must file their tlon tliat tl,e Government Lad chartered i'yersourg, lenu., j-eb. 21. The Con- i . . ... . . i petitions with John A. Pitts, Chairman railroads and interstate bridges, and the gressionai ixmnnittee met here to-day, of the Primary Board, Nashville, Tenn. riEnt ha(J been distinctly affirmed by '" J". J. Caldwell, of Lake; George S. The qualification under the Primary tue courts. Mr. Garrett adds that he Boyd, of Weakley; II. Ifc Curry, of Hay- Law is absolutely essential, and it in- might also have cited the decision in wood; Thos Steele, Jr., of Lauderdale, eludes all candidates for county and SuPPort of the charter of the United I an(J J . Atkins, of Dyer, present, State offices, as well as Congressional States bank, but he says there is a vast The vacancy caused by Dr. A. Finch candidates. The court may hand down difference which all lawyers and most removing from the State was filled by a decision next Saturday, but in case laymen must appreciate between the na- the election of Hon. George S. Boyd, that is not done, it will be too late to ture.and functions of an institution 01 " eakiey, who had been recommend qualify if the candidates continue to I which issues currency, or a substitute ed y the Democratic Executive Com wait for a decision, and the surest plan for currency for use in exchanging com- mittee or that county is to qualify at once and be on the safe moditics and values, and one which "e coiuuttue elected J. W. Atkins, side. J manufactures commodities to be ex- f Dyer, Chairman, and Thos. Steele, changed." And he says further, "there Hr- 01 Lauderdale, Secretary, and ad We reproduce in this week's paper a I is an equal difference between the na- J journed subject to the call of the Chair- comment upon Congressman Garrett's tu re and functious of a railroad or a recent speech on Federal Incorporation canal or bridge a public highway con- try the Iashville Bankier. Without en-structed for the transportation and ps- larging we wish to say that here is an-1 gage of persons and things and a trad- other Democrat who is not in favor of ing company engaged in private conv admitting that our Constitution has merce for private gain. " outlived its usefulness, and that we are I Mr. Garrett goes into history and ready to say to the mother country that shows that two separate propositions, our Government is a failure. That is submitted respectively by James Madi- practically what the Republican Presi- son and Charles Cotesworth Finkney to dent is doing in this Federal Incorpor-1 give Congress the power to charter cor- ation scheme a bill to authorize Fed-1 porations were not considered by the eral license to corporations con iucting convention that framed the constitu- interstate business, Ihat is also, what ticn. Madison's resolution proposed the Republican party is recommending tp grant this power where "the public m the ship subsidy, parcels post, civil! good might require it." Later he pre- pensions, and even in the postals sav- sented a modified resolution which pro ings banks. None of these things are posed that it might be granted where consistent with Republican forms of the interest of the United States re government none even remotely re- quired and the legislative provision of Iated to Democracy. Mr. Garrett is the different States was incompetent." aligning himself with those men who (Mr. Garrett points out the obvious dif- stand for principle and not for pelf, and ference in the meaning which the word- the avenues of distinction are gradually I ing of the two resolutions conveys, and steadily opening to him. We need This also failed and Mr. Garrett cites such men as Garrett and Sims and pity the debate over the proposition in the tis that there are not a few more of I convention and subsequent debates in them in the State. , I Congress in which Mr. Madison en gaged to show that it was nevef con- Representative Sims says that be templatod that the Federal power to man to await the action of the Supreme Court oh the primary laws of the last Legislature. I ggj GODWIN! n ''H BROS, U-s'! ' , ' - . , ii SOLE AGENTS FOR I I W . I Chase & Sanborn's Famous Boston Teas and Coffees Bulte's Excellence Flour -AND Ferndell Pure Food Products TELEPHONES 79 and 516 ZBEZaOL 3 The Building Season NOW ON . There was ho general demand of a rem- would rather bo a Congressman than charter general trade corporations edv for these things until thfi bnnk nun- Governor. This was his ultimatum should be granted. Mr. Garrett shows ic in 1907. The eauBe of that panic was when interrogated upon the subject the a strong opposition to corporations that generally attributed to the use' of bank otlier day by some of his colleagues, existed in the early history of the coun- deposits for speculation on margins, He hy the way, that no mar. is try that "even in New York the power- which means gambling in futures. over knocked down by the proposition, ful genius of Hamilton, reinforced by About the only way to prevent this is to The fact is, Mr. Sims would make a the sagacity of Livingston, could not eliminate, not the exchanges, but tho good Governor or Senator either. The overcome" and asks, "Is it conceivable custom of trading whore no actual pur- elements of statesmanship, honor, in- that the people of the Southern States chase or delivery is contemplated. In tegrity, a conscientious regard for the ever intended to delegate to the new the recent investigation tho chairman principles of his party and good busi- government a power which they had of the board of the New York Cottqn ne8S judgment altogether are. so com- scarcely exercised through their own Exchange disclaims any such practice, bined in him that his services are al- State governments the charter of trad- but tho New York World and other ways in demand, not only by the State ing companies? substantial authority makes it . very" of Tennessee, but by the District of Co- Reviewing the Federal charter grant plain that the great bulk of trading is a lumbia and many other important com- ed the Union Pacific Railroad Company species of gambling "such as we have de- mittees. Congressman Sims does not in 1862, Mr. Garrett takes pains to scribed. On the New York Stock Ex- believe in the Republican political and show that the charter was granted only change it is claimed by parties who are financial extravagances, and the test of for the territories, provision being made in position to know that ninety-five per his usefulness and ability is the weight for connection with railroads having cent of the speculation is margin trades that is accorded him m these positions. State charters and adds: "As the bill or gambling. To expose bank deposits He is a Democrat who believes in pop- j originally was proposed, it was to au to these things is uot only harmful, but ular government and the equal distn- thorize the construction in the States a high crime the greatest injustice that button & privileges, and he' proves it of Kansas and California, but even at could be done the great masses of peo- hy protecting these principles whenever that late hour, amid the awful throes pie who keep their, earnings in the they are assailed. No man in Tennes- of the war of secession, when the ex- banks. ' see is . entitled to more than Congress- pression ' States rights" was about the Why is it that bankers themselves man Sims. most unpleasant that could fall upon through the country do no move against T " the ears of statesmen then controlling this practice we do not know; why they Mr. Garrett's Speech. the destinies of the Union, the Con do not in their associations and conven- ' Hon. Finis J. Garrett, who represents grcss would not invade the States to tions express themselves on this ques- the Ninth Tennessee District in Con- build even an interstate railway, not- tion we cannot understand. As a gam- gress, recently delivered a speech on the J withstanding tho military and postal bling evil Monte Carlo is comparatively floor of the Houso that has attracted at-1 necessities, and under the !"ad of Sena a prattling infant. The South i's filched, tention because of its fine presentation tor Trumbull, of Illinois, the bill was annually of about 25,X)O,O0O by these of points of constitutional law. The amended so as to confine the authority great gambling exchanges the New subject matter of the speech was the tne corporation being created to the York and Cotton Exchanges and there recommendation made by the President territory of the United States, out of are no prospects of anything else until in a special message to Congress that a which no States had been created." ( the sentiment of the people, begins to general law be enacted granting the The debates on the bills creating rail crush it. , Federal Government power to charter road companies as Federal corporations, As long' as people can be guiled into corporations that do an interstate and Mr. Garrett shows, "were bottomed tho.belief that they have a chance to foreign business. The President's rec- wholly on the post-roads clause, the win they will gamble, but, if taught ommendation was that interstate cor- military necessities and the right of the that the system against them is practi- porations have the option to procure Government to grant concessions over cally solid and maintained for the pur- such charters, the law being in no re- its own territory, over which it has ab- pose of fleecing tho public there might speet compulsory, Mr. Garrett consid bo a different feeling altogether. The ers the policy one of dangerous and far bankers know this and why don't they reaching tendency and argues its un xprens themselves. The building, up constitutionality, of fortunes amounting to hundreds of He draws a distinction between cor jnillions would never have been possible porations that might be created under hut for the gambling features jot the such an act and those chartered by the New York Stock and Cotton Exchanges. Government in the District of Columbia The people have been beguiled for years or the territories. The latter, he shows, and years by the baits thrown out from have the same relative status resjieeting these institutions w ith the result that government, State and Federal, asthose the country has suffered a multiplicity created by the States, but the conditions of losses. There is absolutely no chance would be very diffeient with those char to wiu from the System, or the dealers tered under the plan proposed in the We have every sort of building and finishing lumber ' you're apt to need, including Framing, Flooring, Ceiling, Siding Doors and Windows, Shingles A visit to our yards will be appreciated. Come and inspect our stock for your own satisfaction. C.T. pVfosfS& Co. Yards south of Presbyterian Church. First Street, - UNION CITY, TENN. (V 'If ill. CAIRO nCOUUMBUS M ()r!0BILe "ftHONTcoHEinr (SJ NEW 0PLEAN4 JACHSONVIUI No. No. No. No. No. No. TIME OF TRAINS AT UNION CITY. NORTHBOUND. 2 Express (daily), lv.. 12.10 p.m 4 Express (daily), lv.12.01 a.m 6 Accom. (daily), ar...7.10 p.m BuL'TH BOUND. I Express (daily), lv..3.55 p.m 3 Express (daily), lv..8.32 a.m 5 Accom. (daily), lv 7. 40 a.m K. J. BARNETT. Agent. ' V. Taylor, Jno. m.beall, Qoitral Msiiairt., Onuml hmiii Aunt, MOBILE. ALA. ST. Lot lH. MO I III in r t ll BransTord Lumber lompany TELEPHONE 285 I limlw hino-lpQ Paint Cabinet Mantels j WE WANT YOUR ORDERS J solute sovereignty for all purposes." The interstate commerce clause which the President makes a basis for his proposals, Mr. Garrett shows, was scarcely referred to in these dehates. Mr. Garrett contends that "the Fed eral Government has never created a Federal corporation to do anything, to conduct any business, to perform any service, whichthe Government itself might not have douo directly, nor may it do so." In concluding he says: "Cre ating corporations as Federal creatures that may enter sovereign States in dis- GET THE BEST ALWAYS CHEAPEST ALWAYS GOOD UNION CITY ICE AND COAL CO. DISTRIBUTORS OF COMFORT. one No 150. The Commercial, $1,00 a year, and It's Worth It. Illinois Central RAILROAD. GIBBS eOCTHBOUSD. No. 1 ...8.08 p.m. No. 105.3.46 p.m No. 3 ..t5.38 a.m. No. 133.5.51 a.m Traini No. 105 and 133 are nccommodMinn and top at CiLU to rrcrtve or discharge phmcii ger. GIB118 XORTIIBOUXD. No. ,j9.40a.m. No. 106.12.07 p.m No. 4 ..11.48 p.m. No. 134.. 8.15 p.m tFlag Mop under special order, fee fluent. ttopon flnv only to receive paenireni hold ing ticket for point north o Cartxmdale where Z or 4 top. Train No. 1M and 106 ant accoinmodution. Ticket and pflrt'eulnr a to neolfie rntc limit and train time of vourti,m lik.i . at Cibb. V. W. HARMW. D. P. A.. -CbuUville. A. . McDOl-GAU,, D. P. A., New Orlean. 8. G. HATCH, G. P. A.. Chicago. u I 3 JNO. A. SCOTT, O. P. A., Memphi.