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To County Superintendents: I want to take thi3 means of railing your at tention to the need of consolidation id properly developing our school aystem in Tennessee. I am well aware that what I have to say in an old story, but it can do no barm for me to emphasize it at this time. : It is & fact worthy of note that the States that, are making the most prog ress in educational matters, and the counties of our own State which are in the forefront educationally, have con sidered th matter oC consolidation seri ously and have entered upon it in a thoroughly systematic way. It is reasonably certain that we can make no great improvement in schec! conditions as long as we endeavor to maintain so many single-teacher, one room schools. (Sixty-four out of 92 in Obion County. Ridings.) No teacher can do satisfactory work with'' forty or fifty pupils rangipg through six or eight grades. Until we adopt consolidation as a fixed policy and begin to combine the jingle schools as rapidly a,s circum stances permiX wo need not expect de cided and permanent improvement. The two prime denidorati of a school are (1) as large a number as possible of the available children in attendance, and (2) efficient instruction. Both re sults are realized by consolidation'. - It is a fact almost universally attested to, that when two or three or four singlo- teachor schools are consolidated the at tendance upon the one new school is in excess of the combined attondance of all the single schools. And there can be no sort of doubt as to the improve ment in instruction. Three or four teachers working in one school with all their pupils together will bring about a school spirit which is wholesome and uplifting. Such a school community will realize its powers and will soon be gin to contribute not only to the life of the children but will reach the adults as well, helping them and securing their help. Consolidation means a more satisfac tory classification and grading of the each child and class,. and inconsequence more rapid and real advancement. There is a widespread feeling that the curricula of our elementary schools ought to be vitalized; that agriculture and domestic science ought to be intro duced; that the content of even the con ventional studies need revision; all for the purpose of enriching the school course and relating it more directly to life. It is absolutely certain that this can not be done with the single-teacher school. Already his program is crowd ed and there can be no addition to the burdens he is carrying. Only in the consolidated school can we hope to in troduce such reforms. As I have indicated above, consolida tion is the condition of progress of more efficient leaching of modernized curricula, of increased attendance, of permanent educational success. " Consolidation, in most cases, involves transportation, but we need not be afraid of that. Some of the counties of Ten nessee have school wagons transporting their boys and girls back and forth daily, and they are just as essential and vital a part of the school as the teacher or the building. Local conditions vary greatly and no one can prescribe intelli gently for every county in the State; but it is agreed that under ordinary condi tions in rural communities one school for every twenty or twenty-five square miles is sufficient. If the school is sit uated in the center of such an area no pupil would be at any very great dis tance, especially if moans of convey ance arc provided. I hope every County Superintendent will give attention to this important matter; will study his local situation thoroughly and plan such consolida tions as are practicable. When once you have decided on what ought to and can be done, it would be well to enter upon a systematic campaign. It will take time to persuade the patrons of the various schools that change of loca tion is desirable; and it is only by per sistent effort, argument, appeal, that a pupils, more of the teacher's time to I sufficient endorsement can be secured to guarantee success. If I or any of my co-workers can help w shall Iks glad to do so. The presidents of the Normal Schools also with their faculties are ready to aid. In closing I would like to ask every County Superintendent to keep me in formed as to the work of consolidation and other school reforms projected in his county. Please let me know to what extent the work has gone during the last few years and what are the pros pects for other Consolidations in the immediate future. Very truly yours, - J. W. Bkibteb, State Superintendent Nashville. ft HARDY 8c GLASS Staple and Fancy Groceries and All Kinds of Feed Stuff and Field Seeds CI THANK YOU. We take pleasure in thanking you for your patron age. We believe the goods you buy of us will give you enitre satisfaction, and that you will come again when in need of anything in our line. However, if for any reason you are not perfectly satisfied with your purchase, we aslc as a favor that you report the fact to us at once, so that we may ad just the matter to your entire satisfaction. We want to make this your store. We want you to feel that when we recommend an article you can rely upon it. That makes satisfied customers. That brings more customers. Again we thank you for your trade in the past and will merit same in the future. ' HARDY & GLASS. MADS FOB US BY PETEQ5 SHOE CO. ir.Loun. peters onoe to. Union City's Exclusive Shoe Store. Massengill Bros. The Leopard's Spots. The time must benear at hand when the people of the United States will turn n disgust anil anger from half-hearted attempts to regulate orpunish trusts and devote intelligent attention to the thing that breeds trusts, safeguards them and makes them profitable. Men are already asking these questions: How can a party that is dominated by the trusts be expected to Lreakthem up? What hope is there of a sincerepro.se cution of the trusts at the hands of an administration which, like the two administrations that preceded it, was placed in power by the trusts? What else but trusts, combines, con spiracios and monopolies can be looked for in a country that is walled in by a tariff of extortions laid not for any true public reason but almost exclusively for the promotion of private greed? Why expect vigorous enforcement of law forbidding crime from men com mitted in every way to a tariff system that invites crime and makes itremunerative? What reason is there to be surprised at favoritism and vacillation in prosecu tions when the Roosevelt idea of a good trust is one, like that in steel, which is at the very foundation of the plunder tariff? , What is the use of depending upon a President like Taft to send guilty trust magnates to prison when he refused at the demand of some of them to sign tariff-revision-downward bills as prom ised? Why imagine that there can bo any settlement of the trust question in the public interest when Roosevelt, Taft, Wickersham, George W. Perkins, E. II. Gary and J. Ticrpont Morgan are agreed that what we need is not law en forcement but a commission, a Court of Big Business or a Steward of the Public Welfare empowered to "regulate" mo nopolies by favor, by caprice and by in terest? The fact is that the people want one th ing and the men who have capitalized the privilege, the plunder and the graft of the protective tariff want another We cannot have both. The one great achievement, the one paramount policy, of the Republican party since the war has been the protec tion and "enrichment by tariffs of the few at the expense of many. The few have eagerly accepted its bounty. The few have rapaciously taken advantage of its unjust laws. The party has boasted inordinately of the wealth" it has created. More than one presidential election has been carried by the money and the influence of the class thus en ricbed against the votes and the protests of the class thus impoverished. What stand-pat Republicanism once lauded as a triumph has now come to be regarded as a crime. It is condemned in the laws of the land. Decent public sentiment is everywhere arrayed against it. Feeble efforts are making iu some places to enforce these laws, but of more importance are tho private conferences and agreements by which confessed law breakers are "reorganized" and set free. All this is against nature. It is against common sense. The leopard does not change his spots or the tiger his stripes. There will" be no cure for the trust evil until the people take the premium on monopoly and extortion out of the tariff laws. Thero will be no adequate punishment of trusts by the party of the trusts. St. Louis Republic; . "A College Town." The pupils of the City High School have been diligently rehearsing for a play, "A College Town," to be given at the Opera House on Nov. 30, Thanks giving night. The cast includes thirty characters. The play is replete with perplexing situations, happy solutions and rollicking fun. It will pVobably prove to be the most popular play that the school has yet given. Remember the date and save your pennies. The wax paper bread wrapper is NOT A A1; it is not a concession to the whim of the housewife; it is not a meaningless trade-catcher; it is A SAN ITARY NECESSITY. DAHNKE'S F1TF0RM X CLOTHES FOR YOUNG MEN VMA mm s.u H A wjnv. k l s- -a ffcJ WW f lit ? t; Wffr'V;, V ill. hi Jll If r 1 vnil i i i ! -IT i in V li - ;v i 8 if l&KI hi hi J? 1 7 iV - y1 1 1 'V A S'V Merchandise and Service Make This A Great Clothing Store E VERY article that goes out of this store of ours must demomstrate the fact that we have established a new standard of merchandising and service that 'merits the fullest confidence of the clothes buying public In arranging our store we had this ideal in mind; in selecting our lines we kept it constantly before us; in our daily transactions ve never forget it. Both in buying and selling our first thought is of you. . The goods must please and satisfy you, not . simply at the beginning, but permanently. T T us be your favorite mens furnishers. We're as careful in buying at whole sale as you could be in filling your individual wants." Wc exact prices, quality and style that enable us to offer the utmost for the money. Drop in at noon-times make this your headquarters. Always something worth while here. TT A 7"E recommend IDE SILVER COLLARS, V-l Buttonholes, so, easy TT to-button. They don't tear ou they preserve collar life, shape and fit. The DELMAR is the newest shape a straight-front that meets close. Bat come and see. The values given you for the prices you pay must sur pass what you can secure else where. The services and courtesy extended must be a proper re cognition of your favor and patronage. ' If Tite-Oke is stamped on the thank you are turc of get ting good soles on your shoes. Tite-Oko Soles are not loaded with cheap weighty stuffing, a practice common in the tanning of ordinary sole leather. Tite-Oke Sofe Leather Is tanned by the Burt & Packard Organization and is used ex clusively in "Korrect Shape" hoes. WEAR "Korrect Shape" Shoes for style and service. Burl & Packard Co. Mmk.r, Brocktoa, Dm, (1 6OL0BY l XTRAGOOD Clothes (or Boys. FITFOBM Clothss for Young Men. BREAD IS WRAPPED IN WAX FAPER WRAPPERS.