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DR. E. M. LONG DENTIST Over White & BurchardY Drug Store, Union City, Tenn. ' Telephone! Office 144-2, Residence ' 44-3 e Commercial DR. E. M. LONG DENTIST . Over White &' Burchard' Drugr Store, Union Gty, Tenn. Telephones Office 144-2; Residence 144-3 : I" ' n ) Union City Commercial.esta'jlished 1890 j Consolidatei September 1. ennessee Courier, established 1697 I v"" " 1, UNION CITY, TENN, FRIDAY, JULY 26, 1912 VOL. 20, NO. 19 West Tennessee f ) 1 f ' &0PM MONEY EBANK 4TS SURE TO GROW vupjiiBui A7V7 i7 c i larjici iiiau wol-no so There is certainty to the return from money sown in the bank. ' Nothing increases with such steady growth and as constant as dollars when deposited in a reliable banking institution. In order to be sure what your har vest will be, you should have some money in the bank. Old National Bank Union City, Tennessee Money Loaned at Lower Rates Than Ever I am taking applications (or loans on lands in Obion and Weakley Counties, Tenn., and Fulton County, Ky., so that the cost and expense of same Is Less than has been possible heretofore at any time. I have arrange ments to make loans of more Than Two Thousand Dollars cheaper and on better terms than 1 or anyone else has ever been able to make them in either of the counties above mentioned. The borrower has the privi lege of paying All or Atxy Part of indebtedness after one year, interest being stopped on payments made. Loans are made on Ten Years Time or for shorter periods, if desired. ATTORNEY -AT- L, AW Vrviorv City, - Tetvn. O.SPRADLIN, 7 Attention, Democrats. At the August election a Judge of the supreme Court and a Judge of the Court jf Civil Appeals will be elected. The Democratic nominee for Supreme .Court Judge is A. 8. Buchanan. Judge PBuchanon has no opposition. The Democratic nominee for Judgeof the Court of Civi! Appeals is Judge Moore, of Union City. The Republican nominee for this office is Judge Gate, of East Tennessee. The Republicans have been pursuing au effective still hunt for votes forjudge Cate. - They put no candidate in the fieW against Judge Buchanan for the reason u that they hoped that the Democrats would split at Nashville and they held the place for an independent who could secure votes. 'The Democrats did not split, and now the Republicans are centering all their , efforts towards electing Judge Cate, Judge Moore was regularly nominated in a convention which represented the reunited Democracy. He had friends both among regulars and independents He got his nomination by fair and hon orable methods. He has formerly had experience upon the bench. He is a good lawyer and made a good judge. He is the Democratic nominee and it is the duty of Democrats to elect him. If the Republicans in Tennessee should succeed in electing a State ofhcer in August it would come as a ray of. -hope to the national Republican party; it would give them tremendous encourage ment. It would be a call for them to get together. Under tho inspiration of a victory in Tennessee they would begin a great fight against the Democratic nominee for President. Therefore, Democrats who want clean-cut victory this fall should make a complete win of tho preliminary skirm isli which will take place in Tennessee in August. Commercial Appeal. Coal Coke Wood Call Tel. 150. OE3 III It I LEDNTE M- PATENT. flASHVlUijEN sirs Hi. ft;:. lave Your Leonte Flour Sacks and Barrel Heads. LEONTE ritDVH Sold by all Grocers. When you have accumu lated twenty-four LEON TE FLOUR sacks, or three LEONTE FLOUR barrel heads, telephone Cherry MossTlrain Co. and they will send you, absolutely free, one 24-pound sack of LEONTE FLOUR. When you order flour don't simply say send me a sack of flour say plainly, "SEND ME A SACK OF LEONTE FLOUR." It's better, costs no more and your empty sacks and barrel heads are the same as money to you. - LIBERTY MILLS , NASHVILLE, TENN. CHERRY-MOSS GRAIN CO. Distributors. Union City, tenn. if I g- " -Wr i f AGRICULTURAL TRAIN HERE Commissioner Peck and His Ad , . ' '. vent in Union City. The Tennessee Agricultural Train, under the direction of Commissioner Peck, arrived in Union City on schedule time last Thursday afternoon. Quite a number of people were in town to take a look through the cars. There were health and educational exhibits, directing attention to causes of disease and prevention. A department of fruits and vegetables was seen in one car, showing the equip ment of growers who are making money in this line of business, together with the improved methods of the industry. In the dairying line there was an interesting department, a complete ex hibit of everything required in the farm dairy for producing the best butter and dairy experts who brought out many new ideas and useful suggestions in the field of dairy work, one of the leading industries on the farm. Another department consisted of soils and crops, developing the adaptability of particular branches of farming to suitable soils. The growing of profitable crops has concerned the farmers of this county for many years. The wheat crop has been more or less a disappoint ment, and if ever it is to be a success there will have to be some changes made in the treatment of the soil or the culti vation of the crop. The chances are that some other crop or crops would be more valuable. There was an interesting department of live stock with animals most profit able and useful in connection with our rural industries. For dairying there were the Jersey and Holstein. For beef there were the Herefords, Short horns, Aberdeen, Angus. There were Berkshire, Hampshire, and Duroc Jer sey hogs. In sheep the best breeds. Theer were typical birds in poultry, and pos sibilities were shown in all of these lines. Every department was presided over by a competent lecturer. The train was stationed here and the exhibits were open for two or three hours. There was a larger attendance than usual at this kind of enterpris. Quite a number of oui; neighbors, men and women, passed through the cars and took an interest in the work. At the park in the evening quite a number of our people assembled to hear the lectures of 'Dr. White, food inspect or, ana JJr. West, of tne state Wealth Department, with lantern slides illustra ting these subjects. Dr. White told of the fact that food inspection began with the export of meats to foreign countries. This trade demanded the inspection of meat or refused to buy. The hispection was made, and from that point started domestic inspection. If impure meats were objectionable to European countries they were certainly detrimental to our own people, and Uncle Sam opened the inspection industry, but this inspection had not reached a systematic or thorough stage until the year 190G. From that time the bureau had perfected its work and extended it to all tho States and larger concerns handling meats. Slides were seen exhibiting ante and post mortem inspection, and hi a series of pictures were shown the different stages of diseased carcasses. Cows shown fat and in apparently good condition were literally' lined with tuberculin, while other cows very lean were not diseased at all. Hogs, the mist dangerous of all meats, were infected with tuberculin, cholera germs and tri'phina. Trichina is shown in the cells of infected meat in the shape of looped and knotted worms, which transmit to the consumers of the meat the disease known as trichinosis, very tortuous and often fat il. The tape worm is shown in both hot s and cattle and is capable of transmission. One of these species is developed w.th a head which, if taken into human body, is seldom discharged. The cholera in hogs is somewhat similar to typhoid fever in the human body. The diseased parts are spotted with the infection, which is very harmful to the human race. Infection is not only transmitted in the consumption of meat foods, but in dairying products. Dr. White opened his lecture with some views of unsanitary slaughter houses, and stated that one would not have to go far frorr) Union City to find them. Other scenes repre sented unsanitary dairy hoiees and barns and. the transmission 73 disease from cows to hogs. -' - When Dr. White closed pr. West, of the State Health Department, ap peared in a very interesting address on the subject of disease and prevention as they relate to the human family. Dr. West is. an interesting, pleasant, polished speaker. : Ho spoke of the crusade against tuberculosis, but said that bookworm in the South is almost as prevalent. In dealing with tubercu losis, Dr. West said that proper atten tion should be paid to sanitation and ventilation. If consumptives would use the proper precaution the disease would not spread so easily. One of the most important recommendations is not to expectorate where the germs can be taken up in the air, also not to expec torate in the yards where chickens can consume it. In this way the disease is transmitted to the chickens and from them to persons eating the fowls. If possible the matter or phlegm expec torated should be incinerated. Homes should be well ventilated and disinfect ed. Cleanliness especially is one of the greatest preventive agencies, especially arresting the spread of typhoid fever. Consumptives should not sleep in bed with others and breathe the same air. Dr. West declared that the old custom of allowing children to be exposed to scarlet fever and whooping cough be-, cause they would have it anyway was a crime. Children should not be allowed to come in contact with the contami nation. These diseases alone are not the end of the infection. They are very often only partially eradicated from the human body, sometimes leaving the patient with the germs of consumption developing many years afterwards. Other diseases of a serious nature often follow, and everything should be done to keep the child from contamination. Dr. West spoke of children in the schools and the proper means fo-'coking after their physical requirements. Often a child is behind in study and the causes attributed are dullness or laziness, when, in fact, such is not the case. A care ful study has shown that the child has either not been able to hear or see what was being done in the schoolroom. The vision or the sense of hearing was affect ed. There should be a more intelligent handling of the pupil. The training should be done with more consideration for the child's physical as well as mental welfare. ' Dr. West enlarged to some extent on hookworm and typhoid fever. He de clared that a very large per cent of the people of the South were aillieted with hookworm. All of these diseases are amenable to a large extent to sanitary precautions. The address was interrupted by the rumbling of the moving trains,' not withstanding the attention was very ood throughout. After the address Dr. West was warm ly congratulated especially by the local physicians and others. HAY TOOLS YOU CAN DEPEND ON Deering hay tools are doing good, reliable work, not only for users in this country, but also in foreign countries. They will do good work for you. Next time you are in town, come in and let us show you the Deering line of hay machines. We will be glad to explain how they will save you time and labor. The Deering line of hay tools consists of mowers, sweep rakes, stackers and tedders. You will be interested in the new improvements of these machines. Perhaps you don't expect to buy, but as long as an investigation does not place you under any obligation to buy, isn't it to your advantage to come in and see os ? You can't help but get some information which will be valuable to you. Come in and get a catalogue anyhow. R. F. Tisdale & Sons V THE SEEDMEN. Card from Mr. Elkins. To tho people of Weakley, Obion and Lake Counties: My position on the election of the next United States Senator from Ten nessee is as follows: I am opposed to the election of Gov ernor Fatterson to the United States Senate. If a fair primary election is held to nominate a candidate for United States Senator, participated in by a majority of the Democratic voters of Tennessee, I would, in the event of my nomination and election, be in honor bound to sup port the nominee of such primary. If no such primary for United States Senator is held, I pledge you that I will not support Governor Patterson. I would be glad, in the event of my nomination and election, and in tho absence of such general primary as I have above described, to have my dis trict instruct me on this question, but n the event this is not done, I will sup port for the United States Senate such a man as will deserve the confidence of the people. I am opposed to the repeal of the temperance laws. In the short time before the election on August 1, next, it will be impossible for me to see each voter in person, as I would be glad to do, but I earnestly ask you to give me your support and influence in this con test, and pledge, you that I will do the best I can to make ycu an honest and faithful public servant. EOHERT A. ELKIXS, - Candidate for State Senator. Dresden, Tenn.', July 25. ' Save money by using Bon Air Coal. Mr. Preston Speaks. A crowd of about 300 enthusiastic voters assembled at the courthouse at 2:00 p. in. last Saturday to hear the Hon. T. E. Preston speak on 'A Busi ness Administration." The candidate was introduced in an appropriate speech by D. P. Caldwell. Mr. Preston announced on opening his speech, that as a canvasser he was traveling on high speed. He remarked in part : This will be my thirty-seventh ad- aduress in thirteen days. 1 have no political record. This is a mighty con venient thing, I think. All Governors for the last twenty years have been skilled and distinguished lawyers. Three of the present candidates are given to the legal profession, but I am unable to classify one of them. It was my first intention to speak no word of harsh criticism when I entered this race. If I did, I intended to speak kindly. I mentioned them all in complimentary terms until they took a shot at me. All questions should be on an eco nomic and business basis, and must be served by competent minds. Tennes see is rich in natural advantages. She is wealthy in labor and capital. She has water powers enough to set i:i motion all the industries of the South. The sou of her farms is fertile, out now in most of her counties the population and wealth is on the decline. Sixteen of her once rich counties have been de clining in these advantages for more than thirty years. Once she was fifth in rank of all the States of the Ameri can Union. In 1910 she had dropped to seventh place. It is high time to pause and consider the causes of these troubles which have gone on and on until the big newspapers of the North are asking : What is the matter with Tennessee? Tennessee is an agricul tural State. The trouble has its origin in our rural communities. A century ago Andrew Jackson said: "The power to tax is the power to de stroy." That was true. It is as true to-day. Much of our capital and many of our desirable citizens are going to other States. The present tax laws are inequitable and unjust. When you drive away capital you drive away la bor. Capital and labor are insep erable. -I will speak of the unjust and oppressive system of double taxation. You purchase a $10,000 farm, and pay down $1,000 in money and $9,000 in notes. The notes are taxed. The farm is also taxed. This is t,he unjust system. I have no word -'of harsh criticism against the Comptroller of the Treasury; but I am criticising the laws under which he is bound to act. I will speak of back taxation. I can give you dozens of instances in which parties, threatened for back taxation have compromised for less than 4 per cent. The receipts of our revenue agents .are enormous. All this in- equalty can and should be remedied through the regular channel. Senate Bill 545 was a delinquent revenue law introduced by John I. Cox. The state ment that $2,000,000 is due to the State from the people is untrue. All this is due to erroneous assessment. (Gives examples of cost of $10.50 to collect a back tax of 40 cents; of $19.68 to collect $114.54 cents; $9.18 to col lect 1(! cents; and $11.85 to collect 17 cents.) The rich people are not receiv ing a square deal. The average salary' of the school teacher is $30 a month. Do you know what a contingent fee is? I will tell you. An old darkey was crippled in a railroad accident, and he sued the road for damages. He was a little confused on making charges to his lawyer. The lawyer said he would be reasonable and charge him a contingent, fee. Upon being asked tho lawyer told him what a contingent fee is: If you do not secure damages, your lawyer gets nothing; if you do secure damages, you get nothing. We need a State Tax Commissioner to correct these abuses. He should have authority to audit the books of the County. We can have reforms in Tennessee without a new Constitution. It has been more than 100 years since Tennessee lias had anv material nhnncrn in her Constitution. Judge Higgins, of the Court of Civil Appeals, said : "A County Judge, to dispose of petit cases, would save the people hundreds of thousands of dollars. " During my younger days I was a sehnol teacher and received an average salary, although I was far below the average teacher. Our extravagant ap propriations should be put along wor thier lines. The girls should be taught domestic science, the hoys agricul tural science. Good roads add to your wealth, hap piness and comfort. I am in favor of a better road than the one Hooper is going to build from Bristol to Mem phis. I believe that the State should be stow liberal pensions. . I am the son, of a Confederate soldier and married tLo daughter of one. (Tells of a recent visit ' to the old Soldiers' Home, and con ditions he found there.) If I am elected Governor I will see that this condition does not exist in the Soldiers' Home if the money has to come off my salary. (Applause.) Vote for me August 1, for you can vote for my competitors any old time. If I am not nominated, I will willingly support the Democratic nominee. I think my op position is universal among tho back tax agents. I was one of the four who owned tho old Nashville American when E. W. Carmack was editor. Not the slightest political consideration entered into its sale or purchase. I have been criti cized because I am a banker. Mv financial- interests will not come be tween me and my duty in considering the. refunding of the State debt. In closing I will give my views on the liquor question. I will read from my first political speech. I am in favor of a law prohibiting the shinnient of liquor into dry territories. If I am nominated and elected Governor, as I ; think I will be, I do not propose to have interests pulling me this way and j:' that. I want to boss the job. If I nrrv nominated and elected, I will leave the question to the Legislature; a new Con stitutional amendment will meet my approval, and I will exert all my authority towards law enforcement. i A"' 7. i !Y " IS""