DR. E. M. LONG I
DR. E. M. LONG
Over White 6c Burchard's Drug
Stote, Union Gty, Tenn.
144.2; Reidence 144-3
Over White fit Burehard's Drug
Store, Union City, Tenn.
Office 144-2, Residence 144-3
UNION CITY, TENN, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 27,1914
VOL. 23, NO. 4S
mion City Commercial. established 1 j ConsoHdated September 1.1897
West Tennessee Counei .established UM7 I
IN THE- BA'
There is no doubt about money in the bank, it is sure
and positive. Maybe slow, but there is the satisfaction
that it is sure. Positive in every way, both that it will
grow and that it is safe.
Old National Bank
Union City, Tnnsse
1 am authorized to take applications for loans on lands in Obion and
Weakley Counties, Tennessee, and Fulton County, Kentucky. The terms and
conditions upon which this money will be loaned are most favorable to the
borrower. AH or any part of a loan may be paid after one year, interest
being stopped on payments made. Loans are Made t 5i per cent.
Interest on ten years time, or for shorter period if desired.
If you are considering a loan, it would be well to make application AT
O. S PR
Attorney At Leiw a JB
Clover, Timothy, Alfalfa, Red Top
and all kinds of Field Seeds.
Wholesale and Retail .
Grain, Hay and Field Seeds
Union City, Tenn.
Telephone No. St
Ask for Our prices
Money to Ijoanl
on improved farm ' lands, . drawing interest at
; -. SVr PER CENT ; -:; '
for term of five years. Will loan any amount from
one thousand dollars up.
W. E. H U DG NS ;
Attorney At Law
Phones 143 and 589 UNION CITY, TENN.
k at v . lut
ON FARM LAUDS.
A- O ! 0
Union City, Tenn.
The SouthThe Eldorado 6t
By Richard H. Edmonds
Editor Manufacturer,' Record.
The sixteen Southern States have a
population of 33,000.000. In 1880 the
United States had a population of 50
000,000. At that time, and very justly
so, the United States was regarded as
one of the greatest and richest na
tions of the world. The South of -today,
with 33,000,000 people, is in many
respects very far ahead of the United
States of 1S80, with 50,000,000. '
The people of the South have f 200,
000,000 more in individual deposits in
the banks and trust companies of his
section than the people of the United
States had in similar institutions in
The South is mining almost twice 'as
much coal as the United States then
mined. It is producing four times .as
much petroleum its output last year
having been 100,000,000 barrels, against
26,000,000 barrels for the United States
in 1880. i
The South has $700,000,000 more
capital invested in manufacturing than
the United States had in 1880, and the
value of its agricultural output exceeds
by some hundreds of millions of dollars
the total agricultural output of the
United States in 1880.
The South has far more capital in
vested in cotton manufacturing than the
United States then bad, and is consum
ing in its own mills about twice as much
cotton as was then' consumed in the
mills of the country.
The value of exports from Southern
ports is only a few million dollars less
than the total export trade of the United
States in 1880.
The South expended last year upon
the maintenance of its public schools
$90,000,000, or $12,000,000 more than
the United States with its 50,000,000
people expanded -upon pwblio education
Comparisons of this kind showing
how far ahead the. South is in many
respects of the United States in 1880
could be given almost without limit,
These are sufficient to indicate the gen
eral situation. It is a little difficult for
us sometimes to quite grasp 'the fact
that in bank deposits, in industrial pur
suits and in agriculture as well as in pub
lie education the South of to-day ranks
so far ahead of the United States in 1880.
The total wealth of the South to-day is
less than that of the United States in
1880, because the South has not yet had
time to accumulate vast wealth out of
its achievements in industry and agri
culture of recent years. It is, however,
rapidly pHing up wealth which, within
the next lew years, will amaze the
country by its magnitude.
In studying the future of the South
and planning for financial and railroad
operations in connection therewith, it
would be well for these facts to be borne
in mind. But these statistics, amazing
as they are, are not half so interesting
for the story.Ahey tell of what has been
done as for" the light they throw upon
the future. Every careful student of the
material resources and development of
the South knows that this section,' not
withstanding 'the progress made, has
scarcely begun its development when
compared with the growth which will
be seen within the next ten or fifteen
years. All that has been done has been
really merely the clearing of the land
and the sowing of the seed for the great
harvest which this section is now pre
paring to reap.
The South has only begun to utilize
its raw materials. It has ouly here and
there opened up its coal mines, its mar
ble and granite quarries, and its iron
making Sources. It has only com
ntOiced v m the last few years to get
back to tha icultural condition which
existed prior the war, wheo there was
a well-roundedV Jr&ultural diversity. It
is only within the last few years that the
Central South, from Maryland to the
MissiTRiveT, has been raising as
much corr and live stock as it did in
1860, when the population of this sec
tion was only ooe-third of what it now
18.',' - : .v . - '
For forty years or more the South
was passing through a wilderness. Its
people had lost by virtue of the war
the ability to carry on the well-rounded
diversified agriculture which ex
isted prior to 1S60. The capital was
lacking for reviving the industrial ac
tivities which between 1850 and 18C0
caused a more rapid percentage of
growth in every line of manufacturing
in the South than in the rest of the
country. The amazing agricultural and
industrial progress of the decade ended
with 1860 as indicated in the fact that
during that period the increase in the
wealth of the South exceeded by more
than one billion dollars the aggregate
increase of wealth of the New England
and Middle States.
The engineering and industrial traits,
which from Colonial days down to the
time when the invention of the cotton
gin fastened slavery around the necks of
the people of the South, wero beginning
to reassert themselves between 1850 and
1860. This industrial and engineering
trend of the people of the South has
again during the last twenty-five years
been reasserting itself, and it is to the
rebirth of this inherited trait of char
acter that the tremendous momentum
of this section is due.
The statement sometimes heard that
the great development of the last twenty
five years is mainly due to an infusion
of outside blood and capital seriously
misrepresents the facta. No man who
has that impression can rightly forecast
the progress of the coming years, be
cause he is viewing the situation from
an erroneous standpoint.
Since 1865 the Central South has sent
beyond its borders by emigration into
other sections more than 3,500,000 of its
white people and more than 1,500.000
into Texas and Oklahoma. , The com
paratively few persons from other sec
tions who have come into the South,
when iven the fullest measure of pred it
for what they have achieved, cannot in
the smallest degree offset the tremendous
loss of energy and power of the 5,000,000
people that went out of the Central
South by reason of the poverty of op
portunity following the war and the days
Now the trend is 'back to the South.
Men who have made a success in other
sections are hearing the "come-home"
call of their native land and many of
them are returning. Many from other
sections are beginning their southward
march in order to share in the amazing
development which they see is to come
about in this section. They want to be
a part and parcel of it and to reap some
of the harvest. Thus the whole condi
tion has completely changed. And in
stead of having to make a heroic effort
to keep its own people at home and to
draw men and money from other sec
tions, as was tile case for twenty-five or
thirty years, the South now finds abund
ant employment at home for its own
people. It finds tens of thousands from
the North and West annually moving
south ward, Imd it finds that the capitalist
is searching out in every direction op
portunities for investment in the South.
The promoter seeking capital for a new
enterprise no longer has to argue with
the capitalist that the South is a good
place in which to invest money. All
that he has to do is to prove that his
own particular enterprise is a good one.
The outside capitalist is fully impressed
with the fact that this is the most richly
endowed section of the world and that
it is "the coming Eldorado of American
Those who would study the future of
the South with a view to ascertaining
something of the rapidity of its develop
ment should fully understand what the
old South was doing in material activities
before 1860, what it lost by the war and
the poverty following it and what the
South has achieved since then; and to
these facts should be added a knowledge
of the uniqueness of the South' re-'
sources for the support of a dense popu
lation. Not until they have done this
will they be able to form even a slight
conception of the rapidity of material
development and wealth accumulation
throughout the South during the next
ten or fifteen yean. : ;,
The support of the Knights of Pythias
to the Bryan peace policy was pledged
by the Supretpe Chancellor at the con-;
vention of the Supreme Council in
list i INTMSTIOIIll Fell Grinder.
It requires from 12 to 35 per cent less ground
grain to produce the same amount of beef,
pork, milk or horse power than when whole
grain is fed.
An I. H. C. Feed Grinder and an Interna
tional Engine makes an ideal combination.
The first time you are in town drop in and let
us show you.
UNION CITY, TENN.
Jacksonville, Fla., Feb. 23. The
State of Florida pays out more money
pet capita for the support of dependent
ex-Confederate soldiers than any other
Southern State. This fact should be
sufficient to convince ex-Confederates
everywhere that when they, and their
descendants, visit Jacksonville on the
occasion of the 24th annual Reunion of
the United Confederate Veterans'-Association
that they will be in the hands of
their friends. The reunion will be held
May 6, 7, 8.
The handsome total of $60,000 per
annum .is being paid by the State for
support of ex-Confederate pensioners.
The average yearly amount paid to each
person on the pension list, according to
the latest report of the State Board of
pensions, is $121.21, while the average
paid to the old soldiers is $122.30.
Widows of Confederate soldiers draw an
average of $120 per annum. Since the
report from which these figures are
taken was mado, the legislature has
passed a still more liberal pension law,'
which will authorize additional pay
ments of approximately $150,000 a year,
making the total $750,000 per annum
paid to Confederate pensioners by the
There are 2,633 soldier pensioners on
the rolls of the State and 2,227 widows
of Confederates, making a total of 4,860.
The fund to support this pension roll is
raised by a tax of four mills on the as
sessed property of the taxpayer.
Florida is not only caring for the liv
ing but the memory of the dead is also
kept green. Throughout the State
handsome Confederate monuments have
been erected by both public and private
means All told there are twenty, or
possibly more, handsome Confederate
monuments in the State, and others are
yet to be erected. A home for ex-Confederate
soldiers is maintained at Jack
sonville. Last year , the State appro
priated $5,000 to the Confederate sol
diers' home in this city. Two Confed
erate monuments have been erected
here, and a monument will be dedicated
the Women of the Confederacy during
the coming reunion. This monument
is a companion to the handsome 8tate
Memorial unveiled last May oo the bat
tlefield of Chickamauga during the Con
federate reunion at Chattanooga. It is
located in a beautiful park and will be
ready for the unveiling ceremonies by
the date of the reunion.
This brief exposition of the work that
Florida is doing for the ex-Confederate
soldiers, living and dead, is proof that
the people of the State will extend a
warm and generous welcome to the old
soldiers and their friends on the occasion
of the Jacksonville reunion.1 Florida,
while situated far South of the great
theater of war of 1861-5, felt the shock
of the conflict. Jacksonville was oc
cupied four differenttimes by the fed
erals 1 e purposes of this occupancy,
according to official reports on file io
archives of the war department, were to.
keep the St. Johns River open from its
mouth to the head of navigation and to
arm the negroes for service in the union
army. The small Confederate force ia
East Florida in 1863 was commanded,
by Gen. Joseph Finegan. On March 13,
1863, Gen. Finogan issued a proclama
tion here in which he said:
"I feel it my duty as brigadier-gen--
ornl pnmmanHintr this Hiatru't til inform'
the people- -41 the district and of the
Stato that our unscrupulous enemy ha
landed a largo force of negroes, under
command of white officers, at Jackson
ville, under cover of gunboats. He is
attempting to fortify the place so as to
make it secure against attacks. The
purpose of this movement is obvious
and need not be mentioned in direct
terms. It is sufficient to inspire the
whole body of people with a renewed
and sterner purpose of resistance? I,
therefore, call on such of the citizens as
can possibly leave their homes to arm
and organize themselves into campanies
Wiuium utility nuu icpuit ii uio.
Gen. R. Saxton (U. S. A.) in a report
to the war department dated March 14,
1863, says: "The object of this expe
dition was to occupy Jacksonville and
make it the base of operations for the
arming of negroes and securing in this
way possession of the entire State of
Florida. It is my belief that scarcely
an incident in this wgP'has caused a
greater panic throughout the whole
southern coast than this raid of the
colored troops in Florida." ('
During this occupation, Jacksonville
was burned by Federal troops. A cor
respondent of the New York Tribune
wrote a graphic description' of the fire,
which was probably overdrawn, from
the deck of the transport Boston, then
lying in the harbor. He charged the
crime of burning the city to the Eighth
Maino and Sixth Connecticut refirimentt.
and declared that the negro troops had
nothing to do with it.
Big Improvement for Tiptonville.
Tiptonville, Tenn., Feb. 21. It only
remains a matter of a short time before
Tiptonville will have a complete water
works and sewerage system. The bonds
have been sold and it only remains to
have them printed for the money to be
forthcoming. A trade with the Tipton
ville Ice & Light Company has about
been made to furnish the water, and
Mayor G. W. Haynes has several con-
mains. - " "
Radical changes in the parole law are
provided in the Helm bill that passed
the Senate 29tol. Action on the Glenn
bill goes over until Tuesday. The House
adopted a joint resolution calling upon
the Department of Justice to investigate
alleged conspiracies and combinations
of fire insurance companies operating
TT Dahnkn-Tvalker Milling! Co. Jer
sey Cream Flour, a home product and
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