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Commercial DR. E. M. LONG . DENTIST Over VlTiite & Burehid' Drug Store, Union Gty, Tenn. Telephone Office 144-2, Residence 144-3 DR. E. M. LONG DENTIST Over White & Burchard't Dn$ Store, Union Gty, Tenn. Telephones Office 144-2; Reidence 144-3 IX rnion City Commercial. established 1? I M , . WetTonessee Courier, established 197 I Ccmwlidawd September 1,197 UNION CITY, TENN, FRIDAY, AUGUST 28, 1914 VOL. 23, NO. 22 I IE - a i -a-i N f i n A1 iii :.. 4H. Attn, t&aMf& ASK THOSE who have banked with us for years whether or not they like our business methods. You wish to cross the ocean in a ship that has ridden through many storms? Rather than keep your money yourself, don't you want to put your money in a bank that knows nothing but success? MAKE OUR BANK YOUR BANK. Old National Bank . Union City. Tennessee MONEY TO LOAN ON FARM LAUDS, I am authorized to talte applications for loans on lands in Obion and Weakley Counties, Tennessee, and Fulton County, Kentucky. The terms and conditions upon which this money will be loaned are most favorable to the borrower. All or any part of a loan may be paid after one year, interest being stopped on payments made. Loans are Made at 3i per Cent. Interest on ten years' time, or for shorter period if desired. If you are considering loan, it would bo well to make application AT ONCE. O. S P RA D) tL IN Attorney At Ia.w A & Union City, Tenn. HEAT PRICES AFFECTED BY SHORTAGE SAYS ARMOUR r Raw Material Scarce and Little on the Market BY J. CMJDEN ARMOUR. Are the packers making the European war an excuse to put up pricesT Dis tinctly and emphatically they are not I don't believe it is being done in other lines of business, either. The fluctuations of the past few days in some lines of meat products have come from extraordinary conditions that speak for themselves. These con ditions have been the scarcity of live stock, which has been growing steadily more acute from month to month, plus the utterly unexpected disturbances in Europe. Tne European conflict has fallen up on us like a thunderboldt. Nobody be lieved it could happen until it had hap pened. Inevitably this has unhinged business conditions throughout the world. The wonder is that we have not felt it more than we have. "avoid hysterics." But the sky is clearing. We are little by little and day by day getting back to against u.aaa ttie weelc before the war. They killed only 17,512 cattle last week, as against 21,836 the week before the war, and only 80,334 sheep last week, as against 46,395 the week before the war. BUSINESS MEN PATRIOTIC. .inese are nrst nana facts from our own business. They are to be paralleled, no doubt, in that of every packing com pany. They tell the whole story as to price. If we could get the live stock we would be glad to run to capacity, but it isn't to be had. , Only the other day we were able to fill but one-third of an order from one cf the nations now at war simply because the raw material could not be had. But I believe conditions generally are settling. The live stock shortage will not permit low meat prices, but steadier business conditions should eliminate violent jumps. This should apply in all lines of business. as a nation we are financially, in- THE VAR LORD OF EUROPE dustriallv and commercial! ,.rnn and contradictory. sound. Our business men are as ia triotio as any otherelement in our popu lation, and are not looking for chances to squeeze an extra dollar out of ab normal conditions. If we all keep cool and good natured v?e will pull through By the The Louisville Courier Journal. The huge conflict, perhaps the great est battle the world has witnessed, pos sibly the greatest it will ever witness, is in progress. It is virtually a fight "be tween 6ermany and non-German Eu rope. The nations which have remained neutral are anxious onlookers. The question in their minds is whether Ger many is to become the leading world power, witu its proven strength for further aggression, or to retire from the field with a head "bloody but still un bowed" to await the issue at sea, as the final answer to the question the Ger man Emperor has asked of Fate. The looming figure in the field is that of the' divine right" ruler, who has been do scribed as "either a genius or a para noiac." The terms, insofar as the mil itary genius which expresses itself wars for aggrandizement, are hardly Homicidal mania in private life causes a man to kill one man and is called insanity. The same mania in a monarch may pass for con structive genius, and, if the fortunes of war favor his flag, may prove so. During the peaceful years of his reign in normal. We will get there faster if we this unusual situation to the satisfaction Emperor Wilhelra II., the half-English of everybody. Reprinted from Chicago Examiner, August 13, 1914. avoid hysterics. It will not help condi tions, in particular or in general, to commence launching unfounded accusa tions against this, that or the other line of business or to call names. Circumstances of last week, utterly Operator Garrett Shot MURDER AT TRIMBLE. ruler of Germany, has so far eclipsed the record of all other crowned heads as a promoter of the welfare of bis country that had he died last month Deiore uie precipitation ot war upon Through I Europe, he might have been called beyond the control of anybody, directly affected live stock and meat prices. The financial situation everywhere at the beginning of the week (which fortunately now is a thing of the past) made it im possible for buyers and shippers in the stock-growing sections to send stock to market. Then Washington sent out, and properly so, official advice to farm ers to hold their crops. While this was addressed directly to cotton and wheat growers, it bad its affect upon all farmer Heart by Stranger. An unfortunate and deplorable mur der occurred at Trimble, Tenn., at 1;10 o'clock Sunday morning. , K. S. Garrett, the night telegraph operator for the Illinois Central Railroad, was shot and instantly killed by Clarence Hendricks, formerly of Trimble, but whose home at present is at Phoenix, Arizona. Gar rett did not even know Hendricks, Young Garrett's home is at Jackson, his mother living on Chester CAR LOAD NEW RE-CLEANED SEEDRYE Barley, Crimson Clover and All Kinds of Field Seeds Grain Go. , Wholesale and Retail Grain, Hay and Field Seeds Telephone No. 31 Union Citv. Tenn. III! 4 ' ' 1 1 Ask for prices before selling your Grain or Hay producers, inese circumstances added tension. He hstd been working at Trim to the live stock shortage, wh which ble only a short time. we nave. neen struggling ail tney year.J Amnrdir.tr tr ih nnri whiMi r.ni10B caused fluctuations which nobody could ug, Garrett was on the inside of the of control. The conditions are fast be- fice and Hendricks on the outside at a coming normal and prices will soon be on a more even basis. William the Great." Apparentlyjie would not have died contented with his career. Events soon to transpire will determine, whether the "vaulting am bition" of the Kaiser made or ruined him. He will issue from this immeas urable war of his own creation either a mighty conqueror or a gigantic failure Austria would hardly have acted against Servia without Germany's consent. When Germany allowed the match to ! v.rt -) A : .v. i i sfrppf fx. I " "'"I't"3" jjowuur seg it was with full knowledge that the explosion would envelope the Qontinent of Eu rope in smoke. t The German navy is the creation of Wilhelm II. and expresses more than window which was up, the night being anything else his foreign policy. His warm. Two other men were on the in- first address after his ascension to the side of the office and probably one or throne was to the army and navy. His two outside. It is said Hendricks had first aQd 'ast thoughts have always been been drinking. He asked a man on the about building both to invincible pro inside for his cigarette. Hendricks ac- portions. JNo ruler of ancient times . . . . ... .1 . ,J i. II .J .1 1 "A 1 T " 1 . 1 triloraM n-tswsi mvilamle i a t in this age of the world, is to confess ulueuut"J' uruppeu uis pistoi lnsiue tnei imyuiuy m me power 01 ierrorance of business fundamenta! window on the bench. Garrett told him the sword. And no man has trusted Armour & Co. or uny other large to be ,nore carefu1' aa he miht kU1 mo implicitly to himself. His virtual n,n,,(a,(n0 onrOrr,ri0a mw somebody that he was not intending to dismsssal of hia great Chancellor, Bis- more money when raw material is plen- VOLUME MEANS PROFIT. To ignore scarcity and to discuss price as if price were the only profit factor in this business or any other large business llll D on farm lands, for term of five years 33 Per cent interest payable semi-annually W. E. HI) DG 0 NS Attorney At Levw Phones 143 and 589 UNION CITY, TENN. tiful and prices are low (including prices to the consumer) than we can when raw material is scarce and prices are high. Big concerns make their profit on vol ume, not on price. Take our own situation, for I can speak with authority on our own busi ness at least. Armour & Co. have a large investment in plants and branch houses in brick, mortar and machinery in horses, wagons and motor trucks and have thousands of men on the pay roll. We can make money on this in vestment only when we can keep our plants running somewhere near full capacity. We have not been able to do that for months. KILLING FORCE IDLE. During the last two weeks Armour & Co. have killed fewer hogs than during any similar period since we have been in business. Last week our sheep kill ing force, already reduced, was able to work only twelve hours during the whole week, and stood idle the remain der of the time because there were no sheep. Does any one think for a mo ment we like to have the plant idle, or that it is profitable to us to have it idle, even if the product could command double present prices? This is a con dition which would affect prices without European war. When disturbance from conditions over there is added to this condition something has to happen to prices. Our own experience illustrates the extraordinary conditions of last week. Our Chicago plant here has a killing capacity of more than 60,000 hogs a week. Last week it killed only 5,024. Kansas City has almost the same ca pacity and killed only 2,012. Our East St. Louis, Fort Worth and St. Joe plants killed, respectively, 504, 783 and 595 hogs last week. . , The nine Armour . plants altogether killed only 14,733 bogs last week, as kill with it. A few words passed aad marck, known as the creator of the Garrett leaned over caught hold of German Empire, and admittedly the the chair he was sitting in to move it so greatest European statesman of his as to get out of the way of the pistol. As he did so be turned bis right side toward Hendricks, who fired at him, the ball passing through his body from the rear and piercing his heart. Hen dricks and a friend named Bill Stallipgs, fled when they saw Garrett had been killed. The Sheriff of Dyer County was sent for, who, with Deputy Sheriff L. C. Robertson, followed the route taken by Hendricks, but failed to overtake him. The body of Garrett was shipped to Jackson for burial. Fulton Leader, BIG FAIR AT FULTON, KY,, TO BE BETTER THAN EVER Five Big Days, September 1, 2, 3 4 and 5, 1914. At no time during the history of the Fulton County Fair has such extensive preparations been made to entertain the crowds that will attend. Many new fea tures will be introduced never before witnessed in this section of the coun try. The racing program and show rings will be unusually good. The ex hibits will be larger and better than Lever, ttie music ana automobile racing extraordinary. In fact, not a dull mo ment during the entire five days. Special low rates and accommodat ing railroad service make it convenient for everybody to attend the fair, the biggest and best in the history of Ful ton. . JF Meet me at the Fulton County Fair, Fulton, Ky., Sept. 1-5. We have farms for sale in every sec tion of Obion County and quite a num ber of them in the central and western part of Fulton County. We can suit you in any price land you want Davis fe Russell, t Real Estate Agents. time, was an act of daring popularly referred to as "dropping the pilot.' The expression refers, of course, to tb It ! . 1 .1 .... naroor puot. Dy uie steamer wnicu is ready to go full steam ahead, with ber prow pointing to the high seas under the direction of her own skipper. For a quarter of a century the Ger man ship of state has steamed serenely with the' Kaiser in full charge. His plans have been to expand the German Empire, building at home for indus trial and commercial strength, and building up military and naval strength sumcient to prevent any otner power from impeding the progress of Ger many m any direction, lie has been popularly credited for a good many years with cherishing, as his greatest ambition, the hope of whipping Great Britain and giving Germany the posi tion of hrst power and importance among the nations. That ambition is about to be realized, at enormous ex pense in blood and treasure, or hope lessly and forever defeated. He has never expected a war between Germany and England to be confined to the two Powers. No one having even a slight acquaintanceship with European pol Hies couia ioo k upon sucn a war as a possibility. There is little of the unex pected in tbo present situation unless it is Italy's refusal to act with Germany and Austria. ' Had Wilhelm II. lived in the period when overseas colonization was in its infancy as a European enterprise he would doubtless have been a great "Conquistadore, " through the agency of German explorers and naval and military officers. But his reign began when it was necessary for a European Power's colonization policy to begin in Europe, if at all. Foreign possessions must, largely, be wrested from other! Powers, and the seas must bo nolieed! by German men-of-war to make pos sible a great expansion of tho Empire as a colonial power. Great Britain must be not only outpointed by German mer chants in the peaceful fight for com mercial growth, but must be crushed as a marine power to make way for German territorial aggrandizement. Although Germany is in some re spects ultra-modern the Kaiser has treated his olfice, in public documents and speeches, as an ngency of God. Although he has been for some time known as the "War Lord," the Kaiser is a novice in war. Hia military edu cation is theoretic. He has loved his army and navy as a boy loves a glitter ing weapon which he has never used. Neither he nor any officer of the allies araycd agalust him knows whether he has the genius of generalship. That he is confident goes without saying. Self-reliance is his distinguishing char acteristic. It is interesting in connec tion with the heavy losses suffered by ' the Germans in their ineffectual charges during the early days of fightiug before the forts at Liege to read a prophecy made by a German contributor to an American magazine several years ago and recalled to print by the inaugura tion of the European war. The critio of the Kaiser's methods, as revealed in maneuvers, said that he fought as if old-fashioned smooth bores were the only fire arms in existence, and that if in any future war he should rely upon cavalry and infantry charges in com pact formation across territory swept by the enemy's fire "not a man nor a horse will reach the object of attack." Upon soveral occasions, notably in the Balkan War, the German, Emperor has been a factor for tho preservation of peace between the great Powers of Europe. But he has, apparently, never swerved from his ambition to extend bis empire, and the expansion planned has always contemplated the removal of British supremacy as being essential. There are, of course, differences of opinion among disinterested observers, as to whether . the Kaiser deliberately intended to occasion at this time the war tnat is now in progress and pop ularly charged to his account, but those who believe that the Emperor of Ger many, after a period of "watchful wait ing" had decided that his military and naval equipment was sufficient, and that now was the time to strike, area majority. At any rate Germany is into it to win or lose, and the Emperor of Germany will corryfrnt of it either with his life dream realized or his cherished illusion shattered. In the event of de feat be would be fortunate if his could be the fate of kings in ancient times who led their armies personally and, oftentimes, fell mortally wounded bo fore the rush of a conquering foe. The Kaiser flashes a maiden sword atnity-hve, with everything risked upon the issue between the allies on one side and Austria and Germany on the other. He is decidedly the most dramatic figure of modern times. But the period is one little inclined to indorse the aspira- tions of rulers who dream of conquest. Therefore the Kaiser, insofar as world opinion goes, has more to lose and less to win than had a "War Lord" of an cient times. Courier-Journal. . Jf NEWS NOTES. The United States has made public a statement defining its attitude toward, the ultimatum issued by Japan to Ger many. Although it intends to main tain its attitude of strict neutrality the Government states that Japan must not seek to agglindize any territory, must restore Klau Chaw to China and take no action in any other part of China without consulting the United States. The rites of absolution were performed on the body of Tope Pius X. in the chapel of the Blessed Sacrament in St. Peter's. The body was viewed by thousands during the day. The report of the death of the sister of Pope Pius X. came through a telegraphic error in a cable to London, which the Associated Press sent on to this country. The Federal Reserve Board announced that it was ready to hear appeals from the decision of the Organization Com mittee in the selection of tho twelve sites for the Federal reserve banks. Louisville bankers are expected to pro test against the division of Kentucky and ask that the whole State be placed in one group. A call for 150 brines the coal waeon. Union City Ice & Coal Co.