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OR. E. M. LONG
DENTIST Ovrr White & Burchard'i Drug Store, Union City, Tenn, Telephone- OiSc M4-2, Residence 144-3 DR. E. M. LONG DENTIST - Over Whita & Burcharj' Druy Stort, Union City, Term. Telelphoner Office 144-2; Residence 144-3 fniou Cit7 Commercial, eahl!shs d !S0 j Wel Tennessee Courier, established 187 I UNION CITY, TENN, FRIDAY, DECEMBER II, 1914. VOL. 23, NO. 37. Consolidated September 1, 1497 T7-k TT A TT I JJf A it I Xi XI J ii roNT keepyouk: MONEY IN THE ixs c Put IT IN THE BANK When your money is burned up, regrets won't bring it back to you. It is very unsafe and it worries you a whole lot to have money in your house or in a hole in the ground. , Besides "look ing" time after time to see if it is safe teaches people where it is and makes it very unsafe. MAKE OUR BANK YOUR BANK. OLD NATIONAL. BANK Union City, Tannsssae JAMES PALMER TALKS , MUCH ABOUT 6000 ROADS O D Cherry-Mo Grain: Co. ' Wholesale and Retail Grain, Hay and Field Seeds CLOVER Alsike, Alfalfa, Red Top, Timothy, Blue Grass, Orchard Grass and all kinds of Field Seed HAY AND CORN Corn Chops, Bran, Oats, Cotton Seed Meal and Hulls and all kinds of Feed. Union Gity, Tenn. Telephone No. 31 p y Let me figure with you on your feeding this winter. I am in position to give you some close prices on Cotton Seed Products As I am associated now with the Lake County Man ufacturing Co., both at Tiptonville and Dyersburg, Tenn.; am representing them on a salary and can give you Mill Prices and Ilia IliEiiest Protein Jails Call either at office or by residence phone at night. We are also paying the Highest Market Price for COTTON AND COTTON SEED. Custom Ginning after this week, Wednesdays and Saturdays. Office Phone 346. Residence Phone 514 LAEtE CQUiJTY FG. CO. F, L. PITTMAI1, Usnsgsr Union Giiy, Tenn. Legislature Should Provide Convict Labor on Roads. The great question that is confronting tbe people of Tennessee, is to find "ways and means" to build good roads. Tbe necessity for them is known to every one, and is disputed by none. They put the farmer in closer touch with the world. They will bring the auto truck to his door, taking to market such things that ba has to sell and returning, bring ing him those things necessary for tbe welfare of the family. Tbey will bring graded schools, and their influence will be felt in the churches by increased at tendance, and by having better paid preachers, the moral conditions of the community will be much improved. The question of government aid is one for future statesmen to solve. Aid from this source is far in tbe distance and we should now direct our activities looking for, and devising ways and means to build them ourselves. The system that seems to be giving universal satisfaction is, building pubiic highways by convict labor. Tbe States of California, Georgia, Illinois, Kansas, Missouri, Montana, New York, Oregon, New Mexico, Virginia, Wyoming, Colo rado, who have been experimenting with this system for a number of years, are very enthusiastic about it, and are now planning for great things along this line, the coming year. ' , . "Now, as Warden Tynan remarks, the Colorado convict is no saint, and about 25 per cent of them are dangerous and should be confined. Of the 75 per j cent, some really should not be where they are and all can be trained to better citizenship for the return to freedom by treating them as men. In accordance with this theory, which has been con firmed in practice, the men who are al lowed to go out to work are treated housed and directed in their work -like any well arranged railroad camp outfit They constructed their own temporary living quarters, but there are no bolts on the doors nor bars on the windows True, they all retire to bed and arise at the same time, but so do soldiers. The men are worked in rural districts; they do not go to town, 'and unless a man breaks a rule be need never return to the prison. He can serve his full term in the open air, and when bis time ex pires be he has become proficient in something, surveying, , blacksmithing. farming or other occupations for which there is a demand. Not only that, but by earnest, faithful work of eight hours daily and observance of the rules he can reduce a five year term one half." Tbe State of Virginia says to any county that wants to build a good road (this applies to the building of perma nent roads only), If you will furnish the tools and material, the State will furnish the brains and labor.". The brains are furnished through the engi neer of the State Highway Commission and the labor furnished is that of con victs. Should a county decide to engage in the building of good roads an appli cation is made to the Highway Commis sioner, who visits tbe place and makes a complete survey, just as for a railroad. A blue print is struck off and the county furnished with a detailed estimate of the cost of the road, so that it will know be forehand the exact expense. If they agree on the kind and character nf road to be built, a requisition is made upon the superintendent of the penitentiary for so many men of the State Convict Koad Force. The superintendent then drafts the required number of men and sends to tbe point of work without cost to the county. " The men are not clothed in the usual prison stripes, but have a uniform of Khaki or blue. The men as soon as put on the road gain rapidly in flesh and their appearance is much improved. It would be humane and just to pay the convicts while at work so much per hour for their labor to enable them to take care of those depending upon them. v;:. ,, The laws of these States have been carefully read and examined, and the gist of tbem is, that the best system ii to have a Highway Commission with power to hire a competent engineer to assist and direct county engineers in lay ing out a comprehensive system of roads, connecting with adjoining counties. Many counties need changes in their line of roads, taking them out cf creek bottoms, straightening them, reducing grades and running around the bills in stead of over tbem. This will meet with much opposition by those affected, and tor will reouire the services of a skilled engineer and a diplomat to make the change. We have had too much enthusiasm in some of our road building, and some of the money raised by bond users has been spent unwisely,leaving the counties with a burdensoms debt, and no money for maintenance. It would be better if tbe necessarv concrete culverts and bridges were built first, and then an earth road graded and keptin order with a split log drag; thin makes a fine surv iceable road when properly cared for, The gravel and broken stone can be ap nlied at anv time, and at places where it is most needed. The longer that an earth road is used and dragged, the bet ter it is. Tbe United States Office of Public Boads, Washington, D. C, is sues pamphlets describing how to build all kinds of roads, tbe split log drag and bow to use it. Many counties of our State are working their work house prisoners on the public roads with good results. The using of prisoners for this work has passed the experimental stage it has proven to be all that its strongest advocates claimed for it; it has won high place in public favor. Our next Legislature should enact such laws 'as are necessary, looking to the building of our roads by convict labor. , Buffalo To Try Commission, Buffalo, the second city in New York State, with a population estimated at 400,000, is to become the world's largest commission-governed city. The fight for a new charter, which has continued over a period of t ten years, was won at the recent November election, the city votine bv a majority of more than 16,000 to establish the commission form of government. ., Some of the notable features of Buf falo's new- charter are summarized by the Albany Knickerbocker Press. From this summary it appears that the new charter abolishes a total of fifty elective municipal offices. For these it substi tutes five elected officers, only three of whom are to be voted for at any one election after the first election in No vember, 1915. t The charter abolishes the use of all party emblems and party names at primaries and general elections, providing that names of candidates must appear alphabetically on the ballot. It eliminates the ward system of "govern ment and abolishes the present method of nominations. It gives any 800 citi zens the right by petition to nominate Councilmen. , In place of the old councilmanic boards there will be five Councilmen, or Commissioners, each of whom is at the head of a department. They are au thorized to pass ordinances and to con duct the affairs of the city in general. All meetings of the Commissioners are to be public and the votes of each Com missioner are to be put on record. The old Board of Education is also abolished, and with it the elected School Superin tendent. The new charter establishes a Department, cf Public Instruction with its head a board of education of not less than five, of which one must be a WO' man, to have charge of tbe public schools, their properties, expenditures and affairs. 1 v Under the provisions of the new char ter franchise grabbing will be a thing of the past. , The voters alone are given the power, at a general or special election, to grant rights for public service corpo rations to occupy streets and public places. If special elections are called to pass oh such matters the public service corporation which is seeking favors must pay the expenses of such elections. In this respect the charter is said to be dif ferent from that of all other commission charters now in existence. A referendum check is provided for all ordinances, should the voters, by a 5 per cent, petition, demand one within thirty days, except in case of emergency ordinances affecting the public health or safety.: . , . Other features of the charter aresimi- ar to , tne commission cnarters else where, and the scheme of government is practically the same as that in other commission cities. It will be more than a year before Buffalo enters' upon tbe new regime. , As the largest city under the commis.sion form, its experience will be of interest and value to other munici palities, Louisville Courier JournaL THE LOCAL DEATH ROLL BEQUEESCAT IN PAGE Death of Miss Addie Gardnar. After an illness of nearly three years Miss Addie Gardner died at the home of her mother, Mrs. Nan Gardner, in the city, on Saturday afternoon at 5:30 o'clock, Dec 5, 1914. ! Miss Gardner was 48 years of age She was reared in Union City and for some years was saleswoman in the lead ing Union City dry goods stores. She enjoyed a liberal patronage and an ex tensive friendship and her work was of great value to the merchants, as well also did hit good judgment, generosity arid kindness contribute to the pleasures of home. There were those at home for whom her sacrifices made up a life of heroic character, but one of pleasure and devotion to these duties. She preferred the plain and simply practical in life, but wag unalterable in faith and loyalty tbe highest standards of character, and earned the encomiums of truest friendship. , Miss Addie was esteemed by the largest number of peo pie, loved by her friends and enjoyed tbe affections of her mother and family. witnessed in their devotions through ber long illness. She had intellectual force adorned with the graces of heart, and her life was an example of true womau hood. Miss Gardner was a member of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. She is survived by her mother and sister Mrs. Annette Boaz, and her brothers, Dick at home and Ben at Malvern, Ark Her father, S. M. Gardner, died about twenty-five years ago. : Services were held at the residence on Second street Sunday afternoon at o'clock, conducted by Rev, C. M Zwingle, and the remains were interred at East View, escorted by a large funeral procession, and her grave was covered with beautiful floral tributes. Death of J. L. Cox. Jacob L. Cox died at his home about six miles west of Woodland Mills on Friday night, Dec. 4, 1914, after an ill ness from access or tne stomacn and bowels. Mr. Cox was born Feb. 18 1840, aged nearly 75 years. He enlisted in the vicinity of his home in the early days of the Confed eracy and served in tbe Southern cause three and one-half years. He was in the Thirty-tbird Tennessee. In 1874 he was married to Miss Mary Aun Whipple and two. children were born, one dying in infancy, the other a daugh' ter, whose death took place severa years ago. After the death of his first wife Mr. Cox was married again. Mrs. Josie Inman, who gurvives, became Mrs. Cox in 1899. There are also surviving t sister and brother of Mr. Cox, the lat ter Mr. Green Cox, besides a grandchild, Mr. Cox was a member of the Bap tist Church, and a well known citizen, esteemed by his community as a man of worth and character, and his death causes universal sorrow. Remains were interred Sunday at Salem, with services at the church by Rev. Huey. : Death at Hopkinsville. W. S. Long, of this place, received a message last week stating that his cousin, Mrs. Dr. Young, of Hopkinsville, Ky., had died very suddenly of heart trouble; The same message stated that Thomas W. Long, brother of Mrs. Young, had died from the shock of his sister's death. Tbe death of these most estimable peo ple plunged the community in which they lived into inexpressible grief. They were children, ofc Gabriel Long, of Hop kinsville, Ky., and great-grand-children of Major Gabriel Long, of Virginia. Tbe Hopkinsville New Era speaks of them thus: - No two people Lad mora real friends and there were none as true and loyal friends to more people. Their death brings genuine sorrow to everybody, high and low, rich ani poor, who camo within the scope of their friendship and their places can never be filled in the hearts of those who bad the privilege of knowing and enjoying their plendid generosity. No one in trouble ever appealed to them in vain, and their hole lives were of unceasing kindness to those tbey were able to befriend. - Lady Reaper. Call l-'O and pr-t your coal and wood. Union City Ico k Coal Co. Memory of Uncle Lee Gray. The subject of this sketch was born in Kentucky July 29, 1S23, aud 1 hence tbe family moved to' Louisiana for a short time. In 1845 they settled in Obion County at the home place near Crystal. The country was at that timo practically a wilderness of native forest of the bills and canebrake of the low lands. In 1845 Mr. Gray was married to Miss Manda Howard, who died in a short time. His second wife was Miss Nancy Howard, and the union was blessed by a large family of children, ten of whom were reared to maturity, as follows: Henrietta, David Allen, Frances, Demaris, Demetry, Marion, Mary Ann, Willie Dee, Maggie, ; and Lou Rena, Beven living and three do ceased. The mother died May 4, 1914. Mr. Gray was a member of the Bap tist Church about sixty-five years. He was one of tbe members of the Reelfoot Baptist Church and never missed a pro tracted meeting for sixty years. For two years he was an invalid and could not attend. He was a great church worker and a man of powerful influ ence for good in his community. Every body knew and loved Uncle Lee. His life was ripe in the years of stalwart manhood, of usefulness and Godliness, and his community and those dear to his heart will ever cherish his good name. - Deceased bore his illness and suffer ing with patience and forbearance, and left with his parting words, that he was "only waiting for the Lord to call him home." Death took place Nov. 18, 1914. , Death of A. G. Allmond. Aaron G. Allmond died in this city at the home of his son, S. E. Allmond, Dec. 3, 1914, at 10.10 o'clock a. m. af ter a few months illness. Deceased was 74 years of age. He was born Jan. 9, 1841, in Henry County and reared in Weakley County. He was married in Weakley to Miss Mary Ann Wilson Fob. 12, 18G1. ? The death of the latter took place seven s years ago. Mr. Allmond was tbe last of a family of brothers and sisters. He is survived by a son and daughter, S. E. Allmond and Mrs, Cora Harrison, the latter residing at Dresden. Deceased was by trade a carpenter and followed that pursuit in Union City for a number of years. The family settled in Obion County about thirty-seven years ago. ; He was a member of the Christian Church, an Odd Fellow, and lived to honor his church and fraternal connections, Since the death of Mrs, Allmond Mr. Allmond has lived with his son and daughter, and had been with the former for some months, when illnes overcame him. U Mr. Allmond was a man of quiet habits and pleasant manner. He was thoroughly houest in his convictions of right and duty and respected bis obliga tions with tbe highest faith and prac tice. He lived uprightly and honorably and his death brings its parting grief and consoling memories. Services were held Friday at the resi dence of S. E. Allmond, conducted by Rev. Louis Jones, of Troy, and the re mains were interred at East View. Kathryn Bingham. On Friday night, Nov. 27, at 1 o'clock Miss Kathryn Bingham, daughter of Mr. and Mrs, J, L. Bingham, of Ken ton, Teun,, was called from the flower and beauty of youth Co the gajrden of paradisetransplanted from a tenement of earth to tbe immortal glories of Eden. The young lady was one of the most nteresting and attractive of her school ife and environments. She was a mem ber of the M. E. Church Sunday school and devoted to ber class work. Indeed gifted in the graces of sweetest girlhood . she was universally loved, an affection ate daughter, a loving friend, who will be greatly missed from the circles at home and elsewhere. She leave .with heart3 bowed down father, mother, one sister and one brother. The remains were conveyed on Sun day afternoon to Union Grove Church, with service by Rev. B. TV Fuzzell, and interred at the Union Grove Cemytery. Deceased was & relative of Mrs. S. D. Wooahy, of this city. . Attention, Confederate Veterans. . Warren McMonald Camp No. itfO will met in tbe City Hall in Union City the first Moirday in January, 1915,st 1 m. ... . : ,: J. T. LA-ntv, CommanJiT. It. Poutix, Adjt.