Entered at the post office at Onion City. Ten
nessee, as sccond-clas mail matter.
Marshall & Baird, Union City, Tenn.
FRIDAY. DECEMBER 11, 1914.
WON RICHES FROM THE LAND
WE ARE LONG ON PRODUCTION,
SHORT ON DISTRIBUTION.
It will be ECONOMY for you to visit our store before
buying your Xmas presents. We have multitudes of attrac
tive, unusual articles for gifts that you will not see or think of
when going through other stores. Our Xmas stock will be
EASY to inspect as your attention will not be distracted by
articles that are not suitable for presents.
We give you what you ask for.
$1 Pays for The Commercial 1 Year
The usual line of good things to eat.
Fruits, Nuts, etc. i
Give us your order for Fruit, Cakes,
Layer Cakes, Angel Foods,
Gift Packages of High-Grade Candies
and .Cigars 1
Phone 109 J
Story of an Immigrant Family That
Went Farming Forty-six
John Austin and his wife, Emma,
48 years ago cam to this country
from England with their four sons and
settled on a 160-acre farm in the
Rocky mountains. Austin had been a
mill worker and he and his wife
scarcely had money enough to come
to this country and take up the 160
acres which the government at that
time was willing to give any settler.
Of the subsequent eucr.es 1 of this fam
ily Doctor Winship writes in Farm and
Fireside as follows:
"Once established and the market
gardening echeme on its feet, John di
vided the 160 acres In halves, kept
, 80 acres and gave each of the boys
20 acres. They all worked the whole
of It, but kept the expenses and in
come from each lot distinct.
"I know Mark Austin well; he Is
one of the eminently prosperous men
In Idaho. He furnishes sugar beets
for eight of the large factories along
a line of 400 miles of railway, raising
many of the beets and contracting for
the rest He is a prince among the
business men of Idaho.
"The other three boys, Thomas, "Wil
liam and John, are cattle kings in
Colorado, Wyoming and Utah; each is
at the head of a live stock company, i
two in the sheep business one had
50,000 head when I saw him in 1913. .
One is president of the Wool Growers'
association of the intermountain re
"The business interests of those
four mighty men are Interlinked,
though financially distinct They run
their vast business schemes as they
did their 20 acres each, when they
ran the 80 acres as though it, were
one market garden, but they knew the 1
profit of each 20 acres, and divided it.
They still keep those eighty acres to
gether and apart. Each of those four
men has a family, and each has done
by his sons what the father did for
KNEW REVOLUTION HEROINE
Good Job Printing a Specialty Here
Agents Glub Houso, Lyndon, Charm
lleokin's Coffees, Teas and Spices
Pennsylvania Woman Still Living
Who Was Acquainted With the
Famous Molly Pitcher.
In excellent health in spite of her
advanced years, Mrs. Samuel Sipe,
Cumberland county's oldest resident,
a personal friend of Molly Pitcher, the
heroine of Monmouth, has just cele
brated her one hundred and second
birthday, according to a Carbondale
(Pa.) dispatch to the New York
Her health is good, and although she
is unable to walk she can hear clearly
and her mind is a marvel for clever
ness and recollection. Mrs. Sipe was
born in Switzerland, October 6, 1812,
and came with her parents when only
six years of age to this country. The
trip was made in a sailing vessel and
the voyage consumed 16 weeks. She
lived in Philadelphia for a time and
came to Carlisle 95 years ago. She
remembers the old stage coaches that
made this a stopping point on the
road to Pittsburgh, and also the run
ning of the first train on the Cumber
land Valley, July 4, 1857,
By Peter Radford
Lecturer National Farmers' Union.
The economic distribution of farm"
products is today the world's greatest
problem and the war, while it has
brought Us hardships, has clearly em
phasized the importance of distribu
tion as a factor in American agricul
ture and promises to give the farm-;
era the co-operation of the govern
ment and the business men the
solution of their marketing problem.;
This result will, In a measure, com
pensate us for our war losses, for the
business interests and government
have been in the main assisting al
most exclusively on the production
side of agriculture. While the depart
ment of agriculture has been dumping
tons of literature on the farmer telling
him how to produce, the farmer has
been dumping tons of products in the
nation's Vibage can for want of a,
The World Will Never Starve.
At no time since Adam and Eve
were driven from the Garden of Eden
have the inhabitants of this world
suffered from lack of production, but
some people have gone hungry from
the day of creation to this good hour
for the lack of proper distribution.
Slight variations in production have
forced a change in diet and one local
ity has felt the pinch of want while
another surfeited, 'but the world as a
whole has ever been a land of plenty.
We now have less than one-tenth of
the tillable land of the earth's surface
under cultivation, and we not only
have this surplus area to draw on but
it is safe to estimate that in case of
dire necessity one-half the earth's
population could at the present time
knock their living out of the trees
of the forest gather It from wild
vines and draw it from streams. No
one Bhould -become alarmed; the
world will never starve.
The consumer has always feared
that the producer would not supply
him and his fright has found expres
sion on the statute books of our states
and nations and the farmer has been
urged to produce recklessly and with
out reference to a market, and regard
less of the demands of the consumer.
Back to the Soil.
The city people have been urging
each other to move back to the farm,
but very few of them have moved.
We welcome our city cousins back to
the soil and this earth's surface con
tains 16,092,160,000 idle acres of till-
able land where they can make a
living by tickling the earth with a
forked stick, but we do not need them
so far as increasing production is con
cerned; we now have all the producers
we can use. The city man has very
erroneous Ideas of agricultural condi
tions. The commonly accepted theory
that we are short on production is all
wrong. Our annual increase in pro
duction far exceeds that of our in
crease In population.
The World as a Farm.
Taking the world as one big farm,
we find two billion acres of land in
cultivation. Of this amount there Is
approximately 750,000,000 acres on the
western and 1,260,000,000 acres on the
eastern hemisphere, In cultivation.
This estimate, of course, does not In
clude grazing lands, forests, etc.,
where large quantities of meat are
The world's annual crop approxi
mates fifteen billion bushels of ce
reals, thirteen billion pounds of fibre
WE HAVE SOME DANDY PATTERNS FOR
SUITS OR OVERCOATS .
Take your measure and have them ready 6 to 8 days.
$15.00 to $50.00
GOOD Xfl AS GIFTS:
SHIRTS, COLLARS, TIES, COMBINATION SETS
BATH ROBES, SWEATERS, REEFERS
give; us a call. -
Her stories of Molly Pitcher, with
whom she was personally familiar, j and Blxty-flve million tons of meat
vuuuuu many unique incidents in me
life of this peculiar heroine.
MAN KILLS HUNGRY WILDCAT
Frank W. Adams
"We Deliver the Goods"
306 East Main Street
Beast Had Attacked Party of Unarmed
Men, and Was Dispatched
A wildcat attacked a party of hunt
ers in the deer woods of Atlantic coun
ty, six miles this side of Mays Land
ing, and was killed, after a fight, by
Thomas Campbell, who brought the
carcass home as proof of his exciting 1
Young Campbell, with his father, Jo
seph Csmpbell, and a companion
naoiea Geiss, were exploring the
woods, following a deer run, with the
Idea of staking out stands for the open
season, when the wildcat suddenly at
tacked them. The beast leaped upon
Geiss, who struck wildly at it with his
fists. One of the blows knocked the
big cat . to the ' earth. None of the
men was armed, but Thomas Camp
bell picked up a heavy piece of wood
and struck the animal as it renewed
the attack. A blow on the head
stunned the beast and the two men
beat it to death.
The wildcat was apparently a cub,
cot quite fully grown. Its gaunt body
showed that it had nearly starved dur
ing the long drought, which drove
much of the small game from the
woodlands to the swamps. It Is be
lieved that hunger forced the beast
to attack the men. A wildcat is a
good deal of a curiosity in this re
gion, as it has been several years
since any of the bes nts have been seen
by native huntirs. Year ago bears
and wildcats were frequently seen.
Pitman (N. J.) Dispatch to Philadel
phia Inquirer. .
The average annual world crop for
the past five years, compared with the
previous five years, Is as follows:
7 Past Half Previous Half
Crops Decade. Decade.
Corn (Bu.) 8,934,174,000 8,403,655,000
Wheat(Bu.) 3,522,769,000 3,257,526,000
Oats (Bu.) 4,120,017,000 8,508,315,000
Cotton (Bales) 19,863,800 17,641,200
The world shows an average in
crease in cereal production of 13 per
cent during the past decade, compared
with the previous five years, while the
world's population shows an increase
of only three per cent i
The gain in production far exceeds
that of our increase in population, and
it is safe to estimate that the farmer;
can easily increase production 25 per,
cent If a remunerative market can be
found for the products. In textile
fibres the world shows an increase
during the past half decade In produc
tion of 15 per cent against a popula
tion increase of three per cent . ;
The people of this nation should
address themselves to the subject of
Improved facilities for distribution.
o) of All
Windows, Doors, Columns
Shingles, Posts, Rails
Some Second-hand and Rough
Lumber VERY CHEAP
Askins & DiMs Lumber Co.
UNION CITY, TENN.
I I I I
.....Coal JB ?
Is not necessarily fFREE'ftt 'v'1'
the lowest in price Prori..
since the value is largely determined by the
quality you receive, and If it is
FREE FROM DIRT
of all kinds. We guarantee our coal to be of the best I
II quality, and at the end of winter will prove the cheap- II
II t-urniia if will cm tVi fnrtliMK II
I MELVIN COAL CO.
Telephone No. II.
Over-production and crop mortgage
force the farmers into ruinous com-1
petition with each other. The remedy'
lies In organization and In coopera
tion in marketing.
Nigh, "which Is lust now "the siat of
the Servian king, has previously had
a place in history. It was there that
Constantino the Great the founder of
Constantinople and the protector of
Christians, was born some sixteen cen
turies ago, and there it was, also,
about a hundred years later, that Val
entlnian I divided the Roman empire
with his brother, Valens. NSeh was
then called Naissgg, and it was the
capital of one part of the province of
Mesia, which is now made up Servia
and Bulgaria. '
The Rockefeller Foundation already
has spent about $1,000,000 for the re
lief of the starving population of Bel
gium, and stands ready to spend a
million more in the same direction, ac
cording to a statement issued by John
D. Rockefeller, Jr., president of the
A heavy vote to continue the strike
of shopmen on the Harriman railway
lines has been returned by two of the five
organizations involved, according to the
business agent of the International Or
der of Machinists.
Juan Isidro Jimines, who took the
oath of office as President of the Domin
ican Republic, has announced the per
sonnel of his cabinet
For the first time in four years, the
lightship on Nantucket Shoals is adrift
The recent heavy northeast storm parted
her anchcr chains.
Bulb Gutierrez, Provisional Presi
dent of Mexico, with Gens. Villa and
Zapata, formally occupied the capital
section of Mexico City.
Prof. Stephen Panaretoff, the first
Bulgarian minister to the United States,
arrivedon . board the Kroonland, in
High tides and wind sweepwing the
Atlantic coast have caused heavy dam
age at Atlantic City, Rehbotb, Del.,
and other points.
President Hadley, of Yale, is opposed
to the proposition to establish a third
college in connection with the university.
An unidentified warship, believed to
belong to one of the belligerent nations,
is ashore off the coast of Maryland.
Brecdlove Smith, 73 years old, an
officer of the old Confederate cruiser
Alabama, died in New Orleans.
Qas in the stomach, comes from food
which has fermented. Get rid of this,
badly digested food as quickly as pos
sible if you would avoid a bilious attack;
HERBINlS is the remedy you need. It
cleanses and strengthens the stomach,
liver and bowels, and restores energy "
and cheerfulness. Price 50c. 8old by
Oliver's Red Cross Drug Store. advt
Call 150, Union City Ice fc Coal Co.,.
when you want coal right now.
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