Over Wh- ? ;iI frrl. Drug
Stare, Onion City, Tenn. ;
Office 144-2. Residence 144-3
11 Jl li iG
Union City Commercial, estabHuhed 1890 i
WestTennesaee Courier, established 1897 i
Consolidated September 1, 19?
UNION CITY, TENN, FRIDAY, JANUARY 1, 1915.
MONEY IN THE
'g (to II
IT IN THE
; When your rponey is burned up, regrets won't bring it , back
to you. It is very unsafe and it worries you a whole lot to have ;
money, in your house or in a hole in the ground. Besides "look
ing" time after time to see if it is safe teaches people where it is
and makes it very unsafe. ', "
. MAKE OUR BANK, YOUR BANK. ' ;
OLD NATIONAL BANK
Union City, Tennessee ; V f , :
Wholesale and Retail . -
Grain, Hay and Field Seeds
Alsik, Alfelfa, Red Top, Timothy,
Blue Grass, Orchard Grass
and all kinds'of Field Seed ,
HAY AND CORN
Corn Chops, Bran, Oats, Cotton Seed
' Meal and Hulls ' . '
and all kinds of Feed.
Union Gity, Tenn.
Telephone No. 5
At, HULLS AND CAKE
Let me figure with you on your feeding this winter.
, I am in position to give you $omecIose prices on
"Cotton Seed Products
As I am associated how with the Lake County Man
ufacturing Co., both at (Tiptonville and Dyersburg,
Tenn.; am representing them on a salary and can
give you ' ' :
. Mill Prices and the . Highest Protein Made -
Call either at office or by residence phone at night.
Wearealsp paying the , Highest Market Price for
COTTON AND COTTON SEED.
i: CUSTOM GINNING ON SATURDAYS
. Office Phone 346. Residence Phone 514
LAKE COUNTY R CO,
F. L. PITTMAII, Manager Union Gity, Tenn.
FUN AND FOLLY FEATURES
BAR DINNER TO JUDGES
Causes Argued, Opinions Delivered
Motions and" Affidavits Made. 'y,
, Opinions rendered by special, judges"
of the 'Higlj Court of Censor and op-
sense, Sir, of the State of Good Fellpw--
ship" featured the banquet given in
honor of the judges of the State Su-
prern Court Friday night at the Cum
berland Club by the Knoxville Bar Asi
sociation! Nearly 100 were present, all
except a few visitors being lawyers, and
the whole entertainment , was . a grand
success,' fun and mirtbi (lawyer's wit)
reigning supreme.W' - , f
At the' close'pf thes banquet, at the
wee hours of night, the; banquet last
ing from 7 o'clock p. m.' until 12:15 a.
m. the reaf judges-, of the Supreme
Court spoke a few words of gratificaM
tion'in which all of them paid Knox
ville ; attorneys high compliments for
their hospitality and entertainment of
the supreme judicial bench. Each and
all said that it is always a pleasure to
bold a term of Supreme Court in Knox
Mem berg of the Supreme Court who
partook of the banquet given in their
honor were Chief Justice M. M. Neil
and Associate' Justices Grafton Green,
S. C. Williams, A. S. Buchanan. D. L.
Lansden and Special Associate Justice
W. W. Faw. W. H. Swiggart, Jr.,
Assistant Attorney General, was also
an( honoi5 guest,, and made a short ad
dress at the close of the entertainment
in which he, with the judges, expressed
his appreciation of the hospitality and
,At the beginning of the festivities
an elaborate menu was enjoyed, it be
ing stated tha,t pleasure should come
before business, with .attorneys.' Then
"court'V was opened by "Clerk" E. S.
loung, ana an opinion" session was
begun - by "Justices" John W. Green
chief justice, and John M. Thornburg.
John H,- Frantz.j Li D. .Smith and T. A
YYrigbt, associate, justices. ' ,
These opinions, delivered with th
gravity suiting the occasion, kept th
banqueters convulsed in laughter, the
decisions' . being caricatures of typical
cases in the courts of the State. Case
were traced from the criminal, circuit
chancery and justice's court, 'and num
erous references were made' to former
decision in similar cases'' to substanti
ate the opinions.'
FoIJowing this, Gen. Jas. A. Fowler
and L. M. G. Baker argued a case in
volving the delivery of a consignment
bt liquor," which was thoroughly
laughable. Then motion was made and
affidavits read by W. Baxter Lee, Jas
G. Johnson, W. K. Turner and, Noble
Court was adjourned until one year
hence" in the regular manner by
"Clerk V K. S. Young, and the guests
departed, all in a good humor.
1 Safety First.
By T. F. Peccj Coinmissiotiesof Agriculture.
It may be worth while, at this time,
to remind all of. the people who, have to
do with the training of the next gener
ation that the slogan, "Safety First,"
stands for something that has a place
in our-work.:, It particularly concerns
the welfare of that next generation.; "
'A few years ago no special caution
was necessary for people to take care of
themselves. It was only . necessary to
come in when it rained, to look out for
Indians of wild beastsbehind the bush
es, and other things like that. Now
there are a thousand perils, in every di
rection. ' We have machines) so many
swift moving vehicles, such high speeds,
such new and unknown devices every
where, surrounded by such multitudes
of people, that some special instruction
is necessary to the safety of the people.
Our whole State is. largely covered
with electric wires. Telegraph, tele
phone, power, light lines "run every
where, even in the most remote rural
sections and all are dangerous to the ig
norant and the incautious. A broken
wire may carry death to him who
touches; it may fall in a pool of water
and bring destruction to those who step
in the water; it may fall on a barbed
and kill the one who climbs a fence a
mile av.ay. Accidents happen when
children throw wires over the telegraph
line or climb the poles for fun. .
The regular railway lines, with heavy
trains thundering along at high speed
every hour of the day and night, are
also very dangerous to the life and limb
of the incautious. Boys often jump oh
the slowly moving trains to go part of
tbe way home, or hang to t8e cars for
aby rido. Particularly' is' this true in
the village and, small towns. AH this,
the country over, results in afearful
cost' in Suffering, crippling and death.
The railroads have prepared statistics
showing the number of preventable ac
cidents in this way, and the figures are
appalling. During the past twenty
years 181,879 trespassers were killed or
injured on the railroads of thi country.-
. None of these were train men or
persons who were there by necessity
T.-. . c .1 i
Aweuiy-iivB mousana or tnerq, . were
young people, under 18 years of age
living near' the scene of the accident.
and many of them were under 10 years
of age, . . ' . ,
Fourteen trespassers have been killed
or injured by the railroads every day on
an average for several years past. Think
what an army of children it would take
to make 25,000. And all would have
been saved had they kept off the rail
road tracks. Our carelessness and heed
lessness in this regard are inconceivable.
The railroads of the country spend mil
lions of-dollars yearly to prevent acci
dents to save life and limb. Is it not a
public duty to do our small, "part too?
When we add to these sources of acci
dent a hundred thousand automobiles
swiftly careering along every road in
our State, far and near, together with
motorcycles, traction engines and other
swiftly advancing forms of locomotion,
the wonder is that any. of our children
escape long enough to grow up. They
can hope to escape only by profiting by
the wisdom and caution that come down
from the past. Somehow, thev must.
grasp in a. few days tho caution that has
required -a thousand years or more for
for the race to learn if they would
survive. ' '
I hope every teacher will take up
these subjects for attention and discus
sion in the schoolroom, in an effort to
instil the safety spirit into the minds of
the children. If we can overcome some
of the dangerous praotices it will result
in saving human life.
Plan Belgian Colony. '
Muskogee, lOkla. A plan to colonize
fifty thousand Belgians in Oklahoma
under the supervision of the Catholic
Church, and to build c", railroad 172
miles long connecting Muskogee and
Oklahoma City, along which these peo
ple may conduct intensive farming and
find a market in the largest two cities of
the State, is rapidly taking form. This
plan was conceived by several Oklahoma
women, who believe that there will be
thousands of Belgian women'-without
husbands to support them when the war
is over. They wanted these Belgian
women and girls for servants.
They were trying to solve the servant
problem. From this grew the idea of
colonizing the Belgians on. a large scale
and this has been taken up by important
commercial bodies in the State.
There is no direct line of railroad con
necting Muskogee with the State capital
and the country between for the most
part is sparsely settled. The Belgian
plan of living and farming requires
transportation. Therefore the big plan
of building a needed new railroad and
creating traffic to make it pay by set-
ling Belgians along the right-of-way in
villages and colonies, with churches of
their own and schools in which their
own language is used.
There is in New York a Belgian im
migration bureau under the' direction of
tbe Catholic Church.. The head of thfi
It is estimated that the slaughter of
animals in Kentucky in tbe effort to
stamp out the foot and mouth disease
has cost the State $39,500. The Leg
lslature will be asked to appropriate
$25,000 to reimburse tbe owners of the
animals destroyed. '; '
Creation ; of a naval reserve from
among honorably discharged enlisted
men of thenavy is proposed in. a draft
of an amendment to the forthcoming
Naval Appropriation Bill submitted by
, Secretary Daniels.
. ','That the woman's suffrage amend
merit will be defeated in the House,
probably by a two-thirds vote, was the
statement made by Democratic Leader
Justice Lamar reserved decision after
hearing a plea for an appeal to the Su
preme Court on a writ of habeas cor
pus for Leo M. Frank, convicted mur
derer, of Atlanta.
Canadians are urged to observe at
least partially the centenary of peace
between Great Britain and the United
States in a statement issued at Ottawa.
Indictments are expected Monday
against persons alleged to have been
concerned in the murder of Barnett
Baff, wealthy New York poultry dealer.
An innovation in the Ohio peniten
tiary whereby the convicts are given a
little self-government was announced as
a Christmas gift by the warden.
Massachusetts has begun a probe of
insurance companies operating under
the workmon's compensation law to de
termine if any monopoly exists.
Gen. Scott reported progress toward
peace along the Mexican border after
his conference with Gen. Maytorena,
Three committees were appointed by
the Pan-American Union to work out a
plan to guarantee neutrality in this
In the past year more than 16,000,000
animals for human consumption were
sold at a total of over $400,000,000 in
the Chicago yards.
Fifteen persons were injured at Union
town, Pa., when a street car went over
an embankment into a'swollen creek.
1 good veal. ..V ,
"'Atr the calves in
of parampuot 'nopuVtir
breeding . which would
value for beef productio
necessarily decrease the laf
bureau is a divine who was formerly ;n
charge of a parish in Oklahoma. Bishop
Theopila Meerschart, who isrl charge
of this diocese, is a native & Belgium.
Father Joseph Van Hulse-'and others in
charge ; of the Catholic Church and
schools in Muskogeevire also natives of
Belgium. Many yfcatholic priests in
uiuanoma are Belgians. Bishop Meers
chart was in Belgium when the war came
on and is fnlly live to the crisis con
fronting his countrymen even when the
war is over.
The Slaughter of Calves.
The slaughter of young calves is one
of the serious phases of the problem of
the maintenance of our country's beef
supply. Statistics indicate that the
slaughter of such animals is increasing
rapidly, due primarily to an increase in
the demand for veal, in spite of the fact
that veal is ordinarily sold at an ex
tremely high price per pound.
These veal calves are largely drawn
from the dairy districts, but, with the
growth in tbe demand for veal, other!
sections are marketing as veal in con
siderable numbers calves that, if kept
and fattened, would have made good
beef steers. The market for stockers
and feeders is therefore affected.
Various suggestions have been made
to prevent this, even such radical ones
as legislation to prohibit entirely th
slaughter of calves. The fact is not al
ways recognized, however, that this
practice is purely economic. In dairy
districts, milk production i the chief
business and calves are an incident,
valuable only to replenish the myjf'ing
stock or for such revenue as m;ty be ob
lainiJ h1!!. 1.1..' 1
the herd when rade or nati;
cows ,wei4 y"
used. If such
or dual-purpose bulls
have ' considerable ?yalue 'of-
his practice wotitd not W,i
however, unless there was
market for suchtoicteia, " ti I
be obseryedjibat2his pradtigt
..... . "i: . . i. : : J V
laies raising caivea oy nana, v.
milk substitutes, which adds id
pense, and calves fo fed are. not j
raised as where they follow the
til weaned Daturally. The la6or i
likewise important, as iiis syst
mands not only a considerable' I
of labor but "of sk!W alSb. Jb F
skilled farm labor is cheaper
the United States. " '"'. ; iJT
Another possible solution. r,
i 1 1 i . i - . -
leui wouiu ue -an mcraase' in ma
consumption in the United States.
consume aunually per cfepita fibo
of veal, which is 4 per ceht of 'our'
umai uuusumpuuu; me people OI Ufe
Britain eat 4 pounds of jyeU Pr capi
annually, which is 3 per cent 6 thej
annual per capita meatS6nktijr
We consume 6i pounds !pf."ruto L
lamb per capita, which j isjBout4 p
cent of our total, wherjeasAhe 'Britisik
people consume 26 pounds of mutton
and lamb per capita, which is 2$ per
cent of their annual Bueat consumn-
tion. . " , I ' v"
An increase in our mijitton consumn
tion at the expense of tUe consumptf
of veal would, of course, tend to mall
calves less valuable as eal and woul
encourage a system of breeding whkl
would bring them into demand as stoc)5
ers. An increase in mibtton eonsumr-
tion would also encourage the farm?
raising of sheep, . and y this could lit
brought about on dairy farms without-.
affecting the economy; of management
from the dairy standpoint. A small
flock of sheep on a farm will increase
the productiveness of the farm,' keep
the farm dean of weeds' and add to
the family meat supply without entail
ing serious additional expense for feed, '
labor, or shelter. ; - .
The plans for Belgian colonization and
building a new railway have gone so far
as lobe laid before the Commercial Club
at Muskogee with & request for approval.
Kansas City Str. 1 v
Joints that ac;he, muscles that are
drawn of contracted should be treated
with BALLAEa-S SNOW LINIMENT.
It penetrates t the spot where it is
needed and relieves - suffering. Price
25c, 50c and $1.00 per bottle. Sold by
Oliver's Bed Gross Drug Store. advt
tainea ironi tueif sals as teal. : As the
average dairyman must keep the num
ter of his milkers at a maximum
economy demands that he relieve him
self of his surplus calves as soon ac pos
sible. As there is not ordinarily anv
market for such calves except for veal,
veal they become. The slaughter of
calves in districts which are not exclu
sively devoted to dairying probably has
as its governing factor a market near
by which pays more for calves as veal
than as stockers,
A comparison of English and Amer
ican methods in this respect sheds some
light on this problem. In England men
make a business f buying young calves
throughout the dairy districts to be
raised on milk substitutes and subse
qnently fattened for beef. In England
the dairy cows ara largely Shorthorns
whose calves are valuable for beef pro
duction. In the United States, on the
other hand, the cows of the dairy dis
tricts 'are principally of the strictly
dairy breeds (pure breds or grades) or
Datives with no breeding', and the calves
from such cows have, las a rule, little
vatfie as feeders for beef, but make
Fine Live Stock.
There was recently held at Winchester,
Tenn., a sale of registered Holstein cat
tle under the ausrJices of the Franklin
County Creamery Association at which .
two car loads of line breeding animals .
were disposed of,' the highest price paid
being $310. ' There were forty five fine
animals placed in the section lying be
tween Nashville, Sparta and Lewisburg
as a result of this sale.
In this work of promoting the live
stock industry in this territory, and
along the territory embraced by its en-
tire system, the Nashville, Chattanooga
& St. Louis Railway is lending its hearty
co-operation through its live stock and
agricultural depat-tment, and as a result
of its work in this direction more than
2,000 head of pure-bred animals have
been placed in counties where, prior to .
such sales, practically no such animals
were to be found. . ' "
The widespread interest'ereated among
the varjous 'county live stock associa- '
tionsf, breeders and farmers, have caused
several big' breeders to co-operate in
these sales and next spring several such,
sales will be held at various points and
such organizations as the Holstein- '
Freisian Association of America, the
American Hereford Cattle Breeders' As
sociation, ; the American Short Horn
Breeders' Association and the American
Aberdeen Angus Association will.con-
tribute. The railroad offers reduced
freight charges on such cattle and re- '
duced rates to the farmers and cattle
men attending these sales, and as a re-' ',
suit the live stock interests have been
greatly stimulated. . ' - ,"
A good remedy for a bad cough is t
BALLARD'S HOREifOUND SYRUP, f
It-heals the lungs and quiets irrita-
tion. " Price 25c, 50c, : and $1.00 per
botUe: Sold by Oliver's Red Cross
Drug Store. , ,advt
Contracts for supplies amounting to v
$300,000,000 have been placed with the
United States by the belligerents, ac- "
cording to Charles M. Schwab, no re- V
turned from Europe, v "Good times are,1'
upon us," he declared. ,
Vnder the reorganization plan of the
. B. Claflin Company a corporation
was chartered to take over the affairs of
the compaoy and its affiliated stores.
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