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nessee. as secod-class " matter, ;, Marshall &'Ihird, City- Tcn- FRIDAY, JANUARY 8, 1915. Announcements. 4 For Trustee. trKSON -Wears authorised to amiounce W. J a Ellis') Jackson a candidate for Trustee of 5." -i., tv subject to the action of the SSSScrSlccUou nrst Thursday in August, 1916.. ' s Needed in Tennessee. , An editorial- from the Memphis Com mercial Appeal in this week's paper drives with some mighty jgood sound sense at the things that are.needed to be done by the Legislature and by the peo ple of Tennessee. The State debt, the schools and the fee system, as well as other things, should have due attention. There is no fustian about this matter. The old machine needs overhauling from stem to stern, aud some of the parts need' renewing altogether. We have out grown our constitution. .We need new pants. Our knee breeches have been worn too long. And these pants need tobe made good and strong from some thing like corduroy material. There should not be too much sentiment about it'either. Many a good question has been carried on the crest of enthusiasm fimvnrimts much too far. The till uw.....'" school question was boomed aud boosted unfil it exceeded the speed limit, and the grafters began to operate. We have some time ago become reconciled to the division of the State normal school for for each erand division of r viju""-1! the State. It was not necessary and incurred an extra expense to the State without an equivalent advantage. But to add a rider to the act providing free tuition in the common school branches to children from other counties was totally unnecessary ami uncalled for. That the State in going to the expense of providing tuition and quarters for children outside of their own counties moves the State normals over into the pork barrel class as far as the points at which they are located are concerned. This is a mistake and the Legislature should fcorrect it. Every penny that is Dot needed strictly for teachers' courses should revert back to the counties where it belongs. No money should be allowed whatever for your children and ours to attend the normal schools except for those who are taking a course in the teachers' branches, which cannot be had in the grammar and high schools at home. The branches that are taught at home should not be given free In the State normal schools. It is an extra expense unscrupulous politicians and pork barrel lobbyists have saddled upon Tennessee and should be repealed. - Our Superintendent. C. L. Ridings was re-elected last Mon ,day Superintendent of Public Instruc tion for Obion County, beiug indorsed by the County Court for the fourth term in that high office. Mr. Ridings has filled the office every day and hour he has been in it with exceptional ability and he has worked hard against ob stacles to achieve results. Success has crowned his efforts in the grade and efficiency of the schools, but opposition to the progressive spirit has retarded fcirn some. He wants the consolidated graded schools aud the high schools. He has been unceasing in his efforts along these lines, and it must be a splendid commentary upon his person ality and qualifications that he was elected in spite of a reactionary spirit. The day has come when good graded scltools are demanded by the literary, ( the commercial and industrial world the civilization of the twentieth cen tury. The high school is also in de mand. The avenues of life are calling for young men and women who are prepared, 'and the old imperfect system will not meet this demand. Mr. Rid ings wants Obion County to take a bet ter stand for graded schools. He is ambitious in this desire and his ambi tion deserves the moral and substantial support of every citizen of the county. We should car more for the prepara tion of our children for life than a dowry of land or money. Train the mind of your son or daughter, and if there is any metal in them they will show it; but if left in idle luxury the consequences are almost invariably fail ure to measure up to the needs of the . ff-too often to a life of disgrace. Hold up the hands of your County rwrintendent and your teachers, xuey may be a little mistaken sometimes, but in tlia main thev will be right in their efforts to establish and standardize our public school system. . Rainess conditions are reassuring r. a rpnort bv the United States Chamber of Commerce. Our State Legislatures. fieTPtyiessee and Alabama Legisla tures open to-morrow and the Arkansas Legislature next week. ' YVhetlmr it is ' to be.' the same old crowd of lawmakers working the State and the same old crowd of politicians working the lawmakers remains to bo seen. , Legislators have been fooling the peo ple for a long- time, " They promise re form in the summer and forget it in the winter. , Preliminary to the Tennessee Legis fature the politicians have gathered in Nashville. They are not concerned in constructive legislation so far as any one has heard. , . Their business is to pull for offices for friends aud to put in a lick that will strengthep their machine. As long as we have political govern ment we must have politicians. Their degree of usefulness is measured by their intelligence, capacity, selfishness or unselfishness. The Legislatures of most of the South ern States would have long ago ruined them except for the increase of pros perity that has come to the people from a fast developing country. The State Legislatures in this section are chiefly conspicuous for their inef-j ficiency in managing the business affairs of their States. They are quick to un dertake debts, but forgetful of the pay day. The C4overnors of Alabama, Arkan sas, Mississippi and Tennessee are con cerned in securing money to pay float ing debts. Now and then they are compelled to go to New York to ar range for renewal of bonds, which work the Legislature has neglected. In Tennessee this year there is splen did opportunity for constructive work. The debt of the State should be ad justed and settled. The convict lease system should be abolished and the convicts should be utilized for road building. The fee system should be thoroughly overhauled. In the counties of Shelby, Madison, Montgomery, Davidson, Hamilton and Knox the enormous amount paid to fee officers should be turned back to the taxpayers and the officials should be placed on salaries. The excess of fees officials in Shelby County receive over what they are worth is approximately $150,000 a year. This amount of money put in schools and buildings would be of some use. The normal schools of Tennessee re quire larger accommodations. These normal schools are doing a blessed work. They afford opportunity at a minimum cost to young men and women to equip themselves thoroughly for the business of teaching. If the West Tennessee Normal School had another large dormitory it could accommodate 1,000 pupils. Its present caoacitv is about 450. The University of Tennessee ..should ho onlnroerl in all its branches. Given adequate support, the university's facil ities are such that no young man or woman born in Tennessee need go be yond this State to secure a thorough education in law, medicine, pharmacy, engineering, the humanities or agricul Tho nnii-prsitv'a aencultural depart ment should be extended so that it3 ar-tivitips could eo into the remotest tiamlpt-. In order to educate the people of Tnnw into better farming methods we have got to take the education to the door of the small farmer and the tenant. , The State should provide for a lab oratory where the serums for cattle, hogs and horses could be manufactured n nil t ry.m rl.f.rppnfirt3 could eo through the State and teach the people how to use tbem. Pr.mnlaint has been made and justly so against some of the output of the present plant. Passing from agriculture to living, the State board of health ought to be o.onfm-wrl. and it should be encour aged to co-operate with the teaching corps of the state in poinung me way tn UoHor nrimltlVP WOrK. The State board ol education snouiu l,n sn rpo-nlated that no partisan politics 1,1 ha nnwiilprp.(l ill itS WOrk. Arkansas. Tennessee and Alabama learned a severe lesson during the year 1914. All of these States have been exploit o,i h tVioir nnliticians for many years The real things of importance were neglected. red fourteen caught .u ,,oior nnrtinn of these States on a one-crop basis. Had their Legislatures and leaders displayed the activity and the intelligence ot tnat oi vYiscoua.u ir.n.oinrTnn. means would long ago have been afforded the people through education to so arrange iueu of liwintr that thev would have bad an income from a multiplicity of sources instead of a bare living irom The United States Government sent a commission to Europe two or three years ago to investigate land banks and agricultural loans. Tk rooaaura witu nna preatlv favored hv President Wilson. The reserve-bank bill crowded it to the rear. hp Ippislators of of the'udi tQviwj tJand,banJs i . .1. ... :il ..l.t l,r. uionl. scueme mm win cuauio luou i.v c... . to own land to buy it and pay for it, not in three years, but in 15 years. ot rifionlH in Southern cit ies have built their homes through build ing and lan associations, ine rate oi interest is high, but at the enu oue owns his own. The huilding and loan association does a good work, iuere is nothing of this sort for the tenant farmer. . - nna nf the tragedies of some of the Southern States is that the number of people who work land and do not own it is constantly increasing. - - Ownership of land does much toward making a sturdy, strong aud buoyant people. Tenantry makes for thriftless pess, and loss of hope, . tu npnnlp of Franco and Germany . ii u tr- - to-day are sustaining a tremendous war against eacn otner. ine area oi mu country is not as large as Texas, but the people who work the land own it. The landholding classes are contribut ing the sinews of this war, both in men and money. Their tracts are small, but they are so thrifty that they are stronger finan cially than the 100,000,000 people of the United Sfates. The lawmaker cannot legislate pros perity, but the lawmaker can remove many of the obstacles that are against prosperity, and they can so legislate ,w.,t nilpr trip laws the peonfe may moro easily work out the problem of healthy and moral living. Memphis Commercial Appeal. :::q::::::::: :::::::' HAVE YOJU. TRIED o . ERS EY CREAM: FLOUR AsK Your Grocer for it NONE BETTER t a !CvSSi- p. County Government. In the current number of Farm and Hsrbprt Quick makes some pungent remarks on the question of county government. In beginning his article Mr. Quick puts the pertinent question: "How's your couuty govern ment?" He then proceeds to say: "I have never yet seen an American citizen who was proud of his county government. If there is a county gov ernment in the United States of which its citizens are proud I should like to hear from that county. I should like a photograph of the county officers who are responsible for such exceptional and blessed conditions. "I don't say .that there is no such thiug, but I do say that I have never found it, and 1 have been a stuuent oi the question for many years." Mr. Quick cites some investigations of county fiscal affairs in which woeful conditions of negligence and graft were discovered. He is sure that similar con ditions exist in many other counties. He quotes Bailey B. Burritt,- general agent for the New York Society for Improving the Condition of the Poor, as saying: "I am more or less opti mistic about county government, but my optimism grows out of -the fact that at the present time it is about as bad as it can be, and any change will be for the better." The voters in the comities, Mr. Quick says, are not dishonest and the average officials are not fools or grafters. They are merely trying to govern without the proper tools of government. If you make the conditions favorable for bur dock, burdock will spring up; if you make the conditions favorable for thiev- erv and favoritism, these things will . . . . x . . . . , spring up." Mr. Quick reiers to goou results that have been secured in cities whpre the commission form of govern ment has been adopted. In closing his artice he writes: Qahnke-Walker filing Co. " fa Ask us for prices when selling your grain, g CHARLES WARD UPHOLSTERER High-Class, work in Furniture v Repairing and Rehnishing. First-Glass Work Guaranteed. Prompt Service. Leather Work a Specialty Box Couches Made to Order. Concrete Block, Church Street; fire-door west of Metcalfe 8 Laundry Telephone 438. $1 Pays for the Commercial 1 Year E. P. GRISSOM THE. OLD RELIABLE GROCER -TWO GOOD LINES- Golden Gate Teas and Coffees Chase & Sanborn's Teas and Coffees THE VERY BEST THE WORLD AFFORDS FRESH MEAT MARKET THE- BEST Meat, Flour, Sugar, Coffee Everything:! All handled in an up-to-date, sanitary manner. No order too large. No order too small. ' E. P. GRLSvSOM TAKE LIVrVER-LAX AND FEEL WELL, Don't suffer from the ill effects of an inactive liver, such as headache, indi gestion, constipation, lack of energy and low spirits, when for a little money you can get a remedy of proved merit. GKIGSBY O JjlV-ViiXv-l-iAA. Will get your liver right and let you enjoy bet ter health and brighter spirits. LIV- VER-LAX acts naturally ana enecuve ly.' Has none of the dangers and bad "after effects of calomel. . Sold under an absolute money refund guarantee at 50c and $1 a bottle. Each bottle is protect-. ed by tne iifeeness oi li. jv. ungsuy. For , sale by Oliver's Kod Cross Drug Store. v advt Stockholders Meeting. , f ho annual mefitinff of the share holders of the Farmers Exchange Bank of Union Uty,. Tetin., win do neiu iu tha Konir hnildin? at 3 o'clock n. m. on Thursday, Jan. 14, 1915, for the pur pose of electing a presiaent, casnier auu directors for the ensuing year. It is requested that every stocKnoiuer will be present in person, or by proxy. E. E. White, Cashier. 38tf Harris Parks, President. J. C. BURDICK Wholesale and Retail Reelfoot Lake and Mississippi River . Fish Game Oysters in Season. New location, East Main Street Phone 185. UNION CITY, TEJNJN Phones 204-230 Washington Ave. ,ln my opinion we shall never get tno nnrth nf our road funds, our poor funds, our bridge funds, our general fundaor any of cur funds, nor shall we geTthe kind of government of which we shall have reason to be proud, until we adopt something like the commission form of government lor counties. "Anrl tins v. How's vour COliniy kuv- ornmontV A rfi VOI1 DrOud Of It.' 13 it efficient? Is it honest? And if not, what's the remedy, if I have not sug gested the remedy?" Several counties iu Kentucky have voted to adopt the commission form of government. They have done this with the firm conviction that they cannot possibly damage themselves in the tran saction. In other words they feel, like the New York man quoted by Mr. Quick, that county government is about as bad as it can be, and .any change will be for the better." The people do not pay enough atten tion to the question of county govern ment. Once in a long while they be come wrought up bout something and make their wishes known with empna- sis. For the rest of the time "what is everybody's business is nobody's bus ness" and the county governs itself with whatever assistance it receives frqm officials who, too often, are indif ferent, incompetent or more interested in personal pickings than in the public eood. The people get the sort of county government they permit. They not in freauently make bad selections in choos ing their officials; but they make a worse mistake i not holding, their officials to a stricter accountability. This is not easy to do under the exist ing system. It ought to be more fea sible under the commission plan. Louisville Courier-Journal. Good Job Printing a Specialty Here EAT OUR 10THER: IT'S GOOD i MADE BY BaSinlie's Cafe CALL YOUR GROCER OR Phone 109 i i in in j 1 1 mi BREAD" I in i i j' MILLING HOSPITAL A Modern Surgical Institution Graduate nures in attendance. Rates reasonable. Dr. W. A. Naming, Surgeon Mrs. L. E. Rodecker, Supt. Phone 41. UNION CITY. TENN. DR. JAKE H. PARK DENTIST Office: Room 1, Nailling Building TELEPHONE 136 UNION. CITY. TENNESSEE Y0UNGBL00D VS7 YCUNGBLCOD & IfOUNGBLOOD GRADUATE VETERINARIANS All calls answered day or night. Location Office and Hospital opposite Hou se, tiuim.1 , Telephones Office 428; Residence 207 Union City, Tenn. NN31 'AID NOINfl JSaiprma Satm& ! mooH :9ogjo XD31IHDW tfOTAVl d H N.,C.&St.L Ry. u r A I VlMF TARI F. Iave Union City. . EAST BOUND No. 5.-7.45 a.m. No. 3 S.05 p.nv No. 93y.&o p.m. WEST BOUND- No. 62 6.47a.m. No. 4 12.50 p.m. No. 927.10 p.m.