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The commercial. (Union City, Tenn.) 190?-193?, January 15, 1915, Image 1

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Over' White Si Burchard't Drug
' '.- Store, Union City, Tenn. v -
Telephone! ,
Office i 44-2, Residence 1 44-3
Over White & Burchard' Drug
Store, Union Qty, Tenn.
Telelphonee . "'
Office 144-2; Residence 144-3
Onion City Commercial, estaWished 1890 r ... e.,.K. , ,4Q.
West Tennessee Courier, established 1897 I Consolidated September 1. 197
VOL. 23, NO. 42,V
t AACW WMf'y
Peter Cooper, who when yet alive, gave $630,000 to found
Cooper Union in New York City, earned only $25 a year for
the first two years he was in that city. He was an apprentice to
a coachmaker. He saved $20 the first two years and put it in
the bank. , .
Union City, Tennessee
Grain Co.
Wholesale and Retail
Grain, Hay and Field Seeds
Alsike, Alfalfa, Red Top, Timothy,
Blue Grass, Orchard Grass
and all kinds of Field Seed
Corn Chops, Bran, Oats, Cotton Seed
Meal and Hulls
and all kinds of Feed.
Union City, Tenn
Telephone No. 31
Meal: and fly lis
Very close prices on Meal and Hulls, both in car
lots and in retail lots. Have the highest protein
made in meal, and best feeding value in hulls.
Will make local shipment to any point party de
sires. You can buy your Meal and Hulls at mill
seed or in bale.
BUYERS, both in
Office Phone 346. Residence Phone 514
F. L. PITTMAN, Manager Union City, Tenn,
Installation of New Plant in Union
City Nearing Completion.
The Cumberland Telephone and Tele
graph Company, which has been con
ducting the work of converting its plant
in Union City, from the magneto, or
the old-stye service, into the flashlight
system, for several months, is now near
ing the completion of that work. The
new system will djspense with the bells
in calling altogether. There will be no
ringing in order to get your call. The
receiver, or ear phone, will simply be
lifted from the hook, and the action
caused by the removal of the receiver
produces a flash of light immediately
over your number at central, who will
plug out youi light and call the number
.Before we enter further into the op
eration of ths new system, will state that
a representative of the paper visited the
new plant this week. We were very
courteously received and conducted
through by J.Ir. O. T. Pickard, who, by
the way, has been an exceedingly valu
able addition to the citizenship and busi
ness interests of Union City. Mr.
Pickard is District Manager with head
quarters in Union City, and is person
ally conducting the contract in Union
City, which involves a complete trans
formation of the system and an outlay
of approximately $35,000.
It is very pertinent here to remark
that a realization of the extent aud im
portance of these changes was brought
home to us in 'a very forcibly way.
When Mr. Meninger was here and he
and other representatives of the com
pany, with Mr. Pickard, stated to the
local committee that the changes to the
new system would involve a large outlay
and an expenditure of about $35,000,
the report was received with a great deal
of misgivings. The committee, it might
as well be said, was dubious.
But when we wero shown over the
new plant with its extensive and in
numerable modern devices for pro
moting the efficiency of the service, the
intricacy and accuracy of every detail
and the perfection of the whole work, it
could be easily understood why the
change would be not only expensive but
require the very best skill and months
of time in which to accomplish it. It
must be remembered also, that the wir
ing and cables all over the city had to
be completely changed, the poles and
wires removed from the main business
thoroughfares altogether, and after the
office fixtures and plant have been prae
tically installed into place the changing
of the instruments in the homes and
business houses takes place. All this
with the buying and buildnigof new of'
fice quarters will undoubtedly incur an
expenditure of the amount not far from
the figures stated by the company as
their estimate of cost.
In the first place the office and ex
change quarters have been actually
doubled. The house on the corner was
formally the property of the company,
who enlarged its real estate holdings by
the purchase of the adjoining building.
These buildings have been converted in
to double apartments, one for the offices
of the company, with a rest room, lock
ers and adjuncts to the rear for the com
fort of the operatives. The apartment
to the west will be devoted exclusively
to th exchange and operating room.
All the new operating apparatus is now
being installed into this apartment, and
the contract for the work is in the hands
of the Western Electric Company, with
Mr. E. Arnold, a scientific electrician,
as manager of the installation.
The front office to the east will be for
the manager and his assistants with a
lobby for the patrons of the company
The front of the building has been re
built entirely, as can be seen from the
street, with pressed buff brick, and
ample window light, in very attractive
architecture. The offices will be sup
plied with the most substantial hard
wood booths and furniture. The rest
and cloak room to the rear will be sup
plied with literature for the use of
employees and operatives exclusively.
From Depot street an entrance will be
made for the operatives and the apart
ments will be connected with an arch
door near the center, through which
the operating room can be reached. It
will all be conveniently and comfortably
arranged, for the operatives as well as
the other employees, with ample light
and ventilation. The skylights will be
ventilated and vents through the roof
made for additional ventilation.
It will be one of the most complete
plants to be found in any city and
Union City will be furnished with the
latest and best telephone service in the
When all these things are taken into
consideration there can be very little
objection to the schedule of rentals and
the chauge of operation. The rentals
are actually lower with the new service
when the duplex system is used, and
that is an inducement which cannot be
overlooked, especially by those who are
not able to take advantage of the desk
service and higher rentals.
The exchange consists of three sec
tions of switchboard for local subscrib
ers, two sections for rural subscribers
and three for long distance. In addi
tion to the switchboard there are two
sets of storage batteries of eleven cells
each, a mercury arc rectifier for charg
ing the batteries and all the necessary
frames, racks, lightning arresters and
line testing apparatus.
The principal frame is the main dis
tributing frame, which is used to con
nect any subscriber to any number to
which he is assigned. The subscribers'
lines all terminate at this frame perma
nently after going through the light
ning arresters. At another point on
this frame all the lines from the switch
board terminate permanently. The
frame is so constructed that a "jumper
wire" can be run in to connect the sub
scriber to his number. In case a num
ber is to be changed it is only necessary
to run in a new jumper.
After the incoming lines leave the
main distributing frame they run
through cables to the switchboard,
twenty lines to each cable. After each
line has looped through the board in
front of each operator they run to the
in tor mediate distributing frame. On
the opposite side of the frame are locat
ed the lines to the answering jacks.
They also are in order of their num
bers. The answering jacks are similar
to the multiplo jacks which are previ
ously described except that there is only
one to each subscriber and each is pro
vided with a removable number plate
aud each has a small electric light un
derneath. This light illuminates when
a subscriber removes his receiver from
tij hook. Each operator has approx
imately 200 lines to answer, but as she
sits close to the next operator she can
reach over into the next section and
help out if it becomes necessary.
When a subscriber removes his re
ceiver from the hook a light appears in
front of the operator just below his an
swering fack. The operator immedi
ately inserts a cord in the jack, and the
light goes out. She then throws the
listening key corresponding to that
cord. This enables her to converse
with the subscriber and ask what num
ber he wants. She then takes the mate
to the cord on which he is talking and
with it makes the busy test, that is
merely to touch the tip of the cord to
the metal sleeve of the multiple jack
which bears the number with which he
wishes to talk. If the line is busy the
operator will hear a sharp click in her
receiver. This is also audible to the
subscriber. The subscriber must call
again. If the I.ne is not busy the op
erator will insert the cord into the jack
and operate the ringing key, thus ring
ing the other party. The supervisory
lamp oo this cord will light when the
cord is inserted in the jack and remain
lighted until the subscriber answers, so
it is not necessary for the operator to
listen in on the line iiiitil the party an
swers. When the conversation is fin
ished and both parties hang up their
receivers two lights will appear before
the operator, thus indicating that both
parties are finished. She will then re
move the cords from the jacks without
listening on the line. As the removal
of a receiver from its hook will cause
the line lamp to light, it is important
that the receiver be kept on its hook at
all times when not in use. When a re
ceiver is left off accidentally the operator
reports it to the wire chief, who will
test the line with a volt meter to be sure
it is a receiver off and not other trouble.
If his tests show a receiver off he
will put "'howler" out on the line. This
will cause a loud noise in the subscrib
er's receiver, who should immediately
hang it up. As each operator has fif-
feen pairs of cords, she can connect
thirty subscribers at the same time.
The rural subscribers are handled in
much the same manner as the local ex
cept that their answering jacks are pro
vided with drops instead of lamps.
When the Dew system is in operation
the old phones will be removed and each
party provided with a small neat set
without batteries or crank as all the
power is furnished from the exchange
storage batteries. The matter of future
growth of the apparatus is provided for
many years to come.
The chief operator is with a desk in
which is mounted jacks connected to
each operator's transmitter so that she
may listen to what any operator is tell
ing a subscriber by cutting in on that
particular operator's position. This
enables her to properly supervise her
All cables entering the building are
covered with lead sheathing, also all
cables carrying toll lines within the
building are lead covered.
When two parties are talking they
are using about 585 feet of wire inside
the exchange and are talking through
42 soldered connections. Sixty-one more
soldered connections are used for con
trolling the supervision of the two par
ties talking.
Over 200,000 feet of wire, 300 feet of
iron conduit, over 130,000 soldered con
nections, 990 lamps, 2,400 jacks, 1,500
relays are used, and GOO pounds of acid
is used for the storage batteries. The
switchboard is of mahogany and all
framework of steel. Ninety square feet
of blue prints are used by the men in
stalling the exchange.
Lankford Trial Again.
Hickman, Ky., Jan. 10. The trial
of Bub Lankford, charged with the
murder of Allison Tyler here one year
ago, was called again at Wickliffe, the
last trial in August resulting in a hung
jury. In addition to the large number
of witnesses in the former trial, num
bering nearly 100, there have been a
number of additional persons sum
moned as witnesses to appear at the
trial. The hotels at Wickliffe being
unable to accommodate the large cum-
ner, private homes ot wickiiiie are
taking care of numbers of them, be
sides many stopping over at Cairo, 111.,
five miles away. The new witnesses
subpoenaed by the commonwealth are:
Mrs. J. O. West, Fred Hayden, Tom
Simpkins, W. T. -Pendleton, Oce Har
ris, Rev. K. M. Walker, Green Long
necker, R. R. Rogers and J. C. Ellison.
The State, by summoning additional
witnesses, evidently expects to develop
new testimony at this trial. This trial
has the interest of tho entire end of the
State, prominent lawyers being em
ployed on both sides.
Red Barns in Tennessee.
Many new barns are being built in
the rural districts of Tennessee.
Building material dealers in all sec
tions of the State report an unprece
dented demand for barn lumber and
red paint. Next to the home, the barn
is the most important building on the
farm, and wherever red barns exist
there frugality and prosperity abides
The rapid construction of new barns
in Tennessee is lifting the farming in
dustry of this State into a higher zone
of utility and is establishing a new era
in our industrial progress. No com
munity can proceed far into its agricul
tural economy until its stock are well
sheltered and its -crops are properly
Delay Has Bees Dangerous in Union
Do the right thing at the right time.
Act quickly in the time of danger.
In time of kidney danger Doan's Kid
ney Pills are most effective.
Plenty of Union City evidence of their
worth. ,
Mrs. E. . Duncan, Todd St., Union
City, says: "For years I was bothered
oy DacKacue ana pains through my
bladder. The kidney secretions were
too frequent in passage. Doan's Kid
ney Pills made me well." (Statement
given March 1, 1911.)
Mrs. Duncan said: "Colds sometimes
weaken my kidneys but I can rely on
Doan's Kidney Pills to relieve me. I
have as much confidence in this medi
cine now as when I recommended it
before." -
Price 50c, at all dealers. Don't sim
ply ask for a kidney remedy get Doan's
Kidney Pills the same that Mrs. Dun
can had. Foster-Milburn Co., Props.
Buffalo, N. Y. advt
President Wilson voiced what a
crowd of more than 4,000 people as
sembled at Indianapolis to hear hjs
Jackson day speech Interpreted as a
hint that he might be a candidate
for President In 1916. The people
leaped to their feet and cheered un-'
til the President himself called for
quiet. He arraigned the Republi
can party and deiended tne Demo
cratic Administration. Mr. Wilson
referred to himself as an "animated
conservative." '
Gen. Villa and Gen. Scott met on
the American side of the Interna
tional Bridge at El Paso to try to
find some means of ending the bor
der warfare at Naco. Gov. Mayto
rena also was present. No state
ment as to results was given out.
t In spite of the strenuous German
denials that Cardinal Mercier is be
ing held prisoner at Malines, the -correspondent
of a Dutch newspaper
says the Belgian prelate is under
arrest. 0
Senator James made a speech In
the Senate supporting the attack
made by Representative Johnson on
the "half and half" system of tax
ation in the District of Columbia.
Owing to the mounting price of
wheat an association of Chicago re
tail grocers and butchers Is about
to start a propaganda for an em
bargo on the export of that cereal.
The foot and mouth quarantine in
Southern and Western Kentucky
will be lifted next week, according
to information in Washington.
Governor-elect Frank B. Willis,
of Ohio, resigned from the House
and left for Columbus, where he
will take office Monday.
The Census Bureau in a letter
made public suggests that the Can
trill act providing for a tobacco
census be amplified.
The United States Mine Workers of
America have offered $200,000 for the
holdings of the Bache-Denman Coal
Company in the Hartford Valley of
Arkansas and the deal probably will be
closed within a few days.
F. H. Callahan, of Louisville, was
namod chairman of a commission of
the Knights of Columbus to investi
gate a movement declared to be in prog
ress among anti-Catholic publications
and societies to drive Catholics out of
public life.
Administration leaders are growing
more apprehensive about the legislative
program outlined by the President, and
they enter upon this week with firm
determination to make all the progress
No evidence of restraint of trade by
the American "Beef Trust" in Aus
tralia was adduced by the recent three
months' Federal inquiry, according to
the report of the Royal Commissioner,
Justice Street.
A ceremonial pageant representing
the return of Andrew Jackson and his
troops from Chalmette 100 years ago
was given in New Orleans.
Marshall r. Wilder; author and hu
morist, died at a hotel in St. Paul of
heart disease, complicated by a slight
attack of pneumonia.
Stop the leaks in your roof with Lum-
Cement. Sold by the Union City Roof
ber Co. Stops leak on any kind of
Cotton Goods.
Chattanooga, Tenn., January 8.
Great opportunities for expansion of the
cotton goods trade with the South
American countries are open now that
the European mills have been curtailed
and a number of Southern cotton mills
are taking active steps to capture a gen
erous share of this trade, declares John
Lyon Chandler, South American Agent
of Southern Railway, who calls attention
to the following interesting figures:
Of the $14,000 of cotton goods im
ported by Chile in 1912, only $770,000
came from this country. Germany,
whose trade is now cut off, supplied
$3,400,000, and Great Britain the rest.
In the same year, Argentina bought
$35,700,000 of which $5,527,000 came
from Germany, over $17,000,000 from"
England and only $445,300 from this
j . vi vuo f io,uuu,uw oi cotton
goods imported by Brazil, $3,800,000
came from Germany, $11,000,000 frn
England, aDd only $329,000 from this
country. Figuresjqgard to woolen ,
goods and cutleff mtS the South Ameri
can countries show similar opportunity.
Call 150 and get your coal and wood.
Union City Ice & Coal Co.

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