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DR. E. M. LONG
DENTIST Over White & Burchard'a Drug Store, Union Gty, Tenn. Telelphonee Office 144-2; .Residence 144-3 DR. E. M. LONG DENTIST Over White & Burckard'a Drug Store, Union City, Tenn, Telephones Office 14472. Residence 144-3 OMMERGIAL TTnlnn fMtv t?omn.fl&l. established 1890 I - . i ' . UNION CITY, TENN, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 12, 1915. VOL. 23, NO. 46. ; . , ... , i 0a i wwauuuam ocihcoiuh i( 7f West Tennessee Courier, established 1897 1 , G I III Ctierry Moss Grsiigi Co. Wholesale and Retail Grain, Hay and Field Seeds CLOVER Alsike, Alfalfa, Red Top, Timothy, Blue Grass, Orchard Grass and all kinds of Field Seed HAY AND CORN Corn Chops, Bran, Oats. Cotton Seed Meal and Hulls and all kinds of Feed. Union City, Tenn. 1 Telephone No. 3 sZ O How easy it is to spoil a beautiful complexion! How easy it is to restore a faded one if you only use our beautifiersl The safe and sane thing to do is to preserve the good com plexion you already have with our beautifiers. Our experi ence and advice is at your service free, any time ypu come in. HENDERSON'S Teone We give you what you ask for. R0USIN6 HARD ROADS: MEETING AT COURTHOUSE NOW IS THE TIME TO BUY Clover, Red Top Timothy, and Other Field Seed We Carry the Best the market affords. PRICES RIGHT. TERMS CASH. We have a full line of Buggies, Wagons Farming Implements The Celebrated Deering Disc Harrows, Bind ers, Mowers, and Rakes; I. H. C. Engines and Mills. It will pay you to see us before you buy. Tisdale & Jackson Deering Building Thirteenth District Unanimous for Genuine Hard Roads. A rousing bard roads meeting was held at the courthouse last Monday pur suant to a call made by Ed. McAlister, road commissioner of the Thirteenth Civil District of Obion County, and two very strong points were brought out to show that this statement is a fact. The first was that leading citizens of the dis trict are in favor of taxation for the construction of bard roads, whether that be in the form of a bond issue or otherwise, and the next was that there shall be no compromise on a genuine hard road system. Oil roads were sug' gested as a substitute, but little senti ment developed along that line, the unanimous opinion being that some standard system of hard road con struction should be adopted. 8. K. Bratton was called to the chair and J. M. Brice and E. H. Marshall were selected as secretaries. - Quite a number of the leading citi zens addressed the meeting and there was not a dissenting voice upon the main issue of hard roads and the man ner of providing ways and means for them. W. G. Reynolds, one of the leading authorities on good roads in this county, was in favor of the taxing district plan. He believed that the Thirteenth Dis trict could be formed into a road tax ing district; either that or some par ticular line of road, upon the consent of the citizens along the line, could be made a taxing district and empowered by the Legislature to act independently and tax its citizens for hard roads. This could be done by taxation direct or a bond issue, subject to the ratification of the voters resident in this district. Esq. W. C. Morris spoke in favor of a system of hard roads and the most feasible proposition for the construction of these roads. He believed the peo pie were abundantly able to pay for a system of macadam roads in this dis trict and the demand for them is gen eral. Dr. T. E. Marshall spoke in favor of hard roads. He was willing that bis land should be taxed for hard roads to extend from Union City as far as pos sible in the county and the best plan to build them. He wanted genuine, hard roads and no substitute. Dorrell Harris proposed the building of a sample road in Number Thirteen, but this brought a response that we had numbers of samples and wanted the real thine. In other words we are ready to build roads when the proper plans are submitted. Mr. Rob Lockert made the query first: Do we want good roads, and then how shall we build and pay for them? This brought the response that we do, and are' ready to devise ways and means for construction. Mr. O. Spradlin, one of our land own ers, spoke in favor of a hard roads sys tem for the district, and was even will ing to assist other districts in the county in the organization of road taxing dis tricts. He stated that he was wining that bis land should be taxed as much as four dollars an acre, if necessary, for a system of good bard roads, and then he thought it would be a profitable in vestment. He was in favor of any feasible and practical plan. Henry P. Moss, one of our well known farmers, was willing to give a good slice of his farm for good roads. He certainly felt that they are needed because just now he couldn't get to his farm. In road construction a large per cent of the cost would be spent here at home. Mr. Geo. Dahnke, of the Dabnke- Walker Milling Co., land owner and a farmer, stated that there was not a year that farmers couia not pay as much as five dollars an acre to trans fer their grain and other products to market at the right season instead of dumping it all on the market at one time. Mr. Dahnke holds to the logic, and it is mighty good too, that there is not money enough in the country to move all the grain at one time, or in a few weeks time, and therefore farmers need good roads to serve them at a time when the market is good. Mr. Jake Caldwell said that he had often repeated bis opinion that good roads could never be made of our dirt and that everybody had now come to the same conclusion. He was for build ing hard roads all over the district by taxation. At this point R. F. Tisdale offered a resolution and it was seconded by J. M. Brice as follows: Be it Resolved by this meeting com posed of citizens of Union City and the Thirteenth Civil District of Obion County, That we are unqualifiedly in favor of taking immediate steps toward building hard roads in the Thirteenth Civil District by bond issue or tax ation and that a suitable committee be appointed to frame a bill to be passed by the present Legislature looking to that end. The chair, Mr. Bratton, arose and said of the man who opposed the plan of taxation for hard roads that he had a right to his opinion, but that he should sell out and move to the coun try where there existed no bard roads improvements. Mr. Bratton said be made the first King drag in Obion County and that he had used it for a number of years and the county had made no progress in road building under that system. Something like twenty dollars a mile a year bad been spent in the operation of making dirt roads with the drag and we hadn'i got them yet. Mr. Bratton favored any kind of approved hard roads, and the most feasible way of building them. He was a home man strictly and believed in doing business at home; therefore he favored good roads. He never bought a dollar's worth from a mail order house and never expected to. Union City is the best town on earth, and he was in favor of a taxing district for hard roads. He would like to see the corporation lines of Union City abolished and the Thir teenth Civil District organized with a commission of three men, the schools consolidated and the interests of the district put into the hands of these commissioners for management. But he did not expect to see that done. Mr. Selmo Harris said that the only feasible plan for hard roads is the tax ing district plan, for each civil district to organize independently and build its own roads by taxation. Mr. Rratton said that be bad estimat ed about thirty-five miles of main roads in the Thirteenth Civil District which should be included in the proposed plan of bard roads improvements and that the rate on the hundred dollars would be about fifteen cents for this purpose. Mr. Coble had figured that the tax rate would not be over twenty cents on the hundred for hard roads purposes under the bond system. Mr. Spradlin offered a motion that a committee be appointed to investigate and compute the cost of construction and tax rate under the different classes of roads, to figure the tax on a bond issue of $100,000 or more. The com mittee appointed by the chair is as fol lows: Jake Caldwell, Ed McAlister, W. C. Kelly. Another committee by motion was appointed by the chair to investigate the different classes of roads and the cost of same as follows: W. M. Warterfield. Dr. T. E. Mar shall, H. P. Moss, Wade Wiley, J. M Brice. Mayor T. R. Reynolds suggested that the above committee should investigate and examine the different classes of roads thoroughly before making its re port, and before the adoption of any system the question should be taken up at some length. During the discussion of the various classes of roads, Mr. Bratton and others having expressed a willingness to adopt either hard or oil roads, according to the decision of the committee appoint ed for that purpose, Mr. Henry Head arose and stated that in Texas be had seen the oil roads tried and that they had failed. They were tried around Sherman where his father, Judge Head, resides, and they did not stand. Oil roads could be used on bills or eleva tions that are never covered with water, but that the oil roads on lowlands are washed away by freshets and overflows. The oil preparation is carried away by the water, and he spoke of roads where the oil is mixed into the dirt to the depth of several inches. Mr. Tisdale then spoke in opposition to oil roads and the general conclusion was that we should not waste time figur ing on oil roads, but give our attention altogether to bard roads. Mr. Henry Moss stated that it was time enough to decide on the class of roads when the Legislature had given us authority to organize and submit the question to the people or voters of the district. Mr. Jake Caldwell spoke of the pres ent condition of the roads here and of the neighborhood gravel road built near his place some years ago, and that just now this was the only part of the road on which a horse could strike a trot. This road was built under no special system, but just graveled and some eight years afterward covered with an other coat of gravel. This was evi dence of the stability of gravel roads. J. M. Brice spoke of the record in population made by an old county in North Carolina under a system of hard roads improvements, which was one hundred percentage or more over the old system. Mr. Sam Wade called attention to the gravel streets in Union City, saying that before these roads were built Geo. Dahnke could not deliver a ton of coal with a team of four horses. He can now deliver two tons at a load with two horses. He said that what could be done in Union City could be done in Number Thirteen. At the conclusion of the meeting, at Mr. Bratton's suggestion, motion was made and carried unanimously that the meeting indorse W. G. Reynolds for appointment at the hands of the Gov ernor as road commissioner for West Tennessee. This appointment will come under the new road law, whereby three commissioners, one for each grand di vision of the State, are to be appointed. The meeting adjourned until Friday, Feb. 12, at 1 o'clock p. m. Drove Out Germans. London, Feb. 7. A graphic descrip tion of trench warfare on the western front is given by the British "eye wit ness" in a narrative of Monday's Ger man attacks and British counter at tacks. He says: "The Germans again attacked south of La Bassee Canal, but not in such strength as on previous occasions. The fighting began early with a successful assault on a small trench close to the canal. Two counter attacks failed to regain for us the ground lost. "When daylight came, however, our artillery opened such an accurate fire on the enemy that their position be came untenable. A stronger counter attack then was delivered and our men not only drove the Germans from the trench, but seized another post on the enemy's side of it on an embankment of the canal. There was a succession of German posts on this embankment and we now bad established ourselves in one of them. "Our supports then came up and passing through our firing line holding the first of the enemy's posts, rushed onto the second, driving out the garri son at the point of the bayonet. Our men then took one of the enemy's trenches to the south. Along this they fought, throwing hand grenades until they had dislodged the Germans for a Considerable length. During this action we captured 14 prisoners with many wounded and two machine guns. Our losses were not severe. The enemy suf fered heavily, especially from our ar tillery fire." Speaking of three "singularly gallant but unsuccessful" attacks on the French south of the Bethune road, the "eye witness" says: "The Germans reached the French trenches and there literally were almost wiped out, 75 bodies being counted in front of the defenders' line. It was re ported that not more than two or three of them escaped." He continues: "The enemy's losses in the La Bas see area appear to have been heavy. The reason for their activity along the canal was that they suffered severely from an infilading fire by one of our machine guns from a post they attacked. In two days one of their companies had lost 30 men from shell fire alone." Giving some instances of the force of modern explosives, the "eye witness" says a mine the Germans fired under a British trench hurled a piece of rail weighing 25 pounds a distance of a mile, while the detonation of one of the British lyddite shells threw a Ger man soldier acre:i the railway and canal. The 5-cent rate applies once more to German mail due to the war, according to the announcement by Postmaster Burleson. GERMAN NAVY'S DUTY IS . TO PROTECT THE COAST Admiral Yon Koester to British: Inaction. Berlin, via London, Feb. 7. Grand Admiral Von Koester, presi dent of the German Navy League, in an address at Kiel University to-day discussed conditions governing the part to be played by the German navy in the war. He declared the relative strength of the German fleet compared to the Anglo-French-Russian fleet is perhaps one to four. The British, he added, perhaps estimated German lust for battle so highly that they had said to themselves: "Some day they will come and we shall be able to assume battle in a situation favorable to us." Another possibility, Admiral Von Koester stated, was that the British have a higher regard for the German fleet than Nelson had for the French or the Spanish. That the offensive spirit of the Germans is greater than the British, the Admiral continued, can justly be assumed when one re calls that the Germans took an of fensive against England's east coast, whereas the English have not dared to approach the German coast. "We are full of the firmest confi dence in our fleet," said Admiral Von Koester, hut we know that a sea battle means death or victory and that a destroyed fleet cannot be replaced in the course of the war, even if it lasts for years. We, there fore, must be cautious and allow ourselves to be incited to no deed which might eventuate in our de feat. SPIRIT OF NELSON DEAD. "For what would be the situation if a sea battle took place to-morrow in which each one of our ships took a hostile ship to the bottom with it, and perhaps some others? We would be without a fleet and Eng land could proceed gradually in its attacks against our coasts. And you can be sure after the conduct of England in our colonies that no city would be spared. Our coast from Emden to Memel would be most se verely threatened. Landing at tempts, if they were sufficiently well prepared, could succeed at places most uncomfortably for us. "Our fleet must protect us under all conditions and may accept battle only when it can reckon on victory." Admiral Von Koester declared the course of the naval war up to the present had caused him great sur prise. He added that the British Secretary of State for the navy seven years ago declared that Ger many would wake up some morning and find her fleet gone. He also re called the utterances of Winston Churchill, first lord of the British admirality, in a speech in London last September in which the German fleet was designated as a "luxury" and in which he said that if the war ships did not come out and fight they would be "dug out like rats in, a hole." "After these sayings," Admiral Von Koester declared, "one expected other things from the British fleet than it has accomplished. I am al most tempted to believe the spirit of Nelson no longer lives in it." Prohibition in Arkansas. Little Rock, Ark., Feb. 9. Gov ernor Hays signed the 6tate-wide Prohibition bill which prohibits the granting of further saloon license for 1915, but does not disturb those already granted. Forestalling the effect in Pulas ki County, Judge Asker granted the petition of Little Rock saloon men for licenses at 10:30 a.m., forty min uses before the measure was signed. Fifty saloons opened immediately. Arkansas is the sixteenth State with a State-wide Prohibition law among its statutes, it was said to day at the national headquarters of the Prohibition party here. John A. Shields, headquarters secretary, said fhe Arkansas law, as he under stood it, provided for complete Pro hibition by Jan, 1916. Some of the other States will not be "dry" until July 1, 1916. Mrs. "Stonewall" Jackson Charlotte, N. C, Feb. 9. Mrs. Mary Jackson, widow of the South's great general, -Stonewall Jackson, who is ill at her home in this city, was reported to be better at 10 o'clock to-day. She is conscious, her mind is clear, but the condition of her heart causes alarm. Her sudden death would be no surprise.