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1ST PRUSSIA BLACK WHITE TAN Li LAID IN WAST Toll of Russian Invasion Goes Into , Millions. Koenigsberg, East Prussia, April 3.- Thousands .of persons homeless 'thousands of buildings burned to the .ground and hundreds of thousands i if not millions," of dollars worth of damage done such is the toll of the .Russian invasions of Bast Prussia, which culminated recently in a raid on the -little city of Memel In the " northernmost corner of the provinc Hard on tne neeis or, me most re cent invaders an Associated Press ( correspondent toured Prussia, that part of it which at one time ' or other had been held by the Rus sians, and had an Opportunity to see the effects of their forward march and of their retreat as they were - driven back into their own country. From the German-Russian border which is fifteen miles to the north ward of Memel, to. Blalla, which is far to the south, and for miles in .... ward from the curving boundary ' line there now lies in place of a one time prosperous agricultural section an almost desolate waste, punctu ated here and there with half-ruined communities. Less than seventy-two hours after ' the Russianshad wrecked the town of Memel! only to leave it and 171 of their number dead when Ger man ' re-enforcements arrived, the - Associated Press correspondent reached the Isolated community to find it a veritable City of Fear, only partly heartened by the presence of stron&r military forces. Along every road within miles of . Memel were hundreds of wagons full of fugitives, hurrying with what they had been able to save from their homes before the invaders crushing into the large centers of ' population to the south and the westward. Their numbers were ad ded to the thousands who earlier had fled in similar fashion and are . now quartered all over Germany, until the time may be ripe for them to go back to the ruins of their homes. 300,000 FUGITIVES.- Along a line of .150 miles as the '. crow flies, .and for a distance vary ing from five to fifty miles inward from the Russian border, there now : remains only a succession of ruins After painstaking efforts the Prus elan authorities have been able to estimate the number of fugitives driven out about 300,000, the num ber of horses taken at 100,000, the number of cattle at 150,000. The extent of the pYyjerty damage, how ever, it is as yet impossible even to guess. That it will run into the millions is altogether likely. These same authorities . appear to bave proceeded with conservatism Wild tales of atrocites, which can be heard on every hand, have been discounted from first to last and in many cases have been proved to be the products of excited imagination, Careful Investigation, nevertheless, has established beyond much doubt, according to German statements, that thousands women and chil dren have been carried off to Russia, and that in addition to the maraud ing that is patent to the casual glance, civilians have been killed and outraged. UNLIKE BELGIUM. Bleak Eastern East Prussia to day presents, not the appearance of Belgium, with its , shell-ruined towns, but a succession of devas tated towns, all but devoid of in habitants. The extent of the dam age varies only in degree from Schirwindt, the City of the Dead, to Memel, the City of Fear. The tour of East Prussia began at Ineterburg, which has felt the Rus sian invasion virtually not at all, and extended to Gumbinnen, which is ringed about with battlefields where in the fall the Russian inva sion was combatted desperately. The town has suffered, but negligibly In comparison with those nearer the .harder. --"Through a waste of the partly- ruined villages the way led to Tilsit, one held by the Russians under Grand Duke Nicholas, the Russian commander-in-chief. Even the most bitter anti-Russian, however, admits that the troops which first came were soldiers, not marauders, and behaved themselves. The invasion of Memel had in a measure east its shadow before, un til even in Tilsit the effects were felt. Hundreds of wagons poured into the city. The occupants had not the slightest idea of their ulti mate destination. They trayeled blindly, actuated by a terrible fear of the Russians and the one desire to save themselves. Though nominally a city, Memel really Is a large town, with the one main street common to towns every- 1 ' I SIS 1 g -mm 1 mi ii '. 1 T MU Whether the Shoes be Black, White or Tan 2 in 1 Gives the Shine that Won't Come Off on the Clothes 'Brilliant Lasting. The "Easy-Opening" Box, 10c. THB F. F. OALLEY CO., LTD.. BUFFALO, N. YH HAMILTON, CAN. tmjmSaacjMRssmz. rggf- mmyitmi&Mtimi. where. That street bore the traces of Russian invasion, for every store window was smashed in. c MEMEL IN PANIC. " f In the place of the 600 landsturm that formerly had guarded the place and the whole region surrounding it there were thousands of regular troops. The two hotels were full of officers and the streets swarmed with both soldiers and sailors, for in the harbor lay cruisers and torpedo boats -that had been sent hastily to Memel to bombard the Russians as they retreated. A whole army corps, however, would not have served to calm the town completely. Its inhabitants had suddenly been awakened to what the war really meant. Its Mayor lay in the hospital, deeper-1 ately ill from a bayonet wound. Be tween 500 and. 600 of the popula of theclty and the environs had been carried off by the retreating forces. Shops were wrecked and pillaged. The scenes of destruction on the way to Memel had seemed bad enough, but they could not be placed in the same category with conditions to the north and east of the city. The Russians had moved in two col umns, driving the landsturm troops before them, and little was left behind. The way led due north to Nim- mersau, almost on the Baltic and on ly a few hundred yards from the German-Russian border, over which the Russians had poured a few days before. The force had included, ac cording to all . accounts, 500 Cos sacks, followed by civilians who completed the work of wreckage. REFUGEES CHOKE TILSIT. Half a hundred Russian prisoners concluded the work of burying their 171 dead fellows when the As sociated Press correspondent left Memel. The route led back to Til sit, still choked with refugees. Ever and again there would appear long wagon trains of ammunition and supplies, bound for some point along the long fighting line, and once In a while batteries of artillery plow ing through the deep mud. A noncommissioned artillery of ficer, plodding along toward the hospital in Tilsit, asked permission to ride, and told the tale of the previous day's battle. His company, called in an emergency to act as in fantry and help defend a position near the border, had been badly broken up by what he described as a villainous machine gun fire. "These Russians certainly can shoot," he declared. "I've put in a good many years as an artillery man and don't mind artillery fire Neither is infantry fire disconcert ing. But deliver me from the ma chine guns. It's awful. Out of eighty-six , of us they killed six with bullets from a flank fire Lime $1.00 Per Barrel Whitewash while spring cleaning JUST ARRIVED: CAR KOSMOS CEMENT Have Car Lehigh Cement on the way. Now is absolutely the best time to put in concrete work, as it will cure prettier now than at any other season of the year. ' Your brick work will come cheaper now than ever be fore. Try us and see. Telephone 28-w . If you don't happen to get anyone, call the second Phone-r28-j. ransford & Sons UNION CITY, TENN. T. I. B Cheap .....Goal Is not necessarily the lowest in price since the value is largely determined by the quality you receive, and If it Is FROM DIRT of all kinds. We guarantee our coal to be of the best quality, and at the end of winter will prove the cheap est, because it will go the farthest ELVIN COAL CO. Telephone No. 11. right thru the 'temple apd severly wounded a lot more. But we held that position." The rain turned to blinding snow through which the automobile slip ped and slithered on its way from Tilsit to Pilkallen. Pilkallen used to bear a very lively reputation be cause of its rum shops, but all that is left of them now is wrecked in teriors and smashed glass. A few of the thousands who formerly lived in the place are still there, wander ing about aimlessly, waiting for time when the war will be over and form er activities restored. DESTROYED BIT BY BIT. In all the city there is not atrace of gun lire or of damage by shelling. The Russians, so the inhabitants tell, came in, occupied the place for a while, destroyed it bit by bit and then set fire to it when the Germans, who drove them out, approached. In all of East Prussia it has only one parallel Goldap. Its gaping, fire- singed walls, its handful of inhabi tants, its mocking signs indicating former prosperity, tell the story of destruction more strlckingly even than deserted villages and Isolated buildings from which the owners have fled. The very presence of a few people serves .to enhance the spectacle of desolation. Yet even Pilkallen, twice the stronghold of the Russians since the beginning of the war, did not im press one as the city nearest to it Schirwindt, directly on the Russian border, appropriately named the "City of the Dead" by an otherwise unemotional German lieutenant. The approach to Schirwindt leads along a broad, tree-lined boulevard. For miles one can see the tall, two spired church that stands as an out post for the city. Here almost for the first time were indications of a bom bardment, for both the towers had been riddled by shells from big guns, and the roof in half a dozen places! is gaping. Schirwindt's only living "inhabi tants" are flocks of carrion crows that were devouring the carcasses of the horses killed in the battles there. The birds rose in black clouds as the automobile approached and circled overhead until it was gone. In all Schirwindt there remains only one object that has not been partly or entirely destroyed a little public fountain surmounted by a bronze figure, sheltered by Che church. The last inhabitant has fled, for none of the houses is habi table. Months ago the pews in the church were ripped away to make room for horse stalls, and over all the dust is thick. Empty cartridge shells litter the floor both of the church and of the houses that were used for defensive purposes. At the entrance of the house of worship there stares out the ironical sign, ornamented with a soldier's riddled helmet, bearing the words: "Peace be with you." At the boundary line between Gra- ewo and Lyck, the Russian destruc tion had begun with a nice exacti tude at the frontier, but on the line between Schtschutachin and Bialla the Russians were less careful, for about half a mile from the dis tinguishing posts the burning and wrecking set in, then stopped as the mistake had been recognized and then began at the first house on the German side. Wehave the best line of Spoons in Triple-Plate hhat we have eyer had for the money Ice Tea Spoons $1.00 per set Tea Spoons 75c per set Twenty-Six Piece Set in case $1.00 Other Spoons as low as 50c per set Look into our show window when you pass. All guaranteed for five years. BRANSF0RD ft ANDREWS Sclf-Seeking. "What became of that politician?" He was always self-seeking. "That may bave been what the voters had io mind when they told him to go chase himself. " Keep your lawn smooth and vel vety this summer with one of those good lawn mowers yon will find at WEHMAN'S. Not Worth Reading. The matinee idol's mash letters He languidly puts on the shelf. Tis whispered by one of his betters Most of them are sent by himself. The Situation. "It is claimed that New York is not always hospitable to the stranger with in her gates. " i "That only applies," stated the New Yorker calmly and judiciously, "to those within the gates but without the coin," ' BUY YOUR Wall Paper Window Shades Matting and Matting Druggets FROM Caldwell '8 look Store We can save you money Crimes of Mohammedans. Dilman, Persia, April 24 (via Pe trograd to London, April 26, 3:10 a. m.) The exodus of from 20,000 to 30,000 Armenians and Nestorian Christians from Azerbaijan prov ince, the massacre of over 1,500 of those who were unable to flee, the death from disease of 2,000 in the compounds of the American mission in Urumiah and possibly of an equal number of refugees in the Caucasus have been confirmed. When it became known the night of January 1-2 that the Russian forces had left Urumiah about 10, 000 Christians fled, most of them without money, bedding or provis ions. A majority of the people started out afoot, through mud knee deep, across the mountain passes in freez ing weather. At Dilman they were Joined by many more for Salmas Plain. But for Father de Cross, of the Roman Catholic mission at Hos rova, near here, the disaster might have become historic. After assur ing the safety of the sisters of the mission, Father de Cross joined the pilgrims and managed to secure bread and shelter for many of them. The caravansaries were so crowded that thousands slept in the mud and snoW. Children were. born on the roadside or in the corner of a cara vansary. THREW CHILDREN IN RIVER. Arriving at Julfa, on the Russian border, passport difficulties added to the troubles of the fleeing people. Maddened women threw their chil dren into the Araxes River or into pools in order to end their sufferings from cold and hunger. Father de Cross had to put his back against a wall to fight off the famished mob when he began dis tributing bread. The mud and cold and the shelterless nights, during which the garments of the refugees were frozen knee high, continued for three weeks, until the people were slowly dispersed by rail. LOUISVILLE MAN REFUGEE. Isaac Yonan, a graduate of the Louisville, Ky., Theological Semi nary, was among the refugees. He kept a diary of the happenings dur ing the exodus. This relates that among the refugees from Urumiah was an old man and his two daughters-in-law with their six young children, three of them babes in arms. After his eight days on the way, averaging twenty miles daily -through the mud, the old man be came stuck in a pool, and at his own request was left there to die. One woman gave birth to a child during the march, and an hour afterward was again plodding along with the other refugees. Two of the children were lost in a caravansary, hut were taken up by Cossacks along with forty other per sons. The soldiers displayed great humanity, often giving up their horses to the women. One young woman carried her father for five days, when he died. John Mooshie, a graduate of Col gate University, an editor of the Urumiah Star, related a tale of the pandemonium when 200 vehicles be came stalled in a pass and which continued until Russian soldiers straightened out the tangle. In a single day twenty persona " died in the railway station at Nak hitchevan, across the border in Rus sia. The entire casualties aggre gated hundreds. People died unheed ed and unmourned; in fact, those: who died seemed to be envied by the living. Creating a Demand. v "Doing any good?" "Purty fair with a roach destroyer," "Many people got roaches?" "All got some when I call. I let loose a few in the vestibule before I ring the bell." ' Bad breath, bitter taste, dizziness and a general "no account" feeling is a sure . sign of a torpid liver. HERBINE is the medicine needed. It makes the liver active, vitalizes the blood, regu lates the bowels and restores a fine feel ing of energy and cheerfulness. Price 50c Bold by Oliver's Red Cross Drug Store. Adv. '