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DR. E. M. LONG
DENTIST - Over White & Burchard'i Drug . Store, Union City, Tenn. Telephones Office 144.2, Residence 144-3 COMME DR. E. M. LONQ DENTIST Over White & Burchard'a Drug Store, Union City, Tenn. Telelphonee Office 144-2; Residence 144-3 RCIAL Jl Jl JIJD Union City Commercial, established 1890 . c . , , ,lo, West Tennessee Courier, established 18W I Consolidated September 1. 1897 UNION CITY, TENN, FRIDAY, MAY 7, 1915. VOL. 25, NO. 6. 4 i 4. Qc We Buy; Woo SEE US BEFORE YOU SELL . Wholesale and Retail Grain, !iay and Field Seeds CLOVER Alsike, Alfalfa, Red Top, Timothy, Blue Grass, Orchard Grass and all kinds of Field Seed HAY AND CORN Corn Chops, Bran, Oats, Cotton Seed Meal and Hulls and all kinds of Feed. CHERRY-MOSS GRAIN CO Union City, Tenn. Telephone No. 51 Delicknas - V Delightful Drinks At Our Fountain Cool, refreshing and invigorating. All the standard flavors daintily and tastily served. I Ice Creams, Ices and Syrups made from the pur est of food materials only. J Nifty specials every day. J We invite you to quench your thirst at our , fountain. HENDERSON'S Telephone 79 Cor. First and Washington Union City, Tenn. Coming to Town 5TV T?i a. TsJT J I ne rirsi xiumuiy Of course you are. You want to buy a Disc Qr Hoe Cultivator. That will be a part of your business. You want the best abso lutely the best made, don't you ? Then let us show you .4 THE OLIVER fit . i We will leave the verdict with yoa. Then you want to leave your order for a Deer ing Binder, Mower, Rake or Twine. Harvest time will soon be here. ' . m m a m 9 a m i if von need a Busrirv. we are nent nere wun I a full line. Prices right. If you miss a bar J gain, the fault will be yours. lackson II SOISSONS' RUIN IS PICTURED BY POWELL llll 0 Deering Building City of 15,000 Reduced to a Few - People. (Copyright by the New York World and The Commercial Appeal.) On the Alsne, April 30. The of ficer who acted as my guide and cicerone assures me I am the first civilian who has been permitted to visit Solssons since last September. Before we started I was told quite frankly that military authorities ac cepted no responsibility for conse iuences of my excursion, for, though j Solssons is in possession of the French it is under almost constant bombardments by Germans. In order to get a setting for the picture clearly in your mind, you jmust picture two parallel ranges of hills," separated by a wonderfully fertile valley, perhaps three miles In width, down which meanders with many twists and hairpin turns the silver ribbon that is the River Alsne I On its bank at a gentle bend in the river stands the quaint old town of Solssons, so hoary with antiquity that its earlier history is lost in the mith of tradition. Of its normal population of 15,000 only a few score remain, and these only because they have no other place to go. A sandstone ridge which rises ab ruptly from the south bank of the river directly opposite Soissons is held by the French,, and from the shelter of its summit their batteries spit unceasing defiance at the Ger mans . under Gen. von Heeringen, whose trenches line the heights on the other side of the river and im mediately back of the town. GERMAN FIRE CONTINUES. From dawn to dark and often throughout the night, the screaming messengers of death criss-cross above the red tiled roofs of Soissons and serve to make things interest ing for the handful of inhabitants who remain. Every now and then German gunners, apparently for no reason save pure deviltry, drop a few shells into the middle of the town. They argue, no doubt, that it keeps them hopeful and from be coming ennuied and gives them something to think about. The ridge on the French side of the river is literally honeycombed with quarries, tunnels and caverns, many of these subterranean cnam- bers being as large and curiously formed as grottos in the Mammoth Cave of Kentucky. Being weather proof as well as bombproof, . the French have turned them to excel lent account, utilizing them for bar racks, ammunition safes, fire control stations, hospitals and even stables. In fact, I can recall a few stranger sights than that of a long line of helmeted horsemen, comprising a whole squadron of dragoons, disap pearing into the mouth of one of these caverns like a gigantic snake crawling into its lair. Leaving our cars three miles from the outskirts of Soissons, we pushed our way through dense undergrowth up a hillside until we came quite suddenly upon the yawning mouth of a tunnel, which I surmised passed completely under the summit of the ridge. Groping our way through inky blackness for perhaps an eighth of a mile, we suddenly emerged into the blinding glare of sunlight and found ourselves in -one of these se cret observatories from which French artillerists keep an unceas ing watch on the movements of the enemy and by the means of tele phone direct and control the fire of their own batteries with incredible accuracy. This particular observatory was located In the mouth of the tunnel and hence was entirely safe from de tection by German aviators, while its front had been so cleverly screened with branches and foliage that it would defy the keenest eye a thousand feet away. Pinned to the earthen walls were contour maps and fire control charts Powerful telescopes mounted on tri pods brought the German trenches on the heights across the river so close that had a soldier shown him self we could almost have seen the spike upon his helmet. A military telephonist with receivers clamped to his ears sat at a switchboard and pushed buttons or pulled ort pegs just as telephone girls do if f hotels on Fifth Avenue. p ARTILLERY OBSERVATORIES. , An officer in a smart uniform of dark blue with scarlet facings of the artillery service beckoned me to come forward, and indicated a small opening in a screen of branches. , "Look through there," he said, "but pleas.e be extremely careful not to show yourself or to shake branches. That hillside opposite us is dotted with enemy observatories Just as this hillside is dotted with ours, and they are constantly search ing this ridge with powerful glasses in hope of spotting us and shelling us out. Thus far they have not been able to locate us. We have had bet ter luck, however, for we have spot ted two of their fire control stations and cleared them out." As I was by no menas hankering to have a storm of shrapnel bursting about my head, I was careful not to do anything which might attract the attention of any German with a tele scope glued to his eye. Peering cau tiously through the opening in the screen of bushes, I found myself looking down upon the winding course of the Aisne and upon the white walls and pottery roofs of Soissons, clustered . on its further bank. Directly back of the town rose a steel ridge, its flanks already green with grass, but its green was slashed across by many zigzag yel low lines which might have been roads or paths, but which I knew were German trenches. But although all those trenches sheltered an invading army, not a sign of life was to be seen. The landscape seemed absolutely desert ed. But on the other side of that ridge we knew German batteries were posted just as French guns were stationed out of sight back of the ridge on which I stood. This artillery warfare is after all but a gigantic edition of the old-fashioned game of hide and seek. When you see your opponent, however, instead of tipping him on the shoulder and saying politely, ""I see you," you try try to kill him with a three-inch shell. The officer in command at this point was anxious to give a demon stration of the accuracy with which his gunners could land on the Ger man solar plexus until he learned that we were going into the town. Then he changed his mind. ' They've been quiet for several days now," he said, "and if you are going across the river it's Just as well not to stir them up. You will probably get a little excitement, anyway, for they usually drop a few shells into town about sunset Just before knocking off for dinner." BLOOMS AND BOMBS MINGLE. This was not exactly cheerful news, for it was then 4:30 p. m. Slipping through an opening in the screen of foliage which masked the observatories we found ourselves at the beginning of the communication trench which led diagonally down the hillside to the river. Down this we went, sometimes on hands and knees and always stooping, for we were now within full view of the German position, and to have shown our heads above the trenches would have brought an instant storm of shrapnel. Crossing the river, we still had before us a mile or more of cobble paved high road lined on either side by cottages, all of which showed signs of shell fire. Some had shat tered roofs and plaster on the walls of others was pock-marked with bul lets. Here fighting had been des perate and bloody. But over garden walls strayed blossom-ladened branches of peach, cherry and apple trees. The air was heavy with their fragrance. Black and white cattle grazed contentedly knee-deep in the grass of a nearby meadow. Pigeons cooed and chat tered on housetops. By an -open window an old woman with a large white cat in her lap sat knitting. As she knitted she looked out across blossoming hill sides to the ' skyline where the in vaders lay entrenched and waiting. I wonder what she was thinking about? She must have remembered quite distinctly when the Germans came to Soissons for the first time five and forty years ago, and of how they shot the townspeople in the public square. A few years ago the people of Soissons erected a monu ment to those murdered citizens. When this war is over they will have some more names to add to those already carved on its base. AMERICAN EMBASSY IN LONDON KEPT BUSY Conducts Affairs of Germany, Aus tria and Turkey. Flames have swept away half the town of Colon, Panama, causing a loss of at least 12,000,000 and sev eral deaths. New York's unemployed amount to more than 398,000, according to a Department or Labor report. London, April 25. Under stress of war Germany, Austria-Hungary and Turkey have all entrusted their affairs In Great Britain to the American embassy, thus piling an extraordinary burden upon Ambas sador Page and making it neces sary to enlarge the embassy staff. American affairs alone, with the thousands of controversies- and claims arising from Interrupted ship ping and the stubborn citizenship cases encountered daily, would be troublesome enough. But In addl tion to these the American ambassa dor and his assistants are looking after the interests of thousands of Germans and Austrians interned in England and are entrusted with the business matters of enemies of Eng- land who cannot communicate with this island except through a neutral agency. William Buckner is the special at tache of the embassy who is entrust ed with Austrian and Turkish af fairs. He maintains his office at the Austro-Hungarian embassy building in London, where he meets all in quirers and diverts from the Ameri can embassy a crowd which would be burdensome at this time when the embassy is frequently crowded with Americans seeking passports German affairs are in charge of Edward G. Lowry, special attache who has an office in the German em bassy building. Mr. Lowry has just recently returned from Germany where he arranged for the distribu tion of gifts and comforts among Englishmen interned there, through the agency of American consuls. Le land Littlefleld, who is a special at tache of the embassy, is assisting in caring for German affairs. At a time when travelers move between England and the continent with such difficulty the passport work of the embassy is especially arduous. Charles E. Stangeland, sec ond secretary, is in charge of this department which demands his en tire time, as well as that of several assistants. MANY SHIPPING CASES. Second Secretary J. Herbert Stab ler is entrusted with the claims and controversies which arise from Eng land's active campaign against ship ping. This department of the em bassay's work is growing heavier every day, because of England's ag gressive policy under the order in council suppressing trade to and from Germany. First Secretary Irwin Laughlin handles the diplomatic business of the embassy and is in constant con ference with Ambassador Page. Sec ond Secretary Edward Bell has charge of the general correspond ence of the embassy, meets press representatives and visitors whose business cannot be referred direct ly to some special division of the embassy. Second Secretary Frank lin M. Gunther, who was sent to London from Kristiana on special duty, is Mr. Bell's assistant.. Third Secretaries Elbridge Gerry Greene and Eugene C. Shoecraft and How ard N. Barnes, additional secretary detailed direct from the State De partment, where he has had many years or experience, are in charge of code work, now usually heavy be cause of the frequent interchange of lengthy notes between England and the United States. Sam B. Trissel and John T. Boi feuillet are additional secretaries detailed to interview visitors and di rect inquirers to the proper depart ment. Clifford N. Carver is private secretary to Ambassador Page. Fran cis and Edward Hudson are resident clerks, sons of the late Charles Hud son, who was attached to the Ameri can embassy for many years. The Hudson brothers are permanent em ployes of the embassy, who have passed their entire lives in the serv ice of the United States and are an unfailing source of information con cerning diplomatic affairs in London. Commander Powers Symington is naval attache. Naval Constructor Louis B. McBride and Lieut. John H. Towers, aviator, are also attached to the embassy. Lieut.-Col. Thomas H. Treadwell of the marine 'corps is another attache. The army is rep resented at the London embassy by Lieut. -Col. G. O. Squirer and Lieut. John G. Quekemeyer. Capts. A. M. Miller and W. A. Castle of the army are at the embassy temporarilv awaiting assignment with the Brit ish army as observers. ' WOMEN WELL DEMAND CESSATION OF WAR Will Present Request to Heads of All European Powers. The Hague, Netherlands (Via London), May 1. The International Congress of Women concluded its sessions here to-day after adopting a proposal to send delegations to the President of the United States and to the heads of all the European powers to demand immediate ces sation of the war. Mrs. Rosika Schwimmer, president of the Hungarian Woman's Suffrage Association, offered the proposal. It met the sharpest opposition and threw the gathering into great con fusion. We are here not only to talk, but to show the way to action," said Mrs. Schwimmer. "We wish posi tive steps." After the motion finally had bepn adopted the congress passed this resolution, brought forward by Mrs. Schwimmer and Miss Julia Grace Wales of the University of Wiscon sin: The International Congress of Women resolves immediately to ask neutral countries to take steps to create a conference of neutrals which, without delay, shall offer continuous mediation by inviting suggestions for a settlement from each of the belligerents and by sub mitting to all of them simultaneous ly reasonable proposals as a basis for peace." Mrs. Fannie Andrews, of Boston, read a manifesto covering all the points dealt with by congress. This manifesto, which will be Issued to women throughout the civilized world, declares that "this must be the last war." A permanent international com mittee was formed. It will make recommendations for conferences at The Hague and arrange for a peace conference of women to be held at the same time and place as the peace conference at the end of the war. The resolution referring to forti fications, which was passed yester day, was modified to-day so that it now provides simply that the seas shall be open to all nations on equal terms. On the conclusion of the congress many or the delegates lert rne Hague immediately. The American delegates scattered,, . various mem bers leaving for Germany, Belgium, Switzerland, France, England or other countries. NEWS NOTES. The award in the Western rail road wage arbitration increases the rate of pay to firemen and engineers many instances, but is believed by the men to fall far short of their demands. Representatives of the brotherhoods expressed disappoint ment at it, while the railroads in a general way considered it satisfac tory. Following the award, repre sentatives of the labor organizations made public their protest against Charles Nagel sitting on the board, because of his interest in railroads. This had been held up by request. Foreign trade opportunities and the care of the unemployed were dis cussed by prominent speakers before the Academy of Political and Social Science. A severe snowstorm in California and other Western States caused much damage Friday. Nightrider Trials Again. Hickman, Ky., May 2. The regu lar May term of Fulton County Cir cuit Court convened here to-day with a large criminal docket and the largest civil docket ever known. Be sides the criminal docket there are seventy-two appearance equity cases and twenty-seven appearances cases. All the candidates for office In this county and this judicial district will probably be in attendance, many of whom have not formally announced in this county. Most of the lawyers in this county, Hickman County and Graves County will be in attendance at this session of court, and the term will be an interesting one. The nightrider trial has also been set for this week and will be tried here. This trial will attract much Interest, there being fourteen men out on bond charged with nightriding, and there will be about one hundred witnesses. See the HERRICX refrigerator at WEHMAN'S befor buying one.