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DR. E. M. LONG DENTIST Over White & Burchard's Drug Store, Union City. Tenn. 144-2. Residence 144.3 DR. E. M. LONG DENTIST ' Over White & Burchard's Drug Store Union City, Tenn. ' ' 'Telelphones Office 144-2; Residence 144-3 Pnlon City Commercial, esta Wished 1890 rln1ij.(.j &.t.'h... i tn West Tennessee Courier, established 1897 1 Consolidated September 1, 1897 UNION CITY, TENN,. FRIDAY, MAY 14, 1915. VOL. 25, NO. 7. Ha We By y Wool SEE US BEFORE YOU SELL Wholesale and Retail Grain, Hay and Field Seeds CLOVER Alsike, Alfalfa, Red Top, Timothy, . Blue Grass, Orchard Grass and all kinds of Field Seed SB H A V AMn rODN M. MJTK M T.l W W X 1 Corn Chops, Bran, Oats, Cotton Seed Meal and Hulls and all kinds of Feed. CHERRY-MOSS GRAIN CO, f Tn inn Oiw Ton n f Telephone No. St ' RAILROAD PEOPLE OFFER . LIBERAL CONCESSIONS Delicious Delightful DrinRs At Our Fountain Cool, refreshing( and invigorating. All the standard flavors daintily and tastily served. tj Ice Creams, Ices and Syrups made from the pur est of food materials only. I Nifty specials every day. J We invite you -to quench your thirst at our fountain. HENDERSON'S Telephone Cor. First and Washington Union City, Tenn. WAR OR NO WA Harvest will son be on and you will need a Deering Binder, Vlower, Rake or some twine The DEERING is acknowledged to be the BEST. Give us your order now, so you will be ready for the harvest. DON'T FORGET that we handle a full line of the best Hoe and Disc Cultivators made. Buggies, all styles, and the I. H. . Motor; Press and Sweep Rakes. V. Let us figure with you. Tisdale & Jackson mi D Deering Building A. President Peyton, R. V. Taylor and Chief Engineers Here. "- President J. H. Peytcm, of the N., C. & St. L. Ry. Co., and R. V. Tay lor; Vice President and General Man ager of the M. & 0. R. R. Co., to gether with the chief engineers, Mr. Hunter McDonald and B. A. Woods, and counsel, Mr. Wall and S. R. Prince, of their roads respectively, were in the city last Saturday for the specific purpose of making in vestigations and surveys of their properties here with reference to the proposition of opening Church street across their right of ways and tracks on said street, which has been for some time a . matter of considerable magnitude Jor adjudication between the people of Union City and the railroads. A conference of these gentlemen with a number of our citizens was held at the Palace Hotel Saturday forenoon, at. which time the relative merits of the case were discussed. The question was opened here some time ago by an application of the people of Union City to the State Railcoad Commission for a new union station to take the place of the present congested and unsani tary quarters. The Railroad Com mission 'agreed with the citizens that a new depot should be built and ordered plans for a much larger and better building. The matter progressed with very little trouble until the point of lo cation was reached. Then the .rail- j roads objected to moving the pres ent site, and the Board of Mayor and Aldermen of Union City met and, to: gether with a number of citizens, decided to appeal to the Legislature for an act authorizing the extension of the streets, alleys and sidewalks thru and across the tracks, switch yards, sidetracks, depot buildings and grounds of any railway or other corporation in the corporate limits. (Act referred to appears in this is sue of the paper.) The Railroad Commission made it known that the matter of location was not in its Jurisdiction, and some effort was made to effect a compro mise. Mr. Burdick went to Nash ville with a proposition that the streets be opened for pedestrians on ly and that the depot be built some where out of the lines of the street and convenient to the citizens and the traveling public. Mr. Burdick's report was that Mr. Peyton and his company were not adverse to this plan but that the M. & O. officials objected. That blocked the compro mise. This was the condition of things when the officials of the roads named above appeared in Union City last Friday evening. On Saturday Mr. Peyton and Mr. Taylor and their party made some personal observa tions and preliminary surveys of the grounds in question. After this the meeting took place at the Palate Hotel. Present at the meeting were the railroad officials named, the Mayor, T. R. Reynolds, J. C. Burdick, John T. Walker, Wal ter Howell, Geo. Dahnke, F. J. Smith, Chas. W. Miles, Jr., W. M. Miles, J. M. Brice, Dr. W. M. Tur ner, John Adams, John Semones Judge Swiggart. one of the local railroad attorneys, was also present, and perhaps one or two others. Mr. Peyton explained the purpose of the .meeting. He was anxious to meet the people of Union City on the fairest and best terms, and with this end in view had come prepared to make them an offer which he IhqpSd would be satisfactory and ac I ceptable. Mr. Taylor, of the M. & 0. R. R Co., stated the proposition fully. He stated that the officials of the two roads had agreed on this proposi tion, and in doing'so felt that it was very liberal and conducive the interest of both tire citizens of Union City and the railroad companies. The proposition was to construct an underpass, an overpass or bridge be ing impractical, passing under the Y and the crossing on Church street, beginning r east of Depot street, thirty feet wide and running under the T and (he main tracks of the M. & 0. and N., C. & St.-L. railroads land terminating somewhere near,the I drain or big ditch. This underpass to be made of concrete, twenty test of the width for roadway and five feet on each side for walks. Above and on the surface leading to the depot, a road and walkway are to be made to accommodate the travel ing public and those of our citizens who wish to cross the street above the underpass. The underpass was planned with Concrete walls extend ing above the surface on either side. The upper roadway is for ac cess to the depot only, but the walks can be used to pass from one side of the street to the other. The plans for the underpass were made, one above the drainage line, which would require the raising of the tracks and depot and express buildings, the other a little deeper to be drained with an automatic electric pump. Estimate of cost for the first named was $34,000, for the latter $25,000, two-thirds of the cost of. either plan to be assumed by the two railroad companies and one-third by the town of Union City. The $25'000 plans were recommend ed by the engineers as the most prac tical and the cheaper. These plans were exhibited, and the engineers were plied with questions about the details. In offering this proposition Mr. Taylor stated that his company and Mr. Peyton's company felt that they were making very liberal concessions to Union City. They had, after re- connoitering the grounds, come to the conclusion that Union City need ed more traffic accommodations across the tracks. The crossing on Main and Harrison streets are not sufficient, he said, and in view of the fact that railroad companies everywhere are undertaking to eliminate grade crossings and the danger risks thus incurred the un derpass was proposed and utilized in many places. Mr. Taylor added that at this time while the European war is at its height and business conditions are badly effected he was sometimes sorely puzzled to keep the finances of his road in good shape, but it is at just such a time as this that the companies are offering to convert some of their earnings into the construction of improvements in Union City. The underpass con struction he stated, had been, offer ed to no other town on the road ex cept Meridian. It was refused there and since that time the death of a prominent citizen occurred at the crossing. When Mr. Taylor had closed May or Reynolds arose and stated he. was not prepared to say what the people wanted any further than had been expressed at a citizens' meeting, and what they would do with the propo sition for an underpass. W. M. Miles opposed the proposi tion on the grounds that the rail road companies had at first refuted the idea that " Union City needed more ' crossing facilities and how come with the concession that they are needed. He reviewed the case, having been present at a number xf I the conferences, and spoke of the manner in which the legislative committee had been received in Nashville by the railroad officials. Dr. Turner wanted to be on good terms with the railroad companies but made it plain that he, as a member of the board, could not agree to the terms of. the proposi tion. Attorney F. J. Smith was present and made some comments on the proposition submitted to our people Mr. Peyton got up again and as sured the people of Union City his good will. He admitted that some arguments had been made by our people which had not been present ed before, and that they should be duly considered. But in conclusion that he and his people would not consent to the opening of Church street at the crossing except by the order, of the courts, and then they would cheerfully acquiesce. No agreement was reached. In fact the railroad officials and the citizens present seemed to be as far apart as before the meeting. SUPREME COURT GIVES DIETZEL LIFE SENTENCE Mitigating Circumstances the Sentence. Modifies Death in California. Banning, Cal., May 3. Peter King, of Union City, Tenn.,' died here Sun day after having lived in this city only a few day 8. Mr.- King, after stopping a short time in Santa Ana, Cal., re moved to this city in the hope that the Banning climate would improve his health, but be was too far gone and passed away yesterday. Deceased Was a Mason and was accompanied to this city by J. T. Hicks, of Santa Ana, a brother Mason, to whom he bore a let ter of introduction from his lodge in Tennessee. . Interment will be made in this city to-morrow. Copper Screen ' Wire and Black Screen Wire for all screening pur- poses at WEHMAN'S. Frank Dietzel, the 23-year-old son of Herman Dietzel, the wealthy har ness shop proprietor of Union City, must serve the remainder of his life in the penitentiary at Nashville for having murdered George Wehman, the 55-year-old eccentric painter, whose body was found in an aban doned well eleven days after the killing with a gunshot wound in the the back of his head and with his roll of bills gone. Such was. the de cision of the Supreme Court in the case in ah elaborate opinion handed down by Justice Grafton Green. The high court took into t consid eration that portion of the jury's verdict naming "mitigating circum stances." Judge Joseph E. Jones, before whom the case was tried in the lower court, took no cognizance of the mitigating circumstances, but sentenced DietzSJ to electrocution on the conviction of "murder in the first degree." The high court, in passing upon the case, stated that the guilt of Dietzel was clear in their minds, that the evidence in the case was uncontroverted; but added that "in this case like all other cases of circumstantial evidence there is a possibility of a mistake somewhere in this case a bare possibilty we therefore modify the judgment of the court below and Dietzel will serve a life sentence." The rendering of the modified opinion in the case led some to be lieve that the Supreme Court had taken cognizance of the present Bovvers bill which was passed by the Legislature but vetoed by the Gov ernor. The Supreme Court based its opinion bearing on the element of mercy on that clause' of the jury's verdict, "with mitigating circum stances." The case went to the higher court on the facts. It is true that there were errors assigned along the lines of technicality but in the eyes of the court of last resort these1 were not sufficient to change the status of the case as tried in the lower court. As was anticipated the Supreme Court looked to the bloody laprobe, the stained money, the actions of Dietzel in visiting the vicinity of the abandoned well practically every day following Wehman's disappearance and Dietzel's failure to go on the witness stand during the trial as evidence pointing strongly to his guilt. In handing down the opinion Judge Green stated that theWlibi was shattered by the evidence of two witnesses who testified that the Dietzel buggy did not arrive at the livery stable till 11 o'clock on the night of July 11. In the closing decree Judge Green covered the case with the following questions: "What motive could a young mah in the standing of the plaintiff in error have had for seeking the com pany of an eccentric laborer like the deceased, and driving him around over the country? Could he have been up to anything good? For what purpose did the plain tiff in error hire this rig on the night of July 11 and what did he do with it?How did this laprobe become saturated with blood, and whose blood could it have been save that of the deceased? MIDNIGHT DRIVE. "Who else was on such terms with deceased as to induce the latter to take a midnight drive with him, and who but the plaintiff in error was it that the witness met returning to Union City on the Protemus road with his face concealed with the lap robe. Frome whence was this dis guised individual coming except from the scene of his crime? PAID DEBTS ON SUNDAY. "Why was the plaintiff in error paying his debts on the Sunday after the disappearance of George Weh man? Do men ordinarily settle their obligations on Sunday? If plaintiff in error had his money to pay his lodge dues prior to Sunday, why should he have, .delayed, and why should he have waited to settle with his sister-in-law? .If he only got this money on Saturday, July 11, where did It come from? Why is no explanation offered as to its source?) IDENTITY OF BHXS. "Is it likely that the tailor could have been mistaken as to the iden tity of the ten dollar bill paid him by plaintiff ip error on the Wednes day following the crime? Could this ten dollar bill with its peculiar characteristics have been mistaken in a small deposit of only $55 accu mulated by the tailor in a few days? "Is it possible that Burdick and his wife could have been mistaken as to the identity of the bill they had from the deceased? "Were two bills ever worn, torn and discolored in a manner so strik ingly similar as the Burdick bill and the tailor's bill? Could one have been so torn and worn unless it had been carried with the other? Where could these bills have come from ex cept from the red tobacco sack where George Wehman carried his roll? SEARCHING WELLS. "Why did the plaintiff in error, perfectly familiar with the country when making a search for the body of the deceased, omit to look into the wells along the lane connecting the Protemus and Rockridge roads? Why should he have overlooked these wells, and searched others, both going out and returning? "Why should he have visited this remote locality on the day after George Wehman's disappearance? Why should he have been there on Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday, and on the days thereafter? What could have drawn this plaintiff in error to this lonesome lane on the days following the crime, except that mysterious and proverbial force that impels a murderer to return to the scene of his iniquity or to the place where he has hidden his vic tim? Why should the prisoner have haunted this vicinity, as long as he was free, unless like that other murderer: "All night he lay in agony, From weary chime to chime. With one besetting horrid hint, That racked him all the time; A mighty yearning like the first Fierce impulse unto crime? "One stern, tyrannic thought, that - nmde-- All other thoughts its slaVe;$. Stronger and stronger every pulse Did this temptation craven Still urging him to go and see The Dead Man in his grave." WHY SILENT? "Who can answer these questions we have propounded so as to excul pate Frank Dietzel from this mur der? What explanation of these circumstances can be made to con sist with his innocence? If he can be exculpated, if there is such an explanation, why does he remain si lent? Learned counsel have made a brave fight in his behalf, conducted with zeal and distinguished ability, but notwithstanding all they have said, on the record before us, we are convinced of the guilt of the plain tiff in error. The circumstances seem to exclude every other reasonable hypothesis. "Nevertheless, since there is here, as in every ease of circumstantial evidence, a possibility a bare possi bility in this case of mistake, we prefer to heed the expression of the jury and commute this sentence to life imprisonment. As thus modi fied, the judgment below will be af firmed." Thus spake Judge Grafton Green in delivering the opinion in the case. In the courtroom with young Dietzel sat two brothers, and all three seem ed to be satisfied with the opinion of the court. Frank Dietzel made no demonstration whatever when the final decree came down from the bench, and he walked nonchalantly with the marshal from the court room to the jail. NEWS NOTES. ,1 Newspaper dispatches from Switzer land to Paris report Austrians and Ger-. maos fleeing from all parts of Italy. A Geneva dispatch asserts that 600,000 Italians have been concentrated at Ver ona, twenty-five miles from the Austro Hungarian frontier. The Japanese Government has can celed all orders to the military and naval authorities in connection with the Chinese situation. The Japanese Em bassy at Washington gave out a state ment explaining Japan's position in the negotiations with China. The Supreme Court's dissolution of the Tobacco Trust has resulted in com petition between the successor compa nies in most branches of the industry, but has not affected wholesale or retail prices, according to a report issued by the Bureau of Corporations. Coal Coke Wood Sail Tel. 160.