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West Tennessee Courierestablished IM 1 n80"datl September 1. 1S97 UNION CITY, TENN, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 3, 1915. VOL. 25, NO. 23. HEROISM , WAR AND GREAT WARRIORS BV EUGENE F'.; McSPEDDEN. , CONTINUED FROM I,AST WEEK. If, we should somewhat analyze the mind and character of even the most" powerful; generals, and Mien compare them to the most eminent men. in the other .fields of world moving achievement, we should find . their figures rather dwarfed beside the world's really loftiest characters Great warriors are usually men of well formed and powerful physique ; Alexander was fair and slightly rud dy of complexion,-handsome of form and face, of medium size, but well knit, energetic of both body and mind and capable of hard and con tinuous exertions. "A man of ener gy and ambition," says Curtis in his Introduction towilliams'Life of Alex ander, "he was the hardest worker of his day, both in body and mind. Caesar was slender, rather tall and .pale, but with a thick muscular neck;" prepossessing in appearance, , of, quick decision, untiring energy of both body and mind, and rapid in- . cisive in movement. He usually, says Fraud, brought the news him self that he was coming. Napoleon was low of stature, but slightly heavy, and a galvanic battery of physical and intellectual energy. Josephine said that Napoleon was never "quiet for an hour, "He was often on horseback," says Headley" "for eighteen hours a day, and yet wrought up to the intensest mental excitement all the while." Without intermission he could march, array his troops, fight battles and - win victories for forty-eight hours on a stretch. All these men planned rapidly, moved like stormclouds, and fell on the enemy like a thousand thunderbolts. Hence their great success. Our Washington was tall and . large, of enormous physical . force and endurance, and mentally well balanced and sensible,1 rather than intellectual, and usually calcu- , lating deliberate and forceful, rath er than rapid and incisive in move ment of both body and mind. "He is not the thunderbolt," Headley ob serves, "hurled from the sky arrest ing and startling, but the mighty ( ocean tide calm, majestic and ' re sistless. Great warriors, as a preponder ating rule, are physical, energetic and expedient, rather than highly intellectual and. moral; men of ac tion and iron, rather than of thought and mercy; of will and ambition, rather than "moderation and philan thropy; pugnacious and volcanic, rather than liberal and magnani mous; destructive, rather than con structive in genius; bold and im petuous, delighting in the wild ex citement of terrific battles. As the eagle delights in the storm and is strangely calm when the lightning is playing on her wings, so such men as Washington and Napoleon are calm and self-collected amid the most tumultous and destructive scenes of battle and can gaze on the wild contest with a calm eye, quick to see any chance for advantage. "Hold on," said Napoleon at the battle of Austerlitz," "never inter rupt the enemy when he is making a false move." And at the proper moment Napoleon charged like thunder and the enemy, was ruined. Caesar would rush bareheaded among his soldiers, when, they were disorganized and about to be ae stroyed, wheel them into the proper order and beat the enemy into the dust. Washington "on his fine Charg er would dash in front 'of his waver ing lines, right into the teeth of the tempest of bullets, and turn the tide of battle amid loud huzzas. Alex ander would leap single-handed into the midst of an armed garrison and fight them back till his men could scale or tear down a wall. These great generals all seemed to be in capable of the sensation of fear. Great generals as a rule, however, are not devoid of nobility, generosity and sympathy. Washington was al ways noWe and generous. And it was only the stern necessity and a highly patriotic spirit that always prompted mm 10 prusecuie war uiiu lift his sword in battle. His great heart was filled with a great sor row whenever his soldier or fellow people were distressed or severely suffering. Napoleon once flung five or six hundred dollars in gold into the lap of a poor destitute widow, into whose cabin he chanced one day to come. He would sometimes weep, like a child, at the close of a battle, in looking over the field all burdened with the wounded, dying and dead. His was an uncontrollable grief when his friend, Durock, was mortally wounded at Bantzen. Cae sar and Alexander were often gen erous, and, Alexander especially, sometimes kind and sympathetic to ward even an enemy.' When he de feated the Darius "at Issus and cap tured his royal family, he cared for them "very generously, and, when after the battel of Arbela, he pur sued Darius and found him dead in his chariot, he wept for pity very much unlike the treatment that Achilles, one of Alexander's far famed ancestors, gave to the slain Hector. But Napoleon, Alexander or Caesar never allowed the sentiment of generosity or pity to stand in the way of their plans of just or unjust, or necessary or ambitious warfare. Napoleon butchered thousands, both sexes and all ages in Spain, mainly, if not solely, it seemed, to satisfy his ambition for glory, or greed for gain. . Alexander destroyed cities wantonly, exterminated the defeated soldiers, killed and captured the ih habitants (sometimes refined and cultured) and sold them to bar barians, as at Tyre and Thebes. Caesar once allowed his legions to cut to pieces a quarter of & million of poor, homeless and defenseless German men, women and children fleeing for their lives, because of small and, perhaps, accidental of fense. Even Rome lifted up her hands in horror at such a brutal massacre. Alexander, Caesar and Napoleon (I will not mention Washington whose whole career was on the side of freedom, justice and God) in their tremendous and world-shaking ca reers all did the human race a great service, in advancing the cause or liberty,, justice and civilization. And it is no doubt true that they all pos sessed deep in their hearts an- honest and patriotic desire to serve th world in some such way; but to say that they were not also ruled i their terrific courses, and often driv en beyond justice ana mercy, Dy their own lust for gains, power an glory, would be to make a wide blunder. They heaved the world forward, no doubt, more than they could foresee, and knew not all the good they wrought; but the evil they did (and it was enormous) was most emphatically, either directly or indirectly, their own. They deserve much, but not full credit for all the good they did, and some, but far from entire, exoneration for their great crimes. . Great warriors all have a genius for military life; for organizing eauiDDing and training armies ior building fortifications, bridging riv ers, crossing mountains and exe difficult campaigns: for ob cufcing taming certain results by stratagem foF"inspiring confidence and enthus iasm in men; for manipulating armies and taking advantage on the field of battle, coupled with an uncon querable will, galvanic energy granite-like calmness amidst wildest scenes, and a readiness for any emergency. But we must under starifl that all that calls for an ener getic, gifted and judicious, rather than a deeD and lofty exercise of mind and soul; it requires an exer cise of mind on a purely physical field of action, which does not neces Sarily call forth the nobler facul ties of the mind or the sublimer moral sensibilities of the soul. The successful military leader is apt to be quick witted, a ready thinker and expedient. When Wil Ham The Conqueror went to invade England, in stepping from his ship onto the English shore he accidently slipped and fell, and fearing that it would 1)e regarded as a bad omen by his soldiers, he clutched a handful of dirt, and rising quickly, exclaim ed. See! by the splendor of God, have taken possession or England. Hannibal, being cooped up in a deep ravine by the Romans, tied lighted torches to the horns of some cattle and hurried them off across the country. Whereupon the Romans, mistaking the torch-bearing cattle for the Carthagenian army fleeing bv torch light, began the pursuit Hannibal then led his (army out in safety, while the fortunate Romans perhaps had the. beef the next day for dinner. We are all acquainted with Washington's famous feat of crossing the Delaware one cold win ter night, amidst floating ice, and surprising the enemy and gaining an important victory in a few hours, at Trenton. But the great general, as a gen eral, never requires and seldom pos sesses refined and elevated tastes the power of profound penetration and understanding, requisite to deep philosophical deductions, or a large intuition and imagination does not reauire. and seldom possesses in large degree, those more exalted en dowments of mind and soul, that be long to the constructive, rather than the destructive, genius, and the most conspicuous, enlightening and moralizing lights of the human race. Out of his camp, therefore,- the re nowned general is often a very or dinary, if not a very low, fellow. Paul Jones is far from an admirable man, apart trom nis Druuant navai feasts and battles; so also is Nelson, it appears, and I will not mention Benedict Arnold, whose ability and bravery as a general, we must all admire. "Accordingly," says Chan- ning, "great generals away from the camp are often no greater men than the mechanician away from his shop." Many mechanicians, I will add, are very honorable gentlemen. The fact is, the greatest and noblest and 'wisest souls do not, and cannot, find their proper sphere of activity in military life. Intellects of the first order or magnitude, naturally seek nobler and broader fields of thought and activity, which are more nearly commensurate with the reach and scope of their powers, and more congenial to their nature. As the condor delights to' spread his enormous wings and soar around the lofty peaks of the Andes, so the master minds delight to spread the wings of mighty thought and soar around the lofty peaks of intellect ual and moral acquisition, whence wide and far "may the vision be ex tended and the soul dilated with the purest and highest delights. It is true that there are some, at least partial, exceptions among great military commanders, in . point of , high intelligence. Caesar, who was the greatest warrior of his age, one of the very greatest of all. ages was also an accomplished orator, a gifteti and concise writer, and the most fundamental statesman of his time. Napoleon, . Alexander and Washing ton were also largely endowed with the powers requisite to statesman ship. "In eloquence and literature," says Channing. of Caesar, "he left behind him almost all those who had devoted themselves exclusively to these pursuits." "No military nara- tive," says Fraud, "has approached the excellence of the history of the war in Gaul." But one may be a consummate orator andyet be no peer among the mightiest intellectual orbs. And purely historical writings do not, and in their nature oannot, rank with the grandest and su blimest literary productions for in stance, with the best poetry and philosophy. The production of even the best history does not require a large employment of imagination, reason or intuition, which are re garded as the eminent of the intel lectual attributes, and ' the expres sion of which are highly pronounced in the best poetry, fiction and phil osophy. Neither does consummate ability as a statesman or lawgiver, which deals only with the material or experimentally knowable, require a large endowment, development or use of the creative, intuitive or rea soning powers a deep subtile . use of the reason such as we find in Plato or Bacon. Caesar, and per haps no other statesman, has ever appeared to be most liberally gifted with the superior parts of mind Even the great Webster, a powerful intellect, does not seem to possess a very proroundiy penetrating rea son, that sinks its roots deep to uni versal law and fact, or the large imagination that "bodies forth the form of things unknown." We must deny to Mr. Webster," says Therea dore Parker, "the great reason," and further he added, "the large imagi nation." And I have seen no reason as yet for contradicting Mr. Parker's statements. Caesar was, I believe, the most intellectual of all generals, with Na poleon as a close second, but neither his oratory, his literary productions or statesmanship entities mm to rank as a peer, or equal, among the world's greatest characters and in telligences. Moses, Homer, Plato Paul, Shakespeare, Bacon, Dante, Milton who would think of com paring any general whomsoever, as character or an intellect, with these and like luminaries, 1 whose minds with powerful sweep traveled like a beam of glory, thru all earth all space, all nature, all time and in to eternity, vivifying and luminating things most abstruse and high, and revealing profound moral and spirit ual depths. Generals, as a rule, and nearly all statesmen also, are lack ing in large moral worth, without which the sublimest visions or deep est insight is impossible even to a powerful, but pure, intellect; for morality, next to spirituality, (with which it is closely related) is the deepest and greatest of all universal facts. The exorbitant love of gain and ambition for a glory, such as are characteristic of nearly all renowned generals, and which are pushed for ward often to their ultimate goal thru useless, enormous and utterly unpatriotic butchery, can only be long to an order of men below the first. "The conqueror of Napoleon," says Channing, "possesses undoubt edly great military talents: but we do not understand that his most par tial admirers claim for him a place n the highest class of men." And that is more or less true of nearly all military geniuses. There is a wide gulf fixed between such men as Wellington and the man lien. nyson) that sang of him, "O good gray head which all men knew." The truly great, deep, good and wise souls of all ages have been, and must forever be, lifted above the brutal ambition and vain glory of war, as the eagle with her stronger wings and more bouyant spirit, rises above all earthly vapors and clouds and disports in the sun's purest effulgence. The really great man is constructive, more than destructive. thinker and an orderly doer, not whirlwind of fire or a mealstrom of ruin. He lays his ear close to the heaving bosom of all existence and listens to the pulsings of the ages, to the deep breathings of Deity, to the dimly articulate thoughts or God! To him, deep answers unto deep in accents of peace and good will. He may drive war, but it must' be a matter of necessity, not ambition; and it must be on the side of justice and of God., His soul is in harmony with the unversal order and beauty, behind which is God, and he would have the laws,- or kin dred laws, that govern the con cordant motion of the stars, to rule among men. The wise and good man must be for universal peace and righteousness. Jesus Christ, be ing the most imperial 01 an men, the wholy wise and good, must of necessity from his own divinely har monious nature, full of grace, truth nd love, be the Prince of Peace. LOANS TO FARMERS. Movement Started to Better Fanning ' ; Conditions. Fpllowing up a: suggestion made by officials of the Nashville, Chat tanooga & St. Louis Railway at a conference with several hankers in Chattanooga recently, the Clearing House banks of that city have pledged themselves to supply a fund of $100,000 to be loaned on long time to, deserving and energetic farmers iff that territory, this fund to be used in developing the agri cultural resources of thaf section. Mr. Thomas R. Preston, as repre sentative of the Chattanooga Clear ing House banks, has explained in a general way the purposes of the fund and the motives which actuated the bankers in supplying it. Brief ly, the object in view was to permit young and capable farmers to get a start in life on the farms and by en couraging them in scientific methods and the introduction of better live stock, to render a valuable aid to the farmers themselves and help to build up the land which is capable of pro ducing splendid results. The details of the plan, and the methods to be followed in passing upon the appli cants for loans are to be worked out by representatives of the banks and a committee of five farmers from the membership of the Farmers' Co-oper ative Union of Hamilton County. The endorsement of the idea by the Nashville, Chattanooga & St Louis Railway, thru President John Howe Peyton, is due to the great interest which this road has taken in the development of the agricul tural resources along its lines, and that the movement will be far-reach ing in its effect upon the develop ment of the farming interests has been demonstrated by the great in terest created thruout the farming communities in this territory. In general way the idea is to loan various sums to farmers who have character and the ability to make good. This money will be loaned for the purchase of better live stock, improved farming machinery, etc., and at a rate of interest which the banks are now loaning money to other business enterprises. It is not an attempt to give the farmers "something for nothing." It is a business proposition, but one which has not been tried in this section. It -is believed, however, that should the plans work out successfully that other sections will take it up. No body is to get any commissions out of the loans,' as the movement is one looking to a closer co-operation be tween the farmers and Jie bankers, at the same time bettering agricul tural conditions. Already the movement has at tracted attention in New York, and indications are that should the de tails work successfully that there will be no difficulty in supplying other such funds. FULTON'S FAIR SEPT. 7 TO 11. Promises to Outclass all Former Fairs in This Section. Death at Troy. -Mr Horace Guy, a well known citizen, died at his home in Troy Sunday evening at 6 o'clock, Aug. 9, 1915. Deceased leaves a wife and two children. The latter are Ernest and Mrs. Ira Young. The remains were taken to Sardis for burial. The Fulton County Fair at Ful ton, Ky., Sept. 7 to 11, will be the best ever held in that city. The Fair Association has contracted for a fea ture attraction by the world's most thrilling and sensational lady bal- loonists Madame LaFrance will make balloon aseensions and para chute leaps daily. This is the first time a lady balloonists has thrilled the crowds in this section of the country. Fulton will also surpass all for mer records with fast and exciting races each day. The stock exhibits are better than ever before and many interesting ex hibitions of farm products, etc., have been provided. A grand time is assured all who attend. Good music and big special free attractions. CHEAP RAILROAD RATES. One fare, plus 25 cents, for round trip on all trains. Passenger coach on local train leaving Wickliffe in the mornings, returning on No. 204. Trains Nos. 1 and 2 will stop at Gibbs, Rives, Obion, Trimble and Newbern to pick up and discharge passengers to and from Fulton. City Schools. The examinations of the City Schools took place last week, and regular school work begins next week. The children and pupils all are requested to be on hand prompt ly in order , that work may proceed with system and dispatch. Cherry-Moss Grain Co. Winter Grown Barley, Crimson Clover Seed, New Crop Rye, Rape Seed, All Kinds Field Seeds, Tennessee Horse Feed, Tennessee Dairy Feed, Corn, Chops, Oats and Bran, All Kinds Feed. CHERRY-MOSS GRAIN CO, Wholesale .and Retail Grain, Hay and Field Seeds Telephone No. 31 nnn&m mm am on farm IVIUIML I IU LUHIM LANDS I am authorized to take applications for loans on lands in Obion and Weakley Counties, Tenn., and Fulton County, Ky. The terms and conditions upon which this money will be loan ed are most favorable to the borrower. All or any part of a loan may be paid after one year, interest being stopped on payments made. Now is the time to arrange your farm loans while the money car be had at a low rate of interest and on long time. O. SPRADLIN Attorney At Law j& Union City, Tenn. 'Quality First" WE HAVE THE BEST GRADE Winter Rye, Barley and Turf flats Crimson Clover, Red and Sweet Clover Timothy, Red-Top and Blue Grass WE SELL THE Improved Kentucky Brain Drill Peering Corn Harvester, Peering Disc Harrow International Gasoline and Oil Engines Oliver Chilled Plows, Buggies, Wagons, &c "Quality First" Tisdale JacKson Ice Cream Silver Slice and Ices Cake Johnston's (Milwaukee) Box Candy The appreciated Chocolates PHONE 539 Essandee's Cafe The Quality Shop Service at our fountain is pleasing to those who can - dis criminate GOOD THINQS FROM THE ORDINARY.