DR. E. M. LONG
Over Wehman" Hardware Store
Union City, Tenn. .
Office 144; Residence 689-J .
DR. E. M. LONG
. DENTIST ,
Over Wehman Hardwate Store
Union City, Tenn.
Office 144. Residence 689-J
VOL. 27, NO. 6
rnion City Commercial . eMaWished ' 890 ConllalidBte(1 September 1. 1897
West Tennessee Contier.estabhshea 1897 I n
UNION CITY, TENN, (FRIDAY, MAY 3, 1918.
THIRTY SELECT MEM
GOTO GAMP JACKSON
Quota From Obion County, Leave
Saturday Crowds Gather.
Thirty young men',, heretofore ex-
, Itiuiucu u jf buv . . r
Board, ' reported last -Saturday and
;'"wer? enrolled" for 'military duty.
They were called together and ap-
neared at the park at 1 o'clock,
crowds of relatives and friends hay
ing assembled to give them good
cheer and to say good-bye.
The young men were seated on the
vplatform, together with members of
the Local Exemption Board and the
speakers of the occasion.
Mayor Tinman was the first speak
er. addressing a word of encourage
ment to the young men and praising
them for their patriotism and loy
alty.. It is a credit to the city to be
represented by such stalwart sons as
these who go to defend our liberties
In the great. European conflict.
Dr. C. W. Miles was introduced by
W. E. Hudgins, and he spoke regard
ing the cause and the necessity of
The people of the world are facing
-a crisis and that crisis involves the
liberty of the human race. Either
we must submit to serfdom or fight
for liberty. The famous declaration
of Patrick Henry, "Givo mo Liberty
or Give me Death," wa3 never more
real than it is to-day. It is a time
in the history of the world when the
end of kings must come, or we must
l A.rA lnd T 4a Ufa nr rianth
We are now at war with a race,
which, as far as history gives us
any' record, is noted for its barba
rism. The first of the house of
Hohenzollern was a noted highway
. man and bandit chief. Down the
march of time these peoplo have had
their periods of savagery. They have
either forced submission from their
own weak dependencies or waged
savage warfare 'with other nations,
if has always been in the name of
Prussianism, of military tyranny,
which has no standard but that of
It is this foe we must face, and
inthe name of God we must defend
human life and liberty from such
a foe. s ,
Judge Swiggart wa3 introduced by
C. W. Miles, Jr. The Judge spoke at
some length, delivering an interest
ing address Including an extensive
history of the war. Ho traced the
war on down from the time Russia
began to mobilize her troops for gen
eral defense against the designs of
Germany. Thj assassination or
Prince Ferdinand and his consort
was merely an incident. Germany
had been making specific plan3 for
war months and years before.
Germany with her most powerful
war machine, the ereate3t in the
history of the world, began to crush
her enemies. First is was peaceful,
unoffending little Belgium. -Then it
was Roumania and Servia, and again
it was Russia. - Italy was the object
of the next invasion, but the defense
halted it. During the march of this
bloody tyrant In Europe the rights
of the seas were interrupted. Amer
ican citizens traveling the high seas
on peaceful missions were attacked
and sent to death in the deep, all
without provocation, unless it was
they traveled on enemy merchant
men. Our nation waived this bloody
crime in the name of peace only to
be visited by others Just as bold and
bloody. The German Government
had' agreed to discontinue this sub
marine policy, but events proved that
me HgrtttJUIClll. who uunuo ki ocvun?
special .advantages when the or
der was given to continue submarine
warfare, with the enormous areas of
the war zone increased.
Judge Swiggart then gave his at
tention to he consequences of the
war. ' If France and Italy and Eng
land are conquered by the German
army," all Europe will be organized
under Prussian military power,
America will be assessed with bil
lions of tribute . and the days of
American liberty will be doomed.
It is in defense of this liberty and
opposed to such a Prussian menace
that we go to fight, and if ever man
had cause to strike in the name of
freedom, that cause is moving him
Judge Swiggart was put to the
necessity 'of speaking against the
noise of the trains, but he was list
ened to with the closest attention.
The occasion was closed with
nrayer by Rev. H. A. Todd and the
soldiers shook hands with large num
bers of people as they moved to the
train. The crowd was a large one
and every avenue to the train when
it pulled In was crowded. .
The soldiers left on the N., C. &
St. L. Railway for Camp Jackson,
The list Is as follows:
Walter Hermon Hawes, Union City
James Austin Lyons, Obion.
Sylvester Ross, Troy, R. 2.
James Moffatt Brice, Union City,
Lamar Powell Easterlings, Jones
Elmer F. Walker, Waverly, N. Y,
Robert Taylor, Troy.
Earl D. Bryson, Union" City.
Ernest Rucker, Fulton.'
Irving Bailey Griffin, St. Louis,
Samuel Carl Stokes, Fulton.
Jay Burnett, Union City.
Wm. Earl Henry, Obion.
Howard L. Schmidt, Union City
Garvin Elmore Williams,' Union
Johnnie Lank Ford, Union City
Flossie Smith, Fulton, Ky.. :
Harry Hayes, Hornbcak.
Smiley Grave," Obion.
Ezra Tipton Adams, Willlsville,
Richard Beauchamp Sanders,
Hugh Ed Curlin, Hickman, Ky.
Willie Foy, Lynville, Ky.
Wm. Carl Scott, McConnell.
Sfon White, Hornbeak.
Herbert Foster Quinn, Union City
Elvis Davis, Fulton.
Harmon Bond Fox, Obion.
Samuel Richard Arnold, Green
Wm. F. Caldwell, Union City.
AGED LADY DEAD.
Mrs. Martha Burros Passes Away at
the Age of 82 Years.
One of Fulton's County's oldest
citizens has passea away. Mrs Mar
tha Burrus, 82 yeara old, died Satur
day morning at 9: 30-o'clock at the
home of her daughter, Mrs. Don
Corum, of this city. Stomach trou
ble and the infirmities of advanced
age are given as the cause of her de
Deceased spent practically the
whole of her life in this immediate
vicinity, being born in the Wood
land M1U3 section. She was the
widow of the late Dan Burma. This
good old lady is survived by the fol
lowing children: Mrs. D. C. Corum,
Hickman; Dr. Geo. Burrus, Wood
land Mills: J. J. Burrus, Dumas,
Ark.; Swan Burrus and Mrs. G. B.
Brasfield, Hickman; also two sisters,
Mrs. Geo. Connor and Mrs. D. Down
ing, of Tiptonville, Tenn.
Funeral services were held at Pop
lar Grove church Sunday afternoon
by Rev. H. M. Crr-ln, of Hickman,
and Rev. Huey, of Martin, Tenn., and
the remains laid to rest in the Pop
lar Grove Cemetery.
Mrs. Burrus. was a charter, mem
ber of the Woodland Mills Baptist
Church, and followed faithfully the
teachings of her Savior. Her life
was one continuous- example of
Chrirtian womanhood and she was
loved by all who knew her. While
she lived to a ripe old age, her
death, nevertheless, comes as a great
shock to her many loved ones' and
friends. Hickman Courier.
What a. Bond Will Buy.
Dear Sir: I take the liberty of
addressing this letter to you, to show
how the soldier from your home feels
about . the Third Liberty Loan. If
you have bought or will buy one
fifty dollar bond, I will receive one
trench knife, five rifle grenades,
fourteen had grenades.
One one hundred dollar bond will
clothe me or feed me for eight
One one hundred dollar bond and
one fifty dollar bond will clotho and
equip me for overseas service.
Three one hundred dollar bonds
will clothe me and keep me in
France for n year.
Some subscriber to the Liberty
Loan may know that he haa made
the above possible. Why not let it
be you? If you have purchased to
your greatest possible extent, pass
this on to come'one else. Everyone
of us needs someone behind, provid
ing the money and tools.
I'm going a cross. You "come
across. Yours very truly,
MORGAN B. WELLS.
. Camp Meade, Md.
"Hail, gentle spring," the poet say
In madrigals and roundelays.
To fill the bill his language fails,
It can't bo gentle if it hail3.
COL.CHAS, II. GIBBS
Chattanooga's well-known citizen,
Col. Charles Nicholas Gibbs, is 90
years of age to-day. The Times de
sired to observe this event ; with a
suitable sketch of this esteemed
gentleman, farmer, Secretary of
State, and one who did valuable
service in the making of Tennessee
constitution. The task waa dele
gated to the Hon. Henry M. Wiltse
and the reader will observe that it
was well done. The Chattanooga
Times, March 29, 1918.
By H. M. Wiltse.
We shorten our lives and add
many fold to the worries of them by
conventional superstitious account
ing for the years that mark their
span. It is a false measure and a
foolish tradition; especially when
contemplated in the light of. a sup
posed scriptural limitation which
was but figure . of speech, written
without the least reference, in the
wbrld, to ur calendar. If we would
measure the time we have lived and
estimate our expectations somewhat
after the manner of mercury or spir
it in a thermometer, there would be
more sense in the reckoning. Then
instead of saying he is seventy or
he is ninety years old, we should
say he Is 70 degrees vigorous, or he
is 90 degrees active in mind and
Thus one would say that Col
Charles Nicholas Gibbs is 90 to 95
degrees, physically and mentally. If
a stranger undertook to measure his
years by. seeing him walk along the
street or hearing him talk, he would
not seem a bit absurd by saying he
is seventy-five years old. In point of
fact, however, he is exactly ninety
to-day, for he was born the 29th of
March, 1828. His birthplace was a
house which Gen. Hood's forces de
stroyed In the great Nashville battle
It is now within corporate Nash
ville, but was some distance out
when the infant Gibbs, heir-appar
ent to his Christian name above
given, used it for his birthday cele
His father was a lawyer of repute,
and the first banker of our capital
city. There is at the Gibbs home
here a $10 bill, No. 1 of its series,
which was the first one of that de
nomination issued by the bank of
which George Washington Gibbs was
head. He was a native of North
Carolina, and his wife, before mar
riage Lee Ann Dibbrell, was Ken
Young Charles attended school not
over-zealously until he had reached
the age of 9. Then he took a very
Important step, actuated, doubtless,
by an impulse which has ever been
markedly characteristic of him to
have a place in the sun, nearer to
Nature's heart. He eloped with Ills
old black mammy, and they went to
the country, over in Obion County,
about where Union City now oc
cupies. He flitted from attraction to
attraction, interest to interest, as a
humming bird spritefully wafts itself
from flower to flower. He took some
further schooling, part at Jackson,
and at the age of 19 began the prac
tice of law, some accommodating
friend taking care of the age re
He was elected Mayor of Jackson
before majority, and President Fil-
more appointed mm united states
Attorney In 1849. Daniel Webster's
signature of his commission is a
valued keepsake. He held the office
four years, and continued law prac
tice until threatened failure of voice
suggested retirement for a time, and
he diverted himself with farming,
sawmilling and railroad contracting.
When civil war Issues took definite
shape, he was so ardently for the
Union that be purchased an outfit
and established a Union paper, which
he conducted and made a very
strenuous champion bo long as he
could keep it going, then yielded to
what seemed the logic of events and
joined the Confederate cause, becom
ing a member of Gen. Frank Cheat
ham's staff. He had been offered the
colonelcy of a regiment, but declined
on account of a defective arm and
badly crippled hand, due to early ac
cident. This misfortune is so little
apparent under ordinary conditions,
that a friend of his who has known
him quite intimately forty years,
learned of it for the first time with
in the present month. And yet Col.
Gibbs attaches much importance to
that defective member, aside from
the fact that it deprived him of im
portant rank and function during
the war. Of his, career in that great
episode, he speaks somewhat dep
recatingly, saying that he "was of
very littlje service."
Alter the war ne resumed law
practice and pursued it actively un
til 1873, when he was chosen Sec
retary of State for Tennessee, which
important position he retained dur
ing various administrations, until
1881. In his politically active days
he was one of the best known and
most popular men invTennessee, and
especially so in the middle and west
ern divisions.. His popularity had
been twice evidenced before he be
came Secretary of State, by his be
ing twice elected delegate to the con
stitutional conventions. In 1859 he
was elected to be a member of a con
vention which never convened, and
therefore he pleads not guilty to any
charge of having voted wrong on
any question that did not come be
fore that body. But he was a mili
tant and potent member of that 1870
convention which gave to us ' the
present constitution of Tennessee.
When the Democratic party under
went serious- division upon the
"State debt question," Col. Gibbs
was of the State credit contingent,
and to that honored class of it which
acquired the title of Sky Blues.
For the' low tax element, and
those known as repudiationists, he
wrote a kind of sub rosa platform
which caused no little quiet amuse
ment among his immediate political
friends, and was mightily appreci
ated when it somehow got over into
the Republican camp. The gist of
it was, "It is against our principle
to pay interest, and against our in
terest to pay principal. We look
with disfavor upon all old debts, and
will allow all new ones to become
old rapidly as they will, so that we
may have plausible excuse for not
"I was a rolling stone that gather
ed no financial moss," Col. Gibbs
quite recently said to a friend;
"gathered no moss to embellish my
old-age "aream playhouse. I have
been of no service to Chattanooga
except by bringing here citizens in
the persona of my wife and children
One of the boys I brought has for
about thirty years helped to take
care of the people's money, as a
banker, and to build up the town by
"building some modest houses, but
such as help along. And the other,
for forty years or bo, has tried to
help the people keep well, so that
they could 'do their bit.' But I have
done nothing for the city. I have
been quasi statesman, lumberman,
farmer; but chiefly a loafer for the
last ten years."
That is quoted just for the pur
pose of polite but very emphatic
contradiction. The doughty colonel
could not be a loafer for ten minutes
if he tried. In these years of loafing.
as he terms his period of respite from
the regular activities of life, he has
tried his turn at getting the best of
Smart Alecks in New York, and fail
ed, measurably; has looked after
various and sundry business inter
ests in various places, and has
"loafed" nrminri tha Rnolfnnt T.aVo
bountry, picking up facts and data
of vast importance relative to land
titles, etc., which will likely enough
pne day be of much value to the
State and to many people of the
State. Time is not wasted which In
telligent and thoughtful men pass
with eyes and ears open, even if
they don't say much or stand much
in the fierce light of publicity.
Even in - the days of Col. Gibbs'
immediate ancestors, men wero not
disposed to confide'all of their per
sonal troubles to the policeman, and
those in rural environments were
little disposed to lean too heavily
upon the constabulary for the redress
of grievances. The colonel's father
had the temerity to engage in per
sonal conflict with the redoubtable
Sam Houston, and gave sufficiently
creditable account of himself.
He also had a fight with a noted
duelist and gunflghter named Thom
as K. Harris, by whom he was some
what seriously wounded by gunshot.
So little were those hardy men and
women given to confiding such af
fairs to their children that Charles
Nicholas never heard breath of these
disturbances until he was man
grown, and then they were confided
to him by a friendly frater of a great
Then he began to feel keener in
terest in those affairs of days he
could not remember. He inaugu
rated a campaign of inquiry, begin
ning, of course, with his mother. He
had always thought her pretty, and
now he came right out and told her
so. "Mother," he said, "you must
have been mighty handsome when
you were a girl." She "came right
out" and confessed that they did
consider her something of a beauty.
"You were mighty popular among
the gentlemen, I reckon," he pro
ceeded, and she admitted that the
boys used to like her-'.
"Did you ever dance much?"
"Yes, I danced a good deal until
Joined the church. I was mighty
fond -of dancing, Charles."
"DIdn t you ever dance after you
joined the church?"
Yes, once, and only once."
How was that? Tell me about
"Well, we women had a big quilt
ing, and at night, after the quilt was
finished, we got up a dance; or they
did somebody did.. A man came in
with his. arm in a sling and asked
me to dance with him, and I , did.
His name was Simpson. He killed
the man that Bhot your father, and
would nave danced with him if
they had turned me out of church."
The Simpson-Harris fight was typ
ical of the time and conditions then
existing. They were enemies in good
standing and of long standing. They
met, both on horseback, in a wooded,
lonely mountain road. Without
ceremony or comment, they drew
their long horsepistols and began
firing; they evidently acted in the
spirit of Admiral Dewey's sugges
tion to the German Admiral von
Dietrich, at Manila harbor, "if it is
war you want,' the way to make war
is to clear ship and go to fighting."
Simpson wounded Harris, and he
fell, evidently mortally hurt. Simp
son rode on until he reached a cabin,
to the occupants of which he report
ed what had occurred. "I think he's
killed," he said, "and you will prob
ably find his body close to a clump
of small walnut trees at the forks
At nightfall Simpson rode up to
4 ,. . J: . , ,.: ' : . 1. - y--r,-i- -iiln" ii riJ
WE ARE DAILY RECEIVING
OUR SPRING GOODS
And it will be to your interest to let us show you before
Buying. "Our More for Cash" idea should appeal to you.
J. A. COBLE, SON & CO.
Fancy Recleaned Tennessee
Burt Seed Oats
Oats will soon make cheap feed will mature in
' ninety days.
We have a car of King's Improved Cotton Seed, direct from
North Carolina; early maturing, entirely removed from the boll
weevil district A big portion of our native cotton was caught
by the frost last season. Beware of frosted seed. They will not
germinate. Call at our office and get descriptive circulars and
see sample. ,
Strictly nice recleaned Yellow Mammoth.
Japan Clover Seed Corn Sorghum Seed Red Clover
Red Top Timothy, Alsyke White Clover
Orchard Grass. '"'.'
Prices and samples gladly mailed on request
Cherry-Moss Grain Co.
WF. WANT OUT? HTTSTOMERS
TO HAVE THE BEST
(Continued on page five.)
s and Bacons.
ALL TOP QUALITY
IMDnorr . -i-cn BY
HEFLEY GROCERY CO.
ON EY TO LOAN
On improved Farm Lands in Obion County, Tenn.,
and Fulton County, Kentucky.
I am authorized to take applications for loans at 5 per cent,
interest, payable annually, on terms of five to ten years, with
privilege to borrower of paying off any part in multiples of
$100, or all of Joan, at any interest-paying period. Do not
know how long this interest rate ivill continue and 1 advise
all prospective borrowers- to see me at once. All negotiations
treated confidentially, and loans closed with least possible pub
licity. ' : . ' I .
W..E. HUDGINS, Union City, Tenn.
H Cumberland Phone Office 143, Residence 589
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