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; r r Why We Fight No. 5 Because Germany Menaoes th Freedom o( the World and Russia Can no Longer Resist Why We Fight No. 4 Because Germany lor Years Sought to Undermine Our Gorerameat . and Our Ideals A Great Net of Mercy drawn through. anuceanoi unspeaitaDie rain eAmericanRedCross ft By CLARENCES SPEED By CLAKENCE U SPEED Prepared Especially for the Hermitage Prepared Especially for the Hennltaa ciud or ivaanviue. H f VlM M M 4 M , 4 V f. liud o oaanviiie. - 0" .)- r! 1 ',1 4 ;? it ll '.J I? 'i 1 i it We are in this war with Germany because It is a war for freedom more truly than ever before was a war fought for the liberty of man. In times past, it is true, men hare fought for freedom from oppressors. Sometimes they have won and sometimes they have lost But always there has been a place in this big world where those : who bad lost In the strugle at home might go and find a country where they might enjoy ; the liberty . they loved. Now all Is different If the forces which are 'fighting for freedom In this war are defeated, there will be no place in the whole world to which they may go to find a refuge from Prus sian domination. . Every land under the sun will be directly or indirectly under control of the victor; and if the victor is autocracy, freedom per- , Ishes. ' ', The land where freedom Is most Im minently menaced by the legions of Prussian autocracy, at this moment. Is the land where unwonted freedom temporarily has run riot and has lost the power to fight for Itself Russia. jWe are fighting for the freedom of iRussla, and must continue to fight for It until Russia learns what freedom jmeans, and Is again able to fight. If iwe ao not, rreeaomwm cue in kussib; Prussian autocracy will rule and ex ploit the country for Its own benefit ; and the very forces which overthrew the czar will be turned against the freedom not only of themselves, but of Other lands. In years gone by, when thal forces of revolution were showing themselves jhere and there In Russia, they had the sympathy of America In spite of the , methods of terrorism of which . we did not approve. When the czar and jthe kaiser, leaders of autocracy, were . Jocked in a death grapple, Russia still tiad our sympathy, because she was fighting on the side of those who were seeking to safeguard the world from Prussian militarism. : When the czar was deposed over night American feelings were mixed. ,Tbre was Joy at the downfall of an 'Old, and sometimes cruet autocracy, ibut there was fear that Russia would become too disorganized to fight fur ther, coupled with the thought that per haps the revolution had come too soon to be effective. Then followed the brief regime of Kerensky, when It began to look as though freedom In Russia might be an Organized freedom, prepared to fight for Its rights, and all America hailed the Russian revolution as a blessing. It had become absolutely correct to say that the war was a war of democ racy against autocracy. No pro-Ger man could longer point to the czar, whenever an argument arose. Finally came the bolshevik! revolu tion, in which Kerensky was over thrown. Russian industry and Rus sian society were disorganized, and Russian armies ceased to fight The kaiser's armies pressed on unopposed, took what they desired in spite of a signed peace, and Russia appeared to be about to pass completely under con trol of Germany. America stood aghast at the prank freedom had played; and American opinion turned largely against Russia, but thinking men refused to eive up hope. Rush sla was and still Is Incapable of offer ing resistance, but Russia Is not re signed "to autocracy. It devolves upon others to fight for the freedom Rus sia must have. The experience of other nations has been that men who loved freedom were willing to fight for it, and to die for It if necessary. The Russian at titude of nonreslstance was something new in the world, and is hard to un derstand. The bolshevlkl represent ed the extreme Idea of liberty. To them freedom meant not the right of the majority to choose their form of government, but the right of the Indi vidual to be free from all forms of governmental restraint They would tear down the old order completely, at one stroke, and set up the mil lenlum. They would divide the land, the factories and the tools among the workers, and bare no masters henceforth. Even In Russia, however, there were dissenters. Some took up arms; and the bolshevlkl, who fought the Ger mans not at all, fought their brothers most ferociously. The result was an archy, lawlessness, massacre, the dis organization of the railways and the failure of the food supply. The mll lenlum refused to come at the mere decree of the bolshevlkl. It was shown that, there must be organization and government of some sort . Russia will not longer fight side by side with her former allies. So in slduous has been the German propa ganda that, In many Instances, Russian hatred of the allies seems to be deep er than .hatred of Germany. . Therefore the United States cannot render direct aid to the struggling peo ple of Russia. She cannot send them armies and supplies, for they have re fused to do battle for themselves. To fight for Russia she must fight on the western front She must do her share toward bumbling the kaiser, and forc ing him to relinquish bis grasp on the Etyt . . - That Is why we cannot talk peace with Germany as long as the kaiser has one single BusUa prfvinca m CgTfblM bed. t 'T PUTTING HIS MONEY TO WORK ' ' ' " " ' tOPYSKiHt 4.i rf Pws.ce Contributed by Charles Dana Gibson. 1 And You aw only asked o sav and not waste rood -4- i ill iffl -' -LivSI ,,,,,,,,, 4 7 "J .1'' f e7o VK. , wheat f. , ' You don't know what it is to be Tired' 7 Z?Tj? v-.'Ic--a.V mm BtMh mm I D. S. Food Administration. Arter de wise ol' owl spit on de bait he say, eez ee "I gwlne ter sprlze you all wld a mess er flshes 'cause you alls mus save de meat en eat sumpin' else instid en jes git out dat ol' game ba? en make It work, too," sez ee. Den he kotch a big fish and say, sez ee, 't-lioot t-lioot t-sub-stl-tool," sez ee. Wen he say dat he means dat when you alls make riz biscuits jes don't make 'em use corn meal ter save wheat flour tor de aojers. DR. JAKE H. PARK DENTIST Office: Room I. Naillinp Buildina TELEPHONE 136 UNION, CITY. TENNESSEE DR. I. GLOSSON VETERINARIAN Phone 1 2. Main and Third Sts. UNION CITY. TENN. THE MILLING HOSPITAL THIRD YEAR A Modern Surgical Institution. Graduate Nurses in Attendance. DR. W. A. NAILLING. ......... .Surgeot MRS. L. E. RODECKER R. N Supt " Union City, Tenn. Phone4l. J. C. BURDICK Wholesale and Retail Reelfoot Lake and Mississippi River Fish (Q Game Oysters in Season. New location, East Main .Street Phone 185 UNION CITY, TENN Wa are fighting Germany for the right to live our own lires as we see lit. We are fighting for our laws, our ideals, our homes, our Institutions. "But, how,' one may' ask, "were all these things threatened by Germany before the war started? It Is easy to see how they may be threatened now, for if we are defeated we are lost, but before the war started did Germany menace those things we hold most sa cral?" Let the Germans themselves answer. After yon hare read the evidence out of their own mouths, yon may decide whether or not Germany planned to up set our institutions, our Ideals, our very mode of life. In 1901 the National German-Ameri can alliance was formed in the United States. In 1907 it was incorporated by act of congress. Its charter is new being attacked in that same body. One of the objects of the alliance, as officially announced, was "to check na Ovlstlc encroachments." In other words, to keep the Germans from be coming Americans. Another object was "to awaken and strengthen the sense of unity among the people of German origin in America." "This alliance," its preliminary statement of alms concludes, "Is pledged to bring Its entire organiza tion to the support of any state fed eration which is engaged in the strug gle for any 6f these objects." It was pledged, in other words, to have its members vote, not as individ uals, but as German controlled units, for or against anthing of which they did not approve. The desire for resisting "nativistlc encroachments," was particularly ab horrent to American Ideals, because the effort In this country has always been to keep politics free from racial r religious Influences. Yet here was a body, proclaiming Itself German in origin and thought, seeking to perpetu ate this Genna'n feeling in the midst pf America. From Its very start the alliance sought to foment discord with England. It always spoke of the American press as "the AngIoAmerlcan', press, and it carried out a long and well-directed campaign for the introduction of the German language into the schools and its use In civil life. "The National Alliance," according to an Issue of its official Bulletin be fore this nation entered the war, "Is waging war against Anglo-Saxonlsm, against the fanatical enemies of per sonal liberty and political freedom, it Is combating narrow-minded, benight ed know-nothlngism, the influence of the British, and the enslaving Puritan ism, which had its birth in England." The race war which we will be compelled to go through with on Amer ican soil will be our world war," said the New York Staats Zeltung in fight ing a proposal to amend the New York constitution to make ability to speak and write the English language a requisite for suffrage. Ludwig Fulda wrote a book, "Amer ican Impressions." They were in presslons of a German who had stud ied this nation with a view to seeing it ultimately Germanized. "German izatlon is synonymous with causing to speak German," he said, "and speak ing German means to remain German." Wherever there were signs of dis content, of a movement which might tend to disrupt this country, or any other which Germany might find as a commercial rival, the German-American alliance was sure to be on the Job. It gave support to .the Irish American societies, because these soci eties, before the war, were working for the separation of Ireland from Eng land, a matter in which Germany, at that time, could have no legitimate interest But Germany, even then, was preparing for war, and was doing every possible thing to weaken its coming enemies. A disorganized America, one filled with German re servists, would be In no position to side with her enemies, Germany fig ured. On this subject the much-quoted Bernhardl wrote: "Measures must be taken at least to the extent of providing that the German element is not split up in the world, but remains united In compact blocks, and thus forms, even in for eign countries, political centers of gravity In our favor. The isolated groups of Germans abroad greatly ben efit our trade, since by preference they obtain goods from .Germany ; but they may also be useful to us politically, as we discover in America. The German Americans have formed a political al liance . with the Irish ; and, thus, united, constitute a power in the state with which the American government must reckon." With the outbreak cf the war in Eu rope the actions of the German-American alliance became bolder. The cam paign for membership took on new vigor. Can we talk of peace with a Ger many? that, even in times of peace, Is trying to disorganize our country, fo ment strife, and destroy our unity, simply because a Btrong,united nation on the other side of the world is not German? Can we make peace with a country that fills our hind with paid emissaries in an effort to make its language supplant our own? Can we talk of peace while a government thaf considers the world its pre doml UtM GftTBUOjJ j V. S. rood Admioistrattoa. . Ol' Br"er Rabbit better make hH e'f mighty skeerce en not go pro J irk In' roun' whar dere's cookln' ft-oln' on, 'cause a rabbit in a pot is r groin ter look mighty good to moa" anybody 'fo' long- 'count er folks havln' ter save on meat. 'Sides folks'll kinder have ter save do wheat flour fer comp'ny en eat bread made outen dis yere "substitute" flour. Dat wise ol owl done say dat to win de war you got ter feed de sojer boys dafs doln' de flghtin'. Dat's w'at's takln' de wheat er. meat. w iwmiiw ("r" ''mi iiwwasssaPsasai V. 8. Food Administration. Do ol' song sez "Dar's Sugar in de Gourd," but Br'er 'Tater 'lows dat de only sugar he's studyin' 'bout now-a-days is what's in de sugar bowl en hit's gwine ter stay . dar. De folks wots doln' ' de flghtin mus' have sugar fust. But ef dars enny sweet'nin in de gourd now'days, he. sho' gwine ter git tapped, 'cause dey's lookln' fer syrups en 'lasses en honey to "substitute." V. S. Food Administration. Baking powder biscuits, con bread, muffins, brown bread, grid dle cakes en waffles is wot dey call "quick breads." You all makes 'em wld one cup er wheat flour ter two cups er substitute flour to save , all c"; wheat dat kin be saved fer de sojers. Some folks kin git er'lor.sr widout any wheat at all and a:o .glad to do it ter help win de war. Dat ain't bad med'eine to take, fo' who's gwine tu'n up his nose at eood co'ii bread er biscuits er flapjacks?. U. S. Food Administration. 'Sides savin fats en wheat, we got ter save sugar. De bea' way ter save sugar is ter use syrups en honey. A nice H'l pitcher full er 'lasses convoyed by a fleet er buckwheat cakes is one er de bes' ways to "get crost" wid de sugar projick, en It saves wheat flour too. - U. S. Food Aduiinistrauon. Jist ez de buckwheat cake got flop over on his face, Br'er Bacon rin' dance 'roun' en say, sezee: "One good tu'n desarves en nuth er," sezee. Meanin' dat ef de sojer boys go en do de flghtin' fer us, de leas' we alls kin do is ter sen' 'em all de wheat en eat buckwheat instid. Co'n meal, rye en barley flour fer us will he'p a lot too. Demands of Government and pri vate war industries for steel have reached such great proportions, with repeated expansion of the country's military programme, that the allot- ' ments to less essential industries must be continually reduced, J. B. Replogle, Federal Steel Administra tor announced. A ' 5'., , - .