The Commercial, Union City, Tenn,
WOMAN SUFFRAGE ACT
I xf Aw T7
V H !!; Vj.. HIM i V
(Copyright It '8 Hart SchaffnfT & M4R
Fine Weather for Corn'
and Dixie Weaves
TPHE farmers like to see this
hot weather and you won't
mind it if you wear Dixie
We're ready to fit you outn'
these cool, comfortable clothes.
The best way to tell you they're good
and stylish is to say Hart Schaffner &
Marx make them; you know what
Did you get your
There are plenty of
them here; stylish,
good quality and good
values. All the new
braids and shapes.
Some have soft collars
to match the shirt; all
the new patterns and
colorings; all materials;
best values in town.
W. G. Clagett Co.
The home of Hart Schaffner & Marx clothes
The car giving you one hundred per cent ser-
vice and the greatest mjjeage and durability.
Modernly equipped and the most beautiful car
Call and look them over and let us give you a
demonstration. We are located at the corner
of Second and Church streets with the John
son Transfer Co.
Hermam Dietzel, jr.,
Telephone No. 10, v
FRIDAY, JUNE 27, 1919.
Magistrates of Davidson County
issue the following statements
To Hon. Joseph H. Acklen, Chair
man Committee on Arrangements:
The undersigned, members of the
County Court of Davidson County,
Tennessee, indorse the "call" issued
by the senate and house committees
on constitutional convention and the
respective speakers of the general
assembly, requesting the county
courts of the respective counties of
the state to select on Monday, July
7, 1919, delegates to a meeting to
be held at Nashville, on Thursday,
July 16, 1919. The said meeting to
effect a statewide, non-partisan or
ganization to further the movement
for a constitutional convention.
We further indorse your state
ment that the best interests of the
state demand that the general as
sembly should be freed from legisla
ion of a purely local character in or
der that more thoughtful considera
tion be given measures of statewide
importance, and that such purely
local legislation should, under prop
er constitutional restrictions, be
committed to the respective county
courts of the state.
T. O. Morris, Finley M. Morris,
Geo. R. Gillespie, S. G. Douglas, Jno.
Coode, Goodloe Cockrill, Oliver J.
Timothy, John F. Craig, Ira E. Park
er, Byrd Murray, Bass Wiles, Percy
Sharpe, T. B. Yeargin, Abe Bloom
stein, Jake Levine, R. W. Whitley,
C. A. Baskette, Joo S. Boyd, Ira B
Clark, John F. Gaffney, Thos. J.
Nance, G. W. Charlton, Green Simp
son, E. E. Ridley, S. R. Johnson, S.
W. Thompson, J. H. Austin, R. H.
Cochran, R. P. Reasonovcr, E. A.
Savage, S. P. Howe, C. L. Joslin, H.
P. Avrill, R. D. Jones, Frank B.
Blair, J. R. Allen, J. E. Horn, J. L.
Lewis, William Setters, Howard
How Much Must We Eat ?
The latest study of the progress of
people shows that the big question
is how much and in what variety
must we eat.
The answer involves a knowledge
of food value and balanced rations,
for one may eat to repletion and yet
be undernourished, if the proper
kinds of food in correct proportions
are not included in the diet.
If our appetite has never been per
verted it would be a safe guide to
follow. But, unfortunately, this is
not the case; therefore, the food ex
perts have given us the benefit of
their experiments and studies to en
able us to plan balanced rations,
Wc must have enough protein to
build and repair tissue, and about
four times as much of all the other
food elements taken together.
The amount of food needed depends
upon several factors: Age, sex, weight
and figure, the amount of work and
Enough food of the proper kind
to give bodily heat, provide for
growth and repair of tissue, and to
furnish energy for the Vork to be
done is necessary. Too much food
is detrimental to the body, as well
During the period of growth the
protein foods, or meats, milk, eggs
and fish must be Buppllod abundant
ly and since the balance must be
maintained it follows that the grow
ing person needs a plentiful supply
of food the more rapid the growth
the more food he should have, other
things being equal.
When we cease to grow we need
less food, only enough protein foods
to repair tissues and the others in
quantity to keep the proper balance.
Few adults follow this rule.
We form our habits before we are
25, and habits of eating are no ex
ception. When we cease to grow
we should gradually reduce amount
of food taken. If wo followed this
plan we would be a healthier, hap
pier and longer-lived race. It is a
reflection upon our intelligence that
so many of us overeat, storing up
fatty tissue until is becomes a burden
and we must take means to "reduce."
The food which is wasted through
overeating ' would, if saved, feed
many children who are now undernourished.
HELD NULL AND VOID
Chancellor Newman Held Legislative
To the Road Commissioners of Obion
I will supervise any Job of sub
drainage free of charge, and if elect
ed trustee I will give back to the
County Road Fund, or replace an
ther drain in the same district. I
have placed sub-drainage in four dis
tricts recently. Would like to place
some more in other parts of the
county, if you doubt this removing
the tnudholes, ypu call Mr. Will Mc-
clannahaii. District No. 1, Rural
phone No. 218.
' DORREL Y. HARRIS,
Both Phones, Union City, Tenn,
Nashville, Tenn., June 16 Woman
suffrage is not yet to be realized .in
Tennessee. This is the effect of an
opinion handed down by Chancellor
Newman in Part 2 of the Chancery
court of Davidson ' County, Monday
morning, in the case of John J. Ver
trees et al. vs. the State Board of
Elections et al., in which he declared
that the recent act of the Legislature
granting the women the right to vote
for presidential electors and munici
pal officers unconstitutional and void,
granted the injunction prayed for by
complainants and overruled the de
murrer of defendants.
The constitutionality of the act
granting women the right of suffrage
and the validity of the Senate Joint
resolution providing separate ballot
forms and ballot boxes for women
were the two questions involved in
As to the Senate joint resolution,
the chancellor said it did not rise to
the dignity of a statute, since it re
quires a law to amend a law, and
therefore has curative powers as to
the infirmities of the act which it
sought to remedy, and which the Leg
islature, by the passage of the resolu
tion, acknowledged was abortive in
failing to provide machinery for hold
ing r.uch elections. He held, there
fore, that the resolution, in so far as
it seeks to remedy the defects in the
act to which it relates, was inopera
tive and void.
In teaiing with the constitutionali
ty of the act itself, the chancellor
agreed with counsel for the defense
hat the Legislature of the state Is
empowered by the constitution of the
stale to appoint presidential electors
in such manner as it may direct.
However, he said, the Legislature is
not warranted in choosing as the
method of selecting presidential elec
tors an agency, such as the Novem
ber flection, created by the state con
stitution, for state purposes, and nul
lifying other sections of the const,itu
tion, but if the Legislature adopted a
method of appointing presidential
electors provided by the state for its
use and controlled by the state consti
tution, it must accept the agency as
it finds it, subject to all state consti
tutional requirements and limita
tions. He said the Legislature in
this case was not dealing with the
subject of appointing or providing
for the selection of presidential elec
tors, but was dealing with the subject
of conferring upon women limited
suffrage. If the Legislature adopts
an agency not controlled by the state
constitution it is unhampered there
by in making all regulations, the
chancellor said, but this is not a
method to select presidential electors,
but to determine who shall partici
pate in an election provided for in
the constitution and laws of Tennes
see, which the Legislature long since
adopted as the method of electing
these electors. .
With reference to providing sepa
rate t ballots and ballot boxes for
women voters, the chancellor said
that the election laws of, Tennessee
requires the names of all candidates
to be placed. on one ballot and that
is a legislative command to keep the
ballots togther, and an express In
hibition from separating them.
He agreed that if more than one
ballot box was necessary to hold all
the votes, another ballot box might
be used, but that the votes cast by
one class of votes could not be sepa
rated from those cast by another
class of voters. The chancellor was
of the opinion that no person has the
inherent right to vote, but that this
right was a granted, .rather, than a
natural right and that-he Legisla
ture may grant, abridge or take away,
in its discretion, the voting privilege
form any class of citizens, except
where it is limited or restricted by
the state constitution or forbidden
by the federal constitution.
As regards municipal elections, the
chancellor said that municipalities
were merely arms or branches of the
state government, created by the Leg
islature,, that the makera of the con
stitution understood at the time it
was prepared that there "were many
municipalities in Tennessee, . and
that the Legislature would from time
to time create others with govertt
mental powers over the people there
in residing, and that it was, therefore
difficult to understand how municipal
elections could be excluded from com
ing under the provisiions of the state
constitution. He said that the con
stitution of Tennesso contained ex
press recognition of municipal elec
tions; that no class of voters other
than men had participated in nation
al, state, county or municipal elec
tions in Tennessee when the consti
tution was framed, and that elec
tions therein referred to, directly or
impliedly, could have no other mean
ing than elections wherein men only
roted. . . . ! : .'. , -l," i
New Grocery Store!
East Main Street
High-Grade Staple and Fancy
Groceries and Fresh Meats
PI A. Vaden & Son
Have a brand new store and
a brand new stock of goods.
Host Reasonable Prices.
est Riding .
est Leather Upholstery
est Dry Plate Clutch
est Lady's Car
est Twelve Months' Guarantee
est Cooling System, Centrifugal
est Lubrication '
est Ignition, Delco
est Waterproof Top . . , .
est Car in the World
Call our Service Car when in trouble.
J. G. WEBB, Mechanic. A. E. KIRKLAND, Mgr.
Union City Dyersburg Ripley
I will be in UNION CITY
Monday, July 7th, 1919
with some extra good Duroc-Jersey pigs, for breeding
These pigs are from high bred matured sows; all have
had double treatment. I can sell you pairs or trio not related.
Also have some tried sows, bred for September farrow.
3. A. FOULKS
Cumberland Phone 6-3 r HARRIS. TENN.
The Triumph of Woman Suffrage.
In neither branch of Congress was
the vote on the resolution proposing
an amendment to tho Constitution to
confer suffrage on wpmen sectional
or partisan. Representatives of both
parties in the House and the Senate
voter for, and members of both par
ties voted against, the resolution.
It has been contended that the ad
vocates of votes for women had never
been able to win support from South
ern Democrats, but an analysis of the
Senate vote shown that Senators from
seven of the thirteen Southern States,
including Kentucky and Oklahoma,
were among thoso supporting the
Both Senators from each of three
Southern States Oklahoma, Arkan
sas and Texas voted in the affirma
tive. The Democratic South's record
on the resolution compares favorably
with that of Republican New Eng
land. The Republican leader in the
Senate, Lodge of Massachusetts, op
posed the resolution. Tho Democrat
Senator from New England, Gerry of
voted aye. The other Democratic
' " 1 t - I
Senator fro New England, Gerry of
Rhode Island, was paired for the
resolution. Both Maino Senators,
Republicans, voted for tho resolution,
and in New Hampshire and Vermont,
the Republican Senators were "fifty
fifty." Both Connecticut Senators,
Republicans, voted "no."
While the vote by which the reso
lution was paosed was neither sec
tional nor partisan, nevertheless its
success at this time is attributed by
women to the leadership of President
Wilson, Democrat. Thinking men
women have known for forty years
that suffrage would eventually be
extended to women. But a' half
dozen years ago the cause's triumph,
seemed yet a long way off.
The fight now goes to the State Leg
islatures. At its recent meeting in
Chicago, the Democratic National
Committee adopted a resolution urg
ing that the State Legislatures be
called together In extra session to
act on the resolution that Its ratifi
cation may be accomplished In time
for women of all States to vote la
the 1920 Presidential election, v
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