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The commercial. (Union City, Tenn.) 190?-193?, September 02, 1921, Image 4

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THE COMMERCIAL
Marshall &. Baird, Union City, Tenn,
Entered at the post office. Union City. Tennes-
teeaa second-class mail matter.
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 2, 1921.
Governor Iwden'a Speech,
Former Gov. Frank O. Lowden, of
Illinois, made a speech in Nashville
last week, interpreting the political
and industrial conditions and prob
lems in a way that impressed the
people there as nothing has done for
many a day.
Governor Lowden makes a general
statement, in striking contrast to the
policies of the present Republican
administration, as follows:
"I fear in the reaction against
close association of nations, in which
we might lofie something of our sov
ereignty, we are likely to go too far
to the other extreme.'' Eminent au
thorities are declaring that our for
cign commerce is but a bagatelle
compared with our domestic com
merce and that, therefore, we need
feel but little concern about our for
eign trade. This is always a popu
laf appeal America sufficient unto
horself alone. But is it sound? W
always have been producers of great
surplus of raw material such as cot
ton. Our prosperity in the past has
depended upon our finding a market
for such raw materials. We cannot
therefore, ignore our foreign trd
and continue to thrive. We may be
independent of all the world politi
cally, but commercially our future is
-inextricably interwoven wit that of
thp rest of the worll."
This, of course, touches our for
eign policy. But hero is another
fact which is completely and studi
ously ignored by every administra
tion as far back as Grover Cleveland:
"Let the proportion of pr.blic em
ployees continue to increase as rapid
ly as they have in lato years, and we
, will within a reasonable ime wituens
this phenomenon: Our population
divided into two classes, these hold
ing public office, still a minority it is
true, and all others working to iup
port tho minority in office. From
. that condition to the soviet form of
government it U but. a single step."
One of the campaign pledges made
by President Harding wts that one
of bis first acts would be to order a
general reduction in tho number of
government employees at Washing
ton.
Not only has he failed in this com
pletely, but he has abured the con
fldence of his people by actually in
dorsing the recommendations made
for the Shipping Board on the
grounds that the h'.gh salaried men
of the board had accepted this serv
ice at a sacrifice of their own private
business.
Nice, indeed, this attitude, after
parading his virtues before Congress
in an appeal to drop the soldiers'
bonus.
The speech is teeming from be
ginning to end with undisputable
facts, one of which is that the com
mercial and industrial world is wag
ing an unequal battle with agricul
ture. Both the foreign and domestic
markets are practically closed to the
farmer. On the other hand the State
and Federal government? are de
manding an enormous tribute in
taxes, so heavy in many cases that
the land is confiscated.
In England this condit ion has gone
so far that some of the ancient and
titled estates are being sold for the
purpose of escaping tax burden and
foreclosure.
While this condition exists we see
cur Government, warned by Secre
tary Mellon that expenses must be
reduced, ignoring this warning and
proceeding in the wildest and most
reckless extravagance.
Fabulous sums, the like of which
have never before appeared in the
wildest dreams of mankind, are be
, ing appropriated for ar.ny and navy
preparations and incidentally in
creasing the wealth of the fteel and
structural corporations with immense
government subsidies.
So high handed tit this practice and
co bold in its operation that these
big interests and t'to government be
Lind them are riding rough shod
and unconcerned over the prostrate
body of the agricultural c'asse..
The farmer has no. market for. his
produce. He cannot make another
crop because the prices of machinery
t nd supplies are prohibitive. He is
practlcaly bankrupt.
It is Inconceivable that agricul
ture can move u'lJer this .'train. The
prosperity of the nation rlepends up
on the farming industry. That be
ing so, how can conditions be im
proved while these Inconsistencies
exist. ' m
Governor .Lowden's diagnosis of
the agricultural situation is given
in the following languce:
"It is perfectly obvious that the
several industries; canrot keep step
unless some sort cf just relation is
maintained between the prices they
receive for theiv several commodities
and services. Nt industry is so pow
erful that it can I've unto itself
alone. All in the end nn:st draw
heir bustenaivce from the same
source. Agriculture at the present
time furnishes the most glaring in
stance of which I know of low prices
as compared vKb. the prices which
other great industries receive for
their goods an:", cervices.
'Tho cost of transportation for
farm products Iz practically double
what it was before the war; while
such products, according to the Gov
crument tabies, are now upon a level
slightly above pre-war priced. A
chart recently p.-Mished shows the
relative prices of rncro than throe
hundred " commodities, according to
the latest Government tabli;, os com
pared with the 1913 rr ce level
Farm produci.3 were, as I have said,
but slightly above that level, while
oil other commodities shelved an in
crease of from 40 to 175 per cent
Clearly, agriculture has suffered
nc st. Some sort of proper relation
must be restored betweon agricul
ture and other industries before we
can hope for a permanent improve
ment in business conditions.
"Agriculture is still our great ba
sic industry. A third of our popula
tion derives its living direct from the
soil. The increase in freight rates
has practically deprived the produc
ers of many fare commodities of
their best mtrkcts. Under the low
freight rates which formerly pre
vailed, the farmers of the country
were th be3t patrons of the rail
way. They shipped to the remotest
markets. They had gotten away
from the practice of the pioneers, by
which the farmer produced -nearly
everything upon the farm which he
and his family consumed. They sold
and shipped almost their entire prod
uct, buying other articles of mer
chandise in return. This was doubt
less to the economic advantage of the
country as a whole, for each territo
ry could produco the articles it was
best fitted to produce, exchanging for
other articles they needed and which
were produced elsewhere. The farm
er had become 4 merchant as well as
farmer. And now he is driven back
in large measure to the more prim
itive practices of his pioneer for
bears. 1
insteaa 01 producing the one
thing, or the two things, or the
three things that he is best suited to
produce, he is compelled to produce
evorpthing upon his land, whether
advantageously or not, which is nec
cssary to the living of his family.
The alfalfa growers of the far West
will no longer grow alfalfa for the
farmers of Iowa and Illinois. The
latter will be compelled, therefore, to
devote a smaller part of their acreage
to the cereals an d to raise roughage
for themselves.
"The farmer will no longer con
tinuo to ship all of his live stock to
the great centers, buying his own
supplies of bacon and ham. and beef
from the butcher and the merchant,
but will revive the old smoke house
of his fathers and prepare his own
meats. A community flouring mill
may again return. Possibly even the
spinning wheel and the loom will find
their old place in the farmer's home,
and necessary clothing may be man
ufactured upon the farm. I am not
at all sure that some benefit might
not come from this return to primi
tive times, hut I am sure that it will
enormously reduce the volume of
freight carried over the railroads of
the land.
"I am sure too that the total prod
ucts of the farms of America will be
largely reduced when this necessity
comes. I do not mean to say that
there are not other causes operating
to reduce the price of farm products
belcw the cost of production such as
want of purchasing power abroad,
but I do mean to say that tho first
step toward stabilizing farm produc
tion is to bring transportation
charges down to a point where the
farmer can regain the American mar
ket which he has lost."
' Dr. F. M. McRce has returned from
his European trip, arriving home
Sunday. Dr. McRee spent twenty
three days traveling in England,
France, Belgium, Switzerland, . and
visited the battlefields of France. He
says that the English and French
people have gone to work in earnest
and that they have bumper crops In
France and Belgium. There are no
finer people than the Belgians and
they .are rapidly rebuilding. The
greatest troublo is in finding the cor
rect value of damages. The battle
fields of Verdun and others are bar
ren, still covered with tangled wire
and torn with ditches. It will take
years to reclaim these lands. The
Doctor looks fine. He says there are
no women in Europe who are as good
to look upon as our own.
Now let some genius give us a new
song entitled, "I Didn't Raise My
Boy to- Be a Taxpayer."
Political Moths.
Col. Jeter, over at Murfreesboro,
is urging a return to the old-time
Democratic State and county conven
tions. He intimates that the rank
and file of Tennessee Democrats are
tired of primaries and ready to wel
come the convention. The subject,
as far as we know, has not been dis
cussed at all lrtcly in the press and
no one has mentioned it in this neck
of the woods. Then, we would like to
know, how he came to the conclusion
that Democrats are tired of prima
ries. The fact is that this is one of the
political snares by which the trium
virate the political machine is un
dertaking to strengthen its. organi
zation.
Already this organization, with it3
school and State fair lobbies, and
other promotion schemes, has. disor
ganized State government and fi
nances. With a very high tax as
sessment Tennessee is running into
debt at the rate of three- millions of
dollars a year and paying impossible
rates of interest. Now, to fasten this
plunder irrevocably upon the State
it is desired to hoodwink the people
into a return to the highhanded and
wholly unscrupulous methods of the
State and county convention.
Every man who can call back
twenty year3 knows what a political
convention is. The primary is not
perfect institution, but compared to
a convention it 13 a haven of political
idealism. The convention is a
hot
house of bribery, brigandage
and
corruption. It is a place wnere men
divest themselves of every honest im
pulse, every patriotic motive, every
thing that is ordinarily governed by
a sense of equity and honor, and
plunge into a saturnalia of political
crime. It is hell.
And this i3 the kind of thing tb
triumvirate wants with which
to
fasten its fangs into the throa's of
Tennessee Democrats.
We are waiting, patiently waiting,
for some man to make a counter call
to the Democratic hosts' to arms
Whether the candidates for the next
gubernatorial' nomination will have
tho courage to make this call remains
to be seen. The people are slow
very slow to take up the fight for
political reform. But if they ever
do, and get started right, there will
be a mighty scattering of the politi
cal money changers in Tennessee,
IN MEMOEIAM.
Edward C. Ownby.
Your soul has answered the Master's
call,
, The end of your life's trail is
reached ;
To-day you sit in the marble hall
And play while divine mass is
preached.
No one of the many you ,left behind
But what shall feel their loss and
grief,
Yet your deeds of kindness will al
ways remind
Us to pray for your soul's relief.
The cross you bore was too much for
you
Though you staggered bravely on
. till the end,
Believing and trusting He would pass
you through
The gate where love's rainbow
shall blend!
I feel as I kneel before the crucifix
there
That my suppliant prayer will be
answered,
And the soul of the man who left me
here
Will And peace when the verdict is
rendere'd.
Out there alone under a flowered
mound
We leave you alone in the last long
sleep;
Where the silence of the tomb knows
no Bound
I stand by your cross and weep!
FARMS FOB SALE.
218 acres, 12 miles out on Bank-
head Highway. Six-room residence,
good barn and fences; 170 acres level,
second bottom land. School on ad
joining land, church one mile.' Nice
going farm, good neighborhood, 45
minutes by auto to the university
town of Oxford. $10,000, half cash,
balance five annual payments'" at 6
pet cent.
205 acres, four miles out on high
way, with school wagon passing the
door; 100 acres creek bottom. Cot
tag with hot and cold water, good
tenant houses. $12,000 will buy this
splendidr well-located farm.
785-acre cotton, grain and stock
farm, 60 miles of Memphis, near
railroad and highway; 500 acres riv
er bottom, 175 acres in cultivation.
Fine cane for winter pasture. Only
$20 per acre. If bought in August
rents and personal property thrown
in. This is a fine investment or spec
ulation. W. L. ARCHIBALD,
21-2t Oxford, Mississippi.
Talk is so cheap that most of it has
to be disposed of at a big discount.
ItM ' It I 1 117 I
AM
Big
vim
Auto
and Oct.
IYZ
ON
111 (
Camels are made for Men who
Think for Themselves
Such folks know real quality and DEMAND it
They prefer Camels because Camels give them the
smoothest, mellowest smoke they can buy because
they love the mild, rich flavor of choicest tobaccos,
perfectly blended and because Camels leave NO
CIGARETTY AFTERTASTE.
Like every man who does his own thinking, you
Sis!
rtJiansHSfDoutsncS'l .-
r2
MEMPHIS
EPT. 2(9GT- U
EKPOSn
OFTHESOUTrfeMAMlFOLD
products af ihdustb'
Amusement Program
w'
1
I v
BETTER THAN EVER
PnpORAM rv1A.IL.ED FREE ON
REDUCED RAILWAY
SALE SEPT 23 TO OCTI
want fine tobacco in your cigarettes. You'll find it
in Camels.
And, mind you, no flashy package just for show. I
No extra wrappers I No costly frills! These things
don't improve the smoke any more than premiums A
or coupons. I
But QUALITY! Listen! That's CAMELS!
MBm.
!1
Horse
Paces'
Sept.
CVS JW
REQUEST
RATES
Wia.U4la, It C
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