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The Commercial, Union City, Tenn.
FRIDAY, APRIL 14, 1922. THE BATTLE OF SHILOH; BY DON SINGLETARY. M. D. ' Just sixty years ago to-day on April 6 and 7, 1862, the battle of Shi- loh was fought the Federal army against the Confederate government. Here brother fought brother and friend fought friend. If our readers could have seen that battle as it was, and as it occurred, yeu would have viewed an area about 3 miles in di ameter, in half moon shape, strewn with more dead men than two cities like Clinton's population to-day, or between 3,000 and 4,000-dead men. Then there were about three times that number with blood streaming from their wounded bodies. We hear the cry of pain, broken bones and lacerated bodies. Our doctors, hos pital corps, ambulance forces worked all night, and yet many lay there while rain poured down in torrents all that night dead and dying, help less. No wonder that Sherman said "War is hell!" General U.S. Grant and Gen. Sher man, the Federalist-s, began to land their armies at Pittsburg Landing the 16th of March and before this battle came off had assembled about 48,000 soldiers at and near Shiloh. Their main camp was on the west bank of the Tennessee River and be tween two large cceeks one north and one south of their camp. This camp was a high plateau of wooded, waving land, with some clumps of undergrowth. Grant intended to attack the Con federate army at Corinth very soon, which place was 21 miles from his camp. Grant's camps were beautiful ly laid off and tented for about three miles back from Pittsburg and about Shiloh. Their camp was well provl- not do us ruin. Johnston listened sioned with the best of eatables, sut- patiently, but never wavered. Gen. leries; : etc. They ate, drank; they were armerry set. - They had never dreamed'or thought that the Con federates might attack them. Grant's headquarters were at Savannah, eight miles from camp, and he" had orders from General Halleck in St. Louis not to bring on a battle, for he (Halleck) was coming scon. He wanted to lead that fight at Corinth, From the day the Yankee army landed at Pittsburg our Confederate cavalry began to fight them and to keep their pickets busy. We kept them huddled closely. We did not allow them-to get any news of our army movements. General Albert Sidney Johnston and Gen. Beauregard during the lat ter part of March had assembled an army of about 40,000 soldiers at Corinth to protect our railways from the invading enemies. Many of our Confederate army "were new recruits and had neither arms nor ammuni tion. Corinth was 18 miles from the Yankee picket lines. General Johnston determined to attack Gen. Grant in his camps. So he commenced moving his army on Apr. 3. He believed he could travel these 18 miles in two days and at tack Grant's army on the 5th of April. But the narrow road, the con tinuous woods and mud delayed us, so we did not get into battle line un til sunset on April 5. Our army was tired, wet, muddy and hungry. It rained torrents both nights and we had eaten all of our three days' ra tions. Gen. Johnston now held council of battle. Every one of his generals advised a return to Corinth and wait for Grant to attack us Beauregard insisted on a retreat They thought that Grant Knew oi our movements and with his larger numbers might easily repulse us if T. L. Bransford Sons (Est. 1868) Brick and Concrete Mfg's. and Dealers. Lime, Cement, Sand, Gravel, Metal (stucco)Lathe, Press Brick, Plaster and a big stock of Concrete Piller Blocks, seasoned from last fall. Special For Clean Up Week: For $2.50 cash we will deliver you one barrel of Lime and 2 bushels Chicken Sand as long as chic sand lasts. We have four shades of Press Brick for mantles now Stucco this spring. Stucco is cheaper than it ever was. Let us figure your stucco job. Spring and fall is the time for best concrete walks. We have the material and the workmen. T. L. Bransford Sons Phone 28-W. II!) Andrews Jewelry Co. WE are headquarters for anything in the Jew elry line. We are striving to give you the very best quality at the lowest price possi ble. Jewelry is the most highly appreciated of all the gift articles, because it is both artistic and useful. Remember the school graduate this year with a piece of jewelry A WATCH AND CHAIN. BRACELET WATCH. STRING OF PEARLS. MESH BAG. SILVER PURSE. DIAMOND RING. We have them in splendid quality and designs. Our Repair Department is fully equipped and we can take care of any job you want done, in the very best way 30 YEARS EXPERIENCE Our employes are competent and courteous and we assure you at all times a WARM WELCOME Johnston, with sparkling, eyes, , said "We will coaimence the battle , to morrow at daybreak. We-will fight as our original program calls for this battle. We can Itake breakfast with them." We were at" that moment . In our arms close up to the Yankee pickets. Before 5 a.m. on April 6 our skir mishers were firing and our army commenced to move up. As a heavy line of pickets and skirmishers had been fighting day after day, ten or fif teen days the Yankee army was sleep ing soundly. Only a few were vigi lant. General Prentiss took out re inforcements and later called, for more; and later warned.; the entire camp to the fact that a battle was in full bloom. The Confederate gener als moved slowly, fearing to be caught inan ambush. We were not certain that our movement, was & complete surprise; but we moved on, driving everything before us. By 8 o'clock we were taking their- tented field and soon realized that we had completely surprised Grant and his entire army. ' General Grant and some of his friends denied that they were surprised, but their own reports and facts belied them. General Grant himself was at Savannah, eight or nine miles away, and the battle went on for over three hours before he even reached the battle field or gave a single command. Grant was sitting at breakfast ta ble when the sound of cannon boom awakened him surprised him. He reached the battlefield about 8:30, and at that time we had captured a good part of his tented camps and were driving Prentiss, etc., through their own camps. It was sucn a com plete surpise we found many tables with hot coffee and fresh breakfast prepared, but not eaten. We cap tured their tents, many of them in good order and well supplied wtih good clothes, blankets, bunks, etc. This writer saw the things and slept in one of those comfortable tents that night. We ate their hams, we drank their coffee. We slept in the dry while Grant and his men stayed out in the rain. That same night Gen, Johnston had swept the field our victory was nearly complete. Gen. Prentiss and his "brave" men at the "Hornet's Nest" held some of us in check for four hours, and that stand alone kept us from forcing Grant to surrender or by rout flee from the entire field of battle. Pren tiss surrendered to us over 2,000 but he saved Grant. Had Prentiss been captured two hours earlier, Gen Johnston would not have met the ball that killed him. Yet, we had plenty of time to complete our vic tory. Gen. Beauregard was now our chief. Other generals were ready, anxious to push on. The sun shone bright and warm. Many of us stood in line waiting. I remember it well. Beauregard did not clinch our vic tory. Some fighting continued for awhile and then we went into camp We saw the enemy routed, fleeing They were badly whipped. Thousands of them had already deserted the field, and confusion and panic was beyond control. (Century Co. Win ston's Encyclopedia, Shiloh Cam paign and Battle.) On the next day Gen. Buell with about 36,000 fresh soldiers had ar rived on the battlefield. But Buell saw the plight of Grant's army. Neither Grant nor. Buell seemed to want to fight any more. They did get in battle array and several short fights came off that day. The Con federates under Beauregard were try ing to carry oft their wounded, their prisoners, their captured arms, can non, provisions and valuables. We tayed on the field all day. Shiloh Church was in our possession all day, We took our leisure. Many of us camped on the outskirts of the battle field that night. Not a Yankee dared to follow us or molest us that after- oon or night or next day. They were scared. Grant reported that we had about 100,000 men. Buell had more fresh soldiers than we had soldiers. -He seemed glad that we let him alone. I could recall many rem iniscences here, but space forbids it. In that battle, Kentucky soldiers were prominent and numerous, led by Generals Albert Sidney Johnston, John C. Breckenridge, J. H. Morgan, Abe Bufford, H. B. Lyon, Loyd Tilgh man and others. 0, I cannot name them all. There were thousands of us, colonels, captains, surgeons and privates the peer of anjj on earth. Our sons and sons' sons are the prominent leaders to-day in" Ken tucky. In Jackson's purchase and "Pennyrile deestrict," the woods, the farms, the cities, are full of our chil dren, even to the third or fourth gen eration. Shoud the writer live to see August 11, he will be an octogen arian. There are also yet thousands of old chaps on hand, of my com rades. If you like this article, drop me a line and say so. If not, tell me of my error. I Clinton, Ky. I I. . - , , j !l SJZK ' ' V ll I kl ll. .1, M p ji M , n,VAv - ll HI -- It Co. - - . ' , " You invest in known value when you buy clothes here. 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Clagett Co. the house of Kuppenheimer good clothes ll' TOKENS Of SERVICE For 50 Tags or KENTUCKY COLONEL Pictures, One Kind or Assorted, We Will Send Postpaid OUR SPECIAL PREMIUM KNIFE HUNDREDS OF OTHER PREMIUMS For Men, Women, Children Write today for your 1922 catalog good until June 30, 1923 Smith & Scot! Tobacco Co., Inc., Paducan, Ky. Haw, Haw! A pessimist, again, is the man who doesn't bother with the rack under the restaurant chair, but throws his hat on the floor i,o start with. Nash ville Tennessean. When you want light globes, buy EDISON. Averitt Electric. SHESIFFS SALE OF LAND. By virtue of an Venditioni Ex ponas from the Circuit Court of Obion County, Tennessee, in .the cause of S. M. Fields vs. W. E. Rain water and Claud Rainwater, directed 10 tne bhenff of said county, I will sell to the highest bidder, for cash, at the East door of the Courthouse in Union City, Tennessee, at one o'clock p.m., on the 29th day of April, 1922, a two-fifths undivided interest in and to a certain tract of land situated in the 6th Civil Dis trict of Obion County, Tennessee, aiui Dounaea as roiiows: Beginning at a stake, at the southwest corner of the Simmons' land; thence East with the old line 117 poles to a stake with white oak and black oak pointers; thence North 48 poles to a stake with DODlar. sassafras anrl mul berry pointers; thence West 111 poies to a stake, with black walnut and beech pointers; thence South 48 poles to the beginning, containing 70 acres more or less, and being the same land conveyed by G. W.. Davis to J. ' D. Rainwater on January 21, 18S5, and which is recorded in Book 3-X, page 183 of the Register's of five for Obion County, Tennessee. Paid above described Interpol in Hnf1 land will be sold subject to the home stead ana aower interest of Mrs. L. C. Rainwater. 2 This the 5th day of April, 1922. J. W. CHERRY, Sheriff. E. H. Lannom, Att'y for Plaintiff.